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from the first falls of the same all along upon the said river, and backwark of the same, so far as my right goeth, to William Penn, &c. for so much wampum and other things, as he shall please to give us, &c

October 2d, 1685. Deed from Pare, Packenah, Tareekhan, Sichais, Pitquassit, Tours, Essepenaick, Peskoy, Kekelappan, Eomus, Machaloha, Mesheconga, Wissapowey, Indian kings, shackamakers, right owners of all the lands from Quing Quingus, called Duck creek, unto Upland, called Chester creek, all along by the west side of Delaware river, and so between the said creeks, backwards as far as a man could ride in two days with a horse, which they convey to William Penn. Recordat Philadelphia, in book F. vol. 8, page 121. In this place should follow a deed alleged to have existed, dated August 20th, 1686, for the walking purAnd, on the same day, Neneshickan, Malebore, alias, chase, and which occasioned much controversy and disPendanoughhah, Neshanocke, [and Oserereon, but not satisfaction among the Indians; it is, however, referred signed by him,] Shackamakers and right owners of all to, included in, and confirmed by the deed of August, the lands lying between Manaiunk, alias Schuylkill,and 1737. It is certain no such original deed was in existPemmapecka creeks, grant all their right, title and in-ence at the treaty of Easton, in 1757. It will be further terest in their lands betwixt Manaiunk and Pemmapecka, noticed in the proper place. so far as the hill called Consohockan on the said river Manaiunk, and from thence by a northwest line to the river of Pemmapecka. None of these deeds are recorded.

July 14th, 1683. Seeane and Icquoqusham, Indian Shackamakers and right owners of the lands lying between Manaiunk, alias, Schuylkill, and Macopanackhan, alias, Chester river, grant and sell all their right and title in the said lands, lying between the said rivers, beginning on the west side of Manaiunk, [ ] called Con-ed sohockan, [here an obliteration,] and from thence by a westerly line to the said river Macopanackhan.

What was the true situation of the Conshohockan. hill, cannot perhaps, be now ascertained. That it could not be very high up the Schuylkill is apparent; other wise a northwest line from it, as mentioned in the deed last recited, would never strike Pennepack creek; nor would the line mentioned in the deed of July, 1685, hereafter cited, touch the Chester and Pennepack

creeks.

Though the name is now lost, it is most probable that it referred to some of the highlands between Wissahick

on and Norristown.

September 10th, 1683. Grant from Keketappan of Opasiskunk, for his half of all his land betwixt Susquehanna and Delaware, which lieth on the Susquehanna side, with a promise to sell at the next spring, on his return from hunting, his right to the other half of said lands. (This deed is not recorded.)

October 18th, 1683. Machaloha, called himself own. er of the lands from Delaware river to Chesapeake bay, and up to the falls of the Susquehanna, conveys his right to William Penn, to said lands, to enjoy them, live quietly. (This deed is signed in upon and the presence of many Indians, whose names are partly eaten off by mice, as is also a small part of the deed, where the blank is. It is not recorded.)

June 3d, 1684. Deed from Manghougsin, for all his land upon Pahkehoma, (Perkeomink, now Perkioming. This deed is not recorded.)

June 7th, 1684. Richard Mettamicont, calling himself owner of the land on both sides of Pemmapecka creek, on the river Delaware, releases to William Penn. -Not recorded.

July 30th, 1685. Deed from Shakhoppoh, Secane, Malibore, Tangoras, Indian shackamakers, and right owners of the lands lying between Macopanackan, alias Upland, now called Chester creek, and the river or creek called Pemmapecka, now called Dublin creek, (Pennypack,) for all the land beginning at the hill call ed Conshohockin on the river Manaiunk, alias Schuyl. kill, from thence extending a parallel line to the said Mackopanackan, by a southwesterly course, and from the said Conshohockin bill to the aforesaid Pemmapecka, by the said parallel line northeasterly, and so up along the said Pemmapecka creek, as far as the creek extends, and so from thence northwesterly, back into the woods, to make up two full days journey, as far as a man can go in two days from the said station of the parallel line, at Pemmapecka; as also beginning at the said parallel at Macopanackan, and so from thence up said creek as far as it extends, and from thence north westerly back into the woods to make up two full days journey as far as a man can go in two days from the said station of the said parallel line at the said Macopanack(This deed is not recorded.)

an.

June 15th, 1692. King Taminent, king Tangorus, king Swampes, and king Hickoqueon, by deed, acknowledged satisfaction for all that tract of land belonging to Taminent and others, "which they parted with unto William Penn, &c. the said tract lying between Neshamina and Poquessing, upon the river Delaware, and extending backwards to the utmost bounds of the province." This deed is not recorded.

These limits on the Delaware are precisely defined. The Poquessing, a name still retained, (as is Neshaminey,) is the original boundary between the counties of Philadelphia and Bucks, as ascertained in April, 1685. And tradition informs us, that near the lower side of the Poquessing, on the Delaware, on an elevated piece of ground, the city of Philadelphia was first intended to be built.

January 13th, 1796. Thomas Dongan, afterwards earl of Limerick, in the kingdom of Ireland, late governor of New York, by deed, conveys to William Penn, all that tract of land lying on both sides of the river Susquehanna, and the lakes adjacent, in or near the province of Pennsylvania, in consideration of one hundred pounds sterling.-Beginning at the mountains or head of said river, and running as far as, and into the bay of Chesapeak, which the said Thomas lately pur chased of, or had given him by the Susquehanna Indians, with warranty from the Susquehanna Indians.

The Indian deed to Col. Dongan is not known now to exist, nor is there any trace of it in the public offices. It is known, however, that he was the agent of William Penn to make the purchase. This deed was confirmed in 1700. Yet we find the Conestogoe Indians complaining of it, at the treaty with Sir William Keith, in 1722, and alleging that William Penn, forty years before, got some person at New York, to purchase the lands on Susquehanna from the Five Nations who pretended a right to them, having conquered the people formerly settled there; and when the Conestogoes understood it, they were sorry; and that William Penn took the parchment, and laid it upon the ground, saying to them it should be common amongst them, viz. The English and the Indians, &c. The governor answered, "I am very glad to find that you remember so perfectly the wise and kind expressions of the great and good William Penn towards you; and I know that the purchase which he made of the lands on both sides of Sus quehanna, is exactly true as you tell it, only I have heard further, that when he was so good to tell your people, that notwithstanding that purchase, the lands should still be in common between his people and them, you answered, that a very little land would serve you, and thereupon you fully confirmed his right, by your own consent and good will, &c."

The curious inquirer who wishes to be further informed of these transactions, now very unimportant, may consult the treaties of 1722 and 1727, in the coun cil books.

and made an offer to sell lands; the governor tells them, "that he is glad to see them, that he takes their visit very kindly at this time, but that they were misinformed when they supposed the governor had sent for them; that governor Penn had, by means of Col. Dongan, already bought of the Five Nations, the lands on Sus

July 5th, 1697. The deed from the great Sachem Taminy, his brother and sons, is in these words,-"We Taminy, Sathimack and Weheeland, my brother, and Wehequeekhom, alias Andrew, who is to be king after my death, Yaqueekhon, alias Nicholas, and Quenamockquid, alias Charles, my sons, for us, our heirs and successors, grant, &c. all the lands, woods, meadows, ri- quehanna; that the chiefs of the Five Nations, when vers, rivulets, mines, minerals, and royalties whatsoever, Sir William Keith was at Albany, had of themselves situate, lying and being between the creek called Pem-confirmed the former grant, and absolutely released all mopeck, and the creek called Neshaminy, extending pretensions to these lands." The release here stated in length from the river Delaware, so far as a horse can to have been made at Albany, in 1722, is however, not travel in two summer days, and to carry its breadth ac- to be now found. cording as the several courses of the said two creeks About this period the Indian purchases become more will admit, and when the said creeks do so branch, that important, and the boundaries more certain and definthe main branches, or bodies thereof cannot be discovered, and principles were established, and acquired the ed, then the tract of land hereby granted, shall stretch force of settled law, of deep interest to landholders; forth upon a direct course, on each side, and so carry and which have been since uniformly recognized, and on the full breadth, to the extent of the length thereof. at this moment govern and control our judicial tribuAcknowledged in open court, at Philadelphia, 6th nals.-To live in peace and friendship with the natives, July, 1697. Recorded in the Rolls Office, 7th of the was a part of the benevolent system of the venerable 12th month, 1698. in book E 3, vol. 5, page 57, &c. and virtuous founder of Pennsylvania. To a people averse from warfare, from consciencious motives, every thing which would tend to provoke their warlike neighbours, and irritate them to lift the tomahawk, was most carefully to be avoided; and we find no common attention bestowed upon this momentous subject by the government. When the natives sold their lands, it was understood distinctly, that the white people should not settle or encroach upon their hunting grounds, and lands reserved by them; nor was a single attempt thus to settle, unattended by complaints and uneasiness. The Indians observed their treaties with fidelity, and the boundaries appear to have been always accurately understood by them.

September 13th, 1700. Widagh and Andaggy-juncquagh, kings or sachemas of the Susquehanna Indians, and of the river under that name, and lands lying on both sides thereof. Deed to W. Penn for all the said river Susquehanna, and all the islands therein, and all the lands situate, lying and being upon both sides of the said river, and next adjoining to the same, to the utmost confines of the lands which are, or formerly were, the right of the people or nation called the Susquehannagh Indians, or by what name soever they were called, as fully and amply as we or any of our ancestors, have, could, might, or ought to have had, held or enjoyed, and also confirm the bargain and sale of the said lands, made un to Col. Thomas Dongan, now earl of Limerick, and formerly governor of New York, whose deed of sale to said governor Penn we have seen. Recorded in Book F. vol. 8, page 242.

The above is the deed referred to by Sir William Keith, at the treaty with the Conestagoes, in 1722. It is remarkable, that the Indian deed to Col. Dongan, was not produced, and it seemed to have been conceded, that his purchase was from the Five Nations, who pretended right to the lands by conquest; and the words in italics appear to have been intended to embrace and confirm the title however derived. Nor did the purchase include any extent of land. It is true it is left indefinite; being for land on both sides of the river, and next adjoining to the same; but the great object of William Penn was to secure the river through the whole extent of the province; and although it was not design-page 59. ed for immediate settlement, the great foresight of the proprietor would not permit him to relinquish this important grant, which was to secure the whole of the Susquehanna, from the pretensions of the adjoining colonies, and at this time the charter bounds were not distinctly known, but, for a long time afterwards they were considered as extending at least to the Owegy, and including a considerable part of the river, now, unquestionably, known to be within the limits of New-York. No opportunity was therefore lost to bring this title to great anxiety and uneasiness among the Delawares. the view of the Indians. Accordingly, in articles of The complaints of the aged Sassooman, were eloquent agreement between William Penn, and the Susquehan- and pathetic. Violence had ensued, and blood had na, Shawona, Potowmack and Conestogoe Indians, flowed. Preparations had been made, and alliances dated April 23d, 1701. (Recorded in Book F. vol. 8, were forming for war, but by prudence and skill, the page 43.)__ Among other things they ratify and confirm danger was turned aside. governor Dongan's deed of January 1796, and the above deed of the Susquehanna Indians, of September, 1700.

The settlers, notwithstanding, encroached on the Indian lands beyond this boundary, which occasioned

(To be continued.)

And notwithstanding the limits defined in the deed of September 1718, which will shortly follow, we find Dongan's deed insisted on, and acquiesced in, at Susquehanna, in 1722; and again, at a treaty held at Philadelphia, in July 1727, between governer Gordon, and the deputies of the Five Nations; in answer to the deputies, who said the governor had divers times sent for them and they had therefore come to know his pleasure,

On the 17th of September, 1718, there is a deed of release from sundry Delaware Indian chiefs, viz. Sassoonah, Meetashechay, Ghettypeneeman, Pokehais, Aadmackan, Opekasset, and Pepawmamam, for all the lands situate between the two rivers, Delaware and Susquebanna, from Duck creek, to the mountains on this side Lechay, with an acknowledgment, that they had seen and heard divers deeds of sale read unto them, under the hands and seals of former kings and chiefs of the Delaware Indians, their ancestors and predecessors, who were owners of said lands, by which they had granted the said lands to William Penn, for which they were satisfied and content, which, for a further consideration of goods delivered them, they then confirmed-This deed is recorded, May 13th, 1728, in Book A. vol. 6,

mits of all the preceding deeds, westward, two days It is therefore to be observed, that the undefined lijourney with a horse, &c. which would have extended far beyond the Lehigh hills, are here restricted to those hills, which so far as related to the purchasers from the Delawares, were the boundaries of the purchased lands.

Pottsville is the only place in the United States in which the signing of the Constitution has been celebrated. It is a good thing to remind the people occasionally that there is such an instrument in existence.—

Miners' Journal.

PENNSYLVANIA AND OHIO CANAD.-At a meeting, held at Beaver, the following resolutions, among others, were passed, and the following strong delegation ap pointed.

"Whereas, the connexion of the Pennsylvania with the Ohio Canal from Akron to the Beaver Division of the Pennsylvania Canal, at or near Newcastle, would not only tend to benefit the section through which it passes, but is of vital importance to the State of Pennsylvania, inasmuch as it will secure her cities of Pittsburg A meeting has been held in the vicinity of Waynesand Philadelphia, the greater portion of the trade of the burg, at which a committee was appointed to fix the upper Lakes, and of the State of Ohio, and States fur-boundaries of a new county, to be taken out of parts of ther west of Ohio; whilst it affords to Pennsylvania Berks, Chester, and Lancaster counties.

a new outlet and a new market for her iron and other manufactures-Therefore,

Resolved, That we view with pleasure the efforts that are now making by the citizens of Pittsburg, Philadelphia, and elsewhere, to arouse public attention to this very important object.

Resolved, That we most cordially approve of the Convention proposed to be held at Warren, on the 13th of November next, called for the purpose of promoting and aiding in the accomplishment of the aforesaid object.

Resolved, That the county of Beaver, having a deep interest in the completion of the cross cut canal, her in terests ought to be represented, and her wishes express. ed, in that Conventian-Therefore,

Resolved, That this meeting appoint ten Delegates to represent Beaver county in that Convention; and that Dr. Oliver Cunningham, Thomas Henry, Esq., Gen. Abner Lacock, James Patterson, Joseph Hoops, Benjamin Adams, Esq., Dr. Joseph Pollock, Dr. Charles Whippo, John Dukehart, jr., and John Clark, Esq., be appointed said Delegates.

Resolved, That this meeting deem it of great importance that the city of Pittsburg and county of Allegheny be represented in said Convention, and therefore recommend that they assemble and appoint Delegates for that

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Our friends at Beaver need not be uneasy. Pittsburg will be represented in Convention—the current of opin

ion is irresistible.

chief of the army and navy of United America, he advanced towards this place, against the refractory and turbulent citizens of these western counties, and had then the glorious good fortune to reduce the misguided insurgents to obedience, and restore peace and order, without the loss of a single life, or a drop of blood.— Pittsburg Gaz.

From the Pittsburg Gazette. REMINISCENCES.-On the 22d of November, 1753, not quite eighty years ago, George Washington then on his way to Le Bœuf, arrived at this place-then called "the Forks." At that time there was not a single white face residing on or near this point, where so many thousand inhabitants are now living.

It may be a matter of proud recollection to Pittsburghers, that the first accurate description of this point was given by the pen of the father of his country-the man, who was truly the "best and the greatest," and that the vicinity of Pittsburg was the field of his first fame.

There was a singular variety and contrast in the aspect of circumstances under which Washington visited this place and its vicinity, at different periods. On the 22d of November, 1753, he arrived as the mere messenger of a single Colonial Governor, and spent some time in examining the situation of the point-all then was peace and solitude here-nothing disturbed his meditations but the music of the feathered inhabitants of the forest. On the 9th of July, 1755, he again approached this place, with all the "pomp and circumstance of war," under Braddock; was met with the sharp report of the rifle and fierce yell of the savage, and compelled to retreat in haste and disorder, with a discomfitted army, and a dying commander.

Again, on the 25th of November, 1758, under the command of General Forbes, he approached this point in glorious triumph, and in taking possession of Fort du Quesne, which had just been abandoned by the flying Frenchmen.

SOMERSET, Oct. 30. THE WEATHER.-Yesterday morning we rose and found the earth clothed in a new dress-during the night a snow had fallen to the depth of about two inches. This is the fourth snow that has visited us this season.Somerset Whig,

POTTSVILLE, Nov. 2. COLD WEATHER.-On Wednesday morning last the ground in this place was covered with snow, and on the Broad Mountain snow had fallen to the depth of two or three inches-and ice an inch thick or upwards, has been visible here for several mornings past.-Ib.

CLEARFIELD Town, Oct. 31.

than usually unfavorable to out-door work, especially to
THE WEATHER.-The past month has been more
the farmer. Owing to the almost constant cold rain,
but little seed has been sown in this county for a month
past, and no appearance of change in the weather yet;
and unless the weather moderates shortly, many far-
mers will not be able to get in half what they have pre-
pared, as seeding time is well nigh past, and the atmos-
phere at present having every appearance of the com-
mencement of winter. We had snow on the 20th, and
frequently since, with hard freezing. Many of our old-
est inhabitants say the like has not taken place for twen-
A portion of the Buckwheat spared by the
ty years.
early frost bids fair to be left out over winter.

POTTSVILLE AND DANVILLE RAIL ROAD.-We under

stand that the result of the experiment on the 2d inclined plane of the Pottsville and Danville rail road, announced in our last paper, (through the politeness of Mr. Campbell, Engineer, under whose direction it was undertaken,) was entirely satisfactory, and contributes much to the gratification of the spectators who witnessed it. We are informed that the car passed up and down the inclined plane with every facility, carrying numerous passengers; and that nothing occurred to diminish the sanguine expectations entertained by the friends of the rail road, concerning its operation. We avail ourselves of the present occasion to mention that the whole work, so far as it has been commenced, is in a train of vigorous and successful prosecution, and that this end of the route is rapidly approaching a completion. We trust that the period is not distant when the remaining portion of the road will be placed under contract, as the advantages of the work can scarcely be appreciated until a connexion is effected with the Susquehanna.—Ib.

THE RAIL ROAD.-The Contractor on Section No. 1, commenced laying the blocks on the inclined plane on Wednesday last; and this day intends to begin the laying of the rails.

The engine house at the head of the inclined plane is so far completed that the carpenters are engaged in putting on the roof.

We understand that a car has been placed on that part of the road near Lancaster which is completed, for the accommodation of those who wish to enjoy the novel

And yet again, in October, 1794, as commander inty of travelling on a railway.-Columbia Spy.

STEAM ENGINES IN AND NEAR PITTSBURG.-M. Samu el Church, has just called and furnished us with a list of the number of steam engines now in operation in this city and its immediate vicinity; the power of each engine, the number of hands employed, and the amount of coal consumed monthly. Mr. Church has, himself, been at the trouble and expense of having this statement made out-it is entirely satisfactory, so far as it goes, but there are still many in the county, not embraced in this list. We hope to receive a list of these also, through the kindness of the manufacturers or owners.

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Philadelphia, Nov. 2d, 1853.

Dear Sirs-My duties at West Point leave me but a few days to remain in Philadelphia, and my engage ments here are so numerous, as to put it entirely out of my power to accept the very kind invitation of my bro. ther Artists, communicated to me by you in so flattering a manner.

Committee.

I trust I shall have many opportunities of renewing that intercourse with my early friends, among you, which I have never ceased to remember with unmingled plea sure, and of becoming known to the many who have distinguished themselves, and done honor to our coun. try, by the successful cultivation of the Fine Arts, during my long absence.

Accept, gentlemen, my warm thanks for your kind-
ness, and believe me to be, With great regard,
Your obedient servant,
C. R. LESLIE.
To Thos. Sully, Wm. Strickland, C. G. Childs, J. B.
Longacre, and Wm. E. Tucker, Esq's.

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Extract of a letter from M. Boucher, an eminent Silk Merchant at Paris, to Mr. John D'Homergue, of this city, dated 12th August, 1833.

"The minister of Commerce has granted to me what the American Congress has refused to the venerable and patriotic Peter S. Du Ponceau, to wit, the estab lishment of a special school, for instruction in the silk business, from the culture of the mulberry tree, to the throwing and twisting of the raw material, inclusive. I have been directed to submit a plan for the organization of that school in its various branches. It is to be established in one of the southern cities, which I shall point out.

Philadelphia, Nov. 1st, 1833.

Dear Sir-The undersigned, a committee appointed by the Artists of Philadelphia, to welcome your return among them, after an absence of twenty-two years, respectfully invite you to fix a day to partake of a dinner with them.

"Your specimen of Bank paper with engraved Vig

We have it expressly in charge, in bidding you wel-nettes,has been presented to the Minister of Commerce, come to this City, to assure you of our warm attachment as a product of your new industry. We congratulate for your person and character, and of our exultation at you upon it,"

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOI.. XIII.-NO. 20. PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 16, 1833. NO. 307

newed their complaints. The French at Montreal were likewise endeavoring to gain them over to their interest, and it was seen both by the assembly and goverad-nor, that it was but just and reasonable, and that it concerned the peace of the country, that the Indians should be made easy respecting their lands, and their complaints removed. The state of affairs gave rise to the treaty of 1732, shortly after the arrival of Thomas Penn, who was present at it. See votes of assembly, vol. 3, page 158.

LAND TITLES.

(Continued from page 302.)

At the treaty at Philadelphia, in 1728, Sassoonan, dressing himself to Mr. James Logan, the proprietary secretary, and principal commissioner for land affairs, said,That he was grown old, and was troubled to see the Christians settle on lands that the Indians had never been paid for; they had settled on his lands, for which he had never received any thing; that he was now an old man, and must soon die; that his children Previous, however, to this treaty, there appears to may wonder to see all their father's lands gone from have been a release, but not recorded, from sundry Inthem without his receiving any thing for them; that the dians, for all the land on both sides of the Brandywine Christians made their settlements very near them, and creek, from the mouth thereof, where it enters the rithey would have no place left of their own to live on; that ver Delaware, up to a certain rock in the said creek, this might occasion a difference between their children near the upper line of Abraham Marshal's land. It is hereafter, and he would willingly prevent any misunder-unimportant to inquire at what point this purchase endstanding that might happen." ed. It could have been intended merely to extinguish some claims, probably not well founded; and the same land was included in the release of 1718. This release is dated, May 31st, 1726.

Mr. Logan, with the leave of the governor, answered, "That he was no otherwise concerned in the lands of the province, than as he was entrusted with other commissioners, by the proprietor, to manage his affairs of property in his absence; that William Penn had made it u rule, never to suffer any lands to be settled by his people, till they were first purchased of the Indians; that his commissioners had followed the same rule, and how little reason there was for any complaint against him or the commissioners, he would make appear. He then proceeded to relate to them the circumstances connected with the release of 1718, for the lands from Duck Creek to near the forks of Delaware, and that the Indians were then entirely satisfied with it; and the instrument of release was then read to them.

September 7th, 1732, Sassoonan alias Allummapis, sachem of the Schuylkill Indians, Elalapis, Ohupamen, Pesquetomen, Mayemo, Partridge, Tepakouset, alias Joe, grant all those tracts of land or lands, lying on or near the river Schuylkill, or any of the branches, streams, fountains, or springs thereof, eastward or westward, and all the lands lying in or near any swamps, marshes, fens, or meadows, the waters or streams of which flow into or towards the river Schuylkill, situate, lying, and being between those hills called Lechay hills, and those called Kekachtanemin hills, which cross the said river Schuylkill, about thirty miles above the said Lechay hills, and all land whatsoever lying within the said bounds, and between the branches of Delaware_river on the eastern side of the said land, and the branches or streams running into the river Susquehanna on the western side of the said land. That is to say, all those lands situate, lying, and being on the said river Schuylkill, and the branches thereof, between the mountains Mr. Logan answered, that he understood, at the time called Lechay to the south, and the hills or mountains that deed was drawn, and ever since, that the Lechay called Kekachtanemin on the north, and between the hills or mountains, stretched away a little from below branches of the Delaware river on the east, and the wa. Lechay, or the forks of Delaware, to those hills on Susters falling into the Susquehanna river on the west. quehanna, that lie about ten miles above Pexton; Mr. Ratified by Lingohonoa, a Schuylkill Indian, who was Farmer said those hills passed from Lechay, a few miles not present at signing the foregoing deed, 12.h July, above Oley, and reached no further, and that Talpyhoc- 1742. kin lands lay beyond them.

Whether, continued Mr. Logan, those lands of Tulpyhockin were within or without the bounds mentioned in the deeds, he well knew that the Indians, some few years since, were seated on them, and that he, with the other commissioners, would never consent that any settlement should be made on lands where the In ians were seated; that these lands were settled wholly against their minds, and even without their knowledge; but he desired of the Indians, that though these people had seated themselves on the Talpyhockin lands without the commissioners, leave or consent, yet that they would not offer them any violence, or injure them, but wait till such time as that the matter could be adjusted."

In this the Indians acquiesced, and having waited some time without receiving any satisfaction for their land, and the encroachments still increasing, they re

VOL. XII.

39

Sassoonan and Opekasset, both acknowledged this deed to be true, and that they had been paid for all the lands therein mentioned; but Sassoonan said, the lands beyond these bounds had never been paid for; that these reached no farther than a few miles beyond Oley, but that their lands in Tulpyhockin, were seated by the Chris

tians.

Confirmed by deed of release, 20th of August, 1733, which is in fact a release for the consideration of said lands, received by them. This release is also confirmed by Lingahonoa, 12th July, 1742, acknowledging that he had received his portion of the consideration.

These deeds and releases have never been recorded. The lands at Tulpehocken were quieted by this deed; but as it embraced none of the lands on the Delaware, or branches leading into it, the discontent of the Indians still continued with regard to the settlements at the Mimissinks, near forty miles above the Lechay hills, which was the northern boundary according to the deed of 1718. Although considerable obscurity rests upon the deed of 1686, yet presuming its existence, the purchase had never been walked out. And if any reliance can be placed in the authenticity of a letter from James Logan, dated 20th November, 1727, and printed a

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