« AnteriorContinuar »
currence in an effort to obtain an early legal adjudica.
PHILADELPHIA, February 29th, 1764. tion of the right All of which is respectfully submitted, by
Old Friend,- When I last wrote, I did not intend to
IJAZAL TIIOMAS. take up the pen again till I should hear from thee, Mr. Lippincott, called up for consideration a resolu- but an event has happened of so extraordinary a nature, tion of the Common Council, relative to the reorganiza- and which at present makes so great a noise here, that tion of the City Police, which was concurred in, and Messrs. Lippincott, Neff and Eyre, were appointed the I thought a particular relation of it, might not be unaccommittee.
ceptable. I am convinced you will have various accounts COMMON COUNCIL. – Mr. Chandler offered a re-concerning the matter, some favourable to one side, and solution relative to the appointing of referees for set
some to the other; therefore, I shall endeavour, as far tling the affairs of the Bank of the late Stephen Girard, which was adopted by the Common Council, but was
as lies in my power, to give as exact a representation of referred to the committee of the whole in the Select the whole affair, as possible. Council.
In my last, I informed thee, that a number of Indians Mr. Gilder offered the following resolution, which had been brought down from the Moravian settlement was adopted.
Resolved, That at their first sta'ed meeting in June upon our frontier, and placed by the Government upon next, Councils will elect a Superintendent of the build the Province Island, where they were to remain till a ing of the Girard College for Orphans.
peace could be effected with those Indians that were Mr. Lapsley called up for consideration the report then at war with us, or till such time as we were able to and resolution of the committee on Markets, relating to a western market bouse, made the 8th of April last; subdue them; it is true some persons belonging to this and Mr. Merrick moved to postpone the resolution for tribe were suspected of being concerned in the murder the purpose of offering the following as a substitute, of the inhabitants, but as no sufficient proof appeared, which was agreed to.
Resolved, that the Committee on Markets be in and as some of them were known to be well affected, structed to inquire and report on the expediency of and had done us confidential services, it was judged not purchasing a lot of ground suitable for a western market. I only just, but likewise consistent with the maxims of Mr. Huston offered the annexed resolution.
prudence and good policy, to invite them down, and Resolved, That a committee of three members from take them under our protection; esp cially as they had each Council be appointed, to make arrangements for a proper expression of respect by the city authorities to requested it, and voluntarily offered to deliver up their the President of the United States, on his arrival in Phi. arms, as a security for their good behaviour, and a testi. ladelphia-and tender to him the Hall of Independence, mony of their baving no ill intentions against us. in which to receive his fellow citizens who may be desir. ous of waiting upon him during his continuance in this Besides this tribe, there was another, consisting of city:
about twenty persons, men, women and children, who When Mr. Joseph B. Smith moved to postpone the have lived for many years upon a small tract of land resolution until next October, which was lost; ihe resoJution was adopted—and Messrs. Houston, R. Toland, granted to them by the proprietors, in the manor of Merrick, Worrell, Netfand Lippincott, were appointed Conestogo. These poor natives, from their peaceable the committee.
and quiet behaviour, (having never been concerned in
any hostilities against us) were looked upon by the lePAXTON BOYS. *
gislature as proper objects of their regard, and were We are indebted to a correspondent for the following accordingly taken under their protection as well as the letter, which he says, he found "among some old fami. others; but with this difference, that they were suffered ly papers, and was written by one of his ancestors." It to remain in their own habitations, where, as they were contains an amusing account of the excited feelings of not allowed the liberty of hunting, they spent their time our citizens, in consequence of the serious affair, to in making of baskets and brooms, which they sold to which it alludes, and shows how readily, under such cir- the white people for a subsistence. cumstances, a whole community can be alarmed even
Whilst these precautions were taking here, in order by imaginary danger.
to prevent the innocent from falling with the guilty, Sir Many families are no doubt in possession of corres. William Johnson was employed on the frontiers of New pondence which details namerous incidents and facts. York, in conciliating the affections of the six nations, recorded in this familiar manner, at the time, and under yho for some unknown cause, appeared to be wavering the feelings of the moment, which, though they are not with respect to the part they should act on the present ajways to be relied upon, as furnishing the best evidence occasion. It seems by the accounts we have received, in all cases, are still the truest criterion of the belief, by that Sir William's negotiation was likely to be attended which the conduct at the time is influenced. It is there with all the success that could be wished, five of the fore desirable to possess as much of this kind of testi. confederated tribes seemed sincerely desirous of renew. mony as possible, as it is generally entertaining, and of. ing their ancient friendship and part of the Senecas ten throws light upon facts, which would otherwise ap. (the only tribe actually in arms) had been brought pear inexplicable-we would therefore repeat the re.
over by showing them how inconsistent their conduct quest frequently made, to be furnished with documents
was with the dictates of good policy, as the English of this nature for the Register, which is, perhaps, the were now possessed of almost all North America; these, most appropriate depository for them, that can be together with others of different nations, engaged to adopted.
pursuade or compel the remaining part to sue for peace. See Vol. VI. pp. 297,358. VII. p. 255 and IX pp. Indeed Indian affairs in general wore a favourable as. 114, 144.
pect; our back settlements had not been disturbed, nor VOL. XI.
murders been committed from the month of make any opposition. Expresses, liowever, were disOctober; all was calm and quiet, and the conversation patched to this city, informing us of what bad happened, of the people in general, began to turn upon other sub- and at the same time, letting us know that a large body of jects—but in the month of January, part of the inhabi- them intended to come down and destroy the Indians tants of Paxton township, together with others from upon the Island. Many of the inhabitants were greatly the west side of Susquehanna, who had lost, or pre. alarmed at this intelligence,and orders were given to protended to have lost, some of their friends and relations vide a number of flats to be ready at the Island, to carry by the Indians, took it into their heads (as they had been off theIndians into the Jerseys,in case any attempt of that out upon several scouts, in which they had destroyed sort should be made. A correspondence was also settled some wigwams, and a few acres of Indian corn without with several persons of note, in different parts of the killing any enemies,) that they would attack the Indians province, who engaged to give the speediest notice of upon the manor of Conestogo; accordingly one morning the motions of these “children of Promise or Saints about day break, they came upon this village, and with Militant." In the mean time the Highlanders being arthe most savage fury, destroyed every person in it. rived here on their way to New York, in order to em. Luckily the greatest part of them happened to be bark for their native country, it was thought proper, abroad, and so soon as they heard of it, flew to the town in order to quiet the iņds of the people, and to prevent of Lancaster, where they were received in the most the government from being insulted to send the Indians friendly manner, consoled for their losses, and in order under their care to that city, from whence they were to to secure then against any further clanger, put into the proceed to Sir William Joho‘on, to be disposed of as he work house. This being done, the Sheriff and several should judge most for the interest of the Colonies But, others were sent out to bury the dead, who, when they as the wisest men, and the greatest politicians, are somearrived at the place, found the bodies most shockingly times liable to mistakes, it so happened, that no request mangled, and the houses burnt to the ground. The was made to the Governor of York to grant them a pasheroes who had performed this exploit immediately dis- sage through his territories. Accordingly, when they persed themselves; part of them were met by Tommy came to Elizabethtown or amboy, they received his orWright, who suspecting what they had been about, told ders to proceed no further, for that he would not receive them he had supposed they had just returned from kill. them. Their directors were now at a loss what to do, ing the Indians upon the manor? They replied, what to send them forward they could not, to bring them if they had? Why, says he, if you have, you have done back was dangerous—in this state of suspense they rea very base action, for they were under the protection mained not long, for General Gage interposed in their of the government. No government, answered they, bebalf, and ordered Captain Schlosser with upwards of has a right to protect heathen. Joshua-was ordered a hundred Royal Americans to conduct the Indians back to drive the heathen out of the land. Do you believe to Philadelphia, and guard them till the spring. The the scripture? if you do not, we have nothing to say to Captain accordingly brought them back again, and you, and so left him. Imention this short conversation lodged them in the barracks, that they might be more to give thee an idea of the principles of those who immediately under the care of the soldiery,and more reawere engaged in this boly war, and who were determin- dily assisted than they could possibly be if they were ed to fulfil the command given to Joshua with the most sent down to the Island. scrupulous exactness.
Whilst they were upon their march through the Jer. Scarce had they time to give thanks for this signal seys, faction and clamour seemed to subside, but no victory, but down they came again in a considerable sooner was it known that they were returned, than the body, part of them, supposed to be about fifty, entered spirit of discord began to operate afresh. At first, onthe town of Lancaster, well armed, rode up to Slough's ly a little murmering was heard, then they began to tavern, turned their horses into the yard, asked where threaten, so that it became dangerous for a person inthe Indians were, ran to the work house, demanded the any of the back counties to speak his mind with free. keys of the keeper with threats, opened the door, and dom. Nay, so far did they proceed, that letters to and almost in an instant, shot and tomahawked every one of trom this city to Lancaster, were obliged to be sent (it them. Neither the mother nor the tender intant that is said) unsubscribed, for a practice was made of openhung at the breast, was spared, though on her knees she ing them, and communicating their contents to the disbegged for mercy, all where alike the objects of their affected. At last, on the fourth of this month, we reruthless vengeance, which being satisfied for the pre-ceived certain intelligence that a considerable body of sent, they returned to their horses and rode off.
them were coming down with arms to destroy every InWhether this bulchery could have been prevented, I dian they could meet with. The Governor immediatecannot take upon myself to determine. There was at ly upon this, ordered the Sheriff and his officers to the time a company of Highlanders in the town, and it summon the inhabitants to meet in the afternoon at the is said, the officer who commanded them put himself in State House. A vast concourse accordingly assembled, the way of the magistrates, in expectation of receiving when it was proposed that they should enter into an orders for that purpose. On the other hand, they say, association to defend the government, for it was imaginit was but twelve minutes from the time the Paxtoneers ed that killing the Indians, was not the only motive of entered the town, till all was over, in which case, con. this hostile insurrection. Several persons entered their sidering the general consternation, it seemed too late to names directly, and notwithstanding it rained heavily,
went and equipped themselves with the implements of any judgment was to be formed from countenances and war,and marched up to the barracks, where they contin behaviour, those who depended upon them for defence
ued under arms with the soldiers all night. Our old friend, and protection, would liave found their confidence ? the Parson, and a few more belonging to the same pea shockingly misplaced.
ceable society, were of the number. The Governor The number of persons in arms that morning was was also there with several other gentlemen.
about six hundred, and as it was expected the insurIn the marning the weather proving fair, (though ve. gents would attempt to cross at the middle or upper ry cold) a number of carpenters were hired, who, by ferry, orders were sent to bring the boats to this side, Captain Schlosser's direction, built a redoubt, in the and to take away the ropes. Couriers were now seen centre of the parade, at the barracks, and fortified the continually coming in, their horses all of a foam, and gateways with angles of thick plank, which had spaces people running with the greatest eagerness to ask them left between for the soldiers to fire through. Several where the enemy were, and what were their numbers, pieces of cannon were likewise hauled up and the best The answers to these questions were various, sometimes preparations were made that the time would admit of. they were at a distance, then near at hand-sometimes
Notwithstanding these warlike measures, the govern- they were a thousand strong, then five hundred, then ment was still unwilling to proceed to extremity. They fifteen hundred ; in short, all was doubt and uncer. thought it best to try the milder methods of pursuasion tainty. first, and therefore sent the Reverend G-T-t with Abont eleven o'clock it was recollected the boat at two or three more pious divines of the same order, to the Sweed's ford was not secuwed, which, in the pre: convince them if possible, by the force of reason and sent case, was of the utmost consequence; for, as there argumont, or by the apposition of texts of scripture, that was a considerable freshet in the Schuylkill, the securthey were in error, and to prevail upon them to return ring that boat would oblige them to march some distance home. Perhaps some people may be inclined to cen- up the river, and thereby retard the execution of their sure this step, when they consider that a proclamation scheme at least a day or two longer. Several persons had been published, offering a reward of two hundred therefore set off immediately to get it performed ; but pounds for apprehending any of the parties concerned they had not been gone long, before there was a general in the murder of the Indians at Lancaster, and that the uproar-they are coming! they are coming! Where? riot act had been extended to this province a few day? Where ! down Second street ! down Second street! before.
Such of the company as hai! grounded their fire-locks, The day passing over, and no enemy appearing, nor few to arms, and began to prime ; the artillery-men any intelligence of their motions, we began to hope that threw themselves into order, and the people ran to get the rumor was without foundation. For my own part out of the way, for a troop of armed men, on horseI went to bed as free from any apprehensions of danger back, appeared in reality coming down the street, and as ever I did in my life, and slept very soundly till after one of the artillery.men was just going to apply the famidnight, when all of a sudden I was alarmed by the tal match, when a person, perceiving the mistake, ringing of the bells. I listened to know the cause, clapped his hat upon the touch hole of the piece he was (being loath to get out of bed as I had a bad cold) ex. going to fire. 'Dreadful would have been the consepectingsit was fire, but no cry, no rattling of engines was quence, had the cannon discharged ; for the men that to be heard ; I then laid myself down with a resolution appeared, proved to be a company of German butchers to go to sleep again, when one of the neighbours thụn- and porters, under the command of Captain Hoffman. dered at the door, and called to us to put out the lights They had just collected themselves, and being unsusfor the Paxton Boys were coming. Up I jumped im. picious of danger, had neglected to give notice of their mediately, whipped on my clothes, and ran to the door,' coming ;-a false alarm was now called out, and all bewhich I had no sooner opened, than I heard the old came quiet again in a few minutes. militia drums with solemn dubb beating to arms, and In the afternoon we received intelligence that those saw the inhabitants running from all quarters to obey who were sent to the Sweed's ford, arrived too late, for the summons. By sunrise they had got themselves offi. the Paxtoneers had actually crossed the river, and were cers, and brought forth those ensigns which were once got as far as Germantowr., where they proposed to take displayed with such terror in the glorious battle of the up their quarters for the night. Several persons went New Market. The remains of the old artillery compa. from town to view them, and from the best accounts ny were likewise mustered, and two pieces of cannon that could be obtained, their numbers did not exceed brought out of the magazine and stationed before the two hundred ; but they pretended that the whole were court house. All business was now suspended, the not come in. This formidable body of forces consisted, shops and stores were close shut, and every person principally of a set of fellows, dressed in blanket coats seemed anxious to know what would be the issue of all and mocassins, like our Indian traders, or back-country this tumult.
wagoners : they were armed with rifles and tomaBefore I proceed further it may not be amiss to in. hawks, and some of them had a brace of pistols besides, form thee that a great number of the inhabitants here few of them were men of any property, but had been approved of killing the Indians, and declared that they hired or persuaded to the undertaking, by persons, would not offer to oppose the Paxtoneers, unless they at. whose views and designs may, perhaps, in time, be distacked the citizens, that is to say, themselves-for, if closed, although at present we can only guess at them. Their chiefs were almost as obscure as themselves, but condition of the back inhabitants, and demanded a re. on this occasion, assumed an air of command and im- lease from taxes for a twelvemonth--also, that five or portance, (one of them was called Smith, another Gib. six of the Indians should be brought to trial as murder. son, the third I have forgot.) They behaved with ers, and that the number of representatives for the great civility to those they conversed with—were sur. frontier counties should be increased. As it was neces. prised to hear that the citizens had taken up arms to sary that these requisitions should be laid before the oppose them—declared that they had no intention of Governor and Assembly, the Chiefs agreed to disband injuring any one, and only wanted satisfaction of the their troops and come to town with the Envoys, to ens Indians, as some of them had been concerned in the force them, being promised protection on the faith of murder of their friends and relations. All this was very the Government. well, with respect to us, but it is much to be doubted,
The weather now clearing, the City forces drew up if they would have carried their complaisance so far, near the Court House, where a speech was made to had not preparations been made to receive them.
them, informing them that matters had been misrepreNight now coming on, the inhabitants were dismiss sented,—that the Paxtoneers were a set of very worthy ed, but ordered to hold themselves in readiness on the men (or something to that purpose) who laboured unfirst notice;-at bre:k of day the alarm bells rang again der great distress,--that Messrs. Smith &c. were come and all got under arms.
(by their own authority) as representatives, from severI should have mentioned that when it was known they al counties, to lay their complaints before the Legislawere at Germantown, it was proposed in Council to go ture, and that the reason for their arming themselves and take them prisoners, but that advice was overruled. was for fear of being molested or abused. By whom? Though Captain Torbet Francis, of the 441h Regiment, Why, by the peaceable citizens of Philadelphia! Ha! (who, at the request of a number of young persons, had ha! ha! Who can help laughing? The harangue conundertaken to command them) voluntarily offered to cluded with thanks for the trouble and expense they make the attempt; but as it was reported they were ex
had been at, (about noihing) and each retired to their cellent marksmen, and as a great deal of blood might several homes. The next day, when all was quiet, and probably be spilt upon the occasion, it was resolved to no body dreamed of any further disturbance, we were send a body of select patricians to inquire into the ob- alarmed again. The report now was, that the Paxtoneers ject of their coming, and to persuade them to return had broke the Treaty, and were just entering the city. home ; they accordingly set out early in the morning, It is incredible to think with what alacrity the people some of them with great reluctance, as it was a measure few to arms; in one quarter of an hour near a thousand they by no means approved of.
of them were assembled, with a determination to bring The weather being now very wet, Capt Francis, the affair to a conclusion immediately, and not to syfter Capt. Wood and Capt. Miffin, drew up their men un
themselves to be harassed as they had been sehera! der the market house, which, not affording shelter for days past. If the whole body of the enemy had come any more, they occupied Friends' meeting house, and in, as was expected, the engagement would have been Capt.Joseph Wharton marched his company upstairs, into a bloody one, for the citizens were exasperated almost the monthly meeting room, as I have been told-the to madness; but happily those that appeared did not rest were stationed below. It happened to be the day exceed thirty, (the rest having gone homewards) and as appointed for holding of Youths' Meeting, but never they behaved with decency they were suffered to pass did the Quaker youth asssemble in such a military man- without opposition. Thus the storm blew over and the ner-Never was the sound of the drum heard before with: inhabitants dispersed themselves. in those walls, nor ever till now was the Banner of War The following day the Indians were shown to one of displayed in that rostrum from whence the art has been the men, who pretended to know the inurderers, but so zealously declaimed against. Strange reverse of he was unable to single them out, and declared he nevtimes, 'ames –. Nothing of any consequence passed, er reniembered to have seen any of their faces before, during the remainder of the day, except that Captain except one old squaw ; this being told to his comCoultas came into town at the head of a troop, which rades they were satisfied, anch leaving their leaders he had just raised in his own neighborhood. The Cap. behind them to settle the other points, they marched tain was one of those who had been marked out as vic-off. tims by these devout conquerors ; and word was sent It was now hoped that all was over, but it seemed as to him from Lancaster to make his peace with Heaven, if the very devil himself had got loose amongst us, for for that he had but about ten days to live.
a hoy appeared before Plumstead, and swore that himIn the evening our Negotiators came in from German- self and another boy were hired one night by some pertown. They had conferred with the Chiefs of this illustri- sons, with flat hats, to row four or five Indians to the ous and have prevailed with them to suspend all hostil- Island ; as soon as this was known, (which was not imity till such time as they should receive an answer to their mediately) some people began to say, aye, there was no petition or manifesto, wbich had been sent down the danger in shewing the Indians to the Paxtoneers, after day before. This paper was supposed to have been they had removed the guilty out of the way. This was drawn up for them in Philadelphia, in order to colour a vile reflection, and bore hard both upon the Quakers over their proceedings, and give them an appearance of and the officers who commanded at the barracks. rectitude ; it contained an account of the distressed. These latter were highly incensed to think that their 1833.1
characters should be at the mercy of a mean boy,--and President, two Vice Presidents, Recording and Corresthe former thought it equally cruel that the reputation ponding Secretaries, a Treasurer, and twelve managers,
who together shall constitute a Board of Managers, of a whole society should have so slight a dependance. They shall have the power to make their own by-laws. Application was therefore made, that the boy might be Art. 3d. This Association shall meet quarterly on the produced, and a promise was made, that he should be fourth Thursday evenings of March, June, September,
and December; the meeting in March shall be the annual seen the next day at the Mayor's ; but the boy disap- Ten members shall constitute a quorum. Special peared, and has not been heard of since. They now meetings may be called by the President, at the written say, that the Quakers have sent the boy away, to pre-request of 10 members. vent a discovery of their conduct. Indeed, every thing
Art. 4th. The following shall be the pledge of this
Association. was said that the most rancorous malice can suggest, to
PLEDGE. blacken that society. It is really amusing, to think how far our animosities are carried ; persons who were that the use of Tobacco, in any form is not only unneces
We whose names are hereunto annexed, believing intimate, now scarcely speak-or if they happen to sary, but also hurtful to the constitution of man, do meet and converse, presently get to quartelling. In pledge ourselves, henceforth and forever, to abstain short, harmony and love seem to be banished from a. from, as far as in us lies, disclaim and discountenance its mongst us.
use, excepting for medicinal purposes.
f Art. 5th. This Constitution shall not be altered, exThe Paxton Chiefs are gone home without being cept with the concurrence of two-thirds of the memheard, and we are daily threatened with a return of a bers present at the quarterly meeting in December, or more formidable force. Most people are now convin- at a meeting called for that purpose.
On motion, it was resolved, that S. D. Hastings and ced of the utility of a military force, to secure our lives 2. H. Mason, be appointed a committee to take the and property: and the Assembly have passed a law for names of those persons present wishing to unite themthat purpose, which now lies before the Governor. Whe- selves with the association. The committee reported ther he will give his assent to it or not is doubtful, for at the call of the chair. After the assembly had dis
On motion, the meeting adjourned to meet the Assembly have vested the power of choosing officers persed, a meeting of the association was called, at in the people-a point which, I am confident, they will which it was resolved that the part of the first article never give up so long as we remain under a Proprieto- relative to ages, be altered to read thus, between the ry Goyernment.
ages of 12 and 25, &c. The number of managers (art. I remain thy sincere friend, &c.
2d.) was changed to six beside the officers. On motion, the meeting proceeded to an election of officers for the
ensuing year. Whereupon the following were unani. PHILADELPHIA, June 13th, 1833.
mously elected, “viva voce."
Chas. J. Peterson, President. Proceedings of a meeting held for the purpose of Jos. P. Thompson, 1st. Vice President. forming an Association for Discouraging the use of To. Samuel D. Hastings, 2d. do. bacco.
Zelotes H. Mason, Rec. Sec'ry. In accordance with a notice which was inserted in J. Pope, Cor. Sec'ry. several of the daily papers, that a meeting for the pur
Geo. R. Graham, Treasurer. pose of forming a Young men's Association for discoun.
Vanagers. tenancing the use of Tobacco, was about to be con. Samuel D. Wyeth, Thos. Elmes, Jr. vened, a meeting was held on Tuesday, June 4th, at 8
Wm. Brantly, Jr. P. M. in the Lecture Room of the Fifth Presbyterian
ithin George Ayres, Alex. Ramsay Church, when C. J. PETERSON was called to the chair,
On motion, the meeting adjourned tu meet at the and Z. H. Masox appointed Secretary.
call of the President. Mr. J. P. Thompson then read some extracts con
Published by order of the Board, cerning the use of Tobacco, from the New York
C. J. PETERSON, President. Evangelist, Journal of Humanity, &c. On his motion,
Z. H. Masox, Secretary. it was resolved, that a committee be appointed, retire and draft a Constitution. The committee was appoint.
ROUND TOP. ed by the chair, and consisted of J.P. Thompson and
MARIETTA, JUNE 20, 1833. G. R. Graham. The following is their report with amendments by the meeting.
One of the most delightful excursions we have ever
made was enjoyed by us, on Friday of last week. Our PREAMBLE.
readers who reside contiguous to this neighborhood,
necd not be told of the beautiful elevation well known Regarding the use of Tobacco as a physical evil, as • Round Top.” Towering far above the adjacent inasmuch as it affects the frame with a deleterious in. hills, she seems like a watch tower for the defence of Auerice, stupifies the senses, dims intellectual percep- the lovely scenes that she looks upon. She presents no tion, and in many cases leads to an inordinate indulgence peculiar beauty to the eye, when viewed from a disin intoxicating liquors. We, the undersigned, do form tance, but, placed on her summit, we at once acknowlourselves into an Association for discountenancing the edge her the Chimborazo of our district. use of this noxious weed, and for our government, do
Nothing was wanting to make our party most agreeadopt the following
able. A gentle western breeze fanned away the too
gentle warmth of a June sun, our boat glided cheerily CONSTI I'UTION.
over the water, and our ascent to the summit was renThis association shall be called the Young Men's As dered the reverse of toilsome by the presence of our sociation of Philadelphia for Discouraging the use of fair companions. But even had our jaunt been irksome Tobacco. It shall consist of those persons between in the extreme, how richly would all toil and fatigue the ages of 12 and 30, who shall subscribe to this Con have been repaid by the splendid scenery which burst stitution, and it shall be supported by voluntary contri- upon our view. For miles around us, the country lay butions.
in all the loveliness that characterizes "THE GARDEN Art. 2d. The officers of this Association shall be a OF AMERICA." The waving grain, the green pastures,