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fign. Nor can there be any impropriety in in. troducing the compofitions of others into the same congregation, however partial to him, while the doctrines, experience, and tendency of both are alike.' On the contrary, if we may judge from liis general character and conduct, were he now living to visit the churches, no one would be more forward than he to disclaim an exclusive use of his books.
The force of such considerations as these, among others, disposed many public spirited men in almost every denomination, who use Watts's Psalms and Hymns, to publish Appendices and Supplements to his Poems. We reflect moreover, that near a century has now elapsed since his Hymns were composed, in which time the divine head of the church has bestowed upon great numbers an eminent degree of the same edifying gifts. But the pious labours of our predecessors in this way, do not render another effort useless. It has been often remarked, and we think with propriety, without reflecting upon either the intentions or abilities of our brethren, that a more full and methodical collection than any which has yet appeared, would be an acceptable resent, especially to the independent denomia
nation of DiffentersWe acknowledge our obligations to all, without detracting from the merits of any.
From the list of Authors it appears that we have not been sparing of trouble in our selection. And we suppose it may be said without arro. gance, that more pains and expence have been bestowed in rendering this work deserving of public patronage than any other work of the kind in the English Language. It will also appear that we have endeavoured to discard the prejudice of party names, while nothing is admitted which is prejudicial to the doctrines of sovereign grace.
chearful improvement have been loft for want of a proper selection of words and music for the occasion. Music should not only be employed to assist devotion in acts of worship, but also made subfervient to innocent recreation, whether in a personal or social view. This suggested the propriety of appropriating the last part of the work, entitled “Varieties," to this purpose, with the further design of promoting in young people the love of facred harmony.
The use or neglect of Psalmody very much depends on the music; if this be dull, or ill adapted to move the passions ; unsuitable, or cal. culated to excite different paflions from those of the words; or not pitched in the right key (which must often be the case in the family and the congregation on sudden emergencies, and wher the leader is not possessed of extemporaneous, readinefs) psalmody will be uninteresting and therefore neglected, as a tedious, and burden. some talk. Whatever therefore tends to faci. litate a proper choice of tunes, and to pitch them with certainty, must be of essential service to this delightful exercise. Hitherto, the only helps offered to the public have been selections of Tunes published separately, and, in a few
instances, the names of them referred to in the hymn book.
To remedy this great and general defect, .. there is inserted at the end of this volume, A
Musical Index, on a new plan; confifting of near two hundred and seventy tunes; above fifty of them being entirely new melodies, adapted to all the Pfalms and Hymns of Dr. Watts, by Dr. MILLER, and also above two hundred more selected by him, some originals, and others the most favourite melodies now in use, carefully corrected. It is not pretended that all the fine melodies in use are included in this col. lection; fuch an attempt, however large the selection might be, would but prove itfelf prepofterous.
In few things is prejudice more alive, and partiality more operative, than in the choice of Tunes; what one deems fine another treats with indifferene ; and often what is heard with indifference at one time is afterwards, from certain circumstances, dwelt upon with delight. There is also a local taste in choofing and estimating the characters of Tunes; in fome places almost the whole attens
tion is confined to the Melody, in others the Harmony is the chief point. Besides, many ex. cellent Tunes are announced as private property, and therefore could not be inserted with justice in the book to which this Index refers. It remains, therefore, that, in order to render our plan more complete, every one should have an opportunity to insert an Index of his own Favourite Tunes not in this book. This is pro. vided for by the blank staves at the end of the engraved Index, the continuation of which may be made with a pen at pleasure, and with very little trouble.
In this engraved Index is inserted only the Introduction, or first part of the air. Here. by, any one who has but the flightest knowledge of the notes, will be enabled not only to find a tune suitable to the words, but also, by means of a pitch-pipe or fork, to set the tune in a proper key, without referring to any other book, often voluminous or not at hand. And, in order to afford a greater scope in the choice. of appropriate tunes, a reference is often made to two for each hymn, one of which at least will be plain and easy. It may be further observed, that the numbers in the musical Index corref.