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require, present to Councils detailed estimates of the ry cells? By what authority are prisoners so confined? sums of money required for the performance of the du. Are they employed while in these cells, and at what ties assigned them, in order that all necessary and pro. work? per appropriations may be made; but that such Trus- 3. How is the Prison warmed and ventilated? tees shall not enter into any contract or engagement 4. What means are used to classify the prisoners? Is whatsoever, unless expressly authorized to make the all communication between the sexes prevented! Are same, or unless a regular appropriation has been made the untried prisoners separated from the convicts and for that object.

vagrants? Do the debtors ever associate with the untried Section 12. And be it further ordained and enacted prisoners or convicts? by the authority aforesaid, That the power of appoint. 5. How are the convicts fed and clothed? What is ing and removing all officers, Professors, Tutors, and the ration allowed each convict? What provision is Agents, necessary for the government and instruction made by the County for the support of the untried pri. of the Girard College, and of admitting and dismissing soners and vagrants? Do they receive any provisions scholars, subject to all the provisions of the will of Ste: and clothing from their friends? phen Girard relating thereto, shall be rested in the said 6. Are any ardent spirits allowed to the prisoners? Board of Trustees and in their successors for ever. 7. In case of sickness, how are the prisoners taken

Section 13. And be it further ordained and enacted care of? Is there a physician employed by the County? by the authority aforesaid, Tbat ten of the said Trus- 8. What kind of bedding is furnished to the prisotees shall be a quorum for the transaction of business, ners? who, in the absence of the President, shall appoint a 9. What is the average number of prisoners in jail President pro tempore.

during the year? Enacted into an Ordinance, January 31st, 1833. 10. What has been the annual number of commit

ments for the last ten years, and what the offences for

that period? PRISON DISCIPLINE.

11. What are the annual expenses of your Prison The annexed circular and queries lately issued by 12. What effect has been produced by imprisonment the Philadelphia Society for alleviating the miseries in your Jail, on the morals and health of the prisoners?

13. Is it contemplated to erect a new Jail in your of public prisoners are recommended to the attention of

County, or to alter the present one? those who can furnish the desired information. To the

14. Is any religious or other instruction given to the zeal and industry of this Society the state is already prisoners, and to what extent? largely indebted for many improvements in our penal

15. Are the prisoners employed? system, and it is with a view to collect facts, tending to the last ten years! State the number, and means by

16. Have there been any escapes from your Jail for point out further defects, and suggest future remedies, which they have been effected. that these queries are now addressed to gentlemen 17. What punishments are inficted on the prisoners throughout the state.

for misbebaviour? What proportion of prisoners has been re-committed to prison after their discharge?

Any other information you may be pleased to come Office of the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the municate, will be thankfully received.

Miseries of Public Prisons.
No. 119, WALNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA, SEPTEM-
BER 16, 1833.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LUNATIC ASYLUM. SIR

The Philadelpbia Society for Alleviating the Miseries Sixteenth Annual Report on the state of the asylum for of Public Prisons, feel a deep solicitude to obtain ac

the relief of persons deprived of the use of their reacurate information in relation to the state of the County Jails throughout this Commonwealth, and have direct- The Managers of the Asylum submit to the contribued the undersigned to request you to aid them in ob.tors the following detailed account of the state of the taining their object.

Institution, and of their proceedings since their last re. The undersigned, therefore, take the liberty of port. transmitting to you the enclosed questions, and will feel During the past year 32 patients have been admitted particularly obliged if you will give them the desired into the Asylum; and the number under care at the information, as regards the Jail of your County, at as commencement of the year was 46. Twenty-six paearly a period as will suit your convenience.

tients have been discharged during the year; ten have Yours,

died; and there remain in the house 42 patients. of Very respectfully,

those who have been discharged 15 were restored; 3 JAMES J. BARCLAY,

much improved; 3 improved; and 5 without improveBARTHOLOMEW WISTER, ment. Of those who remain in the house, 7 are restored; Secretaries and Committee of

5 are much improved; 5 are improved; and of the re Correspondence of the P. P. S. maining 25, in whom there is little or no improvement,

21 are old and apparently incurable cases, ‘of the ten

cases of death which occurred, 2 were of extreme old 1. When was your County Jail erected? What are age, and one was that of a patient brought to the Asy. its dimensions, and the number and size of the rooms? lum in a state of extreme exhaustion. of what materials is it constructed,and what did it cost? From the 'Treasurer's report, it appears that the baHow many of the rooms are appropriated to the use of lance in his hands on the 1st instant, was 389 dollars 6 the prisoners? Is there any dungeon, and if so, is it cents. The sum which has accrued for the board of now used, or how long since it has been used? How patients is 6394 dollars 62 cents; the sum of 1433 dolmany yards are there, and how often do the prisoners lars has been received in contributions and donations. take exercise in them?

The whole amount expended for all purposes, has been 2. Are there any solitary cells, and are they so plac-10,650 dollars 96 cents, exclusive of 1030 dollars due ed as that prisoners can hold any communication with and unpaid. each other, while so confined? 'State the number and dimensions of the cells, and the mode of warming, ven- ten feet high, around the patients' yards, in pursuance

The managers have erected a substantial stone wall tilating, and lighting them. What is the longest, and of the authority granted to them by the contributors. what the usual time of confining prisoners in the solita. The cost of this improvement has been 3262 dollars 30

son.

QUESTIONS.

1833.]

SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LUNATIC ASYLUM.

237

16

36

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Over 5 years,

cents. It has also been found necessary to erect addi- of the thirty-two patients received during the pre-
tional furnaces for warming the wings by heated air, to sent year, there were,
remove the old furnaces, the construction of which ren.

4
10

2 -32 dered them dangerous, and nearly useless-and to replace them by others differently constructed. The new 22

5
15

-78 warming apparatus has been found fully to answer its intention, and to keep the day rooms, and the chambers of the first class, and passages of the wings and end buildings entirely Under six months, There have been restored, 14 comfortable in the coldest weather of the past season.

Much improved,

3 About one thousand dollars has been expended in

Improved,

1 these alterations,

Without improvement, 1 The managers have been obliged to borrow two thou

Died,

3 sand six hundred dollars, to enable them to meet these

-22 and other expenses; thereby increasing the debt of the of the second class, contributors to 12,100 dollars.

Over 6 months and under 1 year, In our last report, it was stated that Dr. Edward

There have been restored, 2 Taylor and his wife had given notice to the managers of

Much improved,

1 their intention to leave the Asylum, and that John C.

Improved,

1 and Lætitia Redmond, had been chosen to succeed them.

Died,

1 Dr. Taylor resigned his charge to his successor early in' the third month last, and remained a few days at the of the third class,

Over 1 and under 5 years,
Asylum, in order to introduce the new Superintendent,
On the 15th of that month his valuable wife was seized

There have been restored, 2 with paralysis in getting out of the carriage. after hav

Much improved,

3 ing attended the meeting at Frankford, and died on the

Improved,

1 Without improvement,

5 23d of the same month. Her duties as matron of the

Died,

4 Asylum had been arduous, and she had fulfilled them in

-15 manner highly acceptable to the managers. Her death, at the time when she was preparing to enjoy the of the fourth class,

There have been restored, 4 leisure of a private home, is an affecting and instructive

2 example of the uncertainty of earthly expectations.

Much improved, The change in the Medical department alluded to in

Improved,

4

24 our last report, was soon afterwards completed, by the

Without improvement,
Died,

2 appointment of Dr. Thomas S. Kirkbride, as House Physician. The manner in which this part of the In

-36 stitution has been conducted, is satisfactory to the mana

Total,

-78 gers; and we subjoin from the Annual Report of the "In this statement are included several cases of re. Physicians, the following paragraphs, as containing in. lapse, the subjects of which have been for a long time teresting and useful information.

liable to periodical attacks of mania; they are here con“During the last year, thirty-two patients have been sidered as "recent;” as they have been promptly rereceived into the Asylum; these, with the forty-six re. lieved by treatment. maining at the last annual report, make seventy-eight

“Two of the cases of the first class, marked as "much patients, resident in the Institution during the year end improved,” are convalescent, but sufficient time has not ing 3rd Mo. 9, 1833. In noticing the results of the elapsed for their entire restoration. treatment of these patients, our statement will be ren. “of the six cases reported last year, as restored and dered more clear, by classifying them according to the remaining in the house, four were subject to periodical duration of the disease; a point on which its curability attacks of mania; three of whom have received medical mainly depends.

treatment during the present year, rendered necessary "The first class includes those who have been effect. I by the recurrence of their disease. ed six months or under; the second, those whose disease where a judicious system of medical treatment is stea:

“In concluding this report, we will observe, that has lasted more than six months, and less than one year; dily pursued, in such an institution as the Asylum, it the third class comprehends those, whose disorder has existed more than one year, and less than five; and the exerts a strong influence on other departments, which fourth class includes affections of more than five years,

would not at first sight be obvious. The main object standing. We think it will be obvious from the state being the welfare and comfort of the patients; all other

this. d course ment, that in the treatment of insanity, as in every other considerations are made to give place disease, success is correspondent to the promptness with of moral treatment, is almost a necessary consequence which the means of cure are administered: when of a proper sense of the value of medical remedies. promptly attended to, and the patient placed in a situa. They in fact are parts of the same system. After what tion where he is under a proper system of management, are called medical means have been successfully resorta favorable result may generally be anticipated; but if ed to, to remove obvious physical disease, moral treat. this is neglected, and the malady becomes chronic,

few ment will then be found very efficient in restoring and are more difficult of cure. It is of the greatest import- strengthening the functions of the diseased organ. And ance, then, that those interested for persons suffering

we believe it is only by thus uniting them, that full beunder this disease, who are entitled to admission into nefit can be derived from either.” the Asylum, should place them there at as early a pe

ROBERT MORTON, riod of the attack as practicable, in order that they may

CHARLES EVANS. reap the full benefit of those advantages, which an in

Philadelphia, 3d Mo. 9, 1833. stitution exclusively devoted to the relief of such cases, An unavoidable consequence of this change in the must necessarily possess over every domestic arrange medical department, has been a considerable increase of ment.

Of the forty-six patients remaining at the last expenditure. And althouglı we believe the Asylum,as. annual report, there were

a Hospital for the insane, has never been in a more sa1st class. 2d class. 3d class, 4th class.

tisfactory and encouraging condition, we view the state of its finances with much solicitude.

The receipts from the Board of Patients are insuffi. 6 1 5

34 46 cient to defray the current expenses; which cannot be

OF THE ADMISSION OF PATIENTS.

materially curtailed, without essentially injuring the ef- In the hands of the Treasurer, 593 78 ficiency of the Institution.

do. Superintendent, 500 00 This deficiency, there is ground to fear, will increase:

$2614 25 and we earnestly solicit the friends of the institution, to

Board of Patients. make a strenuous effort to obtain subscriptions for the Chargeable this year,

6355 59 relief of its funds.

Damages done by patients,

39 03 The contributors at their last meeting, appointed a

Ground Rents. committee to obtain donations and contributions; and it Two year's due 1st mo. 1st, 1833,

88 80 was agreed, that all the Agents of the Monthly Meetings

Louns this year. should be members of that Committee. They are there. At five and a half per cent. per annum, 2600 00 fore earnestly requested to exert themselves on behalf

Contributions, Life Subscriptions. of the Asylum. "We hope, that an Institution which Members of Philadelphia Mo. Meethas long been a favorite object with Friends, which has ing,

100 00 so well answered the purpose in view, and which is yet do. Northern District, 275 00 so heavily burdened, will not be allowed to sink be. do. Southern do.

75 00 neath a weight of debt; but that by timely exertion

do. Western do.

175 00 throughout the Yearly Meeting, a sum may be raised,

do. Abington do,

25 00 which shall place the Institution on a safe and prosperous

650 00 basis.

Donations.

From Members of Philadelphia Mo.
RECAPITULATION.

Meeting,

135 00

do. Northern District, 361 00 Patients in the House 3d month, 1832, 46

do. Southern do.

45 00
Received since,

32
do. Western do.

197 00

do. Abington Mo. Meeting, 30 00
Making

78
From a friend at Baltimore,

15 00
Of whom there have been discharg-

783 00 ed or died, 36

$13,130 67 Leaving at present in the Asylum, 42 OF THOSE DISCHARGED, THERE WERE,

Amount of debt on which interest is payable is 12,100

dollars. Restored,

15 Much improved,

3 Improved,

3

Extract from the Rules for the Management of the
Died,
10

Asylum."
As admitted,

5
-36

When application for the aclmission of a patient is OF THOSE AT PRESENT IN THE HOUSE, THERE ARE,

made, a certificate, obtained, when practicable, from a Restored,

7

physician in the neighborhood, ought to be submitted Much improved, 5

to the visiting managers, giving a statement of the Improved,

5

cause according to the form, and in reply to the queries Stationary, 25

subjoined. -42

I do hereby certify, from my own knowledge that of

aged

years, is in a state The Account of the Contributors to the Asylum &c from vided for the relief of persons of that description.

of insanity, and proper to be

received into a house pro3d month 1, 1832, to 3d month 1st, 1833, inclusive.

I further certify, that the answers annexed to the folEXPENDITURES.

lowing queries are correct, as far as I can judge.

1. How long has the patient been afflicted with inAsylum Buildings and Yards, 2

Answer. Salaries and Wages,

1965 18

2. What medical, or other means have been used? Farm and Family Expenses,

3563 96

Answer. Medical department

3. Has the patient shown any disposition to injure Physician's Salary, $200 00

him or herself or any other person? Supplies,

154 05

Answer.

354 05 4. Does any other complaint exist? Furniture,

119 25 Answer. Incidental Expenses,

94 10 } Order for $10 unpaid,

5. What other circumstances have occurred tending to throw light on the subject?

Answer, 100 dollars unpaid,}

472 25
1833.

M, D.
Balance, viz:
Due from sureties of patients, 1590 65

Previous to the admission of such patient, an examiIn hands of the Treasurer,

nation shall be made of the case, by the attending or

389 06 do. Superintendent, 500 00

one of the consulting physicians, and his certificate ob2479 71

tained that such person has been examined by him, is

found to be deprived of the use of bis or her reason, and $13,130 67

may, with propriety be admitted as a patient into the

Asylum:" and the following bond shall be signed by Average number of patients in the Asylum, since last two persons, as sureties, (one of whom must reside in or

near Philadelphia,) for the regular payment of such report, 45 2-3 as per monthly enumeration.

board as may be agreed upon by the visiting managers. RECEIPTS.

Application is hereby made for the admission of

as a patient into the Asylum Balance last year.

for the relief of persons deprived of the use of their Due from sureties of patients, $1520 47

reason; upon whose admission, we severally engage to

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$4082 17 sanity?

1833.]

ELECTION RETURNS.

239

use

COMMON COUNCIL. provide a sufficiency of suitable clothing for whilst there; to pay to

Superintendent of

Thomas Lancaster, 4530 Isaac Wainwright, 4369 said Institution, or to his assigns or successors in office

Henry Troth, 4528

Evan Rogers,

4367 dollars cents, per week, for board;

William Montelius, 4526

Lewis Ryan,

4359 (not less than four weeks board to be paid for, notwith: James Hutchinson, 4511 standing may not remain so long in the Asylum;) John S. Warner,

George W. Tryon, 4349

4509 James Andrews, 4332 to make compensation for all damages done by to

Charles H. White, 4507 James Fearon, 4331 the glass, bedding, or furniture, and to cause to be

Robert Toland, 4500 William Geisse, 4322 removed when discharged; and in the event of death

Peter Wright, 4496 Lewis Taylor, 4320 whilst there, to pay the expenses of burial.

John Gilder,
4490 John Bell,

4318 Witness our hands and seal, this day of A.D. 18

Thomas Firth, 4481 Silas W. Sexton, 4315 Witness,

(L.S.)

Dr. R. M. Huston, 4479 John Troubat, 4312 (L.S) Dr. George S. Schott, 4470 John Horn,

4310

4465 William Camm, 4301 If persons becoming sureties shall so prefer, the visit- John Darragh,

4463 John M. Hood, 4300 ing managers may except in lieu of compensation for Robert M'Mullin, damages done by patients to the glass, bedding, or fur. Benjamin H.Yarnall, 4454 Michael Baker,

4290

4452 niture, a small additional charge to the board agreed Joseph B. Smith,

John Crean, Jr. 4285 John Byerly,

4450 S. J. Henderson, 4285 upon.

4450 In case persons at a distance are desirous of having Enoch Roberts,

Joseph Winters, 4269

William Kirk, 4446 any information respecting the admission of a patient,

Peter Fritz,

4250

4234 their letters may be addressed to any of the managers, Joseph R.Chandler, 4438 John T. Sullivan, or to the Superintendent.

The average Majority of the Common Council ticket is 126,

OF VISITERS TO THE ASYLUM.

ANNUITIES.

CITY AND COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA. When near relations or particular friends of patients desire to be admitted to see their connexions, applica

COUNTY COMMISSIONER. tion must be made to the Superintendent; or, in his ab.

City County. Total. sence, to the attending physician, who may allow such

William Ruff,

4256 6828 10084 visits when circumstances will admit.

Jacob Gardner,

4471
4898

9369 As the general admission of visiters would be impro. per and injurious to the patient; no persons, except as

AUDITOR. above, shall be admitted to the apartments occupied by patients, unless introduced by a manager; but, on ap

City. County. Total. plication to the Superintendent, they may be shown Joseph Moore,

4187 6538 10725 such parts of the building and appendages as are not Wm.J. Bedlock, 4500 4681 9181 so occupied.

COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA.

SENATE. A mode of obtaining contributions by annuities, not George N. Baker, 6717 James Hanna, 4892 much known among us, but familiar to Friends in Eng Joshua Johnson, 135 land, has been agreed on by the Contributors. On pay. ing any sum of money to the Treasurer, for the use of

ASSEMBLY, the Institution, interest of six per cent. thereon, is annually to be paid to the annuitant; at whose decease, Benjamin Matthias, 4946 Francis J. Harper, 6682 the interest money ceases, and the principal remains the John Thompson, p. 4943 Thomas J. Heston, 6674 property of the Asylum. This mode will probably be J. H. Gibbon, 4855 Lemuel Paynter,

6668 convenient to many who are desirous of promoting the Wm. Fitler, 4842 W. H. Stokes, 6637 designs of the Institution, and yet do not prefer making John Wister, jr. 4836 John Rheiner, Jr. 6628 any considerable donation during their life time, T. M. Hubbell, 4836 Peter Rambo, 6596

Joseph Trasel, 4819 Thomas Guirey, 6576

Joseph Plankinton, 4706 James Goodman,
From the daily papers.

6532 Isaac Bedford, 204 Edward Vansant,

203 THE GENERAL ELECTION.

Levis Passmore,

57 Thomas Earle, 151 Jonathan Thomas, 57

Cornelias Dungan,

148 CITY OF PHILADELPHIA. Samuel M, Lynn, 54 John Rambo,

147 [Official Returns. ]

John Redinger, 51 William Lancaster, 144 ASSEMBLY.

Charles Springer, 143 National Republicans and

James Gregory,

142 Democrats. Independent Democrals. Abraham Miller,

4602 Joseph H. Newbold, 4333 FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT, Joseph T. Mather, 4555 Thomas S. Smith, 4278

CONGRESS. Wm. H. Keating, 4539 Col. S. B. Davis, 4272

Sutherland, Sergeant, Martin. Total. John Wiegand, 4508 Charles J.Ingersoll, 4263 Davis B. Stacey, 4505 Wm. J. Leiper,

4252 Southwark,

1203 908 49 2160 William Stewart,

4249 Moyamensing, 520 182 Chau’y P. Holcomb, 4482

6 708 Wm. White, Jr.

111
4463
4213 Passyunk,

74
Henry Simpson,

185 152 175

327 The average Majority of the Assembly' ticket is 256. Blockley,

Kingsessing,

84
52

2 138 Penn Township, 156

74

230 SELECT COUNCIL.

Germantown,
395 354

749 Joshua Lippincott, [on both tickets,] 8699.

Roxborough,
137 204

1 342 Richard Price, 4538 Wm. E. Lehman, 4343 Bristol,

77 116

193 Wm. M. Meredith, 4501 John Moss,

4324 WashingtonJackson, 4483 Henry G. Freeman, 4258

2835 2139 58 5032 The average Majority of the Select Council ticket is 199.

Majority for Dr. Sutherland, 696.

NORTHERN LIBERTIES.

is so constructed, that the driver, by the mere pulling COMMISSIONERS.

of a small lever, can lock the wheels of the carriage, on

descending a hill, or if the horses attempt to run away. P. A. Keyser

1505
Thomas Goldsmith, 1930

To the end of this lever can be fastened a string reach-
C. W. Bacon, 1435 William Hall, 1768
Michael Andress,

ing the inside of the stage, which can be pulled by inside 1463 Edward Wartman, 1807

and the wheels will be locked instantly, in Enoch Middleton, 1482

passengers, Charles Pray,

1793

case the driver should be thrown from his seat. The Daniel Clark,

1451 George Ireland, 1892 Daniel Jeffries, 1454 F, Stelwaggon,

1839 apparatus is simple in construction, costing less than Joseph Loughead, 1435 George Thorn,

$15, and is not liable to get out of order.

1840 Thomas Weaver, 1522 G. Townsend,

The largest stage load can be managed by two horses

1801 Henry Bellerjeau, 1431 John Maguire, 1807

in descending the steepest hill with ease; the resistance of the lock being in exact proportion to the pressure of

the load. We feel confident, that the enterprising inThe information respecting the County Election was derived from the American Sentinel.

ventor, has not only conferred upon the public, a bene.

fit, but that the right will be valuable. Messrs. Colder SPRING GARDEN.

and Wilson are procuring these locks to be put on all

their stages, and it cannot be long before they will be COMMISSIONERS- Official.

on all the thousands of stages, that run in every section of this extensive country. Security is of great importance in travelling in stages. He, therefore, that in.

vents any thing, to facilitate intercourse among men, Democrats.

and afford security to that intercourse, is a public bene factor.—Pennsylvania Intelligencer,

1st Ward,

2d Ward.

3d Ward,

4th Ward,

Total.

84

Daniel Smith

625 379 213 375 1592 STEAM ON THE CANAL.-We understand the ChesaJoseph O. Pollard 324 236 129 190 879 | peake and Delaware Canal Company, have made sunWm. B. Hunt 324 237 129 190

880 dry experiments with steam on their canal, which have John Tierny

311 233 129 184 857 proved highly satisfactory. The Boat made use of is Joseph Johns 321 236 129 195

881 88} feet long on deck, 10 feet beam, and draws twelve Independent Dem.

inches of water besides a very small keel. Her paddle William Warner 313 129 84 192 718 wheels are on the sides of the boat, they are 4 feet on Wm. Ritter

305

124 83 186 698 the fan, and 8 feet 2 inches in diameter, the paddles are John W. Wynkoop 303 124

185 696 | 8 inches deep. The boiler is 6 feet long by 3 feet in Joseph West 303 120 84 184 691 diameter, it is round and filled with tubes, the cylinder

is 8} inches in diameter, with a stroke of piston of 21 CANAL TOLLS.—The tolls received at the collector's feet. When running at a speed of 8 miles an hour she office in this place during the present year were as fol- consumes 314 pounds of pine wood in one hour, and lows:

at this speed the wash on the canal banks is only about 1st quarter

$ 952 00 one-third of that made by the passenger barges when 2d do

5229 89 running at the same speed. 3d do

4000 00

From several experiments made with this boat, we

learn that she answers remarkably well for towing ves.

$10191 89 sels loaded with merchandize or produce and it is proDuring the sume period last year the whole amount of bable that after this season, steam power will entirely tolls received was $3,687 97 making a difference in supercede the use of horses on this canal.-U. S. Goz. favor of the present year of $6,503 92.- Blairsville Rec.

THE REGISTER. CANAL TRANSPORTATION.- .-A lot of goods was re

PHILADELPHIA, OCT. 12, 1833. ceived at this place, last week, by the “Boatman's Line," in only eight days from Philadelphia. This is the quickest passage that has been made even by canal In the present number will be found an interesting boats. Formerly goods could not be delivered here discourse delivered by Mr. Duponceau in 1821, before from the city, by wagons, in less than eighteen or twenty the American Philosophical Society on the early settledays. Here then is one of the advantages of our improvement system; but there is another; goods are not ment of this state. Since its delivery, a history of the only brought quicker, but cheaper. The cost of car state has been published by Thomas F. Gordon, Esq. riage by wagons from $2 50 to $3 25 per hundred; now and also a Gazetteer of the state by the same author, by the canal boats it is only $1 25 per hundred. This is an advantage which will be felt, more or less, by every and several of the documents referred to, will be found individual in the community; for as the first cost of in our preceding volumes. store goods becomes reduced, competition will natural. ly cheapen their price to the consumer. Other advantages could be enumerated, but these are sufficient to this city. The result as far as ascertained will be found

On Tuesday last the general election took place in show how blindly the opposers of the canal system are acting. They are labouring to injure their own inter- in this number taken from the daily papers, which we est as well as that of the public generally. Ib.

presume is sufficiently accurate for general purposes. USEFUL INVENTION.-During the past week, we

The polls were opened at 8 o'clock, which is earlier visited in company with several gentlemen of Harrisburg, than usual. There was a considerable excitement, and the coach factory of Mr. Ebenezer Miltimore, for the the windows were very early crowded. With the expurpose of seeing an operation of a new apparatus inception of some disturbances, at the window for North vented by him for locking the wheels of a coach, with: Mulberry Ward at which the interference of the police out stopping the stage or leaving the driver's seat. was pronounced by all present a highly valuable im- became several times necessary, the election was conprovement, and such a one as has long been wanted. It | ducted in a peaceable manner.

It

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