Imágenes de páginas




the fork of the same river which lies nearest to a place thereof, the several courses thereof, to the fork of the on the river Ohio, called the Kittanning, and from the same river, which lies nearest to a place on the river said fork by a straight line to Kittanning aforesaid, and Ohio, called Kittanning, and from the fork by a straight then down the said river Ohio by the several courses line to Kittanning aforesaid, and then down the said river thereof to where the western bounds of the said pro. Ohio, by the several courses thereof to where the westvince of Pennsylvania crosses the same river, and then ern bounds of the said State of Pennsylvania crosses the with the said western bounds to the south boundary same river,” at the place of beginning. thereof, and with the south boundary aforesaid to the At a treaty held at Fort M’Intosh, with the Wyaneast side of the Alleghany hills, and with the said hills dott and Delaware Indians, by the same commissioners, on the east side of them to the west line of a tract of January, 1785, a deed was executed by those nations, land purchased by the said proprietors from the Six for the same lands, in the same words, with the same Nation Indians, and confirmed October 23d, 1758, and boundaries, which deed is dated January 21st, 1785. then with the northern bounds of that tract to the river Both these deeds, with the treaties or conferences, are Susquehanna, and crossing the river Susquehanna to printed at large in the journals of the assembly, in the the northern boundary line of another tract of land pur appendix to the journal of the session of February-chased of the Indians by deed, (August 22d, 1749,) and April, 1785. then with that northern boundary line to the river Del. Thus, in a period of about one hundred and two aware at the north side of the mouth of a creek called years has the whole right of soil of the Indians, within Lechawachsein, then up the said river Delaware on the he charter bounds of Pennsylvania, been extinguished. west side thereof to the intersection of it, by an east The legislature being apprehensive that the directions line to be drawn from Owegy aforesaid to the said river given to the commissioners to ascertain the precise bounDelaware, and then with that east line to the beginning daries of the purchase of 1768, might produce some at Owegy aforesaid.

inconveniences, declared by the third section of the act There is also in this deed a release of the Indian tract of December 21st, 1784, (post, chap. 1111,) "That in Conestogoe manor, in Lancaster county,

the said directions did not give, nor ought to be construHecorded at Philadelphia in the Roll's Office in book ed to give to the said commissioners, any authority to of deeds, No. 3, p. 23, July 12, 1781; and at Lancaster, ascertain definitively, the boundary lines aforesaid, and in the recorder's office, in book U. p. 68, July 23d, that the lines of the purchase so made, as aforesaid, in 1781.

the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty-eight, This deed incloses a part of Scull's map, with the striking the line of the west branch of Susquehanna, at boundaries marked thereon.

the mouth of Lycomick or Lycoming creek, shall be The line from the canoe place, near the head of the the boundaries of the same purchase, to all legal intents west branch of Susquehanna to the Kittanning was run, and purposes, until the general assembly shall otherwise and is marked on the maps; but what was the bounda regulate and declare the same ry on the northern side of the west branch was uncer- It is necessary to state, that on the Jd of October, tain. To prevent controversy with the Indians, no 1788, an act was passed, entitled, an act to authorize lands were permitted to be surveyed to the west of Ly- the supreme executive council to draw on the state coming creek, which , was considered the probable treasurer for a sum of money, for defraying the exboundary on that side, although many applications were pense of purchasing of the Indians, lands on lake Erie, deposited for lands between Lycoming and Pine creek. (chap. 1355.). By which act a sum of £1200 was

At the treaty at Fort Stanwix in October, 1784, the granted to purchase the Indian rights, in the lake Eric Pennsylvania commissioners were instructed to inquire tract, bargained to be sold by the United States to what creek was meant by Tiadaghton, and also the In- Pennsylvania, and a further grant was added for the dian name of Burnett's hills, which was left blank in the same purpose by an act of the 28th of September, 1789, deed of 1768. 'The Indians told them Tiadaghton is (chap. 1439.) the same we call Pine creek, being the largest emptying The Indian cession of the Presque Isle lands, is dated into the west branch of Susquehanna. As to Burnett's January 9th, 1789, and is in these words:-"The signhills, they call them the Long Mountains, and knew them ing chiefs do acknowledge the right of soil, and jurisby no other name.

diction to, and over that tract of country bounded on At this treaty, a purchase was made of the residue the south by the north line of the State of Pennsylva. of the Indian lands within the limits of Pennsylvania, nia, on the east by the west boundary of the State of and the deed signed by the chiefs of the Six Nations, is New York, agreeable to the cession of that Slate and dited October 23d, 1784. The boundaries are thus Massachusetts to the United States, and on the north described: "Beginning on the south side of the river by the margin of lake Erie, including Presque Isle; and Ohio, where the western boundary of the State of Penn- all the bays and harbors along the margin of said lake sylvania crosses the said river, near Shingo's old town, Erie, from the west boundary of Pennsylvania, to where at the mouth of Beaver creek, and thence by a due the west boundary of the State of New York may cross north line to the end of the forty-second and beginning or intersect the south margin of the said lake Erie, to of the torty-third degrees of north latitude, thence by a be vested in the said State of Pennsylvania, agreeable due east line separating the furty second and forty-third to an act of congress dated the 6th of June last (1788.) degrees of north latitude, to the east side of the east The said chiefs agree, that the said State of Pennsylbranch of the river Susquehanna, thence by the bounds vania shall and may, at any time they may think proof the late purchase made at Fort Stanwix, the fifth day per, survey, dispose of and settle all that part of the of November, Anno Domini, one thousand seven hun. aforesaid country, lying and being west of a line rundred and sixty-eight, as follows: "Down the said east ning along the middle of the Conowago river, from its branch of Susquehanna, on the east side thereof, till it confluence with the Alleghany river into the Chadochcomes opposite to the mouth of a creek called by the que lake, thence along the middle of the said lake to Indians, Awandac, and across the river, and up the said the north end of the same, thence a meridian line from creek on the south side thereof, all along the range of the north end of the said lake to the margin or shore of hills called Burnett's hills, by the English, and by the lake Erie. Indians

on the north side of them, to By an act of the 13th of April, 1791, (chap. 1556) the head of a creek which runs into the west branch of the governor was authorized to complete the purchase Susquehanna, which creek is by the Indians called Ty. from the United States, which, according to a commu. adaghton, but by the Pennsylvanians Pine Creek, and nication from him to the legislature, was done in March, down the said creek on the south side thereof to the 1792; and the consideration money, amounting to said west branch of Susquehanna, then crossing the 151,640 dollars and twenty-five cents, paid in continensaid river, and running up the same on the south side tal certificates, of various descriptions.

The deed of confirmation from the United Stales is ness the first transports cannot continue with the same dated March 3d, 1792, which is recorded in the Roll's intensity, but they are not less pleasing, though mellow. Office, in deed book, No 31, p. 107, April 25th, 1792. ed by time, and not an anniversary yet has passed that

A draught is annexed of the triangle, as containing we have not met each other with the delight that the two hundred and two thousand one hundred and eighty. occasion is calculated to inspire; we never have yet as. seven acres.

sembled but that our virtuous and patriotic sentiments These papers remain in the office of the secretary of have been improved, and we may say that the spirit of the commonwealth.

William Penn has been in the midst of us, as I hope it (To be continued.)

will ever continue to be.

The spirit of William Penn is a spirit of peace and

good will to all mankind. It soars above the miserable From Poulson's American Daily Advertiser.

disputes and differences produced by paltry interests, ANNIVERSARY OF THE LANDING OF WIL. and too often disguised under high sounding names. It LIAM PENN.

was in this spirit that our venerable founder, when he

saw his beloved province agitatrd by party feuds, and The society instituted for the purpose of commemo- the passions of the citizens violently inflamed against rating the landing of the Founder on the shores of Penn. each other, wrote the memorable expostulatory letter, sylvania, and of paying the annual tribute of respect. which stilled the waves of contention, and made Pennand gratitude to his name and virtues, assembled on sylvanians unite again like brethren. "Friends," said Thursday, the 24th of October, the 151st anniversary he, “the eyes of many are upon you, the people of ma. of that event.

ny nations of Europe look on your country as a land of At 4 o'clock, the members sat down to an excellent ease and quiet, wishing to themselves in vain the same dinner, provided by Mr. Saint, at his new and beautiful blessings they conceive you may enjoy. God give you establishment in Sixth street.

his wisdom and fear to direct you, that your country In the absence of Joseph Parker Norris, Esquire, the may be blessed with peace, love, and industry, and so chair was taken by Peter Stephen Duponceau, LL. D. continue to the end of time.” assisted by George Vaux, Esq., as Vice President, and the Committee, Richard Peters, Thomas 1. Wharton,and a different language; not only mony, but all the nations

If Penn had lived in our day, he could not hare held Thomas Dunlap, Esqrs. After dinner the following toasts were drunk:

of Europe, "look upon our country as a land of ease 1. The day, and all who honor it.

and quiet, wishing to themselves the blessings they con.

ceive we may enjoy;" it is not for me to carry the comThe President, P.S. Duponceau, Esq., introduced the parison further, but what American patriot will not apsecond toast with the following address.

prove, who will not bless those who, like us, whether

in or out of public affairs, are met in the true spirit of Gentlemen, . It was nine years ago that eighteen of us first met to. cord, which assimilates men to angels, and prepares

William Penn, in that spirit of peace, amity, and con. gether to celebrate the glorious epoch that we are now. them for the regions of glory. commemorating. Eighteen only were assembled; though a large, very large number might have been ob- But, gentlemen, the passions inherent to our nature, tained; but you will remember that we had determined are difficult to be conquered. There is a period of life that the first celebration should take place in a small when they reign almost uncontrolled, and happy are dwelling, which, we had learned by tradition, was once

the few who escape their baneful effects. To assuage the abode of our great founder and his family, and of these, by recalling to our minds the noble example of course was sacred io us by the recollections which it William Penn, and extending as much as is in our pow. brought to our minds. Of that house, which, following

er the influence of his principles, is the object of this the course of all human things, will in time perish, and, Society, as much as expressing our veneration for his like that which was the mansion of the great Franklin, character, and our gratitude for the benefits we have destroyed soon after the death of its illustrious possess.

received from him. or, will not leave a wreck behind; an accurate drawing Our own history shows us that those principles of has been fortunately preserved by our associate, Mr. love and benevolence are natural to man, and are sure Watson, one of the eighteen who participated in the to return when they have ceased to be clouded by the enjoyment and the happiness of that day.

storm of human passions. At an early period of that I shall never forget that delightful day, that day of pure, history, James Logan, and David Lloyd, both excellent unmixed happiness, when we the eighteen, sat together patriots, were divided from each other by political opiat the social table, crowded for the want of space, which nions; they both wished to promote the welfare of their brought our persons almost as near to each other as country, but differ d as to the means. The parties our hearts then were, enjoying the recollections that formed in their names almost shook the commonwealth crowded upon us, until we at last thought ourselves to its centre; but behold them at a more advanced age, brought back to the times which we were commemo- when the turmoil of passions had ceased, acting harmorating. We forgot the great and numerous changes niously together for the public good, and closing their that had taken place since; we fancied ourselves in the days, to use the language of a lady,' to whose eloquent Philadelphia of 1633, we saw the grove of tall pine writings I am indebted for the fact, "in serenity and trees, we saw the caves which were the dwellings of peace. the first inhabitants; William Penn, Hannah Penn, his

At a later period, we have seen Jeffi rson and the el. daughter Lætitia, were all present to our imaginations, der Adams, iwo of the greatest men that this or any and the pleasure we enjoyed can only be known by country has produced, opposed to one another, during those who assisted at that first celebration, who now a great part of their lives. But the time came when seldom meet without bringing it to each other's remem. the clouds of passion were dispelled, and our country brance: it was, to use the language of Penn himself, in saw them with pleasure extending the hand of friend. one of his familiar letters, truly à savoury meeting; a ship to each other, reviewing together the times that meeting of love, of peace, of happiness, worthy of the they had passed, and in which they had acted such contimes which we were commemorating. If the souls of spicuous parts. At last it was their good fi rtune to die the blest can see from their celestial abode what passes together on the same day, on the g'orious day that gave on this little earth, the spirit of our great founder must independence to their beloved country. On that day, have looked down upon us with joy and triumph.

in the words of the Poet Thomson: These first emotions have subsided to give place to a more tranquil feeling, as in all scenes of human happi. * Mrs. Deborah Logan.




Together down they sank in social sleep,

11. Perpetuity to our Association, and may all future Together freed; their noble spirits Aled,

mectings be as happy as this To scenes where love and bliss immortal reign. Do not believe, however, gentlemen, that I would

From the Lewisburg Journal. wish to see extinguished those patriotic feelings which

CANAL CELEBRATION. induce us fe:rlessly to advance, and steadfastly to main- The Lewisburg Cross Cut, consisting of a dam across tain, even at the peril of our lives, those opinions and the river, three locks, and about three-fourths of a principles which we seriously think essential to the hap. mile of canal, making a complete communication be. piness and welfare of our country; that I mean to check tween lewisburg and the West Branch Canal, being that holy indignation with which I trust every one of us this day, (October 26th, 1833,) finished; and upon letwould he fired, if despotism (which God forbid) were ting the water pass from the canal into the river, a large ever to rear its horrid head among us; or if wicked men number of citizens collected to witness the operation (for w'cked men there are) should attempt to destroy of an improvement in which all appeared to feel a comour holy union or our dear hought liberties! No, gen- mon interest. It was proposed ibat a meeting be ortemen, I know 100 well that our passions, abused as ganized at the house of Col. Christian Shroyer, for the they often are, were given to us by the Almighty Crea. purpose of making a public expression of sentiment retor for wise purposes, and that if they sometimes are lative to those concerned in prucuring for us this im. used to destroy, they also are used to preserve. They provment. were nobly employed when they roused the American The meeting being organized by appointing Col. people to Freedom and Independence.

Christian SHROrER, President, and Paul Geddes, and William Penn himself was not free from human pas- William Cameron, Esq. Secr taries, the following sensions. Witness his spirited defence on bis celebrated timents were given and most cordially received by the trial, and the vigor with which he combatted the intole. whole company. rant spirit of his day. But those passions were only Internal Improvements.-No subject more deserves employed to noble uses, and for the benefit of mankind. the attention of every American citizen, because in it, He knew how to check their excesses, and the means we see blended the interests of every class and condition that he used for that purpose, was to let the spirit of of society. universal love and benevolence predominate in his mind, The Lewisburg Cross Cut.-The Liberality that auand counteract the feelings which ungoverned passions Thorised, the genius that designed, and the skill, perseremight have excited, in his breast.

rance, and industry that constructed, all deserve the ad. This is the true spir t of William Penn, which ani- miration and esteem of every one who looks forward to mated our asssociation at its beginning, and through its the rise and prosperity of our already flourishing and existence, to the present day, and I hope never will for. growing village and its surrounding neighborhood. sake us while we shall continue to glory in the name of John Whilehill, Esq.—'The active, able, and efficient our great founder, and to celebrate his virtues. It is Canal Commissioner. The sincere friend of Northern not only by us that he is honored; his fame extends far Pennsylvania---let those speak who know him best. beyond the confines of this hemisphere. Not only in "Well done thou good and faithful servant. England, his native country, but on the continent of Robert Faries-Élis eulogy is spoken in the great imEurope, the greatest writers have extolled him above provement constructed under his directions as well as the celebrated legislat rs of antiquity. He needs not by the merry whistle of the deliglıted boatmen, while our weak efforts to perpetrate his memory;—but ano- leisurely riding upon the production of his skill. ther object demands or exertions, and it is constantly

William Parsons, Esq.-The skilful and industrious to hold up his great cxampie to our fellow citizens mechanic; the competent and faithful officer. throughout the Union, and particularly to his beloved Samuel J. Packer, Esq.-The able, intelligent, and children, whose flourishing stale bears his name, and faithful representative of his senatorial district. His whose great city has received that of the virtue by zeal and untiring exertions in favor of the law authorizwhich he was most distinguished, Brotherly Love. By ing the improvement that has just beca finished, is still that means, we hope to be able to preserve among us fresh in our memories, and should an opportunity offer, that spirit of union, peace, and harmony, and those feel the borough of Lewisburg will prove that her citizens ings of charity and benevolence, on which William are not ungrateful. Penn laid the foundation of our State, as the surest

On motion, it was guides to happiness and prosperity.

Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be Impressed with these sentiments, permit me to pro signed by the President and Secretaries, and published. pose the following toast.

CHRISTIAN SHROYER, President. 2. The memory and example of our illustrious found- PAUL GEDDES,

} Secretaries. er, William Puns, and his favorite maxim, derived

WM. CAMEROX. from a holy source— "Peace on earth, and good will to all men.”

QUANTITY OF INDIAN CORN TO THE ACRE. 3. The memorable Elm Tree-the Tree of Virtue, The following individuals applied to the Agricultural Justice, and Truth, the only firm support of the Tree Society, in Washington county, Penn. in October, 1823, of Liberty, under whose shade we happily repose. for premiums, with authenticated evidence of the quan

4. The 24th of October. 1824, 0. s.--the day on tity raised per acre, on not less than five acres: Joseph which ihe Society was happily founded.

Evans, 136 bushels per acre-John Wolf, 127) do. do. 5. The memory of Nicolas Collin, George Fox, -Samuel Anderson, 123 bushels 12 quarts, do - Isaac and ZACCHEUS Collins, three of the eighteen who first Vanvookens, 120 do. do.— Isaac Buckingham, 118 met in honor of this day.

bushels, 1 quart, do, do.-James Clakey, 113 do. do.6. The Lenni Lenape, our predecessors in this Land Jesse Cooper, 108 do. do.-De Gross Jennings, 120 do. --their tender attachment to William Penn will ever do. endear their memory to us.

In the same year the following individuals applied to 7. New Sweden, no disparragement to the Old. the Alleghany County Agricultural Society, for premi

8. Coaquannock, our beloved city, the seat of solid ums on their crops: James Anderson, of Ross township, wealth, solid knowledge, and solid virtue.

103 bushels 17 quarts, on one acre-John Snyder, of do. 9. The memory of STEPHEN GIRARD, the benefactor 103 per acre, on five acres—John Irwin, of do. 105 of our city and state.

bushels 20 quarts, per acre, on 34 acres – Wm. M'Clure, 10. The memory of RICHARD PETERs, our late worthy 129 bushels per acre, on five acres. (Memoirs of Peana President.

sylvania Agricultural Society, vol. 6, page 228.) VOL. XII.


From the Pittsburg Gazette.

STEAM POWER IN AND NEAR PITTSBURG. We publish to day, the list of Steam Engines in and adjacent to our city, which Mr. Church politely handed us a few days ago. —There were two others, Wainright's and Fisk's, mentioned in this statement, but as neither their power, nor their consumption of coals, nor the purposes to which their power is applied, were mentioned, we have not included them in the list. There may be, and probably are, some others, in the city and adjacent to it, not embraced in this statement; and in the county we know that there are many more. Will some of our friends have the goodness to forward to us information about any which they know of not mentioned in our paper to-day?

List of Steam Engines in, and adjacent to, Piltsburg,


John Davis & Co. At the Point

15 Flour Mill Spiers & Renfrew

Penn and Water street 8 Engine Shop
Evans & M'Faden
Water street

20 Flour Mill Bemis & Co.

Engine & Machine Shop A. M'Fadden


12 Carpet Factory Smith & Minis


12 Steam Engine Factory Bakewell & Anderson


12 Glass Cutting J. & E Greer First street

8 Blowing—A Cupola Stackhouse & Thomson


16 Steam Engine Factory Job Arthurs

Second and Short street 16 John Caldwell

do Redoubt alley

8 Tanning Patterson Williams Second street

5 Turning in Wood James M'Kee


do John Gallagher

4 Turning in Metal Peterson & Wood

16 Cotton Factory
J. Robinson & Son Second and Ross streets 15 Cutting Glass
Thomas Fink

15 Boring and Turning
Maitland & Brother

Steam Distillery Leonard, Semple & Leonard do

150 Iron Works do do do

20 Wind Works Johnston & Stockton


5 Printing John Sheriff Third street

7 Brass Foundry, &c. Mahlon Rogers


8 Engine Building Thomas Freeman Watson's road & High street

15 Fire Brick Manufactory Curling, Higby & Co. Grant, between 3d & 4th sts.

7 Glass Cutting William Price Riceville

6 Cupola Andrew Watson Four Mile Run

8 Gun Powder Factory P. A. Madeira & Co. Riceville

25 White Lead do J. Smith & Co. High street

6 Wood & Metal Turnings Brackenridge & Porter Sixth street

20 W. Lead Factory J. Arthurs & Brothers Cherry alley

12 Fulling and Carding James Nelson Seventh street

8 Grinding Sickles Miltenberger & Brown Wayne do

85 Rolling Mill Avery & Ogden Penn street

White Lead Factory John Herron & Co.


20 Saw and Flour Mill

20 Saw Mill
Allegheny river

84 Water Works do


do s. Sraith & Co. Penn street

80 R. Mill and Nail Factory George Shiras, Jr. Allegheny river

4 Brewery

4 do Isaac Wickersham

40 Saw Mill Z. Packard Penn street

24 Planing Machine William Hays & Son Liberty street

5 Tannery Brown & Verner


5 Brewery Kingsland, Lightner&Cuddy Smithfield street

40 Foundry Marshall & Hawdon


6 Grinding and Lathes 1. M'Clay Diamond alley

4 Tannery Gcorge Beale Fourth street

Sewing Cotton Factory M'Kee, Clark & Co. Bayard's town

10 Oil Mill Hilary Brunot,


White Lead Factory A. B. & C. Semple & Co.

8 Tannery Adams, Allen & Co.

100 Cotton Factory Hay & Campbell

8 Glass Cutting, &c. James B. Morgan


10 Saw Mill G& J. A. Shoenberger

160 Rolling Mill

120 do and Nail Factory William Lippincott




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500 390

60 3,120


500 13,000 3,900 3,120

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Paper Mill



M'Ginn & M'Lennen Bayard's town
D. P. Ingersoll

do M'Clurg, Wade & Co.

do Geo. A. Bayard

Lawrenceville C. Lukens & Co.

do Alleghany Arsenal Oran Waters

do Hind & Howard

Allegheny town
John Witherill

Shoenberg'r. Wrenshall&Co do
Arbuckles & Avery
Blackstock, Bell & Co,

do Sylvanus Lothrop

do Smith, M'Gill & Darsie

do Brice M'Dougall

do Calhoun & Hugo

do Lamont & Co.

do - Warren

do Jacob Stroop

do J. & J. Hamnett

do William C. Miller

do H. S. Sprang & Son Pine creek Geo. Anshutz, Jr.

Pittsburg Salt Works Wetmore & Havens

do Steel do Lyon, Shorb & Co, Sligo Iron Works John Murray

Monongahela Salt Works J. & J. Patterson

Birmingham Bausman & Gelson

do Watson & Allen

do Geo. Faber & Son Walter Fortune

10 White Lead Factory
10 Hat Body do
40 Eng. Facto'y & Cannon F.
30 Saw Mill
20 For various purposes

8 Shovel and Spade Factory

Paper Mill
6 Edge Tools
94 Cotton Factory
60 Cotton & Mach. Factory
100 Cotton Factory
110 Juniata Rolling Mill
30 Saw Mill

Cuting Lath Rods
25 Flour Mill
18 Vice Factory

4 Wood Turning
10 Edge Tool Factory

8 Tannery
25 Flour Mill
160 R. Mill and Nail Factory

6 Making Salt
30 Steel Manufactory

R. Mill and Nail Factory
6 Manufacturing Salt
6 Saw Cutting and Turning
25 F. Mill and Distillery
12 Distillery

Machine Card Factory
Saddle Tree Factory


600 1,650

800 750 400 500 2,200

312 2,950 1,560 3,000 19,500


250 1,000 1,400

150 400

60 1,000 10,000 7,200

550 8,000 7,800

500 900 1,040

5 6 80 10 18 7 16 32

5 150 120 190 75 5 4 3 10

2 40 7 3 65 4 15 60

5 20 5 4


For the Gazette. in the year; which is about 30,000 bushels more than is MR. CRarG—The Pennsylvania Rolling Mill, Milten- said to be consumed by the whole 89 engines mention berger, Brown & Co. employs 47 hands, and consumes

ed in the list. 300 bushels of coal per day-power of engine, 140

As coal is so very interesting an article to every horse,

Pittsburgher; giving life, and being, and prosperity to

our manufactures, and to our city itself, and defend.

For the Gazetle. ing us, as our medical gentlemen contend, against cho Mr. CRAG-I was much interested in reading the

lera and many other calamities, the undersigned, and enumeration of steam engines in the city and county; obliged to your obliging correspondent to furnish a

probably many more of your readers would be much contained in your paper of yesterday. It is calculated statement, as nearly correct as possible, of the amount to give the stranger, and even the citizen, who looks of coal consumed at each of the establishments, men. over it attentively, new views of our business and manu. tioned in the list, per annum. factures.' If the first cost could be affixed to each es

CARCON. tablishment, and the value of its yearly product, the Our correspondent will find the omission corrected, table would present a mass of information truly inter- by a note under the editorial head—in each case the esting and valuable. With a steam power equal to that estimate is of the monthly consumption. of two thousand five hundr d and eighty horses; and two thousand one hundred han !s, daily and industrious. ly at work, what an immense amount of manufactured

PENNSYLVANIA CANAL. articles must annually be sent off, from Pittsburg, to We publish, below, two articles, in relation to the the regions north, west, and south of us!-and when business done on this great improvement, both of which our markets shall be increased and extended by the are interesting, and may be depended upon as precise. new avenues of communication we expect shortly to ly correct. The difference between the amount of see opened up to the east, the west, and the south, who tonnage going east and that coming west, is very great; can compute the trade and the wealth that will flow in and, as is properly remarked, plainly proves that our upon Pittsburg?

western trade needs some encouragement, by the reOne part of the table appears to be defective,and in some duction of tolls on produce. It is for the interest of all cases, incorrect; I allude to the statement of the amount parties—of the state, of the owner of the produce, and of coal said to be consumed by each engine. It is not of the freighter-that the tolls on dom-stic productions stated whether the amounts given are per day, week, should be reduced. If boats were compelled to go month, or year, though it is evident that many of them eastward empty, the freighter must earn enough on the will not agree to any of these times. For instance the westward trip to pay the expenses of two trips, and a Rolling Mill of Leonard, Semple, & Leonard is said to little more, or he will not pursue the business long.consume 20,000 of coal-on Barbeau's map of the city on the other band, if he makes a little on his eastward is is said to consume 666 bushels daily, which multiplied trip, he can reduce his charge for transportation westby 280 working days, will amount to 186,480 bushels' ward, and thus draw more business to the line.

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