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horse, and calling him to stop. After a sled and horse were prepared to convey him home, and they had proceeded a few rods, he breathed his last; and at that moment, his mother made her appearance, wringing her hands and half distracted exclaimed “oh George my son! my son! would to God I could call you to life again! I think you would take my advice hereafter; but this I cannot do, you are gone, yes gone forever,” she then lifted her hands towards heaven and said roh my son! could I but have the hope that your soul was at rest, but this alas! alas !” she could utter no more but swooned away in a fit of despair. This was a most heart breaking scene, and horse racing has but seldom been practised in that vicinity to this day.
I cannot forbear mentioning the following circumstance which took place in one of the western counties of the state of Pennsylvania a few years ago : In the fall of 1827 horse racing was introduced. The preacher of the place immediately raised his voice against it; pointing out the many evil consequences that would attend such a wicked practice. However, it appeared laughable to some and offended others. One young horse keeper especially, said, he would do with his property as he chose, and as he had to feed his horses he intended to practice horse racing as much as he pleased; regardless of all the preacher could say to the contrary. Consequently, he, with a few others continued the practice against all the warnings, admonitions and entrea. ties of the preacher and elders of the church, until August 1828, when this young horse keeper with some of his companions started to go to à neighboring village, and when starting his wife followed him to the door, entreating him to leave off such a dangerous practice, as racing. He only laughed at her and said, it was the influence of the preacher which caused her to talk so silly.. On his way to the village he, and one of his fellows determined to try the speed of their horses, and in doing so his horse left the road and dashed him with great violence against a tree, which caused him to fall apparently lifeless to the ground. After a few minutes he rose on his feet and exclaimed “oh Lord! if I live to get over this I never will practise horse racing again.” Then sinking to the ground he said no more and expired in a few minutes. His body was taken home a corpse to his widow and two little children, whom he had left but a few hours before in the prime of life and the enjoyment of health. The preacher was called on to attend his funeral, which he did, and preached a sermon from the following words: “The harvest is past, the summer is ended and we are not saved”'' (Jer. 8, 20.) The writer of this followed the three above mentioned unhappy men to their graves and saw them interred.
TEMPERANCE. That for a number of years, intemperance increased in our beloved country, is a most lamentable truth. In a number of States, a distille. ry has been erected by many farmers, on their respective farms, from which an immense quantity of whiskey and apple-brandy found its way to the different markets. The business became at length so profitable, and the thirst for something more rough than water increased, to such a degree, that many became intent, upon producing liquor,
which would inebriate, and yet yield a profit to the distillers, though sold at a very reduced price. The labouring class of society were most essentially injured, for from the cheapness of liquor, they adopted the custom of taking frequent drams and at all hours. Others, more wealthy imperceptibly adopted a similar cause, and increased the quantity of brandy or wine, or both, to be “poured down their throats."
As we cannot regulate our appetites and inclinations without the grace of God-without the influence and guidance of the Holy Ghost, many moral and correct men, became enslaved, and gradually sunk into degradation. The moment their appetites obtained a gratification, they were called upon again and again, and as creatures without the power of ratiocination, yielded, to the abuse of the gifts of God, carrying destruction into their families, depriving society of their services, and diminishing the number of candidates for the kingdom of heaven.
Since the majority of mankind, resist the operations of the Holy Spirit, and consequently the influence of the Gospel, some other 'method has been loudly called for, to preserve men against intemperance, who, being without vital religion, cannot in an ordinary manner, control themselves.
"Temperance societies, appear to answer the purpose, in an eminent. degree, to prevent men from becoming bad citizens, brutes and miserable wretches. The members obligate themselves, to abstain entire ly from the use of ardent spirits, and though they may not really be Christians, yet pledging their honor to adhere strictly to the rules of the society, they taste not, and hence will not become drunkards. A number, who would not endure pure spring water, without adding an equal or greater quantity of ardent spirits, now, at least publicly, are temperate and sustain a good character. But a latitude is still allowed, which in time will be found an impediment, at least in controling the richer class of society, among whom many are found, "whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle.” We mean, that the use of all, strong beer and wine is not prohibited also. For either, intoxicates when drank immoderately, and such examples are alas numerous, that persons tasting either and having it within their reach, continue sipping, until they are drunk the whole afternoon or during the whole night.
But the progress and influence of the temperance cause will gradually embrace all inclined to slavery, for already do we see powerful and pathetic speeches, delivered against the use of ardent spirits, by such who drank freely, brandy, whiskey, punch &c. & found themselves, unable to resist an increased thirst. They found themselves rapidly marching into the abyss of destruction, and halted at once! Men and women, whose hearts are the dwelling place of the Lord Jesus Christ
who watch and pray, are controlled by the highest power, and are temperate in all things. Whether "they eat or drink,” they do it to the honor and glory of God. And, although they may not actually and formally, subscribe the articles of an association, yet when they are commanded to promote the cause of their Lord, they readily desert if requisite, Father, Mother, all and every thing dear to them on earth.
Temperance, or rather abstinence from ardent spirits, ale, wine &c. should not however be considered as a discharge of the whole duty incumbent upon those who have no control over their appetites. The principle should be carried to every thing, which is about to enslave them. Whatever any one finds, that may undermine his health, and actually is abused by him, if he tastes, should be abandoned. Every smoker, or chewer, or snuffer of tobacco, as soon as he discovers, that he is so enslaved as to go to excess, should abstain at once, and entirely. But, we will close our remarks for the present and take up the subject at a future day. In the mean time, an attention to these, may prove profitable.-- Editor.
EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH. We occasionally meet with a brief notice of our Church, in different religious Periodicals, which evidently prove, that many of our Christian brethren of other Churches, have but a very indistinct view, and erroneous impressions, as to the extent and doctrines of our Church in the United States. As we publish documents from time to time, which in conjunction, would enable all to write a correct history, we have convinced ourselves, that the incorrect statements published occasionally, are produced by detached parts, coming into the hands of 'ifferent gentlemen.
It is perfectly characteristic of our Church, not to attract the attention of man. Whether we be viewed as possessing wealth, or not whether we be extensive and enabled to rank literary men among us or not, is a matter of indifference to us generally, and hence we selelom dwell upon the subject. But, as we have seen statements, made with a design to give correct information of the different denominations, we shall no doubt confer a favor upon the writers, to point out errors, into which they have fallen. The following remarks will answer the purpose.
The Lutherans are not found, only in Pennsylvania, although in that state they are most numerous, but they have many well organized Churches in New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Alabama, Indiana and Illinois. In the state of Georgia, they were found, among the first colonists. At Ebenezer and Savannah (Geo.) we have respecble and flourishing Churches.
There are at this time to our knowledge) 205 officiating Ministers, attached to different Synods, viz. Synod, of New York, East Pennsylvania, West Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia. Each of these Synods convenes annually.
The General Synod is composed of Clerical and Lay Delegates, from the different Synods that deem it expedient to connect themselves with it, and convene at least once in three years. There are near twelve hundred organized Lutheran Churches in the United States. Two flourishing Seminaries viz. at Gettysburg Pa. and at Hartwick N. York, prove, that attention is paid to a preparation of pious persons, for the Ministry. The Professors and teachers of both, are acknowledged to be scholars. The Theological library at Gettysburg is the largest in the United States, amounting to more than 6000 volumeş. Missionary and Education societies have been established, not only in Pennsylvania, as we have seen it stated, but in New York, the 'Lutherans are very active, and in Maryland, in North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Ohio & Tennessee, Missionary and Education societies are in a flourishing condition. Many other benevolent institutions exist among us, and the cause of the Redeemer, seems to be prospering within our bounds at this time, in an unprecedented degree. We are not confined in our views of religion, (especially of nonessentials,by human laws and creeds. The Bible is our guide, and the study of it we conceive ourselves at liberty to approach, untrammeled by the shackels of human creeds; and hence, the general, firm, and ardent attachment to the church existing among its members, is not to be ascribed, to any cause invented by man. The cardinal views of the immortal Luther obtain generally among us, and according to the language of the Pastoral Address, of our General Synod. “It is required of those who are attached to us that they hold the fundamental doctrines of the Gospel as taught in the Augsburg Confession, and in all minor points leaves them unrestricted. On the one hand we are not able to go with those, who renounce unconditionally all creeds and confessions, because we cannot see how Socinians could be effectually excluded from the Church without them. But we feel well as
'tering far too much into minor ramifications of doctrine, and attaching too great importance to subordinate and even doubtful points, have cherished in the most direct manner, and from their very nature must cherish the unhallowed spirit of bigotry and sectarianism."-Editor..
The Treasurer of the Missionary and Education Society of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, of Maryland and Virginia, acknow. ledges the receipt of the following sums.
January 22, 1830. ; From an unknown individual at Boonsborough, From several friends at
do. From the Rev. Mr. Morris, of Baltimore,
. 10 LEWIS MEDTART, Treasurer. THE LADIES OF WINCHESTER, VA.
The Rev. L. Eichelberger of Winchester takes this method of acknowledging the sum of 20 dollars from the female part of his congre- t gation, for the purpose of constituting him a life member of the American Tract Society. Also, by the same, a beautiful bound copy of the new Hymn Book, for the use of the pulpit in the Lutheran Church.
(The above is praiseworthy. This will make upwards of 70 dollars recently raised by the ladies of our congregation in Winchester, for the most excellent of objects, $50 in aid of our Evangelical Missionary Society in our own church, and 20 in aid of the cause of Tracts. Let the females of every congregation go and do likewise.)
LETTER OF MARTIN LUTHER. We have translated the following letter from the Latin edition of the works of Luther. It contains advice of considerable importance. It is also interesting by its allusions to the theme, which was all absorbing to the mind of the Reformer-justification by faith,
At the close of the letter is the following note in manuscript German - Quarterly Register.
"From Dr. Martin Luther's hitherto unpublished Letters,” edited from the autographs by Schultze, Leipsic, Weygard, publisher, vol. 3, page 256.
TRANSLATION. Luther's Advice in regard to the Method of sacred Studies. Read the Old Testament as carefully as possible, twice or thrice, from the beginning to the end. Delay a long time on the prophets. Then repair to the New Testament. Examine particularly how it agrees with the Old Testament. Observe in what manner all the prophets bear witness concerning Christ. When that is done, turn to the epistles of Paul. Gain as intimate and thorough acquaintance as may be with the epistle to the Romans in connexion with that to the Galatians. All the questions which occur, as well as the more diffi. cult passages in the Scriptures generally explain by these two epistles. Regard the epistle to the Hebrews as showing the import of the different rites, allegories, figures, images, and sacrificial observances. Read our books, comparing them with the writings of our opponents; test both by the Scripture, and try them by that as by a touchstone. The meaning of both sides being well apprehended, imagine that one is your opponent, and againsi him write privately for the sake of the exercise. Embellish your writings from logic, rhetoric, and other polite arts. When the divine Word has been well established in your mind, it will be of no disservice to add the ancient fathers; also look over the decrees of the Pope, and see in what manner they have departed imperceptibly from the faith; because, leaving the subject of justification, they have involved themselves in the business of the world.,
MARTIN LUTHER, Doctor.
We extract the following from "The Friend,” a religious and Li-, terary Journal, published in Philadelphia. We recommend an attentive perusal of it, to our people generally-Editor.
THE WATCHMAN. Although I have restricted myself, in great measure, to observations on the lesser morals of life, I never meant to banish from this series of essays, the consideration of questions of more general and momentous interest. I have lately been beguiling the tedium of a rainy evening, by musing upon the nature and force of those ties that bind mankind together into communities. It is a subject well worthy of exam. ination for from them proceed, as from a common source, the true principles of government, the rights of the civil power, and the privi