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roused by fellow feeling, a host provided the harvest is good? What of sympathetic brethren would harm can there be in sowing tareš, come to his aid to denounce his provided we reap wheat? or even persecutors, and certify whom it if every seed produced after this might concern, of his pre-eminent kind, they could perceive no such industry, sincerity, and skill. lo mighty difference as to render it consequence of this state of things, a matter of such consequence what the business of the farm, in many seeds were sown. parts, was wretchedly conducted. seeds sown upon the farm, they Many a field was scarcely tilled at could not lay their finger upon all, but was grown over to thorns, more than two or three of much and nettles covered the face there. importance; and on the whole, of, and the stone wall thereof was they concluded, that tares sown broken down. Some servants min- sincerely, were even better than gled tares with the good seed, and wheat sown hypocritically. some sowed little besides tares.-- It was directed in the book of At first indeed, it was done in the husbandry, that in the cultivation night, while men slept, but at of fruit trees, particular attention length it was done openly. If any should be paid to the root, but the alledged that a particular servant same servants who thought that gowed tares, it was replied, that the tares sown sincerely, weré tares and wheat were so nearly better than wheat sown hypocritalike, that none should presume ically, conceived the idea, that all authoritively to discriminate be- attention to the roots of trees was tween them. It had always been entirely superfluous labour,that the disputed, they said which were root of the tree was dependent on tares, and which were wheat, and the top, not the top upon the root; that every servant must judge for and that all a skillful husbandhimself.' The accused thought man had need to do, was to keep that he sowed wheat, and his ac- his trees well pruned. They talk*cusers thought that he sowed ed, and wrote, and printed, and tares, and he was as likely to be went about with great kindness, to right as they. Besides, it was all, open the eyes of other servants to they said, a matter of mere opin- the extreme folly of delving in the ion, for which no man should be dirt about the roots of trees.accountable. If their fellow serv- 6. For what,” said they, “can be ant had in fact sowed tares, he more beautiful than leaves and had done it, they did not doubt, blossoms, or what more excellent sincerely, and of course would be than delicious fruit? Let the top as well accepted to their master, of the tree (they said) be duly as those who sowed wheat. But cultivated, and the luxuriant top, after all, said they, of what conse- if roots be needful, will produce quence is it what seed a mari sows, them." If any quoted that passage in the book of husbandry, as the lion; that the lion so often which apostrophizing a tree says, spoken of in the book of husband. 4 thou bearest not the root, but ry, as such a powerful and ferocthe root thee,” it was easy to re- ious animal was nothing but the ply that the passage was mistrans- principle of evil personified, as it lated, and that it ought to be ren- existed in the thunder storms and dered as it does read in the orig- the diseases of sheep. It is well. inal; thou bearest not he branch- known, they said, that thunder es, but the branches thee. storms roar, that they are noxious,

Were it alledged, that where to lambs, and that they go about, attention was paid to the roots of figuratively seeking whom they trees, they were invariably the may figuratively deyour. When most flourishing and fruitful.; the reminded that the book spoke of fact would be sometimes reluc- many lions, though of one as chief tantly admitted, while that the in strength and ferocity, it was difference was caused by the dif- easily to reply, that thunder ferent mode of culture, would be storms were numerous, some great strenuously denied. 66 Prove to and some small; the greatest be. us," they would say, “that the ing called the old lion, and the difference does not arise from rest lions, or young lions, accordsoil or posilion, or the cultivation ing to their power. In like manwhich you bestow upon the dop, ner, they insisted, were the disin common with us; for as long as eases of sheep personified, proit is possible, that the difference ceeding, as they all did, from may arise from some other cause, principles of disease in the aniit is absolutely certain that it is mal called the old lion, or the lipot produced by your particular on, or young lion, as the disease mode of cultivation."

was more or less destructive.-Another charge left upon record These diseases, it was well known, in the book of husbandry, was, caused sheep to bleat, which by a that the servants should take par- figure of speech, common in eastticular care of the sheep andern countries,might be called roar. lambs of the flock, to see that they ing, and as disease and death dewere defended against the lion, compose the bodies of animals, who went about seeking to devour they are fitly compared to a lion. them. But those servants who tearing in pieces and devouring dreaded so much labor of tilling his prey. It is scarcely to be the roots of trees, found the ser- conceived how much rejoicing and vice of keeping the flock too la- self-complacency this discovery borious for pleasure, and by occasioned. The servants who searching critically the book of made it and availed themselves of husbandry, discoved to their great it, deemed themselves the most joy that there was no such; animal learned servants:on the farm, and


to express at once their estima. all the books, which authorised tion of themselves, and their con- the illustration of the properties tempt of the old fashioned sery- of real existences, hy the properants, they styled themselves ra- ties and actions of nothing, were tional husbandmen. The irration- destroyed in Herculaneum, al servants did in this case all to burnt in the Alexandrian library. reclaim their fellow servants,

BUNYAN. which could be expected of men bereft of reason, or who had never had any. They demanded, how the principle of evil in diseas- THE UNIVERSALITY OF HUMAN GUILT. es and thunder-storms, which was Would men compare themselves a reality, could possibly be il- with God's law, instead of comlustrated by clothing it with the paring themselves with their animated

powers, and actions of an neighbours, they would make a animal which did not exist. What very different estimate of their sense could there be in calling a religious character from what they traitor a Judas, had no treacher- frequently do. There is a wide nus Judas existed; in calling a distinction we grant, between the miser's heart, a heart of stone, if man who has only indulged hated no such hard material, called a or impure desire in his heart, and stone, had any being; and why call the murderer or the adulterer; the principle of evil in disease yet is the crime of the same naand thunder, a lion, if there be no rure-equally a breach of the such living animal in the wilder- Divine law, indicating a bad moral

Does not the calling of state of the soul, and showing an storms and diseases, lions, (said awful contrariety to the benevothese simple-hearted servants,) lence and purity of the divine prove the existence of real lions ? nature. But where lives the man Do the Greeks and eastern nations who hath not thus offended, and illustrate the power of thunder and who hath not, therefore, in him. disease by the properties and ac- self, a proof of his depravity, and tions of non-existences? Do you an evidence of guilt, which should find any examples of the kind in forcibly dictate to his lips the Homer, Sanchoniathon, Manetho, publican's prayer, “God be meror the Talmuds? These ques- ciful to me a sinner.” tions, demanding time, in order to

Chr. Observer. answer them learnedly, time was accordingly taken, when, after extended research, without being able to find an example in point, it

Omicron is received and will apwas profoundly conjectured, that pear in a future number.



tional. They insure the existence the operations of his hand necessa. of all those second causes and in- rily harmonize with this his goodstraments, which are requisite to 5 He cannot deny himself.” the complete attainment of the He cannot do any thing inconsistent great object that God has in view, with his moral rectitude. Hence, in all his works. In this connect. his decrees, which flow from his ion, it may be remarked, that the holy and benevolent heart, must divine decrees being unconditional be holy and benevolent decrees. and unchangeable, will all be ex- The perfect, unchanging goodness ecuted. Of this there is an abso- of God always leads him to do all lute certainty. For he, who formed the good he can in time and eterthem, is both able and willing to nity. And the same goodness lert execute them all. Although him from everlasting, to decree to God's enemies mean not to act for do all this good. He formed all him, but for themselves; yet he his decrees with an ultimate view has them entirely under bis con- to his own glory, which is the trol, and makes all their efforts to most noble and excellent end that accomplish their own designs, sub- he could choose and pursue. And serve the accomplishment of his. in executing them, he will accomHe employed Pharoah, Sennache- plish this end, he will make the rib and Judas, as well as Moses, brightest and most perfect disIsaiah and Paul, to execute his plays of all the attributes and perpurposes. And he forever causes fections of his nature, and thus inall his foes, as well as all his sure the endless existence of the friends, to promote their execu- greatest possible sum of good in tion. Nothing can ever defeat the immense empire over which them. Hear what he himself he reigns. saith on this subject, “ The Lord The gospel reveals God's everof hosts hath purposed, and who lasting purposes, and represents shall disannul it? and his hand is him as making, through them, stretched out, and who shall turn bright and glorious manifestations it back ? The Lord of hosts hath of himself to his intelligent creatsworn, saying, surely, as I have ures. To the Ephesians Paul thought, so shall it come to pass; writes, “ Unto me, who am less and as I have purposed, so shall it than the least of all saints, is this stand. I will work, and who shall grace given, that I should preach let it ? I will do all my pleasure.” among the gentiles the unsearcha

ble riches of Christ ; and to make 4. That the decrees of God are all men see what is the fellowship benevolent. 6. God is love." His of the mystery, which, from the whole heart is impartial love, is beginning of the world, hath been pure disinterested goodness. And bid in God, who created all things all the counsels of his will, and all by Jesus Christ ; to the intent that

1 ada,

bly say, “ He hath fore-ordained ditional. The divine threatenings whatsoever comes to pass.” This are conditional; but this is not accords with reason and scripture. true of any of the divine purposes. In eternity God concerted his God threatened to destroy Ninegreat plan of operation, which veh, unless its inhabitants should comprises all things and events repent. This condition, though that ever did or ever will exist.-- not expressed, was implied, and This must be true, if he is an all- was understood to be, both by Joperfect being. To say that God nah and the Ninevites, as appears. has not laid a plan of his own uni- from their words and actions. The verse, and fixed and arranged all execution of the threatening dethings in it, is virtually to pro- pended on the conduct of the peonounce him imperfect. For to ple, and in this sense the threatenundertake any work without a ing was conditional. But though previous design, demonstrates the God threatened to overthrow the imbecility of the undertaker.-- city in forty days, he had not deThe man who does this, is charg- creed to overthrow it at that time, ed with folly by his fellow men, but to spare it. And this decree and the charge is just. It must, contained the means of its preserthen, be highly arrogant to im- vation, which were the repentance pute such weakness and folly to and amendment of the people.the blessed God. It must be blas- Accordingly, they did repent, and phemous to maintain that be acts the impending evil was averted. without a plan, or that if he has Here, both the end and the means one, it is not as extensive as his necessary for its attainment, were works, but leaves many things to included in the decree, which rensome future arrangement,or rather dered it unconditional. The same leaves them buried in the depths holds true of all the decrees of of uncertainty. God is the uni- God. Were he to fix on a certain versal designer. His purposes in- end, without fixing on the means clude all his own conduct, all the necessary to be used by others to conduct of all his creatures, and all bring it to pass, the end would things and events in the universe. be brought to pass, or it would For an inspired apostle saith that not, according as those means 66 of him, and through him, and to should happen to be used or neg. him, are all things ;” and that he lected. This would render the 6 worketh all things after the coun- decree conditional, and its execusel of his own will." In these tion uncertain. But since the depassages, the universality of his crees of God are universal, or exdecrees, as well as of his agency tend to all events, they include in their execution, is taught with in every case, both the end, and the utmost plainness.

the means necessary to secure it. 3. The decrees of God are uncon. And this makes them all uncondi.

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