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noxious winds, are subject to this malady, ne ABSCISSA (In Conick Seations, or other ver bringing their fruit to maturity.

Curvilineal Figures)

V ABORITIVENESS, miscarriage ; also are the parts of the unsuccessfulness.

axis cut off by the ABOVE (from a and bufan, Sax. boven, ordinates, and ac

b. Dutcb.) 1. Higher in place. 2. More in counted downwards quantity or number. 3. Higher in rank, from the vertex of power or excellence. 4. Superior to, unat. the section ; thus

B tainable by. 5. Beyond, more than. 6. Too Vb or VB are Abproud for, too high for; a pbrase chiefly used seila in this figure. Some writers call these' in familiar expression.

the Intercepied Axes or intercepted diameters. ABOVE. 1. Overhead. 2. In the regi ABSENCE. 1. The fate of being abons of hcaven. 3. Before.

sent, opposed to present. 2. Want of apFrom ABOVE. '1. From an higher place. pearance in the legal sense. Abfence is of a 2. From heaven.

fourfold kind, or species. The ift, is a neABOVE-All. In the first place; chiefly. cessary absence, as in banished persons ; this

ABOVE-Board. In open Gght, without is entirely neceffary. A 2d, necessary and artifice or trick.

voluntary; as upon the account of the comABOVE-Cired. Cited before.

mon wealth. The 3d, the Civilians call a ABOVE-Ground. An expression used to probable absence; as that of students on the Signify, that a man is alive; not in the fcore of Audy. The 4th, an absence entirely grave

voluntary; as on the account of trade, merABOUT (abutan or abuton, Sax. Which chandize, or the like: seems to fignify encircling on the outside) TO ABŞENT one's felf, to be voluntarily j. Round, surround, encircling. 2. Near to. absent, not to appear, to keep out of the 3. Concerning, with regard to, relating to. "Way. 4. Engaged in, employed upon. 5. Appen ABSIN'THIATED ( abfintbiatus, L.) dant to the person, as cloaths, &c. 6, Remingled with wormwood. lation to the person, as a fervant.

ABSOLUTE (with Grammarions) withABOUT. 1. Circularly. 2. In Circuit. out regimen or government, as an ablative 3. Nearly. 4. Here and there, every where. absolute. Ś. With to before a verb; as about to Aly, ABSOLUTE Nouns Adjectives(withGram.) upon the point, within a small distance of such adjectives as are in the positive degree, as 6. The longest way, in opposition to the fhort great, little, low, less. ftrait way. 7. To bring about, to bring to the ABSOLUTE Nouns Substantives, such point or tate defired; as be bas brougbe about nouns whose fignifications imply a fimple idea; bis purposes. 8. To come about ;' to come to as a Man, a Horse, Eartb, Air, &c. Some certain state or point. 9. To go about ABSOLUTE (in Tbcology) is sometimes a thing ; to prepare to do it.

used to denote a thing being without any To ABRA'DE (abradere, L.) to shave off. cause, in which sense God is absolute.

ABRASION (with Surgeons) at superficial ABSOLUTE is also used to signify free rasing of the skin.

from condition, as the decrecs of God are said ABRASION (in a Medicinal Sense) the to be abfolute in respect to men. wearing away the natural mucus, which co ABSOLUTE (with Romanifls) is used in vers the membranes, particularly those of the opposition to Declaratory, as they hold that ftomach and guts, by corrofive or sharp a prieft can forgive fins absolutely; but the humours.

proteftants say only declaratively and ministeABRASION (with Pbilosopbers) that mal- rially. ter which is worn off by attrition of bodies ABSOLUTE Motion, signifies the change one against another.

of place in any moving body. ABRIDG’MENT (abregement, F.) an a ABSOLUTE Numbers (in Algebra) a numbridging, &c. wherein the less material things ber which poffefses one intire part or fide of an are inlisted on but brieAy, and so the whole equation, and is always a known quantity, brought into a lesser compass.

and the rectargle or solid under the unknown ABRIDGÅENT of account, &c. (in Law) roots in Quadraticks and Cubicks ; thus in this is the making it shorter, by abstracting some equation; co+16 a=36, the absolute of its circumstances.

number is 36, which is equal to the product The ABRUP'T (abruptum, L.) the une of the two roots or values, multiplied one inven, rough, broken, or craggy part of the to another; this is cali'd also“ Homogenum abyss. Milton.

Compararionis, by Vieta. ABRUP'TNESS, the breaking or being ABSOLUTE Place, is that part of inbroken off on a sudden ; also cragginess of a finite and immoveable space, that any body rock, mountain, &c.

possesses. TÓ ABSCIN'D (abscindere, L.) to

ABSOLUTELY (with Geometricians) of,

used to ligaify intirely, compleatly, as a circle


very, L.

or sphere is said to be absolutely round, in ABYS'MAL, pertaining to an abyss. contradiftinction to a figure that is partly so, ABYSS ('Alizceos, Gr.) a bottomless pit as an Oval, a Spberoid, &c.

or gulf, or any prodigious deep, where no bot. ABSOLUTION (in the Canon Law) a com can be found, or is supposed to have no juridical act, whereby a priest as a judge, bottom; a vaff unfathomable depth of waters, and by virtue of a power delegated to him from such as is supposed to be inclosed in the bowels Chrift, remits fins.

of the earth. ABSOLUTION (in the Civil Law) figni. AC'ADEMY, is a sort of collegiate school fes a definitive sentence, whereby a man ac or feminary, where young persons are incused of any crime is acquitted.

structed in a private way, in the liberal arts ABSOLÚTION (in the Reformed Churcbes and sciences. is usually understood of a sentence by which a ACADEMY (of Horsemanship) is also person itanding excommunicated, is freed or used to hignify a riding-school, a place where released from the excommunication.

persons are taught to ride the great horse, and ABSOLUTOʻRIUM ( with Pbyfcians) other exercises, as fencing, &c. an absolute remedy, or most effectual medi ACATALEP'TICK (of 'Atalaneulos, cine ; also a certain cure or perfect reco- Gr.) incomprehensible.

ACATHARSI'A ('Amz Dapoia, of a neg. AB'SOLUTENESS (of absolu, F. abfo- and Kabisa, Gr.) to purge or cleanse) that katus, L.) arbitrariness, freedom from con- filth or impurity in a disealed body, which is ditions, etc.

not yet purged off. To ABSOR'B (with Gardeners, &c.) is TO ACCE'DE, (accedere, L.) to come to, a term applied to those greedy branches, that to draw near to, to enter into. growing on fruit trees, do drink up and rob ACCEL'ERATED Motion (in Mechan.) the other branches of the nutritious juice, that a motion which receives continual increments they fand in need of for their nourishment and or accessions of velocity. augmentation.

ACCELERATION (with Philofopbers) ABSTER'SIVE Medicines, such as are a continual increase of motion in any heavy used to clear the skin and outward parts of the bodies tending towards the centre of the earth, body from filth.

by the force of gravity. A'BSTRACT (in Pbilosopby) that which ACCELERATION (with the ancient is separated from some other thing by an Astronomers) a term used in respect to the operation of the mind called abkraction. fixed stars, and signified the difference between

An ABSTRACT. Idea, is fome fimple idea, the revolution of the Primum Mobile and the detach'd and separated from any particular Solar revolution, which was computed at subject or complex idea, for the sake of view- 3 minutes and 56 seconds. ing and considering it more diftinctly, as it is ACCELERATO'R ES (Anatomy) certain in itself, its own nature, & c.

muscles, so called of accelerandi, i.e. haften. ABSTRACTED Marbematicks, is used in ing. opposition to mix'd mathematicks; the for TO ACCEND (accendere, L.) to kindle, mer fignifying pure arithmetick, geometry, to set on fire. or algebra.

ACCENSION (Pbilosopby) the inkindling ABSTRACTED Nouns Subftanstives (with or setting any natural body on fire. Grammarians, &c.) are such nouns as denote a ACCENT (with Rbetoricians) a tone or thing; the existence of which is real, and in modulation of the voice, used sometimes to the nature of the thing; but fubfifts only in denote the intention of the orator or speaker, the undertanding; as Humanity, Trutb, vi- to give a good or ill fignification to his words. gilance, &c.

Grave ACCENT (with Gram.) is this ABSTRU'SE (abftrufus. ...) far remov'd mark (*) over a vowel, to few that the from the common apprehensions or ways of voice is to be depressed. conceiving .

Acute ACCENT is this mark ('] over ABSURD'NESS (abfurditas, L.) disagreea- a vowel, to thew that the voice is to be bleness to reason, impertinence, folly; an raised. error or offence against some generally allowed Circumflex ACCENT is this mark [^] truth or principle.

over a vowel, in Greek, and points out a ABUNDAN'TIA, an allegorical divinity, kind of undulation of the voice. which was represented under the figure of The Long ACCENT (in Gram.) shews a young virgin amidst all sorts of good things, that the voice is to stop upon the vowel that in good plight of body, having a fresh lively has that mark, and is expressed thus [-] colour, holding in her hand a horn, said to be The Short ACCENT (in Gram.) thews that of Aibelous.

that the time of pronouncing ought to be Self ABU'SE, the crime called otherwise, thort, and is marked thus [-] self-pollution.

TO ACCEN'TUATE (accentuatum, L.) ABU'SIVENESS, offengyeness, affront, to pronounce in reading or speaking according

to the accent,




ACCENTUATION, a pronouncing or encourages, advises, or conceals an offender, marking a word, so as to lay a stress of the who is guilty of felony by statute. voice upon the right vowel or syllable. PERACCIDENS (with Pbilosopbers) · TO ACCEPT (accipio, L. accepter, F.) that which does not follow from the nature 1. To take with pleasure; to receive kindly; of the thing, but from some accidental qua. to admit with Approbation. It is distinguished lity of it. Lat, from receive, as specifick from general; noting ACCIDENT (accidens, L.) a contingent a particular manner of receiving. 2. It is effect, or something produced casually and used in a kind of juridical sense; as, to accept without any fore-knowledge or destination terms, accept a treary. 3. In the language of of it in the agent that produced it, or to the Bible, to accept perfons, is to act with

whom it happens. personal and partial regard. 4. It is some A thing is also frequently ftiled an accident, times used with the particle of; as to accept in reference to its cause, or at least as to our of a perfon.

knowledge of it, and by this an effect either ACCEPTABILITY, the quality of being casually produced, or which appears to have acceptable.

been so to us, is commonly understood. ACCE'PTABLE (accéptable, F. from the Common ACCIDENTS (with Logicians) L.) It is pronounced by some with the accent is the fifth of the universal ideas, and are in the firšt syllable, as by Milton; by others when the object is a true mode, which may with the accent in the second. That which be separated, at least by the mind, from the is likely to be accepted, grateful, pleasing. It thing of which it is said to be an accident, and it used with the particle so before the person yet the idea of that thing shall not be destroy'd; accepting.

as round, bard, jufi, prudent, &c. ACCEPTABLENESS (from acceptable) Encitive ACCIDENTS (in Metapbyficks) the quality of being accepiable.

are either primary or secondary. ACCEPTABLY (from acceptable, F.) Primary entisive ACCIDENTS, are such in an accepiable manner, so as to please, with as are absolute, as Quantity and Quality: the particle to.

Respective entitive ACCIDENT (with LoACCEPTANCE (acceptance Fr.) 1. Re gicians) is relation. ception with approbation. 2. The meaning Modificative ertitive ACCIDENTS (with of a Word, as it is received or understood ; Metaphysicians) are quando, when ; fitus, acceptation.

situation ; babirus, habit. ACCEPTANCE (in Law) the receiving Prædicable ACCIDENT (with Logicians) of a Rent, whereby the giver binds himself, implies a common quality, which may be, or for ever, to allow a former fact, done by may not be in the subject, as a particular another, whether good or bad.

colour, as redness in a wall. (in Lar) a tacit Predicamental ACCIDENT (with Logici.

agreement: thus ans) is when it is in its ellence or nature to if a man and his wife, seized of land in subsist in, inhere or cleave to some substance, right of his wifc, do join in making a lease and cannot be alone.

ACCIDENT (with Pbysicians) is such as the wife receives or accepts of the rent, the does not flow immediately from the first lease shall be made good by this acceptance cause, but from casual interpofitions ; some in her, and shall bar her from bringing the use the expression in much the same sense as writ Cui in vita against the tenant.

symptom. ACCESS (in some of its Senses it seems Absolute ACCIDENT (with Roman Catho. derived from acceffus ; in others from acceffio, licks) is an accident which does, or may possiL. acces, F.) 1. The way by which any thing ble fubfift, at least miraculously, or by some may be approached. 2. The means, or liber- supernatural power, without a subject. ty, of approaching either to things or men. ACCIDENTS (in Heraldry) are the prin3. Encrease, enlargement, or addition. 4. It cipal points in an efcutcheon. is sometimes used after the Frencb, to signify ACCIDENTALNESS (of accidentalis, the returns of fits of a diftemper; but this L.) the happening by chance. fense seems yet scarcely received into our ACCLAIM, acclamation. Milton. language.

ACCLIVIS (in Anatomy) a muscle called ACCESSION (acceffio, L. acceffion, F.) | also Obliquus ascendens, 1. Encrease by something added, enlarge ACCLIVITY (ac

A ment, augmentation. 2. The act of coming clivitas, Lat.) is a to; joining one's self to; as acceffion to a steepness reckoned upConfederacy. 3. The act of arriving at; as wards on a Dope ; de. the King's acceffior to the Throne.

clivity is a steepness ACCESSION (with Pbyficians) the fit, downwards ; thus BA

B or time of being worst in any intermittent; is an acclivity, and the same as Paroxysia45.

AB a declivity. ACCESSORY" (by Statute) a person who




ACCLI'VOUS (acclivis, L.) siling up the value of a thing equal to what it was wards, steep up

accounted. 6. A reckoning referred to, or ACCOLLE (in Heraldry) collared, or fum charged upon any particular person ; wearing a collar, Fr.

and thence, figuratively, regard, consideration, ACCOMMODATION, the composure Sake. 7. A narrative, relation. In this use e putting an end to a difference, quarrei, & c. it may seem to be derived from conte, F. a also convenience.

tale, a narration. 8. The review and exACCOMMODATION (in Philofophy) amination of an affair taken by authority; the Application of one thing by analogy to as, the magistrate took an account of the apother.

tumult. 9. The relation and reasons of a ACCOMPANIMENT, something at transaction, given to a person in authority. tending or added as a circumstance to another, 10. Explanation; assignment of causes. 11. either by way of ornament, or for the Take An opinion concerning things previously eftacf fymmetry, or the like.

blished. 12. The reasons of any thing collecACCOMPANIMENTS (in Heraldry) ted. 13. In Law account is, in the common are all such as are applied about the shield, Law, taken for a writ or action brought by way of ornament, as the belt, mantlings, against a man, that, by means of office or fupporters, & c.

business undertaken, is to render an account TO ACCOM'PANY (accompagner, F.) to another, as a bailiff to his mafter, a guardito go or come with.

an to his ward. ACCOMPLISHMENT (accomplissement, To ACCOUNT fee account) 1. To esteem F.) the entire execution, archievement, or to think, to hold in opinion. 2. To reckon, falhlling of something proposed or under to compute. 3. To give an account, to artaken.

sign the causes; in which sense it is followed by ACCOMPLISHMENTS, acquirements the particle for. 4. To make up the reckonin literature, art, science, good behaviour, ing; to answer for pradices. 5. To appear

as the medium by which any thing may be TO ACCORD (derived by fome from explained. 6. To assign to, with the particorda, the ftring of a mufical instrument;cle to. 7. To hold in esteem. by others from corda, hearts; in the first, ACCOUNTABLE (from account) of whom implying barmony, in the other unity), to an account may be required; who must answer make agree, to adjust one thing to another, for: followed by the particle 10 before the with the particle to.

person, and for before the thing. TO ACCORD, to agree, to fuit with one ACCOUNTANT (from account) accoun• another, with the particle with,

table to ; responsible for. ACCORD (accord, F.) 1. A compact, ACCOUNTANT, a computer, a man an agreement. 2. Concurrence, union of skilled or employed in accounts. mind. 3. Harmony, symmetry, just core ACCOUNT.

Book, a book containing aco refpordence of one thing with another. 4. counts. Mufical note.

5. Voluntary motion. 6. ACCOUNTING (from account) the act Action in speaking, correspondent to the of reckoning, or making up of accounts. words.

ACCRE'TION, growing or fticking to, ACCORDAMENT (from accord) 1. Agree. Lat. ment with a person, with the particle wirb. ACCRETION (with Naturaliss) is fre2. Conformity to something.

quently apply'd to the increase of such bodies ACCORDANT (accordan, F.) Willing, as are without life, and it is also called Appoin a good humour.

fition or Juxta-position. ACCORDING (from accord) 1. In a ACCRETION (with Civilians ) a manner suitable to, agreeably to, in propor. AC'CREMENT vague or vacant portion. 2. With regard to.

tion of ground, joined or united with grounds ACCORDINGLY (from accord) agrcea- held or poffeffed by another. bly, suitably, conformably.

ACCROCHE (in Heraldry) is when one ACCOUNT (from the old F. accompr, thing hooks into another, F. from compactus, L.) originally writren ac ACCURATELY ( accurate, L.) with capt; but by gradually softening the exactness and nicety. pronunciation, in time the orthography ACCU'SABLE (accufabilis, L.) that may changed to account, 1. A computation of be, or deserves to be accused. debts, or experices; a register of Facts re ACCUSA'TION Z (in the Civil Law) is lating to Money. 2. The state or result ACCUSA'TION S che intending a crimi. of a Computation; as the account stands thus nal action against any one, either in one's between us. 3. Such a fate of persons own name, or that of the publick. things, as may make them more or less ACEPHAʼLOUS ("Axicanos, Gr.) with worthy of being considered in the reckoning, out a bead. value, or estimation. 4. Difinĉtion, dignity, ACER'B (acerbus, L.) of a compound taste; tank. s. A reckoning verified. by finding which coughts of four, and a degree of sough


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ress, or of a taste between four and bitter, ACINI (with Physicians) the feed that such as most unripe fruits have.

is within a fruit, and thence they in theis ACERB'ITUDE (acerbitudo, L.) fourness, prescriptions frequenrly use ova exacinara, harshness in taste; between sourness and bit- i. e. the acini, or seeds being taken out, terness.

Lat. ACERVATION, a heaping up toge

ACME ('Axun, of a neg. and Kauss, to Cher, L.

be weary, Gr.) the uppermost point) top, or ACETAB'ULA (Anatomy), certain Glan- pitch. dules in the Cborian, one of the skins which ACME (with Physicians) is used to denote cover a child in the womb.

the 3d degree or height of distempers, of which ACH'E (with Farriers) a disease in horses, many have four periods. ift, The Arcbe or causing a numbness in the joints.

beginning; 2d, Anabasis, the increase of ACHER'NER (in Aftronomy) a bright fixed growth; 3d, the Acme, when the morbifick ftar of the first magnitude in Eridinus, whose matter is at the height ; 4th, the Paracme Longitude is 10, 13 degrees, and latitude or declenfion of the disease.

ACON'TIAS ('Axistias, Gr.) a sort of TO ACHIEV'E (acbever, F.) to atchieve, comet or blazing tar, in form resembling a 10 accomplish ; to perform or finish fome no javeline or dart. table act or exploit.

ACORN'ED (in Heraldry) bearing acorns. ACHIEVEMENT (acbevement, F.) a no ACQUAINT'ED (of accointe, F.) intellia table performance.

gence or notice of, made known to, inform ACHILLES, a name which the schoolmen or having told of any matter. give to the principal argument alledged by cach A'CRE, an act of parliament made in the fect of philosophers in their behalf.

time of king Edward I. ordained, that an ACHRON'ICAL I (acbronicus, L. of a acre of land should contain 160 perches or

ACHRON'ICK privat. and xpérog, poles, to be made out square, or 4840 yards time, Gr.) out of, or without time. Square, or 43,560 feet square; but in divers

A'CIDS, are kinds of salts, all whose little places in this kingdom this has been altered particles are long, pointed and sharp at their by custom, by varying perches in the number extremities, and make the tongue feel a sharp- of feet, as is, 20, 24, and sometimes 28 nels, as citrons, lemons, oranges, tamarinds, feet to the perch. &c. the most sensible effect of them is the ACRO'TERES ('Arpoinpia, Gr.) coagulation of those liquors, with which they ACROTERIA (with Analomifs) the utare mixed. The manner how these coagu-moft parrs of a man's body; as his fingers lations are effected, is by the Acids stopping ends, &c. the pores of the liquor, upon which they are TO ACT' (astum, fup, of ago, L.) to do, poured, in such fort, that the subtile matter operate, or perform. cannot pass more into it, and so they grow ACT' (actus, of ago, L. to do) is the effecthick and lose their motion.

tive use or application of some power or faculNatural ACIDS (with Physicians) are such ty, by means of which something is effected. as have a proper sharpness of their own, as ACTS, are also the deliberations and re. juice of lemons, &c.

folutions of a publick assembly, as of a pare Artificial ACIDS (with Cbymists) are such liament, council, convocation, &c. as are prepared by the fire, in chymical ope Preparatory ACTION (in Law) is that rations.

Prejudicial ACTIONS which grows from Manifeft ACIDS, such things as affe&t the fome doubt in the principal; as suppose a man tongue, with a sense of sharpness and fourness. sues a younger brother for land, descended

Dubious ACIDS, such things which have from his father, and objection is made that he not enough of the acid nature, to give fen- is a bastard, the bastardy must be first try'd, fible marks to the taste ; but yet agree with

and thence the action is callid Prejudicial. the manifest acids in other properties.

ACTION upon sbc cafe (in Law) a writ ACID'ITY

(with Chymifts) the acidity brought for an offence done without force A'CIDNESS { or keenness of any liquor. against any man; as for defamation, nonthat confifts in keen particles of salts diffolved performance of promise, or some other misand put into a violent motion by the means of demeanor. fire.

ACTION upon tbe case for words, is brought ACID'ULATED (of Acidula, L. spaw. where a person is injured or defamed, or for Waters) having a mixture of nitre, vitriol, words spoken which affect a person's lite, alum, and salt.

office or trade, or to his loss of preferment in A'CINI (with Botanists) are taken for those marriage, service, or which occasion any para grains that grow thick, or small grains grow. ticular damage. ing in bunches, after the manner of grape

ACTION upon the fatute (Law term) an ftones, of which the fruits of the Eldera action brought upon the breach of a statute, tree, Privet, and other plants of the like kind as where perjury is committed to the prejudice are composed.

of apother.

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