Imágenes de páginas

Granada is surrounded with the most spacious gar- , and survey prospects; as to the comparison to a dens, where the trees are set so thick as to resemble well, delicacy itself must admire, not rensure, the hedges, yet not so as to obstruct the view of the simile. The Fourth Day opens with a dream, by beautiful towers of the Alhambra, which glitter like which the reader perceives the inclination of the 80 many bright stars over the green forests. The dreamer, and the progress of her affection; but the plain, stretching far and wide, produces such quanti- Bridegroom himself does not hear it, nor is he ties of grain and vegetables that no revenues but more favored by it, or for it; on the contrary, the those of the first families in the kingdom are equal lady permits him in the evening to sport bis military to their annual produce. Each garden is calculated terms as much as he thinks proper; but she does to bring in a nett income of five hundred pieces of gold, not, by a single word, acquaint him of any breach (aurei,) out of which it pays thirty minæ to the king. he had made in her heart. We rather suspect, that Beyond these gardens lie fields of various culture, at she rises to retire somewhat sooner than usual, all seasons of the year clad in the richest verdure, thereby counterbalancing, in her own mind, those and loaded with some valuable vegetable production effusions of kindness to which she had given vent or other; by this method a perpetual succession of in the morning. The Fifth morning is wholly occrops is secured, and a great annual rent is produced, cupied by the ladies' praises of the Bride's dress; which is said to amount to twenty thousand aurci. Ad- she herself does not utter a word; but, in the evening joining you may see the sumptuous farms belonging of that day, as the marriage was to take place on the to the royal demesnes, wonderfully agrccable to the be- morrow, she merely hints at what she could find in holder, from the large quantity of plantations of trees her heart to do, were he her infant brother; and for and the variety of plants. The vineyards in the the first time he hears the adjuration, “if bis left neighborhood bring fourteen thousand aurei. Immense arm was under her head," on the duan cushion, &c. are the hoards of all species of dried fruits, such as and the discourse, though evidently meant for her figs, raisins, plums, &c. They have also the sc-lover, yet is equivocally allusive to her supposed cret of preserving grapes sound and juicy from fondling. It must be admitted, that after the marone season to another." (Comp. Fiftu DAY, No. riage they make a procession, according to the cus20.] “N. B. I was not able to obtain any satis- tom of the place and station of the parties, in factory account of these Granada aurei, gold the same palanquin together, and here they are coins." (Swinburne's Travels in Spain, Letter a little sociable; but modesty itself will not find xxii. p. 164.)

the least fault with this sociability, nor with one We have supposed that this Sixth Day is the day single sentence, or sentiment, uttered on this of marriage; as this has not usually been under- occasion. stood, we shall connect some ideas which induce us We appeal now to the candor, understanding, and to consider it in that light. Leo of Modena says, sensibility of the reader, whether it be possible to that (1.) “The Jews marry on a Friday, if the spouse conduct a six-day conversation between persons be a maid ;" (Thursday, if a widow.)-Now Friday solemnly betrothed to each other, with greater delimorning is the time of this eclogue, supposing the cacy, greater attention to the most rigid virtue, with poem began with the first day of the week.-(2.) greater propriety of sentiment, discourse, action, de# The Bride is adorned, and led out into the open meanor, and deportment.—The dignity of the perair ;" so, in this eclogue, the Bride's mother “brings sons is well sustained in the dignity of their lanher out,” for that purpose ;—(3.) “ into a court or | guage, in the correctness of their ideas and exgarden;" so, in this eclogue, the ceremony passes pressions; they are guilty of no repetitions; what “under a citron-tree;" consequently in a garden. they occasionally repeat they vary, and improve by This eclogue, then, opens with observation of the the variation; they speak in poetry, and poetry furnuptial procession after marriage; and we learn that nishes the images they use; but these images are the ceremony had taken place by the following con- pleasing, magnificent, varied, and appropriate; they versation, in which the Bridegroom alludes to the are, no doubt, as they should be, local, and we do maiden bashfulness of his Bride, as having required not feel half their propriety because of their locality; some address to overcome. Moreover, the Bride but we feel enough to admit, that few are the authors solicits the maintenance of perpetual constancy to who could thus happily conduct such a poem ; few herself, as implied in the connection now completed; are the personages who could sustain the characters with attention to the interests of a particular friend, in it; and few are the readers in any nation, or in she transfers all her private property to her husband, any time, who have not ample cause to admire it, yet reserves a government-due to her royal parent and to be thankful for its preservation as the Song in Egypt; and the eclogue closes, both itself and OF Songs! the poem, by mutual wishes for more of each other's conversation and company. See the article MARRIAGE.

It is now time to conclude our investigation of this poem ; but we must previously observe, how Being well persuaded that the reader has never perfectly free it is from the least soil of indelicacy ; truly seen this poem before, and that (though it has that allusions to matrimonial privacies which have always been in our Bibles in prose) under the present been fancied in it, are absolutely groundless funcies ; arrangement it becomes a new poem, we have diand that, not till the Fifth Day, is there any allusion rected more attention to be given to the Plates than to so much as a kiss, and then it is covered by as | perhaps otherwise might have been done; these similation of the party to a sucking infant brother. must speak for themselves; we only say, further, The First Day is distance itself, in point of conver that in regard to the arrangement of the poem, sation ; the Second has no conversation but what our opinion advances toward a pretty strong perpasses from the garden below up to the first-floor suasion of its correctness; but as to the verwindow; the Third Day is the same in the morning ; sion, our endeavor has been to make that speak and the evening is an invitation to take an excursion, English.

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sume is meant to represent curls; the pectoral; the are close, compact, stuck together like an intimately covering of the bosom; the petticoat, its border, or woven or worked texture ;" say a carpet, diaper, naments, &c.

calico, &c. It is true, this figure shows only a Bride's DRESS.

few tresses; but we ought to extend our conception

to a much greater pumber; for lady Montague says, This figure represents an oriental lady in full dress, “I never saw, in my life, so many fine heads of hair.

from Le Bruyn. The read- In one lady's I have counted a hundred and ten er will observe the head-tresses, all natural." Now, what numerous intricacies, dress, which consists of a meanderings, convolutions, &c. would a hundred and cap set with pearls in vari- ten tresses furnish by dexterous plaiting! And as ous forms, the centre hang- long hair, capable of such ornamental disposition, ing over the forehead. On was esteemed a capital part of personal beauty, how the top of this cap rise a deeply, how inextricably, was the king—his atiection number of sprigs of jew-1-entangled in such a labyrinth of charms, adorned elry work, which imitate, in the most becoming manner, and displayed to the in precious stones, the nat greatest advantage! The sex has always been proud ural colors, &c. of the flow- of this natural ornament; and, when art and taste ers they are meant to rep- have well arranged it, all know that its effects are not resent. The stems are inconsiderable. The reader will recollect, that we made of gold or silver have already stated embarrassinents on the subject wires; and the leaves, we of the word Aregamen. We have taken some pains suppose, are made of color- to examine passages where it occurs; but we cannot

ed foil. We saw, in the acquiesce in the opinion that it means purple ; that UWAUNOVOG

former plate, that Egyptian is, the color of purple only. Nevertheless, as all the ladies wore a high-rising dictionaries, and lexicons, and concordances, are

composition of ornaments; against us, we suspend our determination. and we see in this figure, a composition little, if at all, There is a figure in Sandys, which shows the sanless aspiring. In fact, then, this head-dress renders dals, not only adorned very credible the idea of our translators, “thy head- with flowers, wrought dress upon thee is like Carmel !—whether, by Car- on them, but which, bemel, we understand mount Carmel, in which case the ing sandals only, permit allusion may be to the trees growing on it; or, as the the whole foot to be word signifies, a fruitful field, whose luxuriant vege- seen; and being heighttation displays the most captivating abundance. eners, they make the From the cap of this head-dress bangs a string of wearer seem so much pearls, which, passing under the chin, surrounds the taller than otherwise she countenance. We observe, also, on the neck, a col-would be, that the Bridegroom may well compare let of gems, and three rows of pearls. These are his bride to a palm-tree, up to whose top he designs common in the East; and something of this nature, to climb, that he may procure its fruit. This figure we presume, is what the Bridegroom alludes to, when also shows an ornament around the ankle, and a girhe says, Eclogue II. in the First Day, “Thy cheeks dle, perhaps of silver embroidery. are bright, or splendid, with bands, thy neck with col This engraving is from “Estampes du Levant," lets:” meaning bands of pearls, surrounding the and will assist to illuscountenance, and glistening on the cheeks; and col- trate the comparison lets of gems, or other splendid or shining substances, which our public transdisposed as embellishments. Observe, also, the or-lation (chap. ii. 2.) rennaments suspended by a gold chain, which hangs ders, “thy belly is a heap from the neck. These, though not, strictly speak- of wheat set about with ing, girdle-clasps, yet have much the same effect in lilies.” In the first place, point of decoration ; and are composed of precious instead of heap, read stones, including, no doubt, rubies,“ rich in mingled / sheaf, of wheat. Secondwine.” Observe the rings worn on the fingers; thely, for belly, read bodice, wrist-bands of the vest, the flowers brocaded on it, or vest; that is, the coyon the veil, &c. The figure also shows distinctly ering of the belly. Thirdthe difference between locks and tresses of hair. The ly, for set about, read locks are those which hang loosely down the temples bound about, or tied up and cheek: the tresses are those braids which natu- | with a band of lilies. In rally bang down the back, but which, in order to short, the comparison is-a vest of gold tissue, tied show their length, are in this instance brought for- up with a broad girdle of white satin, or of silver tisward over the shoulder. The reader will observe sue, like that of this figure, to a sheaf of wheat how these are plaited. Now, this mode of dressing standing on its end, and tied round its middle by a the haie seems to have little allusion to the color of broad band of lilies, twisted into itself, whose heads pur: le, or to require purple-colored ribands, or rib- would naturally hang down loosely, like the end of ands of any color. It may rather be fancied to re- the girdle of this figure. Having given the above as semble a mode of weaving, such as might be practised our idea of this comparison, it may be proper to say, at Arech, or Erech, whence it might be denominated that if the words set about be absolutely retained, then Arechmen, that is, "from the city of Arech ;” and, the silver flowers on tbis ground of gold tissue may could this be admitted, we should perhaps find some answer that idea ; but this does not appear to be so thing like the following ideas in this passage : “Thy correct a translation. We may be allowed also to head-dress is a diffuse, spreading appearance, like observe, how entirely this explanation removes every vegetation and flowers [9. chenille ?);" " Thy tresses indelicacy to which our public translation is ex


ing a circle. It! Achmet. But it shows
is necessary to dis-i a girdle, or rather the
tinguish the kind clasp which fastens it,
of throne ; because of a different nature
there are (1.) the from the former. This
musnud itself, or appears to be made of
throne of state—(2.) some solid material,
this kind of seat or (ivory,perbaps, thick-
settee-(3.) a kind ly studded over with
of palanquin (call- precious stones, where-
ed takht revan, by it corresponds per-
that is, moving- fectly with that de-
throne and oth- scribed by the Bride,
ers, all of wbich as bright ivory orer
are thrones ; but which the sapphire
their names and ap- plays : for these gems
plication are not the may as well be sap-
same in the original phires as any other. The general appearance of the

text of Scripture. sultan's figure is noble and majestic, and may answer, This figure is copied from De la Valle, and is a not inadequately, to the description given of her be

portrait of Aurengzebe, the loved by the Bride.
Mogul of India. Observe It would be a considerable acquisition to sacred
the pearls, &c. in his tur- literature if those incidents which are furnished by
ban; the collets of pearls the Greek poets, and which resemble certain inci-
and gems hanging from his dents in this poem, were collected for the purpose of
neck; the same at his wrists: comparison: they would be found more frequent
so the Bride says of her and more identical than is usually imagined. But
Prince, “his wrists, that is, this purpose would be still more completely accom-
his wrist bands, the orna- plished, by a comparison with those productions of
ments at his wrists, are cir- the Persian and Hindoo poets, which have been
clets of gold full set with brought to our knowledge by the diligence and taste
topazes.” These topazes of our countrymen in India. It may safely be said,
occupy the place of the that every line of the Hebrew poem may be illustrat-
pearls in our figure. Ob-ed from Indian sources. Even that incident, so re-
serve, also, his shoes, which, volting to our manners, of the lady's going out to
being gold embroidery, are seek her beloved by night, is perfectly correct, ac-
the bases of purest gold, from cording to Indian poetical costume, as appears by
which rise bis legs, like pil- Calidasa's Megha Duta, (line 250, of Mr. Wilson's

lars of marble. Observe, translation,) also the Gitagovinda, translated by sir too, that the stockings, fitting pretty closely to the William Jones, (Asiatic Researches, vol. j.) and othlegs, give them an appearance much more analo-ers, which have been subsequently added to the gous to pillars or columns, that when the draw- stores of English literature. Admitting, as the readers are full, and occupy a considerable space, as they er bas seen supposed in this work, that the Egypare commonly worn in the East. The reader will tians were from India, and that Abraham, the father remark the nature and enrichments of this girdle, of the Hebrew nation, was also from the East ; this which is, no doubt, of gold embroidery. The tent conformity to the manners of the original country may give some idea of that of Solomon, to which by an Egyptian princess, consort of a Hebrew king, the ladies compare the Bride ; they say she is “at- could include no difficulty arising from any imputatractive as the tent of Solomon;" and certainly a tion of indelicacy; especially as the poet explicitly tent so ornamented and enriched, so magnificently assigns the entire occurrence to a dream. embellished, is attractive; attractive in the same manner as a magnificent dress, when worn by a CAPERNAUM, a city on the western shore of the person. If this tent be of black velvet, the golden sea of Galilee, on the borders of Zebulun and Naphenrichments embossed upon it must have a grand ef- tali, and in which our Saviour principally dwelt durfect. It should be recollected, that the passage de- ing the three years of his public ministry, Matt. iv. mands the strongest contrast possible to the “tents 13; Mark ii. 1; John vi. 17. Buckingham, Burck. of Kedar," or the black tents of wandering Arabs; hardt, and some other writers, believe it to have been and, were it not for a following verse, the reference the place now called Talhhewn, or Tel Hoom, which should be to the Bride's dress—discomposed-all in is upon the edge of the sea, from 9 to 12 miles N. N. a flutter-after a long journey, from which she is E. of Tiberias, and where there are ruins indicative but alighted at the moment-rather than to her per- of a considerable place at some former period. Dr. son, or complexion, which subsequently is described Richardson, however, in passing through the plain as fair, &c. by terms absolutely incompatible with of Gennesareth, inquired of the natives whether they blackness or swarthiness. The coverings annually knew such a place as Capernaum ; to which they sent by the grand seignior for the holy house at replied, “Cavernahum wa Chonasi, they are quite Mecca, are always black. Mr. Morier has delineated near, but in ruins." This should, perhaps, induce us a tent, intended to represent that of the prophet, the to fix the site of Capernaum farther south ; but our front of which is all but covered with jewels; the Saviour's denunciation against it seems to have been whole sides and the top with ornaments, shawl-pat- literally accomplished ; and it has been cast down into terns, &c. (Travels in Persia, vol. ii. p. 181.) the grave, for hitherto no satisfactory evidence has

This is a portrait of the grand seignior, sultan | been found of the place on which it stood, Matt. xi. 23.

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