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1833.]

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

69

1832

1881
|

11830
1829
1828
11827
1826
1825
1824

$5000

4580001 34000 45000

46000
21000
20000
17000
134000 2500

.

3500

11,199,000/86,500196,500' 528,0001 2000 1000 1,913,000/

140000!

North
Carolina. ginia. Carola
Vir South Georgia. Ten-

nessee. bama.

Ala.

TOTAL.

.

1000
1000

.

c

678,000
1000 520,000

466,000
140,000
46,000
21,000
20,000
17,000
$5000

The preparatory operations of the Chief Coiner are ring the interval from 1824 to the commencement of .carried on in two rooms 55 by 40 feet, opening to the 1874, the amount did not exceed $2500 annually. north portico; the propelling steam power being placed in the basement story. The immediate operations of coinage occupy a range of apartments 120 feet by 32. The principal coining room is 37 by 32 feet, and is large enough to contain 10 coining presses.

In a distinct suite of rooms,, in the attic story, the stan. dard weights of the Mint and the balances for adjusting them are kept.

The operations of coining were commenced in this building early in the present year.

The cost of the building including the ground, machinery, &c., was about $190,000.

The coinage effected during the year 1830 amounted to $3,155,620: comprising $643, 105 in gold, $2,495,400 in silver, and $17,115 in copper, in the following proportions: GOLD-Half Eagles,

$631,755 Quarter Eagles,

11,350 SILVER—Half Dollars,

2,382,400 Dismes,

51,000 Half Dismes.

62,000 COPPER-Cents,

17,115

$3,155,620 of the amount of gold coined, about 125,000 were received from S. America and the W. Indies, $19,000 from Africa, $466,000 from the gold region of the United States, and $33,000 from sources not ascertained.

In 1831 the coinage amounted to $3,922,473.60, com- From estimates entitled to great credit, it is supposprising $7 14,270 in gold coins, $3, 175,600 in silver, sed that the quantity of gold delivered at the Mint and $33,603.60 in copper, as follows:

within the last year, from the Gold Region of the UnitGOLD-Half Eagles,

$702,970 00

ed States, does not much exceed half of the quantity Quarter Eagles,

11,300 00 produced from the mines-nearly an equal amount it is SILVER—Half Dollars,

2,936,830 00

believed having been exported uncoined, or consumed Quarter Dollars,

99,500 00 in various works of art. If these estimates are nearly Dismes,

77.135 00 correct, the production of gold in the United States, Half Dismes,

62,135 00 within the past year, has not been less than a million COPPER-Cents,

33,592 60 and a quarter of dollars. This may be regarded as equal Half Cents,

11 00 to one sixth part of all the gold produced within the

same period from the mines of Europe and America, $3,923,473 60

estimated according to the results of recent years, gi.

ven by the best authorities. of the gold coined, about 130,000 were derived from South America and the West Indies, $27,000 from Af

From the Philadelphia Gazette. rica, $518,000 from the gold region of this country, and $39,000 from sources not stated.

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. In 1832 the coinage amounted to $3,401,055, com.

Thursday evening, July 11, 1833. prising $798,435 in gold, $2,579,000 in silver, and SELECT COUNCIL.-In the absence of Mr. Inger$23,620 in copper, and consists of 9,128,387 pieces of soll, Mr. Groves was elected President, pro tem. coin, viz.

A communication from the city Treasurer with cer. GOLD-Half Eagles,—157,487 pieces, making $787,435 tain accounts was received and read. Quarter do. 4,400

11,000 The Quarterly Report of the Commissioners of the SILTER_Hf, Dolls. 4,797,000

2,398,500 Girard Estate was also presented. Qr. Dolls. 320,000

80,000 Mr. Massey presented a petition, requesting the alDismes, 522,500

52,250 tention of the proper authorities to the situation of the Half Dismes, 965,000

48,250 | street pavement and gutter, in Seventh street, immedi. COPPER-Cents, 2,362,000

23,620 ately south of Arch street, which was referred to the

Paving Committee. 9,128,387

3,401,055 Mr. Lewis presented a petition of sundry inbabitants

for a Rail Road in High street, to commence at Broad of the amount of gold thus coined, about $80,000 street Rail Road, which was concurred in. The petiwere derived from Mexico, other parts of South Ameri- tion may be found in the proceedings of the Common ca, and the West Indies; $28,000 from Africa, $678,- Council. 000 from the Gold Region of the United States, and Mr. McCready presented a petition from J. Ridgway $12,000 from places not ascertained.

and others, respecting Delaware Avenue, which was The following table exhibits the quantity of Gold re- referred to the committee on that Avenue. ceived from those districts of the United States, which Mr. Neff presented the report of the committee on have thus far produced it in sufficient quantities to at the letter of Jacob Alter, which was after the concurtrabt attention, commencing with the year 1824. Uprence of the Common Council, adopted in the Select to that period it had been received at the Mint from Council. North Carolina only; from which quarter gold was Mr. Worrell presented a report of the committed transmitted for coinage as early as the year 1804. Du- respecting Argand lamps, as follows.

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The Committee to whom was referred the letter of Square, made a report on that subject, which was re. the City Commissioners, requiring instructions in regard committed. to lighting at the public cost, reflecting lamps erected Mr. Neff presented a remonstrance against the erecby individuals in the streets, at their own expense, pro- tion of a Western Market, in Market west of Eighth vided they would be lighted as heretofore by former street, which was referred to the committee on MarCommissioners, Report:

kets. That from the best information they can obtain, these Mr. Massey called up for consideration the resolution lamps were first introduced by the Committee on the relative to the opening of Cherry street, which was Washington and Independence squares, and streets read and passed. adjacent thereto; at the Post-office and other public Messages requiring a report from the Market House buildings, and from thence the City Commissioners Committee, and with regard to the collection of rents extended their permission to many citizens, conditioned at the Drawbridge, were received and laid on the ta. that the cost of the first erection should be at private ble. expense, and under which the number one hundred and Mr. Wetherill, Chairman of the Watering Committwenty-six bave been erected without reference to the tee, made the annexed report to the Select Council, on increased expense of lighting: Of those, there are in Thursday evening. the Washington square, 12–Independence square, To the Select and Common Councils of the city of Phil 17—and the public streets, 97. The light obtained

adelphia. from the lamps in question is, in the opinion of your Gentlemen—The Watering Committee respectfully committee, a great convenience and advantage to the report, as expedient, for Councils to grant the request public in every respect. But they are sorry to say, of John M. Ogden, Esq. and others, as set forth in their that the expense is very great, being in proportion as communication addressed to Councils, in behalf of the nearly four to one.

Penn Township and Northern Liberty Rail Road ComThe committee conceive that the question which pany, and referred to the committee. they were required to investigate, directly involves not They herewith submit a draft of an Indenture for only the expediency of supplying oil at the public cost that purpose; also that of a Resolution, authorizing the for these reflecting lamps, but the best mode of pro committee to have it entered into, and the Mayor to/ ducing light for the purpose, towards which such lamps affix the city seal to the same. are directed, inasmuch as they may be more successful

JOHN P. WETHERILL, Chairman. ly employed, or whether any other lamps can with more effect and economy be used-your committee have Resolved, That the Watering Committee be, and these lamps, or train oil, might not be advantageously draft of the Indenture just read, entered into forth with, used in the streets, or whether they are not susceptible between the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of Philaof improvement; whether the height at which the lamp delphia, and the Northern Liberty and Penn Township is placed be that at which it would have the most effect, Rail Road Company, relative to ihe parcel of the land or whether by the introduction of a heater communica: of triangular shape, situate at the south west corner of ting with the reservoir and the flame,the summer strain. Coates street and the Columbia Rail Road, &c., or at ed oil, or other material could not be successfully applied the north east corner of the City Ground, at Fairmounta during the whole year to the lamps properly construct and that the Mayor be, and he is hereby authorized and ed to light the city. We venture further to suggest, desired, to affix the city seal to the same. that whilst Commerce and Agriculture are regarded as COMMON COUNCIL.—The President submitted a important to the interests of the country, it might not communication from Cornelius Stevenson, City Treabe unwise to adopt any measure which tends to dimi. surer, containing a statement of receipts and expendinish the employment of our Marine, or to abridge the tures from April 1st, to July 1st, 1833; which on motion extent of our Fisheries, 'which all Maritime nations ans. of Mr. Haines, was referred to the Committee on Aciously promote, to reduce the nursery of our hardy counts. seamen, who, in the time of peace, minister to our com. The President submitted a communication from the fort and wealth, and in time of war bave shed glory on Commissioners of the Girard F.state, enclosing the fol. our country, and have obtained the highest rank of lowing quarterly report, which was referred to the honor for our flag.

Committee on Accounts, The committee have seen an improvement in the The Commissioners of the Girard Estates, in complicommon lamps, by adding reflectors, which would not ance with the ninth section of the Ordinance entitled an be so costly, and would greatly improve the light in the Ordinance for the further management of the Girard streets, and have no doubt that if proper inducements Estate: were offered, other improvements, perhaps better

REPORT adapted to the purpose, would be bro forward, That their communication to Councils for the quarter which might effect ihe object of improving the light, ending the 31st of March last, contained a statement of without increasing so considerably the annual expense; the subjects which engaged the attention of the Board and with a view to the present comfort, together with during that period. They now proceed to inform a further inquiry into the matter, the committee re- Councils of their transactions for the quarter ending the commend the adoption of the following resolutions. 30th June last.

1. Resolved, by the Select and Common Councils, On the 9th April, the Board was informed that the That the City Commissioners be, and they are hereby case of the Seventh day Baptists vs. Girard, was marked required, to light, at the public cost, all reflecting or for trial in the District Court for the City and County of argand lamps, which have been erected by individuals, Philadelphia, and they immediately directed the papers and hereafter to light in like manner, any lamps which to be placed in the hands of the Counsellor of the Gishall be so erected by individuals in any street or alley rard Estate, who was instructed to act in conjunction under their control, provided, that intervals of 150 feet, with the counsel employed by Mr. Girard, in defending or thereabouts, be left between the lamps so placed, the interests of the city. This suit involves the title to except where they may otherwise be required for public a lot of ground on the east side of Fifth, near Chesnut good, or the intersections of streets.

street. The Board are very desirous of having the 2. Resolved, That a premium of dollars, or controversy determined as early as possible:-should a medal of equal value, be paid for the most approved the decision be favorable to the city, it will afford a lamp, which may be adopted, for the purpose of light- desirable site for the erection of a building adapted to ing the streets with the most effect, and the least cost. the business of the 'Trust; the want of which is much

Mr. Toland from the committee on Rittenhouse felt,

1833.1

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

71

sents:

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On the same day the Board directed the Treasurer to ty, the Board have the pleasure to inform Councils that settle the account of the intestate property with the next it is all rented to tenants, who, with few exceptions, kin of Mr. Girard, and pay over to them the balance in pay the rent with punctuality. The whole Estate is in his hands on account of that estate. Instructions were excellent order; and under the supervision of the Agent also given to the agent to deliver to them possession of who reports from time to time its condition, repairs are the said property.

immediately made when required. For the amounts On the 20th April, the Counsellor of the Girard Estate received from this portion of the Estate, as well from furnished a written opinion on sundry points embraced stocks, loans, &c., Councils are referred to the Trea'a resolution of Councils of the 2d February last, a surer's quarterly accounts.

py of which has already been communicated to Coun- All which is respectfully submitted. s. On the same day the Executors transferred to the

JOSHUA LIPPINCOTT, President. y, certain stocks which enabled the Board to make Attest-Morgan Ash, Secretary. the appropriation for the College, which they did as lows:

The President submitted a communication signed 31 shares U. S. Bank Stock,

664,715

James Laws, agent for Eliza Stout, complaining of the 3,000 dolls. Penn'a. five per ct. Loan, 994,418

serious inconvenience sustained by petitioner from a 0,000 do. City Loan,

113,500 spring of water in the cellar of the house at the S. W. pn'a. five per cent.

227,367

corner of Second and Dock street, and praying for a

permit for laying pipes to the culvert, for the purpose 2,000,000

of draining the same. Also, a letter, signed W. A.

Martin, clerk, enclosing a resolution of the Board of in the 4th May, the Board made up the appropria- nuisance complained of

, in the manner above mention

Health, recommending the immediate removal of the for the Delaware Avenue Fund, and for other pur; ed. Referred to the Paving Committee. s, in the following manner: having first directed shares of the Union Insurance Company Stock to

Mr. Merrick presented the following petition, signed old, and the proceeds invested in the Pennsylvania by citizens residing in Market street, praying that a er cent Loan.

branch of the Philadelphia and Columbia Rail road may n'a 5 per ct, loan,

45,822 66

be extended down Market to Eighth street, which was Vuylkill Nav. Co. loan,

276,484 00 referred to the Rail Road Committee. int Carbon R. Road loan,

30,000 00 To the Select and Common Councils of the city of purdian of the Poor loan,

25,000 00

Philadelphia. n'a Insurance Co. Stock,

11,000 00 The memorial of the subscribers respectfully repreaware Insurance Co. Stock,

4,200 00 lad. Insurance Co. Stock,

4,166 67 5 per cent loan,

87,745 00

That the passage of the Philadelphia and Columbia h'a 5 per cent loan,

13,860 00

Rail Road through this city is greatly calculated to do. do.

1,721 67 promote the general prosperity of its inhabitants, and

particularly those persons engaged in receiving and $500,000 00 disposing of the produce of the interior of the state. It

is obvious however, that the benefits to be derived from letter was received from C. Loesar, Esq. Orwigs- it will greatly depend on the fact of the road being : relative to an action of cjectment for lands in carried to those parts of the city where this business tylkill county, which was referred to the Commit- has been heretofore transacted. All know the difficulin Lands, out of the county of Philadelphia.

ties and reluctance, as well as losses of changing long 1 the 8th May, a written opinion was received from established locations for the transaction of business Counsellor of the Girard' Estate, relative to the requiring much room, and connected with the other 1 of Mr. Roberts to occupy the house in South 3d branches of business necessarily fixed in their present t, rent free. The opinion is favorable to the claim location. Your memorialists owners and occupiers of r. Roberts: who, may, thefore, continue to occupy property on Market street, between Delaware Eighth house so long as he continues to be cashier of the and Broad streets, therefore respectfully request that stees of the Old Bank of the United States. The a branch of the Rail Road may be continued down Marness of the Trustees not yet being wound up, a

ket street from Broad to Delaware Eighth street, with mittee was appointed to ascertain the probable

a double or single track, as may be deemed most expetheir affairs will be brought to a close; no informa- dient. This measure is deemed necessary by your me. has yet been received.

morialists for the general interests of that trade and the the Executors of Mr. Girard, having requested in. city, as well as for the particular interests of your memo. ztions relative to the State Tax on the personal rialists. It is apparent that if a branch is not made, a perty of the Estate, the Board referred the subject large portion of the trade now transacted in this portion he Counsellor who advised that the tax should be of the city and destined greatly to increase on the comwhich was communicated to the Executors. pletion of that road, will be diverted into the Northern the Executors have notified the Board of their inten. and Southern districts adjoining the city, greatly to the I of delivering to the city possession of the house in injury and prosperity of the corporate limits of this th Water street, the late mansion of Mr. Girard: city. Should it be desired and found necessary, it is en this takes place, the income of the Real Estate believed that the funds required to effect this object will be increased by the rent which it will yield.

can be obtained from your memorialists and others with. By the liberality of the Directors of the Girard Bank, out taxing the funds of the city. the Board was offered a room in their Banking house,

Philadelphia, June 28, 1833. which has been accepted for the accommodation of the

Mr. Gowan presented the following petition from furniture, books, and papers of Mr. Girard: where they proprietors of wharves on the Delaware river, praying have been deposited.

that further proceedings of Councils in reference to On June 18th, a communication was received from Delaware avenue, may be suspended.--Referred to the Councils directing this Board to take measures for con. Committee on Delaware avenue. testing the charges made for commissions by the Executors. The subject was referred to the Counsellor To the Select and Common Councils of the city of with instructions to carry it into effect. The Board are

Philadelphia. informed that this has been done.

At a meeting of Proprietors of wharves on the river With respect to the Real Estate in the city and coun. Delaware, within the limits of the city of Philadelphia,

act,

committees were appointed on each square, to view pledged as security for the payment of a loan to Daniel and report to a meeting to be convened hereafter, in Olmstead, from the Franklin Legacy may be released, relation to the contemplated " Delaware Avenue. It he having other property to pledge, for the same pur. is respectfully suggested to Councils, that they post pose. Referred to the Committee on Franklin and pone any final decision in relation thereto, for the pre. Scott's Legacies, and the City Solicitor, with power to sent.

J. RIDGWAY, Chairman of the Meeting. Mr. Elliott presented a petition from owners of pro. Geo. BLIGHT, Secretary.

perty on Schuylkill Sixth street, between Arch and Philadelphia, July 8, 1833.

Cherry streets, praying that said street may be paved. Mr. Huston presented a petition from owners and Referred to the Paving Committee. occupiers of property on Haines street, running from

Mr. Elliott presented a bill from Lydia R. Baily, for Delaware Sixth, westward to Nicholson street, and be printing, executed under the orders of Councils, from tween Cherry and Race streets, praying that the said Dec. 1, 1832, to May 16, 1833, amounting to $1290 92.

Referred to Committee on Accounts. street may be paved.-Referred to Paving Committee. Mr. Smith presented the following remonstrance

Mr. Gilder, chairman of Paying Committee, reported against the erection of a market house in High street, an ordinance for permitting John Elliott to lay an iron which was referred to the Committee on Markets.

pipe from his chemical Laboratory in Pine street beTo the Select and Common Councils of the city of which was read a third time and passed.

iween Schuylkill Fourth and Fifth, to the Culvert,

In the Select Philadelphia.

Council this ordinance was laid on the table. The subscribers, owners of property, and residents Mr. Chandler offered a resolution directing the or transacting business in Market street between 12th Building Committee of Girard College to prepare an and 13th streets, beg leave to state, That they have account of the laying of the corner stone of the College, learned with regret, that the committee on Markets on the 4th instant, and publish 500 copies of the same, have or are about to report an ordinance to erect a mar- appended to the address of N. Biddle, Esq. ket house in Market street, between 12th and 13th Mr. Lapsley chairman of the Market Committee, of. streets. That being extensively engaged in the wes. fered a resolution, directing the committee to report an tern trade, consisting of heavy and bulky goods coming ordinance for the erection of a market house in High in wagons, and having their stores especially adapted to street, between Eleventh and Thirteenth streets. This that business, the erection of a market house would ef- resolution was supported by Messrs. Lapsley, Gilder, fectually deprive them of the convenience they now Borie, and Morris, and opposed by Messrs. Huston, have in pursuit of their usual occupations. That the Merrick, and Byerly. It was subsequently amended continuance of the Pennsylvania Rail Road through the by striking out the words " between Eleventh and city from Vine to Cedar street along Broad street, will Thirteenth streets,” and inserting, "west of Eighth very probably induce business men in Market street, to street, in, which shape the resolution was adopted. take a branch down said street-the erection of the Mr. Chandler called up for consideration the ordimarket house would render that impossible. That the nance, published in last proceedings-appropriating market for the neighborhood is as well supplied with $2500 to the use of the Trustees of Girard College, provisions of all kinds as it would be if the market house which passed a third reading, and was finally adopted. was built, the carts and wagons from the surrounding Mr. Byerly called up for consideration an ordinance, country,extending almost every Market day from Eighth published in last proceedings for the alteration and to Juniper street, and even beyond Broad street. And regulation of Delaware Sixth, between Race and Vine lastly-That they believe your honorable bodies are streets, which was finally adopted. restrained from the passing of such an ordinance by an Mr. Haines called up for consideration the report of act of the legislature regulating the building of Market the Watering Committee, in reference to the sale of houses from street to street, as may become necessary, certain city property to the Penn Township Rail Road passed March 23d, 1786—(Miller's digest p. 130.) The Company, which was a lopted. The following is the subscribers therefore respectfully and earnestly remon. i agreement: strate against the erection of the proposed Market This indenture, made this - day of July, in the year house, it being detrimental to their interests, and that of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty. of the city at large, and not in any degree required for three, between the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the accommodation of the citizens of this and the con- Philadelphia, of the first part, and the Northern Li. tiguous neighborhood,

berties and Penn Township Rail Road Company, Mr. Gilder, chairman of the Building Committee, on of the second part; witnesseth that the said party of the Girard College, made the following report:- the first part for and in consideration of the sum of one

The committee appointed to take charge of the Gi- hundred and fifty dollars unto them paid by the said rard Lands out of the county of Philadelphia, to whom party of the second part, the receipt whereof is was referred the communication of Jacob Alter, rela. hereby acknowledged, have granted, bargained, sold tive to the purchase or division of thirteen tracts of and conveyed, and by these presents, do grant, bargain, land in Schuylkill county, one-fourth of which is claim. sell and convey unto the said Northern Liberties and ed by him, report:

Penn Township Rail Road Company and their succes. That as Mr. Girard has made no provision in his will sors, all that piece or parcel of land of triangular shape, for the improvement of the lands devised by him to the situate in the District of Spring Garden, at the south city out of the county of Philadelphia, there are no west corner of Coates street and a street ageed to be funds out of which the title of Mr. Alter can be pur- laid out by the District of Spring Garden, by authority chased. And whereas, the principle value of those of a recent act of Assembly, along and on each side of lands is contained in the bowels of the earth, and con. the Columbia Rail Road, of the width of eighty feet, in. sists it is presumed in Anthracite Coal, it would be im. cluding said Rail Road, containing on each of said possible to make a just and equitable division, the com- streets sixty feet, and bounded on the south by a circle mittee are of opinion that it would be improper for the drawn from points on each of said streets, at the disCity Councils to sanction by their authority any partition tance of sixty feet from their intersection, at a radius of of those lands, they therefore offer the following: five hundred feet: To have and to hold the said pre.

Resolved, 'That the request of Jacob Alter, as con- mises to the said Northern Liberties and Penn Township tained in his communication of the 20th of June last, Rail Road Company and their successors, to and for cannot be complied with.

the use of the said company for ever, for the purpose Mr. Merrick presented a petition from Joseph Mar. of continuing and laying out their rail ways thereupon, shall, praying that certain property owned by him, and I leaving a footway on the south side thereof: Provided,

1833.)

PENNSYLVANIA.

73

and it is hereby agreed between the parties aforesaid, I ly encounter the canal of the Lehigh company, one of that if the said triangular piece of ground shall not be the most substantial and useful works of the kind in required for the purpose aforesaid, within the time of this or any country. The scenery is grand, romantic five years, or the said Rail Road should at any time and varied, especially in the vicinity of the Blue Mounhereafter be abandoned, the same shall revert back, and tain, through which he will pass by a gap made for, or again become the property of the said party of the first by the clear and beautiful Lehigh. Between Easton part upon re-payment of the purchase money aforesaid and the mountain, the riches of Pennsylvania agriculto the said party of the second part: and provided also ture are displayed in fields, as far as the eye can reach that in laying out the track or tracks of said Rail Road, from successive eminences, loaded with every produca reservation shall be made as aforesaid, on said trian- tion of the earth. The different colors of the various gular piece or parcel of land, for a footway, to be of the grains and grasses give a variety and richness to the width of at least ten feet between said Rail Road track picture that lies under the eye, that cannot be imaginor tracks, and the city property south of said piece or ed by one who has seen nothing but brick houses and parcel of land of a triangular shape as herein described, paved streets, or pine barrens and white sand. and in accordance with the plan herewith annexed. From the hotel at Mauch Chunk, once very good, I

In witness of all which, the words “within the time do not know it this season, our traveller may ascend on of five years” being first interlined, the public or cor- a rail road, about nine miles, to the mines of the compaporate seal of the party of the first part lias been heretony—and the wonders of the coal region open upon him. affixed, by the Mayor of the city of Philadelphia, by I will not stop to describe them. The distance from direction of the Select and Common Councils of the Mauch Chunk to Pottsville is about thirty miles, twosaid city, and the public seal of the party of the second thirds of which may be passed on a rail road. At Pottsparty has been affixed by the President of the Northern ville, you are amidst the creations of magic; the natural Liberties and Penn Township Rail Road Company, the magic of money, enterprise and skill.

Canals are day and year first above written.

branching in various directions, connected, by numer. Received the day of

A. D. 1833, of the ous rail roads, with the hills, more or less distant, which Northern Liberties and Penn Township Rail Road Com-contain the mineral wealth that is now distributed to pany, by

the sum of one hundred and fifty dol- several of our great cities, as well as to many parts of lars, being the full amount of consideration money the country, and the demand for which is increasing so above mentioned.

rapidly, that its extent cannot be foreseen. But, Polts. Mr. Maitland offered a resolution, directing the City ville! Where and what is this Pottsville? inquires one Commissioners to collect immediately, all arrearages who declares that it is but five or six years since he vidue from the tenants occupying Drawbridge Lot-which sited the place called Pottsville, and there was no city was adopted.

or town, or even a humble village there. He remembers The resolution of the Select Council, authorizing a nothing but steep and rugged hills, with the Schuylkill deputation of Councils to visit the Girard an? Bodinot gliding between them, silent and obscure,

So it was Lands in Schuylkill county, was taken up and concur- at a period less distant than that mentioned. But Pottsred in.

ville is now a large incorporated borough, beautiful in

its position, and imposing in its appearance. Fine From the National Gazette.

houses line a long and close-built street. Splendid ho.

tels; extensive stores supplied with every article of lux. PENNSYLVANIA.

ury or use; and, better than all, an intelligent and po. Very few of the inhabitants of Philadelphia know lished population, astonish the stranger in Pottsville. much about the State of which they are citizens. They This town has been mainly peopled from Philadelsee, around them, a beautiful, rich and flourishing city, phia, and you meet Philadelphia manners and Philadel. and they are proud of it; they hear, occasionally, of phia faces every where. It appeared to me, however, the wealth and resources of Pennsylvania, and they that this supprising establishment has, in four or five are satisfied. When health or pleasure induces them years, accomplished the growth of twenty; and that no to leave their homes, they betake themselves to swal. considerable increase can be expected for some years low nauseous waters at Saratoga; or to bask on the un. to come. There is town enough for all the apparent shaded sands of the sea-beach; or weary themselves, in feeders or wants of its position for many years. Its inbody and spirit, by pacing, to and fro, in the long piaz- habitants ought to be satisfied, if this should be the zas of fashionable watering places, without an object to case, and they can retain the strength they now enjoy. attract or reward attention. They sit day after day in A new settlement runs up to the measure of its resourthe same place, at the same table, to devour roasted ces very rapidly, and then, necessarily, grows more pigs and rice puddings, which they would not touch at slowly, with the gradual development of its resources home, and are stewed, night after night, in close and and means of increase, and what first growth, in this warm closets, called bed chambers; or spread them. country, has equalled this? selves on the tables or floor of the dining room Whe. Here a day may be well afforded to the examination ther health or pleasure be the object of these summer of the rail road constructing and nearly completed to excursions, a journey through the northern and western Girardsville, by Moncure Robinson, Esq. . This is, proparts of this state is infinitely preferable to these fash- bably, the most remarkable victory of Science and Art ionable resorts. Comfort, plenty and cleanliness are over the difficulties of Nature that has been achieved in found in the unpretending taverns on the road, and our country,--the bed made for the road on the sides of every mile opens some scene of novelty and interest, – lofty and precipitous hills,—the manner in which it is some evidence of the industry, skill, enterprise and taken

over some of them by inclined planes, and through wealth of the commonwealth.

one of them bya long tunnel,and the precision with which Let the traveller who can feel and understand such every part of this great work has been planned and exmanifestations of human power and happiness, take his ecuted, excite our highest admiration of the genius, course up the Delaware. Passing along the cultivated knowledge and skill of the distinguished gentleman un. and quiet banks of the river, and always in the neigh. der whose direction it has been formed. borhood of the Delaware canal, he will come to Easton; We leave Pottsville to its smiling fortunes and san. a large and growing town, full of business, and exhi guine inhabitants, and continue our route to Pine biting the evidences of wealth, hardly exceeded by Grove, a pretty town which has been called up from any place in the United States of the same size and the depth of the wilderness, by coal and canals. A population. In journeying from Easton to Mauch Chunk, branch of the Union canal terminates here, and from it by the way of Bethlehem, if he pleases, although a rail road runs into the hills, where coal is found of an a few miles out of the direct road, he will frequent- excellent quality, and the work of excavation is already

VOL. XII.

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