Imágenes de páginas


procured, without difficulty, in time to be distributed to Honorary mention is due to Beaty & Arey, of Phila- the successful competitors, at the delivery of an address delphia, for various specimens of Paper Hangings, which for which the Board have made arrangements.

In closing their report, the committee would do inshow an evident improvement in this branch of Ameri

justice to their own feelings, were they to omit to mencan manufactures.

tion the great obligations, which they, in common with SHOES.

the lystitute, are under to the numerous friends who so Honorary mention is due to Samuel D. Breed, of promptly responded to their request, to act in conjuncPhiladelphia, for his Gum Elastic Shoes, with leather tion with them, as a committee of arrangement, their soles cemented to them: the judges are of opinion that attention to the arrangement of the rooms, and the manby this invention, the only disadvantage attendant on ner in which the goods were displayed, deserve conthe use of these over shoes is completely obviated. mendation and thanks.

To the gentlemen who undertook the delicate and FINE ARTS..

difficult task of Judges, the committee feel themselves 31. An extra premium is due to William J. Mullen, also under great obligations; the labour bestowed in of Philadelphia, for two gold Watch Dials. These, their examination of the articles, and the impartiality of which are said to be the first successful attempt to com- the decisions in relation to their merits, were highly crepete with foreigners in this branch of the mechanic ditable to the different committees. arts, are highly deserving of notice, for beauty of work. The depositors of goods on this occasion, have come manship, chasteness of design, and elaborate finish. forward with a spirit worthy of our highest praise; the

32. An extra premium is due to Asa Spencer, of considerable expense incurred in many cases, in sending Philadelphia, for specimens of Metal Ruling: these their productions to the exhibition, will, your commitsplendid imitations give to a flat surface an appearance tee trust, be more than compensated, by the good efof all the relief possessed by the best medals, and in so fect produced on the public mind by the rich display perfect a manner, as not to be distinguished from them, of the manufactures of our country, which such co-opewithout the nicest scrutiny.

ration alone enabled the Institute to furnish, 33. Premium No. 98 is due to S. R. Mason, of Phila- All which is respectfully submitted by delphia, for the best perspective drawing of Machine.

SAMUEL J. ROBBINS, ry: the judges speak of this in terms of high commen

WILLIAM H. KEATING, dation, both for the faithfulness of the design, and the

FREDERICK FRALEY, excellence of the execution.

M. W. BALDWIN, Honorary mention is due to Wm. D. Parrish, of Phil

JOSHUA G. HARKER, adelphia, for a perspective drawing of an Electrical Ma

ISAIAH LUKENS, chine. A very beautiful performance, which reflects

ALESANDER FERGUSON, credit on the artist.

J. HENRY BULKLEY, Honorary mention is due to William Newlan,of Phil

ALEXANDER MCLURG, adelphia, for specimens of Mould Carving, which ex

Committee on Premiums and Exhibitions, bibit excellent workmanship, and must prove highly Published by order of the Board of Managers. acceptable to all concerned in ornamental casting.


W. HAMILTON, Actuary. Honorary mention is due to John Yard, jun. of Phila.

From the Philadelphia Gazette. adelphia, for No. 428,a case of Fancy Pearl Work: the

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. judges recommend these articles to particular notice, for the skill displayed in a new branch of manufacture,

SELECT COUNCIL. and the comparatively low price for which the articles

Thursday evening, Nov. 21. exhibited are sold. Honorary mention is due to the Institution for the In; in the resolution received at the last meeting, from

The Select Council concurred with some amendments struction of the Blind, Philadelphia, for Nos, 579 and 580, six Baskets and one Guard Chain: these are consid. Common Council, authorizing, the election of trustees

of the Wills' Hospital, ed worthy of notice from their intrinsic merit, and still more so, from the proof they afford of the great value

Memorials for lighting the city with gas, presented of the Benevolent Institution, under whose auspices by sundry members, were received and referred to the they have been sent to the exhibition.

Gas Committee. Honorary mention is due to the United Society of Mr. Lewis offered the annexed resolution, after a Shakers, of New Lebanon, New York, for a variety of preamble expressive of the benefits of gas lighting over useful articles, manufactured by them, and deposited the present mode—which was laid on the table. by Gideon Cox.

"Resolved, that the Mayor of the city be authorized

to draw his warrant on the city Treasurer, upon the rePremiums were offered for several articles, of which quisition of the Gas Committee, for such sum as may be models and specimens were exhibited, but as they re: required by the said Committee, to meet the expenses quire more time to test their utility, than has elapsed to be incurred under this resolution." since the exhibition, the committee have omitted to enumerate them, but will submit a separate report on

Select Council concurred in referring to the Commit. those subjects, so soon as the judges shall have reported rope, to make inquiries as to the efficacy and utility of

tee on Gas, the proposition of sending a person to Eu. to them.

From the great extent of the catalogue of the exhi- gas-lighting in the principal cities. bition, the committee are reluctantly compelled to omit

On motion of Mr. Groves, the Select Council pro. mentioning in their report, many valuable and interest-ceeded to the Common Council Chamber, to elect a ing articles which enriched the collection; but as the re.

Trustee of the Girard College, in the place of John Steel, ports of the judges will probably be published, which in Esq. resigned. In joint session, Messrs. Lewis and many instances treat of the articles in detail, and speak Yarnall were appointed tellers.

On counting the balof them with justice and candor, it is believed that a lots, it was found that Josialı Randall Esq. was unani. more particular report from this committee would be mously elected, unnecessary.

On motion of Mr. Price, the council proceeded to The medals which are recommended by the commit- the consideration and adoption of the several passages tee to be awarded by the Board, they believe can be of the ordinance in relation to Standing Committees, all





of which, with the exception of the first and amend tinguished themselves by important services to the rement of others, were adopted.

public. The preamble and resolution in relation to the re. Therefore, resolved, that the Select and Common Counception of the Hon. Henry Clay, received from Comcils of the city of Philadelphia, will wait upon Mr. Cliy, mon Council, were received and concurred in, after during his sojourn in the city, with a view oftendering to adding to the joint Committee the names of the Presi- him as a distinguished public benefactor, their respectdents of both Councils.

ful salutations, and that a Committee of three members

of each Council be appointed to wait on Mr. Clay, and COMMON COUNCIL.

ascertain the time when it will be convenient for him Petitions in favor of lighting the city with Gas, were to receive the Councils, and also to tender him the use presented by Messrs Yarnall, Firtlı, Toland, Hutchin- of Independence Hall, in which to receive his fellow son, Warner, McMullin, Darragh, Wright, Smith, Rob. citizens. bins, Chandler, Lancaster, Gilder, and Kirk, amounting

Dr. Huston made some remarks in opposition to the in all to 45 petitions, and signed by 1920 citizens. Re-resolution. He said he yielded to no man in sentiments ferred to the Committee on Gas.

of respect and esteem for Mr. Clay; he had admired Dr. Huston presented a petition, signed by a number him as a statesman, and a man of extraordinary talent, of respectable citizens, praying Councils to send an from his youth upward; he still admired him, and would agent to Europe, for the purpose of making full inquiry be as prompt as any one in showing him every possible into the subject of Gas, its advantages and disadvanta-attention. He considered, however, that to adopt this ges, &c. Referred to the Committee on Gas.

resolution, would be setting a bad precedent; it would Mr. Gilder presented a memorial from Mr. C. Wes- be an example of which injudicious use might be made ner, stating that he had discovered a method by which other public men, less deserving, in visiting our city, summer strained oil may be made to burn as freely as might expect similar attentions, and if withheld, they winter strained, in the winter season, and asking Coun would feel themselves slighted. There would be also cils to appoint a committee to confer with him on the a difference of opinion, as regards the worth of distin. subject. Laid on the table.

guished men, and the propriety of offering official Mr. Kirk presented a petition for grasling Clay street, marks of respect, such as were then suggested. Dr. running from Beach street to the river Schuylkiil, which H. remarked that it was proposed to receive Mr. Clay,

not as a Senator or public officer, but simply as a citiwas referred to the Paving Committee.

The respect paid to him ought to come spontaMr. Kirk presented a petition praying for the intro- neously from the people. Counciis, as an official body, duction of the Schuylkill water in the section of the city were not called upon to pay him official respect, when south of Chesnut anii west of Schuylkill Front street.

he appeared in his private capacity. Dr. H. acted in Referred to the Watering Committee.

this manner as a member of Councils—not for himself, Mr. Chandler, from the Committee to whom had but for his constituents. The question was not one of been re-committed the bill for establishing an effective personal feeling, and his objections arose not from hossystem of Police, reported the same with amendments. tility to the man whom it was proposed to honor-he The committee have reduced the number of beats from had not backslided-but he opposed the resolution sim120 to 100, and the number of police men from 240 to ply because he considered any official action on the sub200. It was stated that by the alteration, the expenseject by Councils inexpedient. of the whole system will be diminished to about Mr. Chandler replied, in a speech of some length, $84,000, or a sum about double the cost of the present delivered with much force and feeling. He contended system. The bill was called up for discussion, and supported the measure were right in itself, it ought to be adopt

that precedent had nothing to do with the matter. If by Mr. Chandler, who offered some remarks, showing ed-if wrong it ought to be rejected. It had nothing the inefficiency of the present system, and the great ad. to do with any thing else but the case in hand. If other vantages which would arise from the adoption of the citizens, equally distinguished, and possessing equal one then proposed-advantages of far greater import: claims upon our respect, should hereafter visit us, the ance than the increase of expense which they would propriety of measures of this kind, would then, and not involve. Dr. Huston opposed the bill, by contending till then, be a proper subject of discussion. We desire that the proposed system involved too great an expense in this instance, said Mr. C., to do honor to a statesman

- that the system i' self was imperfect, not fully carried who has always supported l'ennsylvania principlesout, and involved a labor and fatigue to the police men, who is known and admired throughout the whole counwhich were entirely too great for human nature to bear. try, as a distinguished advocate of Liberty—who has He believed the present system of guarding the city done the country many important public services, who very inefficient, but alleged that it might be greatly im in contending for the rights and interests of his fellow proved with but little trouble.

citizens, has ever been foremost in battle. Such a man The further consideration of the bill was then post- as Mr. Clay, in Rome, would have been immortalized. poned.

Ile s'ands higher for good, than any distinguished Ro. Mr. Chandler, from the Committee on Washington man ever did for greatness. Mr. C. could see no imsquare, to whom had been referred a communication propriety in the measures proposed. Upon Mr. C.'s from the Washington Monument Committee, on the arrival in New York and Albany, the city authorities subject of a plan for a Monument, designed by Mr. had been prompt in showing him every respect, and Strickland, reported in favor thereof, and recommended surely the authorities of Philadelphia ought not to be its adoption by Councils. The cost of the Monument behind them. is estimated at 375,000. Laid on the table.

After some remarks by Dr. Huston, in reply, the Mr. Chandler offered a resolution, instructing the question was taken, and the preamble and resolution Paving Committee to inquire into the expediency of unanimously adopted. The President appointed the grading the streets in the western part of the city, with following Committee, Messrs. Chandler, Warner, and a view of using the earth that may be taken therefrom. Firth. Select Council appointed Messrs. Eyre, Lewis, Adopted.

and McCreedy. Mr. Chandler offered the following preamble and resolution:

Thursday evening, Nov. 28, 1833. Whereas, as it is understood that the Hon. HENDY

SELECT COUNCIL. CLAY, is about to visit this city, and whereas, it is con The President read a communication from Britain ceived to be meet to do honor to citizens who have diso | Cooper, Treasurer of the Girard Fund, suggesting to Councils the necessity of an appropriation to defray ex- it expedient to give a detailed account of their proceed. penses attending the Girard lands, out of Philadelphia ings. The lot on which the Hospital is built, is situat. county. Referred to the committee on the subject. ed on the south side of Sassafras street, directly oppo

Mr. Worrell presented a petition from the officers of site Logan Square, and extends from Sassafras to Cher. the Fifth Baptist Church, in Sansom street, praying for ry streets, and from Fourth to Fifth streets from Schuyl. the erection of a patent reflecting lamp, in front of the kill; it was purchased for the sum of twenty thousand

dollars. church; oil to be supplied by the city. Referred to a special committee.

On the 10th of January, 1832, the councils adopted Mr. Lippincott, from the committee on the Wills' Hos. Walter; and referred the same to this committee for

the design for the Hospital, furnished by Thomas U. pital, presented a report giving a detailed account of

execution. the erection of the Hospital, a description of the build

On the 24th of February, they appointed Mr. Waling, with a statement of the whole expenditures, which

ter, architect, was ordered to be printed.

Preliminary arrangements were then made for com. Mr. Wetherill presented a number of petitions, sign. mencing the building in the spring; and on the second ed by 803 citizens, in favor of lighting the city with day of April, 1832, the corner stone was laid in the pregas, which were referred to the committee on that sub- sence of the committee. ject.

At a meeting held on the 13th of April, a sub-com. COMMON COUNCIL.

mittee of three members was appointed to superintend A communication was received from Josiah Randall, the construction of the Hospital.' This committee have declining to accept the appointment of trustee of the attended weekly at the work, and have paid the ese Girard College. His resignation was accepted, and an penses incurred in executing the design; hy orders election sub-equently gone into by Councils in joint bal- drawn upon the Mayor and City Treasurer, they being lot, to supply the vacancy; the ballot resulted in the trustees of the estate of the late James Wills. choice of Henry J. Williams.

The following account of the state of the funds is

submitted for the information of Councils. Mr. Hutchinson presented a petition from Michael A.

On the 24th of May, 1831, the residue of the Estate Cline, praying Councils to release a certain lot which he held on ground rent, from the judgment given him as it consisted of stocks at par value,

was paid to the Mayor and City Treasurer. On that day tax collector. Petition granted.

$98,907 29 Cash

6,789 06 Messrs. Smith and Huston presented sundry petitions Real Estate cost

2,700 00 in favor of lighting the city with gas. Referred to the committee who have charge of that subject.

$108,396 35 A petition was presented from Robert Earp and oth- Since which time the estate has accuers, praying that Ashton street, from Arch to Filbert,

mulated as follows: may be levelled and regulated. Referred.

Rents on Real Estate, &c.

750 70 Mr. Huston offered a resolution empowering the

Interest on Stocks

10,165 56 committee on Gas to send a suitable person to Europe, Gain on sale of stocks above par value, for the purpose of collecting information on the subject

ihese sales being made to meet the of lighting large towns with Gas. Laid on the table.

expenses of the building,

3,040 47 Sale of refuse materials,

295 49 On motion of Mr. Chandler, Councils proceeded to the election of 18 managers of the Wills' Hospital. The

$122,548 57 following was the result:

Out of which there has been paid:
For lot

20,000 00
Charles Stout,
Michael McGrath,

Premium on plans, taxes,
Dr. J. R. Paul,
James Cresson,

drawing deed, &c. 381 12
Andrew M. Jones,
Thomas Snowden.

Cost of filling up lot, fencing,

constructing culvert to car

ry off the water from the Wm. Vorrison, Joseph Aken,

house, &c.

7,461 55 Isaac Elliot,

Benjamin H. Yarnall, Expense of building the Hos. Samuel Spacksman, Frederick Erringer,


29,361 22 57,203 69 Robert Flemming; George Ralston,

Leaving a balance of

$65,344 88 Dr. Joseph Parrish, Wm. T. Smith,

This fund is now invested as follows:
Ephraim Haines,
Daniel Groves.

In United States 5 per cent.

Mr. Kirk presented a petitior from the Little Schuyl. In City 5 percent. loan, 14,000
kill Coal Company, offering to rent for a term of years, In Real Estate in the N. Li.
certain city property on the Schuylkill, provided it berties,

2,700 were slightly improved. Referred.

Balance in the hands of the Mr. Smith presented a communication, recommend- Treasurer, not invested 1,644 88 ing the adoption of Mr. Trautwine's plan of a Washington Monument, in the place of that by Mr. Strickland,

$65,344 88 which will cost $25,000 less. Laid on the table. The annual income arising from the aforesaid Stocks

$3,120 To the Select and Common Councils of Philadelphia. From the real estate after deducting taxes,




$3,220 That the Hospital erected under their direction, and Out of which there is an annuity of $200 to be paid in accordance with the last will and testament of the to Rachel Wise, during her natural life, leaving for the late James Wills, is now completed.

support of the Institution, the sum of $3,020 per anAs no official report has been made to the councils, num. since the first appointment of this committee, they deem The Hospital is sufficiently spacious for the accom




amounts to




modation of about seventy persons, together with the Fire Insurance Co.'s Office; the policy is deposited requisite attendants; it is 80 feet front, by 50 feet deep; with the City Treasurer. having a piazza on the south side, 80 feet long, by 12 All the accounts pertaining to the construction of feet wide; the floor of this piazza is on the same plan the Hospital have been fairly kept, in books provided with the floor of the principal story, the space below for the purpose, which books, (having been properly forms part of the kitchen.

balanced and closed,) are deposited in the hands of the The building consists of a basement story, having an City Treasurer, together with all the papers pertaining elevation of 8 feet above the surface of the ground; a principal story of 15 feet in height, and an upper story

The Committee are gratified in having it in their powof 12 feet elevation, the whole is crowned with an attic er to say, that the Wills' Hospital is a strong, substanof 24 feet in width, by 80 feet in length.

tial, and well built house, the materials are of the best stone; it is ornamented with 6 lonic Pílasters, support- unnecessary to pass an eulogium on the memory of The front on Sassafras street, is composed of sand quality, and well put together.

In concluding this report, the Committee deem it ing a proportionate entablature and pediment.

James Wills, for his bountiful donation, to a charity The front door is in the principal story, and is ap. which must be highly approved by every benevolent proached by means of a flight of steps, surmounted by and philanthropic mind; and much as we regret, that a Grecian Ionic Portico of four columns, the whole of the sum left for the support of the institution, is not which is composed of the same material as the rest of sufficient to relieve the sufferings of as many of the afthe front.

Alicted as could be wished. We fondly hope, that other The remaining part of the building is composed of of our fellow citizens, prompted by like charitable feel. rubble stone, and roughcast in imitation of the front. ings towards the unfortunate subjects who are intended

The whole interior arrangement of the house is di- to participate in the advantages of this institution, will vided into two parts, one for males and the other for laudably contribute towards increasing the means of its females,

support; which must be acknowledged by all to be of 'The basement story contains

that nature, which is calculated to excite the feelings A kitchen 27 by 32 feet,

of the truly benevolent. Two dining rooms, each 21 by 32 feet,

All of which is respectfully submitted. Two pantries, each 10 by 14 feet,

JOSHUA LIPPINCOTT. Two bathrooms, each 10 by 14 feet,

DANIEL GROVES, Ascullery, 11 by 20 feet, and

JOSEPH WORRELL, A cellar for fuel, 11 by 20 feet.

R. M'MULLIN, The Schuylkill water is introduced into two bath.

ENOCH ROBBINS, rooms, the scullery and the yard, the whole of this sto

R. M. HUSTON, ry is arched,

The principal story contains

Philadelphia, Nov. 28, 1833.
A steward's office, 16 by 21 feet,
A steward's parlor, 16 by 21 feet,

A vestibule, 11 by 21 teet,
A chapel, 21 by 32 feet, and

(Continued from page 345.) Six dormitories, each 10 by 15 feet,

Miscellaneous Facis. The upper story contains

Edward Pennington, the Second Surveyor General A chamber for steward, 16 by 21 feet,

of the province, died on the 10th of January, 1701.A chamber for domestics, 16 by 21 feet,

Thiereupon, An infirmary, 21 by 32 feet,

The commissioners of property resolved, That no Seven dormitories, each 10 by 15 feet,

such officer be appointed until the pleasure of the proAnd one dormitory, 11 by 21 feet.

prietor be known. The attic story is divided into two rooms, each 24 by

That the said office with all the books, records, war. 38 feet.

rants, and papers helonging thereto, shall be taken inThe stairways of the basement, and principal stories, to the commissioners' hinds, and remain under their are composed of marble, with iron railings.

care, and that the secretary shall chiefly superintend The whole building is heated by means of two fur. the same, with an able and fit hand, well skilled in surnaces placed in the cellar: the warm air is conveyed in: veying. to every room in the house, through Aues constructed That Jacob Taylor, now concerned in a school at Abin the walls for the purpose.

ington, be invited to take the management of said of. The committee have made use of these furnaces for fice under the secretary. drying the building, and they find them to answer the All warrants to be directed to the several surveyors purpose effectually.

of the respective counties, to be returned into the surIn addition to this mode of heating, fire places were veyor's office, at Philadelphia. constructed in all the dormitories, for purposes of ven That only copies of the warrants shall be sent into the tilation, and to resort to, in case of accident with the country, attested by the secretary, and the original refurnaces.

main in the office as before, and be entered on the The whole building, including the south piazza, is books, and every original warrant shall express that roofed with copper.

the original shall remain in the surveyor's office in Phil. When the house was commenced, the lot was several adelphia, Book C, D, 64. feet below the level of the surrounding streets, this the The proprietor had mortgaged the province, by committee have filled up, and leveled for purposes of deeds of lease and release, dated the 6th and 7th of Ocgardening; they have also had a good and substantial tober, 1708, to Henry Gouldney, Joshua Gee, Sylvanus board fence put around the whole square, excepting Grove, John Woods, Thomas Callowhill, Thomas Oade, about 120 feet directly in front of the building; this is and Jeffery Pinnel, with power to sell, &c. secured by a strong iron railing, placed upon a wall two On the ninth of November, 1711, William Penn exfeet high, composed of cut stone, forming a quadrant ecuted a commission to Edward Shippen, Samuel Carfrom each corner of the front steps, extending to the penter, Richard Hill, Isaac Norris, and James Logan, line of the street; the building recedes 50 feet from as commissioners of property, with the same powers, said line.

and in the same terms, as the commission of October, The committee have had a perpetual insurance of 1701. $8000 effected upon the building, in the Pennsylvania The mortgagees, by deed, dated November 10th,

1711, empower the same commissioners to collect rents, ny sterling an acre, quit-rent, which continued until grant and confirm lands, &c. (Book H.)

1765, excepting a variation about, and between the There was no Surveyor General from the 10th of Ja- years 1761 and'1763, when warrants were issued at nine nuary, 1701, until the beginning of March, 1706—7, pounds a hundred acres; but the quit-rent was increased when Jacob Taylor was appointed, who continued un. tu one penny sterling an acre. In the warrants issued til Benjamin Eastburne was appointed, on or about the under the authority of the trustees of the province, af 29th of October, 1733, who continued until 1741. Wilo ter the year 1719, the terms were, most commonly ten liam Parson's commission as Surveyor General, bears pounds, and one shilling quit-rent, for one hundred date, August 22d, 1741. His successor, Nicholas acres; and then the warrants are for the first time ex. Scull, was appointed in the beginning of 1748. John pressed to be under the less seal of the province, which Lukens, who succeeded bim, was appointed in Decem- was continued afterwards, and the reservation is, (varyber, 1761, and continued by re-appointment under the ing the expressions) for the use of the trustees of the commonwealth, until his death, in 1789.

province," or "for the use of the proprietary trustees," Daniel Broadhead was appointed 3d of November, It has generally been supposed, that the land office 1789, and continued by re-appointments until 23d of was closed from the year 1718, when William Peng April, 1800.

died, until the arrival of Thomas Penn in the year 1732. Samuel Cochran was appointed 23d of April, 1800. With respect to the lands on the east side of Susque. Andrew Porter was appointed April 4th, 1809. hanna, this needs some observations. Warrants appear

A tract of land, called the Welsh tract, containing to have been issued during the whole time, almost withforty thousand acres, was surveyed by virtue of a war- out interruption, and in very great numbers. In May, rant dated March 13tlı, 1684. The object of it was to 1719, warrants began to issue for taking up lands, unaccommodate the settlers, who came from Wales, and der the less seul, paying, as before stated, “to the use desired to be seated together. It appears, however, of the trustees of the province.” As to the proprietafrom the early records, that they were not numerous ryship, it is well known, it was some time in controverenough to occupy the whole of it; but they applied to sy, and the will of William Penn was finally established, the commissioners of property for liberty to appropriate and the right declared to be in the younger branch of it all; but the commissioners insisted on interest and his family. It is true, that from 1720 to 1730, the war. quit-rents from the date of the warrant, which they did rants were generally to survey old rights, and city lots; not accede to. The unsettled part of it was therefore but there are some new warrants between thuse perileft open to other purchasers, and many warrants were ods, and the warrant for lands at Oley, above mentionafterwards issued to survey lands within its bounds. ed, at the price of fifteen pounds a hundred, was issued

There was no uniform frame of warrants in early in 1730. But on the west side of the Susquehanna the times. Previous to the year 1733, they continued this lands were not then purchased, and no other right to clause, “If not seated by the Indians;" but in the war them was vested in the proprietaries, except so far as rants issued by Thomas Penn, this clause was omitted. Dongan's deed, subsequently confirmed, as we have

In the warrants issued by Thomas Penn, especially seen, may have been supposed to have given a right to for lands within manors, an entire new clause appears the lands on both sides of Susquehanna, to an indefinite to have been introduced: viz. “to pay a year's rent at extent. But the terms of the confirming deed of 1700, every alienation;" but in those rights which were taken for the lands on both sides of the river, are “pest adout at fifteen pounds ten shillings for one hundred joining to the same;" and the lands were not clearly acres, this clause was omitted.

purchased until 1736. flowever this may be considerIn inany warrants it is expressed that the warrantee ed, we nevertheless' find from the records, that Sir Wil. should forth with fulfil the terms, or the warrant to be liam Keith, in 1722, with consent of the Indians, as it is void; but most generally, it runs thus, " That the pur- said, had a survey made for bimself on the west side of chaser should comply with the terms within six monts, the river; which survey is recognized in, and is one of or the warrant should be void.” And in the earliest the boundaries of the first survey of the Springetsbury times, interest is made to commence from the time of manor; the warrant for which issued on the 18th of any settlement, or improvement.

June, 1722, and recites it to the request of the Indians, The terms of sale were equally irregular and uncer- that a large tract of land, right over against their towns tain. As the commissioners had authority to grant lands, on Susquehanna, might be surveyed for the proprietors for such surns and quit-rents, as to them, or any three use only, &c. The warrant of re-survey, of May 21st, of them, should seem just and reasonable; so there was 1702, recites, among other things, that sundry Germans no uniforın system before the year 1732. Not only the and others, afterwards seated themselves by leave of prices, but the quit-rents were various. The warrants the proprietors, on divers parts of the said manor, but sometimes expressed the terms of the contract; but very confirmation of their titles was delayed, on account of frequently did not. In many cases the quit rents to be the Indian claim-and that after the purchase o! 1736, paid are inserted in the warrants, without purchase mo- licenses were given to them, (called Blunston's licenses) ney; and from the variety, and amount of quit-rents in the w ole granted to be about 12,000 acres. The several cases, it would appear as if the grant had been whole of this transaction may be seen in 4 Dallas, 402, without purchase money. Before the year 1713, five 10 410: (Pem's lessee and Kline,) in the report of pounds a hundred acres, and a bushel of wheat, more which it is said, that the original warrant and survey frequently one shilling sterling, quit-rent, were the could not be returned into the land office at that time, common terms, and called new terms. In 1713, lands because the land office continued shut from the death were granted at seven pounds, ten pounds, and fifteen of William Penu in 1718, until the arrival of T. Penn, pounds a hundred acres, and the coinmon quit rent of in 1732.” The report also states, That I homas Penn, one shilling sterling. From 1712 to 1715, lands at having purchased ihe Indian claim to the land, empow. Oley, and at Conestogoe, were granted at ten pounds ered Samuel Blunston to grant licences for 12,000 a hundred; but the quit-rents varied; in some cases one acres, to satisfy the rights of the settlers, &c. These shilling sterling a hundred acres; in others, a half-pen- licenses, or rather promises to the settlers to grant them ny, and a penny sterling, an acre. In 1730, lands at patents for the lands they had settleci, are signed by oley are charged at fifteen pounds a hundred acres; Thomas Penn, himself, when at Lancaster, October 30th, and in some scattered cases, appearing in the records, | 1736. the price was still higher. No connected view can there.

It may be suggested, that there were other reasons fore be given of the custom of the Land Office in this why the survey was not returned into the land office, respect, previsus to the year 1732. From thai time a at that, or any oiher time. (Unimportant indeed as to system begins to appear; and the fixed price was fitteen the title, after its recognition and warrant of re-survey pounds ten shillings a hundred acres, and one halt-pen. in 1702.) The warrant itself was not issued from the

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