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VOL. XII.-NO. 4.


NO. 291.


For many days he remained in this situation, making We copy the following interesting paper from the no discoveries whatever. He thought he perceived at “New England Magazine.” The circumstances are times signs of intelligence between the prisoners and an new to us.

old woman who was allowed to bring fruit for sale with. The leading events of the war of Independence are in the enclosure. She was known to be deaf and halffamiliar with every American, but many incidents, full witted, and was therefore no object of suspicion.

It of adventure, yet remain to be disclosed. There are ed in the American army, but she had never betrayed

was known that her son had been disgraced and punishthose yet living who remember the following story:

The American authorities found much difficulty in any malice on that account, and no one dreamed that disposing of their prisoners. They had no posts regu. the will, Lee watched her closely, but saw nothing to

she could have the power to do injury if she possessed larly fitted for the purpose, and they could suggest no confirm his suspicions. Her dwelling was about a mile better means for securing them than to place them un. der guard in a thickly settled part of the country, where distant, in a wild retreat, where she shared her miserathe inhabitants were most decidedly hostile to the En ble quarters with a dog and cat, the former of which glish. The town of Lancaster in Pennsylvania, was of mounted guard over the mansion, while the latter octhose selected for this purpose. The prisoners were ual in keeping visiters away.

casioned superstitious fears, which were equally effect confined in barracks, enclosed with a stockade and vi. gilantly guarded. But in spite of all precaution, they awake at midnight, meditating on the enterprise he had

One dark stormy night in autumn, Lee was lying often disappeared in an unaccountable manner, and now undertaken, which though in the beginning it had re. thing was heard of them till they had resumed their commended itself to his romantic disposition, had now places in the British army. Many and various were the lost all its charms. It was one of those tempests, which conjectures as to the means of their escape; the officers in our climate so often hang upon the path of the deinquired and investigated in vain; the country was ex: plored to no purpose; the soldiers shook their heads and wind which shook the building to its foundation, and

parting year. His companions slept soundly, but the told of fortune-tellers, pedlers, and such characters, who threw heavy splashes of rain against the window, con had been seen at intervals; and sundry of the more credulous could think of nothing but supernatural agency; All at once the door was gently opened, and a figure

spired with the state of his mind to keep him wakeful. but whether man or spirit was the conspirator, the mys- moved silently into the room. It was too dark to observe tery remained unbroken. When this became known to Washington, he sent towards one of the sleepers, who immediately rose; next

its motions narrowly, but he could see that it stooped Gen. Hazen to take this responsible charge. This en, it approached and touched him on the shoulder. Lee ergetic officer, after exhausting all resources, resorted immediately started up; the figure then allowed a slight to stratagem. He was convinced that, as the nearest ers must be aided by Americans; but where the suspi- come!" It then occurred to Lee that it was the opporpost was more than a hundred miles distant,

the prison- gleam from a dark lantern to pass over his face, and as

it did so, whispered, impatiently, “not the man-but cion should fall, he could not even conjecture-the re

tunity he desired. The unknown whispered to him to proach of toryism being almost unknown in that region. keep his place till another man was called; but just at Having been trained to meet exigencies of this kind in that moment something disturbed him, and making a siga distinguished career, as colonel in the British army, nal to Lee to follow, he moved silently out of the room. his plan was formed at once, and communicated to an officer of his own, upon whose talent he relied for its small part of the fence removed, where they passed out

They found the door of the house unbarred, and a successful execution. This was Capt. Lee,* whose cou without molestation; the sentry had retired to a shelter rage and ability fully justified the selection.

where he thought he could guard his post without suf. The secret plan concerted between them was this: It fering from the rain; but Lee saw his conductors put was to be given out that Lee was absent on furlough or themselves in preparation to silence him if he should command. He, meantime, was to assume the dress of happen to address them. Just without the fence ap; a British prisoner, and having provided himself with information and a story of his capture, was to be thrown peared a stooping figure, wrapped in a red cloak, and into the barracks, where he might gain the confidence supporting itself with a large stick, which Lee at once

perceived could be no other than the old fruit woman. of the soldiers, and join them in a plan of escape. How But the most profound silence was observed; a man well Capt. Lee sustained his part may be inferred from the fact, that when he had disappeared and placed him them, and the whole party moved onward by the guid.

came out from a thicket at a little distance and joined self among the prisoners, his own officers and soldiers

ance of the old woman. At first they frequently stopsaw him every day without the least suspicion. The person to whom I am indebted for most of these parti ped to listen, but having heard the sentinel cry call's culars, was the Intendant of the prisoners, and familiar well,” they seemed re-assured, and moved with more

confidence than before, with Lee; but though compelled to see him often in the discharge of his duty, he never penetrated the disguise. hanging bank, where a bright light was shining out from

They soon came near to her cottage under an overWell it was for Lee that his disguise was so complete.

a little window upon the wet and drooping boughs that Had his associates suspected his purpose to betray them, hung near it

. The dog received them graciously, and his history would have been embraced in the proverb, they entered. A table was spread with some coarse "dead men tell no tales."

provisions upon it and a large jug, which one of the * Who was this Capt. Leę ?


soldiers was about to seize, when the man who conductVOL. XII.

ed them withheld him. “No,” said he, "we must first other inmates of the house were eager in their questions, proceed to business.” He then went to a small closet, and from the answers,Lee gathered that the means by from which he returned with what seemed to have been which he and his companions had escaped were as mys. originally a Bible, though now it was worn to a maho- terious as ever. gany color and a spherical form. While they were The next night, when all was quiet, they resumed doing this, Lee had time to examine his companions; their march, and explained to Lee that, as he was not one of them was a large quiet looking soldier, the other with them in their conspiracy, and was accidentally asa short stout man with much of the aspect of a villain. sociated with them in their escape, they should take the They examined him in turn, and as Lee had been precaution to keep him before them, just behind the obliged formerly to punish the shorter soldier severely, guide. He submitted without opposition, though the he felt sıme misgivings when the fellow's eyes rested arrangement considerably lessened his chances of es. upon him. The conductor was a middle aged harsh cape. He observed, from the direction of the stars, looking man, whom Lee had never seen before. that they did not move in a direct line towards the De.

As no time was to be lost, their guide explained to laware, but they changed their courses so often that he them in few words, that before he should undertake could not conjecture at what point they intended to his dangerous enterprise, he should require of them to strike the river. He endeavored, whenever any pecu. swear upon the Scriptures not to make the least attempt liar objcct appeared, to fix it in his memory as well as to escape, and never to reveal the circumstances or the darkness would permit, and succeeded better than agents in the proceeding, whatever might befal them. could have been expected, considering the agitated

The soldiers however insisted on deferring this measure state in which he travelled. till they had formed some slight acquaintance with the For several nights they went on in this manner, being contents of the jug, and expressed their sentiments on delivered over to different persons, from time to time; the subject rather by actions than words. In this they and as Lee could gather from their whispering converwere joined by Lee, who by this time had begun to con- sations, they were regularly employed on occasions like template the danger of his enterprise in a new and un. the present, and well rewarded by the British for their pleasant point of view. If he were to be compelled to services. Their employment was full of danger; and accompany his party to New York, his disguise would though they seemed like desperate men, he could ob. at once be detected, and it was certain he would be serve that they never remitted their precautions. They hanged as a spy. He had supposed beforehand, that were concealed days in barns-cellars-caves made for he should find no difficulty in escaping at any moment; the purpose, and similar retreats, and one day was but he saw that their conductor had prepared arms for passed in a tomb, the dimensions of which had been them, which they were to use in taking the life of any | enlarged, and the inmates, if there had been any, baone who should attempt to leave them-and then the nished to make room for the living. The burying oath. He might possibly have released himself from its grounds were a favorite retreat, and on more occasions obligations, when it became necessary for the interests than one they were obliged to resort to superstitious of his country, but no honorable man could well bear to alarms to remove intruders upon their path; their sucbe driven to an emergency, in which he must violate an cess fully justified the experiment, and, unpleasantly oath, however reluctantly it was taken. He felt that situated as he was, in the prospect of soon being a there was no retreating, when there came a heavy shock ghost himself, he could not avoid laughing at the expeas of something falling against the sides of the house; dition with which old and young fied from the fancied their practised ears at once detected the sound of the apparitions under clouds of night, wishing to meet such alarm gun, and their conductor, throwing down the old enemies, like Ajax, in the face of day. Bible which he had held all the while impatiently in Though the distance to the Delaware was not great, his hand, directed the party to follow bim in close order, they had now been twelve days on the road, and such and immediately quitted the house, taking with him his was the vigilance and suspicion prevailing throughout dark lantern.

the country, that they almost despaired of effecting They went on with great despatch, but not without their object. The conductor grew impatient, and Lee's difficulty. Sometimes their footing would give way on companions, at least one of them, became ferocious. some sandy bank or slippery field; and when their path There was, as we have said, something unpleasant to led through the woods, the wet boughs dashed heavily him in the glances of this fellow towards him, which in their faces. Lee felt that he might have deserted his became more and more fierce as they went on; but it precious companions while they were in this hurry and did not appear whether it was owing to circumstances or alarm; but he felt that as yet he had made no discove. actual suspicion. It so happened that on the twelfth ries, and however dangerous his situation was he could night, Lee was placed in a barn, while the rest of the not bear to confess that he had not nerve to carry him party sheltered themselves in the cellar of a little stone through. On he went, therefore, for two or three hours, church, where they could talk and act with more freeand was beginning to sink with fatigue, when the bark dom, both because the solitude of the church was not ing of a dog brought the party to a stand. Their con- often disturbed even on the Sabbath-and because even ductor gave a low whistle, which was answered at no the proprietors did not know that illegal hands had great distance, and a figure came forward in the dark added a cellar to the conveniences of the building. ness, who whispered to their guide and then led the The party was seated here as the day broke, and the way up to a building which seemed by the shadowy | light, which struggled in through the crevices, opened outline to be a large stone barn. They entered it and for the purpose. showed a low room about twelve feet were severally placed in small nooks where they could square, with a damp floor and large patches of white feel that the hay was all around them except on the side mould upon the walls. Finding probably, that the of the wall. Shortly after some provisions were brought pavement afforded no accommodations for sleeping, the to them with the same silence, and it was signified to worthies were seated each upon a little cask, which them that they were to remain concealed the whole of seemed like those used for gunpowder. Here they the coming day. Through a crevice in the wall, Lee were smoking pipes with great diligence, and, at intercould discover as the day came on, that the barn was vals not distant, applying a huge canteen to their attached to a small farm house. He was so near the mouths, from which they drank with upturned faces, house that he could overhear the conversation which expressive of solemn satisfaction. While they were was carried on about the door. The morning rose clear, thus engaged, the short soldier asked them in a careless and it was evident from the inquiries of horsemen, who way, if they knew whom they had in their party? The occasionally galloped up to the door, that the country others started, and took their pipes from their mouths was alarmed. The farmer gave short and surly replies, to ask him what he meant. "I mean,” said he, “that as if unwilling to be taken off from his labor, but thel we are honored with the company of Captain Lee, of




the rebel army. The rascal once punished me, and I bloody struggle began; they were so nearly matched in never mistook my man when I had a debt of that kind to strength and advantage, that neither dared unclench his pay. Now I shall have my revenge."

hold for the sake of grasping the knife; the blood gush. The others hastened to express their disgust at his ed from their mouths, and the combat would have proferocity, saying, that if, as he said, their companion was bably ended in favor of the assassin, when steps and an American officer, all they had to do was to watch voices were heard advancing, and they found them. him closely. They said that, as he had come among selves in the hands of a party of countrymen, who were them uninvited, he must go with them to New York, armed for the occasion, and were scouring the banks of and take the consequences; but meantime, it was their the river. They were forcibly torn apart, but so exinterest not to seem to suspect him, otherwise he might hausted and breathless, that neither could make any give an alarm, whereas it was evidently his intention to explanation, and they submitted quietly to their captors. go with them till they were ready to embark for New The party of the armed countrymen, though they York. The other person persisted in saying that he had succeeded in their attempt, and were sufficiently would have his revenge with his own hand, upon which triumphant on the occasion, they were sorely perplexed the conductor, drawing a pistol, declared to him that if how to dispose of their prisoners. After some disciishe saw the least attempt to injure Capt. Lee, or any sion, one of them proposed to throw the decision upon conduct which would lead him to suspect that his dis- the wisdom of the nearest magistrate. They accordguise was discovered, he would that moment shoot him ingly proceeded with their prisoners to his mansion, through the head. The soldier put his hand upon his about two miles distant, and called upon him to arise and knife, with an ominous scowl upon his conductor, but attend to business. A window was hastily thrown up, seeing that he had to do with one who was likely to be and the justice put forth his night-capped head, and as good as his word, he restrained himself, and began with more wrath than became his dignity, ordered them to arrange some rubbish to serve him for a bed. The off; and, in requital for their calling him out of bed in other soldier followed his example, and their guide with the cold, generously wished them in the warmest place. drew, locking the door after him.

However, resistance was vain; he was compelled to The next night they went on as usual, but the manner rise; and, as soon as the prisoners were brought before of their conductor showed that there was more danger him, he ordered them to be taken in irons to the prison than before; in fact, he explained to the party that they at Philadelphia. Lee improved the opportunity to take were now not far from the Delaware, and hoped to the old gentleman aside, and told him who he was, and reach it before midnight. They occasionally heard the why he was thus disguised; the justice only interrupted report of a musket, which seemed to indicate that some him with the occasional inquiry, “Most done?” When movement was going on in the country. Thus warned, he had finished, the magistrate told him that his story they quickened their steps, and it was not long before was very well made, and told in a manner very crethey saw a gleam of broad clear light before them, such ditable to his address, and that he should give it all the as is reflected from calm waters, even in the darkest weight it seemed to require. And Lee's remonstrances night. They moved up to it in deep silence; there were were unavailing: various emotions in their breasts; Lee was hoping for As soon as they were fairly lodged in the prison, Lee an opportunity to escape from an enterprise which was prevailed on the jailor to carry a note to Gen. Lincoln, growing too serious, and the principal objects of which informing him of his condition. The General received were already answered; the others were anxious lest it as he was dressing in the morning, and immediately some accident might have happened to the boat on sent one of his aids to the jail. That officer could not which they depended for crossing the stream.

believe his eyes that he saw Capt. Lee. His uniform, When they came to the bank there were no traces of worn out when he assumed it, was now hanging in rags a boat on the waters. 'Their conductor stood still for a about him, and he had not been shaved for å fortnight; moment in dismay; but recollecting himself, he said it he wished very naturally, to improve his appearance was possible it might have been secured lower down the before presenting himself before the Secretary of War; stream, and, forgetting every thing else, he directed but the orders were peremptory to bring him as he was. the larger soldier to accompany him, and giving a pistol | The General loved a joke full well; his laughter was to the other, he whispered, “if the rebel officer attempts hardly exceeded by the report of his own cannon; and to betray us, shoot him; if not, you will not, for your long and loud did he laugh that day, own sake, make any noise to show where we are." In When Capt. Lee returned to Lancaster, he immedithe same instant they departed, and Lee was left alone ately attempted to retrace the ground; and so accurate, with the ruffian,

under all the unfavorable circumstances, had been his He had before suspected that the fellow knew him, investigation, that he brought to justice fifteen persons, and now doubts were changed to certainty at once. who had aided in the escape of British prisoners. It is Dark as it was, it seemed as if fire flashed from his eye, hardly necessary to say to those who know the fate of now he felt that revenge was within his power. Lee revolutionary officers, that he received for his hazardous, was as brave as any officer in the army; but he was un- and effectual service, no reward whatever. armed, and though he was strong, his adversary was still more powerful. While he stood, uncertain what

From the Journal of Health. to do, the fellow seemed enjoying the prospect of revenge, as he looked on him with a steady eye. Though

MINUTES the officer stood to appearance unmoved, the sweat rolled in heavy drops from his brow. He soon took OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE UNITED STATES TEM PERhis resolution, and sprang upon his adversary with the intention of wresting the pistol from his hand; but the (Duly recorded and copied out by one of the Secretaries.] other was upon his guard, and aimed with such precision, that had the pistol been charged with a bullet, that Pursuant to an invitation of the American Tempermoment would have been his last. But it seemed that ance Society, the delegates appointed by the several the conductor had trusted to the sight of his weapons to Temperance Associations in the United States, assem. render them unnecessary, and had therefore only loaded bled in Convention at the Hall of Independence, in the them with powder; as it was, the shock threw Lee to city of Philadelphia, on the 24th day of May, 1833, the ground; but, fortunately as the fellow dropped the with the view to consider the best means of extending, pistol, it fell where Lee could reach it, and as his adver- by a general diffusion of information, and the exertion sary stooped, and drawing his knife from his bosom, of a kind and persuasive moral influence, the principle Lee was able to give him a stunning blow. He imme- of abstinence from the use of Ardent Spirit throughout diately threw himself upon the assassin, and a long and our country.



The Convention was organized by the appointment ed at the former session, proceeded to the Fifth Presby. of the following officers:

terian church. President, Reuben H. Walworth, of the State of New The following resolutions reported by the standing York.

committee were then considered and adopted with Vice Presidents, Roberts Vaux, of Pennsylvania; amendment. John Tappan, of Massachusetts: Timothy Pitkin, of Resolved, That no member of the Convention be alConnecticut; Peter D. Vroom, of New Jersey; Judge lowed to occupy more than ten minutes in the remarks Hall, of Delaware; John C. Herbert, of Maryland; Col. he may make before the Convention at any one time, Lumpkin, of Georgia; William A. M’Dowell, of South and that he shall not be allowed to speak' more than Carolina.

twice, on any subject or question without in either Secretaries, Mark Doolittle, of Massachusetts; John case obtaining the unanimous consent of the ConvenMarsh, of Connecticut; John Wheelwright, of New tion. York; Lyndon A. Smith of New Jersey; Isaac S. Loyd, Resolved, That notice be given in the Churches and of Pennsylvania; Judge Darling, of do.; Robert Breck. newspapers of Philadelphia, that a Temperance meet. enridge of Maryland; Daniel W. Lathrop, of Ohio. ing will be held in the city next Monday at half past 7

After supplication that the blessing of Almighty God o'clock, P. M. for the general attendance of the citimight rest upon the labours of the Convention, and zens and others. guide and direct it by his wisdom in all its deliberations, The standing committee reported a series of resoluthe Circular of the American Temperance Society call- tions, the following of which were severally considered, ing the convention was read, setting forth the object for and after some amendments, adopted. which it had assembled. The names of the members from each state were then all men to abstain from the use of ardent spirit, and from

1. Resolved, That in our judgment it is the duty of called, exhibiting in all 401, Of whom 1 was from Maine, 5 from New Hampshire,

the traffic in it. 3 from Vermont, 21 from Massachusetts, 7 from Rhode all who are acquainted with this subject, unite with

2. Resolved, That it is in our view expedient that Island, 15 from Connecticut, 65 from New York, 42 from New Jersey, 139 from Pennsylvania, 11 from De.

Temperance Societies. laware, 24 from Maryland, 11 from Virginia, 4 from tion the formation of the American Congressional Tem.

3. Resolved, That we regard with peculiar satisface North Carolina, 1 from South Carolina, 3 from Georgia, 11 from Ohio, 11 from Kentucky, 3 from Tennes that should similar societies be formed by the Legisla

perance Society, and express our decided conviction see, 4 from Indiana, 6 from the District of Columbia, tures of each State, they would greatly benefit our 3 from Michigan, 1 from Illinois, 1 from Missouri, and i from Alabama,

country and the world.

4. Resolved, that the regulation adopted by the Na. The room occupied by the Convention not being suf. tional Government for discouraging the use of Ardent ficiently large to accommodate its members, it was on | Spirit, in the Army and Navy of the United Slates, is motion

a mark of wisdom and paternal care in the rulers of the Resolved, That Matthew Newkirk, Robert Earp and people over the individuals employed in their service. James Gray-be a committee to procure a more suita. ble place, and report to the present session.

5. Resolved, that the abolition of the practice of Resolved, That all committees be appointed by the furnishing merchant vessels

with Ardent Spirit, or em

ploying men who drink it to navigate them, would greatPresident.

Resolved, That a committee be now appointed, whose !promote the interests of the country. duty it shall be to prepare and digest business for the

6. Resolved, That Temperance Societies in all meConvention, and report such subjects as in their opinion chanical and manufacturing establishments, while they ought to claim its attention.

would promote the pecuniary interest of all concerned Resolved, That said committee consist of seven,

in them, would also in various ways promote the good of Whereupon the following named gentlemen were ap

the public. pointed:—Justin Edwards, of Massachusetts; Amos

7. Resolved, that the formation of a Temperance Twitchell, of New Hampshire; Charles Griswold, of Society in each ward of every city, and in each district Connecticut; Edward C. Delavan, of New York; Ger- of every county and town in the United States, would ritt Smith, of do.; Hugh Maxwell, of do.; S. K. Tal- tend powerfully to complete, and to perpetuate the mage, of Georgia.

Temperance reformation. Resolved, That all motions be committed to writing

8. Resolved, That each State Society be requested and submitted without discussion to the committee to to take the direction of the temperance cause within its prepare business.

own limits, and to employ one or more permanent Resolved, That members of Congressional and State agents, to visit periodically every part of the State, and Legislative Societies be invited to a seat as honorary to devote their whole time and strength to the promo. members of the Convention.

tion of this work. Resolved, that the deliberations of this body be each

9. Resolved, That each family in the United States day opened with prayer.

be requested to furnish themselves with some temper. The standing committee reported the following reso

ance publication. lution, which, after amendment, was adopted.

10. Resolved, That the increase of temperance gro. Resolved, that the Convention meet each day during cers, public houses and steam-boats, in which Ardent its session at 9 o'clock, A. M., adjourn at 1 o'clock P. Spirit is not furnished, is highly auspicious to the interM. and assemble again at half past 3 P. M.

est of our country, and that the friends of human hapThe committee to provide a place for the meetings piness by encouraging such establishments in all suitable of the Convention-Report, that they have obtained ways, till they shall become universal, will perform an the Fifth Presbyterian Church, in Arch above Tenth important service to mankind. street, whereupon it was

ii. Resolved, That it be earnestly recommended to Resolved, that when this Convention adjourn, it ad foreign countries to the United States, and also to those

all emigrants who contemplate removing in a body from journ to meet at this place, whence it shall move in prowho contemplate removing from one part of our own cession, headed by its officers, to the place designated country to another, before their removal to form them. by the committee. On motion adjourned.

selves into a Temperance Society.

On motion, Resolved, That the committee of arrange. Afternoon.—The Convention organized at the ap. ment appointed by the Pennsylvania State Temperance pointed hour, and in pursuance of the resolution adopt. Society to provide for holding this Convention, be re




quested to make suitable provision for the meeting to be stain from the use of it, they would render themselves held on Monday evening next.

still more eminently useful. Resolved, that the committee to prepare business, 17. Resolved, That it is expedient that the friends of be appointed to provide speakers for the meeting on Temperance in all countries unite their counsels and Monday evening.

their efforts to extend the principles of Temperance Resolved, that the reporters of the daily papers of throughout the world. this city be allowed a convenient place for the object 18. Resolved, that the fundamental and highly saluin the Convention.

tary influence which the promotion of the cause of Tem. Resolved, that the Sexton of this church be appoint- perance must have on the purity and permanence of cied doop-keeper to this Convention.

vil institutions, demand for it the countenance and ac. On motion adjourned.

tive co-operation of every real patriot. SATURDAY, May 25th. -The Convention met at the the intellectual elevation, the moral character, the so

19. Resolved, That the influence of Temperance on stated hour, and was opened with prayer by Dr. Hewitt, cial happiness, and the future prospects of mankind, is of Connecticut. The minutes of the preceding day were read, and and the united, vigorous and persevering efforts of all

such as ought to obtain for it the cordial approbation with some alterations, approved.

the philanthropic and humane, of every class, age, sex On motion, Resolved, that the Secretaries have power and country. to make such verbal corrections in the minutes and Re. The committee further reported the following resolusolutions, as will best express their meaning.

tion which was adopted, The consideration of the remaining Resolutions re. 20. Resolved, that the associations of young men ported by the committee at the former session was then have been powerful auxiliaries to the Temperance cause, resumed, and the following, after some amendments, and should all the young men in the United States, and adopted.

especially in the literary Institutions, unite in Tem12. Resolved, That it be recommended to Temper. perance Societies, they would render themselves beneance Societies and the friends of temperance of every factors to our country and to the world. description, to obtain as full and accurate statistics as The committee reported a resolution setting forth the possible, and embody them for the benefit of the com. object to be attained by Temperance Societies, which munity in their Annual Reports—to be communicated at was under discussion, when the time having arrived, the the simultaneous meetings—especially on the following Convention adjourned. points, viz:

Afternoon.—The Convention assembled at the apWhat is the population?

pointed time—and resumed the consideration of the fol. What number belong to Temperance Societies? lowing resolution, reported by the committee at the for. How many have been added to them the past year? mer session-which, after deliberate examination, was How many have renounced the traffic?

unanimously adopted, How many Groceries and how many Taverns in which 21. Resolved, That as the sole object, of the Ameri. Ardent Spirit is not sold?

can Temperance Society and those numerous State, and How many continue to sell, and what quantity is now other Temperance Societies, which have been formed used?

in accordance with it, throughout our country, ever has How many drunkards have been reformed?

heen, is now, and ever ought to be the promotion of How many are now drunkards?

Temperance,--to this object alone all their efforts ought How many distilleries have been stopped, and how to be invariably and perseveringly directed. many are now in operation?

The committee reported the following resolutions, How many deaths is there reason to believe were which were read and adopted, caused by intemperance?

22. Resolved, That the Medical Profession be reWhat proportion of pauperism and of crime is occa- quested to inquire whether substitutes for alcohol may sioned by strong drink?

not be found, and its use be dispensed with in medical How many criminals were committed the past year practice, and to give the results of their investigation to who drank no Ardent Spirit, and how many who did the public. drink?

23. Resolved, that the influence of the female sex 13. Resolved, That Temperance Societies and the in favour of the Temperance cause, has had a highly friends of Temperance throughout the country, be re. salutary effect upon all classes in the community, and quested to hold simultaneous meetings on the last Tues- especially upon those who are the hope of future çe. day in February, 1834, to review what has been done nerations, the children and youth, and that should the induring the past year, to consider what remains to be Auence to which they are so justly entitled, be unit. done, and to take such measures as may be suitable, by edly and universally exerted in favour of this cause, they the universal diffusion of information and by kind moral would do much to perfect and to perpetuate the moral influence, to extend and perpetuate the principles and renovation of the whole human family. the blessings of temperance, over our land.

24. Resolved, That as the question has arisen among 14. Resolved, That a correspondence be opened the friends of Temperance and Agricultural improvewith National Temperance Societies and friends of tem- ment,—What shall be done with surplus grains, provid. perance in other countries—for the purpose of procur. ed they are not converted into Ardent Spirit! The ing as far as practicable, meetings, at the same time, for friends of human improvements be requested to investhe same purpose throughout the world.

tigate this subject, and to present the results to the pub. 15. Resolved, That Editors of papers and other lic through the medium of the press.

On motion, adjourned. periodicals who from time to time publish information on the subject of temperance are rendering important ser. MONDAY MORNING, May 27th. - At a stated hour the vice to the cause, and should all Editors adopt and pur. Convention organized, and was opened by prayer by sue a similar course, they would render themselves the Christian Keener, of Maryland. benefactors of mankind.

The minutes of the preceding day were read and ap16. Resolved, 'That the prompt and united testimony proved. Nicholas Deveraux, of New York, was apof many physicians to the hurtful nature and destruc- pointed a member of the committee to prepare business tive tendency of Ardent Spirit has been a powerful in the room of Hugh Maxwell, who has left the city. auxiliary to the Temperance cause, and should that re. The committee to invite members to address the spectable and influential class of our citizens, all exert meeting this evening-Report that they have engatheir influence to induce the whole community to ab- 1 ged

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