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the City, for the quarter ending 31st December, 1832, Repairing footways in case of default, by compared them with the vouchers, and find the same individuals,

1,140 19 correct, leaving a balance in the Treasury at that date, Expenses authorized by Councils, Approof $27,425 40.

priation 21,

10,730 99 They also report, for the information of Councils, an Sanatory Purposes,

38,782 76 abstract of the receipts and expenditures for the year Public Burial Ground,

204 00 1832, showing the sources of the Revenue, and the City Commissioners, advanced them under object of expenditure, all which is respectfully submit- Ordinance of December 24th, 1818,

500 00 ted.

Fair Mount Water Works,

65,195 58 The receipts into the City Treasury during the year Purchase of Fuel for necessitous poor,

Sinking Fund, investments in stocks, 17,900 67

646 21 1832, were $489,470 12, derived from the following John Scott's Legacy-premiums, useful sources, to wit:

inventions,

60 00 Taxes,

$210,641 27 Water Rents, 72,740 31

$478,893 90 Market Rents,

21,456 00 Rents from other Real Estates,

6,634 79 Balance of Cash in City Treasury, JaRedemption of two ground rents on

nuary 1, 1832,

$16,849 18 Lombard street,

1,200 00 Balance, excess of receipts over payments Wharfages at Drawbridge landing,

2,802 14
during 1832,

10,576 21 Sales of Street Dirt, and use of horses and carts by Sanatory Committee, viz:

In Bank of Pennsylvania, Jan. 1, 1832, $27,425 40 Street Dirt,

$7,259 62 Sanatory, 640 00

Mr. Chandler from the Committee to whom the sub

7,899 62 ject was referred, presented an ordinance, entitled “an Sale of two Steam Engines at Fair Mount, 5,523 75 ordinance for establishing an Effective Preventive PoSales of old materials at Fair Mount, by

lice for the City of Philadelphia," based on the report Frederick Graff,

1,175 29 of the Commissioners appointed for the purposeSales of Hogs,

150 00 which was read and ordered to be printed. Contingent moneys, received of City

Mr. Gilder offered a resolution that the Committee on Clerk and Commissioners,

2,244 73 Fines and Penalties,

Markets be requested to enquire into the expediency

229 36 Public Burial Ground,

of erecting a Market House, at one of the corners of

196 25 From Sanatory Committee-repayment

Broad and Market streets, which was adopted. of moneys,

247 49 Loans.-City purposes, $100,000 00

PUBLIC MEETING.
Sanatory,

30,000 00
130,000 00

At a large and respectable meeting of the mechanics Premium on Loans

of Wilkes Barre, held at the house of G. P. Steele, for To Sinking Fund, $13,500 00

the purpose of adopting measures promotive of their Sanatory,

mutual interests, and to interpose their velo against the 2,800 10

16,300 10

introduction of foreign articles of merchandize which Interest and Dividends,

come within the scope of their own manufacture.

5,573 76 United States' Loans paid off.

ANTHONY Brower was called to the chair, and

3,955 26 City Commissioners, repayment of mo

J. W. Lynde, and A. M. Wright were appointed Şe

cretaries After the object of the meeting had been ney advanced them,

500 00

stated from the chair, on motion it was $ 489,470 12

Resolved, That a committee be appointed, comprised

of individuals to be selected one from each branch of 817,000 of Water Rents, and $8,000 of City Rental, following individuals were chosen said committee, viz.

mechanism represented in the meeting, whereupon the is annually transferred to Sinking Fund.

Wm. Willitts, Samuel Howe, Wm. B. Norton, Wm. The Payments made by the City Treasurer during the mas, A. M. Wright; who, after retiring a short time,

Stephens, Elem Purdy, Ansel Thomas, Hartzell Thoyear 1832, amounted to

$478 893 90 returned and reported the following address, which

was unanimously adopted. On the following accounts: New Paving,

$74,704 71

ADDRESS, Repairing unpaved Streets,

6,659 74 To the citizens of Luzerne county, generally, and Cleansing the City,

28,973 71

particularly to the merchants. Docks and Sewers,

14,362 98 The mechanics and manufacturers residing in Wilkes Lighting and Watching,

54,675 23 Barre, and its neighborhood, having met together to Pumps and Wells,

4,486 82 consult upon measures of mutual and common benefit, Regulating Ascents and Descents,

1,128 00 Aatter themselves that a generous people will indulge Salaries,

20,632 72 them in spreading before them their views and objects. Fuel and Incidental expenses in City

Whatever promotes the interest and welfare of a numeHall,

1,267 63 rous and laborious class of community, and at the same Services in the Markets,

685 50 time increases the comfort and wealth of the other class. Incidental Expenses of Councils,

197 58 es, must be deemed an object worthy of the attention Rewarding persons active in bringing of

of all rational men.

The protection of domestic indus. fenders to justice,

400 03 try for the last eight or ten years has been the theme of Repaving over Water Pipes, and repair

all; yet no term has been more abused and perverted ing old pavements,

13,799 by those who most use it. While the creation of stuRepairing and improving City Property, 22,676 98 pendous monopolies has been countenanced, and the Interest on City Funded Deb',

90,230 21 venders of articles of foreign manufacture have met Distribution among Fire and Hose Com

with liberal support and encouragement, individual enpanies,

7,179 00 terprize and real domestic industry have been discoursg. Purchase of Paving Stone,

1,673 25 ed and driven out of doors. Hence, while we find the

1833.)

LAND TITLES.

297

owners and stockholders of the million establishments, liberal minded and well balanced merchant sees his own rolling in wealth, and enjoying extravagant profits, the best prosperity in the prosperity of his fellow men. mechanics and laborers throughout our country, are Impressed with the correctness of these views, we embarrassed and discouraged. And what is still more ask of you, our generous and enlightened fellow citi. alarming to our apprehensions, the owners of these zens, the exercise of a spirit of reciprocity, to be wilovershadowing establishments are stretching forth their ling to live and let live;—the practice of which milihands, thus strengthened by legal preferences, to con. tates against the substantial interests of none; but is trol the halls of future legislation. All we ask is to be equally beneficial in its tendency towards all. We ask left in the possession of the fruits of our own enterprise, in this case as in all others, but the application of that upon equal and fair terms; and this desirable end we simple but sublime rule, to "do unto others as you are now endeavoring to attain.

would be done by." We humbly ask the good people of Susquehanna val. On motion, Resolved, That a committee of three be ley, if it would not be more for the benefit of the coun- appointed, whose duty it shall be to confer with the try to make use of the articles furnished, and which can merchants of Wilkesbarre, and ascertain their views be furnished by the manufacturers and mechanics who with regard to the object and deliberations of this meet. reside among you, and increase the consumption and ing; and discover how far they will enter into our views business of the country, than to obtain these articles of and feelings,—and that said committee be instructed to a less substantial quality from the cities and eastern ma-prepare a report to be submitted to an adjourned meetnufactories? We are your fellow citizens, having the ing, to be held at Mr. Steele's on the last Saturday same interests and desire the same advantages from the evening of Court session. Said committee to consist of common weal of the country. We consume the pro- A. Brower, J. W. Lynde, and S. Howe. ducts of the farmer, the wares of the merchant, and in- Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be crease the business and wages of the common saborer. signed by the officers, and published in all the papers We add to the population, increase the business of the of Wilkesbarre.

ANTHONY BROWER. different professions, contribute our portion of the tax. J. W. LINDE,

Secretaries. es, and consequently to the various improvements of A. M. Wright, 3 the country. Then why should not our welfare be an

Wyoming Herald. object worthy the care and favor of our fellow citizens? Have we not higher claims upon your regard, than

LAND TITLES. strangers who reside hundreds of miles from you, and have no single interest in common with our local wel.

In vol. 2d, of Biron's edition of the laws of this state, fare? If the articles we produce were inferior to those page 105; is a large, but as we consider a very interesting brought from abroad, then we admit our claims upon and important note in relation to the land titles of Penn. your favor would be less strong; but we presume we

1810have nothing to fear by a fair comparison with our fo. sylvania, from its first settlement up to the year reign competitors in the soundness and real value of our when that edition of the laws was published. By perwork. We are here among you, responsible for the mission of Mr. Biron, we are enabled to insert it in the good faith of our undertakings, and this is a quaranty Register, and we believe that we could not devote a which the same articles sent by the stranger does not afford. Although our business depends upon the pa.

portion of our paper, to a more interesting article of tronage of all classes of society, yet we appeal more history in relation to this subject. It was drawn up we particularly in the present case to the merchants, who understand with great labor and research, by the Hop. have it more immediately within their power to advance Charles Smith-it will occupy a portion of several numour prosperity by a generous and liberal course, than bers, but we presume will be new to most of our read. any other portion of our fellow citizens. We humbly conceive, that, rightly understood, their permanent ers, and impart information which is valuable to every prosperity is in a great degree dependent upon our landholder throughout the state. It is in the form of a own. If they will in fair exchange, take our wares in note to the act for opening the land office in 1784. place of those of less value from abroad, it will save the expense and risk of transportation, give encouragement

PART I. to industry and wholesome competition, increase the in- The importance of the following note must be an ducements to mechanics and the laboring classes to set apology for its length. It is the editor's desire to lay tle, and contribute by their skill and knowledge, to before the public a connected view of the land titles of the character and prosperity of the country. In this, it Pennsylvania from its &rst settlement to the present is believed, the rational and discriminating merchant will time; an attempt of equal difficulty and interest. That clearly recognize his own substantial profit and welfare. it will be free from errors, is perhaps rather to be wish!f the merchants would, in place of introducing very ed than expected; as, from the lapse of time, some indifferent articles from abroad, take of the mechanics material documents, once known to have existed, can no and manufacturers the same articles manufactured here, longer be traced. Fortunately, however, much of what it would enable the country mechanics to increase their may be now considered as depending upon tradition, is business, and be the means of bringing it to a perfec. more the subject of curiosity than of real utility. The tion and cheapness, beneficial to all classes of the com- public records furnish ample materials of all that is of munity. It is believed that there is an amount of mer moment at the present time. chandize, such as ready made clothing, hats, shoes, The royal charter from Charles the second to Wil. boots, leather, socks,and various other articles, brought liam Penn, bears date at Westminster, March 4th, 1681, into the valley from the cities, clearly within the capa. in the thirty-third year of the reign of that king: The city of this country, to produce which, if fabricated extent and limits of the territory of Pennsylvania may here, would increase our population many hundreds, be seen in the charter itself, in the Appendix to this perhaps thousands. Is this not desirable? Does not work; and in the course of the note, its present bounany well informed person see that the best interests of daries, as settled with the adjoining states, or enlarged the country are involved in this question? And does by purchase, will distinctly appear, not the merchant to whom we emphatically appeal, It were needless, at this time of day, to question the perceive a sure and healthful increase to his business validity of royal charters. A principle had obtained and his profits in this proposition? There may be some among the European nations, that a new discovered so short sighted as to believe that a sort of mercantile country belonged to the nation whose people first dispiracy upon all other branches of business is their best covered it. Eugene the 4th, and Alexander the 6th policy! but this number, we trust, is few, and that the successively granted to Portugal and Spain all the coun.

VOL. XII.

38

tries possessed by Infidels, which should be discovered list, by reason of its not having been filed with the pubby the industry of their subjects, and subdued by the lic records, was questioned before the revolution, by force of their arms; and we are told, that no person, the proprietary officers. in the fifteenth century, doubted that the Pope, in the In the conditions and concessions, agreed upon be. plenitude of his apostolic power, had a right to confer tween the proprietor and first purchasers, (which may it; and all Christian princes were deterred from intrurl be seen in the appendix,) it was stipulated, "that as ing into the countries those nations had discovered, or soon as they should arrive, a certain quantity of land, or from interrupting the progress of their navigation and ground plat should be laid out for a large town, or city, conquests. But William Penn, although clothed within the most convenient place upon the river for health powers as full and comprehensive as those possessed by and navigation, and that every purchaser should have, the adventurers from Portugal and Spain, was influenc- by lot, so much land therein, as should answer to the ed by a purer morality, and sounder policy. His reli- proportion which he had bought, or taken up upon gious principles did not permit bim to wrest the soil of rent. That the proportion of lands that shall be laid Pennsylvania by force from the people to whom God out in the first great town or city, should be after the and nature gave it, nor to establish bis title in blood, but proportion of ten acres for every five bundred acres under the shade of the lofty trees of the forest, his purchased, if the place will allow it.right was fixed by treaties with the natives, and sancti.

Accordingly, when the first colony sailed from Eng. fied, as it were, by incense smoking from the calumet of land, in October, 1681, certain commissioners were peace.

appointed to execute the conditions on the part of Wil. The settlement of the Swedes and Dutch on the lands liam Penn; that is, to lay out the great town, and to near the river Delaware, and their subsequent subjec. proceed to survey the country lands. This commission tion to the English government, previous to the royal remains in the office. grant to William Penn, are the subjects of general his- It is known that difficulties existed with respect to tory.

The Indian deed for the purchase made by the construction of these concessions and conditions; the Dutch, of the lands between Bombay hook and and the place of the great town was not fixed by these Cape Henlopen, is now the property,and in possession, commissioners. No place could be found which would of the state of Delaware. "The purchases made by bear a town of six or seven thousand acres, the propor. William Penn, and his succesors, are of no small impor- tion to the lands already purchased, if such had been tance in the consideration of the land history of Penn- the construction of the concessions and conditions; and sylvania

if the idea of a city of such extent had not been absurd It was a principle adopted in all new settlements, that and impracticable. Tradition tells us, therefore, that the laws of the mother country, at least so far as they the commissioners did nothing but explore the country are not inconsistent with the situation and circumstan- till William Penn's arrival. What knowledge they had ces of the infant colony, should have a binding force gained of it they laid before him; and after delibera. until altered by the authority of the new government. tion, and, it must now be presumed, upon consultation But that binding force arises only from the necessity with the settlers, he laid out a town of about two square which supposes that they receive those laws under miles, or twelve hundred and eighty acres, nearly as which they lived before their settlements into their new the city of Philadelphia now stands. The whole conplantations, and agree to be governed by them for want struction of the great town was therefore altered. The of another law. But in the instance of the grant of city was divided into lots of different sizes, and a large Pennsylvania, it was incorporated in the charter "That tract adjowing it, was surveyed, and called the Liber: the laws for regulating and governing property within ties; and out of the city and Liberties the first purchathe said province, as well for the descent and enjoyment sers were to have their two per cent. of lands, as likewise for the enjoyment and succession Not a single memorial can be found of this plan, for of goods, and chattels, &c shall be and continue the any record of the alteration, or any written evidence of same, as they shall be for the time being, by the general the consent of the inhabitants to the new arrangement; course of the law of England, until the said laws shall but a regular series of uniform facts, upon the books be altered by the said William Penn, his heirs or assigns, of the Land Office, establish it beyond a doubt. and by the freemen of the said province, their delegates, The river Schuylkill divided the Liberties into two or deputies, or the greater part of them.” It is clear, parts; the lots beyond the Schuylkill were of a less therefore, that from the date of the charter, until acts value than those on the town side; and it is remarkable, of assembly were made to alter the same, lands within that the Liberty lands, without a single exception, laid the province desceniled according to the course of the out on the town side of the Schuylkill, were in propor. common law. Such is still the rule, as will be seen in tion of eight acres to five hundred acres, and the war. the course of this work, in cases omitted by the intes- rants are uniformly for 492 as of country land, and tate laws of Pennsylvania. See 4 Dallas, 64—2 Binney, eight acres in the Northern Liberties, and in the same 279.

proportion for larger purchasers; and those whose liberWilliam Penn, being possessed of the absolute Pro- ty land lay beyond Schuylkill, in the western Liberties prietaryship of all the lands in the province, so far as had their warrants for 490 acres of country land, and ihe charter, independent of his Indian purchases, could 10 acres of liberty land. It is therefore presumed by vest such right, and the consequent right, (defined in those, whose age and information give weight to the the 17th section of the charter,) to parcel them out fact, that one fifth part taken from the holders in the among purchasers, to be holden of himself and his Northern Liberties made up the city plot, and the su. heirs, by such services, customs and rents, as to him periority in value made up for the deficiency in quanti. or them should seem fit, and not immediately of the ty, and time has amply realized their foresight. crown," sold large tracts of land to persons who were The city of Philadelphia was laid out, according to called first purchasers. These sales, it is believed, Proud's assertion in the end of the year 1682. But amounted to considerably more than three hundred | the most prevalent opinion is, that the plan was not thousand acres. The price for which these lands was completed until the month of June, 1683. . As the sold, was forty shillings sterling for one hundred acres, ground chosen for the site of the city was claimed by and one shilling, quit rent. These grants or sales have some Swedes, the proprietor gave them in exchange for been since denominated old rights, and had peculiar it, a larger quantity of land at a small distance from it. privileges annexed to them, which will be immediately

William Penn, in a letter to the society of free tra. detailed. They had no location, but were to be survey ders, dated August 16th, 1683, writes thus (see his seed any where in the province. There were three lists lect works:) "Philadelphia, the expectation of those of original purchaser's; but only the two first were filed that are concerned in this province, is at last laid out in the Land office; and the authenticity of the third to the content, &c. I say little of the town itself, be.

1833]

LAND TITLES.

299

&c."

cause a plat from it will be shewn you by my agent, in acres, and placed in the back streets of the front of which those who are purchasers of me will find their Delaware, and begin with No. 5, on the southern side, names and interests, &c.

and proceed by numbers, as in the draft.” "For your particular concern, I might entirely refer Then follow the names of the persons who drew the you to the letters of the president of the society; but lots, the number of lots, 192. this I will venture to say, your provincial settlement, "Here follow the lots of Schuylkill front to the cenboth within and without the town, for situation and tre of the city, the purchasers from one thousand acres, soil, are without exception:-Your city lot is a whole and upwards, are placed in the fronts and high streets, street, and one side of a street from river to river, con and begin on Schuylkill front at the south end with No. taining near one hundred acres, not easily valued; 1, and so proceed with the front to No. 43." which is besides your four hundred acres in the city Lib. Here follow the names of the persons who drew the erties, part of your twenty thousand acres in the country, 43 lots, and it is to be remarked, that the first seven

names on both lists are the same, viz. William Penn, When the city plan was made out, two large lots junr. No. 1. William Lowther, No. 2. Lawrence Grow. were laid down for two purchasers of twenty thousand den, No. 3. Philip Ford, No. 4. The society, No. 5. acres, others to suit the purchasers of ten thousand, Nicholas Moore, No. 6. and John Marsh, No. 7. And five thousand, one thousand, five hundred and less, and it is presumed these were the large lots appropriated numbered on the draft, and some mode was devised for to the purch:users of twenty and ten thousand acres. drawing the names of the purchasers, with the number, "The high street lots begin at No. 44, and so proceed of the size belonging to each. Thus, William Penn, on both sides of that street to the centre square." junr. drew No. i, and the Society of Free Traders Then follow the names to the lots, in number 43, drew No. 5.

but some are blank, and have no names annexed. There were but three purchasers of twenty thousand “Here follow the purchasers under 1000 acres, plaacres, viz. The Society of Free Traders, William Penn, ced in the back of the front on Schuylkill, and begin on junr, and Letitia Penn. The lots of the two latter were the southern side with No. 1, and so proceed by the disputed, and after several trials by Jury, it is said they numbers as in the draught.” bave obtained but 244 feet in breadth from Delaware Then follow the names annexed to the lots, the lots front street to Schuylkill. The lots of the purchasers being 149 in number, but several are blank, without of ten thousand acres, bore no manner of proportion to names annexed, and several names in manuscript, the foregoing—They had six lots of 102 feet in breadth where the printed list has been worn. The whole is from Second to Third, and from Third to Fourth street, thus headed, “Directions of reference in the city on each front, that is Delaware front, Second and Third draught of Philadelphia, to the lots of the purchasers, streets, and Schuylkill front, Second and Third streets, &c. by way of numbers, be.ng too small to insert their not amounting to more than six acres-Nicholas Moore names, so that by the number, the lots may be known." and John Marsh, two of these great purchasers, drew It is to be assumed as a principle, of which the evidence on Delaware front, No. 6 and 7.

is abundant and conclusive, that liberty lands were Purchasers of five thousand acres had two lots, one always considered as part of the quantity purchased, on Front street 102 feet in breadth, extending from and were taken out of it when the warrant issued for the Front to Second street, and one on High street, 132 country land; but the city lots were considered as feet in breadth, and extending half the depth, north- appurtenant to the purchase, but no part of it; and in ward towards Mulberry street, or southward towards the lessee of Hill, v. West, and lessee of Moore v. Chesnut street, or about 300 feet, being less than two West, in the supreme court, December term, 1804, it acres.

was held, that the right to city lots was so connected Purchasers of 1000 acres, had two lots, one of twen with the first purchases, that by a general deed, made ty, or twenty one feet in breadth on Front street, ex. in 1704, by first purchasers of 5000 acres, with the tending to Second street, and the other on High street, appurlenances, city lots, incident thereto, though prebelieved to be 32 feet, by half the depth to the next viously surveyed, will pass together with the libertystreet.

lands, unless a contrary intention can be shewn. MSS. Purchasers of 500 acres bad lots on the back streets, Reports. as all the streets were called, except Front, or High That this was the course of the Land Office, is evi. streets, 49. feet in breadth, by halt the depth to the dent, from innumerable records; but it is ascertained next street, or thereabouts. This is a general outline, only from such evidence, and from tradition; as it has as far as it can now be ascertained, of the regulations been already stated, that no trace can now be found, of the city lots. Holmes' printed map, in a very mu- of any written documents, to show when, and in what tilated state, from long use, is yet remaining in the manner, these important transactions were settled be. Surveyor. General's office, but there is also there a cor tween the proprietor and the purchasers. rect copy on parchment. The names of the first pur. In the minutes of the commissioners of property, chasers, annexed to the map, which is the original used, Book H. page 22, upon application to them for a city and referred to by the commissioners of property, must lot, the following entry is to be found. The concessions soon disappear, if not copied. The editor has taken a only relate to the liberty-lands, and the first purchasers 'correct copy, which may be given in the appendix, if had no right to city lots, from the first location thereof, it shall be deemed necessary or useful. In this place it but only from the proprietor's grant, after his arrival is necessary to refer only to the following parts of the here. printed list, viz.

Upon the second coming of William Penn, after “The purchasers from one thousand acres and up. governor Fletcher's time, viz. in the year 1701; the wards, are placed in the fronts and high streets, and assembly, in an address to the proprietor, claimed cerbegin on Delaware front, at the south end, with No. 1, tain privileges in the city, which they alleged, had and so proceed with the front to the north end, to No. been violated. The seventh and eighth articles are as -43.".

follow. Then follows the list of names who drew the 43 lots “8th. That whereas the proprietary formerly gave or numbers,

the purchasers an expectation of a certain tract of "The High street lots begin at No. 44, and so pro- land, which is since laid out, about two miles long, and ceed on both sides of the High street, upwards to the one mile broad, whereon to build the town of Philadel. centre-square.”

phia, and that the same should be a free gift, which Then follow the names of the persons who drew the since has been clogged with divers rents, and reservalots, amounting to 39 lots.

tions, contrary to the first design and grant, and to the “Here follow the purchasers under one thousand great dissatisfaction of the inhabitants. We desire the governor to take it into consideration, and make them stances occur in the minute books, in which the com easy therein,"

missioners of property confirmed by patent lands deriv. sgth. That the land lying back of that part of the ed from grants and promises from Sir Edmund Andross, town already built, remain for common, and that no the governor of New York. leases be granted for the future to make inclosures to One of the first acts of William Penn, was to natural the damage of the public, until such time as the respec. ize all the settlers who had seated themselves previous tive owners shall be ready to build or improve thereon.” to, and had remained after his arrival, and it appears to Votes of Assembly, vol. 1, part 1, page 145.

have been his earnest desire to extinguish every kind of The proprietor, in his answer, ten days afterwards, title, or claim to the lands necessary for the accommodasays "you are under a mistake in fact; I have tied you tion of his colony, and to live in terms of friendship to nothing in the allotment of the city, which the first with the Indian matives. purchaser, then present, did not readily seem to comply The early Indian deeds are vague, and undefined as with, and I am sorry to find their names to such an ad- to their boundaries, and the stations cannot be precise. dress as that presented to you, who have got double ly ascertained at this day; but these circumstances base lots by my re-applotment of the city, from fifty to one long ceased to be of any importance; and the deed of hundred and two feet front lots; and if they are willing September 17th, 1718, seems to define pretty clearly, to refund the fifty-two feet, I shall as you desire, be the extent and limits of the land acquired by the seveeasy in the quit rents; although this matter solely refers ral purchases, to that period. to the first purchasers, and to me as proprietary;"

We shall begin with the deed of July 15th, 1682, “You are under a misapprehension, to think, that a procured at a treaty held with the Indians, by William fourth part of the land laid out for a city, belongs to any Markham, the deputy governor, a short time previous body but myself, it being reserved for such as were not to the first arrival of William Penn, from Idqnahon, lanfirst purchasers, who might want to build in future time; nottowe, Idquoqueywon, Schoppe, for himself, and Okoand when I reflect on the great abuse done me in my nichon, Merkekotoon, Oreeklon, for Nannamsey, Shaurabsence, by destroying of my timber and wood, and wacighon, Swanpisse, Nahoosey, Tomackhickon, Weskthow the land is overrun with brush, to the injury and kitt,and Talawsis, Indian Shackamakers, for the follow. discredit of the town, it is small encouragement to granting lands, for themselves and their people. “Beginning your request; however, I am content that some land be at a certain White Oak, in the land now in the tenure laid out for the accommodation of the town, till inhabi. of John Wood, and by him called the Graystones, over tants present to settle it, under regulations that shall be against the fall of Delaware river, and so from thence thought most conducing to the end desired; about wbich up the said river side to a cornet marked Spruce tree, I shall consult with those persons chiefly concerned with the letter P, standing by the Indian path that leads therein.” Ibid. 148.

to an Indian town called Playwisky, and near the head The assembly in their reply, tell the proprietor, that of a creek called Towissinon, and from thence westthey had tenderly weighed and debated those two ward to the creek called Neshammonys creek, and heads, and voted that they be still insisted upon; and along by the said Nashammonys creek, unto the further application to be made to the proprietary, hum. (river Delaware, alias, Makerisk-kitton; and so bounded bly requesting him to ease the party concerned therein, by the said river to the said first mentioned White Oak, ibid. 153. But nothing further appears respecting this in John Wood's land, and all those islands called or controversy.

known by the several names of Matiniounsk island, That the original concessions and conditions, made Sapassineks island, and Oreskons island, lying or being in England, related merely to the first purchasers, is in the said river Delaware, &c. evident from a variety of entries in the books of the By an indorsement on this deed, dated August 1st, commissioners of property, corroborated by general 1682, sundry Indian chiefs, not present at the execution opinion, and uniform construction. See book G, page of the deed in July, and who style themselves the right 73. "I. F. being none of the first 100 purchasers, had owners of the land called Sapassineks, and the island no right to liberty lands, according to the concessions," of the same name, ratify and approve it; signed, Idquoso in Book H, page 38.

queywon, Swanpisse, Filerappomond, Essexamarthalle, The point has however undergone judicial investiga. Nanneshessham, Pyserhay. (Note. In a duplicate of this tion and decision, that the concessions are confined to deed, the river Delaware is called Makerisk-kiskon.) the first purchasers, 2 Binney, 476, and in the case of These deeds are not recorded. This purchase was of Springetsbury Manor, in York county: judge Washing inconsiderable extent, ton decided that the ninth section, which runs thus, The deed of June 23d, 1683, is in these words, “We “ In every 100,000 acres, the governor and proprietary Essepenaike, Swanpees, Okettarickon, and Wessapoak, by lot reserveth ten to himself, which shall lie but in for us, our heirs and assigns, do dispose of all our hands one place," was confined to the cases of the first pur. lying hetwixt Pemmapecka and Neshemineh creeks, chasers. Cited, ib. 486.

and all along upon Neshemineh creek, and backward This subject has become more matter of curiosity of the same, and to run two days' journey with an borse than utility. Yet it is necessary to observe, that under up into the commtry, as the said river doth go, to Wilthe commonwealth, the state paid great regard to those liam Penn, proprietor and governor of the province of 'ancient claims of original purchasers to city lots; and Pennsylvania, &c. his heirs and assigns forever, for the provided a mude to ascertain those claims, and to grant consideration of so much wampum, and so many guns, patents for the lots, or an indemnification for them, in shoes, stockings, looking-glasses, blankets, and other case they had been sold or appropriated ; but li- goods,as he the said William Penn, Hath pleased to give mited the time in which such claims should be made, unto us, hereby for us, our heirs and assigns, renouncwhich is now expired, and the remaining, Jols appro ing all claims or demands of any thing in or for the prepriated by the state, for which see vol. 1, (chap. 931,) mises for the future, from him, bis heirs or assignsa' page 533, and the note thereto subjoined –

By another deed of the same date, Tantanen and Before we proceed to the mode of granting and set. Metémequan, release to William Penn; the same ferrito tling lands in Pennsylvania, it will be useful to ascertain ry, omitting the two days journey. the Indian purchases, and to give a comprehensive and The extent of this purchase would be considerable, connected view of the deeds, and boundaries, as far as and greatly beyond the limits of the subsequent deed of they can be ascertained. The Dutch and Swedes,as has September, 1718. Neither of these deeds is recorded. been already observed, were peaceably settled on the June 25th, 1663. An Indian called Wingebone, conDelaware, and after their subjection by the English, veys in the following terms, viz. “For me, my heirs were under the government of New York, and had ac- and assigns, do freely grant and dispose of all my lands quired rights under that government And several in. 'lying on the west side of the Schuylkill river, beginning

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