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A. D.)

A.D. Arovan, Bard to Selyv ab Cynan,

640 r Llyur o Gaer-Vyrddin, i. e. The black Meigant, Bard to King Cadwallon ab Cad. Book of Caermarthen, which is in Hengwrt van, about the year

660 Library, Meirionyddshire, supposed to be one Llevoed Wynebglawr, a Bard,

660 of the oldest Welsh manuscript now extant : it is Golyddan, Bard to King Cadwaladr, 670 a quarto size, consisting of 108 pages, and

John Erigina, or Patricius, born at St. David's, contains the works of the Bards of the sixth a very learned Latin Historian, and chief Pre- century. The first part of it is very ancient ; ceptor to King Alfred,

860 the writer unknown; and the latter part of it is Afler Menevensis, a British Historian, and Tu- thought to be transcribed from other old manutor to King Alfred, and to his children. He was scripts by Cynnddelw Brydydd mawr, i. e. the first Professor of Oxford, and Author of Cynddelw the celebrated Bard, about A.D. 1150 the life of Alfred,

Owain Cyveiliog, Prince of Powis, a Bard, 1160 Geraint, y Bardd Glâs or Gadair,

880

Gwynvarda Brycheiniog, Bard to Prince Mab Crøg, a Bard, 880 Rhỹs ab Gruffydd,

1160 Blegwryd, or Blegabredus, a British Historian, 914 Dygynnelw, son of Cynddelw, a Bard,

1170 Ionas Mynyw, a Bard,

920

Giraldus Cambrensis, a learned British Hiftorian,

1190

Llywarch Brydydd y Moch, Bard to Prince Meilir Brydydd, Bard to Prince Gruffydd ab Llywelyn ab Iorwerth,

1200 Cynan, about

IICO Morris Morgannwg, a Rhetorician and Poet, 1220 Cellan Bencerdd, chief Bard of the Harp to Einion, the son of Gwalchmai of Treveilir, Prince Gruffydd ab Cynan,

1086 Bard to Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, or Prince Llewelyn, and Gwrnerth, two Powillian Llewelyn the Great,

1230 Grammarians and Poets, ,

Daniel ab Llosgwrn Mew, a Bard, Bleddyn Ddû was y Cwd, a Poet,

1090

Hên Gyrys o lâl, Bâch Buddugre; or
Y Bergam, o Vaelor, in Denbighshire; a Cwyddvarch Gyvarwydd: a celebrated collector
Poet, about
1090 of Welsh proverbs, about the year

1216
Robert Duke of Normandy, brother to Wil- Meddygon Myddvai, who wrote a British
liam Rufus; who, about the year 1106, was book on Physic and Surgery, by order of
confined by King Henry the First 28 years Prince Rhys Grŷg, about the year

1230 in Cardiff Castle : during that period he is said Yitudvach, a Poet, and Warrior, who is often to have acquired a perfect knowledge of the celebrated by the Bards for his hospitality; Welsh language and poetry, and to have been also, a collector of Welsh proverbs: of whom admitted a Welsh Bard. This singular circum- Davydd ab Gwilym says: stance is recorded in an old Welsh history of

Gwir a ddywawd Ystudvach, the Lords of Glamorgan, from lestin ab

Gyda'i feirdd yn cyfeddach." Gwrgant, down to Jasper Duke of Bedford.

Einion Wan, a Bard,

1 240 Bishop Urban, writer of Liber Landavensis, 1119 Adda Vrâs, a Poet and pretended prophet, Gwrgant ab Rhộs, a celebrated Bard, 1130 of Is-Conwy, in North Wales, about

1240 Caradoc of Llancarvan, a British Historian, 1130 Phylip Brydydd, a Cardiganshire Bard,

1250 Jeffery of Monmouth, a British Historian, Einion ab Gwgan, a Bard,

1250 and Bishop of St. Asaph,

1140 Bleddyn Vardd, Bard to Llywelyn ab GruHowel, the son of Owain Gwynedd, a Bard, ffudd, the last Prince of Wales

1260 and a Prince,

1140 Davydd Benvras, Bard to the said Llywelyn, Peryv ab Cadivor, a Poet,

1140 who was betrayed at Buellt in the year 1282. . Elidir Sais, an eminent Poet,

1170 This Bard enumerates twenty battles that his Gwalchmai, the son of Meilir, Bard to Prince prince fought. Flourished about

1260 Owen Gwynedd,

1150 Meilirab Gwalchmai, Bard to Llywelynthe last,1260 Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Bard to Prince Cafnodyn Vardd

1260 Owen Gwynedd; to Madog ab Meredydd, Gwilym Ryvel, a Poet, and Warrior, 1260 Prince of Powis ; and to Prince Davydd ab Gruffydd ab yr Ynad Côch, Bard to the last Owen Gwynedd, 1160 Prince Llywelyn,

1270 Edeyrn

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16

CHRONOLOGY OF THE ANCIENT BRITISH BARDS.

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A. D.

A.D. Edeyrn Davod Aur, a Bard and Grammarian, 1270 Llyur-Cóch, (which is still in Jesus College LiMinwyn, a Grammarian and Poet,

brary, Oxford,) from a very ancient manuscript, Llygad Gwr, a Bard,

1270 called Llyur Hergeft*. Ednyved Vychan, a Bard,

1270 Davydd ab Edmwnd, yr Awdur ariandlysog, Einion Offeiriad, o Wynedd ; a Rhetorician or chief Bard,

1459 and Poet,

1280 Gutto o'r Glyn, Bard to Llan Egwell, or Vale Seisyll Bryfwrch, a Bard, 1280 Crucis Abbey, in Denbighshire,

1450 Llywelyn Vardd ab Cywryd,

1280 Guttyn Owain, 2 Herald Bard, and Historian; Y Prydydd Bychan, o Ddeheubarth, 1280 refided chiefly at Ystrad Ffur Monastery in Cadwgan ab Cynvrig, a Poet, 1280 Cardiganshire,

1480 Gwilym ddû o Arvon, Bard to Pr. Llywelyn 1320 Cynvrig ab Gronw, a Poet and Genealogist,

Dr. Davydd Ddû, o Hiraddug, in Flintshire; who flourished about 1450. This Bard, and a Bard and Grammarian: from his knowledge Syr Meredudd ab Rhýs, who flourished in 1440 in Chemistry and natural philofophy, he got the mentions the discovery of America, by Madoc, name of a magician; he lived about the

year 1340 son of Owen Gwynedd. Trahaearn Brydydd Mawr, or Trahaearn the Davydd Nanmor, an eminent Bard of Meinoted Bard, 1370 rionethshire,

1460 Davydd ab Gwilym, or Davydd Morganwg; Iorwerth Vynglwyd, Bard to Margam Abbey Bard to Ivor Hael, (Lord of Maesaleg, in Mon- in Glamorganshire,

1460 mouthshire,) and to the monastery of Strata Iorwerth Cyriog, a chair’d Bard,

1460 Florida 1370 Llywarch Bentwrch, a Poét,

1460 Mabclâv ap Llywarch, a Bard,

1370
Sir John Leiaf, a Herald Bard,

1480 Howel Ystoryn, a Poet,

1380

Gruffydd ab Llewelyn ab Evan Fychan, a Yr Ystus Llwyd, a Poet, 1380 Herald Bard,

1485 Sir John Gower, a native of Gwŷr, or Gower.

Inco Brydydd,

1482 land, in Glomorganshire ; the first English

levan Llwyd Brydydd,

1480 Poet, and Laureat to King Richard II. to whom Rhậs Nanmor, Bard to King Henry VII. 1480 he dedicated his works, about the year 1380

Tudur Aled, of Dyffryn Aled, in DenbighDr. Johnson, in his History of our English shire, a celebrated Bard,

1490 Language, says, “ The first of our authors, Lewis Morganwg, pencerdd y tair talaith, or who can be properly said to have written Eng- chief Bard of the Principality of Wales; and lish, vas Sir John Gower ; who, in his Confef- domestic Bard to Neath Abbey

1510 fion of a Lover, calls Chaucer his disciple, and Syr Huw Pennant, Offeiriad, and Bard, 1510 may therefore be considered as the Father of Gruffydd of Hiraethog, (in Denbighshire) an English Poetry.”

excellent Bard, that flourished about the year, 1530 Llywelyn Moel y Pantri, a Bard, 1400 He was the preceptor of four eminent poets at one

Syr Gruffydd Lhwyd, ab Davydd ab Einion, time; and being asked, which of his pupils had the chief Bard to Owen Glyndwr, the last Welsh brightest genius; he returned the following answer: Chieftain,

1400 “ Dysgedig Sion Tudur. The learning of Shôn Tudur; Llywelyn Gôch ab Meurig hên, o Nannau, 1400, Govalus Symwnt Vychan. The diligence of Simwnt lolo Gôch, Lord of Llechryd, in Denbigh

Vychan; fire, a Bard,

1400 A venyddawl William Cynwal. The prolific genius of Ithel Ddû, o Vro Veilir, in Anglesey, called

William Cynwal; Dryw'r Gerdd, i.e. The Druid of Song, 1400 Ond, nid oes dim cuddiedig But nothing is unknown

Rhys Gôch o Eryri, of Havod Garregog, rhag William Llyn." to William Llŷn. near Snowdon, a Bard,

1420 For the list of the succeeding Bards, I must refer Llywelyn, or Lewis Glyn-Cothi; a Bard, and my readers to the end of Dr. John Davies's Antiqua an officer under Jasper, Earl of Pembroke, 1450 Lingua Britannica. And to Mr. Edward Lhuyd's Ca. This Bard transcribed most of the old Welsh talogue of ancient British Manuscripts, and Wellh wripoems and records, in a folio volume, called ters, in his Archæologia Britannica, p. 225, 258, &c.

Aneurin

# The MS. Record of Llandaff is fill extant, commonly called the Book of St. Teilo, or Eliud, the second Bishop of that see, who flourished in the reign of King Arthur ; and of which, I have a Transcript.

A Monumental Inscription of an Orchdruid, found at Zwickau in Veightland,

a province of upper Saxony.
Δυρραλεις Δεουιδων Μεγιόλος.

Durbaleis, Greatest of the Druids.
A Monument of a Bard, in Dymarchion Church, Flintshire).

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Moros Griffith delin 1806. & Ja! Basiro scuip

The Tomb of DAVYDD DDŰ, of HIRADDUG, Archdeacon of Diserth , and Vicar of Tremeirchion, in Flintshire ; who was a learned Bard, and flourished between the years 1310, and 1380. He wrote a British Grammar ; CYWYDD DYSGEDIG, or the learned Ode ; and invented three of the metres in Welsh Poetry ; see page 8 and 9, of the 2nd Volume of this work. He was likewise Author of a Pious Ode ; and has given an elegant poetical translation of the TE DEUM, and several of the Psalms; which are preserved in the 1.* Volume of the Archaiology of Wales, page 536,& 559. He possessed great knowledge in natural Philosophy, Chymistry, and Mathematicks; which got him the name of a Conjurer, among the vulgar; and there are many strange stories told of him in Wales to this day.

Pubashed as the da dirt for fi jone. Tante Palace 1806

Aneurin Gwawdrydd, mychdeyrn Beirdd', that is, Aneurin with the flowing Muse, King of the Berds ; (brother to Gildas Albanius, the British historian,) who lived under the patronage of Mynyddawg of Edinburgh, a prince of the North ; whose Eurdorchogion, or warriors wearing the golden Torques ; 363 in number, were all flain, except Aneurin and two others, in a battle with the Saxons at Cattraeth, on the eastern coast of Yorkshire. His Gododin, an Heroic Poem, written on that event, is perhaps the oldest, and noblest production of that age. Being composed in a northern dialect, that of the men of Deira, and Berniciat; it is at present in many places difficult and obscure g. The following passage, versified by Mr. Gray, from Mr. Evan's specimens, will, though a fragment, give an ample proof of the genius of Aneurin *.

ODE

Selected from the Gododin.
Gwyr â aeth Gattraeth feddfaeth feddwn,

Had I but the torrent's might;
Ffyrf frwythlawn oedit cam nas cymmhwyllwn, With headlong rage, and wild affright;
I am lafnawr coch, gorfawr, gwrmwn,

Upon Dëira's squadrons hurld,
Dwys deng yn ydd ymleddyn aergwn.

To rush, and sweep them from the world! Ar deulu Brynaich be i'ch barnaswn,

Too, too secure, in youthful pride Diliw, dyn yn fyw nis gadawfwn,

By them my friend, my Hoel, died, Cyfaillt å gollais, difflais oeddwn,

Great Kian's son ; of Madoc old Rhugl yn ymwrthryn, rhyn rhiadwn.

He ask'd no heaps of hoarded gold; Ni mynnws gwrawl gwaddawl chwegrwn,

Alone in nature's wealth array'd, Maban y Gian o faen Gwyngwn.

He ask'd, and had the lovely maid. Pan gryfai Garadawg i gåd,

Have ye seen the tusky boar Mab bacdd coed, trycbwn, trychiad,

Or the bull, with fullen roar, Tarw byddin yn nhrin gymmyniad,

On surrounding fues advance ?

So Caradoc bore his lance.
Ef lithiai wydd gwn o'i angad.
Arddyledawg canu, cymmain'o fri,

Vedel's name, my lay, rehearse,
Twrf tân, a tharan, a rhyferthi,

Build to him the lofty verse, Gwryd adderchawg marchawg mysgi

Sacred tribute of the Bard, Rhudd Fedel rhyfel á eidduni. .

Verse, the hero's sole reward. Gwr gwnedd, difuddiawg, dyg ymmyni y'nghad,

As the flame's devouring forces
O’r meint gwlad yt gływi,

As the whirlwind in its course,
As the thunder's fiery stroke;

Glancing on the shiver'doak;
Gwyr á deth Gattraeth buant enward;

Did the sword of Vedel mow Gwin a medd, ac aur fu eu gwirawd,

The crimson harvest of the foe. Blwyddyn yn erbyn urddyn ddefawd,

To Cattraeth's rale, in glitt'ring row Try-wir a thriugaint a thrichant eurdorchawd, Twice two hundred warriors

go; O'r sawl yt gryfafant uch pornant wirawd,

Ev'ry warrior's manly neck Ni ddiengai namyn tri o wrhydri ffofawd,

Chains of regal honour deck, Dau gatgi Aeron, a Chynon daearawd,

Wreath'd in many a golded link : A minnau o'm gwaedffrau gwerth fy ngwenwawd.

From the golden cup they drink Aneurin was one of the most celebrated Bards of his time, Nectar that the bees produce, and chieftain among the Otodinian Britons: he flourished about

Or the grape's extatic juice + In the time of the Ancient Britons, and in the infancy of Flulh’d with mirth, and hope, they þurn; the Saxon government, the kingdom of Deira, included 'ch counties of Yorkshire, Durham, Lancalhire, Weltmoreland, and But none from Cattraeth’s vale return, Cumberland : and Bernicia, extended from the Tyne, to the Save Aeron brave, and Conon strong, Frith of Edinburgh. Evans's Differtatio de Bardis, p. 68,69.

(Bursting thro' the bloody throng), It appears, that Aneurin had 19 brothers and 4 fifters ; viz. And I, the meanest of them all, The names of the children of Caw, of N. Britain, (Lord of Cwm Cawlwyd). “ Dirinic. Celydd. Ulic. Echmic. Côv. A. That live to weep, and sing their fall. neirin. Gwyddrain. Sampson. Bangar Cyhelyn. Girgad. Huail. Gildaw. Aeddan. Gallgo. Dyvnwy. Gwrddolew. Awan. Ceidio. Amongst these, it seems that five of them were celebrated Caean. -Gowyilog. Pergein. Gwenebeth. Gwennobrwy.

Bards: viz. Aneirin. Gildas. Cybelyn. Avan. and Cian."

Taliefin

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A.D. 510

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