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the authority aforesaid, That as soon as said election tion shall at no time exceed the income of the fund
shall be completed, the clerks of the Select and Com-devised by the City authorities in trust, by the late
mon Councils shall divide the persons so chosen by lot James Wills, and such other contributions as may be ob-
into three classes of two each; the first class to serve one tained for that purpose.
year, the second to serve two years, and the third to
serve three years, and shall record the result upon the
minutes of the Councils respectively.

Section 4. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That on the fourth Thursday of October of each succeeding year, the Select and Common Councils shall elect in joint meeting, three persons to serve as Managers of the said Hospital for three years, in the place of those whose term of service shall then expire, and whenever any vacancy may occur in the said Board, by death, resignation, or otherwise, the same shall be supplied in like manner at such time as Councils may determine.

Section 14. And be it further ordained and enacted Hospital shall cause the same to be furnished in an ecoby the authority aforesaid, That the Managers of said nomical but substantial manner, with all such articles of household and kitchen furniture as may be necessary and proper for such an institution, and the expense attending the same, shall be paid out of the general fund devised for that purpose, on orders drawn in man ner aforesaid, any thing in the foregoing section to the contrary notwithstanding.

Section 15. And be it further ordained and enacted
shall on the second Thursday of September in every
by the authority aforesaid, That the Board of Managers
year, report to the Select and Common Councils, a
statement of their proceedings, containing a full and
accurate account of their receipts and expenditures for
the past year, and that the said accounts be audited
by the Committee of Accounts of Councils.

Enacted into an Ordinance, in the city of Philadel-
phia, this twenty-sixth day of September, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
President of Common Council.
President of the Select Council.

Section 5. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said managers shall meet within ten days after their appointment, and shall elect out of their own number a President and Secretary, and the said offices shall be filled in like manner, each succeeding year, at the first meeting of the Board of Managers which may be held after the annual elec. tion.

Section 6. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all orders drawn on the Mayor and City Treasurer, for such sums of money as may be necessary for the support of the said Hospital, shall be approved by the Board of Managers, five of whom shall constitute a quorum, and the said orders shall be signed by the President, and countersigned by the Secretary of the Board.

Section 7. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That as soon after the said Board of Managers shall be organized as may be, they shall draw up such general rules and regulations for the management and supervision of the said Hospital as they may think proper, which after being approved of by the Select and Common Councils, shall be considered as the established rules and regulations of the same, until in like manner altered or amended.

From the United States Gazette.


It is not many months since we had occasion to note from personal observation, the undertaking of Mr. Friedlander, to instruct the blind, under the patronage of a society of gentlemen in this city. Since that time, Mr. F. has taken a house in North Twelfth street, and priate machinery, rooms and play ground. In compli opened it as a regular school for the blind, with approance with a special invitation, we visited Mr. Friedlander's school on Saturday afternoon, in company with some others, better capable of judging of a part of the exercises than were we.

Section 8. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the Managers of the said Hospital shall be authorised to elect a suitable person to serve as Steward of the same, who shall be allowed a compensation of not exceeding three hundred dollars per annum, to be paid quarterly on orders drawn in manner aforesaid,

ARCHD, RANDALL, Clerk of Select Council.

Section 9. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said Board of Managers shall have power to appoint such other officers, nurses, and domestics, as they may think necessary for performing the labor and such other services as are requisite to the said Hospital, who shall be paid for their services such compensation as the Managers may deem reasonable.

One was

When we entered the house, Mr. F. and five or six music, Mr. F. leading from the piano forte. of his pupils were engaged in a concert of instrumental playing on the bass viol, two or three on the violin, and another on the French horn. This was followed by singing. The whole was performed to the admiration ence to the circumstances of the musicians, as exceedof the company, and considered, even without referingly well done.

Theodore Myers, a smart and pleasant lad only nine years old, who had been in the institution about five months, played on the violin, keeping good time, and playing well his part."

Abraham Marsh, a boy about thirteen years old, joined in the concert, and William Graham played the French horn with great exactness.

Graham and another pupil subsequently played a duet on the piano forte.

Section 10. And be it further ordained and enacted
by the authority aforesaid, That the said managers shall"
admit only such persons into the said Hospital as are de-
signated in the will of the said James Wills.

Section 11. And be it further ordained and enacted
by the authority aforesaid, That the Managers be, and
are hereby authorised and requested to take such mea-
sures to increase the fund of this charitable institution,
either by donations, life, or annual subscriptions, or
such other means as they may deem most expedient.

Section 12. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That whenever the funds of the Hospital will admit, the Managers shall establish a school for teaching such inmates of the house as may be capable of receiving instruction.


When the musical performances had ceased, we folHere was exhibited a quantity of work, perlowed the master and pupils up to the regular school formed by the lads-a basket of silk guard chains for er baskets that they had made. We may remark that watches, which they had woven, and a number of wickbetter shape than are usually found in market, and althese baskets were of a much closer texture, and of a together exhibited a better state of workmanship. The were neatly twisted and beautifully wrought into the handles, hinges, loops, &c. all made of the willow twigs, texture of the main work. A quantity of these baskets were handed to the scholars, and cach could designate

Section 13. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the number of inmates admitted into the said Hospital, shall at all times be so regulated and prescribed by the Managers thereof, that the expense attending their support and accommoda

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those which he had made himself, and could refer every other one to its proper maker.

Mr. John Vaughan, a gentleman to whose philanthropy the school is in a great measure indebted for its existence and present advancement, mentioned to us, that some time since he met with a blind lad, whose situation he felt anxious to relieve, and he raised a contribution among some gentlemen of his acquaintance, amounting to about one hundred dollars. This sum he offered to the basket makers in the vicinity, if they would instruct the lad in their own labors. They de clined the premium in the full conviction that he could never learn to make a basket.

Now, one of the pupils of the school is the son of a basket maker, and his work is probably far superior to ordinary work offered for sale, and the young woman who has instructed the lads, professes to have found them as docile and as rapid in their improvement as boys of the same age who can see.

The affectionate manner in which the little scholars spoke of, and addressed Mr. Vaughan, was proof of the kind interest which that gentleman has manifested in the successful establishment of the school.

The exercises upon the map of the United States were exceedingly interesting. The lad, Abraham Marsh, bounded the states, pointed out the capital cities and chief towns, told the relative positions of places, laid his finger upon the sources and marked the course of the rivers to their mouths, and made such observations upon the map as would seem impossible for any but "open and seeing eyes" to suggest.

"Is Rhode Island a large or a small state?" asked one of the company. "Why," exclaimed Abraham, "here it is small enough; I can almost cover it with my finger; a little of it only comes out beyond my finger nail.'

A little boy, William Hartz, not more than six or seven years of age, designated the letters of the alphabet; other pupils read lessons from cards with raised letters; others wrote sentences with the pencil on slates, and some printed names of visiters with moveable types. We were much interested in the exercise in figures. One of the lads arranged before him, on a frame, three rows of figures of nine places, amounting numerically to hundreds of millions. They were then read from right to left to the boys by lines. They listened attentively, and then gave each line of figures by enumeration, and in a minute added up the three columns and gave the sum of the whole; and this without having felt the face of the figures, depending entirely upon their recollection of their order. This we regard as a very remarkable exercise of the faculty of memory.

We followed the little folks next into their supper room, where they soon satisfied us that a good appetite is by no means dependent upon vision. Good order, indeed, prevailed at the table, but the evidences of taste were particularly observable. After the close of this interesting exercise, little Willam Hartz went through with his devotions in German. He subsequent. ly sung, with a most mirth-provoking accent, a German song, adding thereto by way of close, an imitation of William Graham's French horn, with some words of the little imitator's own supplying.

The company then adjourned to the play ground, where the little blind pupils amused themselves with gymnastic exercises, in which they appeared very expert. Theodore and little William amused the visiters by a race.

Some one gave William Hartz a piece of money; he felt of it with great satisfaction, and having fingered out the denomination of the piece, he forthwith thrust it into his lowest pocket, with a look of the most perfect satisfaction.

"And what will you do with that money?" asked Mr. Snyder, a gentleman in some way connected, and from his manner, we should think beneficially connected,

with the institution-"and what will you do with that money?"

"When I go out," said the little fellow, "I will buy some good things."

And what will you do with the good things which you purchase.

"Oh" said the boy, rolling up his sightless eyeballs in evident pleasure, "I will give some of them to Theodore, Abraham, and all the boys." The child delighted at the prospect of sharing his "goodies" with his school mates, clapped his hands together, jumped up, and sung half a verse of his Dutch song, with a tone not to be mistaken, though the words were heathen Greek, to most of his auditors.

We should do injustice to our own feelings, and to those who accompanied us to the school, were we not to express our sense of gratitude for an afternoon's enjoyment, such as has seldom fallen to our lot. But the school for the blind is a public consideration; and, we trust, will be so regarded. We profess to under. stand something of the requisites of an instructor, and we may venture to assert that the manners of the blind pupils, their appearance and conversation, all indicate the kind parental care of their accomplished instructor Mr. Friedlander. While the improvements, made by the scholars, show how eminently qualified he is for the station he now occupies.

of the uninstructed blind, we seem to regard them as If we take a view of the utterly destitute condition separated from their fellow beings, and put aside to "wait the great teacher death."

But when such a power, as that possessed by Mr. of truth and reason, they start at once into consequence Friedlander, pours upon their mental eyeballs the light and into enjoyment; they feel the connecting link that makes a part of active life, and they understand the design of their Creator, and the arts and enjoyments of society. We earnestly beseech those of our fellow citizens who feel that they can aid the prospects of this important seminary, to visit Mr. Friedlander, become acquainted with his labors, and then assist in bestowing the blessings of learning and profitable industry upon a class of human beings, who possess all of the best sympathies and feelings of our nature but one, by the loss of a single faculty separated from the duties and enjoy. ments of their kind. Let it not be so in our city, fam ed for its philanthropy. Let not Boston exceed us in the work of goodness. Let us build another monument to the glory of our beloved city, in the form of a school house for the blind; and let the blessings of education reach them, as it has done their fellow sufferers the deaf and dumb.

tion of the advancement of his pupils; and we trust that Mr. Friedlander, will shortly make a public exhibithe event will prove most fortunate for the blind.

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99 100

Geo. Binder Tho. M. Rush

Lewis Pelouze Conrad Hester W. Neal

Totals. John G. Kline, sr.
John Wortstall

Wm. D. Hazlet Danl. Reiff


George F. Freed Thos. Bedford, jr.

David Ginther

G. H. Dennenhower

Joseph Lake
Hugh Scott

First Ward.

Saml. Stevenson
John M. Cannon.

254 Samuel Gilbert
242 Jesse Gilliams
Second Ward.

Jacob Stearly Jacob Rudy

Fourth Ward. 154


Thos. Barrett

Isaac Shubert

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123 73

Jas. Wood Jas. Rihl

Thos. Vaughn Wm. Graves

Third Ward.

197 William Bruner 198 John M. Brown Fourth Ward.

154 Jeremiah Walton 150 Ezekiel Childs Fifth Ward. 316 John Horn 317 C. J. Wolbert Sixth Ward.

311 Donelly 313 Weaver Seventh Ward. 223 222


Ind. Democrats.





George Hass Henry Walton

94 James Freshmuth 182 James Mitchell


39 56







Dickson Rohrman



John L.. Ferguson Cornelius Tiers David Coombs Daniel Green


John J. Krider
Jeremiah Flickwir
John Dubois, sr.
John Floyd, jr.



Israel Young, and Gowen A. Brown, Esqrs. are elected Assessors by the democrats with corresponding majorities over their opponents, Thomas K. Teese, and Thos. Ash.


James Eneu Francis M'Bride

No oppposition

205 205

John Bakeoven Jacob Andress

175 166











141 123

96 81

CULTURE OF SILK.-We had presented to us a few days since, a skein of superior sewing silk, manufactured by Mr. Ira Glazier, of McKean township, in this county, from cocoons of his own raising. It was equal in strengh and texture to any of the imported. We are informed that this is the first experiment of the kind made in this county; and are happy to learn that it has been attended with such success, as to warrant Mr. G. in devoting increasing attention to the business. We understand that from his experiment and estimates, it would be the most profitable business to which a man of a family with a very small lot of ground could turn his attention. From this and the experiments that have been made in other places, we are satisfied, that this country can very easily be rendered independent of any foreign nations, for the article of silks; and more particularly sewing silk.-Erie Observer.

BEAVER MEADOW RAIL ROAD.-It is with much pleasure that we have to announce to the public, that our 46 enterprising neighbors (the Beaver Meadow Company) 46 have concluded to extend their rail road down the val

ley of the Lehigh to Allentown, so as to form a connex ion with the rail road contemplated to extend from Allentown to Philadelphia, via the Perkioming and Schuylkill. This road will form an additional outlet for the immense anthracite treasures of the Lehigh region, and as it will run parallel with the Lehigh canal for nearly 40 miles, it will afford an opportunity of fairly testing the comparative advantages of canals and rail roads for transportation, &c.-Mauch Chunk Courier.

READING, Pa. Sept. 28.

LARGE BALL.-The ball for the spire of the new steeple of the Lutheran Church of this borough completely covered with gilding was seen and admired yesterday by a number of our citizens previously to its elevation to its lofty resting place. When mounted on its spire, it will seem perhaps no larger than a punch bowl though actually exceeding three feet in diameter, and capable, if hollowed out, of containing above a hundred gallons wine measure. Its workmanship does credit to the turner and the gilder who prepared it.-Berks County and Schuylkill Journal.

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DEPARTMENT OF War, April 2, 1833., TO CHARLES LESLIE, Esq. London:


Sir, I do myself the pleasure to forward to you accompanying commission, and to ask your acceptance of it, not on your own account, but for the sake of the institution, where its duties are to be performed.

The high professional character you have so justly attained, has directed 'he attention of the President to you, and I am sure his choice will meet the approbation of his countrymen. Your successful devotion to one of the most important of the liberal arts, while it has secured fame to yourself, has conferred honor upon your country. And I am happy in being able to offer to you this testimonial of the estimation in which you are held. Very respectfully, sir,


Your obedient servant.
LONDON, May 16, 1833.

will prepare myself to make every exertion to fulfil the duties of the situation to the best of my abilities.

To yourself, I feel much indebted for the very kind and complimentary expressions accompanying the communication, and I am, sir, most respectfully, Your obedient servant,'




Secretary of War, Washington. Sir, I had the honor to receive your letter of April 2d, accompanying an appointment to the office of Teacher of Drawing at the Military Academy.

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I beg you, sir, to offer the President my sincere thanks for this mark of his approbation and confidence; and say for me, that I receive it as a great honor, anding that period.

60,072 57,140






BEAR. We understand that a large Bear was seen between Middleport and Port Carbon, a few days since. hitherto without success. Several persons have been in pursuit of the animal, but

READING Pa. September 3, 1833. FROST IN AUGUST.-On Friday morning last, a pretty severe frost was to be seen in this quarter. Its effect upon vegetation, however, is not very perceptible.

CURIOSITY. A bunch of stalks of wheat, amounting to sixty in number, firmly united at the roots, and bearing every indication of having sprung from one grain or kernel, was left at our office yesterday. The stalks are said to have been nearly seven feet high, and the heads which grew upon them were well filled, and of a good size. This singular production was raised on the farm of Mr. Emory, in Woodcock township, Crawford county, Pennsylvania.-Meadville Courier.

*By a break in the Pennsylvania canal, near New Hope, the operations of this Company were retarded two months. Had the canal been in navigable order, 30,000 tons of coal would have been brought down dur




VOL. XII.-NO. 15. PHILADELPHIA, OCTOBER 12, 1833. NO. 302.

A Discourse on the Early History of Pennsylvania; be.
ing an annual oration delivered before the American
Philosophical Society, held at Philadelphia, for pro-
moting useful knowledge; pursuant to their appoint-
ment, in the Hall of the University of Pennsylvania,
on Wednesday, the 6th of June, 1821-By Peter S.
Du Ponceau, LL. D., one of the Vice Presidents of
the Society.
Mr. President-Gentlemen:

thentic sources, and his authorities are regularly quot.
ed. It contains few errors, and those but trifling, and
such as may be amended in a translation. This work is
uninteresting details, or swelled with unnecessary notes.
not encumbered with tedious documents, crowded with
The author displays great discernment in his selection
of facts, and impartiality in his delineation of charac-
ters, and does not appear to have been swayed by any
feelings but those which become an historian.

Your Historical Committee were early sensible of the value of this book, and, at their recommendation, a learned member of this society undertook its translation, which is now ready for the press. It is to be hoped that it will soon be published, and that its sale will amply reward the publisher. Its size and its merit peculiarly recommended it to be used as a school book throughout this extensive state.

Still Pennsylvania wants an historian. The book I have just noticed† will always be valuable as an abridgment of our history; it will also be an excellent guide to him who will undertake to write it on a large scale, and save him much laborious research, by pointing out the sources from whence he is to derive his information on each particular event. I do not hesitate to say that it will shorten his labour by more than one half; for he will no where else be able to obtain the very important aid which this book will afford him. It will, in a short compass,give him a complete view of his whole ground, enable him to measure each period of time, and each event in the scale of relative importance; in short, he will have a sketch of his work ready prepared to his hand, with the subdivisions exhibited in their various proportions; such, at least, as the author conceived them to be. Those who have ever attempted the labour of historical composition will well understand the value of such helps as these.

Six years have elapsed since a committee was instituted in the bosom of this Society, whose labours were principally directed to the object of making researches into the history and antiquities of America, but more particularly of our own state. This committee have not been remiss in their exertions; with the aid of several of their zealous and patriotic fellow citizens, (whose names and services have been gratefully recorded) they have succeeded in collecting ample and precious materials, which only wait for the hand of the artist to work them into shape. It was hoped that the impulse thus given would have been caught by some able writer, who, availing himself of these rich stores, would have combined the scattered facts into a faithful and elegant narrative. But our expectations have hitherto been deceived, and Pennsylvania still wants an historian.


The crude and imperfect annals collected by Robert Proud, although they bear the title of "History of Pennsylvania, are generally acknowledged to be undeserving of that name. As a chronicle of the earlier times of our commonwealth, this book is valuable, as well as for the numerous documents with which it is interspersed. It comes down, as a narrative, no later than the end of governor Thomas's administration, in 1747; beyond that period we find only a few dates of some of the most remarkable events; from which we must conclude that the author became tired of his task, or, perhaps, that he undertook it at too advanced a period of his life, and was prevailed upon by his friends to publish it in its unfinished state. For Robert Proud is well known to have been a man of strong natural powers, and not deficient in acquired knowledge; but the monument which he has left behind him does not entitle him to the fame of an historian. As a man, he was good and benevolent; he was a lover of virtue, and his work breathes throughout those sentiments of stern morality and mild philanthropy, which characterized our early settlers, and are still to be remarked in their descendants.

As you have shewn me so much indulgence as not to restrict me in the choice of the subject of this anniver sary discourse, you will not wonder that, as a member of your Historical Committee, zealously devoted to the objects of its institution, I have chosen the topic which is nearest to my heart. If I had but talents equal to my zeal, neither my advanced age nor the weight of professional avocations should stand in the way of my am. bition to become the historian of this great and important state; but I need not regret my deficiency, while there are others so eminently qualified for the task, and to whom the country looks for its execution. I shall have attained the object of my wishes if my weak ef forts shall stimulate some one among those men of highly gifted minds to this honourable undertaking.

A work of much higher pretensions, however, claims our attention. When I said that Pennsylvania still Let it not be imagined that the annals of Pennsylvawanted an historian, I was far from intending to depre- nia are not sufficiently interesting to call forth the taciate the labours of our former associate, professor Ebe-lents of an eloquent historian. It is true that they exhibit ling, of Hamburg, whose valuable history deserves to none of those striking events which the vulgar mass of be better known to our fellow citizens. In the small mankind consider as alone worthy of being transmitted space of one duodecimo volume, he has condensed the to posterity. No ambitious rival warriors occupy the whole history of this state from its first settlement to stage, nor are strong emotions excited by the frequent the year 1802. His narrative is well connected through. out, drawn up in plain and unaffected language, and without pretensions to literary ornament; yet his style pleases from that very simplicity. It is close and methodical, and particularly distinguished by great perspicuity. His facts have been obtained from the most au



* John Eberle, M. D. of this city.

This History of Pennsylvania is the sixth volume of a larger work of the author, entitled "Geography and History of America," of which a particular account will be given in a note at the end of this discourse.

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