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ALL, the whole ; opposed to part, or it may be defined to be a series or continuation nothing. 2. Every thing, as, every ebing is of metaphors, as that allegory in Horeci, tée better, rbe jame, tbe firier.
Lib. 1. Ode 14. ALL is much used in compofition, but in O navis referent in mare te novi Hu&tus, most instances, it is merely asbitrary; as,
taarding. Sometimes the words com Where by the ship is meant the commonwealib; pounded with it, are fixed and classical; as, by the waves, the civil war ; by the pori, suzbiy. When it is connected with a par- peace and concord; by the oars, foldiers; by triple, it seems to be a noun; as, all-sur the mariners, magiftrares, &c. 52.rding; in other cases, an adverb; as, all ALLELUJAH, the herb wood-forrel, or epis bed, or completely accomplished. French forrel. Oi theie compounds, a small part of thofe ALLER (with artient writers) a word which may be found is inserted.
used to exprels the superlative degree, as aller TO ALLAY (from al.oyer, F.) to mix one good the greatest good. Detal with another, in order to coinage ; ALLER SANS JOUR (Law phrase) i. e. it is therefore derived by some from à la loi, to go without a day) fignifies to be finally diseccading to law; the quantity of metals being miss’d the court, another day of appearance mixed according to law; by others from allier, being appointed, to asste; perhaps from allocare, to put toge ALLIED (allié, F.) matched, united, also ther. i. To mix one metal with another, I joined by league. to soake it fitter for coinage ; in this senie, TO AL'LIGATE (alligatum, L.) to bind poft authors preserve the original Frencb orchography, and write alloy (which fignifies, ALLIGATOR, a kind of a West Indian 1. Baser metal mixed in coinage. 2. Abater crocodile, an amphibious creature, living both ment; diminution.) 2. To join any thing to on land and water; they grow as long as they anohes, so as to abate its predominant qua live, and some are 13 feet in length, and pro
3. To quiet, to pacify, to repress. portionably large, they have a musky smell, so The word, in this sense. i think not to be strong, that the air is scented for an hundred derived from the French alleger, but to be paces round them, and also the water they the Ergii word lay, with a before it, ac lie in. cordir g to the old form,
ALIOTH (Navigation) a star in the tail ALLAY (from alloy, F.) i. The metal of Ursa major, of much use to navigators in of a baser kind mixed in coins, to harden finding out the laticude, the height of the them, that they may wear less. Gold is al- pole, Sc. byed with filver and copper, two carats to a ALLO/DIUM (Civil Law) a freehold, pound Troy ; silver with copper only, of every man's own land or estate that he porxbich 18 pennyweights is mixed with a pound. Selles, merely in his own right, not yielding Camel thinks that the allay is added, to coun any services to another, and is opposed to tervail the charge of coining ; which might Feodum. have been done, only by making the coin less. ALLOW'ABLENESS (of allouër, F.) 2. Any thing, which, being added, abates being allowable. tbe predominant qualities of that with which ALL-GOOD, the herb mercury, or Guod it is mingled ; in the same manner as the Henry. admixture of baser metals allays the qualities ALLSEED, a plant so called from its aof the first mals. 3. Allay being taken from bounding with seed. haler metals, commonly implies fomething AL'LUM (alumen, L.) a mineral well worse than that with which it is mixed. known,
The joy has no allay of jealousy, hope, Saccharine ALLUM, a composition of and fear. Rofcom.
allum, rose-water, and whites of eggs boiled ALLAYER (from Allay.) The person or to the consistence of a paste. thing that has the power or quality of allaying. Plumose ALLUM, a sort of saline mineral
ALLAYMENT (from ollay.) That Atone, moft commonly white, inclining to which has the power of allaying or abating green, which rises in threads and fibres, rethe force of another.
sembling a feather. ALLEGOR'ICALNESS (of allegorique, F. ALLURINGNESS (of ad and lure) en. eli-guicus, L. of a hangopixos, Gr.) being ticingness. allegorical.
ALLU SION, a speaking a thing with reAL'LEGORY (arangozia, of a 110;, ano. ference to another; and 10 allufion is made to ther, and a yopsús, I say, Gr.) a layi..g one a custom, history, &c. when any thing is thing, and meaning another.' It is a conti-spoken or wiitten that has relation to it. nued metaphor, in which words there is ALLUSION (in Rbergrick) a dalliance or Something couched different from the literal playing with words alike sound, but unlike kenfe, and the figurative manner of speech is in sense, by changing, adding or iaking away carried on through the whole discourse ; or a letter or two.
ALLU'SIVENESS (of allufio, L.) the ALOPECIPA (αλωπεκία, of αλώπηξ, a having an allufion to.
fox, Gr. the fox-evil) a disease called the ALLU'VION (in the civil law) an acces. fcurf, when the hairs 'fall from the head by fion or accretion along the sea Thore, or the the roots. banks of large rivers, by tempefts or inun ALOUD (of aloud, Sax.) loudly, with a dations.
strong and audible voice. ALLU/VIOUS (alluvius, L.) overflow AL'PHABET (in Polygrapby) a dupliing.
cate of the key of a cypher, which is kept AL'MA (of-almus, of alendo, L. nourish- by each of the parties who correspond togeing, &c.) nourishing, fostering, cherishing, ther. as alma mater Cantabrigia, the fostering mo ALPHE'TA (Astronomy) a star of the ther Cambridge.
second magnitude; also called Lucida Corona. ALMACAN'TORS (with Afronomers) ALTAR (altare, L.) the table in Chriftian circles of altitude parallel to the horizon, churches where the communion is administer'd. the common pole of which is in the Zenitb. AL'TERABLENESS (of alterare, L.) Arab.
liableness to be altered. ALMICAN'TER AHS
AL'TERANT (alterans, L.) a property ALMICANTURAHS
or power in certain medicines, by which they ALMACAN'TOR Staff (with Matbema. induce an alteration in the body, and dispose ticians) an instrument of box or pear wood, it for health and recovery, by correcting fome · with an arch of 15 degrees, for taking observa- indispofition without causing any sensible eva. tions of the fun at his rising or setting, to find cuation. the amplitude, and thereby the variation of the ALTERATION (with Naturalifs) that compass.
motion whereby a natural body is changed or AL'MANACK, distribution or number. varied in some circumstances from what it ing. Arab.
really was before, though as to the nature ALMODA'RII (law term) lords of free and bulk, they appear to sense the same. manors, lords paramount.
To ALTERN'ATE (altcrnare, L.) to do ALMOI'N. See Frank Almoin.
by course or turns, as an alternate office, i.e. ? AU'MRY
almoneralso the ALTERNATE Angles (in Geometry) two place where alms are given.
equal angles made by a line AL'MOND (amygdala, L.) a sort of nut cutting two parallels, and X/Z well known.
makes those parallel the one ALMOND Furnace (with Refiners) a fur on one side, and the other on nace for separating all sorts of metals from the other, as x and 4, z and y are alternate cinders, pieces of melting pors, and other re- angles. fuse things.
ALTERNATE Proportion (with Geome-
F.) by turns.
ALM'NER S the king, & c. whose office changeableness.
ALTIL'OQUY (altiloquium, L.) loud ALMOST (Al-mæst, Sax.) for the talk; also of high things. most or greatest part.
ALTIMETRY (of alta, high things, ALMS ('Enerposúvn, Gr.) that which is and metiri, L. to measure) a part of Geomefreely given to the poor.
try, that teaches the method of taking and ALOES 'Anoni, Gr.) the gum or juice of measuring heights, whether accefliblc or ina tree growing especially in Egypt.
accessible. ALOGY (choriz, Gr.) unreasonableness, ALTISONOUS (altifonus, L.) sounding especially in eating.
high, loud, thrill, clear, &.
ALTITUDE of the Pole (in Afronomy r ther, generally with some thare of reproach, and Gegrapby) is the height or number of either of eagerness, or indiscrimination. degrees, that the pole in any latitude is rais'd To AMAZE (from a and maze, pera appears above the horizon.
plexity) 1. To confuse with terror. ALTITUDE of a Triangle (in Geometry) put into confusion with wonder. 3.
is the length of a right line let into perplexity.
ed by the prick'd lines in the of being amazed ; astonishment ;' wonder ; Egare annexed.
confufion. Tbe ALTITUDE of a Rbombus (in Geo AMAZEMENT (from amaze) 1. Such
metry) or of a Rbomboides, is a confused apprehenfion, as does not leave a right line let fall perpendicu- reason its full force ; extreme fear ; horror. lar from any angle on the op 2. Extreme dejection. 3. Height of admi
pofite side to that angle, and ration. 4. Astonishment, wonder at an uno it may be either within or without the figure, expected event. as the prick'd lines in the figure annex’d. ALTITUDE (with Apronomers) the height aftonishing.
AMAZING (from amaze) wonderful; of the sun, moon, planets, or point of the AMAZINGLY (from amazing) to 'a beavens comprehended between the horizon degree that may excite astonishment; wonand parallel circle of altitude, or between the derfully. ftar or affigned point in the heavens and the AMBER-GREASE ? a fragrant drug, horizon
AMBER-GRIS $ which melts als ALTITUDE (in Cosmograpby) is the most like wax, of an afh or greyish colour : perpendicular height of a body or object; or it is used both by apothecaries as a cordial, its diftance from the horizon upwards. and by perfumers as a scent.
Meridian ALTITUDE of ibe Sun, an It is found in several parts of the ocean, arch of the meridian, contained between the upon the Coasts of Muscovy and on the Indian fun and the horizon, when the sun is in the shore. meridian.
Some imagine it to be a compound of war Apparent ALTITUDE of tbe Sun, &c. and honey, which being hardened by the sun (in Afrorcmy) is what it appears to our ob- and falling into the sea, is there brought to fervation.
perfection: this opinion is the more probable, Real True
chat from which extracted from a composition of wax and hothe refraction has been substracted.
ney: and this opinion seems to be further ALTITUDE of the Equator (Aftronomy) supported, in that large pieces have been the complement of the altitude of the pole found before it has arrived at its full maturity, to a quadrant of a circle.
which being broke had wax and honey in the ALTITUDE (in Opticks) is the perpen: middle of them. dicula: space of place betwixt the base and Liquid AMBER, is a sort of native bal. the eye, or height of the visual point above fam or refin, resembling turpentine, clear, of the base.
colour reddish or vellowish, of a pleasant ALTITUDE of a Figure (with Geometri- scent, almost like that of ambergrease. cians) che perpendicular distance between the
Oil of AMBER, is a fine yellow transpathe vertex and the base.
rent, ponderous oil, procured after the spirit, ALTITUDE of Motion (Mechanicks) the by augmenting the degree of fire. measure of any motion counted according to Spirit of AMBER, is an acid liqvor drawn the line of direction of the moving force. from amber, by pulverizing and diftilling is,
ALU'MINATED (alumipatus, L.) done in a fand bath, &c. with alum.
AMBIDEX'TER, a prevaricator, a jack AM (Eom, Sax.) as I am.
on both sides. AMABILITY (amabilitas, L.) amiable AMBIDEX/TEROUSNESS (of ambi. ocís, loveliness.
dexter, L.) the using of both hands alike. AMARITUDE (amaritudo, L.) bitter AMBIENT Air (with Naturalifs) the pels.
encompassing air, so called by way of emiAMARULENCE (amaritudo, L.) bitter-nency, because it furrounds all things on the dels.
surface of the earth. AMASMENT (from amass) a heap; an AMBIENT Bodies (with Philofopbers! accumulation; a collection.
the same as circumambient bodies : natural TO AMASS (from amaller, F.) 1. To bodies that happen to be placed round about, collect together into one heap or mass. 2. In or encompass other bodies. a figurative sense, to add one thing to ano
3: PAMETHYSTIZONTES (of "Auslico
AMBIGUITY (from ambiguous) doubtful. AMBULATORY (ambulatoris, L.) goness of meaning; uncertainty of lignification: ing or moving up and down, not being fixed double meaning.
to any place; as Ambulatory Couris in oppoAMBIGUOUS (ambiguous, L.).1. Doubt - lition to Sedentary. ful; having two meanings ; of uncertain fig. AME'NABLÉ (of amener, F.) tra&able, nification. 2. Applied to persons using doubt that may be led or governed. ful expressions. It is applied to expressions, AMEND'ABLENESS (of amendement, F. or those that use them ; not to a dubious, or or emendabilis, L.) capableness of being asuspended ftate of mind.
mended. AMBIGUOUSLY from ambiguous) In AMENDE' (in French Customs) a mulator an ambiguous manner; doubtfully ; uncer- pecuniary punishment, imposed by the senzainly ; with double meaning,
ience of the judge for any crime, false proAMBIGUOUSNESS ( from ambiguous ) recution, or groundlefs appeal. The quality of being ambiguous; uncertainty AMENDE bonorable, is where a person is of meaning ; duplicity of signification. condemned to come into court, or into the
AMBILOGY (from ambo, L. and noy:s, presence of some person injured, and make an Gr.) Talk of ambiguous, or doubtful figni-open recantation; also an afflictive pain, carfication.
rying with it some note of infamy or disgrace; AMBILOQUOUS (from ambo and Loquor, as when the person offending is sentenced to L.) using ambiguous and doubtful expressions. go naked to his shirt, a torch in his hand,
AMBILOQUY (ambiloquum, L.) The and a rope about his neck, into a church or use of doubtful and indeterminate expressions ; before an auditory, and there beg pardon of discourse of double meaning.
God, or the king, or the court for some deAMBIT (ambitus, L.) The compass, or linquency. circuit of any thing ;
the line that encom. AMÉTHYST 'in Heraldry) is the purple passes any thing.
colour in the coats of noblemen, which is AMBITION (ambitio, L.) The desire of called purpure in the coats of lower gentry, and something higher than is possessed at present. Mercury in those of sovereign princes. See 1. The desire of preferment or honour, 2. | Purpure. The desire of any thing great or excellent. 3. It is used with to before a verb, and of before cor, Gr.) the beit fort of carbuncles or
rubies. AMBITIOUS (ambitiosus, L.) 1. Seized A'MIABLENESS famabilitas, L.) loveor touched with ambition ; defirous of ad liness ; also friendliness. vancement ; eager of honours ; aspiring. AMNIGENOUS (amnigonus, L.) born or It has the particle of before the object of am bred in, of, or near a river. bition. 2. Eager to grow bigger ; aspiring, AMO'MUM (with Botanists) the herb
AMBITIOUSLY (from ambitious) In an Our Lady's Rose, or Role of Jerusalem. ambitious manner; with eagerness of advance A'MORIST (amorojus, L.) an amorous ment or preference.
person. AMBITIOUSNESS (from ambitious) The A'MOROUSNESS (of amorosus, L.) lovquality of being ambitious.
ingness, Sc. AMBITUDE (ambio, L.) Compass ; cir AMOR'PHOUS (of morphus, L. ä peoppos, cuit ; circumference.
Gr.) without form or shape, ill-shapen. TO AMBLE (ambler, F. ambulo, L.) 1. AMORTIZA'TION ? (in Larv) the act To move upon an amble. (See amble) 2. To AMORTIZEMENT S'of turning lands move easily, without hard shocks, or shaking. into mortmain, i. e. of alienating or trans3. In a ludicrous sense, to move with sub- ferring them to some corporation, guild or million, and by direction; as, a horse that fraternity, and their succeilors. See Mortambles, uses a gait not natural. 4. To walk main. daintily and affectedy.
To AMOR'TIZE (in Law ) to make AMBLE (from to amble) A pace or move over lands or tenements to a corporation, Trent, in which the horse removes both his &c. 3:25 on one side ; as, on the other side, he AMPHIBIOUSNESS (of amphibius, L. removes his fore and hinder leg of the same of 16.06, Gr.) amphibious nature, living fide, at the farge time, whilft the legs on the on land and in water. near fide stand still; and when the far legs are AMPAILOGY ('ap minggía, Gr.) an upon the ground; the near fide removes the ambiguity of speech. fore leg and hindér leg, and the legs on the AMPLE (amplus, L.) 1. Large; wide ; far side stand still.
extended. 2. Great in bulk. 3. Unlimited ; AMBLYOPI'A (of dipelawomia, Gr.) dul- without restriction. 4. Liberal; large ; with ness or dimness of light, when the object is out parfimony. 5. Large ; fplendid ; with. not clearly discern'd, at what distance foever it out relervation. 6. Difiifive; not contractbe placed.
ed; as, an umple narrative; tbat is, not an AA BULATION, a walking, I, Spirome,
AMPLENESS (from ample) The quality of the reformation ; they maintain'd: '1. of being azple, largeness, fplendor. That infants are not capable of baptifm. 2.
TO AMPLIATE (emplio, L.) To en- They rejected all communion with other large, to make greater, to extend.
churches and oaths. 3. That the godly should AMPLIATION (from ampliate) 1. En- enjoy a monarchy here on this earth, that Izreezent, exaggeration, extenfion.
men have free will in spiritual matters, and fofer els, enlargement.
that any man may preach and administer the TO AMPLIFICATE (amplifico, L.) To facraments. enlarg, to spread out, to amplify.
ANABA SIS (avaláris, of ávalaiva, Gr. to AMPLIFICATION (amplification, F. ascend) an ascending or getting up, an ascent 1911), L.) 1. Enlargement, extenfion.
or rile. 3. It is usually taken in a rhetorical sense, ANACATHARSIS (ανακαθαρσις of ανά, and implies exaggerated representation, or dif- above and rabaipw, Gr. to purge, a medicine fold narrative ; an image hightened beyond that purges or discharges nature by some of bäty; a narrative enlarged with many cir- the upper parts. conftaoces.
ANACHORE'TA (dva qempera's, Gr.) a AMPLIFIER (from to amplify) One that monk who retires from company, and leads a enlarges any thing, one that exaggerates, one solitary life by himself. that represents any thing with a large display ANAGLÝPÄTICE l'Avaydutlix, Gr.) of the best circumstances, it being usually the art of engraving, chasing or imbossing. taken in a good sense.
ANAGOGETICAL (anagogeticus, L.) TO AMPLIFY (amplifier, F.) To enlarge, pertaining to mysteries, myftical, myfterious, ta escrease any material substance, or object that has an exalted or uncommon fignification; of lense. 2. To enlarge, or extend any also that exalts the mind to divine contemthing incorporeal. 3. To exaggerate any plations. thing, to enlarge it by the manner of repre ANAISTHESI'A (of ava' and ailesiz, fotation. 4. To enlarge, to improve by Gr.) a loss of, or defect of sense, as in such new additions.
as have the pally or are blasted. TO AMPLIFY, frequently with the par ANALEM'MA (with Aftronomers) an oro bele st. 1. To speak largely in many words, thograph.cal projection of the sphere, on the to lay one's self out in diffufion. 2. To form plain of the meridian, the eye being fupposed large or pompous representations.
to be at an infinite diftance, and either in the AMPLITUDE (amplitude, F. amplitudo, east or west points of the horizon. L) 1. Extent. 2. Largeness, greatness. 3. ANALEMMA (Astronomy) an instrument, Capacity. 4. Splendor, grandeur, dignity. a kind of astrolabe made either of brass or s. Copiousness, abundance. 6. Amplitude of wood, consisting of the furniture of the same ibe range of a projectile, denotes the horizontal projection, with zn horizon or cursor fitted to hre fubtending the path in which it moved. it, used for finding the sun's rising and setting, 7. Az plitude in aftronomy, an arch in the & c. horizon, intercepted between the true east ANAL'GESY (analgesia, L. évagnsia, and weit point thereof, and the center of the Gr.) an indolency, a being free from pain fus or star at its rifing or setting. It is eastern and greief. of ortive, when the star rises, and western or ANALOʻGICALNESS (of analogique, F. occiduous, when the star sets. The eastern or analogicus, L. of dradeyirds, Gr.) the being weitern amplitude are also called northern or proportional. fouthern, as they fall in the northern or south ANAL'OGOUS (analogus, L.) pertaining er quarters of the horizon.
to analogy, answerable in proportion, reiemMsgedical AMPLITUDE, is an arch of bling or bearing relation to: the horizon contained between the fun at his ANALOGY (αναλογία οf ανα and λογίζα, chag, and the east or west point of the com- Gr.) like reason, proportion, correspondence; país; or, it is the difference of the rising or relation which several things in other relpects letting of the fun, from the east or west points bear to one another. of the compass.
ANALOGY (with Grammarians) the deAMPLY (ampk, L.) 1. Largely, liberal clining of a noun, or the conjugation of a verb
At large, without reserve. 3. At according to its rule or standard. large, copiousy, with a diffusive detail. ANALYSIS (with Cbymists) the decom
To AM/PUTATE (amputare, L.) to cut pounding of a mixt body, or the reducing any cf; in gardening, to lop or prune.
substance into its first principles. AMYG'DLAÆ (with Anatomifs) the al. ANALYSIS (with Logicians) is the memonds to the ears; the same as paristbmiæ and thod of finding out truth, and Synebesis is the tfilie.
method of convincing others of a truth already ANABAPTIST (of áva' and Bailestiv, G. found out. It is the attention the mind gives to i. c. to baptize again) by this name were call- what it knows in a question, which helps to ed Jobs of Leyden' Maneer, Knipperdoling, resolve it, and in which the analysis principally and other Goran Entbufiaft's about the time consists; all the art lying in extracting a