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Our recent visit.to Montpelier gave us opportunity to exchange congratulations as old friends and to form many new acquaintances; to renew our pledges of fidelity to each other and to the stern duties of professional life. A visit to the capital gave us opportunity to examine that noble structure, the State House of Vermont, built of our native granite and supported by massive pillars of the same rock ; guarded at its entrance, by “ Ethan Allen ” cut from our native marble by our own young artist (Mead]. We were amazed to see how extensively the Laboratory of the State House has been furnished since the destructivo fire, a few years since. And some of our readers may not know the fact that in that cabinet of curiosities, is fourd a “ Skeleton of Fossil Whale, [Beluga Vermontana], dug up at Charlotte, Vt., in 1849.” Also the “ Tusk of Fossil Elephant, [Elephas Premigenius], dug up at Mt. Holly Summit, Vt., in 1848.” The whale is some 12 or 14 feet long, and appears as though he might swim well if he was not on dry land! The question here arises, how came this animal in Northern Vermont? He must have been a native of the sea. Did he drift here upon the waves of Noah's flood ? Or was Vermont once the bottom of the ocean, and since thrown up by some physical convulsion with all its buried shells and "hidden treasures ” to become ter; a firma ? . This last idea is undoubtedly the true one. A lady in Vermont owns two vases made of fossil sea shells found in the northern part of the State. How came they here, unless in the way suggested ? The trunk of the elephant also indicates a great change of climate, from some cause. Was this animal once a native of Vermont? And why not now? These changes are constantly going on, effecting the physical condition of our globe; the ocean becoming land and land the ocean ; summer becoming winter and winter summer in the different localities. To understand these effects and their causes, we must study physical geography. And why should not this interesting and important branch be introduced into all our schools ?-Pardon this episode. From the State House we went to the “High School House," that noble structure which is an honor both to the town and State. This graded school is under the supervision of D, D. Gorham, Esq., and is spoken of as one of our best schools. May they be multiplied until every town sbal} have its own.
THE VERMONT SCHOOL JOURNAL is still offered for 75 cents single copy; two copies for $1. Liberal offer for large clubs. See December No., 1863.
Mr. Editor: There has lately been a dispute in our neighborhood concerning the correct method of parsing certain words, and the parties wishing to hear the opinion of the wise, I take the liberty of appealing to such through the Journal. Will “ E. C." favor us with his views ?
1. “The ancient king reclined
(Longfellow.) Is « reclined” a perfect or a compound participle, with the word “ being” understood ?
2. In such phrases as “ The clouds look rainy," “ He looks well,” etc., are the words “rainy," “ well,” etc. adjectives or adverbs?
3. Is it not more correct to say “The cake looks nicely,” than « The cake looks nice ?"
QUID. THE PRIZE Fight.-The London Examiner takes a sensible view of the recent prize fight, and says :—" By arrangements between a railway company and the police, the law has been broken, and the great fight has taken place, to which all the blackguardism of England has been looking forward with intense interest for months. We shall not enter into the details of how two brave men pounded each other out of any likeness to humanity without a particle of animosity, to please an assemblage for the most part of the scum of the earth—thieves, ruffians, scamps of every variety and degree. Enough to say that in one round it was thought Heenan could have broken King's neck, and that great disappointment was felt and expressed at his losing so fine an opportunity.
The betters cannot be consoled. Homicide would have put twenty to one in their pockets."
OUR ACADEMIES AGAIN. BLACK RIVER ACADEMY, M. C. Hyde, A. M., Principal. The Catalogue gives whole number of different students for the year 147. Winter term begins Dec. 9. · Essex ACADEMY, Asa Sanderson, Esq., Principal, with four assistant teachers. The Catalogue gives an aggregate of 168 pupils. School doing finely.
Essex Co. GRAMMAR School is reported much more prosperous than for several years before. .
Messrs. L. A. Knigots and Enos GOULD, of N. Bennington, have leased Misses Clark's school property at Bennington, and design to run both schools at the same time. Success to them.
NORTHFIELD ACADEMY.-Spring and Summer 'terms open : Feb. 25 and May 23, 1864.
ORANGE Co. GRAMMAR SCHOOL.-See Advertisement in the School Journal,
PERIODICALS, ET CETERA.
TAE ATLANTIC MONTHLY.-Feb. No. opens with “ Genius” as a leader. Then follows My Brother and I; A Half-Life and Half a Life; On the Relation of Art to Nature, I; Snow; House and Home Papers, II ; The convultionists of St. Medard ; Presence; Glacial Period; Bryant; Annesley Hall and Newstead Abbey; The last charge; Northern Invasions. We continue to furnish the Vt. School Journal and Atlantic for $3.
THE CONTINENTAL MONTALY.—Among the able and interesting articles in the Feb. number is Thomas Jefferson, as seen by the light of 1863 ; The English Press ; The Red Man's Plea; The Angels of War; A Tragedy of Error; Was he Successful ; National Friendships; North and South. The Continental Monthly is gaining an honored place among the best periodicals of our times. Two copies for $5. One copy with the Vermont School Journal for $3.
THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.—The Dec. No. is on our table. This is the best educational journal in the world. No professional teacher can do well without it. Address Hon. H. Barnard, Hartford, Ct.
Penn. SchooL REPORT.--We are indebted to Hon. Samuel P. Bates, deputy supt. common schools, for this able report. It contains much that is interesting not only to the local reader, but to all interested in the cause of education. In Pennsylvania as well as Vermont, the relative number of female teachers is much greater than formerly, and in both States greatly to the advantage of the schools.
GODEY'S LADY's Book has a larger circulation now than any other magazine in the U. S. containing fashions, and the Feb. No. predicts that subscriptions will double in 1864. It needs no commendation from us. Address Lewis A. Godey, Philadelphia, Pa.
Books, Periodicals, Et Cetera.
ARTHUR'S HOME MAGAZINE always comes in good season and is always welcomed to our table. It is remarkably cheap-only $2 per year. Four copies for $5. Address T. S. Arthur & Co., 823 Walnut st., Philadelphia, Pa. ; The VERMONT CHRONICLE has put on a new dress and doub
led its size. As it is, the Chronicle should be sustained by the Vermont churches. In times like these, when war has opened upon every community the floodgates of vice, we need the influence of a high toned moral and religious paper, like the Chronicle. Let her subscription list be doubled.
The New Book of Choir Music recently published by Ditson & Co., Boston, entitled “ The Harp of Judah," is baving a very large sale. We bear of it from all directions.
ATWATER'S VERMONT DIRECTORY for 1864 is published, with its usual amount of interesting matter.
RICHARD COBDEN's Dictionary. In the recent correspondence between Mr. Cobden and the Editor of the London Times, the following passage occurs, in one of Mr. C.'s letters :
You will obserre in the above passage from my speech taken from your own report, that I use the words “I don't want any agrarian outrages hy which we should change all this ;" and now we must appeal to the tribunal of the lexicographer. If you turn to Webster's (quarto) Dictionary, you will find the word “agra rian " interpreted, on the authority of Burke, as follows :-Relating to lands. Denoting or pertaining to an equal division of lands ; as, the agrarian laws of Rome, which distributed the conquered and other public lands equally among all the citizens, limiting the quantity which each might enjoy.- Again, in he same dictionary, the word “ agrarianism ” is given as “ an equal division of lands or property, or the principles of those who favor such a division." Thus in repudiating the agrarian system, I repudiated in pure and unquestionable English, according to Burke, the principles of those who favor an equal division of land, ete.
So it seems our English cousins rely upon Webster, as a standard for definitions, from which no appeal is thought of.
THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND Art, for January, 1864, is on our table. It has XII articles full of interest to every scholar. Theory of Earthquakes; The Classification of Animals based on the principle of Cephalization ; On Fossil Insects from the Carboniferous Formation in Illinois ; The Density, Rotation and Relative Age of the Planets ; Researches on the Platinum Metals, are among them. Six numbers for $5.00, postage prepaid. Address Editors, New Haven, Ct.
N. B.--This journal is informed that a new Comet bar just been discovered at the observatory, Ann Arbor, Mich.
VERMONT SCHOOL JOURNAL ADVERTISER. " Advertising is the Life of Business."
RATES OF ADVERTISINGI Page-(outside cover) $ 5p for a single insertion ; $ 4,50 ir Por six months, and $ 4, if for a year. (Inside cover) $ 4, for a single insertion ; $3,50 if for six months, and $3 if for one yeas. (luside pages), $ 3, for a single insertion; $ 32, for the year.
For fractional parts of a page, the usual, proportional extra darge will be made. Eighty cents per page extra will be charged for setting type.
Advertising bills may be paid in books and other articles adver loed, at wholesale cash prices.
The Craig Microscope.
Magnifies 100 Diameters or 10.000 times.
The Microscope simplified and adapted to popular un.
This beautiful instrument, although of a High Magnifying Power, is so simple that a child can un it, for it requires no focal adjustment, therefore it neither fatigues the eye nor weanies the patience, like other Microscopes.
It reveals the unseen things of creation, and show the smallest insect to be fearfully and wonderfully made. It is an endless source of amusement, and, at the same time imparts the most valuable informa tion.
As a gift or present, it is UNSURPASSED, being ele gant, amusing and instructive
C. H. WHEELER & CO.,
Agents for New England.
Glenwood Ladies' Seminary,
Winter Session began Jan. 6. Summer Session begins A pril 21. Full Board of Teachers, and everything as it has been. Apply to
HIRAM ORCUTT, Principal. West Brattleboro, Vt.