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pretion of fear. 2. It is used in the passive, Manbod, terminates at fifty. Tometimes with al, before the tbing feared. Old Age, commences from A'ty, and ex3. Sometimes with the particle witb, before cends till the time of death. the thing feared.
011 AGE (Hieroglypbically) was repre. AFFRIGHT (from the verb) 1. Terror ; fented by a raven, because that bird lives a fear; this word is chiefly poetical. 2. The great while, and therefore to represent a man cause of fear; terrible object.
dead in a very old age, the Egyptians painted AFFRIGHTFUL (from offrigbe) full of a dead raven. effrigbe, or terpt; terrible.
A'GENCY (aginee, F.) acting, manage. AFFRIGHTMENT (from offrig?:) 1. The impression of fear; terror.
AGENHINE (or third Night, ager hine, ftate of fearfulness.
Sax.) a person that comes to an house as a AFFRAY' (probably of ofrezer, F.) a gueft, and lies there the third night, after fight between two or more parties.
which time he is looked upon as one of the 2 (in Common Low) family, and if he breaks the king's peace, AFFRAIMENT}
is an affrightmeni his hoft was to be answerable for him. Sce çut upon one or more persons; which may Hogerbime. be done by an open thew of violence only, AGENT, a factor, or person who does without either a blow giver, or a word boligers for another. spoken; as if a man should appear in ar AGENT (in Polity) a resident or under mnout, of with weapons not ulually worn, embalador, that takes care of the affairs of it may strike a fear into such as are un. his king or prince in a foreign court. armed, and therefore is a common wrong, AGENT (with Philosophers) is that by zná is enquirable in a Cour:-Leet; but dif- | which any thing is effected. fers from an aflauit, because that is a par AGENT (in Therligy.) It is ftrenuously ticular injury,
disputed among divines, whether man is an AFFREIGHTMENT (of fretement, | agent or parient, i. e. whether it is purely in hiring or freighting, F.) the same as af- his power to do or refuse any particular fretamentum.
act, and thereby render himself accountable AFRESH (of frai., F.) freihly, anew, or for at i he day of judgment, for what he newly, over again.
has acted or donc in this life. AFFRONI'TRE (affronitum, L. of 'A's AGENT (in Phrlicks) that by which frorn, and rotput, Gr. nitre) the spume or a thing is done or effected, or which has a iroth of nitre.
power by which it acts on another; or inAs AFFRONT', an injury done either duces fome change in another by its action. by words, bad usage, or blows, F.
Natural Z AGENTS (with Ccb-laflicks) are AFFRONTVE (in Heraldry, facing, or front Phyfical) such as are immediately detering one another.
mined by the author of nature to produce AFFRONT'IVENESS, abufiveness, of certain effects; but not the contrary thereto, fentiveness.
as fire, which only heats, but does not cool. AFFUL'SION, a shining upon.
Free 7 AGENTS (with Scbslufticks) AFTER-Birtb a skin or membrane in
Voluntary / are such as may equally do AFTER-Burder which the Fælus or
any thing, or the contrary or opposite of it; child is wrapped in the Matrix, and comes
as acting not from any predetermination, away after the birth of the child.
but from choice ; such the mind is supAFTER-Pain, pains felt in the loins, pored to be, which may either will or nill groin, 5c, after the birth is brought away. the same thing.
AGALAXY (agalaria, L. of 'Azahar. Univocal AGENTS (with Naturalists) Tfia, Gr.) want of milk to give fuck with.
are fuch agents as produce effects of the fame AGAMIST (agamus, L. of ãgelos, Gr.) kind and denomination with them. an unmarried perfon; a batchelor or widower. Equivocal AGENTS (with Naturalists) AGAPE' l'Agean, Gr.) charity, kind
are such agents whore effects are of a different ness, love ; aims-giving.
kind from themselves. AGAPÉT' (of 'Ajann, Gr.) and pero, L. AGGLOMERATION, a winding into to hunt a'ter) a whore-matter; one who a bottom. L. hunts after Women.
AGGLUTINANTS (in Medicine) AGE (probably of aga, Sax. i. e, always) Arengthening remedies, whose cffice and efthe wh le continuance of a man's life ; also feet is to adhere to the Bid parts of the the space of an hundred years compleat, allo body, and by that to recruit and supply the a certain fare or proportion of the life of place of what is worn off and wafted by the man, which is divided into four different ages, animal acions. as Infancy, Youth, Manbod, Old Age, F. AGGLUTINATION, a glucing toge
Infancy or Childhood, extends from the ther. L. birth to ihe fourteenth year.
AGGRAN'DISEMENT(aggrand demens, Teutb, or the age of puberty commences F.) : making great; but more especially in at fourteen, and ends at about inoizy-live.
worldly condition or eftate, a making bo AGREEMENT (agrement, F. in Law Lal. Durable.
Agreementum. Which Coke would willingly AG'GREGATE (aggregørum, L.) the derive from aggregatio mentium.) 1. Concord. whole mass arising from the joining cr col 2. Resemblance of one this to another. 3. leding several things together.
Compact ; bargain ; conclusion of controversy; AGGREGATED Flower (with Bora- ftipulation. se) a flower which conífts of many little AGROUND (a-grund, Sax.) upon the scuers, meeting cogether, to make one ground ; allo nonplus'd, obtructed. where one, each of which has its Seglus, AGRYPNOCOMA (of a younvía, watchSizzica, and sticking feed, and contained in ing, and Kaua, a deep deep, Gr.) a waking ce and the same Calix.
drowsiness, a disease wherein the patients are AGGREGA'TION (in Pbyficks) a spe- constantly inclined to Neep, but scarce can des of union, by which several things which neep, being affected with a great drowfiness bart no natural dependence or conrection one in the head, a stupidity in all the senses and with another, are collected together, so as faculties, and many times a Delirium too. It ei me lenfe to constitute one.
is the same as Coma Vigil. L. AGGRIEVANCE (probably of ad and AGUE-TREE, Saflafras. grief, F.) affliction, great trouble, wrong, A'GUISHNESS (of aigu, F. sharp) the
quality of an ague, coldness, shiveringness. AGILENESS (agilitas, L.) nimbleness, To AID (aider, F. Adjutare, L.) to help;
to support; to succour. ACIO (in Holland) a term used in mer AID (from l aid) 1. Help, fupport. 2. candile, which fignifies the difference in the person that gives help or support ; a used or Venice of the value of current helper. 3. In Law, a sublidy. Aid is also DK e ard bank notes, which in Holland is particularly used in matter of pleading, for a ten chree or four per Ceni. in favour of the Petition made in court, for the calling in of sote.
help from another, that hath an interest in AGNATION (Civil Law) that line of the cause in question ; and is likewise both erfanguinity or kindred, by blood, which is to give strength to the party that prays in aid between fuch malts as are descended from of him, and also to avoid a prejudice acthe same father.
cruing towards his own right, except it be AGNOMINATION, a nick-name, L. prevented : as, when a tenant for term of
To AGREE (agreer, F. from grí, liking, life, courtesy, 6 c. being impleaded touching or good-will; gratia, and gratus, L.) 1. To his estate, he may pray in aid of him in the be in concord; to live without contention ; Reverfion; that is, entreat the court, that sot to differ. 2. To grant; to yield to; he may be called in by writ, to alledge what to admit; with the particles to or upon. 3. he thinks good for the maintenance both of To settle terms by ftipulation; to accord. 4. his right and his own. To settle a price between buyer and seller. AID 2 a tax paid by the vassal to the ş. To be of the same mind, or opinion. AYDE $ chief lord, upon some necessary 6. To settle some point among many. 7. To and urgent occasion, either ascertain'd by be confiftent; not in contradid. 8. To fuit cuftom, or specified at the grant of lands. with; to be accommodated to.
9. To causs
AID of obe king (Law term) is where the Lo disturbance in the body.
king's tenant prays aid of the king on account TO AGREE, 1. To put an end to a va- of rent demanded of him by others. riance. 2. To make friends; to reconcile. AIDS DE CAMP (of the king) certain
AGREEABLE (agreable, F.) 1. Suitable young gentlemen, whom the king appoints in to; confiftent with. It has the particle to the field to that office. or wib. 2. Pleahing; that is, suitable to TO AIL (oglan, Sax. to be troublesome) the inclination, faculties, or temper. It is 1. To pain; to trouble; to give pain. 2. It bled in this sense, both of persons and things. is used in a sense less determinate, for to affec? 3. It has also the particle io.
in any manner; as, fomeibing ails me ibae I AGREEABLENESS (from agrccable) 1. cannot for Bill; what ails ibe man ibai be. Confiftency with ; suitableness to ; with the I laugos without re. fon? 3. To feel pain; to particle to. 2. The quality of pleasing. It be incommoded. 4. It is remarkable, that is used in an inferior senie; to mark the this word is never used, but with some indeproduction of Satisfaction, calm and lasting, finite term, or the word nothing , as, what Bar below rapture or admiration. 3. Re: ails him ? what does he ail? be uils something; femblance; likeness; sometimes with the be ails no:bing, fometbing ails bim; notbing parti-le between.
ails bim. Thus we never say a fever ails AGREEABLY (from agreeable) 1. Con- him ; 05, he wils a fever ; of use definice fiftently with; in a manner suitable to. terms with this verb. pleafirgly.
AIL (from the verb) a disease. AGREED (from agree) settled by consent. AILMENT (from oil) pain; disease.
AGREEINGNESS (from agree) Con AILING (from to l) fickly, full of Sleace; fuitableness,
TO AIM (it is derived by Shirnir from 1 vrátér. smer, to point at; a word which I have not 2. The particles of air are very fine and found.) i To endeavour to strike with a mir- branched, so that they leave interftices be. five weapon ; to direct towards ; with the tween one another, and can never be formes particle at. 2. To point the view, or direct into a compact body. the steps towards any thing; to tend towards; II. Water has been proved by experiment to endeavour to reach or obtain; with so fors to be 840 times heavier than air, from whence berly, now only with at. 3. To direct the it will follow, that a certain bulk of ait miilile weapon ; more particularly taken for contains in it 840 times less homogeneou's the act of pointing the weapon by the eye, matter than an equal bulk of water does ; before its dismiffion from the hand. 4. To and this is the reason why air may be condeni guess.
ed, but not water. AIM (from the verb.) 1. The direction UI. The Air is diapkaro's, because, hav. of a missile weapon.
2. The point to which ing very wide pores, and separable parts, ie the thing thrown is directed. 3. In a figu- admits the matter whereof light consists rative sense, a purpose ; a scheme; an in- through righe lines. And hence it is, that tention; a design. 4. The object of a de not only the fun and the planets shine or refign; the thing after which any one endea-sect their light upon us, but also the fixt vours. 5. Conjecture; guess.
stars are seen by us at immenre Distance. But AIR (aër, Loans, Gr. of the Ir, be as deep water does not transmit all the rays cause it is always Aowing, or as others from which fall upon it, because the series of light einde , to breathe, or as others say of 1X,Heb. is interrupted by the motion of the watry light) is general y understood to be that Muid particles; so many of the rays, which fall in which we breathe, and the earth is en upon this prodigious bulk of air over us, closed, and as it were wrapped up.
muft needs be broken off and intercepted before All common air is impregnated with a they reach us; which probably may be the certain vivifying spirit, which is absolutely ne- cause, that where the sky is clear, it is not cessary to the preservation and continuance quite transparent, but appears of a more blue of animal life.
and waterith colour. This vivifying Spirit is inflammalle, or of a IV. AIR is condensed and rarefied, beDature proper to be aliment or fuel to fire, caused it consisting of branchy particles, those and is capable of being aduft or consumed particles are scattered by an extraordinary thereby; for this spirit is actually destroy'd by quick motion, which is called Rarefaction. being caused to pass through the fire and the Again, they are easily thrust into a less air which has been so burnt (as has been prov-compass, while their branches are driven toed by experiment) will deaden red hot coals gether, and close one with another, and and extinguish flame, and destroy lite. thereby crush out the liquid matter which
The particles of which air confist give way lay between them; and this is called Coria' to every small impression, and move readily densation. and freely among one another; and this is a There are a multitude of experiments to proof that air is a fluid.
prove this; as there are a sort of guns, into And as the preilure encreases so does its den-, which such a quantity of air may be forced, fity, and as the pressure decreases it expands as to shoot out a leaden bullet with great itse f.
violence. AIR is found to have these fix properties V. That the air has an elastick force, that following.
is, that it has a power to return to the same 1. It is líquid, and cannot be congealed ftate, and re-occupy the same space which it like water.
tilled before, whenever the force that crusheth 2. It is much lighter than water, but yet it into a narrower compass is removed, the it is act without its gravity.
before-mentioned experiment does demon3. It is diaphanous, that is, it transmits trate. the light.
VI. That AIR is neceffary for flame su 4. It can eahly be condens'd and rarefied. respiration. Without air, flame and fire go 5. It has an elastic force.
out, and air (ccms to have a nitrous or ful6. It is necessary for Aame and respiration. phureous matter in it, that the air which lies
I. It is much more liquid than water is, upon so many plants, animals and minerals, and cannot be congealed, and that for the upon which the heat of the fua continually reasons following.
operates and extracts a good part of them, 1. Because it seems to have pores much must needs carry away with it innumerable larger, full of finer matter, of a very quick particles of fulphur and volatile salts wheremotion, whereby particles of air are continua!- with things abound, as chymical experiments ly driven about, as it appears by this experi- demonftrate. ment, that if air be pent up in a vaffel, it is Every time the air received into the lungs easily condensed; whereas no person yet, by påfres out of them, the vivifying fpirit is any Invention, has been able to condense eithet destroyed or left behind į and thence
18 animal will die as well for want of fresh air ALCA'LIOUS, of or pertaining to Ale as is reason of the total want of air.
cali. It is computed, that the quantity of vivify AL'CHYMY (of al an Arabick particle; ing spirit that is contained in a gallon of com and χυμία or χυμη, of χύω to melt metals) noa air, will luffice one man for the space of that lublimer part of chymistry that teaches a nagte.
the transmutation of metals. AIR'INESS (of air) brikness, liveliness,
Münera, lætitiamque Dei. Higb AIRS, are the motions of a horse that ALCOLE'TA, the tartarous fediment of rüzs bigber than terra a terra, and works at urine. Cursets, Balotades, Croupades and Capriols. ALCO'RAD (with Aftrologers) a contrarie
AIR (with Phyficians) makes ne of the ty of light in the planets, Arab. Ez pon-naturals.
AL'DER tree aloin, Sax, alnus, L.) a Iesale AIR (with Anatomists) is supposed tree well known, delighting to grow in wateto be a fine, aerial substance, inclosed in the ry, bcggy places. böyrinth of the inward ear, and to minister ALE COST, an herb. to be due conveyance of the sounds in the ALE-DRAPER, a victualler or ale-house Estory.
keeper. AIR (with Muficians) fignifies the melody ALERT (alerte, F. probably from alacris; a tbe inflection of a mufical composition, but probably from à l'art, according to art or
AIR PUMP, a machine or instrument rule) 1. In the military sense, on guard; watch. contrived to extract or draw the air out of pro- ful; vigilant ; ready at a call. 2. In the per vesels. See Pump.
common sense, brisk; pert; petulant; smart; AIRY Meteors (with Afronomers) such as implying some degree of censure and conare bred of flatulous and spirituous exhala- tempt. dees or vapours: as winds, &C.
ALERTNESS (from alert) the quality AISLEI (in Heraldry) fignifies winged, or of being alert; sprightliness; pertness. Laving wings, F.
ALEXI'CÁCON ('AXEÇına xov, of nico, AISTHE'RIUM (of aio Barojas, Gr. to to expel or drive out, and sandy evil, a mediperceive) the sensory of the brain.
cine to expel any ill humours out of the Το ΑΚΕ of ace, pain or grief, or body,
TO ACH'E acian, Sax.) to be painful, ALEXITE'RICUM (with Pbysicians), a to be pained.
preservative against poison or infection. To bave an AKING toob at one, to be an AL'GA faccbarifera (with Botanists) sugar gry at, to have a mind to rebuke or chaftise bearing sea-weed. By hanging in the air, this
plant will afford repeated efflorescences of A'LA, the wing of a fowl.
white sugar, as sweet as any prepared from ALA (in Anatomy), a term used for several lugar-canes. L. parts of the body, which bear a resemblance AL'GAROT (Cbymistry) a preparation of to the figure of a wing, as the top of an au. butter of antimony, washed in a large quantiricke, &c.
ty' of warm water till it turn to a white ALABAS'TRA (with Botanifts) the bnds powder. It is otherwise called Mercurius or green leaves of plants which inclose the vita. bottom of Aowers before they are spread. ALGEBRAICAL Curve (in Geometry) is
ALARM 2 (Metapborically) any man a curve of such a nature, that'the A
ALA'RUM S ner of sudden noiré, & c. abscisses of it will always bear caufing fear, fright or trouble ; alio a chime the same proportion to their reIt is a clock or watch,
spective ordinates; thus if the ALATERNUS (with Botanifts) the most product of any Abscise, A Px beautiful shrub for hedges, of a lovely green multiplied into the fame quantity, P will be colour, and bearing sweet scented blossoms, always equal to the square of the correspon
ALBER'GE (Borany) a small forward dent ordinate, P M 2 yy, the equation expearb of a yellow colour,
pressing the nature of the curve will be px ALBIFICA'TION, a making white, a =yy, and the curve is the common parable. whitening, L.
AL'GIDNESS ( algidiras, L.) coldness, ALBURN Colour, a brown. See Au-chilness. bars,
AL'GOL (in Afronon.y) a fixed star of ALBURNUM (with Botanists) is esteem the first magnitude in the constellation Perfeus, ed by some to be the fat of trees, that part of in longitude 51 degrees 37 minutes, latitude the trunk that is between the bark and timber, 22 degrees 22 minutes, called also Medusa's of the most tender wood, and is hardened af- head. ter the space of some years.
AL'GORI M (with Matbematicians) the ALCALIZATION (with Cbymifts) practical operations in
several parts of ALKALIZATION the act of im- ípccious Aritbmetick; also the practice of pregnating a liquor with an alcaline falt. common Aritbmetick, by ten numerical
ALHANDAL(in Pbarmacy) the Arabian A'LIMA ( of a privative, and aspis, Gr. name of Colocynthis, as Trocbifcá Albanduli, are hunger) medicines which either prevent or Torchees composed of Coiocyntbis, Bdellium afliuage hunger. L. and Gum Tragacanıb.
A'LIMENT (in a Medicinal sense) all that A'LIAS, a second or further writ issued which may be dissolved by the ferment or from the courts at Westminfter, after a Capias natural heat of the stomach, and converted iflued out without effect.
into the juice called Chile, to repair the conALIBLE alibilis, L.) Nutritive ; nourish- tinual walling of the parts of the body. ing; that which may be nourished.
ALIMEN’TAL (alimentalis, L.) pertainALIEN (alienus, L.) 1. Foreign, or not ing to nourishment. of the same family or land. 2. Estranged ALIMENTARINESS ( of alimentarius, from ; not allied to; adverse to; with the L.) nourishing quality, particle from, and sometimes ro, but impro ALIMENTARY Duet (Anatomy) that
part of the body through which food passes, A'LIEN (alienus, L.) 1. A foreigner; from its reception into the mouth, to its exit not a denison ; a man of another country or at the anus, including the gula, ftomach and family; not allied; a stranger. 2. In Law, intestines. Dr. Tyfon. · Also it is sometimes an Alien is one born in a strange country, us'd for the Thoracick Duet. and never enfranchised. A man born out A'LIPEDE (alipes, L. of ales, a bird, and of the land, so it be within the limits beyond pes a foot) nimble, swift of foot. the seas, or of English parents out of the ALIPÍTERY ( alipierium, L. of anstiegico, king's obedience, so the parents, at the time Gr.) a place belonging to, or an apartment of the birth, be of the king's obedience, is in baths, where persons were anointed. not Alien. If one born out of the king's AL'KALI (so called from the Arabick allegiance, come and dwell in England, his particle al and Kali) an herb called otherwise children (if he beget any here) are not Aliens, | Sali-wort or Glass-wort, which is a kind of but denizens.
sea-blite, and one of the principal ingredients TO ALIEN (aliener, Fr. alieno, L.) 1. in maki'g glais, and affords a great quantity To make any thing the property of another. of this kind of salt, and is cither fixed or 2. To estrange ; to turn the mind or affec. volatile. tion; to make averle to ; with from.
AL'KALI Salts, are only acids concen. ALIENABLE (from to alienare) that of trated in little molecules of earth, and united which the property may be transferred. with certain particles of oil, by the means
TO ALIENATE (aliener, Fr. alieno, L.) of fire. 1. To transfer the property of any thing to Fixt ALKALIES (with Chymists) are made another. 2. To withdraw the heart or af- by burning the plant Kail, &c. and having fcctions ; with the particle from, where the made a lixivium, or lee of the ashes, filfirst poffeffor is mentioned.
trating that lee, and evarorating the moisture ALIENATE (alienarus, L.) withdrawn of it by a gentle heat, so that the fixt falt from ; (ranger to ; with the particle from. may be left at the bottom of the vessel. This ALIENATION (alienario, L.).
1. The fixe falt being rer.dered very porous by the act of transferring property. 2. The fate ,fire having pass'd so often through it in its of being alienated, as, the citate was wasted, calcination, and probably by fixing there some during its alienation. 3. Change of affection. Of its eflential falt: and because that many 4. Apply'd to the mind, it means disorder of of the fiery particles do also tick in those the faculties.
pores, when any acid liquor is mingled with ALIENATION, 2 making over, or giv. it, causes a very great ebullition, or effering the right and property of a thing to ano
vescence. ther: also the drawing away or estranging Volatile ALKALIES (Cbymisiry) are the the affections of one person from another, volatile salts of vegetables, which are lo
ALIENATION Office, an office to which called, because they will terment with acids. all writs and covenants and entry, upon which ALL, 1. Quite; completely. 2. Alfines are levied, and recoveries suffered, are together; wholly ; without any other concarried, to have fines for alienation set and fideration. 3. Only; without admission of paid thereon.
any thing else. .4. Although. Thy sense is ALIENILOQUY (alieni!cqui.m, L.) a truly teutonick, but now obsolete. talking wide from the purpose, or not to the lometimes a word of emphasis ; nearly the matter in hand.
same with just. ALIF'EROUS (alijer, L.) bearing or hav ALL (æll, wall, æalle, alle, Sax. olls, ing wings.
W!jh ; al Durch; alie, Germ. á 107, Gr.) 1. ALIĞ'EROUS (aliger, L.) 'bearing, car The whole number, every one.
2. The rying, or having wings.
whole quantity ; every part.
3. The whole TO ALIGHT' (alihuan, Sax.) to get off duration of time. 4. The whole extent of the back of an horse; allo to settle upon, as place. a bindt,
5. It is