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Sketches of the History and Present Condition of
Tripoli, with some account of the other Barbary
States, No. IX,
An Address on Education, as connected with the
Permanence of our Republican Institutions. De-
SELECTED PROSE ARTICLES.
Macedoine. By the author of Other Things,
pia. By Conway Robinson,
liam Maxwell, ...
seph Caldwell, D.D. By Walker Anderson, A.M.
į i. Scherer
For Vol. I. of the Southern Literary Messenger,
From October 10, to November 23, 1835, inclusive. All persons who have made payments early enough to be entered, and whose names do not appear on the
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TO CORRESPONDENTS. can correct or repress; and it is one of the first duties
of a light miscellaneous periodical to launch its arrows .3 Melancholy Moment, by B. B. M. is, we regret to against such transgressions. The fear of giving offence say, inadmissible-chiefly on account of its having been to the few, should never make them neglect the intepublished before. D.D. also, we are forced to reject. The rests of the many, for their first object should be to bencV. by Thaddeus, is not suited to the Messenger. We fil their high obligations, and we feel satisfied tha: by
fit their country. By such a course alone, can they fulare obliged to decline the communication of A. B. M. persevering in such a course, they would be eventually G. C. H's MS. is illegible. A Cosmopolite, and Sylvio, amply rewarded by public patronage. we have declined after much hesitation. Verses written The present number in some degree realizes our ideas during an excursion, &c. will appear in our next-also, tion of imported opinions, and imported manners. It
of an American periodical. It is not the mere reflecEnglish Poetry, unavoidably postponed.
is the product of the soil, and stamped with the lineaments of its nativity. It is not a mere distillation from
memory, not the squeezings of the almost dry sponge OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. of the old world, but the fresh and vigorous offspring of
a soil which only requires cultivation to produce ihe The Southern Literary Messenger.-We have now richest products. before us the thirteenth number of this very excellent Among the articles which afforded us particular pieaperiodical, and though we have heretofore noticed it in sure, we would notice “The Introductory Lecture of terms of high approbation, cannot withhold our renewed James M. Garnele of Virginia, on the subject of Edutestimony to its increasing merits. The present num- cation.” All the productions of Mr. Garnett that we ber, like all the preceding ones, is entirely original, not have seen, abound in just reasonings, leading to imporonly in the subjects but in the manner of treating them. tant conclusions, applicable to his own country, and of We see that the writers have consulted their own tastes, inost important practical consequence. The present opinions and feelings; that they are not harnessed in lecture is devoted to an inquiry into the “Obstacles to the traces of imitation, nor enlisted under the despotism education arising from the peculiar faults of parents, of fashionable notions, adopted without examination, teachers, and scholars, and those who direct and control and sanctioned only by popular names. Hence there our schools and colleges.” The subject is peculiarly is in almost all the articles an air of indigenous novelty important, and we recommend Mr. Garnett's lecture to which in itself is a high and distinguished excellence.- the calm considerate attention of all those whose faults Periodicals, that affect to be the censors of public man. he has detailed. It is the work of a man of deep reflecners, the guides of the public taste, should not be the tion, great experience and of a powerful intellect, capamere echoes of the opinions of others. They should ble of turning the results of that experience to purposes stem the tide of false taste and injurious innovation, of practical utility: instead of going with the current, and accelerating its “Loss of Breath: A Tale à la Blackwood, by Edgar force by precept and example. In short, they should A. Poe,” is a capital burlesque of the wild, extravathink for themselves, and strive to inculcate just modes gant, disjointed rigmarole with which that much overof thinking and acting in others. Instead of imitating rated and over-praised magazine is so redundant. The Blackwood and Fraser, and the New Monthly and the writer has hit off admirably the false, extravagant and Metropolitan, we think it would be far better to adapt exaggerated humor—the inconclusive nothings, and the their columns to the uses of their own country. The rude baldness of so many of its articles, of which the style and the productions of old, corrupt and enervated beginning, the middle and the end is nothing. The nations, is not fit for the exigencies of a young, vigorous reader finds it impossible to fathom the object, precisely and growing people, still retaining all its primitive ener- because the writer had no object, or could not develope gies, and requiring an intellectual nourishment corres- it to the comprehension of common sense. We have ponding with its age, its habits, and its situation. We our eye on Mr. Edgar A. Poe, and from what we have have much in our manners, habits and modes of living, already seen of him, venture to predict it will not be which requires the lash of satire ; much of extrava- long before his name will stand on a level with those of gance and false taste, which a well applied ridicule alone much higher pretensions.
The fol II.
The notice of “Stories about General Warren,” and | zine in the country,) we may say in general that it has the accompanying extracts, are peculiarly interesting, more of the magazine and less of the pamphlet than most as giving various particulars of a man who has hitherto of its predecessors; an approximation to perfection been only generally known as one of the earliest mar- which we esteem of higher value than it seems. tyrs to the liberties of his country. This is the litera- articles are of great variety as usual, and of various ry aliment which should be served up to our children, ability, some of them would adorn any periodical. The aye and our men and women too, in order to inspire fine series of historical papers on the history of the IF. them with noble feelings through the influence of noble Barbary powers is brought io the last hostile intercourse examples.
of Britain with Algiers, and is to be equally admired P There are many other articles in this number, which for its judicious and candid narrative, and for the justice deserve equal notice and commendation, did our limits of its historical inferences. In the view which it takes 'FT permit. But we must deny ourselves the pleasure of of British policy with reference to Algiers, we entirely particularizing them, merely observing that in general, concur, and the writer's characterizing Lord Exmouth's the prose is better than the poetry, simply because the bombardment of Algiers as a blunder similar to the latter is somewhat vitiated by an imitation of bad "untoward” affair of Navarino is a bold manifestation models. Why will not our young poets attempt to of political acumen well sustained by fact. describe their own feelings and impressions, instead "The Victim of Disappointment is an imitation tood of merely distilling in trickling namby-pamby, the servile, of one of Moore's best passages, to be praised; wey thoughts of others, and sometimes no thoughts at all; Garnett's lecture, contains many valuable hints in the or if they will condemn themselves to everlasting medi- way, but we do not care to say more about it, because, ocrity by imitation, why will they not attempt better after all, it is a lecture, and in cur opinion, as unsuita Miu models? There are other poets in the English lan- ble to the magazine as a “ philodemic" essay on the comguage than Byron and Moore, who have superseded the parative merits of Cæsar and Alexander. old masters of the lyre, and will in less than half a century “Loss of Breath” is really a capital thing, well imabe superseded by them again. They are not to be gined, well sustained, and well told; and with some dethroned from the empire of Parnassus, by these mo- triteness in the main incident, of sufficient novelty to dern upstarts. The lofty morality, the unaffected sim- attract highly. “ Cupid's Sporı” is lively and clever, plicity, the philosophic dignity, and the beautiful appeals just the thing for such a sketch, while the “ Lines on what is not only to our reason, but to the finer feelings of the Mrs. _” and the “ Lines in a Album" should neither ribadi human heart, which abound in the writers of the golden of them have been admitted, because, if the author of
TE age of English poetry, are not we trust, destined much the former was sufficiently given to scandal to write longer to be obscured by the dark, vicious, licentious them, he should not have been so impertinent as to puband labored misanthropy of Byron, or the light, volup- lish them—and the latter should never have been rified 23 far tuous sensuality of Moore. We shall one day return from the album which it adorned. “ General Warren," ka to nature and reason, and poetry will again become the is an article sufficiently readable and interesting, made with de handmaid of virtue.
out of the little Boston book about his life. We were There is an air of independence about the criticisms, perfectly enchanted with the exquisite poetry of " The which is becoming in all who undertake to preside in Friends of Man," and read each verse with higher plea-the courts of literature. But we differ entirely from sure than the last, until we came to the end, and ihen the pri some of the principles adopted by the Messenger.-- our wonder was at an end. “L. H. S." would form a . Most especially do we denounce the assertion of Victor solution to much higher pleasure than we received even Hugo, quoted, as we understand it, with approbation by from the beauty of these verses, and it gives us much the critic, that Racine, Bossuet, Boileau, Pascal, Fene- gratification to see the starry light of that muse shining lon, La Fontaine, Corneille and Voltaire, would be but so gracefully and so brightly in this Southern hemiscommon writers, were it not for their “style.” This phere. is one of the new fangled French opinions fashionable Mrs. Sigourney is a poetess of exquisite, and yet truly fruits in Paris, and in the true French spirit, places the ruffle feminine genius; in many respects, the Mrs. Hemans before the shirt. It is an excresence of the musical ma- of the day, and in some even excelling her. “King nia prevailing in that quarter, and is founded on the Pest, the First” is told with spirit, and evinces talent superiority of sound over sense, and of the ears over though somewhat nonsensical towards the end. The words the understanding. It is analogous to the taste of a “Letters from a Sister" preserve their vivacity and head fine lady, who thinks much more of the dress of a man freshness; these are really as admirable specimens of than of the man himself. Such opinions distinctly epistolary description as we know any where. There mark the decline of literature in France, and we do not is a sample of an interesting literary curiosity at all wonder that Monsieur Victor Hugo should be considered events, a new translation of Homer, by “ihe late!
ilse if a prodigy, among a people who prefer sound to sense. William Munford,” which, though it will not quite suc
But this is a trifling draw back on our general appro- ceed in its ambitious design of supplanting Pope and W bation. The sister States, and Virginia most especially, Cowper, and, we suppose, Sotheby too, has some good,, girdi should encourage the Literary Messenger. If she does rough points about it. not from a love of literature, she should do it from a We are very glad to find the Southern Literary Mes-1 regard to her own honor, which cannot but be enhanced senger receives such distinguished encouragement and by having one of the best, if not the very best literary success. It is ably and judiciously edited, and is supperiodical in America.—[N. York Courier and Enquirer. ported by a series of correspondents, one and all of
greater talent than are to be met with in any magazine The Southern Literary Messenger, No. 13, Vol. 1.- of the country:-(Georgetown Metropolitan. The entire volume of which this number forms the completion, is without an exception, (we do not forget the Our notice of the last number of the SOUTHERN LITEold Southern Review,) the most creditable to the litera- RARY Messenger, was necessarily very brief. We Cure of the South of any thing which in the shape of a had but a glance at its pages, though we gathered in periodical, has yet emanated from it. In the multitude that glance much to interest and delight us.
The sco of pieces which it contains, there is an immense profu- cond volume will contain continuations of several most sion of talent, if we might so speak, and an amount of instructive and charming productions; and the work interesting and valuable reading scarcely to be met with will, !herefore, doubtless retain most of its last year's in any other work of the same dimensions and charac- patrons, with an accession of hundreds, who, by this ter we could mention.
time, must be fully aware of its merits and high claims Of the number before us, which still preserves the to general patronage. In addition to the extension of which splendid mechanical appearance which has distinguish the admirable “Sketches of Tripoli," we shall have eller ed the series, (far superior to that of any other maga-1 another, perhaps several numbers, of Professor Dew's
RICHMOND, DECEMBER, 1835.
T. W. WHITE, PROPRIETOR.
FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
PUBLISHER'S NOTICE. of Algiers, large quantities of grain on credit, for the ©The gentleman, referred to in the ninth number Southern Department where a great scarcity then pre
subsistence of its armies in Italy, and the supply of the of the Messenger, as filling its editorial chair, retired vailed. The creditors endeavored to have their claims thence with the eleventh number; and the intellectual department of the paper is now under the conduct on this account satisfied by the Directory, but that inof the Proprietor, assisted by a gentleman of distin- capable and rapacious Government had neither the guished literary talents
. Thus seconded, he is sanguine principle to admit, nor the ability to discharge such dein the hope of rendering the second volume which the mands; every species of chicanery was in consequence present number commences, at least as deserving of employed by it in evading them, until the rupture with support as the former was: nay, if he reads aright the Turkey produced by the expedition to Egypt placing tokens which are given him of the future, it teems with the Barbary States either really or apparently at war even richer banquets for his readers, than they have with the French Republic, a pretext was thus afforded bitherto enjoyed at his board.
for deferring their settlement indefinitely. Under the Some of the contributors, whose effusions have re
Consular regime however, a treaty of peace was conceived the largest share of praise from critics, and cluded with Algiers on the 17th of December 1801, (what is better still) have been read with most pleasure by the thirteenth article of which, the Government ty that larger, unsophisticated class, whom Sterne loved of each State engaged to cause payment to be made for reading, and being pleased “they knew not why, of all debts due by itself or its subjects to the Govand care not wherefore"-may be expected to continue ernment or subjects of the other; the former political their favors. Among these, we hope to be pardoned
and commercial relations between the two countries for singling out the name of Mr. Edgar A. Poe; not
were re-established, and the Dey restored to France with design to make any invidious distinction, but the territories and privileges called the African Conbecause such a mention of him finds numberless prece- ing out of the war.
cessions, which had been seized by him on the breakdents in the journals on every side, which have rung
This treaty was ratified by the the praises of his uniquely original vein of irnagination, Dey on the 5th of April 1802, and after examination and of humorous, delicate salire. We wish that deco of the claims on both sides, the French Governrum did not forbid our specifying other names also, the Jewish mercantile house of Bacri and Busnach of
ment acknowledged itself debtor for a large amount to which would afford ample guarantee for the fulfilment of larger promises than ours: but it may not be; and of Algiers, as representing the African creditors. Of the our other contributors, all we can say is—" by their sum thus acknowledged to be due, only a very small fruits ye shall know them.”
portion was paid, and the Dey Hadji Ali seeing no It is a part of our present plan, to insert all original other means of obtaining the remainder, in 1809 seized communications as editorial ; that is, simply to omit the upon the Concessions; they were however of little value words “For the Southern Literary Messenger” at the to France at that time, when her flag was never seen in head of such articles :-unless the contributor shall es
the Mediterranean, and their confiscatior merely served pecially desire to have that caption prefixed, or there be as a pretext for withholding farther payment. In 1813, something which requires it in the nature of the article when the star of Napoleon began to wane, and he itself. Selected articles, of course, will bear some appro- honesty, he declared that measures would be taken for
found it necessary to assume at least the appearance of priate token of their origin. With this brief salutation to patrons and readers, we without redeeming his promise, and on the distribution
the adjustment of the Algerine claims; but he fell gird up ourselves for entering upon the work of another of his spoils, the Jewish merchants had not interest year, with zeal and energy increased, by the recollection of kindness, and by the hopes of still greater suc
enough to obtain their rightful portion, which amounted to fourteen millions of francs.
Upon the return of the Bourbons to the throne of
France, the government of that country became desirous SKETCHES OF THE HISTORY to renew its former intercourse with the Barbary States,
and to regain its ancient establishments and privileges AND PRESENT CONDITION OF TRIPOLI, WITH SOME AC-in their territories, which were considered important COUNTS OF THE OTHER BARBARY STATES.
from political as well as commercial motives. For this NO. IX.-(Continued.)
purpose, M. Deval a person who was educated in the About this period commenced those differences be- East and had been long attached to the French Em. tween France and the Algerine Government, which led bassy at Constantinople, was appointed Consul General to the overthrow of the latter, and the establishment of of France in Barbary, and sent to Algiers with powers the French in Northern Africa; the circumstances to negotiate. The first result of this mission, was a which occasioned the dispute were however of much convention which has never been officially published ; older date,
however in consequence of it the African Concessions Between 1793 and 1798 the French Government on were restored to France, together with the exclusive several occasions obtained from the Dey and merchants' right of fishing for coral on the coasts in their vicinity