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will find him willing to make all the reparation in his power, by assuring them that they may rest secure as to him, from any more disturbance of this kind; since he is equally unwilling, to rob any good men of the fatisfaction they enjoy in popular opinions, as to expose himself to popular odium by persisting in drawing the Saw of contention upon this or any other point of unavailing controversy. Comp. S. Bourn's Advertisement prefixed to his Discourses in 2 Vols. with Serm. x, xi, &c. and the late excellent piece, entitled, A short historical View of the Controversy. 2d Ed. or, A warning against Popish Doctrines, 1767.



a proper sense

BEL, the distinction between his offering, and that of Cain, on
by the Deity, 53.
Abilities of persons in general suited to their state, 8–10. An equa-

lity in them would be prejudicial to society, 11-14.
ABIMBLECH, two kings of Gerar of that name; shew a

of religion in Abraham's time, 73.
Aborigines, the pretence of being such in any people founded on their

ignorance, 210.
ABRAHAM, the reason of his call, 68-72. The general covenant

with his seed, 69, especial one with part of them, ib. These
two very confiftent, ib. Selected for his fingular piety, ib. Diftin-
guished for the common benefit of mankind, ib. A fit inftrument
for conveying the true religion to the nations round him, 70. Con-
verses on that subject with the Egyptians, ib. Some who call them-
selves his descendants there to this day, ib. Famed for a reformer
all over the east, 71, 72. The Lacedæmonians retain the memory of
him above 1600 years, ib. Brachmans probably descend and de-
rive their name from him, ib. Perfians keep pretty clear of gross
idolatry by his means, ib. He was let into the various counsels of
the Almighty, ib. The punishment of the four wicked cities, ib.
The redemption of mankind, ib. The plan of it probably ex-
hibited to him on the very place where Christ suffered, 72. The
true doctrine preserved and propagated by his family, 73. With
whom God holds very frequent correspondence, 78, 79. Divine
revelations not wholly confined to them, 72. Pays homage to
Melchizedeck, or the patriarch Shem, ib. Confines his view for
some time to temporal prospects, 82. State of religion in the

world about his time, 82, 83.
Absolute perfection, in what sense it may be ascribed to the law of

nature, 4, 5:
Academies flourish among the Jews in the most corrupt times of their

government, 125. How many in Jerusalem, ib.
Axia of the Roman procurators, 130.
Action often implied in the attainment of knowledge, 18. Hence

the pleafure accompanying such attainment, ib. Revelations by

action, 77:
ADAM, his state of innocence, 48, 49. Held frequent communica-

tion with the Deity, ib. This interrupted on his fall, ib. His
notions of religion, 60, 61. A fyftem of morality supposed to be
· delivered to him, 56. Evidence of his being the first man, 59.

Instructed by oral revelation rather than inspiration, 48. Direct-
ed to a form of worship by facrifice, 50, 51. What that implied,
ib. What his curse, 49, 112, 346-7. Opposed to Christ, who
reverses it, 348. Why so great stress laid on his first transgression,
282, What he might learn from the translation of Enoch, 61.


Not superior in knowledge to his pofterity, 64. A state of more
toil became necessary on his fall, 202. How many generations

between him and King George I. 210, 211.
Adultery, trial for it alluded to by Chrift, 324. That abolished by

the Sanhedrim, ib. Common among the Jews in Chrifi's time,
who taxes them with it, ib. Not the sole ground of divorce,
ASCULAPIUS, the tradition of his going about the country with a

dog and a goat, 217. fhews in what a low state phyfick was in his
day, ib. The same evident from the notion of a god of phyfick,

his temple, &c. ib. vid. Medicine,
Afellicns, whence they arise, 10, 11. Whence their diverfity, ib.
Äge in which Christ came, the circumstances of it, 152, 153. the
moft knowing, 130. and most wicked, 117, 118. especially in Ju-
dea, 140, 141. These two things not inconfiftent, 128. Teftimo-
nies of the fact, 117. One of the reasons thereof, ib. Proofs of
the Roman wickedness, 117, 118. Fitteft for such an institution,
as it wanted it most, both in morals and religion, 119-124. was
mot able to receive and propagate it, 125–129, best qualified to
examine, 130. 136. confirm and convey it to pofterity, 137. 139.
The character and circumstances of the Jews suited to that par-

ticular time, 140--144•
Age golden, what, 202.
Age of men. vid. Longevity.
Åge of the world, compared to that of a man, 42. advancing in per-
fection, ib. by slow degrees, 43, 44. State of the firft ages, 224-5.
Their notions of religion fuited thereto, ib. Their profpect of

a redemption, 225. Means of preserving it in their minds, 226.
Agency inconsistent with a fixed immutable fate of nature, 15, 16.
Air, whether less temperate than heretofore, 202.
Alcoran. vid. Mahomet ans.
Alexander comes to Jerusalem, 97. admits many Jews into his

army, ib. his empire on its dissolution dispersed the Greek philo.

sophy all over Asia, 176.
ALEXANDER (Mr.) 425, 435.
Allegory, Christian writers borrow that way of interpreting Scripture

from Philo, 159:
ALLIX (Dr.) cited 89. 102. 134.
Allufions made by Christ to the things before him, the time of the day,

feafon of the year, fynagogue-service, folemnities, &c. 309-322.
Whether his death is termed a sacrifice only in allusion to the
Jeruijh worship, 276.
Alphabetical writing, when first discovered, 147, 148. vid. Letters.
AMERICANS, reflections on their barbarity to captives taken in war,

239, Not made wicked first by Christians, 3i.
Amusements. vid. Elegance.
Analogy between religion and the course of nature, holds in respect

to various improvements, 180. By it we argue from this itate to

another, 253.
Anatomy, its state among the ancient Egyptians, 216.


ther, 430.

Ancients, who properly such, 39, 197. The reverence due to them,

ib. and 161. found to be less knowing the more narrowly their
ftate is looked into, 212. The gigantick tafte prevailed both in
their arts and frame of government, ib. excelled in general by
the moderns, 223. Whether they were superior in point of genius,

223. How we may be said to outlive them, 219, 220.
Angel appears to Adam, 49. 55. and to the patriarchs, 73. 79. to

Balaam in a vision only, according to Maimonides, 76, 77. often
feen in the infancy of the world, 54. 59. Necessity for it, 158.

Conducts the Israelites, 87. probably Christ himself, ib.
Animal food used from the beginning of the world, 54. Animal fa-

crifices, the intention of them, 50. not of human invention, ib.

and 52. vid. Sacrifice. Animal and vegetable world linked toge-
Ant bropomorphites, many such in the infancy of the world, 59. that no

difcreditable notion even in the primitive church, ib.
Antichrist, his rise and fall, 178.
Antiquity, most nations and families affect to carry it as high as pof-
fible, 209, 210. What reverence due to it, 39. 161. 165, 166.


intitled to that reverence, ib. A too supine resignation
to it the greatest obftruction to truth, and bar to knowledge, 168.

that arises not out of modefty, but mere laziness, ib.
Apparitions frequent in the first ages, 55. 59. Neceflity for it, ib.

The notion of them originally well founded, 78. though for many
late ages very suspicious, ib. the constant belief of such made some

real message from heaven necessary, 297.
Appetites natural, why so called, 10. whence formed, ib.
Arbitrary, nothing such in the divine difpenfations, 188.
Archery, why laid afide, 207.
Archite&ture, whether ancient or modern more perfect, 212.
Argument, Chriftianity not founded on it; Answer to that book, 20.
Arguments have a physical effect on the mind, 12.

That from ana-
logy the best proof of an hereafter, 253.
ARISTOTLE, a remarkable declaration by him before his death, if

the account be genuine, 114: Tradition of his conversing with a

Jeru, ib.
Ark of Noah, continued several ages after Abraham a monument of

the deluge, as well as model for shipping, 67.
Armies, why those of the ancients were so numerous, 213.
Artificial virtue, what meant by it, 255. How far it will answer our

purpose, ib.
Arts improved, slowly and gradually, 42, 43. 217, 218. spread from

one center, 211. increafed fatter in proportion as mens lives
Thortened, 227. have connection with each other, 223. no valu-
able ones ever loft again, 206. Whether religion partakes of the
like improvements, 44. 46. 226. In what respect these differ, 47.
A list of fuch as have been greatly improved by the moderns, 223.

Whether such improvements are injurious to morals, 253.
Afjent, how far necellary, 17.
Asociations, the ground of what is called natural appetites, 12, 13.
and of the human constitution in general, ib. not altogether me.


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Chanical, ib. and 18. that between the investigation of truth and
merit one of the strongest, ib. Often the chief principle of mo-

rals, 254.
Afronomy of the Chinese, 29. 214.
ATHANASIUS, his opinion of our mortality, 346.
Atheist, the consequence of supposing a progress in religious know-

ledge in respect to him, 252.
Athens, fate of philosophy there when Christ came, 120. 129.
Atonement, the intent of fome sacrifices from the beginning, 50. made

by Christ, 284. in what sense his death such, ib.
Attention, the power of giving or with-holding it seems to imply li-

berty, 12.
Augustan age, for what remarkable, 137, vid. Age.
AUGUSTIN, cited, 118. 144.
Authority, of the church in ascertaining the sense of Scripture, what,

161. 18;; 268. of the Fathers, 160. 162. 168. Divine authority
of the holy Scriptures, wherein it confifts, 265.

Babet. vid. Dispersion.
BABYLON, in its most flourishing state when the Jews were removed

thither, 151. Effects of that removal on them, 94. Its empire not
fo old as was pretended, 210. Its extent, &c. no proof that arts

were in extraordinary perfection there, 212.
BACON, Ld. Ch. on Innovations, 196.
BALAAM, a true prophet, 75. his character, ib. his revelation per-

haps communicated in vision or trance, ib. 76. Whether St. Peter's
Baptism of infants, whether properly a divine institution, 23.

Baptif, vid. John.
BARCHUSEN, de Lepra Mosaica, 232.
BARRINGTON (Hon. Mr.) on ancient manners, 246.
BAYle on reformations in religion, 166. on the ancients, 223.
Beasts clean and unclean, on what the distinction founded, 53, 54.

Their Helh used for food as well as their kins for cloathing, ib.

otherwise much less propriety in offering them for sacrifice, ib.
Beattie (Mr.) on Truth, 420.
Belief, of what kind required in Chriftianity, 22. A right one how

far requisite, ib. A rational one necessary, ib. Objections answer-

ed, ib. and 24:
Beneficence, in what manner to be exercised according to the com-

mand of Christ, Luke xiv. 12. 312. Chubb's drollery on that head
censured, ib. The rule the same with that of some eminent hea-

then writers, ib.
Benefits of the Chriftian institution, 35, 36. 112. of Christ's death,

Benefits require acknowledgment, 55. Hence the intent and use of

several facrifices, ib. Vice in general not productive of any, 251.
Benevolence, perhaps in greater perfection now than ever since the

times of primitive Chriftianity, 246.
BENSON (Dr.) cited 192. referred to, 157. 189. 315. 324. 337-



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