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Board of Commissioners of the Northern Liberties, en- buted greatly towards facilitating the works of the Rai] closing certain resolutions refusing to concur in the pro. Road Company. position submitted as an agreement between the City, The committee are of opinion that those lands will, at Kensington, and that District

, for the supply of the no distant period, with judicious management, be proSchuylkill water to the Kensington district, unless under ductive of very considerable revenue to the city, but certain provisions. Articles of agreement, to which owing to the particular circumstances under which this the Board are willing to accede, were submitted. Laid part of Mr. Girard's estate is devised, they have thought on the table,

it most prudent to enter into an arrangement with the The president presented a communication, from Ben- agent, whose salary has been continued the same as fis. amin Tilghman, Esq. in relation to certain patent re. ed by Mr. Girard-by which his salary and all incidental flecting lamps, in Fourth, between Walnut and Spruce expenses, including taxes, shall not exceed the income streets, which had been purchased by citizens, and of the estate, while all the proceeds of the estate beyond placed under the control of the corporation. Laid on the amount of his salary are to be paid over by him to the table.

the treasurer of the Girard estates. Mr. Groves presented a remonstrance against making In conclusion, the committee beg leave to remark, Crown street a stand for stages, which was laid on the that it is doubtful whether the boundary lines of this table.

estate have ever been correctly established, and conMr. M'Creedy presented a petition praying for the ceiving this to be a matter of much importance, they rerepaving of Front street, between Arch and Market spectfully recommend the adoption of the following reReferred to Paving Committee.

solution: Mr. Grores from the committee, to whom was refer

Resolved, That the committee having in charge the red a memorial of citizens, praying for liberty to extend lands belonging to the estate of the late Stephen Girard, a rail road in Market street to Eighth, made a report out of the county of Philadelphia, be, and they are favorable to the petitioners. A resolution was attached hereby authorised to take such measures as they may authorising the construction of said rail road, under the think the most expedient for ascertaining and establishdirection of the Select and Common Councils, whenever ing the boundary lines of the lands in Schuylkill county, petitioners shall give security for the amount necessary and that the Mayor be authorised to draw his warrants, to cover expenses. Laid on the table.

(at the request of the said committee,) on the treasurer Mr. Groves, from the committee appointed to examine of the Girard estates, for such sums as may be necessary and report on the situation of the Girard estate, pre- to accomplish that object. sented the following report:

In compliance with the resolution of Councils, the The Committee having charge of the Girard estate committee have also visited the lands devised by the late out of the county of Philadelphia, beg leave to report. Elias Boudinot to this corporation, in trust, &c.-these

That agreeably to a resolution of Councils, they have lands lie on the south side of the west branch of the recently visited the lands in Schuylkill county, and have Susquehanna, and on the western declivity of the Allethe satisfaction of stating that the improvements hereto- gbeny mountain; they commence about four miles before authorised to be made are now nearly completed. low Karthau's, and extend down the river several miles, The agent, Mr. Boyd, who was employed by Mr. Gir- and no doubt contain large bodies of bituminous coal ard, and who has been continued by the committee, and iron: the committee are of opinion that these minewill remove from his present residence near Danville, rals together with the timber in the vallics, constitute into the mansion house at Girardville, during the pre- the chief value of this estate, there being but little if sent month. The tavern, commenced by Mr. Girard, any farming land. The west branch canal, now authohas been finished-also a store, smith-shop, and stable, rised by act of assembly, will, when completed, be all of which were indispensable, and are now producing within

about fifty miles from the lower end of the lands; rent; these improvements, together with several acres and when the river is high it can be navigated to that of land, which have been cleared, have materially chang- point without difficulty. These lands however, are so ed the appearance of the place since the first visit of the remote from the city, and the expense and difficulty committeee, and Girardville, which was then but a necessarily attending their management, will consewilderness, begins now to assume the appearance of a thriving village, affording comforts to the workmen and quently be so great, that it is presumed they cannot for

a length of time be made to contribute much towards accommodation to the traveller. The road contemplat. the objects intended by the donor, in addition to these ed by Mr. Girard, and which connects the eastern with circumstances the taxes (of which two years are now the western part of the estate, has been completed suf. due) are still accumulating. In view of these facts, the ficiently to be travelled over with carriages. The grist committee, after having given the subject mature deand saw mills on the Catawissa creek, on the eastern liberation, are of opinion that the best course to pursue, section, which were much out of order, have been put will be for the city to obtain the sanction of the state, in good repair, and will be rented-some of the farms, by act of Assembly, for them to make sale of these (of which there are six,) in the eastern section, have lands to the best advantage, and apply the proceeds been rented upon the terms prescribed by the commit- thereof to the objects specified in the will of the testatee on a former visit, on improving leases.

tor. They therefore offer the following resolutions: The Pottsville and Danville Rail Road Company, to

Resolved, That application be made to the legislawhom a lease has been given to work the coal mines on ture, at their next session, for authority to sell the lands the Bear ridge, have commenced their operations, and in Centre county, devised to this city, in trust, &c. by have ascertained from actual exploration, that there are the late Elias Boudinot. sixteen large veins of coal on the ridge which they have

Resolved, That the Mayor be, and he hereby is au. opened, producing coal of superior quality.--they are thorised to draw his warrant on the city treasurer, in making a tunnel, and have penetrated the ridge about favor of J. G. Lowry, Esq. treasurer of Centre county, eighty feet, and as the rail road is expected to be finish for the sum of forty dollars and two cents, being the ed as far as Girardville the present season, there is no doubt that coal will be brought from those lands to this amount

of taxes, due on the Boudinot lands, for the city, during the ensuing spring. The saw mill on the years. 1832 and 1833.

Philadelphia, Sept. 12, 1833. Shenandoah creek has been put in good order--this mill as well as the two other saw mills on the Mahonoy, The first and third resolutions were adopted, and conhave been busily employed in cutting timber to fulfil curred in by the Common Council. The second resothe contract entered into by the agent, with the Potts- lution was laid on the table. ville and Danville Rail Road Company--these mills will Mr. Worrell, from the committee to whom was refer. yield a fair profit to the city, and have no doubt contri- / red the petition of Griffith Evans and George Pepper, 1833.]

IMPROVEMENTZ ON THE SCHUYLKILL.

187

ers.

praying for an extension of the culvert in Mulberry surer, on B. Cooper, Treasurer of the Girard Fund, street, westward to the river, reported favorably on the for $30,000, to be appropriated to the improvement of application, and submitted an ordinance authorising the the city property on the Schuylkill. Laid on the table. city commissioners to commence the work. Expense

COMMON COUNCIL, of culvert, wharf, and dock, estimated at $3,500, Laid on the table.

The president submitted a communication signed Mr. Wetherill, from the Watering Committee, made Richard Willing, and others, representing that a sloop, report on the subject of the old Engine House, at Fair loaded with paving stones, which had recently sunk off Mount, recommending that the centre building be ar

Stamper's wharf, materially interfered with the naviga. ranged for public meetings of citizens, and the wings tion of the river, and praying that the corporation would fitted up for the use of the men having charge of the direct its removal

. On motion, the committee on the water works. Cost estimated at $3,000. Adopled.

drawbridge lot, were authorised to confer with the Mr. Wetherill

, from the Watering Committee, made wardens of the port, and take measures for the removal a report, recommending the appointment of two suitable of said obstruction. persons to examine the condition of the Fair Mount The president submitted a communication from Midam, with a view to ascertain its stability. Also, recom-chael Woolf, the individual employed to attend to the mending that the Watering Committee be authorised to committees of Councils, at their meetings in the City appoint qualified persons to measure the quantity of Hall, requesting some compensation for his services. water flowing over said dam. Adopted.

Referred to a joint special committe, authorised to reMr. Worrell, from the committee on the city proper- port at next meeting, the proper amount of compensaty, at Chesnut street wharf, Schuylkill, made the follow- tion. Committee of Common Council, Messrs. Maitland ing report:

and Yarnall. Select Council, Massey and McCreedy. To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Mr. Wetherill presented a petition from a committee Philadelphia.

of the Fifth Baptist Church, in Sansom street, praying

permission to erect in front of their house of worship, a The commitee appointed to superintend the improve patent reflecting lamp—the oil, &c. to be furnished by ments of the city property, at Chesnut street wharf, on the city. Referred to the committee on Argand burnthe Schuyl kill, in addition to their report presented on the 14th of February, 1833, further report

Mr. Sailor presented a memorial remonstrating against That in conformity to the resolution of Councils, passed November 8th, 1832, they have caused the old making Crown street a stand for coaches. Referred to

the committee on markets, Engine House at the corner of Schuylkill Front and Chesnut streets, to be taken down, and made use of the Dr. Huston presented a petition praying that west materials thereof, in the erection of the Store House, George street may be opened and regulated. authorised to be built, under the direction of the com- Mr. Smith presented a petition of like import. Remittee by resolutions of Councils—the said store is one ferred to the Paving Committee, with power to act. hundred and twenty feet front on Beach street, and

Mr. Smith presented a petition, praying that Jacofrom thence extending westward eighty feet, and is by street may be paved. Referred to the Paving Comnow being roofed in.

mittee. The south dock or canal, is nearly completed with suitable floodgates, now in their places, and the north chael Andress, agent for John Brooks, in relation to a

Mr. Chandler presented a communication signed Midock or canal is nearly walled up, the whole being in a

muisance back of Third, above Union street, and asking satisfactory state of progress. The money expended on these improvements up to permission to lay an iron pipe to the culvert in Union

Referred to the Paving the present time, amounts to the sum of thirty-two street, to remove the same.

Committee, thousand and fifty-six dollars and thirty-five cents—and for removing the old engine house, the cost has been Mr. Gilder presented a petition asking that Lewis twelve hundred and thirty eight dollars, seventy seven street may be paved. Referred to Paving Committee, cents; together amounting to thirty-three thousand two with power to act. hundred and ninety-five dollars and twelve cents. Mr. Elliott presented a bill making the corporation

The committee have received from J. Erdman, an debtor to J. B. Sewell, $30, for superintending the estimate of the probable cost of completing the build. printing of sundry accounts of the Girard estate. Reings, wharves, docks, &c. Which including the sums ferred to the committee on Accounts. now due and unpaid, amounts to twenty-one thousand

Mr. Lapsley from the Market Committee, to whom three hundred and twenty-five dollars, making the was referred a petition praying for a change in the stand whole expense of this improvement when completed, for market carts, from Pine above Third street, to Pine (which the committee believe will be in the course of below Third street, reported against the application. the present season,) fifty-four thousand six hundred and twenty dollars, and twelve cents. All of which

is Adopted, and concurred in by Select Council. respectfully submitted.

Mr. Lapsley from the Market Coinmittee, to whom Mr. Lippincott, from the committee on the subject, coaches, reported against the application. Adopted,

was referred petitions for erecting a stand for Manayunk reported an ordinance for the regulation, government, and concurred in by Select Council. and direction of the Wills' Hospital, which was ordered to be printed.

Mr. Merrick from the committee appointed to pre

pare an ordinance for the re-organization of the City Mr. Groves from the committee on the subject, re. Police, agreeably to the provisions of the will of ported an ordinance, directing the City Clerk to make Stephen Girard, made the following report which was correct accounts, annually, of all taxes and water rents adopted, and concurred in by Select Council. levied on the estate of the late Stephen Girard, and ordering the same, when duly ascertained, to be paid they have examijed into present arrangements, and

That in the fulfilment of the duties assigned them, over to the City Treasurer. Ordered to be printed.

have called to their aid gentlemen whose practical Mr. Massey submitted a letter from Professor Hare, knowledge and long experience in its operation, enaon the subject of lighting the city with gas, &c. and ex. bled them to point out wherein it is defective, and to pressing his opinion as to the incxpediency of that mea- what extent changes may be made conducive to the sure, Laid on the table.

public good. Mr. Lippincott submitted a resolution authorising the The result of these inquiries has been a conviction Mayor to draw his warrant in favour of the City Trea-l on the minds of the committee, that to meet in its full spirit, the wishes of the testator, and render the police from an increase of expenditure and value of appara- an efficient protection to the lives and property of their tus, a like increase of appropriation was sought. As fellow citizens, will require a change in the whole sys- however the grade had been fixed by former commit. tem, involving an increased expenditure, arising from tees, after a careful examination into the circumstances additional duties, and an increased number of individu- of each company, and as the session was advanced too als to be employed.

near its close before such application was made, to ad. In a matter of so much importance to the welfare and mit of such a revision, as would ensure equal justice to safety of the community, your committee are of opi- all, your committee have not deemed it expedient or nion, that no hasty or ill-advised steps should be taken, proper at this time to make any change. but that the plan should be fully matured by gentlemen The committee cannot close their report without es. fully competent to the task.

pressing their gratification at the admirable order and The committee have applied for advice to the Mayor keeping of the Fire apparatus, every part of which apand Recorder of the city, and the late Mayor, and be-peared in the best condition for effeciive service, and lieving that the experience of those gentlemen, whose reflects much crcdit on the gentlemen to whose patri. knowledge of the subject will enable them to judge of otic exertions the community are indebted for the prethe practical operation of any change that may be made, servation of their property from the destructive elebetter than can be done by any committee of Councils, ment. All which is respectfully submitted. recommend that the subject be referred to them to re

Mr. Gilder from the Paving Committee, reported a port to an early meeting of the next Councils, and in resolution for repaving Sixth street from Race to Vine pursuance offer the following resolution to the consider. -Rye street-Walnut street from Schuylkill Third to ation of Councils. Resolved, That John Swift, Mayor of the city, Joseph

Front, and Schuylkill Sixth from Race to Arch. Mcllvaine, Recorder, Benjamin W. Richards, and Jos.

Dr. Huston called up for consideration the report of Watson, late Mayors, be and are hereby appointed the committee on changing the name of South alley, Commissioners for the purpose of devising a new and and offered an amendment directing said alley, as well more efficient system of police, for the protection of as the new street opposite to be called, Commerce

Select Council non con the city, in obedience to the will of Stephen Girard, and curred in the amendment-Common Council refused to that they be requested to report at the first meeting of next Council, or as soon after as practicable.

recede, and appointed Messrs. Chandler and HusAll which is respectfully submitted.

lon a committee of Conference. Select Council ap

pointed Messrs. Wetherill and Lippincott. Mr. Merrick from the committee on Fire companies,

On motion, Councils adjourned until Thursday evenmade the following report, which was unanimously ing next. adopted and concurred in by Select Council. To the Select and Common Councils.

CHARGE OF JUDGE DARLINGTON. The committee on Fire companies report

HORSE-RACING. That in conformity with the ordinances appropriating to the Fire companies in the city, the sum of $7000 to

“At the recent court in Delaware county,Judge Dar. defray expenses incurred in keeping their fire appara - lington delivered a Charge to the Grand Jury-and at tus in effective service-they have certified to the May, from, which we find in the Upland Uniun.

their request, furnished the following extract there. or the following apportionment, and requested him to draw his warrant on the City Treasurer, in favor of the

There is one offence against the laws, of which we President of the companies, respectively, for the amount are very rarely officially informed, but which we have appropriated to each.

abundant reason to believe, is too common within this

district. Assistance Engine Company $245

Rumor, and even the public newspapers,

sometimes inform us that the law against horse-racing Columbia

245

is disregarded and set at nought in this and the adjoining Delaware

245 Diligent

county of Chester. It is believed that times and places 291 50

are appointed for these public and open infractions of Good Will

245

the law—that crowds assemble to witness them, always Hand-in-Hand

245 Harmony

composed, in part, of the idle, the dissolute, and the 245

vicious—the free passage of citizens over the highways Hibernia

245

is often obstructed—and the scene not unfrequently Pennsylvania

291 50 Philadelphia

winds up with gaming, drunkenness, and breaches of 291 50

the peace. Reliance

The subject is respectfully submitted to 245

the attention of the Grand Jury. Vigilant

245 Washington

We will not detain you to inquire whether public

245 American Hose Company

horse-racing be, under any circumstances, useful or

282 Columbia

necessary for the encouragement of the better breeds

282 Fame

of horses, (a question about which much might be said 282

on both sides) because, it is believer!, all will agree Good Intent

282 Hope

that the tendency and practical effect of horse-racing,

282 Neptune

(at least such as are supposed to exist among us, is

282 Philadelphia

noxious to the peace and good order of the community:

282 Perseverance

besides often obstructing the highways, and rendering

282 Phoenix

the passage over them dangerous, the facilities given to

291 50 Resolution

the extension of crime and fraud, by the gathering of 282

the idle and vicious; the various species of gambling Robert Morris

282 Southwark

which are sometimes practised by them on such occa:

282 Washington

sions; the chance of uttering and passing counterfeit 282

notes; and many other practices of a demoralizing and

criminal tendency, must far overbalance any imaginary

$7000 00 In this apportionment your committee have been horse-racing, and be a sufficient consideration, one

good which can ever be hoped for by the practice of guided by their predecessors. During their visit to in. would suppose, to induce the whole people, magistracy spect the apparatus, no disapprobation was expressed and peace officers, of such a county as this, to rise up by the gentlemen in attendance to the amount appor- and put forth their strength against the practice, and tioned to each, except in one or two instances, when 'thus eradicate the stain which will otherwise remain

1833.]

MISCELLANEOUS.

189

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upon the general good character of the people of this the studies of the following year, the trustees took oc
county for exemplary morals and peaceable and dutiful casion to state the gratifying results of the first years'
submission to the laws.

labours. The expectations then indulged bave been
But it is enough for roo and for us to know, " that fully realized, and they feel themselves warranted in
all racing, running, pacing or trotting horses, mares, or saying from a careful inspection during the three years
geldings, for money, goods or chattels, or other va. which have sin e elapsed, and especially at the close of
luable things," are declared by the act of the 17th of the last session, that this system has been ably and
February, 1810, "10 be common nuisances against the faithfully carried into effect. The instruction of the
state," and the authors, parties, contrivers and abet. pupils in every branch of their studies has been tho-
tors thereof, shall be prosecuted and proceedled against rough and accurate.
by indictment.” The same act further provides, that The trustees have pleasure also in believing that the
• each horse, mare or gelding, used or employed by public confidence in the University is becoming more and
the owner thereof, or with his consent, in any race, on more established. The number of pupils admitted at
which any bet or wager shall have been laid, or any the last examination was greater by one third than at
purse or stakes shall have been made, shall be forfeited the corresponding period of any former year. It is en
to the proper county: and the said horse, mare or geld couraging to perceive from this demonstration, that the
ing so forfeited, shall at any time within two months institution is growing in the esteem of our fellow citi-
thereafter, be seized by any overseer of the poor or zens, and that the measure of its support increases with
supervisor of the highways of the township in which the conviction, founded upon actual results exhibited
such race shall have

been run, or by the sheriff, or any by the classes that have been graduated, of its capacity
of his deputies, of the county within which said town. to afford a comprehensive and solid education.
ship shall be situate.".

In bearing this testimony, according to their daty,
We know not whether any complaints may be for to the merits of the Institution, and to the industry,
mally laid before you for offences against the law just zeal and ability of the Professors, the Trustees avail
referred to, but the attestation you have just taken, au- themselves of the occasion to repeat the expression of
thorises you, nay requires you to make diligent inquiry; their sense of the importance of the trust committed to
that is, by all the means within your knowledge, or that them. and of their determination to endeavour to exe-
you may be furnished with. if you require the atten- cute it in a manner worthy of the enlightened commu-
dance of witnesses, the court will compel their atten- nity whom it most immediately concerns. That com-
dance, so that you may examine them on oath. You munity, and all who may feel an interest in the advance.
have the right to present the offences and the names of ment of morality and learning, they would respectfully
the offenders in writing, with the names of the witness- but earnestly invite to make themselves acquainted
es you may choose to furnish, whereby the Attorney with the actual state of the University, persuaded that
General may be enabled to prepare and prosecute in nothing more will be necessary to convince them that
dictments.

“it is as broad in its principles and comprehensive in its
If it shall be found that any peace officers, whose course of instruction, as any college within our common
duty it is to suppress crimes and punish nuisances, or country,” and extending its usefulness by their counte-
any ufficers especially charged with the execution of nance and support. Let it have the place it deserves
the act referred to-if any magistrate, constable, over. in their thoughts and affections, so as to be invigorated
seer of the poor, supervisors of the highways, sheriff by the warmth of habitual kindness and consideration,
or his deputies, have been remiss in their duty, so that and with the blessing of Heaven its success is certain.
either offenders or horses have escaped, the Grand Jury Signed by order of the Board.
have a right to present them.

WM. WHITE, Chairman.
The gambling character of horse-racing is all that has JAMES C. BIDDLE, Secretary.
heretofore met the reprehension of the Legislature, ex-
cept within the city and county of Philadelphia. By the
aci of the 22d of March, 1817, all horse-racing, whether

The Coal Trade.-In our paper of Wednesday we
for money or other valuable thing or not, is forbidden, published what we then stated was an incomplete ac:
under severe penalties, upon any of the public roads or

count of the number of the vessels laden with coal, that highways in that populous district-a provision which, I had cleared from the river Schuylkill, during a period for the safety and convenience of travellers, we should of a little over five months. (See page 158. We are like to see extended over the state. But under the pre- now enabled to present a tolerably complete return. sent act, to wbich your inquiries have been directed, it From 20th of March to the 1st of September, the numis only such races upon which some "bet or wager” ber of vessels laden with full cargoes of coal, were 52 shall have been laid, or some purse or stakes shall brigs. 568 schooners, and 124 sloops--making a total have been made, or some money, goods, chattels or

of 744 vessels. During the same period, the Lehigh other valuable things” shall have been striven for, that Coal and Navigation Company despatched from the come under the notice, penalties and forfeitures of the Delaware, laden with coal from the mines at Mauch law.

Chunk, i ship, 32 brigs, 155 schooners, and 55 It is recommended to the Grand Jury to take the sloops-total, 243. The whole number of clearances subject into consideration, with a hope that whatever from the Delaware and Schuylkill, therefore, amount may be the immediate result, at least public inquiry to nine hundred and eighty-seven. may be directed to the subject, and that in the end, the

During the ensuing two months, we hazard little in say. offence with all its concomitant evils may be banished ing that there will be five hundred vessels despatched from our county.Village Record.

with coal from this city-Com. Herald.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

LARGE SALE OF COAL LANDS.
Sept. 2, 1823.

The tract of Coal Land known as late the property
The trustees of the University have great satisfaction of Jacob W. Seitzinger, Esq. in the vicinity of Potts-
in being able, after three years' experience, and after ville, containing 652 acres, was sold last evening, at the
the examination of the classes in the collegiate depart- Merchants' Coffee House, by T. W. L. Freeman, auc-
ment which has lately taken place, to renew the assu. tioneeer, for the Marshall, at $34,500 cash.
rance of their entire and even increased confidence in
the efficiency of the institution under its present pro. Tow Boat.-The steamboat Linnaeus, purchased
fessors. The system of instruction adopted at the re in New York, for the purpose of towing vessels up and
organization of the department of arts, was announced down the river Schuylkill, has arrived, and is now en-
in the month of September, 1829, and at the close of Igaged in that business.

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FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE BOARD OF and scientific,an agricultural and mechanical Institution. TRUSTEES OF LAFAYETTE COLLEGE, In reference to each of these departments, it will be

our business to exhibit it before the public in its past October 8, 1832.

history, its present condition, and its future prospects. In presenting to the public their First Annual Report,

Morality and Religion. the Board of Trustees of Lafayette College deem it decorous, briefly to state the reasons why

it did not appear rated. Any that may have been admitted unawares,

No young gentleman of immoral habits has been tole. sooner: why they have remained so long inactive-at least inefficient.

given to vicious practices, are obliged to abandon their Soon after the issuing of their charter, in 1826, the babits or their standing: The tone of moral feeling has trustees were called together, and the Board was or.

been and still is such, that society and companionship ganized: measures were taken to sketch.out a system with the strict rules of morality: and it is this moral

are withheld from every student who does not comply of instruction and order of studies. Attempts were made to procure suitable teachers and raise funds. The force, combined with private friendly admonition, rather former failed, it is believed, chiefly because the latter than censure or the fear of it, that has hitherto secured did not succeed; and the latter failed, partly, because its decided moral character. Thus we hope it shall public attention was then, and has been ever since, too

ever be. much engaged with the subject of the internal physical

The religion of the Bible is taught once a week in a improvements of the state, to give merited attention to familiar Bible class exercise. All the students attend the internal, moral, intellectual, and physical improve this class, and also the morning prayer in the College ments of her citizens; and partly, from a want of deep Hall--and the family religious exercises. In these last, feeling interest in education in general, and of a corres. such of the students as choose, participate. A little pondent disposition in the public and individual minds more than one half generally engage in this duty and to contribute to its promotion. The magnitude of the privilege. No religious sect is known. The institution object and the consequent extent of funds necessary to has always embraced many denominations, and still does its attainment, seemed to paralyze effort: and after a so: and the charter guarantees its privileges to all, with. few exertions, too much, we confess, characterized by out distinction of religious party, a spirit of despondency, the friends of the enterprise,

Literature and Science. yielding to the invincible necessities of the case, abandoned it for a time, but not forever. We still believe ent from other colleges, except the issuing of special

In this department we profess to have nothing differit a noble enterprise, and one which the best interests certificates or diplomas for particular branches of study. of our country required, and we have only been waiting the opening of a door of hope in the presentation of in reference to any particular objects, except that of

The Board have not yet arranged these specifications more auspicious circumstances. not waited in vain. Providentially the circumstauces common school teachers. It will be seen in the appenhave occurred, and the door of hope is thrown open be dix to this report, what is the course of studies for the fore us.

general scholar in the several classes, and what the

special requisites for the school teacher's diploma. In During the last winter, information was incidentally making the arrangements for this last, we have had received, that the Principal of the Manual Labor Acas particular regard to the destitutions of our country and demy of Pennsylvania, located at Germantown, had re- the elevation of the standard of common school educasigned the charge of that institution, but had not aban- tion. doned the enterprise of conducting education in con- The department of German literature, in which the nexion with manual labor. That the location of that Board feel a deep interest, has suffered a severe loss in establishment so near the city, and consequently so the resignation of Rev. Professor Rauch, D.P. A large expensive as to living, proving a chief cause of its em. class was just forming and had written for books, when barrassment, and its charter limiting it to that vicinity, their hopes were disappointed by his removal. This he was determined to remove to a part of the country is the more to be regretted, because the limited rewhere circumstances were more promising: Upon in sources of the Board render it impossible for them at vitation this gentleman visited our town in February present to employ a competent Professor in that delast, and after various interviews with the Board and its partment alone, without some collateral means of supmembers and friends, finally agreed to accept the office port. Our ardent wish and hope however is, that the of President of the College-provided, the Military German population of Pennsylvania will not suffer the requisitions could be dispensed with, and Manual Labor language of their fathers, the most majestic and venerasubstituted in their place; and provided the Board ble of the modern tongues, to pass away from the coun. would procure the necessary accommodations as to lands try of their adoption. We hope they will, by enabling and houses. The former proviso was soon met by a

us to meet our charter obligations in the endowment of change in the charter, and the latter partially by a lease a German Professorship, revive a taste for the literature of Mr. Midler's farm adjoining this borough. Mean of Luther and Melancthon, of Wieland and Goethe, of while, the trustees of the academy at Germantown had | Tholuck, Gessner, and Gessenius. resolved to sell their property and suspend their school.

On the 10th day of August last, the Board appointed Thus the way was prepared for the removal of the stu: Mr. Charles F. M'Cay, who has for nearly two years dents. And thus it will be seen, that in a qualified been teaching in the academy, Professor of Mathemasense, Lafayette College is a continuation of the Manual tics and Natural Philosophy; Mr. J. J. Coon, Professor Labor Academy of Pennsylvania; and we are happy in of the Latin and Greek languages; and Samuel Gross, thus recording our obligations to the trustees of that M. D., Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Botany. institution. Their labors, though apparently abortive, Under the administration of these gentlemen, together have really not been in vain. They deposited the germ with the President, we feel confident this department and nourished the plant which it is ours to cultivate to will not disappoint any reasonable anticipations of the maturity. Let it then be our concern not to suffer the public: in which confidence we are fortified by the very thrifty nursling, which their industıy has prepared to satisfactory results of the recent examination. our hands, to languish and die for the warmth of genial soil and proper culture. Let us rather, by furnishing

Agricultural and Mechanical. both with a liberal hand, secure its rapid growth, until The farming operations have prospered under the suits top shall aspire toward the heavens, its branches pervision of Mr. Thomas Pollock, who with the labor spread over our hills, and its fruits descend in rich of the young men, conducted the farming operation abundance to honor and to bless our land.

specified in the appendix. Our horticulture proved a Lafayette College is a moral and religious, a literary losing concern. The unprepared state of the ground,

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