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“ less palatable to the people of that part “ of the united kingdom. He discovered “ from enquiries, that so far from its uniting “ and consolidating the affections of the “ Irish with those of the British, a general “ discontent and disgust at the measure “ seemed to pervade all ranks of people “ throughout that country.”

The uniform conduct of the British Government and the Imperial Parliament to, wards Ireland, since her incorporate union with Great Britain, has tended rather to disappoint and irritate than to soothe and conciliate her affections for Great Britain, Not one of those flattering objects have been realized, which the Irish before the Union had been taught to expect from the liberality of an Imperial Parliament, uninfluenced by the local prejudices of their own senate. As every effort to improve the condition of Ireland, attempted in the Imperial Parliament, has failed, the Irish naturally consider the redress of their grievances more remote and desperate, than whilst they had a Parliament of their own. To the Imperial Parliament they send not one-sixth of the representatives, and can

therefore claim no controul over the present House of Commons. Although the representation of the Irish House of Commons were heretofore imperfect and corrupt; yet reflection and repentance now produce con. viction, that the reform of the representation rested with the electors. The extinction of the Irish Parliament has rendered their reasoning fruitless, and their repentance unavailing, Great Britain has thus assumed the ungracious system of rejection, by which she must necessarily loosen the ato tachment, forfeit the confidence, and extinguish the respect, which the Irish have ever · been disposed to entertain for her. The Irish are nationally and individually grateful. The Author, from the high estimation, in which he holds their innate spirit, talents, and powers, has exerted his humble efforts to render them an act of national justice, by a true historical representation of what they were, and what they are.

CONTENTS

to

VOLUME I.

A DISSERTATION on the ÀNTIQUITY of Irişi
His TORÝ.

, p. 1

Irish history generally misrepresented-Use of history- Pretené

sions of high antiquity-Indifference to past events— Parties
for and against the authenticity of Irish history-Intent of the
dissertation - Diversity of national characters--Partiality and
incompetency of British writers in Irish affairs-British writers
treat the antient history of Ireland as wholly fabulous-Gene-
ral nature of the dissertation -General substance of the antient
history of Ireland-No improbability or impossibility in the
substance of the account-History rests upon moral certainty-
Mere denial insufficient to overset history – Nothing com-
mands credit without some external evidence- Facility of tra-
dition-Tradition not confined to one line of the patriarchs-
Division of the earth amongst Noah's progeny-Abbreviation
of the days of man--Confusion of the human tongue at Babel —
Longevicy no patriarchal privilege-Links of tradition between
Adam and Moses— Prejudices in favour of Greece and Rome
-Consequence of the Mosaic era to the authority of the Irisha
anaals-Noah probably knew the state of the whole ante-
diluvian population-Original perfection of Adam in mind
and body-How knowledge transmitted from Adam-Allot-
ment of the earth amongst the descendants of Noah's three
sons--First population of the islands--Milesian annals about
VOL, I.

1300 years A. C.-Coincidence of the antemilesian annals
with Josephus–Objections of the Pyrrhonites--Phænicians
originally of Scythian origin : Phænius or Feniusa Farsa-
Niul settled on the Red Sea when Moses passed it—Reasons
of the episode about Caperchiroth — Pihachiroth and Caperchiroth
the same-How the veracity of Irish annals proveable_The
higher the antiquity, the greater the probability of truth-
Pretensions to high antiquity favour its claim - Language the
pedigree of nations—The Irish the old Scythian or Pelas-
gian tongue-Antiquity of the language now spoken by the
Irish-Grounds of the authenticity of the ancient annals-Of
etymological proofs—Ancient custom of celebrating great
events in verse-Greater certainty upon the introduction of
writing-Objections to the reality of a Milesian race-Sacred
and profane history confined to a small portion of the inhabited
globe--Origin of distinct nations—The immemorial use of the
language of these annals, strong proof of their authenticity-
Written documents the strongest evidence of past events
The first profane historian was a Phænician, and lived about
1300 years before Christ-Sanchoniatho's history preserved by
Eusebius – The ancient characters of the Irish-Contrast of
Mr. Davies and Dr. Ledwich's treatment of the learned Val-
lancey-Religious institutions prove the derivation of nations-
Of the import of the word Baal or Bel - Coincidence of Irish
annals, and Sanchoniatho's Phænician history of druidical
institutions---Antiquity of druidism-Interesting importance of
the druidical institutions--Druids traduced by the Romans
Druids in Mona-Their retreat into Mona examined-Mona
the island of druidism--Why Mona called the sacred island-
Scotland colonized from Ireland--Mona called the sacred island
-Ogham of the ancient druids--Cabyric mysteries-Great anti-
quity of the Cabyric rites-Eleusynian mysteries—The Cumaan
Sibylla Lucan's picture of druidism_Paganism of the ancient
Irish-Other proofs of Irish antiquity-Ancient encouragement
of music-Antiquity of the bagpipe - Profession of music ho-
porable in the time of Moses--Antient Irish character – Fur-

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