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SIR WALTER RALEIGH AND HIS TIME.*
is stranger than
A trite remark. We all say it, again and again : but how few of us believe it ! How few of us, when we read the history of heroical times and heroical men, take the story simply as it stands.
On the contrary, we try to explain it away; to prove it all not to have been so very wonderful : to impute accident, circumstance, mean and commonplace motives; to lower every story down to the level of our own littleness, or what we (unjustly to ourselves, and to the God who is near us all) choose to consider our level ; to rationalize away all the wonders, till we make them at last impossible, and give up caring to believe them; and prove to our own melancholy satisfaction that Alexander conquered the world with a pin, in his sleep, by accident.
And yet in this mood, as in most, there is a sort of left-handed truth involved. These heroes are not so far removed from us, after all. They were men of like passions with ourselves, with the same flesh about them, the same spirit within them, the same world
* NORTH BRITISH REVIEW. No. XLV. 1. “Life of Sir Walter Raleigh.' By P. Fraser Tytler, F.R.S. London, 1853.—2. “Raleigh's Discovery of Guiana. Edited by Sir Robert Schomburgk. (Hakluyt Society), 1848.-3. ' Lord Bacon and Sir Walter Raleigh.' By M. Napier. Cambridge, 1853.—4. 'Raleigh's Works, with Lives by Oldys and Birch. Oxford, 1829.-5. Bishop Goodman's History of his own Times.' London, 1839.
outside, the same devil beneath, the same God above. They and their deeds were not so very wonderful. Every child who is born into the world is just as wonderful; and, for aught we know, might, mutatis mutandis, do just as wonderful deeds. If accident and circumstance helped them, the same may help us : have helped us, if we will look back down our years, far more than we have made use of.
They were men, certainly, very much of our own level : but may we not put that level somewhat too low? They were certainly not what we are; for if they had been, they would have done no more than
but is not a man's real level not what he is, but what he can be, and therefore ought to be ? No doubt they were compact of good and evil, just as we: but so was David, no man more; though a more heroical personage (save One) appears not in all human records ; but may not the secret of their success have been, that, on the whole (though they found it a sore battle), they refused the evil and chose the good ? It is true, again, that their great deeds may be more or less explained, attributed to laws, rationalized : but is explaining always explaining away? Is it to degrade a thing to attribute it to a law?
And do you do anything more by 'rationalizing men's deeds than prove that they were rational men ; men who saw certain fixed laws, and obeyed them, and succeeded thereby, according to the Baconian apophthegm, that nature is conquered by obeying her?
But what laws ?
To that question, perhaps, the eleventh chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews will give the best answer, where it says, that by faith were done all the truly great deeds, and by faith lived all the truly great men, who have ever appeared on earth.