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ENGLISH REFORMERS.

CRANMER.—When we believe in Christ, and, stead. fastly cleaving to the word of God, surely persuade ourselves in our hearts, that we be thus redeemed by Christ, then God is no more angry or displeased with us for our sins, but freely and mercifully he forgiveth us all our offences, for the death and passion of his Son Jesus Christ. Then God doth not impute unto us our former sins; but he doth impute and give unto us the justice and righteousness of his Son Jesus Christ, which suffered for us.-Catechism of 1548. F. E. C., vol. ij., pp. 226, 227.

LATIMER.–Stick only to the word of God, which teacheth thee that Christ is not only a judge, but a justifier; a giver of salvation and a taker-away of sin. For he purchased our salvation through his painful death, and we receive the same through believing in him; as St. Paul teacheth us, saying, (Rom. iii. iv.), “Freely you are justified through faith.” In these words of St. Paul, all merits, and execution of works are excluded, and clean taken away; for if it were for our works' sake, then it were not freely; but St. Paul saith “freely.”Sermon on Luke i. 42. F. E. C., vol, i., p. 451.

BISHOP RIDLEY.-Who that hath true faith in our Saviour Christ, whereby he knoweth somewhat truly what Christ our Saviour is: that he is the eternal Son of God, life, light, the wisdom of the Father, all goodness, all righteousness, and whatsoever is good that heart can desire; yea, infinite plenty of all these, above that, that man's heart can either conceive or think, (for in him dwelleth the fulness of the Godhead corporally;) and also, that he is given us of the Father, and made of God to be our wisdom, our righteousness, our holiness, and our redemption—who, I say, is he that believeth this indeed that would not gladly be with his master Christ?

HOOPER.—I believe that the knowledge of sin proceedeth of the law; but the remission and forgiveness of sin cometh of the Gospel, and is given us by the only grace and mercy of God in the blood of Jesus Christ, through the faith we have therein; whereby we are

counted righteous before God, not through our good works or deservings, neither by the merits of any other creature either in heaven or in earth. For I know not, neither do I allow any other merits, but the merits of my good Lord, Master, and only Saviour, Jesus Christ, who hath merited and sufficiently satisfied for us, and hath paid for his own their debt, in wiping out the hand writing and obligation which was against us; and, in taking the same from us, hath fastened it unto the cross. Confession of Faith. F. E. C., vol. v., p. 479.

BRADFORD.-The law is a doctrine which commandeth and forbiddeth, requiring doing and avoiding. Under it therefore, are contained all precepts, threatnings, promises upon condition of doing and avoiding, &c. The gospel is a doctrine which always offereth and giveth, requiring faith on our behalf, not as of worthiness or as a cause, but as a certificate unto us; and therefore under it are contained all the free and sweet promises of God; as, “I am the Lord thy God,” &c.Epistles. F.E.C., vol. vi., p. 179.

JEWEL.—We say that man is born and does live in sin, and that no man can truly say his heart is clean: the most holy man is an unprofitable servant; that the law of God is perfect, and requires of us a full and perfect obedience; and that we cannot in any way keep it perfectly in this life; and that there is no mortal who can be justified in the sight of God by his own deserts; and, therefore, our only refuge and safety is in the mercy of God the Father, by Jesus Christ, and in the assuring ourselves that he is the propitiation for our sins, by whose blood all our stains are washed out: that he has pacified all things by the blood of his cross: that he, by that only sacrifice which he once offered upon the cross, hath perfected all things; and, therefore, when he breathed out his soul, said, “IT IS FINISHED!” as if by these words he would signify, now the price is paid for the sins of mankind.- Apology. F. E. C., vol. vii., pp. 30, 31.

MIRACLES OF CHRIST. Tae Sunday-school Teacher may copy the following for the children to find the references at home. The dayschool Teacher may write it on the black board, and give each child a strip of paper to copy it, and take it home for the same purpose. (A hint to both: make

your

lessons interesting, and there will be no difficulty in securing attention.) He caused the deaf his voice to hear, Mark vü. 32. The dumb proclaimed their Saviour near, Matt. ix. 33.

Matt. ix. 27. Mark The blind rejoiced to have their sight, viii. 22. John ix. I.

Matt. xx. 30. And the lame leaped with great delight. Matt. xi. 5. Diseases at his bidding fled,

Matt. iy. 24.

Luke vii. 12. Matt. And life revisited the dead;

ix. 18. John xi. 44. He bade the raging tempest flee,

Matt. viii. 24. He calmly walked upon the sea;

Matt. xiv. 26. And wond'ring multitudes he fed,

Matt xiv. 17. With a few fish and loaves of bread. Matt. xv. 34. By his own power he left the grave,

Luke xxiv. 34. To which he stooped, our souls to save; Philip. ii. 8. And numerous witnesses record

1 Cor. xv. 6. The resurrection of our Lord.

THE HERO AND THE MISSIONARY. NAPOLEON, the instrument in the hands of Providence, for shaking the powers of Europe, and bringing into a new shape the whole structure of its society, went on winning battles, dictating treaties, putting down kings, and overthrowing dynasties, until many were ready to deem him more than man. Some seven years after his success at Toulon, that victorious general has become the First Consul of France. It is the 24th of December, and he is driving through the streets of Paris, when a fearful explosion is heard behind his carriage. It was intended for his destruction, but he escapes it, preserved for other destinies by that Providence of which he took so little thought. The event is caught up by every gazette, and is the theme of comment in every civilized land. On that incident, the destinies of the world seem to hinge. Yet, four days after, in a far distant land, nearer the

rising sun, an event occurred, of which no gazette, as we believe, took note, but which is scarcely less significant in its results. It was Carey "desecrating,” to repeat the phrase then used, the waters of the sacred Ganges, by the immersion of the first Hindu convert. The chain of oaste has been broken. We fancy that the rabble of gods who crowd the Hindu Pantheon, looked on aghast at the sight, feeling that the blow was one well aimed, striking at the very heart of their power. When we look at durable results, which seems the more eventful incident, the escape of the great captain, or the first success of the lowly missionary? The course of the soldier, after a series of the most splendid triumphs, in which, to use his own favourite phrase, he seemed to chain victory to his standards, closed in defeat and obscurity. The great captain died on a lonely island in the ocean, his soul seething impatiently with wishes never to be realized, his mind teeming with vast projects that perished in their conception; with his parting breath muttering indistinctly and deliriously of armies which he no longer headed. But the missionary said in his later years, that he had no wish that was left ungratified. Who was then the happier man? The brilliant victories of the one se

scarcely kept space, in their number, with the dialects into which the other translated the lively oracles of God. Give to the mighty warrior the honours of an exalted intellect, with which that of the humble missionary can never be compared-give to him the unmatched influence he exercised over the diplomacy and civilization of all Europe-give to him the 2,200,000 conscripts that perished in his service, and the myriads that were sacrificed of the armies of his adversaries.

Set over against them the gates of eastern dialects opened to scholars of Europe by that missionary; Christian churches planted, and the Christian Scriptures translated; and an impulse given to the mind of heathen India, of which it is equally idle to dispute the present extent, or to calculate the future limits. Does it not seem as if each year is now effacing the monuments of the one and expanding the influence of the other? And who will show the field in which that missionary's fame and his

power were cloven down? His fame and his power, we called them. They were not his. The glory of his attempts and achievements was Christ's; and the power that wrought in him mightily, and wrought with him effectually, was Christ's. We are engaged under the banners of the same Captain of our salvation. Do the odds seem against us? The literature of the world may not be thoroughly with us. The laws of the world are not

The fashions of the world are not with us. But if God be with us, it is enough. The Prince of darkness, in mustering all his hosts to the encounter, bears on his scarred brow the print of the Master's avenging heel. Hell has been already foiled in that hour now past, which was the true crisis of the world's history; and prophecy shews us the whole earth soon to be subdued to the obedience of the faith.

with us.

THE DEITY OF CHRIST. JUSTICE once took her stand at the bar of truth. Her voice immediately flew through heaven, earth, and hell, to cite witnesses to attest the glories of the Son of God.

Infinite and finite beings were summoned, and all obeyed. Angels descend from heaven to proclaim Messiah: “Unto you is born this day a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.” Devils proclaim Messiah: “What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God?” Enemies, as well as friends, proclaim him. “I find in him no fault at all,” said Pilate. “Truly," said the Centurion, “this was the Son of God.”

Ask the water what it thinks of Jesus. It blushes itself into wine in the presence of its God; it changes itself into adamant, to form a pathway for the “Most Highest.” Ask the earth. The grave shakes death into life, to sympathize with Jesus. Ask the sun. on the robes of mourning for his murdered Lord. Ask the testimony of God himself. “This is

my

beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

Heaven, earth, and hell, once, and once only, united in their testimony; they proclaim that Christ is God. Howell, p. 258.

He puts

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