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Bishop of Lichfield. In 1781, the decay of nere cognovimus. Quare non modo eum lauhis sight, which ended at last in total blind- dare, sed assiduis etiam orationibus precibusque ness, prevented his acceptance of the Bish- nostris fovere nunquam prætermittimus. Imo opric of Gloucester, to which the King, with- Deum optimum maximum vehementer obsecra

mus, ut qui adeò tendentes non deserit, eos in out solicitation, had nominated him, on the sancto proposito confirmet, ac uberi cælestium death of Warburton. He died in 1795, leav- | benedictionum rore profundat.: ing behind the character of “a sincere In the King's hand.-R. W. and exemplary Christian, a sound and accurate scholar, a strenuous and able defender Heyne, to whom the King alludes in the of the Christian religion, and of the Church following letter, was professor of poetry and of England."

eloquence in the University of Gottingen.

Having the literary industry common to his MY GOOD LORD,—On Monday I wrote to the learned countrymen, he wrote several Archbishop of Cantenbury my inclination to grant derous quartos, all of which are to be found Dr. Balguy a dispensation from performing the in the King's Library. strict residence required by the Statutes of the

We would particularly request the attenChapter of Winchester, provided the archbishop tion of our readers to the just sentiments and the bishop of the diocese (whom I desired him to consult) saw no objection in this particular expressed by the King on war, and the educase to such an indulgence. On Wednesday the cation of the people. archbishop told me he had followed my

directions, and that he and the bishop agreed in the proprie

Windsor, July 23rd, 1782. ty of the step, and thanked me for having first My gooD LORD,-It is with infinite satisfaction asked their opinion, which must prevent this caus- I received on Sunday your letter; by which I ing any improper precedent. I have now direct- find that at last the German books, wrote in Lated Lord Shelburne to have the dispensation pre- in, and collected by Professor Heyne, by my dipared for my signature. You may, therefore, now rections, for you, are arrived at Hartlebury. I communicate my intention to Dr. Balguy. shall certainly continue to authorize him to send

I have also acquainted the new lord steward of any others that he may think, from their subjects the right of the deputy clerk of the closet to dine or styles, likely to meet with approbation. I own at the chaplain's table, and his servant to dine the reputation of the University of Gottingen I with the servants. You may therefore acquaint have much at heart, from an idea that, if ever the deputy clerk of the closet in waiting of things mankind reflect, they must allow that those who being now put on the same foot as previous to the encourage religion, virtue, and literature, deserve dispute with Lord Talbot.

GEORGE R. as much solid praise as those who disturb the Queen's House, May 10th, 1782.

world, and commit all the horrors of war to gain

the reputation of being heroes. I enclose the oration held by the Pope at days, and no change can be expected but by can

Indeed, my good lord, we live in unprincipled Vienna, when he gave the cardinal's hat to early attention to the education of the rising gentwo who had been long nominated, but could eration. Where my opinion must be of weight, not receive that mark of their advancement, -I mean, in my electoral dominions,—it shall be not having before been in his presence. I be the chief object of my care; and, should it be lieve Cicero would not have acknowledged crowned with success, it may incline others to folhim for a disciple.

low the example,

I now come to a part of your letter that gave Allocutio Sanctissimi Domini Papa Pii VI. re

me much concern; but should at the same time citata in publico consistorio quod habuit Vindo- fear the relapse of poor Dr. Arnold: his conduct

have felt hurt if you had not informed me of. I bonc, in Aula Imperiali, die xix Aprilis, 1782.

during the time he attended you seemed as favor“ Antequam consistoriali huic actioni finem im- able as any of us could desire. I still hope he ponamus, quæ latere neminem oportet, ex hoc loco

will soon be reinstated; and I trust you will not præterire silentio noluinus. Gratum quippe nobis long leave me in suspense upon a subject that

not fuit, imperatoriam majestatem, quam semper mag only ingenious, but perfectly upright, and, as

greatly interests me, for I ever thought hin ni fecimus, coram intueri, ipsumque Cæsarem per- such, I have a very sincere regard for him. Examanter complecti. Pro muneris nostri ratione sæpe eum alloquuti sumus, et plurimum in eo ur

cept the Queen, no one here has the smallest susbanitatis, qua nos augusto domicilio suo honori- picion of his having a fresh attack, which is an fice excepit, et liberali quotidie officio habuit, sin

attention* I am certain he every way deserves. gularem quoque in Deum devotionem, præstan

I hope your visitation will be attended with as tiam ingenii, summumque in rebus agendis studi

fine weather as we have enjoyed since the violent um admirari debuimus. Neque minori solatio paternum animum nostrum erexit Pietas et Religio, * Sic. in MS. What was the matter with Dr. quam in splendida hac urbe, et populis in itinere Arnold, physically, mentally, or morally, I have not nobis occurrentibus, sartam incorruptamque ma- been able to ascertain,

a man.

rain on Tuesday night, and the whole of Wednes- The letter from the Queen, which we subday. I shall ever remain, my good Lord, join, is another evidence of the vivacity of Your very affectionate friend,

her talent. Having given to Hurd her copy

GEORGE R. To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, at Hartlebury in the King's library. There is, however, a

of the essay, no wonder we do not find one Castle, Worcestershire.

copy in the British Museum. The two following letters show the King in a most amiable light, both as a father and Essay on the Immortality of the Soul, which I re

The book which accompanies this note is an Prince Octavius died on the 3rd of ceived on Saturday last." It appears to be against May, 1783.

Mr. Hume's, Voltaire's, and Rousseau's princi

ples, and chiefly against the first of these authors. Windsor, Aug. 20th, 1782. As I am not in the least acquainted with the My good LORD,— There is no probability, and writings of those unhappy men, I must beg the indeed, scarce a possibility, that my youngest | bishop to give me his opinion upon this little tract, child can survive this day. The knowing you

as the author of it will not publish his name until are acquainted with the tender feelings of the he knows the reception of it by some able and unQueen's heart, convinces me you will be uneasy derstanding men. till apprized that she is calling the only solid as- I do also send the letter of the author, who apsistant under affliction, religion, to her assistance. pears modest and well meaning, and more should She feels the peculiar goodness of Divine Provi- be said about him, I believe, but the dedication dence in never having before put her to so severe being to me, I might be suspected of being guided a trial, though she has so numerous a family, I by flattery. You know I hate bribery and cordo not deny. I also write to you, my good lord, ruption; but being corrupted by flattery is worse as a balm to my mind; as I have not you present than money, as it is an open avowal of a corto converse with, I think it the most pleasing oc- rupted heart, and I hope you do not suspect me of cupation by this means to convey to you that I that. place my confidence that the Almighty will never I shall be glad to hear of your being well after fill my cup of sorrow fuller than I can bear; and, the fatigue of yesterday.

CHARLOTTE. when I reflect on the dear cause of our tribula- Queen's House, March 29th, 1784. tion, I consider his change to be so gre for his advantage, that I sometimes think it unkind to wish his recovery had been effected. And, children—the Duke of York, the Duke of

Here is the King's estimate of three of his when I take this event in another point of view, and reflect how much more miserable it would Sussex, and the Duke of Cambridge: have been to have seen him lead a life of pain, and perhaps end thus at a more mature age,


Windsor, July 80th, 1786. also confess that the goodness of the Almighty appears strongly in what certainly gives me great quarterly messenger, some printed copies of the

My gooD LORD,--Yesterday I received, by the concern, but might have been still more severe.

three successful prize dissertations from Gottin

G. R. To the Lord Bishop of Worcester.

gen, as also the speech of the pro-rector on declaring to who the prizes are adjudged; Doctor

Langford going to-morrow to Worcester, I take My gooD LORD,—The humanity which is not this favorable opportunity of sending a copy of among the least auspicious of your excellent each for you. The medal for the Theological qualities, would, I am persuaded, make you feel Discourse is now undertaken by Mr. Birch; it for the present distress in which the Queen and I will be double the weight of the other ; on one are involved, had you not the farther incitement side will be my profile, as on the other medal, the of a sincere attachment to us both. The little ob

reverse is to be taken from the seal he cut some ject we are deploring was known to you, and con- years past for you: as soon as the drawing is presequently his merits; therefore you will not be pared I will send it for your opinion. surprised that the blow is strong: We both call

My accounts from Gottingen, of the little col. on the sole assistant to those in distress, the dic

ony I have sent there, is very favorable : all three tates of religion. I have proposed to the Queen,

seem highly delighted and pleased with those that and she approves of it, that I should desire you to have the inspection of them; but what pleases me come on Saturday, and bring Mr. Fisher with

most is the satisfaction they express at the course you, that, on Sunday, in my chapel in the Castle, of theology they have begun with Professor Less we may have the comfort of hearing you preach, - Professor Heyne gives them lessons in the and receiving from your hands the holy commu- classics, and has an assistant for the rougher nion. I think this a very proper time for renew- work; they learn history, geography, moral philoing the baptismal vow; and, though greatly sophy, mathematics, and experimental philosophy, grieved, I feel true submission to the decrees of so that their time is fully employed; I think Providence, and great thankfulness for having en- Adolphus at present seems the favorite of all, joyed for four years that dear infant.

which from his lively manner is natural, but the GEORGE R.

good sense of Augustus will in the end prove con. Windsor, May 6th, 1788.

spicuous. That Adolphus should have gained


Frederick could not be otherwise, as in stature, Frederick will return, from whom I have great features, and manner, I never saw two persons so reason to expect much comfort. The accounts much resemble each other: may the younger one of the three at Gottingen are very favorable: the do so in the qualities of the heart, which I have youngest has written to me to express a wish to every reason to flatter myself.

be publicly examined by the two curators of that On Friday I saw Major-General Budé, who university on the commemoration in September, told me the disagreeable giddiness you complained when it will have subsisted fifty years. I have of the last winter is much abated; I trust it will taken the hint, and have directed all three to be enable you, in the autumn, to ride constantly, as examined on that solemn occasion. that is the best of all remedies. I hope to hear I ever remain, my good lord, from you how you approve of the small tracts I

Yours most affectionately, now send you.

GEORGE R. Believe me ever, my good lord, yours most The Lord Bishop of Worcester, Hartlebury Castle. affectionately,


The seven succeeding letters call for no To the Lord Bishop of Worcester.

comment. The next letter requires no explanation.

Windsor, the 30th Feb., 1787.

My LORD, As I am perfectly unacquainted Windsor, Sept. 2nd, 1786.

with the name of the college, in where young MY GOOD LORD,—Yesterday I received from Griffith pursued his studies, and therefore less Birch the design for the reverse of the theologi- capable of applying to any body about his characcal prize medal, which I now communicate to you. ter, I take the liberty of making him the bearer The only alterations I have proposed are, that the of this letter, in order that he may answer for cross shall not appear so well finished, but of himself, totally relying on your goodness that in ruder workmanship, and the name of the univer- case he should, after inquiry, not be found what sity as well as the year placed at the bottom as

he ought to be, you will forget the application on the other medal.

entirely. All I know of him is, that he bears the We have had some alarm in consequence of a character of a modest and sober young man, that spasmodic attack on the breast of Elizabeth, which

he behaved extremely well to his mother, who was occasioned some inflammation, but by the skill of the Duke of York's nurse, and that he is desirous Sir George Baker she is now perfectly recovered,

of being employed in his profession whenever he and in a few days will resume riding on horseback, I will now only add, my thanks for your which has certainly this summer agreed well with kindness in this affair, and I rejoice to hear that her.

you are a little better, the continuance of which I am glad to find by a letter, which Mrs.

nobody can more sincerely wish than your friend, Delany has had from Mr. Montagu, that you

CHARLOTTE. are preparing to do the same, as I am certain it to the Bishop of Worcester. will contribute to your health, which I flatter myself is improved by your proposing to attempt My LORD,-I never wished so much to exercise it this season.

my power and commands as to-day, but I hope Believe me ever, my good lord, yours most af- you will believe me, when I say, that this desire fectionataly,

does not arise from any tyrannical inclination, but GEORGE R.

from a real regard for you. The wintery feel of To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,

this day makes me desirous of preventing your Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.

exposing yourself to-morrow inorning at court,

where I could only see, but not enjoy your comWe cannot but perceive in the following pany, which pleasure I beg to have any other day, letter how dear to the king's heart was na- when less inconvenient and less pernicious to tional education. Would that the present your health. Government had the power, or those who

CHARLOTTE. exercise authority over the people, the will,

Queen's House, the 17th of January, 1788.

To the Bishop of Worcester. to carry out the wishes of this (sometimes called) narrow-minded and bigoted Monarch.

G. R. Slo, 3 o'clock.

Madam,–I cannot express the sense I have of Windsor, July 29th, 1787. your Majesty's gracious command to me not to MY GOOD LORD,—Having learned from Dr. appear at court to-morrow. But for this once, I Langford that he sets out to-morrow for Worces- hope your Majesty will pardon me, if I am not ter, I cannot omit so favorable an opportunity of inclined to yield obedience to it. I have been so inquiring after your health. I shall to-morrow well as to take an airing this day, which ocattend the speeches at Eton, as I wish from time casioned me to be from home when the messenger to time to show a regard for the education of

I will, therefore, with your Majesty's youth, on which most essentially depends my good leave, attempt to join my brethren to-morrow hopes of an advantageous change in the manners in the joyful office of the day; and I assure myself of the nation. You may easily imagine that I am the occasion will give me spirits enough to go not a little anxious for the next week, when through it without inconvenience-only it is pos


an answer.

sible, Madam, I may so far take the benefit of

I thought it right to command the your Majesty's indulgence as not to venture into dean and chapter for the new regulation, by which the crowded drawing-room afterward. But even a more constant attendance is required, and this will be a liberty I shall allow myself very hoping that it would stimulate the rest of the unwillingly.

clergy to what is so essential a part of their duty. I am, with all possible respect, Madam, your The cathedral is truly beautiful. I am to attend Majesty's most obliged and most obedient servant, Divine service there on Sunday. To-morrow is

R. W. the visit to Croombe, which enables me to fix on

Saturday, the 2nd of August, for visiting HartleWindsor, June 8th, 1783. bury Castle, where any arrangements for the 6th My Good LORD,--Having had rather a smart at Worcester may be explained. All here are bilious attack, which, by the goodness of Divine well, and insisted on seeing yesterday the room Provider:ce, is quite removed Sir George Baker Dr. Hurd used to inhabit at Gloucester: the has strongly recommended to me the going for bishop was obliged to explain Lord Mansfield's a month to Cheltenham, as he thinks that water prediction on the mitre over the chimney. Had efficacious on such occasions, and that he thinks they always been so properly bestowed, the digan absence from London will keep me free from nity of the Church would have prevented the certain fatigues thai attend long audiences: I multitude of sectaries. shall therefore go there on Saturday. I am Believe me ever your most affectionate friend, certain you know the regard that both the queen

GEORGE R. and I have for you, and that it will be peculiarly To the Lord Bishop of Worcester, agreeable to u. to see you at Hartlebury. I shall Hartlebury Castle. certainly omit the waters some morning to undertake so charming a party: but that you may

My LORD,—When I was last night with the know the whole of my schemes, besides getting king, he inquired very anxiously after you, and that day a breakfast there, I mean to remind you

seemed pleased to hear of your having been at that feeding the hungry is among the Christian Kew to inform ourself after him. He also gave duties, and that, therefore, when I shall visit the me the sermon for you of Mr. Thomas Willis, cathedral on the day of the sermon for the benefit and ordered me to send it as soon as possible, of the children of the clergy of the thr e choirs, and to express how much he wished to know --which Dr. Langford, as one of the stewards, your opinion about it. I am likewise to introduce will get advanced to Wednesday the 6th of this new acquaintance of ours to you, which I August (as I shall return on the oth to Wind- shall do by a letter t'ırough him, and I hope, nay, sor,)--I shall hope to have a little cold meat at I am pretty sure that you will like him, as he your palace before I return to Cheltenham on really is a very modest man, and by his conduct Friday the 8th. I shall also come to the per- in this house gains everybody's approbation. ! formance of the “Messiah,” and shall hope to am sorry to hear that your visit at Kew should have the same hospitable assistance; both days have proved so painful to you as to give you the I shall come to the episcopal palace sufficiently gout, but hope to hear that it is not a very severe early that I may from thence be in the cathedral attack.

CHARLOTTE. by the time appointed for the perforniances in the church. The post waits for my letter, I there

MY GOOD LORD,—This letter was wrote yesterfore can only add that I ever remain, with true day, but no opportunity found to send it; the

consequence of which is, that the sermon is regard, and, I may say, affection, My good lord, truly your good friend,

brought by its author, whom I hope you will apGeorge R.

Kew, the 7th Feb., 1789.
To the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester,
Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.

My LORD,—The bearer of this is the young

man in whose behalf you spoke to the Bishop of Cheltenham, July 25th, 1789. Bath and Wells. Would you be so kind, with My good LORD,—Imagining you would like to your usual goodness, to direct him what further hear how the visit to Gloucester had succeeded, steps he must take to be introduced to the bishop, I deferred writing till I returned from thence. It and also to give him good advice about his future is impossible for more propriety to have been conduct in life. In doing that, you will greatly shown than both by the bishop and Mr. Holdfast. | oblige

Your sincere friend, His speech in his own name and that of the dean

CHARLOTTE. and chapter and clergy of the diocese was very Queen's House, the 8th of April, 1789. proper, and he seemed not to object to my having To the Bishop of Worcester.

prove of.

From the Standard of freedom.


The following document has been issued III. The internal reforms wbich they by the London Hungarian Committee: desire were chiefly the following : To remove

1. Hungary is an ancient constitutional or lessen the distinctions between the privimonarchy, which used to elect its kings. leged and unprivileged classes, and improve Every new king was solemnly crowned with the principles of taxation and of the tenure the crown of St. Stephen, after taking the of land. Next, to extend perfect toleration coronation oath on Hungarian soil, in which of religious creed to all. The high Magyar he swore to uphold the constitution. In the nobility are generally Roman Catholics, yet year 1687 the royalty was made hereditary they have been as willing to concede tolin the family of Hapsburg; but, so far was eration as the lower nobility and middle Hungary from becoming a province of Aus- classes, who are generally Protestants. tria, to this year not a single Austrian has Thirdly, to establish free trade with all nabeen allowed to hold office in the Hungarian tions. For the Austrian cabinet choose to kingdom. An Austrian is a foreigner in Hun- confine this great country to Austria for its garian law and practice.

market, while treating Hungarian produce as II. The kings of the house of Hapsburg foreign. Fourthly, to maintain a free press, have, notwithstanding, made various attempts and the right especially of publishing the deto overthrow the liberties of Hungary. Af- bates and proceedings of the Diet. Fifthly, ter repeated attempts to fuse Hungary into in general to develop the great resources of Austria, and repeated insurrections, a Hungary by all sorts of material improvelong struggle, begun by Leopold I., was ment in agriculture, in roads, in bridges. ended in 1711 by Joseph I., who was con- To this, of late, has been added a struggle strained to confirm the old constitution. for general education. Again, by the efforts of Joseph II. to en- IV. One mode of resistance applied by force the German language, and suppress Austria, was to extinguish parliamentary the municipalities, a revolt was kindled, , bills by the velo of the crown; the fear of which his successor, Leopold II., finally pa- which paralyzed the upper house--a body cified (in 1790) only by withdrawing all his always naturally disposed to lean to Austria. brother's innovations, and making a pecu- Against this the Hungarians had no adeliarly distinct avowal, that (Art. 10) “ Hun- quate constitutional weapon to use, since the gary, with her appanages, is a free king- Austrian cabinet was not responsible to the dom, and in regard to her whole legal form Hungarian Diet. The often repeated legal of government (including all the tribunals) declaration of their independence, and in parindependent; that is, entangled with no ticular the distinct compact of Leopold II. other kingdom or people; but having her in 1790–91, justified them in desiring, by own peculiar consistence and constitution, peaceful and constitutional means, to attain accordingly, to be governed by her legiti- an independent ministry directly responsible mately crowned king, after her peculiar laws to their own parliament. and customs.” Nevertheless, Francis I. V. Such a ministry had been long talked dared to violate his coronation oath, by not of and claimed in the Diet. In fact, the conassembling the Diet from 1811 to 1825. At servative party and the opposition had diflast he was compelled to give way by the fered little as to the objects at which they passive resistance to all government. From aimed, but chiefly as to the vehemence with that year onward the Hungarians have strug- which they should press them; the consergled successfully for internal reforms by vatives pleading to "give time” to the Ausconstitutional methods, though perpetually trian cabinet. But in March, 1848, the conthwarted by the bigotry, ignorance, and per- servatives, as a separate party, vanished, by verse ambition of the Austrian cabinet or the great mass of them acceding to the op

position. Kossuth carried a unanimous vote,


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