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8 And the LORD said unto Satan, 12 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou * considered a my servant Job, o Behold, a' that he hath is in thy powthat there is none like him in the earth, er; Ponly upon himself put not forth thine ' a perfect and an upright man, one hand. So Satan went forth from the

,

| 4 that feareth God, and escheweth evil? presence of the LORD. (Practical Obserrations. ]

9 Then Satan answered the LORD, 13 | And there was a day, 'when his and said, “Doth Job fear God for sons and his daughters were eating, and

6 nought?

drinking wine, in their eldest brother's 10 Hast not thou made han hedge house: about him, and about his house, and 14 And there came a smessenger unto

about all that he hath on every side? | Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, * Thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and the asses feeding beside them; and his substance is increased in the 15 And the "Sabeans fell upon them, land:

and took them away; yea, they have slain 11 But 'put forth thine hand now, the servants with the edge of the sword; and touch all that he hath, 6 and he will and I only am escaped alone to tell 'curse thee to thy face.

thee. * Heb. set thy heart on. 2:3. 34:

16 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, i The fire

of God is fallen from heaven, and hath 2 Kings 23:25.

k

V

14. Ez. 40.4. Num. 12:7,8. Ps. 89:20. Is.

42:1. Num. 12:3. 1 Kings 4:30,31.

c 1. 8:20. 9:22, 23. Ps. 18:23 John 1:47.

12:4. 17:8,9. 23:11,12. Ps. 84: 11.

Neh. 5:15. Ps. 36:1. Prov. 8: 13. Luke 23:39,40. { Ps. 34:14. 37:27. Is. 1:16. § 21. 2:10. 21:14,15. Mal. 1:10.

Matt. 16:26. 1 Tim. 4:8, 6:6. b Gen. 15:1. Deut. 33:27-29

1 Sam. 25: 16. Ps. 5:12. 50:12.
Is. 5:2,5. Zech. 2.5,3. 1 Pet.

1:5.
i Gen. 39.5. Deut. 23:2-6.

Ps. 71:21. 128:1-1.
k 42:12. Gen. 26:12. 30:30. 49:
25. Deut. 7:13,14. 33:11.

Ps.
90:17. 107:38. Prov. 10:22.

Or, cattle. Gen. 30:43.
1 12. 2:5. Is. 5:25.
m 4.5. 19:21. Gen. 26.11. Ps.
105:15. Zech. 2.8.

Heb. if he curse thee not. 21.
n 5. See on 2:9.-I. 8:21. Mal.
3:13,14. Rev. 16:9,11,21.

01 Kings 22:22. Luke 8:32. 22: Jer. 51:31.
31,32. John 19. 11. 2 Cor. 12: 7. t Gen. 10:7,28. 25.3. Ps. 72:10.

Heb. hand. Gen. 16:6. Jer. Is. 45:14. Ez. 23:42. Joel 3:8. 30:5. John 3:35,36.

u 16,17,19. 1 Sam. 22:20,21. P2.466. Ps. 76.10. Is. 27:8. 1 v Gen

19:24. Lev. 9. 24. 1 Cor. 10:13.

Kings 18:38. 2 Kings 1:10,12, 9 2:7. Luke 8:33.

14. Amos 7:4. Rev. 13:13. 14. Prov. 27:1. Ec 9:12. Loke | Or, A great fire. Ex. 9.28. 1

12:19.20. 17:27-29. 21:34. Sam. 14:15. Marg. 5 1 Sam. 4:17. 2 Sam. 15:13.

V. 8. Satan seemed to advance a claim to the earth; and if Satan could have succeeded in this earth as if it had been all his own; but the Lord attempt, he would really have made out his clain gave him to understand, that he had a remnant to the dominion over the whole human race: and of servants there: and, as this accuser had always though he failed, he yet had an opportunity of something to urge against every believer, he was gratifying bis malice in Job's sufferings. "But asked, whether he had fully considered Job's with inward anguish he was constrained to concharacter and conduct. (Notes, Zech. 3:1–4. fess, that he was not able to break through the Rev. 12:7–12.)—The express attestation of God bodge of continual protection, which God had to Job's integrity and piety, as the most faithful placed round the person, substance, and family servant he had at that time on earth, is sufficient of his servant; or to give the least disturbance to demonstrate, that he was not a self-righteous to the peace and blessings which Job enjoyed in Pharisee before his afflictions; as some persons, || his favor, and under the watchful care of his from undue regard to system, have ventured to over-ruling providence. speak of him.

Curse thee. (11) Whether to thy face he will V. 9-11. Satan could not deny the excellen- || ‘not bless thee.'' E. Smith.—'Certainly to thy cy of Job's conduct: but he art ully insinuated, || 'face he will bless thee. Sept. (Note, 5.). that he was mercenary in his religion, and serv- V. 12. Thus the Lord gave Satan permission ed God, not from love to bim or his ways, but to deprive Job of all those comforts and possesfor what he could get; or at least, that in his sions, for the sake of which he was supposed to present circumstances the contrary could not be serve him. But he would not allow the enemy demonstrated. It was worth his while to keep || to wound or to kill his body; or even to assail up a regard to religion; for he grew rich, pros- || his soul with those horrid temptations, which perous, and honorable by it. He had no tempta- evidently formed a principal part of his subsetion to fraud or oppression; for be bad all thai he quent trials. This permission was granted, not could wish, in a more safe and creditable man- | because Job had any special need of chastise

He had nothing to ruslle his temper, or to ment; but that his integrity, and the power of render him distrustful or discontented; and there. | divine grace in bim, might be manifested to Safore the reality of bis faith, meekness, and acqui- tan's confusion, the real benefit of Job, the edifiescence in the will of God, might fairly be ques- cation of the church in future ages, and the glotioned. In short, if duly tried, he would be found ry of God in all these respects. a different man: and if the Lord would himself V. 13. Satan knew how fearful Job was lest “put forth bis hand, and touch" (that is, take from his sons should sin amidst their festivity; and he him, or imbitter to him,) "all that he had;" he seems to have chosen this day for his purpose, would not only murmur and fret, which a true that the calamities might be construed into dibeliever might be tempted to do; not only in-vine judgments. dulge hard thoughts of God, as Job suspected that V. 14, 15. One messenger was spared to carry his sons might have cursed God in their hearts; | the tidings of each calamity, that the sudden and but he would openly blaspheme God and renounce certain information, wbicli Job received, might religion. (Note, 5.) The last clause is literally, overwhelm bis mind at once; and that he might “If he curse thee not to thy face;" which implies not have time to recover himself from his conthat more was meant than expressed: 'If it be not sternation, or to seek support from God, of iso, I am greatly mistaken, or I will consent to which a more gradual information would have 'be punished as a false witness.'—God had de- | admitted.—The servants were at their work, clared Job to be the most eminent saint upon and lost their lives in defending their master's

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burnt up the sheep, and the servants, and the four corners of the house, and it fell consumed them; and I only am escaped upon the young men, and they are dead;

e alone to tell thee.

and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. 17 While he was yet speaking, there 20 Then Job

arose, and

rent his came also another, and said, "The Chal- mantle, and shaved his head, and fell deans made out three bands, and * fell down upon the ground, and worshipped; upon the camels, and have carried them 21 And said, “Naked came I out of away, yea, and slain the servants with themy mother's womb, and naked shall I edge of the sword; and ' I only am es- | return thither: i the LORD gave, and the caped alone to tell thee.

Lord hath taken away; "blessed be the 18 While he was yet speaking, 2 there name of the LORD. came also another, and said, « Thy sons 22 - In all this Job sinned not, nor and thy daughters were eating, and charged God foolishly.

{ drinking wine, in their eldest brother’s | Judg. 16:30. 1 Kings 20.30. house;

Kings 12:15. Ps. 39:9. 15. 42: 19 And, behold, there came a great wind t from the wilderness, and smote

111. 1 Sam. 3:18. 2 Kings 20: 19. Ps. 34:1. Is. 24:15. Eph.

1

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b

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Jam. 1:17.
Matt. 7:27. Luke 13.1-5.k Gen. 45:5. 2 Sam. 16:10. 1
Acts 28:4.
e Gen. 37:32,33. 42:36. 2 Sam. 24. 45:7. Amos 3:6. Matt. 20.
18:33

15. Acts 4:28.
f Gen. 37:29,34. Ezra 9:3.
t Or, robe.

Deut. 9:18. 2 Sam. 12:16_20. 5:20. i Thes. 5:18.
2 Chr. 7:3. Matt. 26:39. 1 Pet. m 2:10. Jam. 1:4,12. 1 Pet. 1:7.
5:6.

g Or, ottributed folly to God. h Gen. 3:19. Ps. 49:17. Ec. 5: 34:10,18,19. 40:48. Rom. 9: 15. 12:7. 1 Tim. 6:7.

20. i 2:10. Gen. 30:2. Ec. 5:19.

x Gen. 11:28 Is. 23:13. Hab. Amos 4:6-11. 1:6.

a 8:4. 27.14. Ps. 34:19. Ec. 9:2. • Heb. rueshea

b 2 Sam. 13:23. y 15. 2 Sam. 1:3.

c Jer. 4:11,12. Eph. 2:2. % 6:2,3. 16:14. 19:9,10. 23:2. Is. | Heb. from aside, &c. 28:19. Jer. 51:31. Lam. 1:12.

property:--The Sabeans were a tribe of the Ara- suddenly, and, as it appeared, by the immediate bians, who were freebooters, and infested those hand of God, when they were feasting, and not regions; but it is uncertain whether descended || at their sacrifices;--this, added to all the precedfrom Abraham, either by Ishmael, or Keturah. ing unprecedented misfortunes, was sufficient to (Marg. Ref. t.)

drive most men distracted, or to urge them to V. 16. This servant naturally called the ex- bitter complaints, or even desperate imprecatraordinary lightning, which consumed all the tions. When we have endeavored to conceive flocks of sheep, “the fire of God;” and the ex- | aright of Job's circumstances, comforts, and pression might aid Satan's temptation, as it prospects, on the morning of this eventful day, seemed to imply that God fought against Job, and of the dreadful change which took place beand was become his enemy. If this fire had de- fore evening; and when we realize, from expestroyed the Sabeans with their ill-gotten booty, rience and observation, the feelings of the human the divine justice would have been manifest: but heart under trials comparatively trivial; we shall that they should escape, while the servants of be able to form some faint idea of the immense pious Job were slain, and the_flocks destroyed, || load, which was at once laid upon this errinent from which so many burnt-offerings had been servant of God: and the strength of his faith and sacrificed to the Lord, seemed very mysteri- | grace appears, in the manner in which he supous and perplexing.-We cannot determine, inported it. And though, afterwards, the still acwhat manner this and other effects were produc-cumulating weight extorted from him some imed by Satan, who is “the prince of the power of patient expressions, which may have inconsiderthe air;", (Note, Eph. 2:1,2.) and is, no doubt, | ately objected to the scriptural commendation of able, when permitted, to cause any such phe-his patience; yet, probably, no mere man ever nomena. (Note, Deut. 13:1–5.) It is generally | suffered so much and so long, with equal resigagreed that the tremendous appearances on

nation and constancy. mount Sinai were produced by the ministration V. 20—22. Job acted as one who felt the of holy angels: and though fallen angels have weight of his afflictions; but he did not sink unlost their holy dispositions and moral powers, || der them, or lose possession of his soul. (Note, they retain their natural capacities; and doubt- || Luke 21:19.) He expressed his inward anguish less could, if they were allowed, produce similar in the customary manner; and behaved, not like effects: at least, it is impossible to prove the con

one furious or distracted, but with silent and retrary, seeing we cannot explain the manner, or decting sorrow. Having rent his mantle and ascertain the boundaries, of their operations. || shaved his head, he prostrated himself, and worBut they are absolutely in the Lord's hands, and shipped the Lord. He acknowledged, that he can exercise their powers only by his permission; || came into the world naked and indigent, and and this alone is the security of our bodies, I was no poorer after all his losses, than when he minds, relatives, friends, and possessions.

was born.

He recollected that he should soon V. 17. The Chaldeans seem at this time to leave the world, and restore his body to the have been an inconsiderable roving tribe; hut earth, from which it was taken, as the common they afterwards became a powerful nation. (Notes, || parent of all; and that he could carry nothing Is. 23:13. Hab. 1:5—7.)

away with him. He had received all from the V. 18, 19. This greatest affliction was reserv- | unmerited bounty of God, who had seen good to ed for the last, that it might drive Job desperate, remand his substance and his children, a little when the hand of God seemed to be thus gone before the time when otherwise he must have forth against him. The loss of one child has left them: and his body and soul, his faith and often been more than an affectionate parent could hope, his heavenly inheritance and his God, still support with decent resignation: but for a whole reinained to him. Whoever were the instruments, ficurishing family, educated with pious care, and the Lord was acknowledged as the Author of for years insinuating into their father's affections; his calamities: he had no heart to revile the Sawho were all now grown up, living in harmony, beans and Chaldeans, and others concerned in affluence, and credit, and likely to perpetuate his losses. He was assured in his judgment, his name and prosperity; to be all cut off at once, ll whatever his feelings were, that God had a sove

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reign right to dispose of him and his, as he pleas- ||go, and what company we keep; but also, what ed; and that he had done nothing inconsistent our intentions and dispositions are. We'ought with his infinite wisdom, justice, truth, and good-likewise to expect temptations, and that offences

Instead therefore of blaspheming, as Satan I will continue in the church: and we should chiefly had predicted, he praised, blessed, and thanked look to ourselves; for we must every one give an the Lord, in faith, love, and humble resignation. | account of himself to God.—May we then imitate -Thus far he stood the trial most honorably, and those holy and loving angels, who are “all wor. did not even utter a single expression, which in shipping spirits, sent forth to minister onto them any measure reflected upon the divine conduct. who shall be heirs of salvation!”_Satan claims (Narg. reading.)

this earth as his domain; and alas! he has hitherto

had too much ground for his arrogant pretensions: PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. and as he continually “goeth about seeking whom V. 1-5.

be may devour,” we ought to be always sober “In every nation he that feareth God, and and vigilant. But there is a remnant who are worketh righteousness, is accepted of him:"|| rescued from his tyranny, and are the servants of (Note, Acts 10:34,35.) and he will have some God, in whom he is glorified, and over whom he even of the wealthy and prosperous of the world rejoices.—Those who are disposed to represent to serve him; “for with God all things are possi- | the most blameless professors of godliness, as ble.” (Note, Matt. 19:23—26.)-When the heart hypocritical or mercenary; to put a bad construcis upright and devoted to God, the general con- tion upon barmless or even good actions; and to duct will be holy, and he will be served with the insinuate some suspicion or objection, in order to whole man; for the genuine fear of his name will detract from the commendations bestowed upon produce habitual hatred of sin, and watchfulness pious and useful men; may easily know whose against it.-We receive our children, as well as children they are, whose example they follow, every other comfort, from the Lord: we ought and whose work they do. For they resemble, in therefore carefully to train them up for him, and every feature, Satan, the envenomed slanderer to keep them from the contagion of this evil and accuser of the brethren." It is indeed true, world: and we cannot but rejoice to see them that God will not suffer his people to serve bim grow up, living in peace and love. We should, for nought. Their best interests are secured; no however, be careful not to set our hearts too good thing they do shall lose its reward; and he much upon them, as we know not how soon they will give them as many worldly comforts as he may be torn from us, or made the occasions of sees good for them. Yet every believer serves our deepest distress; but we ought to commit God from love, gratitude, and zeal, and delights them to God by constant prayer, and seek his in his holy commandments. When called to it, grace to enable us to be submissive, however be he will part with every temporal possession for may dispose of them.-It cannot be expected, his sake: and it is impossible that he, who loves but that young people will pay attention to things || God above all things, should fail of being eternalnot directly sinful, for which their pious parents ly happy in the enjoyment of him. But untried may have no relish; it is not evil in itself to re-! faith is not much to be depended on. If ease, joice in the bounty of Providence, and to use wealth, and pleasure uniformly attended piety; if hospitality towards our friends and relatives; and there were no cross, self-denial, or temptation, to it is a pleasant sight to behold the several branch- serve as a touchstone, or a furnace; it would be es of a family love and enjoy each other's com- very difficult to distinguish the believer from the pany. Yet every indulgence disposes us to un- hypocrite: and therefore Satan is often allowed watchfulness, and forgetfulness of God: and we to sift and prove the people of God, that he may seldoin feast together in the most friendly and be the more confounded. (Notes, 23:8–12. Luke decent manner, without baving cause to repent | 22:31–34. Jam. 1:2–4,12. 1 Pet. 1:6,7. 4:12—16.) of some part of our conduct and conversation; or He means to destroy, defile, or distress them: but at least of the thoughts and temper of our hearts. the Lord intends to demonstrate the reality and All that of which we are thus conscious must be power of his grace in them, for his own glory and washed away in the atoning blood of Christ, or their important good.—Little do we know what it will rise up against us in judgment at the last | plots are forming against us in the invisible world; day. We have therefore cause for continual nor are we sufficiently sensible of the number, self-examination; and after every social inter- || power, malice, and subtlety of our unseen adver: view, we must bestow pains to bring our hearts saries. We bolt and bar to keep out a few ruffians into due frame for the ordinances of God. Pa- || of our own species, who might come to plunder or rents also should watch over their children, and murder us while we sleep; but there are legions exhort, instruct, and assist them, in thus seeking of infernal spirits, whom we can by no means exan interest in the great Redeemer, and in pre-clude, and who are able in a moment to distract, paring to commemorate his death at the Lord's torment, or destroy us. Blessed be the Lord, bis table. The higher men are advanced in rank or power limits the operations of these malicious foes; authority, the more important is it, that they pay and the protection which he affords to ungodly regard to these duties, for an example to their men against their destructive rage, is a most woninferiors: but alas! how few of our nobles and | derful instance of his patience and loving-kindrulers, in this Christian land, imitate Job, in this ness. Yet, as they generally disbelieve or disreopen profession of godliness, and this strict at- gard the being and agency of evil spirits, they are tention to religion in his family! Yet the con- | taken captive by them at their will," and are sistent believer will attend on these things con- | hurried on in rebellion against God." But they tinually.

who love the Lord are assured of protection V. 6–12.

Their enemies can never break through the No man is proved to be a true Christian by hedge, which the Almighty God hath made around being found in company with the children of them; and even when he permits them to be God, even when they appear before him in his tempted, neither the devil nor his emissaries can house, or at his table. Could Satan enter heaven, | exceed the limits assigned them. and associate with angels, he would still remain

V. 13—22. a liar and a murderer, ambitious, subtle, envi- It is the delight of Satan and of all his servants ous, and malignant: and while holy spirits de- || to do mischief: they will go to the full length of lighted in the service of their God, he would be their chain; and we do not know how far they plotting mischief against his cause and people. || may be permitted to practise and prosper against We should therefore inquire, not only whither we We see in the example before us, to what an 81

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CHAP. II.

still he 'holdeth fast his integrity, alSatan again appears before God, and obtaios permission still far-| ther to try Job, 1-6. He omites him w le sore bois from though & thou movedst me against him, head to foot, 7, 8. His wife moves him to curse God and die; to destroy him, without cause.

b but he rebukes her, 9, 10. Three of his friends visit him; and, overwhelmed with surprise and grief, they keep silence seven 4 And Satan answered the LORD, and days, 11-13. GAIN there was a day when the said, Skin for skin; yea, i all that a man sons of God came to present them

hath will he give for his life: elves before the LORD, and Satan came

5 But j

put
forth thine hand now,

and also among them, to present himself be- touch his bone and his flesh, and he fore the Lord.

will curse thee to thy face. 2 And the LORD said unto Satan,

6 And the LORD said unto Satan, * From whence comest thou? And Satan

Behold he is in thy hand; but "save

his life. answered the LORD, and said, From go

7 So went Satan forth from the ing to and fro in the earth, and from

preswalking up and down in it.

ence of the LORD, and smote Job with 3 And the LORD said unto Satan,

sore boils, P from the sole of his foot d Hast thou considered my servant Job,

unto his crown.

( 1:21,22. 13:15. 27:5,6. Jam. 1: 1 k 9. 1:5,11. Lev. 24:15. Is. 8: that there is none like him in the earth, 12. 1 Pet. 1:7. a perfect and e an upright man, one that Heb. saralloze kim vp. 2 | Or, only. feareth God, and escheweth evil? and 1. 9:17. John 9:3.

i Esth. 7:3,4. Is. 2:20,21. Jer.

n 1 Kings 22:22.

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21.
I See on 1:12

g 1:11.

Sam. 20:20

m 38:10,11. Ps. 65:7. Luke 8 29-33. 22:31,32. 1 Cor. 10:13 Rev. 2:10. 20:1,2,7.

a See on 1:6.-Is. 6:1,2. Luke 1.

19. Heb. 1:14. b Gen. 16:8. c 1:7. John 14:30. 2 Cor. 4:4.

1 Pet 5:8.

d See on 1:1,8.-9.20. Gen. 6:9.

Ps. 37:37. Pbil. 3:12. 1 Pet.
5:10.
e Prov. 11:3. 13:6. 14:2. 15:8.

16:17.

41:8. Matt. 16:26. Acts 27:18,

19. Phil. 3:8-10
j 1:11. 19:21. I Chr. 21:17. Ps.

32:3,4. 38:2-7. 39:10.

o 30:17-19,30. Ex. 9:9-11,

Deut. 28:27,35. Rev. 16:11. p Is. 1:6. 3:17.

extent they may be successful; and, though they

NOTES. are seldom allowed to proceed so far, we should CHAP. II. V. 1–3. (Note8, 1:6-19.)—Still he be thankful that they can go no farther, and holdeth fast, &c. (3) Satan had been permitted to should prepare for the worst. One calamity may prove Job's sincerity, by the most overwhelming succeed another, and each be heavier than the and sudden loss of his whole substance, and of all preceding; they may come on us from all quar- his children. But instead of cursing, he blessed ters, with every circumstantial aggravation; we and worshipped God. Thus he held fast his inmay be entirely impoverished and bereaved; in-tegrity, and shewed the simplicity and piety of his deed, none can say all that we may suffer; and heart. (Note, 1:20—22.) 'Satan had “without yet our grand interest may be safe, and all things cause," moved the Lord thus to afflict his servant: working together for our good. But, if in all our for there was not the least ground for the charge troubles we look to our gracious God, he will re- of selfishness which he had lodged against him: press our murmurs and support us under our af- and nothing in Job's character rendered such seAictions. However unjust the instruments of our || vere afflictions necessary, either to preserve him correction may be, he is righteous in all that is from ruin, or to vindicate the honor of the divine laid upon us. Our all is from his gift, we have government: yet, doubtless, the Lord had wise forfeited it by sin, and ought not to complain if he and good reasons for his conduct; and Job, as a take any part of it from us. We have received sinner, deserved worse than any temporal afflicall our possessions, since we “camne naked into tions.—The word rendered destroy, signifies to this world;" and we must leave every earthly swallow up; and may refer to Job's substance and comfort and advantage when we go out of it: for family: but Satan aimed to destroy his soul also. they were only imparted to bear the expenses of |—But thou spakest to destroy bis substance in oui journey, and to assist our fellow-travellers. «vain. Sept. Soon will our bodies be conveyed to the earth V. 4, 5. Satan construed Job's holy resignawhence they were taken, and our souls into the tion into an evidence of his insensibility; as if he eternal world: and should we be spoiled of all, had been destitute of affection for his children, and bereaved of our beloved children or friends, and regard for his servants. His life and health before we depart; we shall not live long to feel were preserved, and he would give any one's skin our loss, and the hopes and earnest of heaven will to preserve his own: he was willing therefore to support us under it. May we then be enabled to compound, and part with all to save his life; so “choose the good part which shall never be taken that he still kept up his religion, expecting that from us;" to set our affections on things above,” his other losses would be made up. Nothing could and to “possess our souls in patience." May we, be more unreasonable and malignant than this inafter the example of Job, learn, under our lighter | sinuation: yet it illustrates the subtlety of that trials, to repress every rebellious passion; to hum-enemy, who was able plausibly to put a bad conble ourselves before God; to adore his wise and struction on Job's most unexceptionable conduct, righteous sovereignty, and to praise him for re- and to impute to the basest principles, what maining mercies and prospects; and by all our sprang from the noblest of which the human heart troubles, to get nearer to his mercy-seat, in com- is susceptible. munion with him. Then Satan will miss his aim, V. 6.

To prove the falsehood and malice of and not be able by affliction to prevail with us to Satan's insinuation, God granted him permission ein, or “charge God foolishly." And may the to afflict Job in his body, in any way he chose; malice and power of these our enemies render only he was to "save his life. The word is more precious to us that gracious and condescend- often rendered soul, and probably means that he ing Savior, “who came to destroy the works of was to preserve to him the possession of his un, the devil,” and who, in order to effect our salva- derstanding; for if he were driven distracted, and tion, was willing to suffer from that enemy, far in his frenzy blasphemed, it would not be a fair more than Job suffered or than we can possibly trial. (Notes, 1:9–12. Ps. 76:10. Luke 22:31 — conceive.

1134.) VOL. III. 2

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8 And he 9 took him a potsherd 1011 11 Now when Job's three friends scrape

himself withal: and he sat down heard of all this evil that was come upon among the ashes. (Pra tiral Tbservations.]

bim, they came every one from his own 9 T Then said his wife unto him, place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and BilDost thou still retain thine integrity? dad the Shubite, and Zophar the Naacurse God, and die.

inathite: for they had made an appoint 10 But he said unto ber, > Thou ment together to come e to mourn with speakest Y as one of the foolish women bim, and to 'comfort him. speaketh. What? ? shall we receive good 12 And when they listed up their eyes at the hand of God, and shall we not re-afar off, and & knew him not, they lifted ceive evil? . In all this did not Job sin up their voice and wept; and i they rent with his lips.

every one his mantle, and sprinkled y 2 Sam. 6:20.21. 13:13. 24:10.

k

16:23

q 1914-17. Ps. 38:5 Luke

16:20,21. r 42:6. 2 Sam. 13:19. Is. 61:3. Ez. 27:30. Jon. 3:6. Matt. 11:

21. s Gen. 3:6,12. 1 Kings 11:4. t 3. 21. 14,15. 2 Kings 6:33.

Mal. 3:14. u 5. 1:11. x Gen. 3:17. 2 Sam. 19-22. Matt.

2 Chr. Iti:9. Prov. 9:0,13 Matt.
25:2.
z1:1-3,10,21. 2 Sam. 128.
Lam. 3.331. John 18.11.
Rom. 12:12. Heb. 129-11.
Jam. 5,10,11.
aj: .2. Ps. 39.), 5912. Matt.

12:3-457. Jam. 3.2.

D 6:14. 16:20. 19:19,21. 42:7. | f 13:4. 16:2.

Prov. 17:17. 13:24, 27:10. 8 19:14. Ruth 1:19–21. Lam. c 6:19 15.1. Gen. 30:11,15. Jer. 4:7,8. 49.7.

n Gen. 27:34. Judg. 2:4. 1 d 8.1. 18:1. Gen. 25.2. 1 Chr.): Sam. 11:4. 30.4. 2 Sam. 13.36. 32.

Esth. 4.1.
e 4211. Gen. 37:35. Is. 51.19.li 1:20.
Juho 11:19. Rom 12:15 1 k Neh. 9:1. Lan. 210. Ez. 27:
Cor. 12:20. Heb. 13 3.

30. Rev. 18:19.

V. 7, 8. No doubt the disease, which Satan V. 10. Considering Job's situation, nothing inflicted on Job, was as painful and loathsome as can be more admirable than this reply. He reit could be made. (Notes, Matt. 8:28,29. Luke proved his wife with firmness, yet with temper; 13:10–17. P. 0. 10—21.) Sore boils or ulcers, and neither the anguish of his mind, nor the base(one of which is often found sufficient to exercise ness of her suggestion, dictated any opprobrious all our patience,) covered Job from head to foot: language. He did not even address her, as a so that his excessive torture must bave been in- foolish, or wicked, woman; for be would not for capable of relief from change of posture; and he one crime, however great, condemn her as a would be so offensive that few would come near hypocrite. She spoke indeed as one of the him. Being deprived of other relief, he took a foolish women:" but he would hope it was the potsherd to cleanse bis sores: or perhaps when effect of violent temptation, and the exceeding any of the boils began to die away, the itching distress of her heart; and that she would repent became as intolerable, as the pain before had of this ber heinous sin. “What?" says he, in asbeen; so that "he took a potsherd to scrape hiin-tonishment at her desperate language, “shall we self witbal:” and by this improper treatment, his receive good at the hand of God, and shall we disease was probably increased and prolonged, not receive evil?” 'Shall we, guilty, polluted, and one kind of misery alternately exchanged for 'worthless creatures, receive so many unmerited another. (Notes, 30:15—31.)-He also “sat down blessings from a just and holy God; and shall we among ashes.” The Septuagint renders it "upon refuse to accept of the punishment of our sins, a dunghill,' and be is generally represented in when we suffer so much less than we deserve, that situation: the original, however, only means 'and are yet allowed to hope for a happy event that he assumed the posture of a mourner and a "Rather let us receive the evil also, with patient supplicant. (Marg. Ref. r.)

'submission, and even as a pledge of his love, and V. 9. When Satan deprived Job of his children, | -a means of our good.'--Thus far he most honorahe reserved his wife to be his tempter; perhaps bly stood the trial, and appeared the brightest in knowing her to be a woman of an impatient spirit, the furnace of afiliction: and the testimony here who had great influence with her husband. She borne to his conduct, shews that he did not speak had shared the former asictions with him; yet it the language of passion, as many seem to think; is probable that she was full of hard and rebellious but that of soberness and piety:- It is not said, thoughts, though she did not openly give vent to what reception his reply met with: but the them. But when this additional calamity oppress- | temptation was repulsed and the tempter bafed Job, she was driven to despair of help, and to fled; and we read little more of his wife. (19: upbraid him as preposterous in adhering to his re- 17.) ligion, seeing God rewarded his fidelity and resig- V. 1). These friends of Job seem to have been nation, with nothing but one dire calamity after persons eminent for their rank in life, as well as another.—The meaning of her advice has been for their wisdom and piety. The Septuagint call much disputed, for the Hebrew word signifies them kings, but no evidence can be adduced that both to bless and to curse. (Note, 1:5.) But her they were so. Eliphaz is supposed to have decounsel was evidently suggested by Satan, who scended from Teman, the grandson of Esao, by spake by her, as he had spoken by the serpent to Eliphaz, whose name this bis descendant bore; Eve, and by Eve to Adam: and it was therefore(Gen. 36:11. i Chr. 1:36.) and Bildad, from coincident with his temptation: (Notes and P.0.Shuah, Abraham's son by Keturah. (Gen. 25:2. Gen. 3:1–6.) and both her preface and Job's an- | 1 Chr. 1:32.) Zophar also sprang from some of swer prove, that it was desperate, and not pious, the families, descended from Abraham. For true advice which she gave. It is probable therefore, religion seems to have continued a considerable that our translation gives the true sense: and that time in the different branches of that favored Job's wife, being herself driven desperate, insti- family, even among those who were excluded gated him to despair and blasphemy, to “curse from the covenant made with Abraham, Isaac, God,” though he should die for so doing; or even and Jacob.— These persons, having heard of Job's in order to provoke the Lord thus to terminate great aflliction, made an appointment to go to visit his sufferings; or as an introduction to suicide, to him and sympathize with him. Their intentions which Satan no doubt would tempt him. It is were humane, friendly, and pious; and they had well known, that the Gentiles, under great calam-doubtless been the associates of his religion in more ities, frequently vented their rage by curses || prosperous days: yet, by their mistake of his case, against the gods, whom at other times they wor- they not only greatly increased his anguish; but shipped.

unintentionally concurred with Satan, in tempte

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