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INTRODUCTION. other parts of divine truth. They did not write in concert, and they be the latest of which was delivered 1700 years ago, and some of them 8000 stowed no pains to avoid the appearance of inconsistency; yet the exact years ago, the descendants of Shem and Japheth are ruling' and 'enlarged, coincidences plainly perceptible among them,- not only in their grand, pri and the wretched descendants of Ham are still the servants or servants, mary, and general objects, which are written as with the beams of the sun, (Ge. ix. 25..27.);-the posterity of Ishmael have multiplied exceedingly,' but in particular subjects comprehended in their plan, and even in particular and become a great nation' in the Arabians; yet living like 'wild men,' and worda and expressions, (though they evidently borrowed nothing from one shifting from place to place in the wilderness, their hand against every another,)-is truly astonishing, and cannot be accounted for on any rational man, and every man's hand against them,' and still dwelling,' an independprinciples, without admitting that they all wrote as they were moved by ent and free people, in the presence of all their brethren,' and in the pre the Holy Ghost,'--that all their writings were indited under the influence of sence of all their enemies, (Ge. xvi. 10..12. xvii. 20.);-the family of Esau has the same Spirit, and flowed from the same infallible Source.
become extinct, cut off for ever,' so that there is none remaining of the 6. The multitude of miracles, which only the infinite power of God could house of Esau,' (Je. xlix. 17, &c. Eze. xxv. 12, &c. Joel jii. 19. Am. i. 11, &c. effect, wrought in confirmation of the divine mission of the writers of the Ob. 10, 18, &c.);- the sceptre has departed from Judah,' (Ge. xlix. 10.), Sacred Scriptures, afford us a most convincing proof of their inspiration. It though the Jews still'dwell alone, and are not reckoned among the nahas been already seen, that the narrations of these miracles were published tions, while the remembrance of Amalek is utterly put out from under very soon after the time, and at the places, in which they were said to have heaven,' (Nu. xxiii. 9. xxiv. 20);-Nineveh is so completely destroyed, that been wrought; that they were performed in the most conspicuous manner, the place thereof cannot be known, (Na. L.IN);-Babylon has been swept before very great multitudes, enemies as well as friends; that they were of with the besom of destruction, and is made a desolation for ever, a posses. such a nature,-appealing to the very senses of men,-as totally precluded sion for the bittern and pools of water,''a dwelling place for dragons, an the possibility of deception; that public ceremonies were instituted in astonishment and hissing, without an inhabitant,' (Isa XIII. XIV.) ;-Tyre memory of several of them, which have been observed in all ages; that the has become like the top of a rock, a place for fishers to spread their nete reality of them, as facts, was admitted even by the most determined enemies upon,' (Eze. xxvi. 4, 5.);-Egypt, 'a base kingdom, the basest of the kingof Divine revelation ; that the witnesses, from whom we have received the doms,' still tributary and subject to strangers, so that it has never been able accounts of them, were many in number, unanimous in their evidence, of un to exalt itself above the nations,' (Eze. xxix. 14, 15);- the fourth and last questionable good sense, undoubted integrity, and unimpeachable veracity, of the four great empires, which was greater and more powerful than any of who showed the sincerity of their own conviction by acting under the uni. the former, has been divided into ten lesser kingdoms; and among them has form influence of the extraordinary works to which they bore witness, in ariven a power with a triple crown diverse from the first,' with 'a mouth opposition to all their former notions and prejudices, and in contradiction of speaking very great things,' and with 'a look more stout than his fellows, every worldly honour, protit, or advantage, either for themselves or friends, speaking great things against the Most High, wearing out the saints of and at last by laying down their lives in confirmation of the facts which they the Most High, and changing times and laws' which did 'cast down the attested; and that vast multitudes of their contemporaries, men of almost truth to the ground, and prosper, and practice, and destroy the holy people, all ages, tempers, and professions, were persuaded by them that they really not regarding the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard were performed in the manner related, and gave the strongest testimony any god,' but 'honouring the god of forces,' or Mauzzim, gods protectors, which was in their power of the firmness of their belief, by foregoing every and causing the priests of Mauzzin' to rule over many, and divide the land worldly advantage, and suffering every temporal evil which was endured by for gain,' (Da. xi. 37..39.) Jerusalem has been destroyed, with all the cirthe original witnesses. To this it may be added, that the number of the cumstances related in the Evangelists, and the Jews have been led away miracles is almost incalculable; that they were all calculated to answer into all nations, and Jerusalem trodden down by the Gentiles,' through a some great and benevolent end, every way worthy of the infinitely wise and long series of ages, (Lu. u. 24.); for their infidelity and disobedience to beneficent Creator ; that they were wrought in attestation of nothing but their great Prophet like unto Moses, they have been 'plucked from off their what was agreeable to reason, so far as reason could apprehend it, and in own land, and removed into all the kingdoms of the earth, and scattered confirmation of a religion the most holy, pure, and benevolent; and per. among the heathen, among the nations, among all people, from one end of formed by persons of the greatest moral worth, and the most eminent pat. the earth even to the other,' sifted 'among all nations, like as cord is sinted terus of every virtue. Now, admitting the reality of the miracles related in in a sieve,' having been 'left few in number among the heathen,' have pined the Sacred Writings, (as every unprejudiced mind must be constrained to away in their iniquity in their enemies' lands,' have become an astonish: do,) and rationally believing, that the Supreme Being, the God of truth, wig. ment, a proverb, and a by-word among all nations,' ' reproach, a taunt, dom, and goodness, can never give his testimony to falsehood, it irresistibly and a curse,' have found among these nations no case, and the sole of their follows that the Scriptures are, as they unequivocally claim to be, the Word foot has had no rest; but the Lord has given them a trembling heart, and of God, written by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind, and sent a faintness into their hearts in 7. The astonishing and miraculous preservation of the Scriptures from be the lands of their enemies, so that the sound of a shaken leaf has chased ing either lost or corrupted, is an overwhelming instance of God's providen them,' and they have been many days without a king, and without a prince. tial care, and a constant sanction and confirmation of their truth and Divine and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and
Him in all ages of the church. While the histories without a teraphim,' (Le. xxvi. 38, 39. Deut. xxix. 62. 67. Eze. v. 10..15. Ho. of mighty empires, and innumerable volumes of philosophy and literature, in iii. 4.); and yet, while their mighty conquerors are every whera destroyed, the preservation of which the admiration and care of all mankind seemed to they are miraculously preserved a distinct people, and neither swallowed up conspire, have been lost and forgotten in the lapse of time, the Sacred Scrip nor lost among the various nations amidst whom they are dispersed, but are tures, though far more ancient, and though haled and opposed by Satan and reserved ' until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled,' when they shall ' seek his agents in all ages, who sought with the deadliest hatred to cause their the Lord their God, and David their king: and shall fear the Lord and his very memory to perish from among men, have come down to our own time goodness in the latter days ;'-in the mean time, the Gentiles have been adentire and genuine, free from every material error, and nearly in their original vanced in their room, and God has given to the Messiah the heathen for purity. With great wisdom, God, for their preservation, ordered an original his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession,' (Ps. copy to be deposited in the holy of holies, (Deut. xxxi. 26); appointed the ii. 8.), and the gradual, but progressive, and steadily advancing conversion careful and frequent reading of them, both in public and private; and that of heathen nations in our own days, prepares us to expect the speedy arrival every Hebrew monarch should write out a copy for his own use, (Deut. xvii. of the time when Jehovah shall be worshipped from the rising of the sun 18.) With astonishing kindness and wisdom has he made the various con. even to the going down of the same,' and when his 'name shall be great tending parties who had access to the Scriptures,-such as the Jews and Is. among the Gentiles,' (Mal. i. 11.);-the grand apostacy from the Christian raelites, the Jews and Samaritans, the Pharisees and Sadducees, the Jews faith has already taken place, which consists in giving heed to reducing and Christians, and the various sects and parties of Christians, -mutual spirits, and doctrines of devils, (or demons, worshipping angels and departed checks upon each other for almost three thousand years, that they might saints, and is promoted through) speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their not be able either to extirpate or corrupt any part of them; and by quickly consciences seared with a hot iron; forbidding to marry, and commanding multiplying the copies both of the original and translations, as well as the te abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanks. readers of the Scriptures, he rendered it absolutely impossible to falsify giving of them which believe and know the truth,' (1 Ti. iv. 1..3.) The seven them in any thing important, without causing the corruption to start up in churches of Asia lie in the same desolate state that the angel signified to every copy dispersed through the world, and in the minds of almost every St. John, (Re. II. III.) their 'candlestick removed out of its place,' their reader-than which supposition nothing can be more absurd and monstrous.churches turned into mosques, and their worship into superstition ;-and the By what tremendous judgments did he restrain and punish Antiochus characters of the beast and false prophet,'--to whom was given to make Epiphanes, the Syro-grecian king, Dioclesian, the Roman emperor, and war with the saints, and to overcome them,' and power 'over all kindreds, others, who attempted to destroy the Sacred Scriptures, in order to extirpate and tongues, and nations,' so that all that dwell upon the earth worshipped the Jewish or Christian religion! And he has bestowed amazing support him,'-have been exemplified in every particular, and also those of the and consolation on such as have risked or parted with their lives rather whore of Babylon,' 'mystery. Babylon the great, the mother of Harlots, and than deny the dictates of Scripture, or in the least contribute to their de abominations of the earth : with whom the kings of the earth have commitstruction or misinterpretation. During the profanation of Antiochus, who ted fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with ever was found with the book of the law was put to death, and every copy the wine of her fomnication,' while she herself has been 'drunken with the that could be found, burned with fire; and Dioclesian, after the most bar blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus,' and she' is barous havoc of the Christians, issued an edict, commanding them, on pain that great city (seated upon seven mountains) which reigneth over the kings of death under the most cruel forms, to deliver up their Bibles; though of the earth,' (Re. XIII. XVII) These, and many other events, fulfilling anmany complied with this sanguinary edict, yet the greater part disregarded cient predictions, very many ages after they were delivered, can never be it; and notwithstanding these, and numberless other calamities, the Sacred accounted for, except by allowing, that He who sees and declares the end Volumes have survived pure aud uncorrupted to the present day, and doubt from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done,' less will exist as long as there is a church in the world-till the end of time (laa. xlv. 21.), thus revealed his secret purposes, that their accomplishment and the consummation of all things--a monument of God's unceasing and might prove the Scriptures to be His word. The prophecies also, though providential care, and an unquestionable attestation of their inspiration and written by different men, in different ages, have yet a visible connexion and Divine authority.
dependency, an entire harmony and agreement with one another; formning 8. The prophecies contained in the Sacred Scriptures, and fulfilling to this altogether a prophetical history of the world, as to the grand outlines, from day, which form a species of perpetual mircles, challenging the investiga- the beginning of time to the consummation of all things; and accompanied tion of mon of every age, fully demonstrate that they are divinely inspired with such a distinct notation of order, place, and time, as has been justly Almost every historical passage of the Bible is a narrative of something an- | termed the geography and chronology of prophecy. As ono prediction retecedently foretold; and the New Testament is little else than a relation of ceived its accomplishment, others were given, connecting prophecy with the fulfilment of the predictions and types of the Old Testament, relative to history, till the Revelation of St. John concluded the whole; and events Jesus Christ and his church. According to the prophecies in these books, I have hitherto, in every age and nation, exactly corresponded with these INTRODUCTION. predictions. So many extraordinary and improbable events, which have oc- Christians are not at all qualified to dispute with infidels, yet they are enacurred through so many ages, and in so many nations, as foretold in the bled, through this inward testimony, to obey the Gospel, and 10 guffer in its Scriptures, could only have been made known by the Omniscient God him-cause; and they can no more be convinced by reasonings and objections, that self; and must convince every rational mind, that 'the prophecy came not uninspired men wrote or invented the Bible, than they can be persuaded that of old time by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were man created the sun, whose light they behold, and by whose beams they aro moved by the Holy Ghost' 2 Pet. i. 20, 21.
warmed and cheered. 9. The extraordinary success which has attended Christianity, which is founded on the Sacred Scriptures, while it proves the truth of the facts TESTIMONY TO THE CORRECTNESS OF THE AUTHORIZED which they detail, and demonstrates the fulfilment of the prophecies they
TRANSLATION. contain, is a continued miraculous proof of their divine origin. Other relixons have owed their extension and prevalence to the celebrity of their
| The venerable Bede seems to have been the first person who attempted the founders, to the learning of their advocates, to their conformity to the pre translation of the Scriptures into Anglo-Saxon. He translated the Psalter, judices and passions of men, to the energy of the secular arm, or even to the and afterwards the Gospel of John. This was in A. D. 734. In the latter power of the sword; but Christianity was totally destilute of all these ad- part of the next century, Alfred the Great ordered the whole Bible to be Fantages. (if such they may be termed,) either to recommend or enforce its translated into Anglo-Saxon, and himself undertook to translate the Book of reception in the world. Its founder was put to an ignominious death by the Psalms, but died in A. D. 900, before it was completed. Little or nothing common content of his countrymen; its original promulgators were twelve was done in the next 400 years, till the time of Wickliffe, who, in 1380, com
literate meu, wholly devoid of every kind of worldly influence; its doc- pleted the whole Bible. In the fifteenth century printing was invented, and trines were opposed to the principles and practices of the whole world, immediately employed for multiplying copies of the Scriptures. In 1526, deeply rooted by inclination, and firmly established by extensive custom, by William Tyndal (a Welshman) printed his first New Testament at Antwerp, loog continued laws, and by the high and universal authority of nations and was soon after burned for heresy in Flanders. He expired praying, Yet, by the simple preaching of the Gospel, Christianity triumphed over the “ Lord, open the King of England's eyes!" craft, rage, and power of the infuriated Jews,-over the haughtinens, policy, Henry VIII. was long averse to having the Scriptures in English ; but as and power of the Roman empiro,over the pride of learning, and the obsti-soon as Cranmer could get permission, he divided the New Testament into nacy of iynorance, hatred, prejudice, and lust,-over the hardened inclina
nine parts, and sent it to as many learned divines for a new translation, who tions, deep-rooted customs, and long-established laws of both Jews and
all performed their parts except Tonetall, Bishop of London, who sent word Pagane, - that, notwithstanding every conceivable form of opposition, to the Archbishop, he would have to hand in it. The work was, however, vithin a few years after Christ's ascension, it prevailed, in a greater or lees finished; and, after much difficulty, printed and published. In 1539, Lord degree in almost every corner of the Roman empire, and in the countries ad. Cromwell procured from Henry VIII. license for the people to read the Word jaceat, and multitudes, at the hazard of every temporal loss or punishment, or God i and the permission was most joyfully received. The first Bible thus readily believed, constantly adhered to, and cheerfully and strictly practised tolerated was called Coverdale's, because he superintended the publication. ita pare and holy precepts. Nor has the success of Christianity been con- During the next reign, that of Edward VI., Bibles were placed in all tho fped to the carly ages only ; for, during the period of eighteeri centuries, churches ; but were again displaced at the accession of the crue! Queen potwithstanding innumerable persecutions, together with the wickedness of Mary, and every person endangered his life who was found reading it* professors, and the inconceivable villanies and base indifference of the clergy, Great numbers of the clergy, and other friends to the Reformation, now fled it luas been more or less successful in reforming the hearts and lives of mul to Geneva, where the edition called the Geneva Bible was printed, in 1560. titudes in almost every nation under heaven; and we may assert, that even Eight years afterwards, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, was printed the at present, there are many thousands, who have been reclaimed from a pro- Bishops' Bible; so called as being prepared and published under the care of fare and immoral course of conduct, to sobriety, equity, truth, purity, and Archbishop Parker, with the aid of seven other Bishops. piety, and to an exemplary behaviour in the relative duties of life. Having At the Hampton Court Conference, in 1603, Dr. Rainolds suggested the been made free from sin, and become the servants of God, they have their propriety of a new translation, which being approved by the King, fifty-four frut unto holiness ;' and, after patiently continuing in well-doing,' and learned divines, of Westminster and the two English Universities, were apcbeerfully bearing various afflictions, they joyfully meet death, being sup- pointed to the task, though forty-seven only appear to have engaged in it. portes by the hope of etemal life, as the gist of God through Jesus Christ:''The divines of Westminster translated the historical books of the Old Testawhile they who are best acquainted with them, are most convinced, that ment, from Genesis to Chronicles, and also the Apostolical Epistles; those They have ben rendered more wire, holy, and happy, by believing the Bible; at Cambridge took the rest of the Old Testament to the end of Ecclesiastes, and that there is a reality in religion, though various interests and passions and the Apocrypha ; and the divines of Oxford, the Prophets, the Gospels, may keep them from duly embracing it. This would, indeed, be far more the Acts, and the Apocalypse. apparent were the Gospel more generally, or fully believed and obeyed. Among the Westminster divines were Drs. (afterwards Bishops) Andrews Did all men believe and obey the Bible, as a divine revelation ; were repent and Overall. The former said to be acquainted with fifteen languages, and a ance, and renunciation of all vice and immorality, universal or even general, most excellent divine : the other, unquestionably a man of learning, and combined with the spiritual worship of God, faith in his truth and mercy,
Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. Dr. Seravia, who had been Prothrough the mediation of his Son, and the fruits of the Holy Spirit, as visi |
fessor of Divinity at Leyden, and, after coming to England, Prebend of Westble in every true believer,-they would form the bulk of mankind into such
minster. He was the bosom friend of the immortal Hooker, who actually characters, and would produce such effects, as the world has never yet wit died in his arms. And Mr Bedwell, a great Arabic scholar. The University Dead. Men would then habitually and uniformly do justice, speak truth, lists included the Professors of Greek and Hebrew, Archbishop Abbot, and show mercy, exercise mutual forgiveness, follow after peace, bridle their Dr. Rainolds, with whom the work originated, and other divines, of eminent appetiles and pressions, and lead sober, righteous, and godly lives. Murders, learning and great respectability. When the work was gone through, three wars, slavery, cruel oppressions, rapine, fraud, and unrestrained licentious.
copies were sent to Stationers' Hall, London, and revised by two divines Den, would no more desolate the earth, nor fill it with misery, nor would from each University, and two from Westminster. The whole was again rebitter contentions ever more destroy domestic comfort ; but righteousness, viewed by Bilson, Bishop of Winchester, and Dr. Myles Smith; thene progoodness, and truth, would bless the world with a felicity far exceeding all fixed arguments to the several books, and the latter wrote the preface to the our present cooceptions. Such has been the extraordinary success and happy whole. In 1611, the work was published, dedicated to the King, and ordered efects of the religion of the Bible; and such is doubtless the direct and le to be read in churches, gitimate tendency of its doctrines, precepts, motives, and promises. To Messrs. Thompson and Orme, from whom many of these particulars are wat caus, then, con we attribute the success which has attended Chris.
taken, give it the following character :-"Like every thing human, it is no tiaunty in the absence of every thing else to recommend or enforce it, but to
doubt imperfect; but, as a translation of the Bible, it has few rivals, and no an Almighty influence accompanying the preaching of the Gospel'-to its superior. It is in general faithful, simple, and perspicuous. It has seized the bevor preached with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven ?' And is not spirit, and copied the manner of the divine originals; it seldom descends to Uus one of the strongcat pomsible altestations made by the God of truth meapness or vulgarity, but often rises to elegance and sublimity; it is level bunuril, to the truth and Divide inspiration of the Sacred Volume? And, to the understanding of the cottager, and fit to incet the eye of the critic, the w'le its extraordinary success and effects thus constrain us to admit the poet, and the philosopher. Its phraseology is now familiar to us from our Darihe authority of the Serptures, the holy and happy tendency of its doc infancy; it has had the most extensive influence on the style of religious tribes prures, that they could not have originated either with bad angels or works of every description, and has contributed much to fix the standard of mo, ance they are so diametrically opposite to their vicious inclinations, the English language itself. No work has ever been inore generally read, or interests, and honour; nor yet with uninspired good men, who would not more universally adinired; and such is its complete possession of the public bare dared thus to personate God, and to ascribe their own inventions to in mind, that no translation differing materially from it can ever become sporation. It remains, therefore, that God must be their author; and that
uthor: and that popular." * holy men of old spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost,'' not in the Selden, a very leamed lay menber of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, words which en's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teachetb.' in his "Table Talk," says, "The English translation of the Bible is the best . Co il 13.
translation in the world; takiug in for the English translation the Bishops' le. Lastly, Though these arguments are abundantly sufficient to silence ob Bible, as well as King James'." return, and to produce a rational conviction of the Divine origin and au Bp. Falton, author of the Polyglot Bible, says, "The last English translathority of the scriptures, yet it is only the effectual application of them to tion, made by diverse learned men at the command of King James, may justly the mind, conscience, and heart, in their self-evidencing light and power, contend with any now extant, in any language of Europe."
hich can produce a cordial and saving persuasion that they are indeed L. Capellus, Professor of Divinity and the Oriental languages at Saumur, 1116 W05D OF GOD. But when thus applied, then He that believeth bath and author of the " Critica Sacra," bears witness to our translation as "both the witurss is bimself,' (1 Jn. v. 10.) The discoveries which he has inade true and agreeable, as well to the original words as to the analogy of faith." by iba Disrue light of the Scriptures; the sanctifying and abiding effects Dr. Durel, a celebrated Hebrew critic, was of opinion, that “the chief producrd on his judgment, dispositions, and affoctions; the comfortable ex cxcellency of the version now in uso, consists in its being a closer translation perace which he bax had, that God fulil, the promises of His word to than any that had precedod ; in using the properest language for popular use." then who truet in them; and the earnests of heaven enjoyed by him in
The late Dr. Frankliu relates of his pious great-grandfather, in the reign of this Onurun with God, put the matter beyond all doubt; so that there is no
Queen, that, having an English Bible, which was tben a mark of heresy, they were shutting the eyes, nor hardening the heart against them, -no possibility of lohliked to conceal it under the lid of a night-stool. When he read it, one of the family contuang stumd and unconcerned under them; but the whole faculties of
them; but the whole faculties or was set to watch, lest an officer of the Spiritual Court should be on the listen; and when to sul are necessarily affected with them, as indeed stamped with divine 1 he had done, he restored it to its hiding place, ull another opportunity occurred of read ovidence, and attended with almighty power. And, though many real ling it.-Franklin's Luc.
INTRODUCTION. Dr. Gray says, “The present translation is, indeed, highly excellent, being in 2. The night among the Hebrews was anciently divided into three parts of its doctrines uncorrupt, and in its general construction faithful to the original," watches, (Ps. Ixiii. 6. XC. 4.) though the division of it into twelve hours. like
Dr. Doddruge observes, "On a diligent comparison of our translation with those of the day, also afterwards obtained. The first was called the beginning the original, we find that of the New Testament, and I might also add that of of the watches, (La 11. 19.); the second, the middle rooich, (Ju. vii. 19.); and the Old, in the main, faithful and judicious."
the third, the morning watch, (Ex. xiv. 24.) Subsequently, in the time of our Dr. John Taylor, author of the Hebrew Concordance, though an Arian in Saviour, the night was divided into four watches; a fourth having been iusentiment, assures his readers-"You may rest fully satisfied, that, as our troduced by the Romans, who derived it from the Greeks. The first watch translation is in itself by far the most excellent book in our language, so it is commenced about six and continued till nipe ; the second (Lu. xli. 38.) bea pure and plentiful fountain of divine knowledge, giving a true, clear, and gan at nine and ended at twelve; the third lasted from twelve to three; and full account of the divine dispensations, and of the gospel of our salvation; the fourth (Mat. xiv. 35.) began at three and closed at six. All these are disinsomuch that whoever studies the English Bible, is sure or gaining that tinctly mentioned in Ma. xii. 35. knowledge and faith, which, if duly applied to the heart and conversation, 3. Seven natural days constituted a week. This division of time appears will infallibly guide him to eternal life."
to have been observed by all nations, probably from the beginning of the Dr. Geddes, a Socinian Catholic priest, though the author of a new transla: world; and, it originated with God himself, who, after he had created the tion and commentary, bears this testimony to our authorized Protestant ver- world in six days, 'rested on the seventh,' or Sabbath, and blessed and sancsion :-" If accuracy, fidelity, and the strictest attention to the letter of the tified it. It does not appear that the Hebrews had any names for the days text, be supposed to constitute the qualities of an excellent version, this, of of the week ; but they numbered them in their order, the first, the second, all versions, must in general be accounted the most excellent."
&c., the seventh, or last day of the week, being the Sabbath. Dr. Middleton, late Bishop of Calcutta, and author of a celebrated work on 4. The months of the Hebrews, which were lunar oncs, took their name the Greek Article, thus commends the same version :-"Its general fidelity from the moon, because their months began with the new moon. As the has never been questioned ; its style is incomparably superior to any thing synodical lunar month is about 29 1-2 days, they made their month consist that might be expected from the finical and perverted taste of our own age. alternately of 29 and 30 days, according as the new moon appeared sooner or It is simple; it is harmonious; it is energetic; and, which is of no small in later; and by this mean their months were made to keep pace nearly with portance, use has made it familiar, and time bas rendered it sacred."
the lunations. In this manner the Jewish calendar was regulated by the law The Rev. Professor Stewart, of the Theological Seminary of Andover, of Moses, which appointed the day of the new moon, or rather the first day Massachusetts, gives the following decided testimony :-"Out of some eight of its appearance, to be a solemn festival, and the beginning of the month. hundred thousand various readings, about seven hundred and ninety-nine But it appears that in the time of Noah, the year consisted of twelve months, thousand are of just about as much importance to the sense of the Hebrew each of thirty days; for in the account of the deluge, 150 days are mentionScriptures, as the question in English orthography is, whether the word ed as equivalent to five months. (Ge. vii. u, 24. viii. 3, 4, 13, 15.) From honour shall be spelled with the u or without it. of the remainder, some these passages it appears the months originally had no particular names, change the sense of particular passages or expressions, or omit particular but were called the Arst, second, third, &c. Afterwards, however, they words and phrases, or insert them; but not one doctrine of religion is acquired distinct names; as Abib, (Ex. xiii. 4.); Zif, (1 KI. vi. ), 37.); changed ; not one precept is taken away; not one important fact is altered, Ethanim, (1 Ki, vii. 2); and Dul, (1 Ki, vi, 38.) These names, after the by the whole of the various readings collectively taken. There is no ground, Babylonian captivity, were exchanged for others of Chaldean, Synian, or then, to fear for the safety of the Scriptures, on account of any legitimate Persian origin : thus Abib was termed Niwan ; Zif, lyar, &c. criticism to which the text may be subjected."
5. The Jewish year consisted of twelve lunar months, amounting to 354
days ; but, as this falls eleven days short of the solar year of 365 days, it DIVISIONS AND MARKS OF DISTINCTION IN THE SCRIPTURES. would have produced an entire change in the seasone, and with it a total de
rangement of the fasts and festivals. In order to remedy this inconvenience, 1. THE SCRIPTURES are so termed as being the most important of all
they added a whole month to the year, as often as it was necessary; comWritings; and are also called Holy or Sacred, because composed by holy ormonly once in three years, and sometimes once in two years. The interinspired men; and Canonical, either because they are the rule of faith and calary month was added at the end of the ecclesiastical year, after the month practice, or because they were received into the ecclesiastical canons or Adar, and was therefore called Veadar, and Adar,' or a second Adar. At catalogues, and thus distinguished from those which were apocryphal, or of first the Jews began the year with the autumnal equinox, or the month uncertain authority.
Tisti, because it was believed the world was created at that time ; and from 2. The most common and general division of these Sacred Books, is that it they continued to compute their jubilees, and to date contracts and other of the Old and NEW TESTAMENT, an appellation derived from 2 Co. jl. 6, common occurrences, whence it was termed the civil year. But after their 14. where the Greek words are rendered by the Latin translators, Antiquium departure from Egypt, which happened in the month Abib or Nican, in com. testamentum, and Novum testamentum, and from them by our translators, The memoration of this deliverance, they afterward began their year from the Ou Testament, and The New Testament, would be more correctly rendered, beginning of that month, which usually happened about the time of the The Old Covenant, and The New Covenant. "The divisions of the Old Testa vernal equinox; and according to this form, which was termed the sacred or ment which now generally obtain are, 1. The Pentateuch, or the five books ecclesiastical year, they celebrated the fasts and festivals, and other ecclesias. of Moses. 2. The IIistorical Books, comprising Joshua to Esther, inclusive. tical matters. 3. The Poetical, or Doctrinal Books, from Job to the Song of Solomon, in- | The Jewish year being composed of months purely lunar, and the interca. clusive. 4. The Prophetical Books, from Isaiah to Malachi. The New Teslations being made of one whole lunar month at once, the commencement of tament is usually divided into, 1. The Historical Books, containing the four their months cannot be fixed to any certain day in the Julian calendar, but Gospels and the Acts. 2. The Doctrinal Books, comprising all the Epistles they fall within the compass of thirty days sooner or later. The following written by the Apostles, from Romans to Jude. 3. The Prophetical, being table exhibits the Jewish months in the order of the sacred year, with the the Book of the Revelation of St. John.
corresponding months of the Julian year within the compass of which tho 3. The Jew, at an early period, for the sake of convenience, divided the Jewish months fell: five books of Moses into sections, equal to the number of Sabbaths in their year. The division of chapters and verses was first attempted A. D. 1240, by
days. Cardinal Hugo, for the purpose of forming a concordance to the Vnigate ver 1. Nisan or Abib, the 7th month of the civil year, . 30 March and Apni. sion. Rabbi Nathan, in 1438, adopted a similar plan in arranging a concord 2. Zif or lyar, the 8th month of the civil year, .. 29 April and May, ance of the Hebrew Bible. The division of the New Testament into verses 3. Sivan, the 9th month of the civil year, ... 30 May and June. was made by Robert Stephens, 1551.
4. Tammuz, the 10th month of the civil year,. .. 29 June and July.
5. Ab, the uth month of the civil year,... 30 July and Augurt. MODES OF COMPUTING TIME.
6. Elul, the 12th month of the civil year, . . . . 29 August and Sept.
7. Tisri or Ethanim, the Ist month of the civil year, 30 Sept. and October. 1. The Hebrews, in common with other nations, distinguished their days 8. Marchesian or Bul, the 2d month of the civil year, 29 October and Nov. into natural, containing day and night; and artificial, from sunrise to sunset. | 9. Chisleu, the 3d month of the civil year, .... 30 Nov. and Dec. They reckoned their natural days from sunset to sunset, according to the 10. Tebeth, the 4th month of the civil year,.... 29 Dec. and Jan, original arrangement.--' the evening and the morning were the first day,' 11. Sebat, the 5th month of the civil year, . .. 30 Jan. and Feb. (Ge. i. 5.) The artificial day, which began at sunrise and ended at kuiset, 12. Adar, the 6th month of the civil year, ...29 Feb, and March. consequently varied in its length according to the season of the year, though Canaan being situated much nearer the Equator, the difference was not so
The thirteenth month, Veadar, answered mostly to the end of March, it great as in our country; the longest day being only fourteen hours and being only intercaluted when the beginning of Nisan would otherwise be tweive minutes of our time, and the shortest, nine hours and forty-eight carried back into the end of February. In the above table, we have given seconds.
the corresponding months of the Julian calendar as usually reckoned ; but 2. The day was divided into twelve hours, which were equal with respect
it is highly probable, if not certain, that the Jewish calendar has been corto each other, but consequently unequal with respect to the different seasons rupted, at some period subsequent to the dispersion, and that every month of the year. These hours were computed from about six in the morning to originally commenced one month later: thus Nisan instead of March shoule eix in the evening; the first hour corresponding to our seven o'clock, the begin in April ; lyar instead of April should begin in May, &c. For evidence second to our eigh:, the third to our nine, &c.
l in support of this opinion, see MICHAELIS on the Hebrew mor this.
INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TESTAMENT.
** WSOEVER Would attain to a true knowledge of the Christian Religion, in the knowledge and the glory of God shall cover the earth as the waters do tho
ful and just extent of it," says Locke," let him study the Holy Scriptures, bottom of tbe sea." Ex i s the New Tesiament, wherein are contained the words of eternal L ' s Gud for its author, salvation for its end, and truth, without any
The Evidences of Christianity. E tie ut eror, for its matter." 13 sliria the latter part of our Scriptures the New Testament, reference was II. In our Introrluction to the Old Testament, we touched upon several points
bestly had to Heb. ix, 16, 17, wherein the death of Christ is represented as relative to the authenticity and inspiration of the Old Testament Scriptures ; I tu bude vere all the blessings of the Gospel: and yet the original terın but whatever arguinent may be named in defence of the Jewish Scriptures, cu
muchi ottener rendered Curenant than it is Testament, that we applies with two-fold, yea, with deren fold, force in favour of the Christian Ctxt leur verte with Dooldridge, Campbell, and most modern commentators, revelation, while there are others peculiar to itself, one only of which we can thu 0 Scrptures would be more accurately defined, "The Old and New here mention, referring our rcaders, who wish to examinc for themselves, to Mr. Creio ;** a contaming the lustury and doctrine of the Two Covenants, Horne and other able writers. be al anu evangelical: the former ratitied by the Mosaical sacrifices; the latter, The argument here presented to our readers. is from one who boldly assumed by the attiteit of Jesus Christ.
the character of "a free-thinker," and scorned the shackles of a creed: we reThe firstart of the New Testament contains the history of Jesus Christ, as fer to RocSSEAU. ter ut by the tour Evangelists, whose noirs are therefore usually called "I will confess to you, that the majesty of the Scriptures strikes me with adthe 6tr 8 8.* as containing the good tidings of our salvation. These we miration, as the purty of the gospel lath its influence on my heart. Peruse the CED: Ster as distinct and independent narratives, compiled partly perhaps from works of our Philosophers with all their pomp of diction : how mean, how con
c twa, but reluced to their present form under the influence of the same temptible are they, compared with the Scriptures! Is it possible that almok, at S by which the authors preached the gospel, and wrought miracles in its once so simple and sublime, should be merely the work of man? Is it possillo
mi ltis questioned whether either of these Evangelists had seen the that the sacred personage, where history it contains, should be himself a nero ons of tie otwT.
man! Do we find that he assumed the tone of an enthusiast, or an ambitious Iti Tabural to suppose, that four persons, writing contemporary narratives, sectary? What sweetness, what purity in his manners! What an atleeting it relate diferent incidents relative to the same facts; one being more im gracefulness in his delivery! What sublimity in his maxime! What profound
by one circumstance, and another by a ditlerent one. It must also be wisdom in his discourses! What presence of inind, what subtlety, what truth in kecid, that the apostles were not always together, being sent forth on dif bis replies! How great the command over his passions! Where is the man, At misjons; (Mark vi. 7. :) consequently they did not all witness the same where the philosopher, who could so live, and so die, without weakness, and
e por all hear the same discounes. Our Lord mirht work many similar withont ostentation! When Plato described his imaginary good man, loaded E
and driver the same parables, with some variety of imagery or ex. with all the shame of guilt, yet meriting the highest rewards of virtue, ho de100, 00 tittrent occasinna, Matthew or Mark Inight record the one, and scribed exactly the character of Jesus Christ : the resemblance was so striking, Luke ox John the other; and this would account for discrepancies which have, that all the Fathers perceived it.
It rean, ben magnified into contradictions. There is also a great lati. "What prepossession, what blindners must it be, to compare the son of Sotot arranty in the Greek, as well as Euglish particles of time and place; phroniscus (Socrates) to the son of Mary! What an infinite disproportion there
ditterently rendered, may occazion seeming inconsistencies, where real is between them! Socrates, dying without pain or ignorniny, easily supported u have sot existed.
his character to the Inst; and if his death, however easy, had not crowned his
life it might have been doubted whether Socrutca, with all his wiadom, was any The Old and Neo Dispensations (or Testaments) compared.
thing more than a rain sophist. He invented, it is said, the theory of morals
Others, however, had put them in practice; he had only to say, therefore, what 1. But there is another point of view in which the harmony of the Now Testa- they had done, and to reduce their examples to preceptg. Aristides had been h
considered, panely, as it corresponds with the Old Testament in just before Socrates defined justice ; Leonidas had given up his life for his counseterineres punts of view, two or three of which we shall just mention. try before Socrates declared patriotism to be a duty; the Spartans were a soler 1. (
O r distorically, we may observe, that the Mosaic revelation is not people before Socrates recommended sobriety ; before he had even defined vir. B
u lut ronfirmed by that of Christ. The former may lead a dispag. ine, Greece abounded in virtuous men. But where could Jesus learn, among is purer to unl.race the latter ; but the latter so necessarily supposes the his competitors, that pure and sublime morality, of which he only hath given us
that we find it dificult to conceive of any man as a believer in Christ, both procent and example: The greatest wisdom was made known amidst the O TE M
and the Prophets. Indeed our Saviour himself place this in most bicotied fanatirisın, and the simplicity of the most heroic virtues did honour *F* wint of view, when he says, "If men hear not Moses and the
to the vilest people on earth. The death of Socrates, peaceably philosophiPr is, Deither will they be persuaded, though one rise from the dcad.” (Luke zing with his friends, appears the most agreeable that could he wished for ; that
of Jesus. expiring in the midst of agonizing pains : abused, insulted, and accu21 Kew Testament corresponds with the Old as it contains the fulfilment sed by a whole nation; is the most horrible that could be scared. Socrates, on
T of 1* rothecit; these particularly which relate to the Messiah. To receiving the cup of poison, blessed indeed the weeping exccutioner whead. 'Lite all the Prophets witness." From the first promise, that the seed of ministered it; but Jesus, in the midst of excruciating tortures, prayed for his
Wigan bull bruise the serpent's head, we have a long series of predictions, merciless tormentors. Yes, if the life and death of Socrates were those of a I
t the character and works, the life and death, resurrection and future sage, the life and death of Jesus are those of a God Shall we suppose the Evrul .11 of the Mezziah the fulfilment of which is distinctly pointed out in pelical History a mere fiction? Indeed, my friend, it bears not the marks of hea part of the New Testament, and particularly in the Gospels. Some tion; on the contrary, the history of Socrates, which noborly irraunes to doubt,
* o! the Old Atament nicy be cited only by way of accommodation is not so well attested as that of Jesus Christ. Such a supposition, in fact, only P r i n others, quoted by way of argument, have stood the test of sbifts the difficulty, without obviating it: it is inore inconceivable that a num Binetunaton).
Ter of persons should agree to write such a history, than that one only should Timlinstitutions are a species of prophecy, by means of emblems and figu
furnish the subject of it. The Jewish authors were incapable of the diction, tu hatch, though not so weil understood in our western world, were and trangers to the morality contained in the gospel, the marks of whose run
u tily intelligible un satisfactory with the clearest verbal prophe. are so striking and inimitable, that the inventor would be it more astonishing T e ss into the craintries are surprised to find the frequency of figu: character than the hero.''! (Litter to the Archbishop of Paris) nativy gri , und the case with which it is understood. Among the Old Testa. How lamentable is it to add, that a man who saw thus clearly the beauty of
9 are the most interesting and important. The scape the gospel. was prevented, by the depruvity of his own heart, fron embracing itib tascbal laund, and the whole burnt offering, all, though in diferent it. He at once admired and buted it.
of view, direct us to the ono offering of Messiah. But the New Testa untuk it clear away the obscurity of furiner propliecies, presents us with
The Authenticity of the four Gospels. & seneser none no les distance into futurity than those of Abraham and J . and terminating only with the church and with the world. Our Lord m. of the authority of the four Gospels already named, we shall quote only IT fursteld the past calamilies and present dispersion of the Jews. St, the concluding remarks of Dr. Lardner
* tiba drzwo the character of the Man of Sin, and marked his progress and "In the first part of this work (his Credibility') it was shown," says the Doc
final enthrowbut St. John, in his Revelations, presents us with the most extor. " that there is not any thing in the books of the New Testament, however t e probeeix ever exhibited. They are indeed enveloped in the same ob- strictly canvassed, inconsistent with their supposed time and authors. , :,:. 17ty as of former ages; but Time has already partially withdrawn the
In this second part we have had express and positive evidence, that these books teia, aste pas et on, will still roll back the remaining clouds.
were written by those whose names they bear, even the Apostles of Jesus Christ, 3. A r t of TOW in which these dispensations may be compared. re
who was crucitid at Jerusalem in the reign of Tiberius Cazar, when Pontius thru peculiar temper and spirit. That of the Old Testament was partial Pilate was governor in Judea ; and their well known companions and fellow@ pure It was contined to the children of circumcision; yea, with some labourers. It is the concurring testimony of early and later ages, and of writers
Imposto a single nation, and that one of the smallest, and which, as their in Europe, Asia, and Africa, and of men of different sentiments in divers reOD Yripteasure us, bad as little to boast in reanect of merit as of num spects. For we have had before 18 the testimony of those called heretice, ....
b . Du ni 7, 8 Dan. ix. 8, 16.) But the gospel has in it nothing peculiar as well as Catholics. These books were received from the beginning with the t oy ratio). (country. We have the clearest proofs in matter of fact, that greatest respect, and have been publicly and aolemnly read in the assemblies of
streally with the climates of England, of India, and of Labrador. It is Christians throughout the world, in every age from that time to this. They were of ba therefore, for universal use, and its universal spread is promised. carly translated into the languages of divers countries and people. They were I r svert also to the miracles with which each dispensation was introduced, quoted by way of proof in all arguments of a religious nature : and were ap
theme of Muses were miracles of judgment, inflicting punishment upon maled to, on both sides, in all points of controversy that arose among Chrissir
t, red, undeserved.) but of a very different character from those tians themselves. They were likewise recommended to the perusal of others as by which our Redeemer introduced the gospel: these were, almost without ex containing the authentic account of the Christian doctrine. And many com6142, mirecies of mercy:
mentaries have been writ to explain and illustrate them. All which afford full Arrotoar ont of view in which we may advantageously compare the Old assurance of their genuineneng and integrity. If these books bad not been writ ar! * Testaments, relates to the gradual development of divine truth, which
by those to whom they are ascribed, and if the things related in them had not that of licht, "spining more and more unto the perfect day.” The gos. been true, they coull not have been received from the beginning. If they conp e nsano dawned on Adam, and gradually opened during the Patriarchal tain a true account of things, the Christian religion is from God, and cannot but
z Mixac ensations: the Sun of rigliteousness aroxe under the clearer be embraced by serious and attentive men, who impartially examine, and are fre s of David and Solomon; but attained not its zenith until the day of willing to be determined by evidence." P u st, when the shadows of the Old Testament types were all withdrawn, of these four Gospels, the first and last (Matthew and John) were written and the whole scheme of redemption by Jesus Christ exhibited.
by two of our Lord's Apostles; the other two by the travelling companions of D e the riddle ages, indeer, darkness, even "such as might be felt," again Apostles, Mark with Peter, and Luke with Paul: so that, independent of their n a Christendon, but the Reformation in a great measure cleared a way I own inspiration, the writers had the best possible means of correct information. the d im; and that mighty engine, Printins, has diffused its truths more einsively than ten thousand Missionaries could have done. Nor has it rested
TA judicions writer has remarked, that few Deixte have venture to attack the moral cha. there. By use invention of stereotype and steam printing, a new impulso has racter of Christ. Even Thorun Paine, in the indst of his virulence against Christianity, br TY to thua vast inachine. Stram navigation is another important dis observes, "Nothing that is here said can apply, even with the most distant disrespect, to the outy. Whh will facilitate the rapid dispersion both of Bibles and of Missiona. real character of Jesus Christ. He was a ririous and amiable man. The mority that he o throatest the world.
preachelan practised was of the most benevolent kind." The prvival of zeal and energy in the propagation of the Christian religion Nothing, however, is too daring for some writers A French infidel of the name of Volney among almost all denominations of Christians, promises a speedy accomplish
undertook to prove, in spite of all history, sacrel and profane, that Christ (or Christus, as he
calls him) was an allegurical personages the Sun, fu answer to which ridiculous notion it of the divine predictions, Christianity is planted in every quarter of the
we need only refer to Grotius' work "On the Truth of the Christian Religion." ud is spreading on every hand. Savages of Africa, and in every part of
Grotius says, “ That Jesus of Nazareth formerly lived in Juden, in the reign of Tiberius, th: Parabr 0cr'an, hitherto considered as the most untameable, are stretching the Roman emperor, is constantly acknowledged, not only by Christianailísescu all over the
ottheir hands to welcome it ; Hindoos have began to throw away their caste; world, but also liy all the Jews which now are, or have ever wrote in erd the biruted Chinese are studying in their own language, the printed word of is also testified by heathens, that is, such as did not write either on the Jewish or Christian G'. The 1% a shaking" even" among the dry bones" of the house of Is- religion: Suetonius. Tacitus, Pliny the younger, and many after these. " rar!, and Scripture and facts equally assure us, that the time is coming, when Appeal may also be marle, not only to the receivel, but the epocryphal gospels, not only
to Josephus, but to Trypho and Celti9, the great Jewish and Papa antigonists of Chris • Gerek tot un bon (ko ) signifie "good news in general ; in the New tianity. In hort, there is no great character of equal antiquity-heither Juwe nor Augens Tantame, a confined to the " news of salvation by Jesais Christ.” The word gospel | Cursar; neither Cato nor Cicero ; neither Virgil nor Horace-whose exista od obardoter adered from the Anslo-Saxon god, good, and spell, message, or news
is better attested.
of thoseminents in
94. The purable of the marriage feast. Matt. xxi. 1-14.
95. About paying tribute ; Christ confutes the Sadduceos, and puzzles the 1. St. Luke's preface. Luke i. 1-4.
scriber. Matt. xxii, 15–46. Mark xi. 13----37. Luke xx. 20-4 2. Christ's divinity. John 1-5.9-14.
96. The Pharisees and scribes taxed and threatened. Mark xii. 36-40. Luke xx. 3. John the Baptist's birth foretold, and Christ's. Luke i. 5.
4547 4. Mary in danger to be put away. Matt. i. 18.
97. The widow's two mites. Mark xii. 41-44. Luke xxi, 1-4. 5. Christ's birth. Luke ii. 1--20.
98. Christ foretels the destruction of Jerusalem, and the Jewish state. Matt. 6. Christ's pedigree both by father and mother. Matt. i. 1-17. Luke üi. 23.
xxx, 1-51, Mark xui. 1–37, Luke xi. 5-6, 7. Christ's circumcision; Mary's purification. Luke ü. 21-40.
99. The parable of the virgins and talents; the last judgment described. Matt. xv. 8. The wise men. Matt. i.
100. Christ washes his disciples' feet, &c. John Xu. 9. Christ disputes with the doctors. Luke ii. 41.
101. The preparation for the passover. Matt. xxvi, 1-5. 14-19. Mark xiv. 1, 2, 10. John's ministry. Matt. ii. 1-12. Mark i 1-8. Luke üü. 1-18. Johni. 6-8.
10-16. Luke xxii. 1-13. 11. Christ baptized. Matt. ii. 13-17. Mark i, 9-11. Luke iü, 21-23. John i. 102. Christ institutes the sacrament of the LORD'S supper. Matt. xxvi. 20, 30. 15-18.
Mark xiv. 17-26. Luke xxij. 14--23. 12. Christ tempted. Matt. iv, 1-11. Mark i. 12-23. Luke iv. 1-13.
103. Christ begins his consolatory discourse. John xiv. 13. John's testimony of Christ; gorne disciplos called. John i. 19.
104. Chris! the true vine. John xv. 14. Christ's first miracle. John ii.
105. Christ comforts his disciples. John xvi. 15. Christ's discourse with Nicodemus, &c. John üi.
106. Christ's mediatory prayer. John xvii. 16. John imprisoned. Matt. xiv. 3-5. Mark vi. 17-20. Luke ju. 19, 20.
107. Christ wams his disciples of their forsaking him. Matt. xxvi. 31-5. Mark 17. Christ converts many Samaritans, &c. Matt. iv. 12. John iv.
xiv. 27-31. Luke xxii. 22-39. John xvill. 1, 2. 18. Christ preaches in Galilee. Matt. iv. 17. Mark i. 14, 15. Luke iv. 14, 15. 108. Christ's agony, Matt. xxvi. 36-46 Mark xiv. 32-42. Luke xxii. 40–46. 19. Christ preaches at Nazareth. Luke iv. 16-30.
109. Christ's apprehension. Matt. xxvi. 49-56. Mark xiv. 43-52. Luke wii. 20. Christ at Capernaum. Matt. iv. 13--16. and viii. 2-17. Mark i. 21-45. Luke
47-53. Joim xviii. 3-11. IV. 31-44. and v. 12-16.
110. Christ's arraignment. Matt, xxvi. 57–68. Mark xiv. 53-65. Luke xxii. 54. 21. Christ heals a man sick of the palsy. Matt. ix. 2-8. Mark ü. 1-12. Luke 63-65. John xviii. 12-16. 16-24. v. 17--26.
111. Peter's denial. Matt. xxvi. 69-75. Mark xiv. 66–72. Luke xxii. 55–62. Joha 22. Christ calls Peter, &c. Matt. iv. 18–22. Mark i. 16-20. Luke v. 1-10.
XVIII. 17, 18, 25-27. 23. Christ calls Matthew, and eats with him. Matt. ix. 9-17. Mark ii. 132 112. Christ's arraignment before the ranhedrim, Pilate and Herod. Matt. xxvii. Luke v, 17-39.
1, 2, 11-14. Mark xv. 1-5. Luke xxi. 66, and 71, xxiv. 1-12. John xvm. 21. Christ asserts bis godhead. John v.
29--38. 25. The disciples pluck ears of com. Matt. xii. 1-8. Mark ii. 23-28. Luke vi. 113. Chris: condernned by Pilate. Matt. xxvii. 15-23. and 26-30. Mark xv. 15.
6-19. Luke xxiii. 13–25. Jolin xviii. 39, 40. and xix. 1-3, and xvi. C ust heals many. Matt. xii. 9-16. Mark ii. 1-12. Luke vi. 6-11.
114. Judas hangs himself. Matt. xxviii. 3-10. en wi chooses and ordains his apostles. Mark ii. 13-21. Luke vi o 19. 115. Christ crucified. Matt. xxvii. 31–56. Mark xv. 20–41. Luke xxii. 36-49. 28. CAN 's sermon on the Mount Matt v. 1--12. Luke vi. 20--36.
John xix. 16-37. 29. Matt. vi.
116. Christ's burial. Matt. xxvii. 57-61. Mark xv. 42–47. Luko xxii. 50–56. 30. Matt. vii. 1-30. Luke vi. 37-49.
John xix. 38-42. 31. The centurion's servant healed. Matt. viii. 1-13. Luke vii. 1-10.
117. Christ's resurrection. Matt. xxvüi. 1-8. Mark xvi, 1–9. Luke xxiv. 1-12 32. A widow's son raised. Luke vii. 11-17.
John X. 1-10. 33. John's message to Christ. Matt. xi. 2-19. Luke vii. 18-35.
118. Christ's appearing first to Mary Magdalene, then to others. Matt. xxviü. 31. Chorazin and Bethaaida upbraided. Matt. xi. 20.
9-15. Mark xvi. 10, 11. and 13, 14. Luke xxiv. 13-48. John xx. 11-20. 35. A woman anoints Christ. Luke vii. 36. and vill. 1-3.
119. Another appearance of Christ, and his discourse with Peter Joba xxi. 36. Or blasphemy against the Holy Ghost. Matt. xi. 22-46. Mark iii. 22-30. 120. Christ commissions his disciples, and afterwards ascends into heaven. Luke xi. 14-26. 29-32.
Matt. xxviii. 16-20. Mark xvi. 1520. Luke xxiv. 49-53. 37. Christ's mother and brethren seek him. Matt. xi. 46–50. Mark iii. 31-35.
Luke viii. 19-21. 38. The parable of the sower, &c. Matt. xii. 1-33. Mark iv. 1-34. Luke xiii.
The Parables of Jesus, arranged in Chronological Order, 4-18. and xii. 18-21. 39. A scribe will follow Christ. Mark iv. 35. Matt. viii. 18-22.
Parable of the
Places. 40. The disciples in a storin. Matt. viii. 23—27. Mark iv. 36-41. Luke viji.
Cap maum. Matt. xiii. 1-23. Tares, ....
.Capernaum. Matt. xii. 24-43. 41. Christ heals the possessed. Matt. viii. 28–34. Mark v. 1-20. Luke viii.
Seed springing up imperceptibly, ....... Capemaum. Mark iv. 26 --- 29.
Grain of mustard seed, ............ 26-39.
Matt. xii. 31, 32.
Capernaum. 42. Jairus's daughter raised. Matt. ix. 1-28. Mark v. 21-31. and 3243. Luke
Matt. xiii. 33. viii, 40-18. and 49–56.
Found treasure, .. .
Capernaum. Matl. xii. 44. 43. 'Two blind men cured. Matt. ix. 27-31.
Precious pearl, ...
Capernaum. Matt. xii. 45, 46. 44. Christ teaches at Nazareth. Matt. xiii. 54-58. Mark vi. 1-6.
Caernaum. Mutt. XII. 47-50. 45. Christ journeys again to Galilee. Matt. ix. 35.
Capernaum. Luke vii. 36-50 16. The apostles sent out. Matt. x. and xi. 1. Mark vi. 7-13. Luko ix. 1-6.
Capernaum. Matt. XVIII 23-35
Uinmerciful servant, .. 47. Jolm beheaded. Matt, xiv. 6-12. Mark vj. 21.-29.
Near Jericho. Luke x. 25-37. Rich fool, ...
Galilee. 48. Herod's opinion of Christ. Matt. xiv. 1, 2. Mark vi. 14-16. Luke ix. 7-9.
Luke xii. 16--21. Servants who waited for their Lord,
Galilee. 49. Five thousand fed. Matt. xix. 13-21. Mark vi, 30-41. Luke ix. 10-17. John
Luke mii 35-48.
Barren fig tree,................. vi. 1-13.
Luke xiu 6-9. Lost shop, ....................
Galileo, 50. Christ walks on the sea. Matt. xiv. 22--36. Mark vi. 45–56. John vi. 14-21.
Luke xv. 3--7. Lost piece of money, .............
Galilee. Luke v. 9-10. 51. Christ's flesh must be eaten. John vi. and viii. 1.
Galilee. Luke xv. 11-32 52. Impious traditions. Matt. xv. 1---20. Mark vii. 1-23.
Dishoncst sleward, ..............
Galilee. Luke xvi. 1-12 53. The wornan of Canaan's daughter healed. Matt. xv. 21-28. Mark vii. 24-30.
Rich man and Lazarus, .....
Galilee. Luke xvi 19-31. 54. A dumb inan healed. Matt. xv. 29-31. Mark viii. 31, &c.
Unjust judge, ........
Luke xvii. 155. Four thousand fed. Matt. xv. 32-39. Mark viii. 1--10.
Pharisee and publican, ..
Per . 56. The leaven of the Phariseeg. Matt. xvi. 1-12. Mark viii. 11-21.
Luke xvi. 914. Labourers in the vineyard,
Matt. xx. 1-16. 57. A blind man healed. Mark vüi. 22-28.
Jericho Liike xir. 12-27. 58. Peter's confession of Christ. Matt. xvi. 13-28. Mark viii. 27-38. and ix.
Two sons, ...........
Jerusalem. Matt. xxi. 28-32 1. Luke ix. 18--27.
Jerusalem. Matt. XX. 8316. 59. Christ's transfiguration. Matt. xvii. 1-13. Mark ix. 2-13. Luke ix. 29–36.
Marriage feast, .................
Jemsalem. Matt. xi. 1-14. 60. Christ cures a lunatic child. Matt. xvii. 14-23. Mark ix. 14-32. Luke ix.
Matt. xxv, 1-13. Talents....
Jerusalem Matt. xv. 14-30. 61. Humility pressed. Matt. xviii, 1-9. Mark ix. 38-50. Luke ix. 46-50.
Sheep and the als,.....
....., Jerusalem. Matt xxv. 31-46. 62. The feast of tabernacles. John vii. 2-9. 63. Christ gove to Jerusalem. Luke ix. 51. John vii. 10. 61. The seventy sent forth. Luke x. 1-6.
The Miracies of Christ, arranged in Chronological Order. 65. Christ at the feast of tabernacles. John vii. 11, &c. 66. An adulteress, &c. John viii.
Places. 67. A blind man healed. John ix.
Turns water into wine, ............ Cana.
John ii. 1-11. 69, (Christ the good Shepherd. John X. 1-21.
Cures the nobleman's son of Capernaum,. Cana.
John iv. 46-64. 69. The seventy return. Luke x. 17.
Causes a miraculous draught of fishes, .... Sea of Galilee. Luke v. 1-11. 70. The efficacy of prayer. Luke xi. 1--13. 27, 28, 33, &c.
Cures a demoniac, ...:
Capernaum. Mark i. 22-28, 71. Against hypocrisy, carnal fear, covetousness, &c. Luke xii
Heals Peter's wife's mother of a fever, ... Capernaum. Mark 1. 30, 31. 72. An exhortation to repentance. Luke xui. 1--17.
Heals a lejer..................
Capernaum. Mark i. 40–45. 73. The feast of dedication. Luke xii. 22. John X. 22.
Heals the centurion's servant.........
Capernaum. Matt. vii. 5-13. 74. The strait gate, Luke xiii, 23.
Raises the widow's son,............
Luko yu. 11-17. 75. A dropsical man healell; the wedding feast. Luke xiv.
Calms the tempest, .............
Sea of Galilee. Matt. viti. 93--27. 76. The lost sheep, gout, and son, Luke xv.
Cures the demoniacs of Gadara,.... Gadara. Matt. viü. 2-34. 77. The unjust steward and rich glutton. Luke xvi.
Cureg a man of the palsy...........
Capernaum. Matt. ix. 1-8. 78. Scandal to be shunned, &c. Luke xvii.
Restores to life the daughter of Jairus, ... Capernaum. Mall, ix, 18-26. 79. The unjust judge and proud Pharisee. Luke xviii. 1-14.
Cures a woman discared with a flux of blood, Capernaum. Luke viii. 43-13 80. Concerning divorce. Matt. xix. 1--12. Mark x. 1-12.
Restores to sight two blind men, ........
Capernaum. Matt. ix. 27-31. 81. Little children brought to Christ, &c. Matt. xix. 19-30. Mark X. 13–31. | Heals one possessed with a dumb spirit, .. Capernaum. Matt. ix. 32, 33. Luke xviii. 15-30. Matt. xx. 1-16.
Cures an infirm man at Bethesda,...... Jerusalem. John v. 1-9. 82 Lazarus sick. Luke xi. 1-16.
Cures a man with a withered hand,... Judea. Matt. xii. 10-13. 83. Christ foretels his passion. Matt. xx. 17-19. Mark x. 32-34. Luke xviii. Cures a demoniac,............. Cajornaum. Matt. xi. 92, 23. 31-34.
Feeds miraculously five thousand, ...... Decapolis. Matt. xiv. 15-A1. 84. The request of the sons of Zebedee. Matt. xx. 20–29. Mark x. 35-45. Heals the woman of Canaan's daughter, Nour Tyre. Matt. xv. 22-28. 85. A blind man healed ; Zaccheus converted; the parable of the pounds. Matt. Heals a man who was dumb and denf, ... Decapolis. Mark vii. 31-37. XX. 29. Mark x. 46. Luke xviii. 35-13. and xix. 1--27.
Feeds miraculously four thousand, ..... Decapolis. Matt. xv. 32-39 86. Lazarus raised. John xi. 17.
Gives sight to a blind man, .......... Bethsauda. Mark Xul, 22-25. 87. Mary anoints Christ. Matt. xxvi. 6-13. Mark xiv. 3-9. John xii. 1-11. Cures a boy possessed of a devil, ... Tabor Matt. xvii. 14--21. 88. Christ's kingly entrance into Jerusalem, and casting buyers and sellers ont Restores to sight a man born blind, .. . Jerusalem. John ix.
of the temple. Matt. xxi. 1-16. Mark xi. 1-11. 15-19. Luke xix. 28-38. Heals a woman under an infirmity eighteen John xii. 12-19.
Galilce. Luke xiii. 11-17. 89. Some Greeks desire to gee Christ. John xii. 20.
Cures a dropsy, ................
Galilee. Luke xiv. 1-6 90. The fig tree cursed. Matt. xxi. 17–22. Mark xi. 11-14. and 20-26. Lukexxi. Cleanses ten lepers, ...
Samaria. Luke xvü. 14-19. 37, 39.
Raises Lazanis from the dead, ........ Bethany, John xi. 91. Christ's authority questioned. Matt. xxi. 23–27. Mark xi. 27–33. Luke Restores to sight two blind men, ......
Jencho. Matt. XX. 30-34 xix. 148.
Blasts the fig tree, :::........
Olivet. Matt. xxi. 18--92 92 The parable of the two sons. Matt. xxi. 28. 32. Mark xi. 1.
Heals the ear of Malchus, ..
Gethsemano. Luke xxu. 50, 51.
.. 83. The vineyard let out. Matt. xxi. 33-46. Mark xi. 1--12. Luke xx. 9-19.
chte Causes the miraculous draught of fishes,.. Sea of Galilee. John xxi. 1-11,