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Vanities in divine service.
than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. 7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 8. There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches: neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good 7 This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail. 9 || Two are better than one ; because they have a good reward for their labour. 10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow : but wo to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up. 11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone * 12 And is one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. 13 || Better is a poor and a wise child, than an old and foolish king, who will no more be admonished. 14 For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also he that is born in his kingdom becometh poor. 15 I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand up in his stead. 16 There is no end of all the people, cen of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in §. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit. CHAP. W
AP. V. K EEP thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil. 2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thy heart be hasty to utter any thin before God: for God is in heaven, an thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few. 3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool's voice is known by multitude of words. 4. When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. 5 Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay. 6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thy hands? 7 For in the multitude of dreams and many words there are also divers vanities: but fear thou God. 8 * If thou seest o oppression of the so
poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for he that is higher than the highest regardeth ; and there be higher than they. 9 | Moreover the profit of the earth is § o the king himself is served by the field. 10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this is also vanity. 11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them: and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes? 12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much : but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep. 13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt. 14 But those riches perish by evil travail : and he begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand. 15 As he came forth of his mother’s womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand. 16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured for the wind? 17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness. 18 "I Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat, and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he to, under the sun all the days of his life, which God giveth him : for it is his portion. 19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gift of God. 20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth him in the joy of his heart. CHAP. VI. HERE is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men: - 2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease. 3 T. If a man beget a hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I
say, that an untimely birthis better than he 513
Remedies against vanity
4 For he comethin with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. 5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing : this hath more rest than the other. 6 || Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good : do not all go to one place? 7 All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled. 8 For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the poor, that knowets to walk before the living? , 9 T Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 10 That ...hich hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he. 11 "I Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better? 12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun? H.A.P. VII. A. GOOD name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth. 2 TT It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart. 3 Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better. 4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning ; but the heart of fools is in the house # mirth. 5. It is better to hear the rebuke of the *...* than for a man to hear the song of 00IS: 6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity. 7 TI Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift destroyeth the heart. 8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: , and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit. 9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for * resteth in the bosom of fools. 10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning this. 11 "I Wisdom is good with an inheritance : and by it there is profit to them that see the sun. 12. For wisdom is a defence, and money
is a defence : but the excellency of know
ECCLESIASTES. Difficulty of getting wisdom
ledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it. 13 Consider the work of God: for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked? 14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him. 15 All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness. 16 Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself? 17 Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time? 18 It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thy hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all. 19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city. 20 For there is not a just man uponr earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. 21 Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken ; lest thou hear thy serwant curse thee: 22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others. 23 TI All this have I proved by wisdom: Isaid, I will be wise; but it was far from me. 24 That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out? 25 I applied my heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness : 26 And I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets. and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her. 27 Behold, this have I found, saith the Preacher, counting one by one, to find out the account; 28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found ; but a woman among all those have I not found. 29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have seught out many inventions. CHAP. VIII. HO is as the wise man? and who knoweth the interpretation of a thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and the boldness of his face shall be changed.
God's works unsearchable.
2 I counsel thee to keep the king’s commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God. 3 Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him. 4. Where the word of a king is, there is power; and who may say unto him, What doest thou? 5 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing : and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment. 6 || Because to every purpose there is time and judgment, therefore the misery of man is great upon him. 7 For he knoweth not that which shall be : for who can tell him when it shall be? 8 There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit: neither hath he power in the day of death ; and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it. 9 All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun : there is a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt. 10 And so I saw the wicked buried who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city where they had so done: this is also vanity. 11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil. 12 || Though a sinner do evil a hundred times, and his days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God, which fear before him: 13 But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days, ~hich are as a shadow; |. he feareth not before God. 14 There is a vanity which is done upon the earth; that there be just men, unto whom it happeneth according to the work of the wicked: again, there be wicked zoem, to whom it happeneth according to the work of the righteous: I said that this also is vanity. 15 Then I commended mirth, because a man hath no better thing under the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: for that shall abide with him of his labour the days of his life, which God giveth him untier the sun. 16 7. When I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to see the business that is done upon the earth : (for also there is that neither day nor night seeth sleep with his eyes :) 17 Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun : because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it yea further; though a wise man
'isdom better than strength. think to know it, yet shall he not be able
to find it. CHAP. IX. OR all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is before them. 2 All things come alike to all : there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked; to the good, and to the clean, and to the unclean ; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not : as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath. 3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that *}. go to the dead. 4 T For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion. 5 For the living know that they shall die : but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. 6 Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun. 7 || Gothy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works. 8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment. 9 Livejoyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity; for that is th portion in this life, and in thy labour whic thou takest under the sun. 10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest. 11 * returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them als. 12 For man also ..., not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evi time, when it falleth suddenly upon them 13 || This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me: 14 There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it :
OOI. 4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences. o 5 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceedeth from the ruler: 6 Folly is set in great dignity, and the rich sit in low place. 7 I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth. 8 He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh a hedge, a serpent shall hite him. 9 Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt there with ; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby. 10 If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct. 11 Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment; and a babbler is no better. 12 The words of a wise man’s mouth are gracious; but the lips of a fool will swallow up himself. 13. The beginning of the words of his mouth is foolishness: and the end of his talk is mischievous madness. 14 A fool also is full of words: a man cannot tell what shall be ; and what shall be after him, who wantelihim? 15 The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, because he knoweth not how to go to the city. 16 Ti Wo to thee; Oland, when thy king is a child, and thy princes eat in the morning ! 17 Élised art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eatin due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness! 18 By much slothfulness the building
Directions for charity.
decayeth ; and through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through.
19 || A feast is made for laughter, and wine maketh merry: but money answereth all things.
20 of&mise not the king, no, not in th thought; and curse not the rich in o bedchamber: for a bird of the air shals c the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter. XI
AP. XI. CA. thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. 2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth. 3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be. 4 He that observeth the wind shall not sow ; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap. 5 As thou tower not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do groo in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all. 6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thy, hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good. 7 Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun: 8 But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many. All that cometh is vanity. 9 || Rejoice, O young man, in o * and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thy heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment. 10 Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity. HAP. XII. EMEMBER now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them; 2 While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain: 3 In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened, 4 And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is
low, and he shall op at the voice of the - 51
The Creator to be remembered. CHAP.
bird, and all the daughters of music shall be brought low ; 5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond-tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the Streets: 6 Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern. 7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. 8 * Vanity of vanities, saith the Preach
I, II. The church's love to Christ.
ledge: yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, and set in order many proverbs. 10 The Preacher sought to find out acceptable words: and that which was written, was upright, even words of truth. 11 The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one shep
12 And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the fiesh.
13 || Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.
er; all is vanity. 9 And moreover, because the Preacher was wise, he still taught the people know
14 For God shall bring every work into so with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.
T The Song of SOLOMON.
CHAP. I. THE of of songs, which is Solomon's. 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. 3 Because of the savour of thy good onntments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. A Draw me, we will run after thee: the King hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine : the upright love thee. 5 F. black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon. 6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were o with me; they made me the keeper of the vineards; but mine own vineyard have l not Kept. 7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions? 8 *| If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents. 9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's cha. riots. 10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold. ii. We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver. 12 || While the King sitteth at his table my spikenard sendeth forth the smel
unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts. 14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi. 15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes. 16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green. 17. The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir. CHAP. II. .1.M the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. 2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters. 3. As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste. 4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love. 5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love. 6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me. 7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please. 8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hill. 9 My beloved is like a roe, or a youn hart: behold, he standeth behind our wail, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice. 10 My beloved spake, and said unto
me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and
13 A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved come away.