« AnteriorContinuar »
His thoughts were occupied upon the subject until bility of other western towns, but because from person. the hour of his death, even when his senses had Aed. al intercourse and observation, I have had abundant He was a man of genius--fruitful in suggestions, and opportunities to ascertain this fact. We of the east do persevering in research. He left but few subject un. not properly estimate the worth of character which ex. touched, and it will be confessed by all, that he threw ists in the west. We are too apt to fancy that the wellmuch light on many obscure matters. He loved his informed the statesman-the philosopher-the man of profession to enthus'asm, and pursued it every day of breeding, is only to be found in large cities. This is a his existence. He considered it as embracing all the great mistake as applied to western Pennsylvania. With laws of matter and mind, and he thought that a physi- the most of those to whom I have been introduced cian should interrogate nature at noon-day and at mid- across the mountains, my acquaintance bas been ex. night, and faithfully record her responses, however tremely pleasant, and the kindness and attentions of the startling they might seem to the timid, or however much Blairsville people I shall never forget. The Record, opposed to professional dogmas.
published at this place, is an ably conducted newspaper
and well supported. NOTES OF A TOUR.
Manufactures of several kinds, are carried on in this To the Editors of the Philadelphia Gazette.
place, to some extent. Bituminous coal of excellent BLAIRSVILLE, June 18th, 1833. quality is found in great abundance, in all the adjacent ‘Gentlemen,-I address you now from a town, which hills. On the Kiskeminetas, below this place, there are as you see it marked on the map, is a place of minor several extensive salt works. The land in the vicinity, is consideration, but which in reality, considered as a point fertile and capable of producing all our staple articles in the chain of public improvements which connects the of agriculture. eastern and western parts of the state, is of vast import- Blairsville is a port of entry. The collector, Major ance. Blairsville, a few years since, consisted of a so Thomas Johnston, is a gentleman of free and sociable litary public house, at which the traveller across the manners, worth and intelligence, with whose conversation mountains might stop to refresh himself and his beast- and society the visiter will be delighted. now it contains a large number of substantially built and handsome brick edifices-several churches-a market
From the Commercial Herald. and school house, and not less than four or five well kept hotels. It has sprung up suddenly, but its dura
HUNTINGDON COUNTY, PA. tion will not be the less permanent.
Gentlemen,-Before we leave the borough of HuntingBlairsville stands on the western bank of the Cone. don it may be well to remark, that except the usual trades maugh river, a stream flowing into the Alleghany river, carried on in villages, there is nothing in or about the about thirty miles from Pittsburg, and is distant from place which deserves the name of a manufacturing es. that city by land forty miles, by the course of the river tablishment. There is adequate waterpower, great faseventy. This river is one of most beautiful and ro. cilities of transportation, abundance of materiel, and mantic streams in the west. I have passed along its sufficient capital; but those who have the cash are gene. banks for some distance, and been strongly reminded of rally advanced in years—fond of a quiet life, and suffer our favorite Schuylkill, which in some respects, it it to remain uneinployed, except occasionally in some strongly resembles. Its course is meandering and irre. usurious or petty speculation. The groups of chubby gular. Along this river a canal has been made, east of urchins met at every corner of the streets indicate a due Johnstown, and west to Pittsburg, forming the western deference on the part of the inhabitants to the injunc. division of the Pennsylvania canal. That portion he- tion laid on our first parents “crescete et multiplicamine." tween Blairsville and Johnstown is but little used, and They may also be denominated a religious, at least a will not be, until the completion of the Portage rail road; church going-people, if we may judge from the number but the section leading to Pittsburg is in constant and of houses of public worship-with a population little successful operation. Blairsville derives importance exceeding twelve hundred, they have no less than six from being the depot of merchandize brought from the churches. But to proceedeast and west. That from Pittsburg is here landed from
On leaving Huntingdon, the traveller has a choice of the canal boats, and conveyed in teams to Hollidaysburg, routes to Alexandria by the turnpike road over the where it is again placed in boats and taken on to Phila- Warrior ridge, or by the way of Petersburg.
On the delphia. That from the cast is landed here from wagons, former nothing is to be seen worthy of notice, except and passed down the canal to the western metropolis. the Pulpit rocks, so called from their resemblance to a A boat starts daily from each place, at five o'clock in preacher's desk They are composed of huge detached the evening. The passage consumes about thirty hours.
masses of sanıl stone, piled one upon another, and bear From Hollidaysburg to Johnstown, you will recollect, the appearance of having been, at some remote period, a rail road is now being made, designed to connect the embedded in earth, their summit ranging pretty much two canals. This is an important work, but it is to be with the surface of the adjoining hills. The stone is varegretted that the plan was not arranged so as to con- luable for furnace hearths. By the other route along nect Hollidaysburg with Blairsville, instead of Johns- the canal and slack water, the road is highly pic. town. The necessity of this continuation seems to be turesque. Five miles from Huntingdon you pass Juniata now generally conceded, and it is probable it will, in Forge, belonging to Dr. Shænberger. Here the protime, be made. This completed, the means of inland prietor laid the foundation of his immense estate in iron transportation between Philadelphia and Pittsburg will works. be perfected.
Immediately beyond is Petersburg at the
mouth of Sharen's creek, which gives name to a rich A dam in the Conemaugh, at this place, has been valley through which it runs. The Little Juniata, or Lit. made to feed the canal. There is also a darn about nine tle river, as it is sometimes called, unites with the main miles below, where the canal passes through a tunnel of branch about a mile above Petersburg and the same dis. eight hundred feet in length. The scenery at this place tance from Alexandria. At or near this junction the is peculiarly romantic. Between Johnstown and Blairs county town should have been located in pursuing the ville there are three dams. The Conemaugh, which route up the Little river, the first object of interest is is here about one hundred yards wide, is cross- Barre Forge—the first erected in the county. It be. ed by a bridge, of single span, which connects Blairs longs to the Dorsey family, and is still in successful opeville, with a small village on the western shore, called ration. Passing on through a craggy defile about four Bairdstown, containing a store, two taverns, and a num-miles, you reach the mouth of Spruce creek. On this ber of neat dwellings and farm houses.
small stream are six Forges in the space of about as The society at Blairsville is remarkable for its intelli- many miles, and a little further up the valley is Penngence. I say this not to deteriorate from the respecta- sylvania Furnace on Centre county line. "The mine 1833.)
DISEASE AMONG THE CATTLE.
banks in this region are reputed the richest in the state ed to“ the works,” by the farming interest, exceed one and the best adapted to the manufacture of bar iron. hundred thousand dollars, and the value of the ore yearly On a branch of the creek, called Warrior Mark run, extracted from the earth, when manufactured and car. stands Huntingdon Furnace, esteemed, in connexion ried to market, is over half a million of dollars. This with the other works attached to it, the most produc- calculation is predicated on an average statement of tive Iron establishment in the county. It is owned by three years preceding the 1st December, 1831, and is Lyon, Shænberger and others. Up the Little river, a at present no doubt greatly below the mark. short distance above its junction with Spruce creek, Yours, &c.
VIATOR you reach Union Furnace at the mouth of Sinking valley. This is confessedly the best valley of land in Hunting.
From the Pennsylvania Inquirer. don county. It derives its name from a considerable DISEASE AMONG THE CATTLE. stream of water which sinks near the centre of it and suddenly disappears - where it re-issues from the earth
EXTRACT TO THE EDITOR, DATED has not been satisfactorily ascertained. About four or
Holmesburg, Aug. 5, 1833. five miles further up the Little river are the Tyrone Within eight years past, complaints have been made Works, consisting of two Forges, Rolling and Slitting in different quarters of the neighborhood of Philadel. Mills, Nail Factory, &c. These belong to the proprie phia, of diseases among horses, and horned cattle partors, or some of them, of fluntingdon Furnace. "Still ticularly, which, upon several farms, proved speedily further up, in Logan's valley, commonly called Tucku- fatal, in the manner described by your correspondent hoe, are a Forge and Furnace; and a short distance north near Frankford. In almost all the instances I am acon Bald Eagle are two Furnaces. The “Phillipsburg quainted with, this occurred on farms where cattle had and Juniata Rail Road” now being located from the for. been pasturid for many years upon the same field. mer to the mouth of the Little river where it meets the Cleanliness, pure air, and varieties of wholesome food, Pennsylvania Canal, passes through this region of coun- are required by animals of an active character, and are try, and will doubtless be highly beneficial, by increas. instinctively sought by them in a wild state, as is exhiing the facilities of transportation. The road opens a bited by their frequent extensive inigrations. passage to the richest beds of bituminous coal perhaps Among domestic cattle, an inattention to the natural in the United States, most admirably adapted to manu. laws or principles, which are apparent and control their facturing uses. The stock in this Company can scarce. condition, will lead to a less perfect state of health; the ly fail to become valubale.
continuance of the neglect of these causes may induce Having partially explored the upper part of the coun. epidemics. ty, we now return to Alexandria, a handsome village Cattle sometimes are very much restrained, until af. on the main branch of the river, but like Huntingdon, ter harvest, in the use of green food; their natural inits trade is cut off by the diffuse avenues of commerce stincts become perverted; and they are known not to afforded by the Canal. Two miles above is Water selcct with sufficient discrimination, but often greedily street, so called, from the circumstance of the road pass- consume poisonous weeds, which attain their noxious ing through a gap in the mountain, literally in a stream qualities in mid-summer.
The free use of salt will as. of water, in early days. The iron works in this quarter sist to correct the depravation, or control the effects of are not so numerous, but are highly valuable-Elna nauseous plants, and regulate the condition of the sto. Furnace and Furye, belonging 10 Mr. Spang, are situate mach to excite selections. It often happens that cattle off the main road, near the river, some four or five choose litter in a barn yard, instead of clean fodder, for miles above Water street. Next above on the river, is the saline qualities wliich the former contains; and, in Cove Forge, the property of Royer and Schmucker; two some instances, drink the barn yard water, in prefermiles below the village of Williamsburg, and about the ence to a purer fluid, on the same account. We know same distance, at the mouth of Piney creek is Franklin one instance, in which a healthy young cow died from Forge. All these works are favorably situated, on or this indulgence; and a pig who ate some portion of the near the Canal, and have the additional advantage of dung which came from the cow, also died very promptthe trade of Morrison's Cove, an extremely fertile val- ly although in perfect health previously. In their case, ley which extends southward into Bedford county. In death was attributed to the infusion of some rank poi. this quarter ore and timber are abundant, and there are sonous plants, which had been carted into a barn yard three or four Furnaces in the Cove; the net profits of with potato tops, and adulterated the water with their one of them “last blast,” was something like fifteen deadly juices. thousand dollars. I omitted to mention, that south of Upon examination after death, very little appearance Huntingdom on the Raystown branch, there is abun- of disease was noticed; and it is supposed the action dance of stone coal, and a Furnace which has produced was principally communicated through the nervous sysa large quantity of metal, but not of so good a quality tem, and the brains; but a very slight inflammatory apeither for castings or iron,
pearance in the stomach was apparent in the instances Returning to the Juniata, and pursuing our tour west. I mention. The desire for salt is almost universal among ward through some "rugged ways,” we soon reach grass and grain eating animals; and their instigations Frankstown, a small village on the canal, containing of the stomach should always be attended to. The wa. three or four stores, as many taverns, a smith shop or ter, at this season, should also be pure; for although two, with the usual appurtenances of a little town. vegetable poisons may not affect it, various animal and Here again the first object that meets the eye is a large insect deposits may prove equally injurious. Old pasFoundry, which gathers up the “ spare pigs” and casts ture fields seem spontaneously to abound in many poithem into all the beautiful forms required for agricul- sonous plants, which horses and cows cannot devour tural, architectural, and culinary purposes. Two miles with impunity; although they do not prove prejudicial beyond is Hollidaysburg, at the termination of the ca. to some other cattle, as sheep and goats, for instance, nal, east of the mountains a beautiful situation, and who can eat and digest articles which kill other anishould not the water fail to supply the basin, as is fear- mals. ed by many, it will doubtless “Aoat down the tide of These old pasture grounds also become very foul, time with considerable eclat.
from the constant droppings of the cattle, and deleteIn conclusion, according to a statement furnished by a rious exhalations may arise, which are injurious to anivery intelligent iron master, it appears that the differ- mal life, particularly at this season, when the activity of ent establishments in the county employ over 2,500 vegetation upon such fields is feeble; for vegetables hands, who support families amounting in the whole to live by imbibing gases which are deleterious to animal more than ten thousand persons and about 20,000 existence. If such old pastures as cannot conveniently horses. The annual consumption of produce furnish- be ploughed up and limed, had lime scattered over
them—say 25 bushels per acre-during the winter, or the development of the plant, or that its influences were sown with 1, 2, or 3 bushels of salt per acre, in were solely through the stomachs of the animals, I am the spring or summer, they would, I think, be rendered not prepared to explain—but the fact was stated by one more bealthful. If the caitle were taken from them, upon whom I have full reliance, until the grass grew up a few inches, the action of the When I innæus visited Tornea, the inhabitants com. leaves of the grass would purify them somewhat One plained of a distemper which killed multitudes of their of the celebrateil surgeons, Larrey, who accompanied catule, especially during spring, when first turned out Bonaparte into Italy in 1793, mentions an epidemic into a meadow in the neighborhood. He soon traced among the cattle near the Adriatic, which made great the disorder to the water hemlock, which grew plentiravages, and finally attacked the inhabitants of the dis fully in the place, and which the cattle in the spring did trict. He had a hospital established for the cat'le, to not know how to avoid, having been closely confined try various plans of relief, but lost all the animals on during winter. which the di-ease had made much progress. He caus. Dr. Flemming, in his Philosophy of Zoology, men. ed many of them to be opened in his presence, and tions that in Orkney many goslins die when first turned generally found their stomachs filled with indigested out into the hills to pasture, in consequence of eating herbs. The disease became finally contagious, and he the leaves of fox glove. observed upon some farms, that oxen, cows, sheep,and The sudden death of the cattle, described as taking fowls, were all infected.
place recently in Philadelphia and Montgomery coun A particular farm in the neighborhood of some sul. ties, appears something like the effect of a violent veg. phuro-feruginous springs, escaped contagion-and per. etable poison-and the mystery may be solved by some haps the pasture was better there, Larrey observes. He of the intelligent medical gentlemen who are acquaintalso remarks: “The principal causes of this epidemic ed with botany. were the bad quality of the for.gethe swampy state of Peculiar seasons seem to induce the growth of pecu. the pasture grounds-and excessive and long continued liar plants. Almost every year we notice that certain heats, succeeding to a cold, rainy spring.” Larrey re- grain or root crops exceeds others. This summer it commended that the skins should not be taken off, nor was remarked that cherries and blickberries were unu. the flesh permitted to be eaten by other domestic ani- sually abundant. So, the character of the preceding or mals, of such as were affected by the disease-but present season may increase the especial growth of that they should be speedily buried and covered with some noxious plants, which are not commonally abunquicklime.
dant, or so active, in their properties Bleeding and scarification of the gums an, palate, and Sometimes the second crop of hay is found to "slob. purges were recommended in the early stages; and that ber” horses-but at other seasons it has not this effectthe whole body should be washed with warm water probably because the plants which cause the "slob. and vinegar, and the horns to be bored near their base; bers” (for I do not attribute the effects to clover alune) a seton was also passed through the dewlap. If a mark: do not arrive at maturity before the second crop grasses ed crisis appeared before the ninth day, the animal was saved; after that period mild nourishment, bruised corn, Whatever may be the mystery in the sudden deaths barley, &c. parboiled, mixed with a little salt, and of the cattle, it will be found connected with some na. softened with warm water-good forage and tonic tural cause, to discover which, exertions of a character decoctions were employed to assist recovery.
I kely to succeeil should be made. The peculiarities It was strongly recommended to cleanse and purify of food, drink, or air, are those most likely to affect the stables and sheep folds. The account of this disease animals, and it would be well to guard against them by will be found in the first volume of Larrey's Memoirs of appropriate precautions. Military surgery, &c. translated by Dr. Ilall, page 84. I have not recently seen any of the cases of disease
PHILADELPHIA SAVING INSTITUTION. mentioned by your correspondent, and know not the peculiar causes or symptoms, but f'refer your correspon. Statement of the affairs of the Philadelphia Saving Indent to the eminent French surgeon, from whom he may stitution, located at No. 100 Walnut street, between derive some satisfactory assistance.
Fourth and Fifth streets, from its commencement,
June 24, 1833, to the present time, August 19, 1833.
To the Public,
In coming forward thus early with a statement of the Dear Sir: Several years ago, the well known bota- affairs of our Institution, it is more with a view to give nist, Mr. Nuttall, pointed out to me,upon my farm, a plant, a correct knowledge of the manner in which it is gowhich usually blossoms about this season of the year, verned, and the advantag s to be derived from it, than which he referred to as the cause of what is commonly to make an ostentatious show of business: though we called the “Slobbers” in horses; a continual discharge feel perfectly satisfied that more lias been done than from the salivary glands, which exhausts their strength was expected by the most sanguine, at this short stage very rapidly. This plant grows upon old and poor of our progress. The Institution is composed of Fifty pasture fields, and is known by the name of “The De members, who have created a capital stock amounting vil's Tobacco." (Lobelia Inflata.) It is highly fra to $42,250; which is increased every week by the week: grant, spicy, and active as an emnetic-even danger. Sly deposites of members. The capital is also increased ously so—and exercises a very powerful and dangerous by the weekly deposites of those who are not members, influence over the animal system. I have seen a pair of but who have the privilege, at the expiration of the first horses turned out to pasture at night in the heat of sum. year, of converting the amount deposited by them into mer, so weak in the morning, with the water running the Stock of the Institution, and participate in its profits. in streams from their mouths, that they could not be The principal object in establishing an Institution of used for a week. Salt and dry ground food appear to this kind, was to give facilities to those who can afford be the best remedies.
A gentleman who had a farm on the banks of the There are certain plants which require a peculiar Schuylkill
, told me that he sowed a pasture field with preparation for the germination of their seeds; thus two or ihree bushels of salt to the acre, which corrected is the soil in which alone the healthful little plant called this evil, although horses turned into the next fiela Monilia Glauca makes its appearance, in the surface of “slobbered,” and had previously been so affected in putrid fruit; while the small animal termed Vibrio Aceti, the one sown with salt. Whether this salt acted as a requires for its growth vinegar which has been some. preventive of the nauseating effects, or interrupted time exposed to the air.”—Philosophy of Zoology, 1. 25. 1833)
to put by a small sum every week for the purpose of ac- THE WILLS HOSPITAL, FOR THE LAME AND cumulating, while at the same time they receive an in
BLIND. terest of five per cent. per annum.
Some years since a munificent bequest from the late When we take into consideration the flourishing con. James Wills, was left in the charge of the corporation of dition of a number of similar institutions in Baltimore the city of Philadelphia, for the purpose of founding and other cities, we feel confident that, in a very short and supporting an Institution for the reception of the time, we will be able to make such an exhibit, as will Lame and Blind. give entire satisfaction to all who may favour us with On the 27th of April, 1831, the executors of the their confidence, and establish the Institution upon a estate of James Wills paid over to the City Treasurer permanent and salutary basis.
the following amounts, viz: The Institution receives deposites from individuals,
$6,789 C6 as follows, viz:-weekly deposites, not less than one dol
Stocks, par value, 98,907 29 lar nor more than ten, at an interest of 5 per cent. per
Real Estate, first cost, 2,700 00 annum. These deposites must be made regularly every "week, or may be paid several weeks in advance.
Total, $108,396 35 Deposites are received for which certificates are is For the purpose of carrying into effect so desirable sued, payable at ninety days. Upon these deposites an an object as that of providing a comfortable retreat for interest of four and a half per cent. per annum is al- the Lame and the Blind, and complying with the prolowed.
visions of this bequest, a lot of ground was purchased, Deposites, payable at sixty days, for which certificates in May, 1832, extending from Sassafrns to Cherry are issued, bearing an interest of four per cent. per an- streets, and from Schuylkill Fourth to Fifth streets.
The front on Sassafras and Cherry streets, is 396 feet, Deposites, payable at thirty days, for which certific and the depth on Fourth and Fifth streets, 288 feet. cates are issued, bearing an interest of three per cent. The cost of ground was $20,000, on which a builling per annum.
has been erected, that will be entirely completed before Deposites, subject to be drawn out at any time. Upon the middle of next month. The building will cost when deposites of this kind no interest can be allowed, be completed $30,000. cause the money, being liable to be called for at any The funds for the support of the inmates of this intertime, cannot be used.
esting institution will be derived from the interest acRegular weekly depositors, who commenced their cruing on upwards of sixty-six thou: and dollars United deposiies at the time the Institution went into opera. Status 5 percent. stock. tion-or those who will, within four weeks from this The building is 80 feet front on Sassafras street, by date, pay from the commencement, will be allowed to 50 feet in depth, and is built of stone. The front is convert the amount deposited by them, at the expira- composed of sand stone, obtained from the vicinity of tion of the year, into the capital stock of the Institution, Valley Forge, ornamented with six pilasters, having and participate in its profits, instead of getting 5 per Tonic capitals. The doorway is also ornamented with cent interest.
Ionic pilars. Certificates are not issued for a less sum than Fifty The building is composed of a basement, principal, Dollars; but less sums will be received bearing an inter and attic stories. The basement story is completely estof 45 per cent.
fire proof, and contains two dining rooms, each 20 by A Weekly depositor may, at any time, when he shall | 33 feet, one intended for males, and the other for fehave deposited Thirty dollars, or upwards, darw out males; a kitchen, 20 by 40 feet; two pantries, 10 by 14 two-thirds of the amount deposited by him upon his feet each; two cellars for fuel, each 12 by 20 feet; own note.
two bath rooms, each 10 by 14 feet, and two forSTATEMENT.
naces, by which the whole establislıment is heated. Stock,
The principal story contains the steward's parlor,and an Transient Depos'tes,
office, each 16 by 21 feet, a chapel 21 by 32 feet, six
6,240 25 4 per cent. Certificates,
dormitories, each 15 by 16 feet, with balls and vestibule 4 per cent. Certificates,
and a piazza on the south side, 80 feet long, by 12 feet
500 00 Weekly Deposites,
in widih. The second story contains 7 dormitories, 10 2,384 00
by 15 feet each: an infirmary, 21 by 32 feet; two cham$71,535 25
bers, each 16 by 21, for ihe accommodation of the steward's family. The attic story is divided into two
large rooms, each 37 by 21 feet. The whole edifire is Nearly all of which is loaned upon stocks, mortgages, covered with copper.
Com. Herald. and other securities, at 6 per cent.
A list of the members' names may be seen at the of. Hail STORNS.—Two severe hail storms, accompanied fice, where any further information relative to the Insti- by heavy gales of wind, were experienced in Doylestution will be given.
town and its vicinity, on the afternoons of Thursday PETER FRITZ, President.
and Friday last. They took a north easterly direction, CHARIES ROBB, Treasurer. Attest-J. BARRINGTOX, Secretary.
and the heaviest appears to have fallen a short distance above the village, doing considerable injury to corn and
buckwheat. Apple trees were broken down, and a WESTCHESTER,
considerable quantity of fruit destroyed. We under FINE CATTLE. —Mr. Alpheus Morse, from Madison stand that one individual in Buckingham, had upwards county, N. Y. arrived in this borough on the 14th inst. of 100 panes of window glass broken. The hail stones with upwards of 360 head of cattle, selected expressly were exceedingly large;-after the storm had passed, a for this market. Among them were 50 or 60 two-year hail stone was brought to the store of Messrs. F. W. & old heifers, taken from the best dairies, which are in de H. Moore, at the Cross Keys, by a little girl, which, afmand and will sell readily, at fair prices. Of the work ter being carried in the hand some distance, measured ing oxen, of which the bulk of the drove is composed, upwards of five inches in circumference.—Bucks Int. some were very large; of just proportion, and well broke; and so highly pleased were many of the purchasers at The Chester Upland Union mentions, that on Friday last year's sales, that increased prices have now been last, 16th, Tinicum Island was visited by a severe hail given. Two pairs of this description were sold at $175 storm from the north east, which lasted about fifteen per pair; two at $140, and many at intermediate prices, minutes, and destroyed upwards of fifteen hundred down to $60 according to size and tractability. - Village panes of glass in the Lazaretto Hospital and the adjaRecord.
cent buildings. The store houses and dwellings belong
It was an
ing to the United States, sustained consiilerable injury. This place was left instantly, and after immense lubor, The trees in the vicinity were partially stripped of we made our way to an adjo ning house, where we were their fruit, and a number of them destroyed.
gratified in depositing the children in safety. The lady
Phila. Gaz. was in great distress for her infant, it being her firm beThe upper section of Berks county, on Thursday af- lief, while exposed to the storm, that it had perished ternoon last 15th, was visited with a most violent hail in her arms. When she found all safe, she sank down storm. Its extent, north and south, was confined to in a state of utter exhaustion. about half a mile, and probably reached some miles in
The storm was not yet over, though its fury was main. the other direction. The hail stones were as large as ly spent. While in this place of safety, we witnessed walnuts, somewere of globular form, and others were
more of its devastating effects. A new house within a of the appearance of fragments of broken sheets of ice, hundred yards of our retreat, was blown down, an entire the pieces varying from two to five inches in length orchard was prostrated, and trees, fences and out build. The ground was completely covered with it for a time, ings, rased to the ground, as if by magic. The scene and such was its violence, that the driver of the Potts was most dreadful. ville stage, which passed through it, had his hands so Our party escaped with whole skins, but with little much lacerated, as to cause a copious flow of blood. - Ib. else. One of our gigs was whirled about in the air, for
some time, but was only triflingly injured. Our apparel PITTSBURG, June 1833. was completely spoiled. Gentlemen :-) witnessed this afternoon a terrible dis- In the city the tornado was less terrible, but the storm play of the fury of the enraged elements.
of rain and hail was very severe.
Great numbers of exhibition such as I never before saw, and such an one, trees, awnings, light buildings, &c. were prostrated, but as I pray Heaven I may never stand exposed to again. I have not learned that any lives were lost
. I will mention particulars.
I had made arrangements for leaving this place to. A party of gentlemen, filling three gigs, left this place night, but passing through this scene, has untitted me this morning. on a visit to Brarldock's Fields, the scene for a tour at this time. I shall therefore remain a day of the dreadful slaughter of the English army, by the or two longer, to refit both in health and apparel. Indians, in 1755. The spot is about nine miles from
Philadelphia Gazette. the city, on the banks of the Monongahela, and we reached it about noon. We spent about two hours in
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. walking over the field of battle. A gentlemen who resides in the neighborhood, very kindly pointed out to us the ambuscade, in which the Indians were hidden, the
The following is a copy of the Circular addressed by spot where Braddock fell fatally wounded, the retreat | Amos Kendall to the State Banks:of the army under the direction of Washington, who on
AUGUST, 1833. that day, most gloriously signalised himself as an effi. Sir-I have been appointed by the Secretary of the cient officer; and indeed every other prominent part of Treasury, at the request of the President of the United the ground. We trod over these fields, now under States, to confer with the states banks in relation to fucultivation, and flourishing with vegetation, and re- ture deposits and distribution of the public revenue. called to mind the events of that day. The fur It is deemed probable by the Government, that the rows of the plough iad turned up the bones of war- Bank of the United States, will not be re.chartered and riors, who had fallen dead on the fiell of glory. that no other institution will be established by Congress Remains of bones are still visible. In our rambles we to supply its place as Agent of the Treasury. picked up several pieces, as well as an arrow barb, As it is now less than three years to the expiration of Aints, musket balls, &c. whiclı I have carefully preserv- its Charter, the President thinks it his duty to look to ed. On our return, the occurrence took place to which the means by which the service it now renders to the I have alluded above.
Government, is thereafter to be performed, and if sufWe had arrived within about two miles of the city, ficient reasons shall exist, the Governmert may desire when we saw in the west symptoms of a coming storm. to employ another Agent, or other Agents, at an earlier They were trilling, and we felt confident we could period, could reach the city, before the rain began. In this The sole object of my appointment is, to ascertain on expectation we were disappointed; and before we had what terms the several siates Banks may be willing to proceeded 300 yards, thick black cloud suddenly perform the service now rendered by the Bank of the enveloped us, rendering the atmosphere very dark. In United States to the Ġovernment, should it become nean instant, a large tree on our right tumbled down with cessary or expedient to employ another agent, or other a trememdous crash, sending the limbs and fragments Agents, that the Secretary of the Treasury may, in that in every direction.
It commenced hailing and blowing event, be able to make a judicious selection. awfully. We saw ourselves in a tornado, and hastily In pursuit of this object, I have the honour to inquire jumped out of the gig. While endeavoring to keep up whether the Bank over which you preside, is desirous, our horse, who was nearly thrown down by the wind, I should a change take place, of undertaking that agenlost my hat. I ran after it, but was blown violently cy, or a portion of it, at against the fence on the opposite side of the road. Re. If this inquiry should be answered in the affirmative, covering myself, I again ran; but never shall I forget I am authorised to communicate with you further on the the sensations which passed through me. Tree after subject. tree went down with a prodigious crash literally filling It is, however, to be distinctly understood, that noththe air with splinters and fragments—the wind rushed ing which may pass, is to be considered a pledge on the and roared with a horrid noise-the air was black with part of the Government to remove the deposits from dust and the pelting of the hail; and the force of the the Bank of the United States, before the expiration of wind rendered it impossible for me to keep my feet. its charter, or to employ your Bank in any event, or to On reaching my hat, I stumbled upon an elderly lady, make any final arrangements upon the conditions whieh who with three children, one at the breast, had alighted may now be proposed or received. from a wagon, the horses attached to which in their If it be convenient, I shall be happy to know the disfright had become unmanageable. A gentlemen at- position of your Board of Directors, on the subject; if tached to our party seized one of the children, I another, not, will you do me the favour to give me your own, and with the mother between us, we endeavoured to leaving an expression of the wishes of the Board to some make our way to a neighboring barn. This we reached, more convenient opportunity. but we had no sooner entered the door, than a large Very respectfully, part of the roof was blown entirely off, leaving us expos
Your obedient servant, ed to the most imminent danger.