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Second Class Scholarship of £17.-No personal Allowance. Carter, Eliza .........Cambourne B. S.
Edwards, Joanna...... Cambridge B. S. Symons, Annie ......Croydon B. S.
Kendall, Sarah .Toxteth B.S. Robinson, Jane ......Toxteth B.s.
Buckley, Rachel ......Bethnal-gru., Abbey-st.B.S. Chalk, Ellen..... Sudbury B. S.
Ward, Julia ....Bridport, General Girls and Masson, Sarah. .....Bethnal-grn., Abbey-st.B.S.
Infant S. Stoker, Jane............ Carlisle B. s.
..Birmingham Dom. Miss. S. Mauldon, Hannah T.Jpswich B. S.
......... Valmouth B. S. Baker, Maria Sudbury B. S.
Case, Imogene... Pill Benevolent. Gillingham, Louisa ... Brentford B. S.
Hearn, Harriet . Banbury B. S. Hall, Isabella ......Bridport, General Girls and
Kemp, Eliza... London, Chapel-st. Dom. Infants
Miss. S. Small, Isabella.........Borough Road Model S. Taylor, Ellen ....... Liverpool, Hibernian S. Ardley, Martha Aspley Guise B. S.
Unthank, Margaret E. Darlington, Bridge-st. B. S Wise, Mary Bethnal-grn., Abbey-st.B.S. Aylward, Elizabeth...Chichester, Tower-st. B. S. Capes, Elizabeth ......Darlington, Bridge-st. B. S. Foreman, Mary A. ... West Ham & Stratford B.S. Foster, Mary Ann ... Woodbury, BroadmcadEnds. Cox, Caroline .........London, Chapel-st. Dom. Munkman, Mary J.... Boston B. S.
Miss, S. Wood, Emma .Taunton B.S.
Dunstan, Emma .Constantine B. S. Noble, Cecilia Liverpool, Hope-street B.S. Savery, Ellen S.......
..Liskeard B. S. Porter, Martha Ann..Folkestone B. s.
Coome, Elizabeth ...Falmouth B. S. Cragg, Sarah .Warrington B. S.
Harris, Sarah S.......Carlisle B. S. Fulk, Jane ............ Guildford B.S.
Morris, Anne .........Chipping Norton B.S. Jones, Ellen............Bangor B. S.
OLD SCHOLARS. We have pleasure in receiving from time to time evidences of the pains which are being taken in different parts of the country, by the managers and teachers of British Schools, to keep up an interest in the welfare of the young people who have left school. In some cases, evening classes have been formed with the best results. In others, periodical or occasional meetings for social intercourse have been held ; while here and there a little society, composed of the old pupils of a school, has organised itself into a book-club, a reading society, a music or a discussion class. One of the most striking experiments of this kind is that which has now been successfully tried for several years in connexion with the British School at Georgestreet, Lambeth. A society has been formed under the title of the “Old School. fellows' Fraternity.” It has existed nine years, in the form of a class for mutual improvement, as well as a medium for social intercourse. Its meetings have been characterised by great warmth and kindliness, and by a remarkable tone of esteem and respect towards Mr. Horrocks, who has been for many years the honoured and successful teacher of the school. The growth of this little “fraternity,” from very bumble beginnings, into what bids fair to prove a permanent and most useful society, is thus well described in the report read by the secretary at the meeting held in January last :
“We at first limited our ranks to those who had held the place of monitor in the school; but as we grew we included all whom we could trace as having passed creditably at least twelve months as scholars. Our basis, from the commencement in 1851, has been that spirit of fellowship and good-feeling existing, we believe, in a peculiar degree among those who received their education here --added to which, a universal feeling of respect and affection towards our former teacher, which has been no small motive to our unity. Our object has been from the beginning, and still is, to stimulate each other in intellectual pursuits, by emulation, to draw forth and put in action those latent powers of the mind in our members, of which even their possessors may be unaware-and many we know have to look back to a first effort made in our society as the commencement of larger efforts and greater results.
“Our members have taken various courses, in accordance with their own tastes or talents. Some have collected materials with pains, tringing facts together, drawing inferences and giving us the result in the form of essay or lecture. Some have given readings or recitations of good authors ; others have exhibited and explained the processes of their several trades, or brought curious prints and pictures. Some
have joined themselves together to form two distinct book clubs, thus getting a cheap supply of new and good works, which they can, after reading, purchase at a low rate to enrich their own libraries.
“ We have usually met four times in the course of the year, vizög on the second Tuesday in the months of January, April, July, and October. Our evenings have always been pleasantly as well as profitably occupied. At the first meeting, called by Mr. Horrocks, at his own house, on January 1st, 1851, there were eighteen present, who resolved themselves into a committee, and formed the nucleus, which has now gathered around it upwards of two hundred old schoolfellows; and this reminds us of the manner in which, as we advance, our members become scattered abroad. Out of this large number, not more than one hundred live within a mile of this spot, for no sooner does a lad leave school than his wanderings begin, and driven or tempted by the circumstances of life, he gradually grows more distant as he grows older. Thus we have members in all parts of England, a dozen in Australia, one in China, one in New Zealand, one in the West Indies, besides many moving about the world in the merchant marine, or in the army or navy. We receive communications from many of them, and lose no opportunity of letting them see that though absent they are remembered.
“The past Fraternity year commenced with the January meeting of 1859. There were then present upwards of thirty menibers. After the usual business, the adoption of the report, &c., Mr. Stiff gave a well-delivered speech, which Mr. Jaques followed up. Mr. Avill then read an “Historical Sketch of Fire Arms,' showing much research; and Mr. Arch gave an essay on “ The Prospects of Boyhood,” which indicated much original thought, and was well expressed.
“At the Spring meeting, a very warm, hearty letter was read from our distant member, Mr. G. E. Lee, of Auckland, New Zealand, and Mr. John Lewis delivered a lecture on Galvanism, with experiments, to an interested and inquisitive audience. At our Midsummer meeting, another letter from New Zealand, and one from Mr. Eykelbosch, of Malta, was read. Mr. Alexander Arch gave an essay on the “ Cotton Trade and Manufacture," and Mr. G. Skegg “ A Mechanical, Historical, and Statistical Account of the Fire Escapes in use in the present day.”
“ At the Autumn meeting, Mr. E. Stansmore was present with us, after a voyage round the world ; letters were read from several absent members. Mr. G. Butt gave an interesting lecture on “ The Art and Manufacture of Pottery,” illustrating the same by means of a potter's wheel, which a friend worked in turning various earthen vessels, and showing also a model of a kiln for consuming its own smoke, various drawings, specimens of pottery, &c.
“Thus the four meetings of the year, exclusive of the smaller meetings for special objects, have drawn together more than a hnndred of our members in twelve months, and with this peculiarity, that each successive meeting is found to consist of nearly an entire new set of faces, as few of us can afford to come many times in a year to the old spot.
“Our prospects for the coming year, the projects with which we start, will be better understood as our friends to follow me speak; but your Committee believe that you will, with them, think that the past year, though falling short of our aspirations, is, on the whole, most satisfactory."
We think a hint of some value may be derived by teachers from the recital of these facts. In this case, the initiative was taken by the master of the school; but the plan, and its entire practical realization, have been the spontaneous work of the old scholars themselves. Friendly guidance and co-operation on the part of the committee and the master have been found to do much good in such cases; but the more the class takes the form of a voluntary scciety for mutual improvement, the better it is generally found to work. It should be remembered, also, that it is only
in a good and well-managed school that the disposition to form such associations will exist. In a school in which the work is mechanical, or the standard low, in regard either to instruction or discipline, it will be impossible to create such an appetite for mental improvement, or such a feeling of loyalty and affection to the school itself, as to make the scholars anxious to maintain their old fellowship, and to continue to study or to read together. It is obviously important to sustain by every possible means a corporate character for the school, and to make every boy in it feel a personal interest in its reputation and success as a school. Wherever this interest can be created it will be found available as the best basis for future efforts, and the best security for the establishment of successful meetings of old scholars. The peculiar circumstances of each district will necessarily modify the plans to be adopted. When classes for evening instruction prove to be impracticable, monthly or quarterly meetings for reading papers or for discussion may be tried. If these are not found to succeed, a reading society for the circulation of good books and periodicals may often be easily set on foot, and be invited to meet occasionally at the school-room. But in almost all cases an annual gathering of old scholars will be found practicable, and very beneficial, both in its effect upon the young people themselves, and in its incidental action on the general interests of the school. Any influence for good which can be gained over the youths who have just entered busi. ness, and who have just begun to encounter the most serious temptations and dangers of life, is worth striving for; but at the same time it is not easy to gain, and some discouragement and failures must be looked for at first.
We shall be very glad to report in these pages the experience of any teacher who has made any progress towards the solution of this difficulty, or who is able to help his fellow-teachers with facts or hints on the subject.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.
DONATIONS, NEW ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS, &c.
£ s. d. £ s. d. BEVINGTON, A., Esq., Lombard-street, E.C.
1 1 0 BYNG, Hon. G., M.P., Albemarle-street, W.
1 1 0 CARSTAIRS, P., Esq., 4, Upper Montaguc-street, W.C..
1 1 0 CHRISTY, H., Esq., Kingston-on-Thames
1 1 0 Douglas, Sir C., M.P., 27, Wilton-terrace, S.W.
1 1 0 EDWARDS, E., Esq., Blackheath, S.E.
1 1 0 EDWARDS, S., Esq., Argyle Lodge, Tulse-hill, S.
1 1 0 EGERTON, H., Esq., 6, Old-square, Lincoln's-inn, W.C..
1 1 FRIEND, a, per Overend, Gurney, and Co.......
10 0 0 GRAINGER and Co., Uxbridge......
0 5 0 LA TROBE, Rev. P., 27, Ely-place, Holborn, E.C.
1 1 MIRBIELIES, A., Esq., Upton-park, Slough
2 2 0 MOCATTA, T. D., Esq. Gloucester-place
10 10 0 MYERS, G., Esg., Belvidere-road, Lambeth, S......
3 3 0 PERFECT, R., Esq., Reform Club, S.W.
5 0 0 S. M., per S. Gurney, Esq., M.P.
10 0 0
Subscriptions and Donations will be thankfully received by Messrs. HANBURYS and Co., Bankers
to the Society, 60, Lombard-street; and at the Society's House, Borough-road. Printed by GEORGE Unwin, of No. 8, Grove Place, in the Parish of St. John, Hackney, in the County of Middieses
at his Printing Office, 81, Bucklersbury, in the Parish of St. Stephen, Walbrook, in the City of London; and Published by The Society, at the Depository, Borough Road.-MONDAY, APRIL 2, 1860.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.
ANNUAL MEETING. The Annual General Meeting of the Society took place on Monday, the 7th of May last, at the Institution, in the Borough Road. The proceedings commenced with the examination of the Boys' School at ten o'clock. Until the arrival of Lord John Russell, the president of the day, the chair was occupied by the Treasurer of the Society, Henry Evmund Gurney, Esq. The boys were examined in the Holy Scriptures, Geography, History, Mental Arithmetic, and other branches of elementary instruction. A large number of drawings was exhibited, which had been executed by the boys of the School, of whom about thirty had received prizes for proficiency in drawing from the Department of Science and Art. Some appropriate pieces of part-music were sung by the children. At the conclusion of the examination, the noble chairman addressed a few words of counsel and encouragement to the boys, and expressed his satisfaction at the evidence which had been afforded of the continued usefulness of the Model School. The meeting, which was a very crowded one, then adjourned.
At twelve o'clock, the General Meeting of the Subscribers and Friends of the Society took place in the Girls' School-room. The Right Hon, LORD John Russell, M P., and one of the VicePresidents of the Society, again presided, and was supported by Lord Lyveden, Henry Pease, Esq., M.P.; A. Slaney, Esq., M.P.; Sir Walter Stirling, Bart.; the Revs. Hugh Allen, Samuel Martin, R. S. Hardy; Dr. Lockhart, Messrs. G. Moore, W. Ball, R. Forster, and other gentlemen.
Mr. E. D. J. Wulks, the Secretary, read the Report, from which it appeared that 250 young persons had attended the classes of the Normal College during the year, of whom 116 had been appointed to schools, and 124 are at present resident in the Institution. Of the 123 students presented at the certificate examination at Christmas last, every candidate succeeded. In the female department, the number of marks under the head of “domestic economy” and “industrial skill” was
remarkably high. In the Model Schools, the average attendance is as follows: in the boys' school it was 603; in the girls'school, 380. The total number of children who bad passed through these schools since their establishment was 87,850. The system of sehoo! inspection bad been continued with very happy results : 1,389 visits had been paid during the year to 1,170 schools, in 876 towns and villages, besides 212 visits to 150 schools in the metropolis and its inmediate vicinity. The first stone of the new Training College at Stockwell was laid on the 5th of August, by Earl Granville, the Lord President of the Council. The contract for the building was £15,572, to wbieb must be added £3,100 for the land, legal expenses, architect's commission, fittings, and furniture. Towards this total outlay of £18,672, about £6,000 might be expected from the Committee of Council on Education, and the sum of £5,342 had been contributed, chiefly by the committee and their personal friends; but the balance to be provided for on this account was over £7,000, to raise whieb an earnest appeal was presented to the friends of the scriptural education of the chil. dren of the poor. The Bangor Institution for young men was likely to be ready for opening at Christmas next, and at the present time there were twenty young men under training in that city.
Grants had also been made during the year to ragged schools and similar institutions, and an extensive correspondence had been kept up with our co ies, and foreign countries. In India, considerable progress might be made in the work of education, were it not that there was a want of duly qualified teachers. A “ Christian Vernacular Education Society had been established, and it was hoped that, through its instrumentality, the want might be supplied.
Mr. Gurney read the Treasurer's Report, from wbich it appeared that the total receipts of the year amounted to £23,305 10. 8d., including a donation of $100 from the Queen, £100 from the Duke of Bedford, and a grant of £750 from the Committee of Council on Education.
LORD LYveden, in proposing the first resolution, said,
Ladies and Gentlemen,-After the elaborate and interesting Report, with its eloquent peroration, that has been read to you by your secretary, and the equally interesting, though not, perhaps, so hopeful report, by your chancellor of the exchequer, it would be presumptuous as well as useless in me to occupy you at any length, in enforcing upon your attention the resolution which I have been requested to propose. Indeed, it would be impossible for me to do so; because, when I entered this room, I came as a spectator, unexpected ; and I did imagine that, from the admirable arrangement that is usual in this Society, everything would have been so prepared for your entertainment that more conspicuous and eloquent persons would have been engaged to address you, before I was ever thought of. My feeling, however, now, is much as might be that of one of those boys whom you have been examining, if he had been whipped up in the streets, and, all of a sudden, placed in the first class, and in the first ranks, to answer the questions which were addressed to them. Such a situation would naturally make any man or boy nervous. unfortunately, prevented from attending throughout the examination, which is always so interesting, of the boys of this school. When I have attended those examinations, they have usually filled me with different feelings,—with feelings of pride, to think how the poorer classes of our fellow.countrymen were being advanced in education and intelligence, and with feelings of some shame, to think what a number of subjects there were that I did not know, that I never have known, and probably never shall know. The reason why I must be very brief in my observations to you now is, that I am about to attend a committee which is sitting in the House of Lords, upon what is called the extension of the franchise. After I myself, my noble friend in the chair, and all other public men, bave been, for the last ten years, addressing gentlemen on the hustings who occupy small tenements at £6 rent, and