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Ill breeding.-Integrity.-Indian.-Ignorance.


ILL breeding, fays the abbé Bellegarde, is not a fingle defect, it is the refult of many. It is fometimes a grofs ignorance of decorum, or a ftupid indolence, which prevents us from giving to others what is due to them. It is a peevish malignity, which inclines us to oppofe the inclinations of thele with whom we converfe. It is the confequence of a foolish vanity, which hath no complaifance for any other perfon; the effect of a proud and whimsical humour, which foars above all the rules of civility; or laftly, it is produced by a melancholy turn of mind, which pampers itself with a rude and difobliging behaviour.-Fielding.


INTEGRITY without knowledge is weak, and generally ufelefs; and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.-Johnson.


LO! the poor Indian! whofe untutor'd mind
Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind;
His foul, proud fcience never taught to flray
Far as the folar walk, or milky way;
Yet fimple nature to his hope has giv❜n,
Behind the cloud-topt hill, an humbler heav'n;
Some fafer world in depth of woods embrac❜d,
Some happier ifland in the wat'ry wafte,
Where flaves once more their native land behold,
No fiends torment, no Chriftians thirst for gold.
To be, contents his natural defire,


He-afks no angel's wing, no feraph's fire:

But thinks, admitted to that equal sky,

His faithful dog fhall bear him company-Pope.


THE man who feels himself ignorant, fhould, at leaf, be modeft.-Johnson.

ASSUMING ignorance is, of all difpofitions, the most ridiculous; for, in the fame proportion as the real man of wifdom is preferable to the unlettered ruftic, fo much is the ruftic fuperior to him, who, without learning, imagines himfelf learned. It were better that fuch a man had never read; for then he might have been confcious of his weakness: but the

half-learned man, relying upon his ftrength, feldom perceives his wants till he finds his deception paft a cure.-Goldsmith.


MAY one be pardon'd, and retain th' offence?
In the corrupted currents of this world,
Offence's gilded hand may fhove by juflice;
And cft 'tis feen, the wicked prize itself
Bays out the law. But 'tis not fo above;
There, is no hufling; there, the action lies
In his true nature, and we ourfelves compell'd,
Ev'n to the teeth and forehead of our faults,
To give in evidence.-Shakespeare.

-FOR in a government
Th' offence is greatest in the inftrument
That hath the power to punith; and in laws
The author's trefpafs makes the fouleft caufe.-Nabb.


AN office that requires the pureft mind!
They whom their country choose for fuch a trust,
Upon whofe verdict, as on fate, depend
Our properties, our lives, and liberties,
Shou'd to the awful feat of juftice bring
An ear that's deaf to the deceiver's voice,
A breaft untainted, and a hand unftain'd;
And he that fills the folemn judgment-feat
Shou'd not too rafhly pafs the dreadful fentence
On the accus'd, but weigh each circumstance
'Till not a fingle doubt's left in the fcale;
Then judge with reafon, and decree with truth.-Cooke.


OF all the virtues, justice is the best;
Valor, without it, is a common pest:
Pirates and thieves, too oft with courage grac'd,
Shew us how ill that virtue may be plac'd:
'Tis our complexion makes us chalte or brave;
Juftice from reason, and from Heav'n we have :
All other virtues dwell but in the blood;
That in the foul, and gives the name of good:
Juftice the
queen of virtues!-Waller.

THERE is no virtue fo truly great and god-like as justice. Most of the other virtues are the virtues of created beings, or

Fuftice. Judgment.


accommodated to our nature as we are men. Juflice is that which is practifed by God himfelf, and to be practifed in its perfection by none but him. Omniscience and Omnipotence are requifite for the full exertion of it: the one to discover every degree of uprightnefs in thoughts, words, and actions a the other, to meafure out and impart fuitable rewards and punishments.

As, to be perfectly just is an attribute in the divine nature, to be fo to the utmost of our abilities, is the glory of man. Such a one, who has the public administration in his hands, acts like the reprefentative of his maker, in recompenfing the virtuous, and punishing the offender.

When a nation once lofes its regard to juftice-when they do not look upon it as fomething venerable, holy, and inviolable -when any of them dare prefume to leffen, affront or terrify those who have the diftribution of it in their hands--when a judge is capable of being influenced by any thing but law, or a cause may be recommended by any thing that is foreign to its own merits-we may venture to pronounce that fuch a nation is haftening to its ruin.

I always rejoice when I fee a tribunal filled with a man of an upright and inflexible temper, who, in the execution of his country's laws, can overcome all private fear, refentment, folicitation, and even pity itself. Whenever paffion enters into a fentence or decifion, fo far will there be in it a tincture of injustice. In short, justice discards party, friendship, and kindred; and is therefore always reprefented as blind, that we may fuppofe her thoughts are wholly intent on the equity of a caufe, without being diverted or prejudiced by objects foreign to it.-Guardian.


NOTHING is more unjust than to judge of a man by too fhort an acquaintance, and too flight infpection; for it often happens, that in the loofe and thoughtiefs, and diffipated, there is a fecret radical worth, which may fhoot out by proper cultivation; that the fpark of heaven, though dimmed and .obftructed, is yet not extinguished, but may, by the breath of counfel and exhortation, be kindled into a flame. To imagine that every one who is not completely good, is irrevocably abandoned, is to fuppofe that all are capable of the fame degree of exceller ce; it is, indeed, to exact from all, that perfection which none ever can attain. And fince the purest virtue is

confiftent with fome vice, and the virtue of the greatest number, with almost an equal proportion of contrary qualities, let none too hastily conclude, that all goodness is loft, though it may for a time be clouded and overwhelmed; for most minds are the flaves of external circumftances; and conform to any hand that undertakes to mould them, roll down any torrent of cuftom in which they happen to be caught, or bend to any importunity that bears hard against them.-Rambler.


IT may be faid, that a too great jealousy of liberty is equally dangerous with a too great confidence; that as the latter may plunge us into flavery, the former may into anarchy: I fhould allow fome weight to this objection, if in the whole courfe of our hiftory, a refutation, in a fingle inftance, could be produced of thefe pofitions; that the fpirit of liberty is flow to act, even against the worst princes, and exerts itself in favor of the best with more effect than any other spirit whatsoever. I must therefore repeat, that the keeping alive the jealous fpirit ofberty is a common caufe; that a deteftation of tyrants, or even those who lean to tyranny, is infeparable from this fpirit; that Charles the Firft was a tyrant in principle and in action; that thofe who labour to reconcile us to his conduct and character, would deftroy the fpirit of liberty, and ultimately establish the principle of non refiftance; that a junto of mercenaries and court retainers do labour to these purposes; that it is, therefore, the duty of every common citizen, who has the intereft of his country at heart, to exert continually whatever force he has, to defeat their purposes; or, at least, weaken their influence; for in mechanics, the smallest force continually applied will overcome the most violent motions communicated to bodies.-Gen. Lee.


IT is the curfe of kings to be attended

By flaves, that take their humours for a warrant,
To break into the bloody house of strife;
And, on the winking of authority

To understand a law, to know the meaning
Of dang'rous majefty; when perchance it frowns
More upon honor than advis'd refpe&.-Shakespeart.
SOME would think the fouls

Of prints were brought forth by fome more weighty


Cause than those of meaner perfons: they are
Deceived; there's the fame hand to them; the like
Paffions fway them; the fame reason that makes
A vicar go to law for a tythe pig,
And undo his neighbours, makes them fpoil
A whole province, and batter down goodly
Cities with their cannon.-Webster.

WHAT poor things are kings!
What poorer things are nations to obey
Him, whom a petty paffion does command!
Fate, why was man made fo ridiculous ?
Oh! I am mortal. Men but flatter me.
Oh, Fate! why were not kings made more than men ?
Or why will people have us to be more?
Alas! we govern others, but ourselves
We cannot rule; as our eyes that do fee
All other things, but cannot fee themselves.-Fountain.
-KINGS are like other mifers,
Greedy of more: they use not what they have.
As merchants vent'ring on the faithlefs feas
For needlefs wealth, are driven by fudden storms
On banks of fands, or dafh'd against the rocks;
And all they have is funk and loft at once!
Kings rush to wars, more faithless than the feas;
Where more inconstant fortune waits their arms;
Where, in a moment, one unhappy blow
Ruins the progrefs of an age before.-Hopkins.
UNBOUNDED power and height of greatnefs give
To kings that luftre which we think divine;
The wife who know 'em, know they are but men,
Nay, fometimes, weak ones too. The croud indeed,
Who kneel before the image, not the god,
Worship the deity their hands have made.-Rowe:
WE view the outward glories of a crown;
But, dazzl'd with the luftre, cannot fee
The thorns which line it, and whofe painful prickings
Embitter all the pompous fweets of empire.
Happier the wretch, who, at his daily toils,
Sweats for his homely dinner, than a king
In all the dangerous pomp of royalty!
He knows no fears of flate to damp his joys;
No treafon Shakes the humble bed he lies on;
Ner dreads he poifea in his peaceful bowels:


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