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1933.)

RECEPTION OF GENERAL WASHINGTON, 1789.

251

scene.

RECEPTION OF GENERAL WASHINGTON, 1789. caught the eye, and filled the spectator's soul with ad.

miration and delight. Upon looking over a file of the Pennsylvania Packet “But who can describe the heartfelt gratulations of and Daily Advertiser, for April 1789, we met with the more than twenty thousand free citizens, who lined following articles relating to the reception of General every fence, field and avenue between the bridge and Washington in this city, who was then on his way to blooming virgin, and the ruddy youth, were all emulous

the city. The aged sire, the venerable matron, the New York, to take upon himself the office of President in their plaudits-nay, the lisping infant did not withof the United States. As a reminiscence of old times, hold its innocent smile of praise and approbation. and an expression of the sentiments and feelings of the

“In short, all classes and descriptions of citizens dispublic towards that great man, as well as exhibiting the undisguised attachment and unbounded zeal for their

covered (and they felt what they discovered) the most style in which such honors were then paid-it will we dear Chief, and I may add, under God, the Saviour of have no doubt prove interesting to our readers, and revive their country. Not all the pomp of majesty, not even in many of them recollections of scenes in which probadour and magnificence, could equal this interesting

Imperial dignity itself, surrounded with its usual splen-' bly they participated.

“On approaching near the city, our illustrious Chief Extract of a letter from a gentleman in this city to his was highly gratif with a further military display of

friend in the country, dated the 22d inst. infantry, commanded by Capt. James Rees, and artil“My dear Nephew,

iery, commanded by Capt. Jeremiah Fisher, two active "I know you are anxious to hear the particulars of and able officers; and here I must not omit to give due Our late procession on the arrival of the President Gen. praise to that worthy veteran Major Fullerton, for his eral. Being myself one of the Dramalis persona, 1 shall zeal, activity, and good conduct on this occasion. give you a short detail of it, as well as my memory will of freemen, whose hearts burned with patriotic fire,

“These corps joined in the procession, and thousands serve.

also fell into the ranks almost every square we march. On the 19th instant, His Excellency Thomas Mimin, ed, until the column swelled beyond credibility itself; Esq. President of the State, the Honorable Richard and having conducted the man of our hearts to the Peters, Esq. Speaker of our Legislature, and the old City-Tavern, he was introduced to a very grand and city troop of horse, commanded by Captain Miles, pro. plentiful banquet, which was prepared for him by the ceeded as far as the line between this state and that of citizens. The pleasures and festivity of the day being Delaware, under the pleasing expectation of meeting over, they were succeeded by a handsome display of our beloved Washington, President General of the fire-works in the evening. Thus I have given you a faint United States; we were, however disappointed, as he idea of this glorious procession, and of the universal did not arrive at the line till early the next morning, joy which inspired every heart upon this interesting, when we were joined by another troop from the city, this important occasion. commanded by Captain Bingham. After paying him

“I am, Dear Nephew, &c.” the tribute of military honor due to his rank and exalt- The decorations of the Lower Ferry, &c on Monday ed character, by proper salutes and otherwise, we es last, by Messrs. Gray, in honour of the arrival of the ilcorted him into Chester, where we breakfasted, and lustrious President-General, gave the highest satisfacrested perhaps a couple of hours.

tion to all the spectators. “This great and worthy man finding he could not On the top of the new house was elevated a large possibly elude the parade which necessarily must attend Aag, which, by a pre-concerted signal, gave notice to manifestations of joy and affection, when displayed by the troops on the Commons of the arrival of his Excela grateful people, to their patriot benefactor, ordered lency. his carriages into the rear of the whole line, and mount. At the south-west corner of the bridge was placed a ed an elegant horse, accompanied by the venerable white Aag--device a rising sun, more than half above patriot Charles Thompson, Esq. and his former aid de. the horizon-motto, “The rising empire." At the camp, the celebrated Col. Humphries; both of whom north-west corner, opposite the above flag, was one were also on horseback.

with the inscription—"The new æra. On the hill at “On our way to the city, we were joined by detach the south-west corner was an elegant blue flag. Along ments from the Chester und Philadelphia troops of the north side of the bridge were ranged eleven fag, horse, commanded by Captains McDowell and Thomp- inscribed with the names of the eleven members of the son, and also by a number of respectable citizens, at new confederacy-New-Hampshire, Connecticut, Maswhose head was the worthy citizen and soldier, his sachusetts, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, MaExcellency Arthur St. Clair, Esq. Governor of the ryland, Delaware, Virginia, South-Carolina and Georwestern territory. Thus we proceeded to Mr. Gray's gia. The American Aag was hoisted in the centre of bridge, on Schuylkill

; observing the strictest order and the bridge, at the soutlı side. At the south-east corner regularity during the march. But here, my nephew, was erected, upon a very high pole, tiie cap of liberty, such a scene presented itself, as even the pencil of a decorated with eleven stars and stripes; und erneatii, Raphael could not delineate.

blue flag-device, a rattlesnake-motto, "Don't tread The bridge was highly decorated with laurel and on me. At the north-east corner, a white flag disother evergreens, by Mr. Gray himself, the ingenious played emblems of trade and commerce, with the motMr. Peale, and others, and in such a style,as to display iv, “May commerce Aourish." uncomm in taste in these gentlemen. At each end The ferry-boal was moored about the centre of the there were erected magnificent arches, composed of river, near the bridge, and had iwo jacks flying-the laurel, emblematical of the ancient triumphal arches ferry-harge was at firty yards distance, with a jack Ay. used by the Romans, and on each side of the bridge aing, which displayed the American stars. Tiie bridge laurel shrubbery, which seemed to challenge even Na- was neatly lined at each side with laurel, intermixed ture herself for simplicity, ease and elegance. And as with cedar bushes. Ai each end of it was a triumphal our beloved Washisgton passed the bridge, a lad, be:u-arch, entwined with laurel; and a Jaurel wreath was tifully ornamented with sprigs of laurel, assisted by cer- suspended from the centre of the western arch. which tain machinery, let drop, above the Hero's head, unper was lowered by a child, clad in white, on the adjacent ceived by him, a civic crown of laurel. There was also bill, at the approach of his Excellency. a very elegant display of variegated figs on each side When we consider the shortness of the time in which the bridge, as well as other places, which alternately these arrangements were made-the elegance of their appearance-and the expence to which Messrs. Gray liminary enquiry is, whether the character of the river disinterestedly went on the occasion, no man can re is such as to admit of steamboat navigation! And on frain from bestowing on them that tribute of applause this point we believe there is more information in the which they have so well deserved.

Report of the Maryland Commissioners, namely Messrs.

Bland, Winchester and Patterson, made in 1823, than PHILADELPHIA, APRIL 24. any where else.

The Commissioners set out in June, 1823, to N. York, The entertainment given by the citizens of Philadel. Albany, &c. 10 Oswego, on the Susquehanna, where pbia to his Excellency the President of the United they procured an open, flat bottomed boat, in which States, on Monday last, was extremely elegant, and con. they descended the r ver to Harrisburg: We make the ducted with great propriety and decorum. All the following extracts.- Harrisburg Chronicle. clergy and respectable strangers in the city were in. We descended this principal branch, from Owego in vited to it. A band of music played during the whole New York to Harrisburg in Pennsylvania, in the month time of the dinner.

of June last; when the stream was perfectly pellucid, The conduct of his Excellency upon this occasion, and its bottom almost every where distinctly visible. as usual, captivated every heart.

From Owego to Nanticoke falls, eight miles below WilTnesday morning, at ien o'clock, the city troops of kesbarre, there is no dashing on its surface or ripple, light horse paraded, in order to accompany him to its waters glide smoothly along, often quite sluggishly, Trenton; but his Excellency being obliged, on account and sometimes with a rapidly accelerated motion over of the rain, to ride in his carriage, insisted upon declin: a gravelly, stony or rocky bottom; but no where tuming the honour they intended him; “for he could not,” bling like a torrent. Nanticoke falls is a single straight he said, “think of travelling under cover, while they sluice, into which the whole stream is collected, and were exposed to the rain on horseback,"

shoots down about five feet in a distance of little less How different is power when derived from its only than four hundred yards. This fall is never considered just source, yiz. The People, from that which is de- dangerous. The Nescopeck or Berwick falls, about rived from conquest, on hereditary succession! The twenty miles lower down, are similar in their general first magistrate of the nations of Europe assume the outline; the sluice here descends a fall of about six feet titles of Gods; and treat their subjects like an inferior in a distance of not quite three hundred yards. The race of animals. Our beloved Magistrate delights to difficulty of going up these falls is greatest in low water shew upon all occasions, that he is a man—and instead which lessens in proportion to the rising of the river, of assuming the pomp of master, acts as if he consider- and in high water they are ascended with ease. M'Kee's ed himself the father—the friend and the servant of half falls, nineteen miles below Northumberland, makes the People.

a short rapid; the original difficulties in which having

been principally removed, it is now considered easy and PHILADELPHIA, APUIL 22. safe. 'Nine miles below M'Kee's begin those ripples Yesterday morning at ten o'clock his Excellency the tinue for nine miles.

called Barger's Berry's and Gurty's notch, which con. President of the United States left this city, on his solid reefs of rock extending quite across the river; but

These ripples are formed by journey to New York. His Excellency was accompa- with moderate caution, there is no difficulty or danger nied by Charles Thomson, Esq., and Colonel Hum- in passing them, either up or down. Seven miles far. phreys, formerly aid-de-camp to his Excellency. Pre ther down, Fuster's falls commence; and six miles vious to his Excellency's departure the following Ad. lower are Hunter's falls; but neither of them present dresses were presenled.

any thing like a broken pitch of water. The stream is, (See next No. of the Register]

however, much accelerated, and the channel which

passes among large masses of rock, that lift their heads The following toasts were drank on Monday last, at above the stream; or approach near to the surface, is the Entertainment given at the City Tavern to his Ex- crooked, and has not as yet been cleared out in so dicellency GEORGE WASHINGTON, Esq.

rect a line as it should be, so as to present a straight, 1. The United States.

fair sluice for the descent of arks and boats. But the 2. The Federal Constitution.

few losses which happen here arise not so much from 3. The Senate and Representatives of the United the great difficulty of the passage, as froin careless or States.

unskilful pilotage. The descent of the few ripples 4. His Most Christian Majesty, our great and good from Hunter's falls to Conewago are calculated to give Ally,

additional speed to the waters; but their passage is in 5. His Catholic Majesty.

either way, attended with no danger or difficulty. Such 6, The United Netherlands.

is the nature of the navigation of the principal branch 7. The State of Virginia.

of the Susquehanna from Otsego lake to Conewago. 8. The Vice-President of the United States.

From every information we have been able to obtain, 9. The State of Pennsylvania,

the navigatian of the Tioga branch from Bath, and of 10. The immortal memory of those Heroes, who the western branch, for a distance of one hundred and fell in defence of the liberties of America.

sixty miles above Northumberland, is equally good and 11. The members of the late General Convention. very similar in its general character. The Juniata, 12. The Agriculture, Commerce and Manufactures from Frankstown, on the north branch, and from Bed. of the United States.

ford on the Raystown branch, is reported to be much 13. May those who have opposed the New Consti- better, and less broken by falls and ripples, tution be converts, by the experience of its happy The costs and charges of navigating an ark of fortyeffects.

tons burthen, which is the average tonnage of those res14. Government without oppression, and liberty sels, from Owego to Conewago, a distance of two hunwithout licentiousness.

dred and fifty miles, is about fifty dollars, and somewhat proportionally more or less, from any point bigher

up or lower down the river. But from Conewago or CO STEAM BOAT NAVIGATION OF THE SUSQUE-lumbia, a distance, at farthest, of not more than sixty HANNA.

or seventy miles, by the river channel, to tide, the ex.

pence of navigating a similar ark down the torrent, (and This is a subject to which a good deal of pains has with a burthen of more than fifty tons, no one will renlalely been taken to direct public attention, and we are ture to descend,) is, from fifty to seventy dollars. willing to throw in our mite to its elucidation. The pre- | 'Thus constituting more than one half of the whole ex.

1833.)

CANAL MEETING,

253

pense of navigating the river from any of its highest Maryland, and Virginia, and even further south. The points; independent of the insurance, which to Cone-day of enterprize and discovery is at hand, and as the wago is nothing, or not more than one half per cent, Chesapeake and Ohio canal penetrates the western but which from Conewago to tide is worth from seven, bills, new and exhaustless mines of wealth will be to ten per cent on the value of the cargo; but on the brought to light, and rendered tributary to its revenue proposed canal, from Conewago to Baltimore, the and the public prosperity, in a degree scarcely now to whole expense of transportation through, would not be estimated. These, without such an improvement, exceed half that amount. The proposed canal, then, would have slumbered for ages yet in the bosom of the would be the means of saving in the descending navi- earth; or, if discovered, inaccessible by any means that gation, one fourth in the expense of transportation could bring them to market and render them applicable from the most remote point, and all the premiums for to the various uses for which they are peculiarly design. insurance.

ed. -Williamsport (Md.) Banner. The Conewago falls being a straight, and comparatively easy sluice of nineteen feet descent, in a distance of about one quarter of a mile, the descending arks

From the Warren (0.) News Letter, Oct. 8. usually shoot down it without any additional prepara

CANAL MEETING. tion, and proceed on to Columbia, where they always stop to take in a pilot, and prepare for the further de- On the evening of the 1st October, instant, a very rescent; and when prepared, they always leave Columbia spectable number of the citizens of this county met at in the morning, and in five or six hours after having the court house, in this village, in pursuance to a notice been committed to the mad torrent they are either of that day, published in the News Letter. dashed to pieces against the rocks. or safely moored, at General Simon Perkins, on motion of Elisha Whittlea computated distance, along the sinuosities of the chan- sey, Esq was appointed chairman-David Tod, Secrenel, of sixty miles below on the placid tide. Many pro-tary. The notice above alluded to was read; Judge jects and contrivances have been suggested for clearing Pease addressed the meeting on the subject for which the rugged bed of this monstrous rapid, and of con- it had been convened; followed by Judge King, one of trolling and regulating the fury of its speed; but, as yet, the commissioners named in the charter, who gave an although immense sums have been expended, the com- exposition of what the commissioners had done, under parative little chippings and notchings in the huge their appointment. masses of rock over which it foams, whirls, and rushes

On request of R. P. Scalding, Esq. the Secretary read along, have scarcely in any sensible degree mitigated or a po ion of a letter from Gen. M'Coy, of Pennsylvania, diminished the perils of the descending navigation. But to one of the Commissioners, in which he observes, as to ascending, the roused up, mighty river, as it pours that from personal observation, as well as from surveys a long, charged with the drainage of its millions of and reports submitted by Mr. Sloan, he does not enteracres, resistless, roaring, dreadful, tumbling down tain a single doubt as to the feasibility of connecting the through rocks abrupt, seems to hold in scorn all human Beaver division with the Ohio canal, at Akron," efforts and contrivances to ride on its bosom, and run The following resolutions, offered by J. Crowell, Esq. counter to its thundering course.

were severally read and adopted: It is said, however, that a loaded boat has been forced Resolved, That a committee of three individuals be up from the tide, all the way to the Connewago falls; appointed to frame and report resolutions relative to but the description of the manner and the season in the object of this meeting for the consideration of the which it was done are sufficient to satisfy any one that the ascent of these falls may be pronounced altogether, Resolved, That the said committee be appointed by and physically impracticable for all commercial pur- the chairman of this meeting. poses whatever. The boat is said to have set out in the Whereupon, Calvin Pease, Elisha Whittlesey, and summer season, when the waters were clear, and the Leicester King, Esqrs. were appointed from the chair; stream low; to have on board only about eight or ten who withdrew for a short time. During their absence, tons; to have been very strongly manned; to have the meeting was severally addressed by George Tod, been forced along in some places by poles alone, and Eli Baldwin, Eben Newton, and Wm. L. Knight, Esq. in others warped up, by sending out a strong rope ahead on the importance of the contemplated enterprize, to which was fastened to a rock in the water, up to which the cities of Philadelphia, Pittsburg, the inhabitants of the boat was hauled, and then another rope again sent the Mahoning valley, and the people to the west and ahead and made fast, up to which she was, in like man- northwest generally. ner hauled, and so on.

E. Whittlesey, Esq. in behalf of the last named committee, made the following report, which was promptly

and unanimously agree to: ATHRACITE COAL.

Resolved, it is expedient to appoint delegates from The discovery of anthracite coalin Berkley county, Va. this county, to meet such delegates as may be apwas made a few weeks ago by Mr. Purcell, Engineer of pointed by the counties in Pennsylvania and Ohio, intethis place. He bronght to this town with him on his rested in the construction of a canal, to intersect the careturn a large quantity of the discovered mineral, for nalin Pennsylvania. samples, some of which we have seen. The coal seems Resolved, That the Convention meet at Warren, on to be of a superior quality, and the mine from which it the second Wednesday of November next. was taken represented as one of the richest ever observ- Resolved, That the counties in Pennsylvania and ed. It is situated about sixteen miles from the Potomac Ohio, interested in the contemplated canal, be requestriver, near the line of Berkley and Morgan counties, ed to appoint delegates to attend said Convention. and in the valley of a creek affording an excellent site Resolved, That Calvin Pease, Simon Perkins, Leifor a rail road to convey its treasures to the canal. The cester King, Eli Baldwin, Wm. Rayen, Zalmon Fitch, region in which this discovery has been made corres- Tracy Bronson. Ambrose Hart, J. P. Kirtland, and Da. ponds with the anthracite region in Pennsylvania; and vid Tod, Esqis be the delegates from this county. is on a line with Licking creek in this county. It is Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be said that no coal has been found south of that line or published in the papers of this village, with a request range of hills in that state, and the inference is, that nei. that editors of papers published in places interested in ther is it to be discovered south or east of it in this state the contemplated canal give the same an insertion in or Virginia. Its discovery in one place in this neighbor. their respective papers. hood leads to the belief that it extends in strata from E. Whitilesey, Esq. followed by Mr. William Bell, t he coal mines in Pennsylvania throughout that state, from Pittsburg, who happened to be present, addressed

same.

the meeting on the importance of the proposed canal,perior to any other now in use-having about three to the trade of Pennsylvania and Ohio, generally.

hundred weight attached to the rope, which passes over On motion, the meeting was adjourned.

a pulley, and by its superior gravity runs the prisoner SIMON PERKINS, Chairman.

up. No scaffold had been erected, as it was the prisonDavid Tod, Secretary.

er's request that he should be run up from the ground.

A prayer was offered under the gallows by the Rev. We do not usually record accounts of executions. Mr. Hecht, and other ceremonies gone through with,

the remainder of the time was occupied by the prisoner Upon the present occasion, we deem it proper to depart in bidding farewell to those of his acquaintance whom from our rulc, for the purpose of introducing as an histo. he saw around him, many of whom he called trom rical fact, the first case, we believe, that has occurred, in among the volunteers and ihe crowd. His manner was this state, of the improved mode of hanging, which, as firm, cool, and collected—not a nerve about him show.

ed one single sympton of fear or agitation; his manner the account philosophically states, is decidedly superior and conduct would in a better cause have been called to any other now in use.The mode of constructing heroism At ten minutes past two, the Sheriff asked the gallows is said to be upon the New York plan. In him if he was ready—he answered yes, and stepped this instance it does not appear to have worked well; under the gallows. His frock and cap were then put

on, he himself assisting in tlie operation. The end of and we earnestly hope the time is not distant, when such the rope which he had around his neck, was then drawn barbarous spectacles shall not be exhibited among us, out from his clothes and looped upon the hook attached professing as we do, to be a civilized, and Christian

com- to the rope depending from the gallows—the cap was munity. The plan of raising the culprit from the ground drawn over his face, he bade the Sheriff farewell in his

usual tone of voice, and awaited the fatal blow, The instead of dropping him from the scaffold, however, is Sheriff with a hatchet severed the rope which held the not new. It is that usually practised by the Turks to- weights, and he was taken up with a sudden and powerwards the Greeks, as we had occasion to narrate in Vol. ful jerk. He had scarcely been raised three feet from III. of the Register, page 222, to which we refer; as well he fell. His face was uncovered but he lay without life

the ground, however, when the rope snapped off, and as to a memorial signed by some of our most respecta- or motion for half a minute. He then opened his eyes ble citizens, which will also be found on the same page, and looking round him with a kind of balf smile, half addressed to he Legislature. Will not this be a favor- sneer- and casting his eyes up towards the rope, re

marked in careless tone that was good for nothing." able moment to revive the subject, for the special atten. He then got up, and rubbing his arm, complained that tion of our representatives?

he had burt it upon the stones when he fell. Even this From the Easton Sentinel.

terrible interlude in the solemn scene, which chilled

the blood of almost every spectator, had no effect upon THE EXECUTION OF GETTER,

his iron nerves. He leaned against the gallows with On Friday last this victim of the law paid the forfeit the utmost composure, until the deputy Sheriff had proof his crime under the gallows. On the afternoon pre. vided another rope. He was then led a few steps off, vious, our borough began to fill with people who had and his face turned away, so that he might not see the come far and near to witness the execution, and all the preparations. Hearing a noise behind him, however, accommodations for men and horses were occupied by he turned around and looked on while the ropes, an early hour in the evening—not a public house in the weights, and pulleys were being arranged with the utplace, but was crowded to overflowing On Friday most indifference and unconcern. —When all was ready morning however the influx of persons was greater than he stepped under the gallows to try it again. When it had been the evening before, and the streets became the rope was drawn out from his clothes, he requested almost jammed up.. About 11 o'clock many of them the Sheriff to draw up his cravat, in order to liide that betook themselves to the place of execution, which was part of the rope which passed about his neck. The the island in the river Delaware, opposite the mouth of rope was made fast, he shook hands with the Sheriff

, the Bushkiln. The gallows was erected near the cen. and stood a second time, calmly and coolly awaiting his tre, affording opportunity for a view to perhaps 100,000 fate. The cord was cut, and he was immediately carripersons from the surrounding banks and hills. The ed up about six or eight feet. His breast heaved at in. iwo troops of cavalry, commanded by Captains Brown tervals as if nature was making an attempt to breathe, and Whit esell, for several hours before the execution, but in 11 minutes all motion ceased. In 30 minutes te formed a cordon around the gallows. About 12 o'clock, was cut down, and his body given to his relatives. Thus (M.) the troop of Capt. Yard, and several companies of died Getter: a man whose incredible nerve and firmfoot, composing the Sheriff's escort, formed in front of ness were never surpassed, however severely the cirthe jail. 'At fifteen minutes before one o'clock, the jail cumstances of his execution were calculated to try him; doors were thrown open, and the prisoner was brought and any one who saw him die would cease to wonder out dressed in a suit of white, and walked between his at the cold and unrelenting manner in which he acknowbrother-in-law and the Sheriff into the centre of the ledges to have committed the horrid crime for which hollow square, where were also placed several mem- he has suffered. bers of the bar, the friends he wished to accompany him to the gallows-the clergymen-a carriage contain

His appearance on being brought out of Jail, suring our physicians--and the wagon containing the cof prised those who had not seen hin since his trial. Infin. The prisoner had expressed his unwillingness to

stead of a thin, and woe-worn being, they beheld him ride, and preferred to walk the whole way, a distance actually fat and fleshy, with a good color in his face. of a little more than half a mile. The procession then llis appetite had never failed him during the whole moved on

Getter had his arms.pinioned by a cord time, and his sleep according to his own acknowledgeacross his back, and had it not been for this constraint ment, had been unbroken and tranquil; and the efforts upon his motions, his step would have been as free and of good living and refreshing sleep, were visible in his

whole as firm as that of any man around him. As he passed

appearance. along, he cast his eyes about him, with apparent curio. The breaking of the rope proved one interesting fati sity and frequently addressed himself to his brother-in- clearly and satisfactorily-which is that the first shock law, Mr. Lawler, or to the Sheriff, and in getting off the when the criminal is jerked from the ground destroys bridge of boats upon the island, displayed very great all sensation, and consciousness, that he neither knows careto avoid wetting his feet. The gallows had been con. or feels pain or inconvenience afterwards, but be. tructed upon the late New York plan-decidedly su- comes perfectly insensible after the first moment.

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1833.]

MISCELLANEOUS.

255

From the Pittsburg Gazette.

been struck with admiration at the pleasing contrast to COMMERCIAL.

that period, now every where to be seen. Then it had

but six or eight small stores, all of which did not do as MR. CRAIG—I have received from Jos. Anderson, much business in a year as is now done by some of our Esq, Comptroller of the Treasury, a letter which may second rate stores. Then there was not a single warebe of much importance to our importing Merchants, as house or secure place to deposit goods for the west--and it explains the manner of removing the present difficulonly in 1805 or 6, a small frame warehouse adjoining ties, when the river is too low for a steamboat to come your present office in fourth street, was built for this up to this port from New Orleans, with merchandize purpose; and may now be seen as a memento of former which may have been bonded at this office.

times. Now we have from sixty to eighty large wholeWill you have the kindness to publish this letter in sale establishments, whole blocks of very large and your paper, for the information of our merchants. secure brick warehouses. Perhaps in the city and viYours, respectfully,

cinity, fifty large and many minor manu factories of difEDWARD JONES, Surveyor. ferent kinds; and from three to four hundred Retail }

Stures. Then we had a population of less than 2,000, October 10th, 1833.

little trade and no manufactures; and money was scarce

and in few hands. Now we have the banks, a large TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

and flourishing trade, extensive manufactories, ample

employment for industry and capital; and a prosperous Comptroller's Office, Oct. 4th, 1833, 'S

population in the city and immediate vicinity upwards Sir-Your letter of the 28th ultimo, has been receiv: How grateful for so many blessings and mercies.

of thirty thousand souls. How pleasing the contrast? ed. You submit the question, whether goods bonded

A MERCHANT. for, or owned by, persons in Pittsburg, on being con

Advocate. veyed in boats from New Orleans, which in conse. quence of the lowness of the water, will not be able to

MERCHANTS'S ASSOCIATION. proceed the whole way to Pittsburg, may be landed at Louisville or Cincinnati, and transferred to smaller siz. city, convened at Wade's Hotel, on the evening of the

At a very numerous meeting of the Merchant's of this ed boats, on a regular protest being made before a no- 15th inst. to take into consideration the propriety of tary public that such a course became absolutely neces. forming an Association, by means of which the comsary, arising from the circumstances stated. You were apprised, by my letter to you of the 21st abled to act with united effort on all subjects relating

mercial and Trading Community of this city may be ena April, 1831, that the act of 23 March, 1831, made no provision for a transfer of the goods from one boat to the chair, and Thomas C. Rockhill was appointed sec

to their interest, Thomas P. Cope, Esq. was called to another; but appeared to require that the boat, in which

retary. they were placed at New Orleans, should deliver them at the port of destination.

The object of the meeting having been stated by the The course now proposd, however, places the matter tution, which having been presented for consideration,

chairman, a committee was appointed to draft a constiin a different point of view, and if the following addi. tional regulations, with the protest alluded to, be com

was adopted and ordered to be printed. plied with, it appears to me that the revenue will be so ceive the subscriptions of the members.

A committee of twelve persons was appointed to resatisfactorily secured, that a transfer of the kind, in such

The association then adjourned to meet at the same cases, might be permitted to be made. When a boat, on arriving at Louisville or Cincinnati, for the ensuing year.

place on Tuesday evening, the 22d inst. to elect officers with goods from New Orleans, is found either to be

(Signed) THOMAS P. COPE, Chairman so much injured, or in consequence of the lowness of the water, is unable to proceed further, if a regular re.

Tuomas C. RockHILL, Secretary. port thereof be made to the Surveyor of the port, and

Philadelphia, October 16, 1833. he be satisfied that in order to convey the goods to Pitts

From the Philadelphia Gazette. burg, a transfer of them into another boat, or boats, is The following are the inscriptions as written by the absolutely necessary, such transfer may be made, under Rev. Dr. Wilson, and placed on the tomb erected by the superintendence of a person to be appointed by the his family, at his country seat. Surveyor for that purpose, who is to inspect the packa

Placida hic pace ges, and see that they correspond with the specification of them in the verified manifest of the cargo.

quiesco

Jacobus P. Wilson. The person so appointed, should take the oath re

Per annos bis septem quired by law, of inspectors of the Customs. After the transfer is completed, the Inspector should

composui lites;

Sacra exinde dogmata make a report of his proceedings to the Surveyor; and

tractans. in case of discovering any disagreement between the

Quid sum, et fui, jam packages and the manifest, he should make a special

noscis, viator; report thereof, and the Surveyor should thereupon, take such measures as the nature of the case would

Quid, die suprema, videbis, seem to require.

Brevi quid ipse futurus

Nunc pectore versa. In order that you may be satisfied that the transfer

(On the other side,) was regularly made, an endorsement to that effect

James P. Wilson, D. D. should be made on the manifest, by the Surveyor of the

Born Feb. 21st, 1769. port where it may have taken place.

Died, Dec. 9th, 1830.
Respectfully,

This Monument was
JOSEPH ANDERSON, Comptroller.

ereeted by his EDWARD Jones, Esq.

family. N. B. Our city editors, who can make it convenient to give this communication one insertion in their pa. There is now growing, on the farm of Mr. Thomas pers, will, no doubt, oblige many of their subscribers. P. Lee, in Oley, Berks county, Pa. a Willow Tree,

which was planted in '97, the trunk of which measures PittseURGIT.—Having seen Pittsburg, in all its rapid 15 feet 3 inches in circumference, and to the top 288 feet. progress and vicissitudes of trade since 1800, we have / It was a small branch, taken there as a riding switch.

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