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NOWELL'S CATECHISM. than Master. Hitherto thou hast well rehearsed - Table me the Laws of the First Table, wherein the
true worshipping of God, which is the fountain and of all good things, is briefly comprehended. Now,
therefore, I would have thee tell me what be the duties of our charity and love towards men, which duties do spring and are drawn out of the same fountain, and which are contained in the Second Table.
Scholar. The Second Table beginneth thus : “ Honoar thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.”
Mast. What is meant in this place by this word honour ?
Scho. The honour of parents containeth love, fear, and reverence ; and consisteth as in the proper work and duty of it, in obeying them, in saving, helping, and defending them, and also feeding and relieving them if ever they be in need.
Mast. Doth the Law extend only to parents by nature?.
Scho. Although the very words seem to express no more ; yet we must understand that all those to whom an authority is given, as magistrates, ministers of the church, schoolmasters ; finally, all they that have any ornament, either of reverend age, or of wit, wisdom, or learning, worship, or wealthy state, or otherwise be our superiors,
are contained under the name of fathers; because the authority both of them and of fathers comes out of one fountain.
Mast. Out of what fountain ?
Scho. The holy decree of the laws of God, by which they are become worshipful and honourable, as well as natural parents. For from thence they all, whether they be parents; princes, magistrates, or other superiors, whatsoever they be, have all their power and authority; because by these it has pleased God to rule and govern the world.
Mast. What is meant by this that he calleth magistrates, and other superiors, by the name of parents ?
Scho. To teach us that they are given us of God, both for our own and public benefit, and also by example of that authority, which of all other is naturally least grudged at, to train and enure the mind of man, which of itself is puffed with pride, and loth to be under others command- Nas ment, to the duty and obedience towards magistrates. For by the name of parents, we are charged not only to yield and obey to magistrates, but also to honour and love them. And likewise on the other part, superiors are taught so to govern their inferiors, as a just parent useth to rule over good children.
Mast. What meaneth that promise which is added to the Commandment?
Scho. That they shall enjoy long life, and shall long continue in sure and steadfast posses
sion of wealth, that give just and dae honour to in their parents and magistrates.
Mast. But this promise seemeth to belong
peculiarly to such Jews as are kind to their of Goth parents.
Scho. It is no doubt, that that is by name Twin spoken of the land of Canaan, pertaineth only
to the Jews. But forasmuch as God is Lord of the whole world, what place soever he giveth us to dwell in, the same he promiseth and assureth us in this Law that we shall keep still in our possession.
Mast. But why doth God reckon for a benefit long-continued age in such a miserable and wicked life?
Scho. Because when he relieveth the miseries and calamities of them that be his, or preserveth them in so many perils that beset them round about, and calleth them back from vices and sins, he sheweth to them a fatherly mind and good. will, as to his children.
Mast. Doth it follow, on the contrary side, that God hateth them whose life is taken away quickly, or before their ordinary race of years is expired, or that be distressed with miseries and adversities of this world ?
Scho. Nothing less : but rather the dearlier that any man is beloved of God, he is commonly the more burdened with adversities, or is wont the sooner to remove out of this life, as he were delivered and let by God out of prison.
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Mast. Doth not this in the mean time seem to abate the truth and credit of God's promise ?
Scho. No. For when God doth promise us worldly good things he always addeth this exception, either expressly uttered or secretly implied ; that is, that the same be not unprofitable or hurtful to our souls. For it were against order and reason, if chief regard should not be had of the soul, tbat we may so either attain or lack worldly commodities as we may with blessedness enjoy eternal life for ever.
REFORMATIO LEGUM, &c.
Of Magistrates. Chap. 13.
It is necessary also to put an end to the wild infatuation of the Anabaptists, who deny that it is lawful for Christians to have a magistracy; as if, when Christ descended upon earth, he had abolished the administration of public justice. But, in fact, the Holy Spirit has declared princes and magistrates to be the ministers of God, that they may encourage the well-doing, and requite evil deeds with 'punishment. And these two securities are so essential in the conduct of human affairs, that if they were wanting, the greatest confusion would generally ensue.
Of Sacraments. i esim Pastors ought to visit the Afflicted. Chap. 9. met 2 The ministers of churches should diligently Profil visit the weak, the afflicted, and the sick ; and ce este support them, as much as possible, in their diffiuld be culties and dangers, by prayer and consolation.
What Matrimony is. Chap. 1.
Matrimony is a lawful contract, introducing and perfecting, by the command of God, a mu. tual and "perpetual alliance between man and woman; in which each gives to the other possession of the body, either for the obtaining of progeny, or for the avoiding of fornication, or for
the management of life by mutual assistance. to their Now we will, that from henceforward matrimony deur die should not be entered into with any promises or istraty contracts, how many soever, or whatever the the bed words used may be,--except it be with that form lic jde which we have taken care should be hereunto redpisi annexed,
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