Imágenes de páginas




from the first falls of the same all along upon the said October 2d, 1685. Deed from Pare, Packenah, Tariver, and backwark of the same, so far as my right reekhan, Sichais, Pitquassit, Touris, Essepenaick, Peskoy, goeth, to William Penn, &c. for so much wampum and Kekelappan, Eomus, Machaloha, Mesheconga, Wissapo. other things, as he shall please to give us, &c

wey, Indian kings, shackamakers, right owners of all July 14th, 1683. Secane and Icquoqusham, Indian the lands from Quing Quingus, called Duck creek, unShackamakers and right owners of the lands lying be to Upland, called Chester creek, all along by the west tween Manaiunk, alias, Schuylkill, and Macopanackhan, side of Delaware river, and so between the said creeks, alias, Chester river, grant and sell all their right and backwards as far as a man could ride in two days with title in the said lands, lying between the said rivers, be a horse, which they convey to William Pepn. Record ginning on the west side of Manaiunk, [ ] called Con. ed at Philadelphia, in buok F. vol. 8, page 121. sohockan, (here an obliteration, ] and from thence by a In this place should follow a deed alleged to have exwesterly line to the said river Macopanackhan. isted, dated August 20th, 1686, for the walking pur

And, on the same day, Neneshickan, Malebore, alias, chase, and which occasioned much controversy and disPendunoughhah, Neshanocke, (and Oserereon, but not satisfaction among the Indians; it is, however, referred signed by him, ] Shackamakers and right owners of all to, included in, and confirmed by the deed of August, the lands lying between Manaiunk, alias Schuylkill, and 1737. It is certain no such original deed was in existPemmapecka creeks, grant all their right, title and in ence at the treaty of Easton, in 1757. It will be further terest in their lands betwixt Manaiunk and Pemmapecka, noticed in the proper place. so far as the hill called Consohockan on the said Jane 15th, 1692. King Taminent, king Tangorus, river Manaiunk, and from thence by a northwest line to king Swampies, and king Hickoqueon, by deed, acknow. the river of Pemmapecka. None of these deeds are ledged satisfaction for all that tract of land belonging to recorded.

Taminent and others, “which they parted with unto What was the true situation of the Conshohockan. William Penn, &c. the said tract lying between Nesha. hill, cannot perhaps, be now ascertained. Tbat it could mina and Poquessing, upon the river Delaware, and not be very high up the Schuylkill is apparent; other: extending backwards to the utmost bounds of the prowise a northwest line from it, as mentioned in the deed vince," This deed is not recorded, last recited, would never strike Pennepack creek; nor

These limits on the Delaware are precisely defined. would the line mentioned in the deed of July, 1685, The Poquessing, a name still retained, (as is Neshamihereafter cited, touch the Chester and Pennepack ney) is the original boundary between the counties of creeks.

Philadelphia and Bucks, as ascertained in April, 1685, Though the name is now lost, it is most probable that and tradition informs us, that near the lower side of the it referred to some of the higlılands between Wissahick- Poquessing, on the Delaware, on an elevated piece of on and Norristown.

ground, the city of Philadelphia was first intended to September 10th, 1683. Grant from Keket appan of be built. Opasiskunk, for his half of all his land betwixt susquehánna and Delaware, which lieth on the Susquchanna

January 13th, 1796. Thomas Dongan, afterwards side, with a promise to sell at the next spring, on his earl of Limerick, in the kingdom of Ireland, late gov. return from hunting, his right to the other half of said ernor of New York, by deed, conveys to William Penn, lands. (This deed is not recorded.)

all that tract of land lying on both sides of the river October 18th, 1683. Machaloha, called himself own. Susquehanna, and the lakes adjacent, in or near the er of the lands from Delaware river to Chesapeake bay, dred pounds sterling. --Beginning at the mountains or

province of Pennsylvania, in consideration of one hunand up to the falls of the Susquehanna, conveys his head of said river, and running as far as, and into the right to William Penn, to said lands, to enjoy them, live bay of Chesapeak, which the said Thomas lately pur

quietly. (This deed is signed in chased of, or had given him by the Susquehanna Indithe presence of many Indians, whose names are partly ans, with warranty from the Susquehanna Indians. eaten off by mice, as is also a small part of the deed, where the blank'is. - It is not recorded.)

The Indian deed to Col. Dongan is not known now June 3d, 1684. Deed from Manghougsin, for all his to exist, nor is there any trace of it in the public offices land upon Pahkehoma, (Perkeomink, now Perkioming. It is known, however, that he was the agent of William This deed is not recorded.)

Penn to make the purchase. This deeď was confirmed June 7th, 1684. Richard Mettamicont, calling bim- in 1700. Yet we find the Conestogoe Indians comself owner of the land on both sides of Pemmapecka plaining of it, at the treaty with Sir William Keith, in creek, on the river Delaware, releases to William Penn. 1722, and alleging that William Penn, forty years be-Not recorded.

fore, got some person at New York, to purchase the July 30th, 1685. Deed from Shakhoppoh, Secane, lands on Susquehanna from the Five Nations who pre. Malibore, Tangoras, Indian shackamakers, and right tended a right to them, having conquered ihe people owners of the lands lying between Macopanackan, alias formerly settled there; and when the Conestogoes una Upland, now called chester creek, and the river or derstood it, they were sorry; and that William Penny creek called Pemmapecka, now called Dublin creek, took the parchment, and laid it upon the ground, saying (Pennypack,) for all the land beginning at the hill call to them it should be common aniongst them, viz. The ed Conshohockin on the river Manaiunk, alias Schuyl- English and the Indians, &c. The governor answered, kill, from thence'extending a parallel line to the said "I am very glad to find that you remember so perfectly Mackopanackan, by a southwesterly course, and from the wise and kind expressions of the great and good the said Conshohockin bill to the aforesaid Pemmapec William Penn towards you; and I know that the

purka, by the said parallel line northeasterly, and so up chase which he made of the lands on both sides of sus: along the said Pemmapecka creek, as far as the creek quehanna, is exactly true as you tell it, only I have extends, and so from thence northwesterly, back into heard further, that when he was so good to tell your the woods, to make up two full days journey, as far as people, that notwithstanding that purchase, the lands a man can go in two days from the said station of the should still be in common between his people and them, parallel line, at Pemmapecka; as also beginning at the you answered, that a very little land would serve you, said parallel at Macopanackan, and so from thence up and thereupon you fully confirmed his right, by your said creek as far as it extends, and from thence north- own consent and good will, &c." westerly back into the woods to make up two full days The curious inquirer who wishes to be further injourney as far as a man can go in two days from the said formed of these transactions, now very unimportant, station of the said parallel line at the said Macopanack- may consult the treaties of 1722 and 1727, in the counan. (This deed is not recorded.)

cil books.

upon and



July 5th, 1697. The deed from the great Sachem and made an offer to sell lands; the governor tells them, Taminy, his brother and sons, is in these words,-"We that he is glad to see them, that he takes their visit Taminy, Sathimack and Weheeland, my brother, and very kindly at this time, but that they were misinformed Wehequeekhon, alias Andrew, who is to be king after when they supposed the governor had sent for them; my death, Yaqueekhon, alias Nicholas, and Quenumock- that governor Penn had, by means of Col. Dongan, quid, alias Charles, my sons, for us, our heirs and suc. already bought of the Five Nations, the lands on Suscessors, grant, &c. all the lands, woods, meadows, ri- quehanna; that the chiefs of the Five Nations, when vers, rivulets, mines, minerals, and royalties whatsoever, Sir William Keith was at Albany, had of themselves situate, lying and being between the creek called Pem- confirmed the former grant, and absolutely released all

The release here stated mopeck, and the creek called Neshaminy, extending pretensions to these lands." in length from the river Delaware, so far as a horse can to have been made at Albany, in 1722, is however, not travel in two summer days, and to carry its breadth ac- to be now found. cording as the several courses of the said two creeks

About this period the Indian purchases become more will admit, and when the said creeks do so branch, that important, and the boundaries more certain and definthe main branches, or bodies thereof cannot be discover. ed, and principles were established, and acquired the ed, then the tract of land hereby granted, shall stretch force of settled law, of deep interest to landholders;

forth upon a direct course, on each side, and so carry and which have been since uniformly recognized, and on the full breadth, to the extent of the length thereof. at this moment govern and control our judicial tribu

Acknowledged in open court, at Philadelphia, 6th nals.—To live in peace and friendship with the natives, July, 1697. Recorded in the Rolls Office, 7th of the was a part of the benevolent system of the venerable 12th month, 1699. in book E 3, vol. 5, page 57, &c.

and virtuous founder of Pennsylvania. To a people September 13th, 1700. Widagh and Andaggy.junc averse from warfare, from consciencious motives, every quagh, kings or sachemas of the Susquehanna Indians, thing which would tend to provoke their warlike neighand of the river under that name, and lands lying on

bours, and irritate them to lift the tomabawk, was most both sides thereof. Deed to W. Penn for all the said carefully to be avoided; and we find no common attenriver Susquehanna, and all the islands therein, and all tion bestowed upon this momentous subject by the gothe lands situate, lying and being upon both sides of the

When the natives sold their lands, it was said river, and next adjoining to the same, to the utmost understood distinctly, that the white people should not confines of the lands which are, or formerly quere, the settle or encroach upon their hunting grounds, and right of the people or nation called the Susquehannagh lands reserved by them; nor was a single attempt thus Indians, or by what name soever they were called, as ful. to settle, unattended by complaints and uneasiness. The ly and amply as we or any of our ancestors, have, could, Indians observed their treaties with fidelity, and the might, or ought to have had, held or enjoyed, and also boundaries appear to have been always accurately un. confirm the bargain and sale of the said lands, made understood by them. to Col.' Thomas Dongan, now earl of Limerick, and formerly governor of New York, whose deed of sale to said On the 17th of September, 1718, there is a deed of governor Penn we hare seen. Recorded in Book F. vol. release from sundry Delaware Indian chiefs, viz. Sassoo8, page 242.

puh, Meelashechay, Ghettypeneeman, Pokehais, PadmacThe above is the deed referred to by Sir William kan, Opekasset, and Pepawmamam, for all the lands sitKeith, at the treaty with the Conestagoes, in 1722. It uate between the two rivers, Delaware and Susquebug. is remarkable, that the Indian deed to Col. Dongan, na, from Duck creek, to the mountains on this side was not produced, and it seemed to have been conced. Lechay, with an acknowledgment, that they had scen ed, that his purchase was from the Five Nations, who and heard divers deeds of sale read unto them, under pretended right to the lands hy conquest; and the words the hands and seals of former kings and cbiefs of the in italics appear to have been intended to embrace and Delaware Indians, their ancestors and predecessors, who confirm the title however derived. Nor did the pur. were owners of said lands, by which they had granted chase include any extent of land. It is true it is left the said lands to William Penn, for which they were indefinite; being for land on both sides of the river, and satisfied and content, which, for a further consideration next adjoining to the same; but the great object of Wil. of goods delivered them, they then confirmed-This liam Penn was to secure the river through the whole deed is recorded, May 13th, 1728, in Book A, vol. 6, extent of the province; and although it was not design- page 59. ed for immediate settlement, the great foresight of the proprietor would not permit him to relinquish this im- mits of all the preceding deeds, westward, two days

It is therefore to be observed, that the undefined lic portant grant, which was to secure the whole of the Susquehanna, from the pretensions of the adjoining far beyond the Lehigh hills, are here restricted to those

journey with a borse, &c. which would have extended colonies, and at this time the charter bounds were not hills, which so far as related to the purchasers from the distinctly known, but, for a long time afterwards they Delawares, were the boundaries of the purchased lands. were considered as extending at least to the Owegy, and including a considerable part of the river, now, unques- The settlers, notwithstanding, encroached on the tionably, known to be within the limits of New-York. Indian lands beyond this boundary, which occasioned No opportunity was therefore lost to bring this title to great anxiety and uneasiness among the Delawares, the view of the Indians. Accordingly, in articles of The complaints of the aged Sassooman, were eloquent agreement between William Penn, and the Susquehan- and pathetic. Violence had ensued, and blood had na, Sha wona, Potowmack and Conestogoe Indians, flowed. Preparations had been made, and alliances dated April 23d, 1701. (Recorded in Book F. vol. 8, were forming for war; but by prudence and skill, the page 43.) Among other things they ratify and confirm danger was turned aside. governor Dongan's deed of January 1796, and the above deed of the Susquehanna Indians, of September,

(To be continued.) 1700.

And notwithstanding the limits defined in the deed of September 1718, which will shortly follow, we find Dongan's deed insisted on, and acquiesced in, at Susquehanna, in 1722; and again, at a treaty held at Phila, which the signing of the Constitution has been cele.

Pottsville is the only place in the United States in delphia, in July 1727, between governer Gordon, and brated. It is a good thing to remind the people occathe deputies of the Five Nations; in answer to the deposionally that there is such an instrument in existence. uties, who said the governor had divers times sent for

Miners' Journal, them and they had therefore come to know his pleasure,




PENxgYLVANIA AND CAIO CANA.-At a meeting, chief of the army and navy of United America, he adheld at Beaver, the following resolutions, among others, vanced towards this place, against the refractory and were passed, and the following strong delegation ap- turbulent citizens of these western counties, and had then pointed.

the glorious good fortune to reduce the misguided in" Whereas, the connexion of the Pennsylvania with surgents to obedience, and restore peace and order, the Ohio Canal from Akron to the Beaver Division of without the loss of a single life, or a drop of blood. — the Pennsylvania Canal, at or near Newcastle, would Pittsburg Gaz. not only tend to benefit the section through which it passes, but is of vital importance to the State of Pennsylvania, inasmuch as it will secure her cities of Pittsburg burg, at which a committee was appointed to fix the

A meeting has been held in the vicinity of Waynesand Philadelphia, the greater portion of the trade of the boundaries of a new county, to be taken out of parts of upper Lakes, and of the State of Ohio, and States further west of Ohio; whilst it affords to Pennsylvania Berks, Chester, and Lancaster counties. a new outlet and a new market for her iron and other manufactures, Therefore,

SOMERSET, Oct. 30. Resolved, That we view with pleasure the efforts TaE WEATHER. —Yesterday morning we rose and that are now making by the citizens of Pittsburg, Phila. found the earth clothed in a new dress-during the delphia, and elsewhere, to arouse public attention to night a snow had fallen to the depth of about two inches. this very important object.

This is the fourth snow that has visited us this season.Resolved, That we most cordially approve of the Con. Somerset Whig. vention proposed to be held at Warren, on the 13th of November next, called for the purpose of promoting

POTTSVILLE, Nov. 2. and aiding in the accomplishment of the aforesaid ob.

Cold WEATHER.-On Wednesday morning last the ject.

ground in this place was covered with snow, and on the Resolved, that the county of Beaver, having a deep Broad Mountain snow had fallen to the depth of two or interest in the completion of the cross cut canal, her in three inches-and ice an inch thick or upwards, has terests ought to be represented, and her wishes express been visible here for several mornings past.-Io. ed, in that Conventian—Therefore, Resolved, that this meeting appoint ten Delegates to

CLEARFIELD Towx, Oct. 31. represent Beaver county in that Convention; and that Dr. Oliver Cunningham, Thomas Henry, Esq., Gen. than usually unfavorable to out-door work, especially to

THE WEATHER.-The past month has been more Abner Lacock, James Patterson, Joseph Hoops, Benjamin. Adams, Esq., Dr. Joseph Pollock, Dr. Charles the farmer. Owing to the almost constant cold rain, Whippo, John Dukehart, jr., and John Clark, Esq., be but little seed has been sown in this county for a month appointed said Delegates.

past, and no appearance of change in the weather yet ; Resolved, That this meeting deem it of great import- and unless the weather moderates shortly, many farance that the city of Pittsburg and county of Allegheny mers will not be able to get in half what they have pré

pared, as seeding time is well nigh past, and the atmosbe represented in said Convention, and therefore recommend that they assemble and appoint Delegates for that phere at present having every appearance of the com

mencement of winter. We had snow on the 20th, and purpose."

our friends at Beaver need not be uneasy. Pittsburg frequently since, with hard freezing: Many of our oldwill be represented in Convention the current of opin- est inhabitants say the like has not taken place for twenion is irresistible.

ty years. A portion of the Buckwheat spared by the early frost bids fair to be left out over winter.

From the Pittsburg Gazette.

POTISVILLE AND DANVILLE Rail Road. We underREMINISCENCES.—On the 22d of November, 1753, stand that the result of the experiment on the 2d in. not quite eighty years ago, George Washington then on

clined plane of the Pottsville and Danville rail road, his way to Le Bäuf, arrived at this place—then called announced in our last paper, (through the politeness of “the Forks.” At that time there was not a single white Mr. Campbell, Engineer, under whose direction it was face residing on or near this point, where so many thou. undertaken,) was entirely satisfactory, and contributes sand inhabitants are now living.

much to the gratification of the spectators who witnessIt may be a matter of proud recollection to Pittsburgh. ed it. We are informed that the car passed up and down ers, that the first accurate description of this point was the inclined plane with every facility,carrying numerous given by the pen of the father of his country-the man, passengers; and that nothing occurred to diminish the who was truly the best and the greatest," and that the sanguine expectations entertained by the friends of the yicinity of Pittsburg was the field of his first fame. rail road, concerning its operation. We avail ourselves

There was a singular variety and contrast in the as of the present occasion to mention that the whole pect of circumstances under which Washington visited work, so far as it has been commenced, is in a train of this place and its vicinity, at different periods. On the vigorous and successful prosecution, and that this end of 220 of November, 1753, he arrived as the mere messen- the route is rapidl; approaching a completion. We ger of a single Colonial Governor, and spent some time trust that the period is not distant when the remaining in examining the situation of the point-all then was portion of the road will be placed under contract, as peace and solitude here-nothing disturbed his medita- the advantages of the work can scarcely be appreciated tions but the music of the feathered inhabitants of the until a connexion is effected with the Susquehanna.-Ib. forest. On the 9th of July, 1755, he again approached this place, with all the "pomp and circumstance of THE RAIL ROAD,—The Contractor on Section No. 1, war," under Braddock; was met with the sharp report commenced laying the blocks on the inclined plane on of the rifle and fierce yell of the savage, and compelled Wednesday last; and this day intends to begin the laying to retreat in haste and disorder, with a discomfitted ar of the rails. my, and a dying commander.

The engine house at the head of the inclined plane is Again, on the 25th of November, 1758, under the so far completed that the carpenters are engaged in command of General Forbes, he approached this point putting on ihe roof. in glorious triumph, and in taking possession of Fort We understand that a car has been placed on that du Quesne, which had just been abandoned by the fly- part of the road near Lancaster which is completed, for ing Frenchmen.

the accommodation of those who wish to enjoy the novel. And yet again, in October, 1794, as commander inty of travelling on a railway.- Columbia Spy.

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& manner.

STEAM ENGINES IN AND NEAR PITTSBURG.-M.. Samuthe bonor which your genius bas conferred upon the el Church, has just called and furnished us with a list of fine arts of our country. the number of steam engines now in operation in this With sentiments of great regard, city and its immediate vicinity; the power of each engine,

We are, Sir, your obedient serr's, the number of hands employed, and the amount of coal (Signed, consumed monthly. Mr. Church bas, himself, been at

THOS. SULLY, the trouble and expense of having this statement made

WM. STRICKLAND, out-it is entirely satisfactory, so far as it goes, but there

C. G. CHILDS, Committee. are still many in the county, not embraced in this list.

J. B. LONGACRE, We hope to receive a list of these also, through the

WM. E. TUCKER, kindness of the manufacturers or owners.

To Charles R. Leslie, Esq. The number of engines, embraced in Mr. Church's list, is eighty-nine-the number of hands employed, 2111-the monthly consumption of coal, 154,250 bush

Philadelphia, Nov. 2d, 1833. els. We will publish this statement next week.

Dear Sirs— My duties at West Point leave me buta few days to remain in Philadelphia, and my engage.

ments here are so numerous, as to put it entirely out of The following is a list of the taxable inhabitants of my power to accept the very kind invitation of my bro. each borough and township in the county—and also the ther Artists, communicated to me by you in so Battering valuation and amount of taxes which each borough and township pays; taken from the duplicates of 1833.

I trust I shall have many opportunities of renewing Taxables. Valuation. Taxes.

that intercourse with my early friends, among you, which

I have never ceased to remember with unmingled pleaPottsville

950 $326, 678 2,107 441 sure, and of becoming known to the many who bave Orwigsburg 148 158,877 526 69

distinguished themselves, and done honor to our coun. Norwegian Township 614 725,422 2,887 91

try, by the successful cultivation of the Fine Arts, durBrunswick

408 315,918 1,734 084 ing my long absence. Manheim 501 389,004 1,571 28

Accept, gentlemen, my warm thanks for your kindPinegrove 322 270,007 1,120 71

ness, and believe me to be, With great regard, Wayne

283 174,368
677 864

Your obedient servant,
West Penn
324 181,082 701 36

C. R. LESLIE. Lower Mahantango 234 138,046 551 41

To Thos. Sully, Wm. Strickland, C. G. Childs, J. B. Wpper Mahantango

247 139,217 554 42 Schuylkill

Longacre, and Wm. E. Tucker, Esq's. 188 72,489 587 25 Rush

88 108,657 440 18 Barry

111 108,590

450 211 Union 124 95,538

LEHIGH COAL TRADE-1833.-Despatched from

Mauch Chunk for the week ending 10th month 25th4541 $3,203,893 $14,306 255 79 Boats, carrying

3,785 Tons. The following table will show that a larger majority 2285 Boats, (last report,)

100,528 Tons. of the taxable inhabitants of Scbuylkill county resides

104,313 Tons. nearer Pottsville than Orwigsburg --and that a much 2364 Boats, Total, larger proportion of taxes are assessed in what may be termed the upper part of the county, than in the lower

SCHUILKILL COAL TRADE-1833.–Despatched durpart.

ing the week ending the 3d instPottsville

$2107 414
84 Boats carrying

3,534 Tons. Norwegian

2887 91
4366 Boats, last report

184,808 Tons. Barry


450 211 Upper Mahantango

554 42

187,162 Tons. Lower Mahantango

551 41

719 Boats Little Schuylkill coal trade 30, 131 Tons. of Rush, Union and Schuy'l 200

706 441 of Manheim

785 621

217,296 Tons. of Wayne


338 03 of Pinegrove


LACKAWANNA COAL Trade-1833.—Despatched from

Honesdale for the week ending October 16th, 145 Boats, 2950 8942 751 carrying

33,150 Tons. Miners' Journal.

Total amount since April 25th, 91,890 Tons.

395 464

560 351

The following correspondence will show that our

Extract of a letter from M. Boucher, an eminent Silk citizens, and especially the artists, are not insensible to city, dated 12th August, 1833.

Merchant at Paris, to Mr. John D'Homergue, of this the character and worth of Mr. Leslie, The tribute to this distinguished gentleman, as it was meet it should,

“The minister of Commerce has granted to me what emanated directly from those, who, like himself, have the American Congress has refused to the venerable given most of their days in honoring and advancing the and patriotic Peter S. Du Ponceau, to wit, the estabfine arts. - Commercial Herald.

lishment of a special school, for instruction in the silk

business, from the culture of the mulberry tree, to the Philadelphia, Nov. 1st, 1833.

throwing and twisting of the raw material, inclusive, I Dear Sir-The undersigned, a committee appointed have been directed to submit a plan for the organization by the Artists of Philadelphia, to welcome your return of that school in its various branches. It is to be examong them, after an absence of twenty-two years, re- tablished in one of the southern cities, which I sball point spectfully invite you to fix a day to partake of a dinner out. with them.

“Your specimen of Bank paper with engraved Vig* We have it expressly in charge, in bidding you wel nettes, bas been presented to the Minister of Commerce, come to this City, to assure you of our warm attachment as a product of your new industry. We congratulate for your person and character, and of our exultation at you upon it.'






Vol. XIII.-NO. 20. PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 16, 1833. NO. 307


newed their complaints. The Fiench at Montreal were (Continued from page 302.)

likewise endeavoring to gain them over to their inte

rest, and it was seen both by the assembly and goverAt the treaty at Philadelphia, in 1728, Sassoonan, ad. nor, that it was but just and reasonable, and that it condressing bimself to Mr. James Logan, the proprietary cerned the peace of the country, that the Indians secretary, and principal commissioner for land affairs, should be made easy respecting their lands, and their said, “That he was grown old, and was troubled to see complaints removed. The state of affairs gave rise to the Christians settle on lands that the Indians had ne. the treaty of 1732, shortly after the arrival of Thomas ver been paid for; they had settled on his lands, for Penn, who was present at it. See votes of assembly, which he had never received any thing; that he was vol. 3, page 158. now an old man, and must soon die; that his children Previouis, however, to this treaty, there appears to may wonder to see all their father's lands gone from have been a release, but 1,0t recordeil

, from sundry Inthem without his receiving any thing for them; that the dians, for all the land on both sides of the Brandywine Christians made their setilements very near them, and creek, from the mouth thereof, where it enters the ri. they would have no place left of their own to live on; that ver Delaware, up to a certain rock in the said creek, this might occasion a difference between their children near the upper line of Abraham Marshal's land. It is hereafter, and he would willingly prevent any misunder- unimportant to inquire at what point this purchase endstanding that might happen."

ed. It could have been intended merely to extinguish Mr. Logan, with the leave of the governor, answer. some claims, probably not well founded; and the same ed, “That he was no otherwise concerned in the lands land was included in the release of 1718. This release of the province, than as he was entrusted with other is dated, May 31st, 1726. commissioners, by the proprietor, to manage his affairs September 7th, 1732, Sassoonan alias Allummapis, of property in his absence; that William Penn had made sachem of the Schuylkill Indians, Elalupis, Ohipamen, itu rule, never to suffer any lands to be settled by his Pesquetomen, Mayemo, Partridge, Tepakoasel, alas Joc, people, till they were first purchased of the Indians; that grant all those tracts of land or lands, lying on or near his commissioners had followed the same rule, and how the river Schuylkill, or any of the branches, streams, little reason there was for any complaint against him or fountains, or springs thereof, eastward or westward, and the commissioners, he would make appear. He then all the lands lying in or near any swamps, marshes, proceeded to relate to them the circumstances connect. fens, or meadows, the waters or streams of which flow ed with the release of 1718, for the lands from Duck into or towards the river Schuylkill, situate, lying, and Creek to neur the forks of Delaware, and that the Indians being between those hills called Lechay hills, and those were then entirely satisfied with it; and the instrument called Kekachtanemin hills, which cross the said river of release was then read to them.

Schuylkill, about thirty miles above the said Lechay Sassoonan and Orekasset, both acknowledged this hills, and all land whatsoever lying within the said deed to be true, and that they had been paid for all the bounds, and between the branches of Delaware river lands therein mentioned; but Sassoonan said, the lands on the eastern side of the said land, and the branches or beyond these bounds had never been paid for; that streams running into the river Susquehanna on the these reached no farther than a few miles beyond Oley, but western side of the said land. That is to say, all those that their lands in Tulpyhockin, were sealed by the Chris- lands situate, lying, and being on the said river Schuyltians.

kill, and the branches thereof, between the mountains Mr. Logan answered, that he understood, at the time called Lechay to the south, and the hills or mountains that deed was drawn, and ever since, that the Lechay called Kekachtanemin on the north, and between the hills or mountains, stretched away a little from below branches of the Delaware river on the east, and the wa. Lechay, or the forks of Delaware, to those hilis on Sus- ters falling into the Siisquehanna river on the west. quehanna, that lie about ten miles above Pexton; Mr. Ratified hy Lingohonon, a Schuylkill Indian, who was Farmer said those hills passed from Lechay, a few miles nut present at signing the foregoing deed, 12.h July, above Oley, and reached no further, and that Talpyhoc- 1742. kin lands lay beyond them.

Confirmed by deed of release, 20th of August, 1733, Whether, continued Mr. Logan, those lands of Tol which is in fact a release for the consideration of said pyhotkin were within or without the bounds mentioned lands, received by them. This release is also confirmed in the deeds, he well knew that the Indians, some few by Lingahonoa, 12th July, 1742, acknowledging that he years since, were seated on them, and that he, with the had received his portion of the consideration. other commissioners, would never consent that any set- These deels and releases have never been recorded. tlement should be made on lands where the In sians were The lands at Tulpehocken were quieted by this deed; seated; that these lands were settled wholly against but as it embraced none of the lands on the Delaware, their minds, and even without their knowledge; but he or branches leading into it, the discontent of the Indians desired of the Indians, that though these people had still continued with regard to the settlements at the Miseated themselves on the Talpyhockin lands without the nissinks, near forty miles above the Lechay hills, which commissioners, leave or consent, yet that they would was the northern boundary according to the deed of not offer them any violence, or injure them, but wait 1718. Although considerable obscurity rests upon the till such time as that the matter could be adjusted." deed of 1686, yet presuming its existence, the purchase

In this the Indians acquiesced, and having waited had never been walked out. And if any reliance can some time without receiving any satisfaction for their be placed in the authenticity of a letter from James land, and the encroachments still increasing, they re. Logan, dated 20th November, 1727, and printed a Vol. XII.


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