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terally laden with bales of indulgences, destined for South America? Or is this all new to him?
What principle has contributed more than any other, to throw down the barriers between contending sects, to extinguish the animosities of conflicting opinions, and to combine in one vast body the whole population of the Protestant world ? Is it not the principle that the Bible in its sanctity and majesty is equally the defence and treasure and privilege of every believer in Christ? What institution pervades the whole nation-exists in every town-has its branch in every hamlet-draws its resources from every cottage? It is that association which maintains as its great principle, that the Bible, without note or comment, is the most precious gift of God to man. Can it then Sir, be a subject of surprise that that Church which in a greater or less degree would lock up, instead of disseminating, this sacred volume,-that that Church whose Minister, in the present age, in our own country, in this very city, amidst the universal and devout zeal for the promulgation of the inspired volume, can with unhallowed hands commit to the flames a volume, which was perhaps, the purchase of the savings of some widow's or orphan's piety,—the tribute of humble devotion to the great and holy cause Christianity? Can it, I say, be a subject of surprise, that this Church is forsaken? That this Church is esteemed the parent of darkness; and ignorance? that the merits of this Church in an enlightened republic, whose citizens investigate and judge for themselves, should, through the medium of Periodical publications, be the subject of a candid and liberal, but yet close, and not timiil discussion?
[To be continued in our next.]
WAS LUTHER AN ABSOLUTE PREDESTINARIAN? We have lately been desired to shew, that Luther was not an absolute Predestinarian. We thought the question had been put to rest, by a series of numbers which we published in the first and second volumes of the Intelligencer, upon this subject. Whoever reads them attentively, must be convinced at once, that Luther was not an absolute Predestinarian. It was our intention to publish this masterly investigation as it appeared in the Intelligencer, and which was furnished us, by the late Rev. Dr. Endress, in a separate volume, but for want of a sufficient number of subscribers to defray the necessary expenses, we were compelled to abandon the project. We have however a few copies of the Intelligencer, containing it, on band, and should be pleased to loan them, or dispose of them at the subscription price, to any person, desirous of being convinced, that Luther did not teach and inculcate the doctrine of election and reprobation, but that he was much opposed to it. He was not, however, an Arminian, "for the Arminians are a party who seceded from the Calvinists, and adopted sentiments on the subject in some degree, resembling those of the Lutherans, but going beyond them, as men will, for the most part do, when flying off from an extreme in opinion.-Editor.
In our remarks upon the errors of Popery, and occasional extracts from different Periodicals upon the alarming efforts of Je. suits, we had in view nothing more nor less, than to rouse Protestants from their lethargy, so as to preserve their liberties-the cause of the Bible, and to guard their children against the snares about to be prepared for them. In plain language, the scheme of Jesuïts, to obtain the superintendence of the education of the rising generation, we abhor. To prevent Protestants from intrusting Jesuits with the education of their children, we have given our readers an idea of this order of men, and also of the faith of Papists.
We rejoice, that our course of proceeding, has not only been afproved of, but that attempts to arrest the progress of light, by lectures in a Mass-House, which consist of condemning Luther-personal attacks against us, equivocation and contradictions, have disgusted even some, who heretofore felt some attachment to the Romish church. They have been startled by the Jesuitical remarks; “We are called Romans—the Roman Catholic church. Strange !_why the Roman church is in Rome, &c.” when actually in their confession of faith, Catholics declare, that they owe obedience to the Pope, that the Roman Catholic church is the mistress of all churches, and, that there is no salvation out of it.
We shall not, because Luther is calumniated, and unfounded accusations are brought against him, especially as to his motives in seceding from the Ancient Domain” introduce the characters of inany · Popes, as admitted to be awfully bad, nor will we speak of their children. We have no idea of doing good by mere crimination and recrimination. Jesuitical lectures may be continued for ought we care ad infinitum-the people are now in possession of many important facts, and if our Sunday schools, Tract and Bible societies are duly sustained, both monsters, Infidelity and Superstin tion will be so enfeebled as to prove quite harmless. We have some facts, and a renunciation of Popery, occurrences in this place, that shall appear by and bye.
The “Protestant is published weekly in New York, and is devoted entirely to the cause of Protestantism against Romanism. The Jesuitical remarks as to its character, will be duly appreciated, when it is read with attention. We recommend to Protestants generally, to sustain the work. It is recommended by many of the most learned and pious of all Protestant denominations. We are held responsible it seems, for a piece or two that lately appeared in the Protestant. We would have no objections to let the insinuations pass for what they are worth, but, as we never have written a word for the pages of the Protestant, as nothing has ever appeared in the Protestant from us, unless extracted from the Intelligencer, we deem it our duty to state, that whatever we have to say, we will say openly and at home.
As we selected nothing from the Protestant” for our June number, the Jesuitical lectures were rendered very interesting by the remark "we have at least so far succeeded as to induce the Reverend Editor, to discontiue extracts from the sheet called the Protestant." The fact is we have more matter ourselves than we can publish, as the Intelligencer cannot be entirely employed for the exposure of error. We have other matters too, tu communicate, and perhaps, shall attend to them only, for a few months. We read the Protestant regularly and with deep interest, especially was it to us awfully interesting, when in several numbers we read latin extracts, as for example, Emm. Sa Aphor page 249, 80-Hurtado, Disput 10 Diffic 3 page 476.
STOP MY PAPER.
The following remarks of an “Old Reader" in the Southern Re: ligious Telegraph, deserve a place in the Intelligencer, and we trust will be read attentively.-Editor.
Since I have been an Agent for your excellent paper, I have been repeatedly accosted by one and another of your readers" Stop my paper !--the times are so HARD that I can't afford to take it ;” and this too by persons who can afford to buy a thousand extravagant things to gratify their appetites or make a splendid appearance in dress and equipage. The times are indeed hard and call for retrenchment. The great change in the sale of the products of our farms, demands a corresponding change in habits of living. Our sons, instead of being raised to be fine sporting gentlemen, must be trained to habits of industry, so that if necessary they can sup port themselves by their own labor. And our daughters too, should no longer be educated strangers to the kitchen and the domestic concerns of a family, to be fed on the dainties, appear delicate, and taught to dress gaily and to be genteel and very fine at a fashionable party; as if these were the most important accomplishments of the sex. It surely does not require supernatural wisdom to see that grown children who have been thus trained and educated, are unfit for any and every useful station in society. And if left with fortunes—their fortunes in most cases will be exchanged for poverty and beggary before they get through the world. Too many have been thus educated to be fine ladies and gentlemen, who now, alas! are a burden to themselves, to their frience, and worse than useless to society. There is, indeed, a loud call for retrenchment and we must retrench our idle hours till all are usefully and profitably employed—We must retrench our idle habits till they are exchanged for industry and good management; and we ought to retrench many extravagances in eating and drinking and in gaudy or rich articles of dress, which feed the vanity and pride of the young, and gratify a frivolous passion for the exhibition of the genteel and delicate !
There is a call for retrenchment—the times, our prospects all demand it. There must be retrenchment--necessity demands it-and necessity is authority that will be obeyed.
But a religious newspaper is one of the last things that should be cut off with the retrenching knife. Many who think they are too poor to take one, appear to me to be guilty of a sad mistake in judgment. And those who stop their papers to save their money for some other purpose, save their money at a dear rate. I know of nothing (except the Bible and the preaching of the gospel) with which they can no better dispense than the religious paper. For, if well conducted, it furnishes them with the means of obtaining more knowledge for the price of subscription, than they can purchase with the same money in any other way. And it is knowledge of the most important kinds. The doctrinal discussions, the precepts of religion, information respecting the various societies whose exertions are directed to disseminate and spread the truths of the Bible, the progress of this religion, its influence, the effects it produces, the anecdotes, sketches of character, the intelligence of cvery kind. contained in the religious paper, are all calculated to awaken a lively interest and to afford knowledge of permanent value. No body who wishes to read the brightest page in the history of the world, and of the age in which he lives, should be without one. It furnishes knowledge important to persons of every age, class and condition. The suggestions and advice it offers to parents, are of infinite moment, and may be of essential, lasting services to them
in the discharge of the responsible duties they owe their children. It will aid them in the great business of education. And to the young, it is, if possible, still more useful. In reading it from one week to another, it awakens in their minds a thirst for intelligence, gives them a taste for reading, imparts to them information on many subjects, enlarges their minds and while it thus has a great and continued influence on their understandings, it silently whispers the best counsels and instructions to their hearts. Its influence on their morals is unseen, but it may save many a child from ruin by vice, and many a parent from going down to the grave with sorrow. For my own part, I see a wide difference between the intelligence, morals and manners of those children where a religious paper is read, and those who read none. The benefit which they receive from it, is Worth five times the price of the paper. The information it gives them, and the influence, it has on their minds, will promote their welfare and interests in every respect in this world, while it speaks to them of the next.-And with this view of its value, I think that family in very poor circumstances who can't afford to take the paper.
STATE OF EVANGELICAL RELIGION IN GERMANY.
Extract of a letter from a student of the Basle Theological Seminary to the Society of Inquiry at the Theological Seminary of Auburn, dated Basle, February 26, 1830.
I think it may be interesting to you to hear in what various ways the Lord is carrying on his work in Germany and Switzerland. Much will always remain unknown to our human eyes of what he does in his church, and only in another world can we hope to see all that the Lord has done, and praise him perfectly for all his grace, love and patience. As much as is known to me, I will relate to you.
Prussia, a land in which there was formerly much infidelity, (Socinianism,) is now very much blessed. The king and his family are friends to the Christian cause. They favor and help all the Christian societies. In the capital, Berlin, there are some pious ministers and professors. Students of various countries visit this university, many of whom have returned home with enlightened hearts, acquainted with their Saviour, and, as learned men, propagate the truth in their native countries. In the whole kingdom are six or seven universities, and in each there is at least one professor who is sound in the Gospel, and who teaches and preaches it.
There is also now established in Berlin, a society for the instruction of the prisoner. This society is supported by the government.
The Christian students have permission to preach to the prisoners. Not only are the Christians of Berlin active in their own land, and seeking to do good, but they also propagate the Gospel in foreign countries There is now erected a new missionary institution for sending out servants of the Lord for the heathen, and for a long