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1. From the Evidence of the thing
it self; as that two and two make four, the whole greater than
a part.. 2. From Ratiocination, gathering it
from the necessary Connexion of it with some known Truth. This is not Faith but Science, Scire est per causas scire, Arist. which if it be not certain is call
ed Opinion. There are two forts upon which our Faith may be grounded. 1. Humane. Because Men attest it. Upon
this Faith all civil Commerce is grounded. By this we believe Histories and other things which we never saw, Job.
iv. 39. 2. Divine. Which is certain and infallible,
1 John v. 9. Rom. iii. 4. For, 1. God is of infinite Knowledge,and there
fore cannot be deceived, Pfal.cxlvii. i 5. i San. ii. 3. 71.71 nigh 48. Heb. . iv. iz. 2. Of infinite Goodness and Truth, that
he cannot deceive us, Deut. xxxii. 4. Tit. i. 2. He cannot deny himself, 2 Tim. ii. 13. nor lie, Heb. vi, 17, 18. Being Truth it self. Hence we have all the Reason in the World to believe what he faith upon that very Account because he faith it, otherwise we give
Truth the Lie, 1 7obn v. 10. How hath GOD revealed and attested any Truth, so as to make it an Object of divine Faith? 'I. GOD sometime revealed his Will immediately by himself, or an Angel re
presenting himself as to Noab, Gen. vi. 12, 14. Heb. 11. 7. to Abraham, Gen.
xvii. 1, 2. Heb. xi.8. 2. Sometime by Moses and the Prophets, by
whom he revealed his Will, and con
firmed it by Miracles,2 Pet. i. 20,21. 3. By his own Son, Heb. i. 1. 4. By his Apostles immediately inspired by
the Holy Ghoft, Job.xvi. 13. and xiv. 26.
Word, i Thef. ii. 13. ,
Apostles, 2 Tim. iii. 16. John xx. 31.
phecs, Eph. ii. 20.
clefiarum fundamenta locantur, Hieron. Hence therefore the whole Word of GOD is the Object of true Faith; which is therefore defined by the Apostle. The irósaris, the Substance of all the Promises that GOD hath made, and the easy xos, Evidence of all the Truths he hath revealed, Heb. xi. 1.
1. The Substance of things hoped for.
yet we hope for many.
mise of GOD. 3. Faith is the Substance of the things we
hope for from the Promises of GOD, so as to give us Possession of them, being as fully perswaded that we shall have them, as if we had them already, Heb.xiii ,6. Rom. viii. 38. 2 Cor. v. 1. 2 Tim. iv.7,8.
2 PET. i. s. Add to your faith virtue. Hat are we to understand by Virtue? I. Virtue signifies, 1. Probity or goodness of Manners in general,
the whole Duty of Man, the Art of do
ing good and living well. Ars ipfa bene recteq; vivendi virtus a veteribus
definita eft. Aug. So it is taken, Phil iv. 8. So some understand it here for Virtue in gene
ral, the particulars being after named. In this sense the word implies, 1. That to our Faith we must add good Works, do well as well as believe well.
· They are good Works, Fam. ii. 14, 18.
1. That are commanded, Ifa. i. 12, 13.
Mat, xv, 4, 9. 2. That we do because commanded, 1 Sam,
XV. 22. n. 3. That we do to the glory of GOD,
Mat. vi. 1. I Cor. x. 31. : 2. That we content not our selves with some
few good Works now and then, Mark
vi. 20. Aits xxvi. 28, 29. 3. But that we do all manner of good Works
that we are commanded, Psal. cxix. 6.
Col. i. 10. Luke i. 6. . 1: There is the same reason for all, that
there is for one, .. 2. He that doth not do all, doth none, . : Jani. ii. 10. !") 3. The want of one will ruin you as well
as the want of all, Ezek. xviii. 30. II. By Virtue is commonly understood the habit of doing good.
1. Wherein doth it consist? Whereby,"
1. We are enclined to it, Theff. iv. 9.
xxi. 15. Psal. xix. 9, 10.
1. The Word should be engrafted in us; ... 7am. i. 21. . 2. We should put on the new Man, Col.
Ïi. 10. 2 Cor. V. 17. 3. Be transformed into the Image of Chrift,
Rom. xii. 2. and rise with him, Rom.
vi. 5, 6. 4. Without the habit the act will soon
: cease, Col. i. 21, 22, 23. Vol. I.
2 Pet. i. si
Add to your faith virtue. III. V Irtue is taken for Fortitude and Valour,
V for Courage and Resolution in the ways of GOD, and good Works, 'Ayd sibeats, ug all citate, I Cor. xvi, 13. 1. Wherein doth Virtue in this fense especially
confift? 1. In undertaking and performing whatsoever
is required of us, how difficult or hazardous foever it be, Heb. xi. 8. Jer.i. 7, 8, 17. Acts iv, 10, 13, and ix. 29. Phil. i. 14, 20.
. 1. Not