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HOPKINSON'S ADDRESS BEFORE THE LAW ACADEMY
argument, for neatness and precision of narrative, and | odium of taking any unjust advantage in a bargain al. for all the refinements of genius and taste. The English most wholly at his discretion; or of doing wrong to a forum has its orators as worthy of imitation as the Ro man whose confidence has left him no choice but to sub. man. All these belong to the accomplished lawyer. mit. The grasp of his profession is universal--there is noth- It is also the part and duty of professional integrity ing he may not make tributary to it;- there is no species to give the client not only sound, legal council, but that of intormation or improvement, which may not be use- which is just and judicious in the actual circumstances tul to him, as his operations extend over all the con of his case. Much aspersion has been brought upon cerns of man in society. The lawyer must not only our profession by unworthy members, who, for a palknow what is right, but he must be able to convince try, personal gain to themselves, plunge their clients others of it. To do this, he must take man as he is; into trifling, ruinous, and, sometimes, hopeless litiganot always a deliberating, reasoning being, but com- tion; and then strive to carry them through it by the pounded of passions, prejudices, and various interests; most unjustifiable means. Let every lawyer consider and he must know how to approach and command them and treat his client, pro hac vice as a friend throwing all. If he would unite the powers of persuasion with a himself upon liis counsel for safety; and direct him, not knowledge of the law he must cultivate eloquence; he always by his strict rights, but for his permanent, submust acquire the art of managing and controlling the stantial interests; by that which, under all the circumfeelings and passions of men by studying the great mas- stances, it is most prudent, and reputable, and benefiters of the human heart. He must enrich him. cial for him to do. It is often incumbent upon us to self with elegant, appropriate, and illustrative imagery; advise and urge a client to give up a right, when the he must learn to touch the chords of feeling with a skil. pursuit of it will involve him
in the loss of time, money, ful hand. Let him ponder on the pages of Shakespeare and perhaps character, more valuable than all he could and Milton, not as amusing pastime, but for lessons of gain by success in the prosecution. instruction and utility.--How much of the reputation of It may not be aniss to notice a reproach frequently Erskine, Curran, and many others, is due to this study, cast upon the profession of the law, in high favour and is apparent from their speeches. Besides their acknow.currency with the vulgar and ignorant, but which alledged quotations, which are shining spots on their though supported by a specious attempt at a syllogism, pages, it would be curious to trace some of their most is without any solid foundation. It is said there is but a brilliant and renowned conceptions to the volumes of right and a wrong in every disputed case, and therefore Shakspeare. The student who would become a suc- one lawyer or the other defends what is wrong; and, it cessful advocate should exercise himself not only in is added, what he does or should know to be so. This reading the most finished compositions, but in writing charge against us is more generally applied to the dehimself. He will thus acquire a wide range and selec- fence of persons accused of atrocious crimes, which tion of language, with the command of a correct, easy hare excited the public indignation, not only against and elegant style. He will be able to regulate the the pre-judged offender but against those who are supchoice of his expressions, the construction and arrange posed to endeavour to screen him from justice. A moment of his sentences, and to make the best disposition ment of candid reflection would satisfy the most zeal. of his subject, arguments and illustrations. Extempore us of these lovers of justice, that the object and effort speaking is rapid composition; and to compose rapidly, of the advocate is not to stop the course of justice, but with ease and proprieiy, will become habitual only by to see that it flows in its proper and prescribed chan. frequent use.
nels; that it is administered according to law, which alone Presuming that the student has qualified himself for is justice under a government of laws. The vilest and the practice of his profession, and has been duly admit- most assured criminal has a right to this protection, ted to the bar, it is my intention to offer some sugges- even if it should shield him from merited punishment; tions on the course of conduct he should afterwards and if it be denied to him, the innocent cannot depend pursue. I need scarcely say that the basis of all our upon it. The administration of justice, civil and crimidealings with our adversaries as well as our clients, nal, by courts of law, is a vast and complicated system, should be a strict and pure integrity; a perfect fidelity spreading over all the concerns of men, and governed in the performance of every act and duty required of by principles of infinite importance to those concerns. us, and a liberal justice in all we ask of others. I speak The constitution of civil society is, in a great degree, not of that politic, indispensable honesty, which the artificial, and so must necessarily be the means by which penal code exacts; nor of that doubtful balancing integ. it is regulated and supported. A long experience, rity, which nicely weighs the question of right and noted and improved by the learning and wisdom of in. wrong and decides in its own favor by the turn of an ividuals appointed to the duty, has gradually ascertain. equivocal argument. I require of the lawyer, most esed and established the rules most safe and salutary for pecially in his dealings with his client, a high, delicate, the government of the judicial tribunals; and the issue and sensitive principle, which shrinks from the suspi. of any particular case is insignificant in comparison with cion of wrong; which will take nothing by a questiona. a firm, consistent and uniform maintenance of these ble title; which decides every doubtful case against rules. Hence a claim prosecuted in a court of law, must himself, and will be clearly and indisputably right when be sustained and proved by the sort of evidence pre. he assumes to be so, in a matter in which his inter: st is scribed for such a case; and no conviction of the judge concerned. He will carry this principle of integrity or of counsel, as to the justice of the claim, can warrant even to the point of disinterestedness; and scorn to use either of them in giving it a legal validity in the absence to his own advantage, the means which the confidence of such evidence. The first duty of the ministers of of his client, and the necessity of the trust reposed in the law is to maintain the law, in which not only the him, may have placed in his power. He must not im. individual suiter, but every citizen of the commonwealth pose upon ignorance or thoughtless liberality, or treat has a paramount interest. Such is the duty of the law. his profession as a mere mercenary agency, from which yer, who is not called upon to become the judge of his he may take as much money as he can extort; but while client's case, but to sec that that of his adversary is he may and ought to receive a fair and honorable re made out according to the law of the land. I would not muneration for his services, he should take care to re- be understood to mean that a lawyer is bound to lend gulate his demand by justice and even with generosity; himself to the bad passions, much less to the dishonest preferring to satisfy, in this respect, the client rather purposes of any man. I speak of the ordinary cases of than himself. This is due not only to the dignity of his litigation, in which each party, according to his view, profession, which overlooks and despises the contrivan- may believe himself righi, and both are entitled to a ces and exactions of petty trafficking, but to his own legal examination and determination of their respective personal character, which must not be polluted by the pretensions. It is upon the information of the client
that the counsel takes the case, and he naturally adopts opponent by coarse language and a rude demeanor, be. his views of it. It is only on the hearing before the fitting the contests of a fish market, not the grave dis. Court that the whole ground is exposed to him; and he cussions of a Court? Does he advance his argument is able to discover where the right lies. As to an un- with his judges, or his reputation with the public, by conscientious defence of a criminal, I will put a strong ribaldry, or passionate invective; by a vulgar joke or
A lawyer is engaged to defend a prisoner charg- insulting reproach upon his antagonist? This is to be. ed with murder. The wife of the accused is offered as come the hired bully of his client, not the educated, a witness against him. Could his counsel reason thus? learned, and eloquent advocate of right, and defender I am, in my conscience, satisfied that this man is guilty; of the law. Be therefore always on your guard against his wife is the only witness that can prove his guilt; this intemperate zeal which brings no fruit but mortificawithout her, this foul crime will go unpunished, and a tion and repentance to a generous mind. The members murderer be again turned loose on society. The witness of the same profession, a high and honorable calling, is honest, and I doubt not will tell nothing but the owe to each other the most kind forbearing courtesy truth; the objection to her testimony is merely techni. and respect. To see them, in the public exercise of cal; I will not therefore interrupt the course of justice their functions, coarsely sparring, indulging in ill-natured by rejecting this evidence. The lawyer who would sarcasm, bandying Billingsgate jests across the Bar, is reason and act in this manner, would betry his client, indeed sport to the vulgar bystander, who delights to his profession, and the laws of his country,
see the lofty thus humbling themselves, the honourable Thus far have I spoken of the conduct and duties of thus degraded; but it is death to the character of the the lawyer in his relations with his client. I will add a profession. It is equally unworthy to entrap each othfew words on what he owes to the Court, and his brether in little inadvertencies; to play a game of small ren of the bar. There is an error which gentlemen of tricks, and accidental advantages wholly beside the high and ardent spirits, and I may add, of irritable merits of the case, and the duty of the advocate. nerves, are apt to fall into, in believing that they assert To parties, and more especially, to witresses, a getheir independence of character and professional digni- nerous decorum should be observed; every attack upon ty, by a prompt, petulant, and disrespectful manner of them not absolutely required by the necessities of the repelling whatever they consider to be an invasion of case, every wanton injury to their feelings, should caretheir rights by the Court. They are sometimes too fully be avoided. How can you assail those who are sudden, sensitive and suspicious, on this subject, and not in a situation to repel the attack; how can you use hastily and rudely resent an affront never intended, and the privileges of your station to tread upon ibe defencedefend themselves against an encroachment never made. less? A discreet lawyer, like a well-bred gentlemen, will not Before I part with you, on this occasion, you will alseek for causes of offence, but be well assured of the low me to exhort you, with sincere earnestress, to proinsult before he compromits himself in resenting it. secute your studies with determined diligence and perThe Judges of a Court have, at ail times, a most ardu-severance. It is in the season of youth that the most ous, and frequently perplexing task to perform. They vivid impressions are made, which take complete poshave to encounter every variety of difficulty and em. session of the mind. They do not find the ground prebarrassment; their patience is sometimes taxed by un- occupied; they have not to contend with unfriendly and reasonable importunity; their principles shocked by obstructive habits; every thing is fresh and vigorous and bold and pertinacious fraud; their vigilance alarmed by encouraging. If in early life a vicious taste be acquirsubtle attempts at injustice; and all their learning, ex. ed, the appetite returns slowly and reluctantly to whole. perience and sagacity, put i:a constant requisition to some food; if pleasure and indolence be indulged, it is discharge their high and interesting functions. If, in painful and laborious to shake them off. Do not believe such circumstances, they are sometimes excited a little that what is called light reading is most suitable to beyond the point of judicial propriety, if their senti- youth, and that graver studies may be reserved for ments are delivered in a tone somewhat too absolute, graver years. From the commencement, accustom and they are not always sufficiently guarded by that de- yourself to hooks which require close attention, and licate decorum which belongs to the Bench and is due exercise your faculties of reason and reflection: the to the Bar, they should, neverthelesss be treated with mere power of attention, that is, confining the mind respectful forbearance; for let it never be forgotten, that exclusively to one object, to restrain its erratic propenthe profession of the law can never be respected, if the sities, is more rare and difficult than is generally ima. Judges be degraded and brought into contempt. We gined. It can be acquired by babit, produced by that are one family, and the Court is our head; and we ren- sort of reading which makes it necessary; and it will be der a' most acceptable service to the whole, by setting weakened or lost by a devotion to works whose gossaman example of deference and suitable submission to that ser pages will not bear the weight of thought. but are head. if it be laid low, we also shall be prostrated; if | skimmed over by the eye, hardly calling for the aid of the the first ministers of the law be humbled and disregard- understanding to draw from them all they contain. I ed, what will become of the secondary agents? Vul do not mean by this recommendation to fasten you garity and intemperate passions only will trespass upon down to law and metaphysics; nor to exclude you from the reverence that is due to those who are entrusted the delights of the imagination. The master spirits with the office of administering the law and justice of who rule that region of literature, instruct as much as the Commonwealth to its citizens. All that I require is they enchant. But this is not to be found in the proentirely consistent with a scrupulous preservation of ductions of poets whose reputation is founded on peripersonal character and professional independence. odical supplies of quaint conceits, artificial sentiments, These should never be surrendered to any power; and, antiquated verses, and obscure phrases; who dress up if the rest be given, and gracefully given, these will si me popular topic in a garb of unmeaning mystery, not be required. The deportment which a lawyer owes and startle the reader by the extravagance of their conto the Bar is much of the same description with that ceptions. Turn from such poets to those who have which is due to the Bench. It might be enough to re. dipped the pen in the human heart; who have consultpeat that he is a gentleman; that his profession is one of ed the everlasting oracles of nature and truth,and whose dignity, liberality, and refinement; and that his inter. works are therefore not of the ephemeral tribe, local, course with his brethren should be governed by the temporary and transient. These great men have not rules of the best society. This is always compatible mistaken the effusions of a brilliant fancy, the facility with an anxious zeal for the interests of his client, and a of graceful expression, for the precious gifts of poetic full and faithful performance of his duty. Can he be genius. They float not on the caprice and fashion of a lieve that he serves his cause by degrading himself and day, but will endure while man remains the same. Their his profession; that he obtains any advantage over his learning bas pervaded the recesses of knowledge; they 1833.]
ORIGIN OF THE PORCELAIN MANUFACTURE IN AMERICA.
havē penetrated and analyzed every feeling and passion By J. O'Neill. The Building Committee of the Exand propensity of our nature; and embellished whatev- change-Their gentlemanly deportment in the execuer they have touched with the brightest, purest, and tion of their charge, entitles them to our best regard most variegated imagery, drawn from every moral and and friendship. physical source in the compass of creation. They have By James McClure. The stockholders, directors, enforced and illustrated the sublime precepts of pbilo- architect, and superintendents, with the workmen of sophy and truth, and taught man to know himself
. It the Philadelphia Exch nge, whose liberality, design, is by such works you should form your taste and enrich and erection, have reared a monument that shall long your studies; the rest will do for those readers who de- outlive the tenements which they now occupy. sire only to praise or condemn, as it may be, the last By the Building Committee of the Exchange. The exhalation from the fashionable press; and are satisfied artists and mechanics whose skill and labour have to float on the stream that flows from the popular achieved the noble designs of the architect of the Phi. spring. It is a light vessel that swims in such shallow ladelphia Exchange-The board of managers tender to waters; you must look to deeper and more copious them their thanks for their excellent past conduct, and sources, and complete this part of your education by wish them in future the success which such conduct better models.
deserves. As an efficient means of improvement in the acquire. By J. R. Chandler. Wm. Strickland, the architect ments of your profession, I beg your unwearied atten. of the Merchant's Exchange-He will realize the boast dance upon your duties as members of this Academy of the ancient emperor. He found us living in a city of What you have already done is sufficient to convince brick, and he will leave us a city of marble. you of the utility and honor of the enterprise. The By J. 0. Ewing. The city of Philadelphia-Unrireputation the Institution has obtained and is obtaining, valled in the chasteness of her architecture and the the notice it is daily drawing to itself, bear ample testi- skill of her artizans. mony to the talents and industry of its members. While By R. Manser. The Philadelphia Exchange-Chasle the exercises of the Academy are as pleasant as they in its design, an ornament to our city, and an honor to are useful, it must not be considered as a place of its workmen. amusement, for light and superficial disputation, but as a By Wm. Davis. Pennsylvania-In patriotism, exsolid school of instruction, to be conducted with order, emplary; praise worthy and enterprising in all social diligence and attention. A facility will thus be acquir. improvements. ed in investigating and tracing to their roots important By Wm. Sírickland. Peter and Philip Bardi, the questions of law; in accurately discovering the true Italian brothers who sculptured the capitals of the copoint on which the question turns, and discriminating lumns of the Exchange-The excellence of their art it from others which might mislead a superficial and will be a lasting model for our American chissels. unpractised enquirer; in searching and comparing au. By J. M. Sanderson. The working men of Philadelthorities; arranging and managing an argument, and phia—Their deeds louder than words, speak volumes to delivering it with ease, force and propriety. In all these the admiring world. efforts and exercises you will be enlivened and stimu- The memory of Stephen Girard (drunk standing.) Inted by a laudable spirit of emulation and pride, with- Our industry has fabricated our wealth: let us enjoy out which excellence and success are seldom attained its fruits. in any thing.
Mr. John Struthers—The skilful builder ard the mechanic's friend.
Mr. John O'Neill—The practical mechanic and EXCHANGE CELEBRATION.
workmen's friend. On Saturday, the board of directors of the Philadel. Mr.J. M. Sanderson--The telegraph of the mer. phia Hercbani's Exchange, celebrated the event of chants of Philadelphia. placing the cap stone upon the splendid edifice. The The Caduceus-The symbol of peace given to Mer. occasion was used to express their approval of the labors cury by Apollo; while it directs the merchants which of those who had been employed upon the building. way the wind blows, may they stear clear of rocks and A dinner was given in the ball at the corner of Seventh shoals —U. S. Gazette. and Chesnut streets, served up by Messrs. McCalla and Mann, of the Tontine Coffee House, in a manner to do
From Poulson's American Daily Advertiser. credit to the purveyance and cooking of that establish
ORIGIN OF THE PORCELAIN MANUFACTURE inent, as well as to their general good taste and gene
IN AMERICA. ral arrangements. About one hundred and forty of the artizans and working men employed on the building, He who by the efforts of genius accomplished a great sat down to the excellently provided table, at the head undertaking, that had hitherto remained a secret to the of which was Wm. Strickland, Esq. the architect, as-country in which he lived—who achieved by the un. sisted by Mr. Strothers, and Mr. O'Neill, the superin- aided powers of mind, a triumph in the arts that had tendants of the marble masons and carpenters. The baffled all previous experiment, and brought to a deboard of directors and one or two guests were also at gree of perfection to rival the production of foreign the table. Several toasts were drunk, and a few good climes, a manufacture for which we had until that pesongs well sung, when the company broke up, after riod, been solely indebted to them, may at least be having devoted a suitable time to refreshment. considered to have been a benefactor to his country,
The following were among the toasts on the occasion: and his memory entitled to the gratitude of a commy
By Wm. Strickland. The artizans, mechanics, and nity, who are ever anxious to award the meed of praise working men engaged in the building of the Philadel- to native talent and enterprise. phia Exchange - Their good conduct and orderly de. William Ellis Tucker, who devoted years of his portment have been as remarkable as their skill and ex. life to bring the manufacture of porcelain, to compara. cellence of workmanship.
tive perfection in this State, and who struggled with By John Struthers. The merchants and stockhold- difficulties and disappointments, that would have disers of the Philadelphia Exchange-It is to their libera- couraged a mind less enthusiastic, and gifted with less lity that Philadelphia is indebted for another monu- energy of purpose, is now no more!--and no molive ment of the Grecian art.
can exist to withhold from his memory the tribute of By J. M. Sanderson. The Philadelpliia Exchange - admiration and esteem, which his genius and industry The head that planned and the arm that executed, have won for him whilst living. exhibited in this model, a structure unrivalled on the His knowledge and love of chemistry first led him American continent.
when quite a boy, to experiment upon coloring the white queensware imported from Europe, which he intended purposes, was planned and executed under did successfully, with the aid of a small enamelling his immediate supervision. kiln. His next step was to accomplish the manufacture But just as the arrangements were completed, and of this ware; in which, after many attempts upon the he had again commenced to manufacture porcelain, different kinds of clay, with which our country abounds, with the increased advantages which were combined in he was entirely successful. But upon the prosecution this new and commodious establishment, death closed of this new enterprise upon a large scale, without at the scene upon his earthly labors. An attack of remit. this early period (1825) contemplating any thing fur- tent fever terminated his life in August, 1832, in the ther, he abandoned all other occupations, and commenc- 33d year of his age. ed his career as the first American Manufacturer of Although he did not live to reap the rich harvest in queensware in the old building formerly occupied for anticipation—to mature and perfect the work he had the city water works.
commenced, yet he has left an imperishable record of It was there, whilst pursuing his unwearied efforts, his genius and enterprise in the origin of the porcelain secluded from society, and denying himself the ordina- manufacture in America, ry gratifications of youth, that he conceived and matur: Thomas Tucker, who is engaged by Judge Hemped the idea of making porcelain.
hill in superintending the concern, commenced at an His researches after ihe clay used in the composition early period, under the instruction of his brother, to of queensware, had brought to his knowledge the ex- | learn the business, and has since given evidence of his istence of beds of fellspar, and kaolin, and in every extensive knowledge in the minute detail of that intrikiln of ware which he burned, experiments were made cate art. to produce the body of porcelain.
The entire establishment is now owned by Judge The writer of this short tribute to his memory, can Hemphill—is advantageously known over the Union, recal to mind the joy with which his first successful et. and justly a favorite in Philadelphia, and under the fort was hailed. Nature seemed to be opening her auspices of so enterprising a citizen, we trust, will long hidden resources to him. A new discovery had dawn. continue to flourish.
E. ed upon his imagination, and his active mind was bent Philadelphia, Oct. 31. upon the entire accomplishment of this last and highest object of his ambition.
FIRE PROOF EDIFICE FOR PUBLIC INSTITU. His former project in which he had been eminently
TIONS. successful, and to the introduction of which, in this country, he incontestibly established his claim, now Pursuant to an invitation given to the Literary and gave way to the higher and more important art of the Scientific Institutions of Philadelphia, to consult on the porcelain manufacture,
subject of erecting a fire proof edifice, fur their respecThe difficulties he had yet to encounter to enable tive uses, a meeting was held at the Athenæum, Norem. him to rival, or even approach the splendid productions ber 1st, 1833. of France, were immense. But difficulties never dis- Peter S. DOPONCEAU, L.L. D. was called to the couraged him—the energies of his mind always seemed chair, and Dr. R. E. Griffith appointed Secretary. to rise in exact proportion to the obstacles with which It appeared that the following named societies were he had to contend. The modelling, glazing, gilding, represented, viz. the American Philosophical Society, &c., were yet to be acquired, and the powers of his Athenæum, Academy of Natural Sciences, Trustees of inventive faculties were brought to bear in rapid suc- the Philadelphia Museum, Historical Society, Mercan. cession upon each distinct department of this difficult tile Library, Academy of the Fine Arts, Agricultural art. In the space of a few years, with disappointment Society, Pennsylvania Library Company, Library of and success alternately stimulating his ardor, and with Foreign Literature, Law Academy. Mr Roberts Vaux, the expenditure of a large amount of capital, he was after making some observations, submitted the follow. enabled to produce ware which, for its beauty of color, ing preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously surface, and gilding, would compare with the finest adopted. specimens ot porcelain, made at the Royal Manufactory The great value of the Libraries and Scientific Cabi. at Sevres, in France.
nets, and the collection in the fine and the useful arts, Thus, to WILLIAM Ellis TOCKER are we indebted which are owned by various institutions in Philadelphia, for the introduction of that noble art in this country; to render it the duty of those who are entrusted with him belongs all the honor and praise of adding so im- their care, to provide for their complete arrangement, portant a branch to our flourishing manufactures. exhibitions, and most especially for protection from fire
Although long known in Asia and Europe, it was by to loss by which they are continually liable. It is morethe slow and tedious process of experiment alone, that over highly desirable that such rich stores of know. he acquired the knowledge of what, until then, had ledge should be placed in the same ecifice, and thus not remained unknown in America.
only afford facilities to those whose pursuits require the Pursuing his discovery, if I may be allowed to use frequent consultation of them, but also enquiring stranthe term, with an enthusiasm that is characteristic of gers sojourning in our city, conveniently to inspect men of genius, he made many important improvements, these instructive repositories. particularly in the glazing and gilding, both of which In order therefore to ascertain whether it be practiare of a very superior kind.
cable to accomplish an object so important to the proIn the year 1831, having successfully conducted the motion of learning, and the security of its treasure, by business for more than four years, having triumphed the combined efforts of the institutions alluded to, aided over every difficulty with which the untrodden path of by an opulent and public spirited peopleexperiment is ever strewed, and began partially to be Be it resolved, that the individuals now conve
pened, remunerated for his immense expenditure of time, ot and officially connected with the societies interested, labor, and of private fortune, and when he only needed will bring the subject before those bodies respectively, capital to enable him to enlarge his sphere of action, at the earliest opportunity, in order to a full exposition, Judge HEMPAILL, one of our most estimable citizens, and interchange of opinion, by committees to be aptook an interest in the concern, and furnished the pointed, and duly authorized to conter and report there. means requisite to erect buildings, and conduct the bu. upon. siness on a more extended scale,
And further resolved, that these proceedings be The result was the American Porcelain Manufactory, transmitted to the presiding officer of each institution now in successful operation, on Chesnut and Schuylkili to which they are applicable, and that they be publishSixth street. He lived to finish that undertaking, and ed for the information of our fellow citizens, all of whom the whole building, which is admirably adapted for its are deeply concerned in the preservation and extensive
PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.
usefulness of the rare and curious collections in ques- to them, for any moneys demanded as due on account tion.
of any of the said improvements, and if they allow the On motion of Mr. S. Gratz,
same, shall respectively give a certificate, specifying Resolved, that the respective bodies to whom these the amount due, and the specific purposes for which the resolutions may be sent, be requested to transmit to the debt was contracted, which certificate, together with Librarian of the Athenæum the names of the members the account and vouchers respecting the same, shall be of the committees by them appointed for this purpose. presented to the Commissioners of the Girard Estates On motion of Judge Hopkinson,
for their investigation, and if they shall approve of said Resolved, 'That when this meeting adjourn, it adjourn account as legally due for the improvements hereby to meet on the first Monday of December next, at 4 anthorized, they shall make a requisition therefor on o'clock, P. M.
the Mayor, who shall thereupon (Iraw his warrant on Adjourned.
the Treasurer of the Girard Trust for the sum mentionPETER S. DU PONCEAU, Chairman. ed in said requisition, Provided, that every requisition R. E. GRIFFITH, Secretary.
so made, shall specity the object for which the debt
shall have been contracted; and shall be charged by the From the Philadelphia Gazette.
said Treasurer to the particular account for which the
moneys therein due shall have accrued. PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.
Enacted into an Ordinance, in the city of PhiladelThursday evening, October 31, 1833.
phia, this thirty-first day of October, in the year of SELECT COUNCIL.
our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, three.
HENRY TROTH, Mr. Groves presented a resolution concerning the election of managers for the Wills Hospital-laid on the
President of Common Council. table.
J. R. INGERSOLL,
President of the Select Council. Mr. Worrell presented a petition from sundry citi- Attest-Robert HARE, Jr. Clerk of Commun Council. zens, praying that Schuylkill Third and Fifth streets, from Market to Spruce, may be paved, and for the re- Mr. Worrell offered a resolution authorising the Comgulating and planting of Rittenhouse square. Referred mittee on the Public Improvements on Schuylkill at to the Paving Committee.
Chesnut street, to rent the stores now building there, Mr. Lippincott presented a petition from sundry in to the best bidder, for a term not exceeding three dividuals, praying that the use of the Hall of the market. years, and to invite proposals by public advertisement. house in Second street, may be granted to an associa. Adopted and concurred in by Common Council. tion of young men, for the purpose of a reading room, Mr. Lippincott, from the Committee on Ways and recently established in the southern section of the city. Means, reported an ordinance authorizing the Mayor to Referred to the Committee on Markets.
borrow $60,000 in anticipation of taxes, of the present On motion of Mr. Lewis, Council resumed the con. year, on the best practicable terms, not exceeding six sideration of the following ordinance appropriating per cent. Adopted and concurred in by the Common $40,000 from the Girard Fund, to the improvement of Council. city property.
Mr. Groves offered a resolution for the appointment
of a committee of Councils, to adopt measures to enable AN ORDINANCE For the appropriation of forty thousand dollars from Square, which is held as a burial ground by the German
the city to obtain possession of that part of Franklin the income of the Girard Estates, for the improvement Reformed Congregation. Mr. Groves stated that there of city property.
was no doubt that the corporation were the true owners Section 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the citizens of that piece of ground, and that it was a very, great of Philadelphia, in Select and Common Councils assem drawback upon the beauty of the Square. An investibled, That forty thousand dollars, part of the accumu- gation into the merits of the question of ownership, lation of the income of the residuary trust fund of the some years ago, resulted in the congregation surrender. Girard Estate, be, and the same is hereby appropriat- ing to the city a portion of the ground. ed for the improvement of city property, agreeably to the third item of the twenty-fourth clause of the Will of he had understood several months ago, that the congre
Mr. Wetherill supported the resolution; he stated that the late Stephen Girard. Sect. 2. And be it further ordained and enacted by they had no title to it, it was time the rights of the city
gation intended to build on a part of this ground, and as the authority aforesaid, That the said forty thousand
were looked to. Resolution referred to committee on dollars shall be applied towards the improvement of the
Franklin Square. city property, as follows: 1. For the stores, wharf, dock, &c. near
The items of unfinished business, relative to lighting Schuylkill, between Market and Chesnut
the city with gas, was referred to a special committee, streets,
$18,000 consisting of Messrs. Lippincott, Wetherill and Eyre, 2. For the rail road on Broad street,
8,000 of the Select, and Messrs. Scholt, Troth, and Hutchin3. For the alteration at the old Engine house,
son of the Common Council. Fair Mount,
COMMON COUNCIL. 4. For the culvert, &c. at Draw bridge dock,
Mr. Byerly presented a petition from owners of pro5. For paving,
perty in the vicinity, praying that Schuylkill Seventh
and Eighth streets, between Market and Arch, and El$40,000
maker street, may be regulated and paved. Referred
to the Paving Committee, with power to act. And that the Treasurer of the Girard Trust shall open separate and distinct accounts of the several improve kill Third and Fifth streets, between Spruce and Mar,
Mr. Gilder presented a petition for paving Schuylments aforesaid. Sect. 3. And be it further ordained and enacted by to the appropriate committees.
ket, and for improving Rittenhouse Square. Referred the authority aforesaid, that the City Commissioners or the committees of Councils under whose especial care
Mr. Toland from the committee of accounts, submit. or superintendance they are effected, shall cause the ted the following reportsaid improvements to be made in the usual manner, and The Committee of Accounts respectfully report, that shall examine every account which shall be exhibited they have examined the accounts of ths Treasurer of