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dust upon their heads toward heaven. and none spake a word unto him: for

13 So they sat down with him upon they saw that his grief was very great. the ground “ seven days and seven nights,

1

4:2. Ps. 77:4.

| Ezra 9:3. Neh. 1:4. Is. 3.26. 47:).

m Gen. 1.5,8.

ing him to despair, and to blasphemy as its never change, that we may learn to love God and out failing effect.

neighbor. And as men will give all they have to V. 12, 13. Job seems to have been at this time save their lives; we should argue, that it is true in the open air; when his friends, astonished at wisdom to part with our property, or liberty, or what they saw, and perceiving him so altered country, nay, with our very lives, to secure the that they could not know him, expressed their salvation of our immortal souls. But to infer, grief by every emphatical token, and burst out that all men are alike mercenary, and that the into loud lamentations. It should not, however, inost excellent actions of pious persons spring be concluded from the language here used, that from the same carnal and selfish principles, as he and his friends remained together in the same the most atrocious crimes of the profane; manis place, all the time preceding their debate, and fests the malice of Satan himself, tends to render during its continuance. At proper seasons they the vilest characters contented in their wicked. came to Job, and sat by him as mourners; butness, subserves the cause of infidelity, and insinthey were so affected by a view of his misery, luates that all religion is pretence and imposture. that they remained silent before him. It is prob- Yet, who does not often hear such suggestions, able, they suspected that his unprecedented ca- from those who would not be thought to stand lamities were judgments on him for some enor- forth as the avowed advocates of impiety or mous crimes, which he bad veiled under a hypocrit. || atheism? To confute such accusations by stubical profession of religion: but they did not choose born facts, the Lord is pleased to give leave to to augment bis grief, by abruptly bringing this malice, to exert her utmost power, in putting this charge against him; yet they could not use the matter to the trial; in the midst of afflictions and ordinary topics of consolation. Perhaps they persecutions he enables the believer to retain bis conferred among theinselves on the subject, and integrity; and, while the men of the world give agreed to wait and observe his conduct, and to up honor, conscience, and their souls, to save take an opportunity of speaking, as circunstances their lives, the servant of God renounces all, and might appear to them. Perhaps also Job suspect- even lays down his life, rather than disobey and ed the cause of their silence; and his anguish on dishonor his Lord. Thus, in innumerable in that account, might give Satan an occasion of stances, have the patient and constant sufferings tempting him to use the passionate language re- of godly men confounded, rather than gratified, corded in the ensuing chapter, which confirmed the malice of their slanderous persecutors; and his friends in their harsh suspicions, and gave rise proved to a demonstration an essential difference to the subsequent debate.

between those, who are only born of the flesh,"

and those who "are born again of the Spirit.”— PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. We cannot know how far the Lord, in his unV. 1-8.

searchable counsels may see fit to suffer our eneHoly angels are not more unwearied in serving mies to prevail. They may be permitted, not God and in doing good, than evil spirits are in only to tear from us all earthly comforts, and to rebellion and mischief: and when baffled in their fill our bodies and souls with most exquisite attempts, they are pushed on, by pride and enmity, agony; but even to seduce our beloved friends to still further disappointinent and disgrace.-Ås to become our tempters, or accusers: we should Satan persists in accusing the people of God, not-|| therefore stand prepared for trials, and “rejoice withstanding the evidences which they give of with trembling" in every external advantage.piety and integrity: so will bis servants upon When we are most bealthy and vigorous, we earth persist in slandering them, in defiance of should remember to what loathsome diseases our demonstration itself. From “their father” they bodies are liable; and that they may shortly belearn to put a bad construction upon the best ac- come a mass of putrefaction, which could scarce. tions of good men, and to ascribe then, to basely be known or endured by our most affectionate motives. (Notes, John 8:37–47.). The piety of friends. Instead then of being vain of thein, or believers is called hypocrisy; their self-denial, bestowing pains in decorating or pampering them; affectation; their liberality, ostentation; their re- let us seek for the incorruptible ornaments and signation, want of natural affection; their meek-unfading beauties of holiness. Let us be thankness, want of spirit; and their contempt of world- ful for our present measure of health, or the atly pleasure, and dislike to trifling and profane tendance which we receive in sickness: and let company, are ascribed to want of taste, and to a us look through the grave, to the risen and glorimorose, unsociable disposition. But the Lord fied Jesus, and expect his second coming, when will vindicate the character of his servants; and he shall change our vile bodies, that they may he delights in their constancy and submission be fashioned like unto his glorious body, accordamidst trials and temptations, because they glorifying to the working, whereby he is able even to the power of his grace. He will therefore, at subdue all things unto himself.”—In humiliating some times, without any other peculiar cause, circumstances, a humble deportment should be give their enemies permission to prove them in observed: and when we are in great pain and various ways. They mean to destroy them; but sickness, deserted, insulted, destitute of neceshe intends to purify their hearts, to exalt their saries or convenient attendance, or laboring ungraces, and to enhance their glorious recompense: der a complication of every distress; we should and, though the trial may be severe; yet it is the meditate on the sufferings of Job, on bis patience, post of honor, and the event will be unspeakably on the love of God to him, and on his happy dehappy. (Notes, Gen. 50:20. Is. 10:7. Hab. 1: liverance: and we should also look unto the suf12-17. Rom. 8:35--39. 1 Pet. 4:12—16.)– The fering Savior, and compare our light afflictions insinuations of Satan and his factors are most with his unknown sufferings, “lest we be wearied dangerous, when most plausible, and when they and faint in our minds.” (Notes, Heb. 12:2,3. Jam. are sophistical inferences from undoubted truths. 5:7-11.) Men are indeed naturally selfish, and prone to

V. 9-13. disregard all others in comparison of themselves, The temporal comforts reserved to us, when their own ease, interest, or indulgence. Hence others are removed, often prove the sources of it is evident we all need an inward and graciousllour severest anguish. The enemy knows how to

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CHAP. JII.

death + stain it; let a cloud dwell upon

6 Job vehemently curses the day of his birth, 1–10. He com- | it; 1 let the blackness of the day terrify it. plains, because he died not from the womb; and expatiates on The quietness of the grave, 11-19. He longs for present

6 1s for that night, let darkness seize death, and bemoans bis misery, 20–26.

upon it: I let it not be joined unto the FTER this bopened Job his mouth, days of the year; let it not come into the and cursed his day.

number of the months. 2 And Job *spake, and said,

7 Lo, let that night be i solitary; let 3 Let the day perish wherein I was

no joyful voice come therein. born, and the night in which it was said,

8 Let them curse it that curse the day, There is a man-child conceived.

k who are ready to raise up || their mourn4 Let that day be e darkness; let not

ing. God regard it from above, neither let

9 Let the stars of the twilight thereof the light shine upon it.

be dark; let it 'look for light, but hare 5 Let darkness and the shadow of

† Or, challenge.

d

a 1:22. 2.10.
b 35:16. Ps. 39.2.3. 106:33.
¢ 3. 1:11. 2.5.9. Jer. 20.14,15.

Heb. answered.
d 10:18,19. Jer. 15:10. 20:14,15.
e Ex. 19:22, 23. Joel 2:2. Am.
5:18. Matt. 27:45. Acts 27:20.

Rev. 16:10.
í Deut. 11.12.
10:21,22. 16:16. 24:17. 28:3.
38:17. Ps. 23:4. 44.19. 107:10,
14. Is. 9.2. Jer 2:6. 13.16.
Am. 5:8. Matt. 4.16, Luke 1
79.

the days.
h Deut. 4.11. Ez. 30.3. 34: 12. i ls. 13 20-22. 24:8. Jer. 7.34.
Joel 2.2. Heb. 12:13

Rev. 1822,23.
Or, let them terrify it, as k2Chr. 35:25. Jer. 9.17,18. Am.
those who have a bitter day. 5:16. Matt. 11:17. Mark 5.38.
Jer. 4:28. Am. 8.10.

|| Or, a leviathan. 41:1.10.
Or, let it not rejuice among /

30:26. Jer. 8:15. 13. 16.

suit his temptations to our circumstances, and is changed to poetry, which is adorned by bold to send them by those persons that possess most figures, according to the genius of the East. influence over us: we should then consider, not For seven days Job's friends had come, and sat who proposes, but what is proposed to us. (Note, by bim, without either speaking consolation to Matt. 16:21-23. P. 0. 21–28.}No temptation him, or mentioning their suspicions: but doubtis so dangerous to the afflicted, as that to despair.' less their distant and reserved behavior inWhen a man is induced to regard God as an ir-.creased bis inward anguish. At the same time, reconcilable enemy, his heart naturally rises in we may suppose, Satan assaulted his mind with enmity, and vents this in blasphemy; every means all possible temptations, to fill him with hard of grace is neglected, any crime ventured on thoughts of God, as if he were severe, unjust, with eagerness, and suicide may probably close and his enemy; to shake bis confidence and bope; the horrid career. Let us then “watch and pray, and, by filling him with horror and dismay, to that we enter not into temptation.” (Notes, 1 urge him to “curse God to his face.” His perSam. 28:12—25. 31:3–6. Matt. 27:3_-5. 2 Cor. mission seems to have extended to this, as well 2:5–11.)-We ought not to judge of the Lord's as to the torturing of bis body; provided he did love to us, by outward events or present feelings, not kill him, or deprive him of reason.-In this, but should rest our hopes upon his holy word; and Job was an especial type of Christ, whose inward consider every hard thought of God, as a "fiery sufferings, both in the garden and on the cross, dart” of the enemy, which must be “quenched” are generally allowed to have been far the most without a moment's delay, by whatever means it dreadful, and in a great degree occasioned by may have been excited. It is also desirable, to the assaults of the devil in that hour of darkness: possess our souls in meekness, and to answer even (Notes. Matt. 26:36–39. Luke 22:39—53.) and our tempters with calmness and reason, as well when Job's trial was come to its extremity, we as with decided abhorrence of sin.—None but' may conclude, that he was deprived of all comthe foolish will habitually say, that there is no fortable sense of God's favor, and filled with ground for hope in God, nor any benefit in serv- dread of his wrath. Unless we bring these ining him: none but the ungodly can deliberately ward trials into the account, we shall not readily persuade us to despair, blasphemy, or self-murder. comprehend the change wbich took place in his But if any one who has appeared to be a pious conduct, from the entire resignation of the preChristian, should once, under urgent distresses, ceding chapters, to the impatience which apdrop a hint which tends to such conclusions; we pears here, and in the subsequent part of the should remind him, whose work he is doing, and book. But this consideration solves the difficulwhose language he speaks.-Did we duly re-ty: Job's inward conflict and anguish, added to member our sins against God, we should not all his outward sufferings, caused in-dwelling wonder, that amidst our many blessings, we had sin to work powerfully, and at length it burst also heavy afflictions: we should rather say, “It forth in many improper expressions. He had is of the Lord's mercies that we are not con- long repressed the thoughts of his heart: but at sumed;" and receive the severest of them with last "he opened his mouth;” not, (as that expresthankfulness as well as patience: and thus they sion generally imports,) to utter wise instrucwould become our richest gain.— Those friends, tions, deliberately and gravely, but bitter exewho crush the afflicted believer with hard cen-||crations upon the day of his birth. For he vainsures and suspicions, are as real tempters, as those ly hoped to ease his mind by giving vent to the who persuade him to blasphemy and apostacy.- fire which burned within.—The experienced beIt is an indispensable duty of the Christian to liever, however, knows that a few drops of this visit and comfort his afflicted brethren, as he has bitter cup are more dreadful than the sharpes opportunity; for it is equally useful to him, as to affictions, under which he is preserved from in them: and the greatest as well as the meanest ward temptation, and favored with the sweet should attend upon it, without shrinking from in- sense of the love and presence of God. He will conveniences, or disagreeables. But alas! we not therefore be much surprised, to find that Job often prove miserable comforters of each other, proved bimself “a man of like passions" with augmenting instead of alleviating one another's others, and prone to folly and impatience; but grief. So that our whole dependence for conso-|| will rejoice that Satan was disappointed, and lation, must be placed on God alone.

could not prove him a hypocrite: for though he NOTES.

cursed the day of his birth, he did not curse his CHAP. III. V. 1. Here the style of the book | God. (Note, 1:9—11.)

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none; neither let it see * the dawning of 15 Or with princes that had gold, who the day:

o filled their houses with silver: 10 Because mit shut not up the doors 16 Or as ' an hidden untimely birth I of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow had not been; as infants which never saw from mine eyes. [Practical Observations.]

light. 11 | Why o died I not from the 17 There y the wicked cease from womb? why did I not give up the ghost troubling; and there the weary be ? at P when I came out of the belly?

rest. 12 Why did 9 the knees prevent me? 18 There the prisoners rest togethor why the breasts that I should suck?

er; they hear not the voice of the op13 For now should I have lain still, | pressor. and been quiet: I should have slept; "then 19 • The small and great are there; bad I been at rest,

c and the servant is free from his master. 14 With kings and counsellors of the 20 - Wherefore is elight given to him earth, which built desolate places for that is in misery, and life unto the bitthemselves;

ter in soul?

a Ex. 5:6-8,15_19. Judg. 4:3. * Heb. the eye-lids of the q Gen. 30:3. 50:23. Is. 66:12.

Kings 10:27. Is. 2:7. Zeph. 1:

b

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d

с

Is. 46:3.

morning. 41:18. m 10:18,19. Gen. 20:18. 29.31, 32. 1 Sam. 1:5. Ec. 6:2-5. Jer. 20.17,18.

6:2.3. 10:1. 23:2. Ec. 11:10. o Ps. 58:8. Jer. 15:10. Hos. 9:

14. P Ps. 22:9,10. 71:6. 139:13-16.

Ez. 16:4,5.
r Ec. 6:3—5. 9:10.
$ 30:23.

1 Kings 2:10. 11:43.
Ps. 49:6-10,14. 89:48. Ec. 8:
8. Is. 14:10-16. Ez. 27:18-
32.
t 15:28. Is. 5:3. Ez. 26:20.

0 22:25. 27:16. Num. 22:18. 1

Is. 14:3,4. 18. Zech. 9.3.

b 30:23. Ps. 49:2.6-10. Ee. 8: x Ps. 58:8. Cor. 15:8.

8. 41:5,7. Luke 16:22,23. Heb. y 14:13. Ps. 55:5-8. Matt. 10. 9:27. 28. Luke 12:4. 2 Thes. 1:6,7 c Ps. 49:14–20. 2 Pet. 2:8.

d 6:9. 7:15,16. | Heb. wearied in strength. e 16. 33:28,30. z Is. 57:1,2. Heb. 4:9,11. Rev. f 7:15,16. 1 Sam. 1:10. 2 Kings 14:13.

4:27. Prov. 31:6.

V. 2—10. Here we find Job giving utterance vented, and in time the soul recovers its comto his anguish, by a variety of curses on the day posure. (Note, Gal. 5:16—18.-Doubtless, Job of his birth, (a day generally remembered on its was afterwards heartily ashamed of this language: annual return, with tokens of joy,) because he but what must his judgment of it be now, in the would thus declare a vain wish that he had never fuil enjoyment of unchangeable felicity! Does been born. He would have the day and night, he now curse the day of his birth? Does he now on which he was born, to the joy of his parents, I wish that he had never been born? His own reexpunged from the year; or at least to be one proof of his wife belonged also to himself, though continued and dreary night. He would have it not in the same degree: for on this occasion he marked with tokens of God's abhorrence, and by spake, as “one of the foolish men,” (Note, 2:10.) every terrifying appearance; that men might and thus he confirmed his friends in their unfadread its approach, spend it in solitude, and re- vorable opinion of him. joice when it was over; that it might even be V. 11-19. When Job bad exhausted his such a season, as the Egyptians experienced rhetoric in cursing the day of his birth, he next during the plague of darkness. Notes, E.c. 10: inquired, why he did not die as soon as he was 21,23. Ps. 18:46–49.) He would have it cursed born: and thus he not only murmured against by those, who superstitiously marked certain God for sparing his life; but expostulated with days as ominous; and employed in wailings, by those who were present at his birth, as if now those who were engaged to mourn at funerals; before him, for their tender attention to him in or, as some interpret it, spent in horrid incanta- | that helpless state! For had none nursed and tions, by those who dealt with Satan, and brought suckled him, when a new-born infant, he should him up by their witchcrafts: for the original is not have lived to endure his present sufferings. literally, “those who are ready to raise up Levia- The event of his afflictions, to himself, and to than;" :Note, Is. 27:1.). And all this, because the church, through successive ages, fully rethe day did not prevent his being born, and, by solves his questions, and shews for what impormaking his mother's womb bis grave, preserve tant purposes he was preserved. But under him from his present misery. (Note, Jer. 20:14 |this temptation, he thought of nothing but relief

-18.)-The wildness, absurdity, and impossi- || from anguish and distress: he knew that in the bility of these wishes, denote the tempest of his grave no pain was felt, and, for the moment, he soul: the cruelty to his mother, whose miserable scarcely looked any further; though in more ludeath should, as he thought, have prevented his cid intervals, he expressed a faith and hope conwretched life; and the ill will to mankind to cerning the eternal world. (Notes, 14:7–12. whom he would bequeath such a dreadful day, || 19:23—27.). His present misery made him, at may properly be noticed: but such exclamations, the time, think insensibility most desirable: and being the language of passion, cannot be measur- he amused himself with imagining, that if he had ed by the standard of reason. They imply, how - I died from the womb, he should have lain as quiet ever, an ungrateful contempt of God's gifts, and in the grave, as the most mighty monarchs, conrebellion against his will; and are utterly unbe- querors, or politicians; or as the most wealthy coming a sinner under a dispensation of mercy, or princes, who retained nothing of their acquisia believer in a state of grace. But during inwardtions but a desolate tomb, and were not a whit darkness and temptation, Satan so stirs up the superior to a still-born infant: he considered lacorruption of the heart, that the plainest truths borers, prisoners, and slaves, as there rescued and promises are forgotten; former and present from their oppressors, free as their masters, and mercies are disregarded; future prospects are at rest from their labor and pain. His words inclouded; and the soul verges to despondency and deed contain important truths: but if exemption blasphemy. Yet it is held back by the counter- from present suffering were all that can be exacting efficacy of divine grace, which subsistspected, there would be little reason to look forand operates, though it does not decidedly pre-ward to death with comfort, or to want delivervail; and thus the more dreadful effects are pre-llance from the sorrows of this present life.

h

21 Which long for death, but it I eat, and my roarings are poured cometh not; and 5 dig for it more than out like the waters. for hid treasures:

25 For the thing which I greatly 22 Which rejoice exceedingly, and feared is come upon me, and " that which are glad when they can find the grave? I was afraid of is come unto me. 23 Why is light given to a man whose

i

26 I was not in safety, neither had I way is hid, and whom God hath * hedged rest, neither was I quiet; ° yet trouble in? 24 For 'my sighing cometh before 1 Kings 19:4.

Heb. I feared a fear and it

came.

+ Heb. my meat.
m Ps. 22:1,2. 32:3. 38:8. Is. 59:
1. Lai, 38,

i Is. 40:27.
k 12:11. 19.8. Ps. 31:8. Lam. 3:

7,9. Hos. 2:6.
1 7:19. Ps. 80:5. 102:9.

came upon me.
n 1:5. 31.3.
0 27:9. Ps. 143:11.

& Num. 11:15.
Jon. 4:3,8. Rev. 9:6.
* Heb. wait.
h Prov. 2:4.

Built desolate places, &c. (14) Many explain under urgent troubles and temptations, the evil this of the sepulchres, which princes and nobles of the heart frequently bursts forth in very culoften built for themselves. (Notes, Is. 22:16. pable words and actions. None but the Savior Natt. 27:57–61.)

ever endured the extremity of anguish and tempV. 20—23. Finding the vanity of his impossi- tation, without any abatement of his love, any ble wishes, Job next complained ihat he was still mixture of sin, or any indications of impatience. forced to live, though weary of life: and he in- | - The pious reader will doubtless recollect seaquired the reason, why light, that is, life, was sons when, under afflictions comparatively light, given to the miserable. He did not mention the his heart has risen into the same kind of peevisbname of God, perhaps out of reverence to him, ness, ingratitude, rebellion, and despondency, for his better judgment checked the vehemence which Job discovered. Many will with shame of his passion; but he evidently reflected upon remember, that they have conceived and uttered him as unkind, in not at once terminating his rash and foolish wishes not wholly dissimilar to sufferings by death. He dared not rush uncalled those of Job: nay, some will be conscious, that into the presence of his Judge, by an act of des- half the burden which was laid on Job would perate rebellion and murder: Notes, 2:9.10.) have extorted from them still more desperate but he should exceedingly rejoice, if the Lord complaints; and these reflections should lay us would cut him off, and be more glad of a grave low in humiliation before God. We should also than of hid treasures; and he supposed that many take shame to ourselves, when we consider the others were of the same judgment. (Note, 6:8 folly and impossibility of those things, for which -13.) He could not conceive, that any good we have often wished. In our sober moments end could be answered by the continuance of his we should meditate on the consequences which life: for every thing in Providence, and in the would have resulted, bad our vain and impatient frame of his mind, was so dark and dismal, that wishes been granted, to ourselves, our relatives, he was like a man who had lost his way, or who and our neighbors; and we shall often find that was so enclosed by powerful enemies on every they were unnatural and cruel, as well as impiside, that he had no prospect of escape.—The ous, and destructive to our own happiness. Intempter seems to have kept the thought of the deed, the habit of wishing is altogether foolish eternal world from his mind: but the event and sinful. Those wishes which respect the past, fully shewed, why the Lord continued his can only express our impatience: and, if the oblife, both for bis own good, and for that of mil-ject of our desires at the present, or for the fulions.

ture, be lawful, we should make it the subject of V. 24–26. By way of apology for his vehe- our prayers; if not, we should silence ourselves ment complaints, Job at length mentioned the and the tempter, by saying, “It is written, excess of his sufferings. Nothing but sighs and Thou shalt not covet."—When our passions overgroans occupied his time: his very food, which power reason, the soul becomes as a ship in a prolonged his miserable life, was mingled with violent storm, without compass, rudder, or pilot; groans, and even roarings; (Notes, Ps. 22:1. 32: and, if it be possible, we ought to cast anchor 3—5.) and they flowed forth incessantly, like till the storm subsides. Profound silence, interwaters from a fountain. He was, however, con-| rupted only by ejaculations, should be observed: scious, that in prosperity he had not indulged as we can in such a case do no good, but must carnal security; he had feared a change, and get harm, by either speaking or acting; though watched against those sins, in himself and his we shall naturally be very earnest in both.-Infamily, which might provoke the divine displeas-deed, we are born in sin, and to sorrow; and, if ure: (Note, 1:5.) yet his solicitude had not pre- i left to ourselves and the tendency of our own vented his calamities, which equalled the worst corruptions, without remedy or mercy, it “had of his fears.—His former expectation of trials, been good for us, if we had not been born:" yet and preparation for them, should have been a even in that case it would be diabolical rage and comfort to him under his sufferings: but, through enmity, to charge our guilt and misery upon God, the power of Satan and the prevalence of corrup- from whom "every good and perfect gift,” and tion, this seemed an aggravation of his misery. nothing else, can proceed. But, blessed be his (Note, 27:7–10.)

name! even “the earth is full of his goodness." I was not, &c. (26) This is rendered by some This present life may be made very tolerable, if interrogatively; "Was I not in safety? had I not we accommodate ourselves to our circumstances, rest? was I not quiet? yet trouble came.”—This and attend to our duty: and we are under a disis very pathetic.

pensation of mercy, and may hope for the favor of God and eternal felicity, whatever our former

lives have been, if now willing to accept of Jesus PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. Christ, as our Savior from wrath and from sin. V. 1-10.

By "giving diligence to make our calling and

election sure," we may obtain good evidence There is an essential difference between the that we are “born of God:” and his children are true believer, and every hypocrite; and the heirs of everlasting glory. In that case we cerformer will not finally apostatize or despair: yet stainly can have no cause to “curse the day of

THE Eliphaz: the Temanite ® an-ened the f feeble knees.

CHAP. IV.

and thou hast strengthened the weak Eliphaz reproves Job for impatience, and want of confidence in hands.

God, 1-6. He states tbat divine judgments come not on the righteous, but on the wicked, 7-11. He relates his vision.

4 Thy words have upholden him confirming this doctrine, 12-21.

that was falling, and thou hast strengtha

b

| swered and said,

5 But now s it is come upon thee 2 If we assay to commune with and h thou faintest; ' it toucheth thee, and thee, wilt thou be grieved? but who can thou art troubled. t withhold himself from speaking?

6 Is not this j thy fear, *thy confi3 Behold, a thou hast instructed many, d

e 16:5. Deut. 3:28. Ezra 6:22.

8 3:25,26.

Ez. 13:22. Luke 22:32,43. h Prov. 24:10. 2 Cor. 4:1 16 # 2 11. 15:1. 22:1. 42:9.

32:18-20. Jer. 6:11. 20:9. Acts f Ps. 145:14. Prov. 12:18. 16: Heb. 12:3,5. b 3.1, 2. 6.1. 8:1. 4:20.

23, 24. 2 Cor. 2:7. 7:6. 1 Thes. i 1:11. 2:5. 19:21. * Heb. a word. d Gen. 18:19. Prov. 10:21. 15:7. 5.14.

j 1:1,9,10. 2 Kings 20:3. c 2 Cor. 2:6--6. 7:8-10.

16:21. Is. 50:4. Eph. 4:29. Heb. bowing knees. Is. 35:3, k 13:15. Prov. 3.26. 14:26. | Heb. refrain from words. Col. 4:6.

4. Dan. 5:6. Heb. 12:12.

e

our birth;” and if a thought of that kind intrude, with the scriptural declarations of the state of the we should treat it as a temptation of the enemy, | damned; which must be the lot of all, who die in and reject it immediately. But what a day, or rebellion and despair, and by an act of deliberather what an eternal night, will that be which rate murder. (Note, Ex. 20:13, conclusion.) Let awaits impenitent sinners! Condemned to outer then remember that this desperation is the sugdarkness, where is weeping and gnashing of gestion of the "old liar” and “murderer from the teeth; banished for ever from the favor and pres- beginning:" it is the very object at which he ence of God; surrounded with horror and de- | aimed, in respect of Job, by all bis temptations. spair; employed in curses and imprecations; | Let them stop their ears to his suggestions, and wearied of existence, and in vain longing for hearken to the Savior's inviting voice: let them annihilation; and associated with the devil and come to him with their burdens and sorrows; and his angels! That day “God will not regard from they shall find rest to their souls, and learn to above," no light will shine upon it for ever. bless God for temporal life as the means of eterWho then can help feeling the propriety, yea nal salvation.-Finally, in prosperity let us all the necessity, of praying, "Froin this destruction, I watch against carnal security: and under trials 'good Lord, deliver us! May all, who read these let us pray for patience; looking to him, “who remarks, take warning "to flee from the wrath suffered being tempted, that he might be able to to come, and lay hold for refuge on the hope set succor them that are tempted.” Then, though before us” in the gospel!

for a season our way seem stopt, and our hope V. 11–26.

lost; we shall ere long be enabled to leclare

from our own experience, that “they who wait If, in this accepted time and day of salvation, || for the LORD shall never be ashamed." we in good earnest seek and serve God, we may regard the formation of our bodies, the gift of our imunortal souls, the care taken of us in infancy

NOTES. and childhood, and all the Lord's protection of Chap. IV. V. 1. It is probable, that Job's us and long-suffering towards us ever since, as | friends had previously conferred upon bis case; being in order to our everlasting happiness. and suspected from his extraordinary sufferings Then indeed we may well cease to envy kings and impatient wishes, that he was a wicked man: or princes, and all the wise and wealthy of the they thierefore thought it incumbent upon them world; who will soon be levelled in the grave, || to charge this home on his conscience, in order with the infant which died from the womb, but to induce him to repentance; and Eliphaz, who who will have an awful account to render of their seems to have been the senior of them, understewardship, before the tribunal of God. (.Notes | took to open the matter to him. (Note, 2:12, and P. 0. Luke 16:1-13.) We should indeed 13.)-Thus, when Satan failed of proving his habituate ourselves to view the grave without charge against Job, he suggested to his friends terror; for we shall there feel no pain or uneasi- this suspicion of his hypocrisy, that thøy might ness, and be out of the reach of every oppressor grieve and tempt him by it. For the argument and persecutor. But “there remainetha” bet- between Job and his friends, was precisely on ter “rest for the people of God;" a rest from sin, | the same point, which, at Satan's instigation, temptation, and conflict, and from sorrows and was to be decided by his behavior under affliclabors, in the immediate presence and ineffable tion; namely, whether he was a truly pious man, enjoyment of God. Thence both wicked men or a hypocrite. Satan undertook to prove him a and evil spirits will be excluded, and cease from hypocrite by afflicting him; and his friends controubling us for ever; "there the weary will” in- cluded him one, because he was afflicted, and deed "be at rest,” and the poor slave and pris- | shewed impatience under bis extreme sufferings. oner enjoy “the glorious liberty of the children This we must keep continually in mind, if we of God.” Nay, as far as we trust and obey the would clearly understand the ensuing debate. Lord Jesus, we here find rest to our souls; though (Notes, Luke 13:1–5.) “in the world we have tribulation." It is indeed V. 2. Eliphaz introduced his discourse with far "better to depart, and to be with him:" but apparent modesty; yet the abrupt inaoner, in we must not undervalue life, though spent in which he addressed Job, shewed that he was sufferings; seeing they will work for our good at about to censure and reprove him. He purposlast, and some way or other subserve his glory | ed to converse with Job on the subject of his exand the good of our brethren. Let us then learn traordinary sufferings, and his despondency un, to keep the eternal world more constantly in der them; but he was afraid he would be grieved view; that we may not be much disconcerted at his words. The case, however, was urgent: about temporal things.-And should any take up for who, in such circumstances, “could refrain these pages, who are longing for death, and from words?" (Marg.) This intimated, that he tempted to suicide; let them compare their pres- thought Job extremely culpable, Day, in danger ent sufferings, not with the quiet of the grave, but of final destruction.

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