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PAPER HANGINGS.

Honorary mention is due to Beaty & Arey, of Philadelphia, for various specimens of Paper Hangings, which show an evident improvement in this branch of Ameri can manufactures.

SHOES.

Honorary mention is due to Samuel D. Breed, of Philadelphia, for his Gum Elastic Shoes, with leather soles cemented to them: the judges are of opinion that by this invention, the only disadvantage attendant on the use of these over shoes is completely obviated.

FINE ARTS..

31. An extra premium is due to William J. Mullen, of Philadelphia, for two gold Watch Dials. These, which are said to be the first successful attempt to compete with foreigners in this branch of the mechanic arts, are highly deserving of notice, for beauty of workmanship, chasteness of design, and elaborate finish.

32. An extra premium is due to Asa Spencer, of Philadelphia, for specimens of Metal Ruling: these splendid imitations give to a flat surface an appearance of all the relief possessed by the best medals, and in so perfect a manner, as not to be distinguished from them, without the nicest scrutiny.

33. Premium No. 98 is due to S. R. Mason, of Philadelphia, for the best perspective drawing of Machinery: the judges speak of this in terms of high commendation, both for the faithfulness of the design, and the excellence of the execution.

Honorary mention is due to Wm. D. Parrish, of Philadelphia, for a perspective drawing of an Electrical Machine. A very beautiful performance, which reflects credit on the artist.

Honorary mention is due to William Newlan, of Philadelphia, for specimens of Mould Carving, which exhibit excellent workmanship, and must prove highly acceptable to all concerned in ornamental casting.

FANCY ARTICLES.

Honorary mention is due to John Yard, jun. of Philaadelphia, for No. 428,a case of Fancy Pearl Work: the judges recommend these articles to particular notice, for the skill displayed in a new branch of manufacture, and the comparatively low price for which the articles exhibited are sold.

Honorary mention is due to the Institution for the Instruction of the Blind, Philadelphia, for Nos. 579 and 580, six Baskets and one Guard Chain: these are consid. ed worthy of notice from their intrinsic merit, and still more so, from the proof they afford of the great value of the Benevolent Institution, under whose auspices they have been sent to the exhibition.

Honorary mention is due to the United Society of Shakers, of New Lebanon, New York, for a variety of useful articles, manufactured by them, and deposited by Gideon Cox.

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procured, without difficulty, in time to be distributed to the successful competitors, at the delivery of an address for which the Board have made arrangements.

In closing their report, the committee would do injustice to their own feelings, were they to omit to mention the great obligations, which they, in common with the Institute, are under to the numerous friends who so promptly responded to their request, to act in conjunction with them, as a committee of arrangement, their attention to the arrangement of the rooms, and the manner in which the goods were displayed, deserve commendation and thanks.

To the gentlemen who undertook the delicate and difficult task of Judges, the committee feel themselves also under great obligations; the labour bestowed in their examination of the articles, and the impartiality of the decisions in relation to their merits, were highly creditable to the different committees.

The depositors of goods on this occasion, have come forward with a spirit worthy of our highest praise; the considerable expense incurred in many cases, in sending their productions to the exhibition, will, your committee trust, be more than compensated, by the good effect produced on the public mind by the rich display of the manufactures of our country, which such co-operation alone enabled the Institute to furnish. All which is respectfully submitted by SAMUEL J. ROBBINS, WILLIAM H. KEATING, FREDERICK FRALEY, M. W. BALDWIN, JOSHUA G. HARKER, ISAIAH LUKENS, ALEXANDER FERGUSON, J. HENRY BULKLEY, ALEXANDER M'CLURG, Committee on Premiums and Exhibitions. Published by order of the Board of Managers. ALEX. DALLAS BACHE, Ch'n. W. HAMILTON, Actuary.

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On motion of Mr. Price, the council proceeded to the consideration and adoption of the several passages of the ordinance in relation to Standing Committees, all

of which, with the exception of the first and amend- tinguished themselves by important services to the rement of others, were adopted."

public.

The preamble and resolution in relation to the re- Therefore, resolved, that the Select and Common Counception of the Hon. Henry Clay, received from Comcils of the city of Philadelphia, will wait upon Mr. Chy, mon Council, were received and concurred in, after during his sojourn in the city, with a view of tendering to adding to the joint Committee the names of the Presi-him as a distinguished public benefactor, their respectdents of both Councils. ful salutations, and that a Committee of three members of each Council be appointed to wait on Mr. Clay, and ascertain the time when it will be convenient for him to receive the Councils, and also to tender him the use of Independence Hall, in which to receive his fellow citizens.

COMMON COUNCIL.

Petitions in favor of lighting the city with Gas, were presented by Messrs Yarnall, Firth, Toland, Hutchinson, Warner, McMullin, Darragh, Wright, Smith, Robbins, Chandler, Lancaster, Gilder, and Kirk, amounting in all to 45 petitions, and signed by 1920 citizens. ferred to the Committee on Gas.

Dr. Huston made some remarks in opposition to the Re-resolution. He said he yielded to no man in sentiments of respect and esteem for Mr. Clay; he had admired him as a statesman, and a man of extraordinary talent, from his youth upward; he still admired him, and would be as prompt as any one in showing him every possible attention. He considered, however, that to adopt this resolution, would be setting a bad precedent; it would be an example of which injudicious use might be made other public men, less deserving, in visiting our city, might expect similar attentions, and if withheld, they would feel themselves slighted. There would be also a difference of opinion, as regards the worth of distinguished men, and the propriety of offering official marks of respect, such as were then suggested. Dr. H. remarked that it was proposed to receive Mr. Clay, not as a Senator or public officer, but simply as a citizen. The respect paid to him ought to come sponta

Dr. Huston presented a petition, signed by a number of respectable citizens, praying Councils to send an agent to Europe, for the purpose of making full inquiry into the subject of Gas, its advantages and disadvantages, &c. Referred to the Committee on Gas.

Mr. Gilder presented a memorial from Mr. C. Wesner, stating that he had discovered a method by which summer strained oil may be made to burn as freely as winter strained, in the winter season, and asking Councils to appoint a committee to confer with him on the subject. Laid on the table.

Mr. Kirk presented a petition for grading Clay street, running from Beach street to the river Schuylkill, which was referred to the Paving Committee. Mr. Kirk presented a petition praying for the intro-neously from the people. Councils, as an official body, duction of the Schuylkill water in the section of the city were not called upon to pay him official respect, when south of Chesnut and west of Schuylkill Front street. he appeared in his private capacity. Dr. H. acted in Referred to the Watering Committee. this manner as a member of Councils-not for himself, but for his constituents. The question was not one of personal feeling, and his objections arose not from hostility to the man-whom it was proposed to honor-he had not backslided—but he opposed the resolution simply because he considered any official action on the subject by Councils inexpedient.

Mr. Chandler, from the Committee to whom had been re-committed the bill for establishing an effective system of Police, reported the same with amendments. The committee have reduced the number of beats from 120 to 100, and the number of police men from 240 to 200. It was stated that by the alteration, the expense of the whole system will be diminished to about $84,000, or a sum about double the cost of the present system.

The bill was called up for discussion, and supported by Mr. Chandler, who offered some remarks, showing the inefficiency of the present system, and the great advantages which would arise from the adoption of the one then proposed-advantages of far greater import: ance than the increase of expense which they would involve. Dr. Huston opposed the bill, by contending that the proposed system involved too great an expense -that the system i'self was imperfect, not fully carried out, and involved a labor and fatigue to the police men, which were entirely too great for human nature to bear. He believed the present system of guarding the city very inefficient, but alleged that it might be greatly im proved with but little trouble.

The further consideration of the bill was then postponed.

Mr. Chandler, from the Committee on Washington square, to whom had been referred a communication from the Washington Monument Committee, on the subject of a plan for a Monument, designed by Mr Strickland, reported in favor thereof, and recommended its adoption by Councils. The cost of the Monument is estimated at $75,000. Laid on the table.

Mr. Chandler offered a resolution, instructing the Paving Committee to inquire into the expediency of grading the streets in the western part of the city, with a view of using the earth that may be taken therefrom. | Adopted.

Mr. Chandler offered the following preamble and resolution:

Mr. Chandler replied, in a speech of some length, delivered with much force and feeling. He contended that precedent had nothing to do with the matter. If the measure were right in itself, it ought to be adopted-if wrong it ought to be rejected. It had nothing to do with any thing else but the case in hand. If other citizens, equally distinguished, and possessing equal claims upon our respect, should hereafter visit us, the propriety of measures of this kind, would then, and not till then, be a proper subject of discussion. We desire in this instance, said Mr. C., to do honor to a statesman who has always supported Pennsylvania principleswho is known and admired throughout the whole country, as a distinguished advocate of Liberty-who has done the country many important public services, who in contending for the rights and interests of his fellow citizens, has ever been foremost in battle. Such a man as Mr. Clay, in Rome, would have been immortalized. He s'ands higher for good, than any distinguished Roman ever did for greatness. Mr. C. could see no impropriety in the measures proposed. Upon Mr. C.'s arrival in New York and Albany, the city authorities had been prompt in showing him every respect, and surely the authorities of Philadelphia ought not to be behind them.

After some remarks by Dr. Huston, in reply, the question was taken, and the preamble and resolution unanimously adopted. The President appointed the following Committee, Messrs. Chandler, Warner, and Firth. Select Council appointed Messrs. Eyre, Lewis, and McCreedy.

Thursday evening, Nov. 28, 1833. SELECT COUNCIL.

Whereas, as it is understood that the Hon. HENDY CLAY, is about to visit this city, and whereas, it is con

The President read a communication from Britain

ceived to be meet to do honor to citizens who have dis- | Cooper, Treasurer of the Girard Fund, suggesting to

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A petition was presented from Robert Earp and oth- Since which time the estate has accuers, praying that Ashton street, from Arch to Filbert, may be levelled and regulated. Referred.

mulated as follows:

Michael McGrath,
James Cresson,
Thomas Snowden.

FOR TWO YEARS.

Joseph Aken.
Benjamin H. Yarnall,
Frederick Erringer,

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it expedient to give a detailed account of their proceedings. The lot on which the Hospital is built, is situated on the south side of Sassafras street, directly opposite Logan Square, and extends from Sassafras to Cherry streets, and from Fourth to Fifth streets from Schuylkill; it was purchased for the sum of twenty thousand

dollars.

Mr. Smith presented a communication, recommending the adoption of Mr. Trautwine's plan of a Washington Monument, in the place of that by Mr. Strickland, which will cost $25,000 less. Laid on the table.

On the 10th of January, 1832, the councils adopted Walter; and referred the same to this committee for the design for the Hospital, furnished by Thomas U.

execution.

On the 24th of February, they appointed Mr. Walter, architect.

As no official report has been made to the councils, since the first appointment of this committee, they deem

Preliminary arrangements were then made for commencing the building in the spring; and on the second day of April, 1832, the corner stone was laid in the pre

sence of the committee.

At a meeting held on the 13th of April, a sub-committee of three members was appointed to superintend the construction of the Hospital. This committee have attended weekly at the work, and have paid the expenses incurred in executing the design; by orders drawn upon the Mayor and City Treasurer, they being trustees of the estate of the late James Wills.

The following account of the state of the funds is submitted for the information of Councils.

was paid to the Mayor and City Treasurer. On that day On the 24th of May, 1831, the residue of the Estate it consisted of stocks at par value,

$98,907 29 6,789 06 2,700 00

$108,396 35

Cash

Real Estate cost

Rents on Real Estate, &c.
Interest on Stocks

Gain on sale of stocks above par value,
these sales being made to meet the
expenses of the building,
Sale of refuse materials,

Out of which there has been paid:
For lot

20,000 00

381 12

Premium on plans, taxes,
drawing deed, &c.
Cost of filling up lot, fencing,
constructing culvert to car-
ry off the water from the
house, &c.

7,461 35

29,361 22

Expense of building the Hos-
pital

Leaving a balance of

This fund is now invested as follows:

In United States 5 per cent.

loan,

In City 5 percent. loan,
In Real Estate in the N. Li-
berties,

Balance in the hands of the
Treasurer, not invested

$47,000
14,000

2,700

1,644 88

750 70 10,165 56

3,040 47 195 49

$122,548 57

amounts to

To the Select and Common Councils of Philadelphia. From the real estate after deducting taxes,

&c.

THE COMMITTEE ON "WILLS' LEGACY" RE

PORT,

That the Hospital erected under their direction, and in accordance with the last will and testament of the late James Wills, is now completed.

57,203 69 $65,344 88

$65,344 88

The annual income arising from the aforesaid Stocks

$3,120

100

Making

$3,220

Out of which there is an annuity of $200 to be paid to Rachel Wise, during her natural life, leaving for the support of the Institution, the sum of $3,020 per annum.

The Hospital is sufficiently spacious for the accom

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A chamber for steward, 16 by 21 feet,

A chamber for domestics, 16 by 21 feet,
An infirmary, 21 by 32 feet,

Seven dormitories, each 10 by 15 feet,
And one dormitory, 11 by 21 feet.
The attic story is divided into two rooms, each 24 by
38 feet.

Fire Insurance Co.'s Office; the policy is deposited with the City Treasurer.

The stairways of the basement, and principal stories, are composed of marble, with iron railings.

The whole building is heated by means of two furnaces placed in the cellar: the warm air is conveyed into every room in the house, through flues constructed in the walls for the purpose.

The committee have made use of these furnaces for drying the building, and they find them to answer the purpose effectually.

In addition to this mode of heating, fire places were constructed in all the dormitories, for purposes of ven tilation, and to resort to, in case of accident with the furnaces.

All the accounts pertaining to the construction of the Hospital have been fairly kept, in books provided for the purpose, which books, (having been properly balanced and closed,) are deposited in the hands of the City Treasurer, together with all the papers pertaining to the building.

The Committee are gratified in having it in their power to say, that the Wills' Hospital is a strong, substantial, and well built house, the materials are of the best quality, and well put together.

unnecessary to pass an eulogium on the memory of In concluding this report, the Committee deem it James Wills, for his bountiful donation, to a charity which must be highly approved by every benevolent and philanthropic mind; and much as we regret, that the sum left for the support of the institution, is not sufficient to relieve the sufferings of as many of the af flicted as could be wished. We fondly hope, that other of our fellow citizens, prompted by like charitable feelings towards the unfortunate subjects who are intended to participate in the advantages of this institution, will laudably contribute towards increasing the means of its support; which must be acknowledged by all to be of that nature, which is calculated to excite the feelings of the truly benevolent.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

JOSHUA LIPPINCOTT.
DANIEL GROVES,
JOSEPH WORRELL,
R. M'MULLIN,
ENOCH ROBBINS,
R. M. HUSTON,
B. H. YARNALL.

Philadelphia, Nov. 28, 1833.

LAND TITLES.

(Continued from page 345.)
Miscellaneous Facts.

Edward Pennington, the Second Surveyor General of the province, died on the 10th of January, 1701.Thereupon,

The commissioners of property resolved, That no such officer be appointed until the pleasure of the proprietor be known.

That the said office with all the books, records, warrants, and papers belonging thereto, shall be taken into the commissioners' hinds, and remain under their care, and that the secretary shall chiefly superintend the same, with an able and fit hand, well skilled in surveying.

That Jacob Taylor, now concerned in a school at Abington, be invited to take the management of said office under the secretary.

All warrants to be directed to the several surveyors of the respective counties, to be returned into the surveyor's office, at Philadelphia.

That only copies of the warrants shall be sent into the country, attested by the secretary, and the original remain in the office as before, and be entered on the books, and every original warrant shall express that the original shall remain in the surveyor's office,in Philadelphia, Book C, p, 64.

The committee have had a perpetual insurance of 1701. $8000 effected upon the building, in the Pennsylvania |

The whole building, including the south piazza, is roofed with copper.

When the house was commenced, the lot was several feet below the level of the surrounding streets, this the committee have filled up, and leveled for purposes of gardening; they have also had a good and substantial board fence put around the whole square, excepting about 120 feet directly in front of the building; this is secured by a strong iron railing, placed upon a wall two On the ninth of November, 1711, William Penn exfeet high, composed of cut stone, forming a quadrant ecuted a commission to Edward Shippen, Samuel Carfrom each corner of the front steps, extending to the penter, Richard Hill, Isaac Norris, and James Logan, line of the street; the building recedes 50 feet from as commissioners of property, with the same powers, said line. and in the same terms, as the commission of October,

The proprietor had mortgaged the province, by deeds of lease and release, dated the 6th and 7th of October, 1708, to Henry Gouldney, Joshua Gee, Sylvanus Grove, John Woods, Thomas Callowhill, Thomas Oade, and Jeffery Pinnel, with power to sell, &c.

The mortgagees, by deed, dated November 10th,

1711, empower the same commissioners to collect rents, grant and confirm lands, &c. (Book H.)

ny sterling an acre, quit-rent, which continued until 1765, excepting a variation about, and between the There was no Surveyor General from the 10th of Ja- years 1761 and 1763, when warrants were issued at nine nuary, 1701, until the beginning of March, 1706-7, pounds a hundred acres; but the quit-rent was increased when Jacob Taylor was appointed, who continued un- to one penny sterling an acre. In the warrants issued til Benjamin Eastburne was appointed, on or about the under the authority of the trustees of the province, af 29th of October, 1733, who continued until 1741. Wil-ter the year 1719, the terms were, most commonly ten liam Parson's commission as Surveyor General, bears pounds, and one shilling quit rent, for one hundred date, August 22d, 1741. His successor, Nicholas acres; and then the warrants are for the first time exScull, was appointed in the beginning of 1748. John pressed to be under the less seal of the province, which Lukens, who succeeded him, was appointed in Decem- was continued afterwards, and the reservation is, (varyber, 1761, and continued by re-appointment under the ing the expressions) for the use of the trustees of the commonwealth, until his death, in 1789. province," or "for the use of the proprietary trustees."

Daniel Broadhead was appointed 3d of November, 1789, and continued by re-appointments until 23d of April, 1800.

Samuel Cochran was appointed 23d of April, 1800. Andrew Porter was appointed April 4th, 1809. A tract of land, called the Welsh tract, containing forty thousand acres, was surveyed by virtue of a warrant dated March 13th, 1684. The object of it was to accommodate the settlers, who came from Wales, and desired to be seated together. It appears, however, from the early records, that they were not numerous enough to occupy the whole of it; but they applied to the commissioners of property for liberty to appropriate it all; but the commissioners insisted on interest and quit-rents from the date of the warrant, which they did not accede to. The unsettled part of it was therefore left open to other purchasers, and many warrants were afterwards issued to survey lands within its bounds.

There was no uniform frame of warrants in early times. Previous to the year 1733, they continued this clause, "If not seated by the Indians;" but in the war rants issued by Thomas Penn, this clause was omitted. In the warrants issued by Thomas Penn, especially for lands within manors, an entire new clause appears to have been introduced: viz. "to pay a year's rent at every alienation;" but in those rights which were taken out at fifteen pounds ten shillings for one hundred acres, this clause was omitted.

66

In many warrants it is expressed that the warrantee should forthwith fulfil the terms, or the warrant to be void; but most generally, it runs thus, That the purchaser should comply with the terms within six months, or the warrant should be void." And in the earliest times, interest is made to commence from the time of any settlement, or improvement.

The terms of sale were equally irregular and uncertain. As the commissioners had authority to grant lands, for such sums and quit-rents, as to them, or any three of them, should seem just and reasonable; so there was no uniform system before the year 1732. Not only the prices, but the quit-rents were various. The warrants sometimes expressed the terms of the contract; but very frequently did not. In many cases the quit rents to be paid are inserted in the warrants, without purchase money; and from the variety, and amount of quit-rents in several cases, it would appear as if the grant had been without purchase money. Before the year 1713, five pounds a hundred acres, and a bushel of wheat, more frequently one shilling sterling, quit-rent, were the common terms, and called new terms. In 1713, lands were granted at seven pounds, ten pounds, and fifteen pounds a hundred acres, and the common quit rent of one shilling sterling. From 1712 to 1715, lands at Oley, and at Conestogoe, were granted at ten pounds a hundred; but the quit-rents varied; in some cases one shilling sterling a hundred acres; in others, a half-penny, and a penny sterling, an acre. In 1730, lands at Oley are charged at fifteen pounds a hundred acres; and in some scattered cases, appearing in the records, the price was stiH higher. No connected view can therefore be given of the custom of the Land Office in this respect, previous to the year 1732. From that time a system begins to appear; and the fixed price was fifteen pounds ten shillings a hundred acres, and one halt-pen

It has generally been supposed, that the land office was closed from the year 1718, when William Penn died, until the arrival of Thomas Penn in the year 1732. With respect to the lands on the east side of Susquehanna, this needs some observations. Warrants appear to have been issued during the whole time, almost without interruption, and in very great numbers. In May, 1719, warrants began to issue for taking up lands, under the less seal, paying, as before stated, "to the use of the trustees of the province." As to the proprietaryship, it is well known, it was some time in controver sy, and the will of William Penn was finally established, and the right declared to be in the younger branch of his family. It is true, that from 1720 to 1730, the warrants were generally to survey old rights, and city lots; but there are some new warrants between those periods, and the warrant for lands at Oley, above mentioned, at the price of fifteen pounds a hundred, was issued in 1730. But on the west side of the Susquehanna the lands were not then purchased, and no other right to them was vested in the proprietaries, except so far as Dongan's deed, subsequently confirmed, as we have seen, may have been supposed to have given a right to the lands on both sides of Susquehanna, to an indefinite extent. But the terms of the confirming deed of 1700, for the lands on both sides of the river, are "next adjoining to the same;" and the lands were not clearly purchased until 1736. However this may be considered, we nevertheless' find from the records, that Sir William Keith, in 1722, with consent of the Indians, as it is said, had a survey made for himself on the west side of the river; which survey is recognized in, and is one of the boundaries of the first survey of the Springetsbury manor; the warrant for which issued on the 18th of June, 1722, and recites it to the request of the Indians, that a large tract of land, right over against their towns on Susquehanna, might be surveyed for the proprietor's use only, &c. The warrant of re-survey, of May 21st, 1762, recites, among other things, that sundry Germans and others, afterwards seated themselves by leave of the proprietors, on divers parts of the said manor, but confirmation of their titles was delayed, on account of the Indian claim-and that after the purchase of 1736, licenses were given to them, (called Blunston's licenses,) the w ole granted to be about 12,000 acres. The whole of this transaction may be seen in 4 Dallas, 402, to 410: (Penn's lessee and Kline,) in the report of which it is said, that the original warrant and survey could not be returned into the land office at that time, "because the land office continued shut from the death of William Pena in 1718, until the arrival of T. Penn, in 1732." The report also states, That Thomas Penn, having purchased the Indian claim to the land, empow ered Samuel Blunston to grant licences for 12,000 acres, to satisfy the rights of the settlers, &c. These licenses, or rather promises to the settlers to grant them patents for the lands they had settled, are signed by Thomas Penn, himself, when at Lancaster, October 30th, 1736.

It may be suggested, that there were other reasons why the survey was not returned into the land office, at that, or any other time. (Unimportant indeed as to the title, after its recognition and warrant of re-survey in 1762.) The warrant itself was not issued from the

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