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great many truths, which lead us to the white, soft, yeilding swelling of some parts kaowledge of what we seek after.

or of the whole body, that deats in when, ANALYSIS (with Mathematicians) is the pressed. ast of discovering the truth or falsehood of a ANASTOECHEIO'SIS (ásaçoxslaru, proposition, by supposing the question to be al. Gr.) a resolution of mixt bodies into their ways solved, and then examining the conse- first principles by chymical operations. quences, till some known or eminent truth is ANAT'ASIS (crétaris, Gr.) a stretching, found out; or else the impossibility of the reaching out, or extenfion upwards. present proposition is discovered.

ANATASIS (with Surgeons) an extension ANALYSIS of finite quantities (Marbe of the body towards the upper parts. maticks) that which is called Specious Ariib. ANATHEMAT'ICALLY (of anarbome, metick or Algebra.

F. anasbena, L. ayże:42, Gr.) in a curling ANALYSIS of infinites, is the method of manner. Anexions or differential calculus called the New ANATOMIC'ALLY (anatomice, L. of Analysis.

avatoixàs, Gr.) according to the rules of ANALYSIS, a table or syllabus cf the anatomy principal heads or articles of a continued dir A'NATRON (ärarp, Gr.) a sort of salt course, disposed in their natural order and extracted from the water of the river Nile; dependency

also a nitrous juice which condenses in vaults, 'ANALYTICAL Merbod (in Logick) is.arches, and subterraneous places; also a vola the method of resolution, thewing the true tile salt skimmed off the composition of glass, way by which the thing was methodically, when in fufion; also a compound salt made or primarily invented.

of quicksilver, alum, vitriol, common salt, ANALYTICALLY (ofi analytique, F. and nitre. Analytice, L. of avánusis, Gr.) by way of AN'BURY (with Farriers) a sort of wen analysis.

or spongy wart full of blood, growing in any ANALYTICKS (aydautina, Gr.) part of the body of a horse.

ANCESTOR, a fore-father. L. Jy given to Algebra, as being nothing else but ANCESTOR (in Common Law) the dif* general analysis of pure matbemarieks: or 'erence between ancestor and predecessor is, elle because it teaches how to solve questions this, ancestor is applied to a natural person, and demonstrate theorems, by searching into the as A B and his ancestors, and predecessor may fundamental nature and frame of the thing; be used of any persons that were prior in time, which to that end is as it were resolved into as of a corporation or body politick, as a parts, or taken all to pieces, and then put bishop and his predecessor. together again.

ANCHOR (Hieroglypbically ) represents ANAMNESIS (with Rbetoricians) a fi- hope, hope being as it were the ancbor that gure, when the orator mentions or calls to holds us firm to our faith in adversity. mind what is paft.

To Boat tbe ANCHOR, to put it into the ANAMNETICKS (in Pharmacy) medi- | boat. cines proper to restore a decay'd memory. The ANCHOR is foul (Sea Phrase) is

ANAMOR’PHOSIS (of ava' and poppwois, when the cable by the turning of the ship is of peopori, Gr. form or shape) a monitrous pro- hitched about the Nuke. ject in perspective and painting : or the repre The ANCHOR is a Cock-bell (Sea Phrase). sentation of some figure or image, either upon used when the arcbor hangs right up and a plane or carv'd surface in a deformed shape, down by the ship's side. which at a proper distance Mall appear regular The' ANCHOR is a Peek (Sea Phrase) is and in proportion.

when it is just under the bause or hole in the ANANCÆION (avayusive, Gr.) a fi-thip’s ftern, through which the cable runs gure in Rbetorick that makes out the necessity out that belongs to it. of a matter.

To let full an ANCHOR 2 (Sea Phrase) is ANANTOPO'DOTON (abertopidoter, To drop an ANCHOR S to put or let it Gr.) a figure in Rbetorick, when an oration down into the sea, in order to make the ship wants some parts.

ride, ANAPHORA (&ympopa, Gr.) a relation,

The ANCHOR comes bome (Sea Term) a repetition. L.

used, when it cannot bold the ship, but that ANAPHORA (with ancient Asronomers) it drives away by the violence of the wind or an ascension or rising up of the twelve figns tide. of the zodiack, from the east, by the daily To fetch bome the ANCHOR 2 (SeaTerm) course of the heavens.

To bring bome the ANCHOR S is to weigh ANAPLEROTICKS (ayana mpo Fuxci, Gr.) or take it up out of the river, &c. medicines proper to fill up ulcers wounds Topboe an ANCHOR (Sea Term) is to cafe with new Hesh.

the ti ok of it with boards, that it may betAVASAR CA (avecépra, of dive and capeter take hold in soft ground. fieih, Gr.) a certain furi' of droply, being a


ture, &c.


ANCHORAGE (in Law) a duty paid to ANEURISM (of dverpúrw, to dilate, Gr.) the king for the privilege of calling anchor a stretching or bursting of the arteries, so that in a pool or a haven.

they beat and (well continually, till they ANCHORA’LIS Proceffus (with Anato- sometimes become as large as an egg ; the eis) the process of thooting forth of the swelling yields if it be pressed with the finger, houlder-bones like a beak, called Coracoides but quickly recoils. and Cornicularis.

ANGELOGRAPHY (of ayysicv, a vessel, ANCIENT (ancien, F. antiquus, L.). 1. and ypaon, a description, Gr.) a description of 04; that happened long fince, of old time, the vesels in the human body, i. e. the zot modern. Ancient and old are diftinguished, nerves, veins, arteries and lymphatieks. old relates to the duration of the thing itself, ANGEL SHOT, chain shot, being a canas, an old cost, a coat much worn; and an non bullet cut in two, and the halves being cent, to time in general, as, an ancient dress, joined together by a chain. a babit used in former times. But this is not ANGEL'ICA (Borany) an herb. always observed, for we mention old customs ; ANGELICALNESS (of angelique, F. anbac cho cd be sometimes opposed to modern, gelicus, L.) the being angelical, angelical naexiest is seldom opposed to new.

ANCIENT Tenure is that, whereby all ANGER (a word of no certain etymology, the manors belonging to the crown, in St. Edo but with most probability, derived by Skinner sards, or William the Conqueror's days, did from ange, Sax. vexed, which, however, hold. The number and names of which seems to come originally from the Latin ango.) Dators, as all others belonging to common 1. Anger is uneagress or discomposure of the perioas, he caused to be written in a book, inird, upon the receipt of any injury, with after a survey made of them, now remaining a present purpose of revenge. Locke. in tbe Excbequer, and called Doomsday-book ; ANGER is, according to fome, a transient and such as by that book appeared to have hatred, or at least very like it. Sourb. belonged to the crown at that time, are cal- Pain or smart of a sore or swelling; in this led dagen: Demernes.

sense it seems plainly deducible from anger. 2. Oid, that has been of long duration. 3. To ANGER (from the noun) to make Paft, former.

angry, to provoke, to enrage. ANCIENT (from ancient) those that lived ANGERLY (from anger) in an angry in old time, were called ancients, opposed to manner, like one offended. the wions.

ANGIGLOS/SI (of άγγύς and γλώσσα, ANCIENT, the flag or Atreamer of a the tongue, Gr.) persons who fammer in hip, and, formerly, of a regiment. their speech and tongue, especially such as

ANCIENT, the bearer of a flag, as was, with great difficulty pronounce the letters, Ancient Pafcl; whence in present use, an K, L and R. enfiza.

ANGIOMONOSPER MOUS } Plants. ANCIENTLY (from ancient) in old times. ANGIOSPER MOUS ANCIENTNESS(from ancient) antiquity, such plants as have one feed succeeding to exifience from old times.

one single flower, L. ANCIENTRY (from ancient) the honour An ANGLE (angulus, L.) a corner, also of ancient lineage ; the dignity of birth. a rod with a line and hook for fishing.

ANDROMEDA (Aftronomy) a northern ANGLE (in Geometry) a space compreconftellation, confifting of 27 itars.

hended between the meeting of two lines, ANDROT'OMY (of drip, gen. d!&ūv, which is either greater or less, as those lines and token a dissection, Gr., an anatomical incline towards one another, or stand farther dification of human bodies.

diitant asunder ; these angles are either plain ANECDOTE, a secret hiftory, such as or spherical. relates the secret affairs of kings and princes ; A plain ANGLE (in Geometry) is the disa, içeaking with too much freedom or too tance or opening of two lines much fincerity, of the manner and conduct that touch one another in of persons in authority.

the same plane, but so as ANEC'DOTON (avin83704, Gr.) a not to make one straight

ANEKDOTON thing not given forth, line, and the lines that form produced or made publick.

it are called legs, as in the ANEMOG'RAPHY (of ’artuos, the wind, figure above; or it is a space and maori, Gr. a description) a treatise or bounded by the meeting of philosophical description of the winds. two lines which cut onc ano.

ANEMO'METER (of a repos, the wind, ther on a plane, as in the and hisper, Gr. measure), an inftrument or figure, and are either right machine for measuring the strength of the lined, currilinear, or mixed, the first of which sind.

are the angles above. ANEMIONE (ásszeán, the emony of

Curvilineal Find flower,



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angle, is made by the | ABC, CBD CBD, DBE, DBE; EBA, are
intcrfection or mutual cul- contiguous angles.
ting one another of two
crooked lines, as in the fi-

(Geometry) are such as are

made by two right lines cror-
Mix: ANGLE (Germe. fing each other, and which

try) is made by the meet. only touch in the angular
ing of a right line with a point; they are called vertical on account or
crooked or curved line, as ibeir being opposed ad verticum, or at the top,
in the figure,

as the angles A and B are verti al or opposite

angles, as likewise C and D.
A Spberical ANGLE, An ANGLE also in a tri В.

(Geometry) is an angle made angule is said in be opposite A

by the mecting of two angles to the side that subrends it,
of great circles, which in as the angle A is opposite

tercept or mutually cut one to the fide BC, and the an-
another on the surface of gle C to the side B, and
the globe or sphere, as the the angle B to the fide AC, as in the figure.
figure ABC.


ANGLES, ANGLES, whether plain or spherical, Oppofile

A may be considered as right, acute and obtuse.

(Geometry) if a line cut two
A Rigbt ANGLE (Geometry) others that are parallel, the

is an angle made by a line fal- angles C and D are called in-
ling perpendicularly on another, cernal and opposite, in re- D
or that which subtends an arch spect to the external ones,
of go degrees, or a fourth part A and B, to which they are respectively equal
of a circle, as in the figure ; as in the figure,

all circles being commonly di Alternate ANGLES (Geometry) are the vided into 360 parts, call'd degrees. angles E and D, and F and C, which are re.

An Acute ANGLE (Geo- spectively equal to one another. metry) is an angle that is less

External ANGLES (Geomerry) are the than a right angle, or than angles of any right-lined figure without it, 90 degrees, as in the figure, when all the tides are severally produced and

and is 10 called, because the lengthered ; and all being taken together, are angular point is Marp.

cqual to four right angles.
An Obtufe ANGLE (Geo Internal ANGLES (Gecmetry) are all ano,

metry) is one which has its gles made by the fides of any right lined figure Ав

angular point blunt or broad, within.

and is greater than a right ANGLE, at the centre one, its angular point consisting of more than of a circle, is an angle go degrees, as in the figure A, which is to whose vertex is at the much more than go degrees, as B is less than center of the circle, and go, both together making a semi-circle or whose legs are two Ra. 180 degrees

dii of a circle, as in the
Rigbı ANGLED Triangle, figure:
is one which has one right An ANGLE in obe Seg-
angle, as the angle A in the ment of a circle, is that

figure, the other two B and whick is concluded beB A c being both acute, and tween twochords that flow

making both together, but from the same point in 90 degrees.

the periphery, as in the Oblique ANGLE, is a name used in com. I figure. mon to both acute and obtuse angles.

A Solid ANGLE (Geometry) is contained,
ANGLES have also several other names under more than two planes or plain angles,
according to their different positions, their not being in the same place and meeting in a
relations to the respective figures they are in, point.
and the lines that form them, as

Equal selid ANGLES (Geometry) are such

as are contained under plain angles, equai boch

in multitude and magnitude.
(Geometry) which have one

ANGLE of Contact (Geometry) is that
D jeg common to both angles, which a circle or other curse makes witke

and both taken together are a tangent at the point of contact.

equal to two right ones, as Horned ANGLE (Geometry) an ang'e made E in the figure its angles by a right line, either a tangent or å fecant,




with the periphery of a circle.

point of the bation C, by the meeting of the
Homologous ANGLES, 'wo outermost sides or bases of the polygon
(Geometry) are such as FC and CN,
are in two figures, and
retain the order from

the first in both figures,
as OX.
ANGLE at ibe Peri-2

ANGLE at ebe Seg-

ment (Geometry) is compre-

herded between the two


chords A B and B D, and

stands on the arch A B. ad ANGLE (Geometry) the inner angle which is made by two convex spherical lines bterfecting each other.

K Peleesid ANGLE (Grometry) an angle in ANGLE of obe interior Figure (in Forria the shape or figure of an hatchet.

fication) is the angle CHM, which is formed Siirid ANGLE (Geometry) an angle in in H the centre of the bastion by the meetform of a Siftrum.

ing of the innermoft sides of the figure CH ANGLES (in Anatomy) are understood of and HM. she corners of the eye or Canthi, where the ANGLE Flanking (in Fortification) is the upper eye-lid meets with the under.

angle which is made by the two rasant lines ANGLE of a Wall ( Arcbisetture) is the of defence, viz. the two faces of the bastion pat or corner, where the two faces or hides prolonged. of a sail meet.

ANGLE flanking upwards ( Fortification) ANGLES (Afrology) certain houses of a is the angle GLH formed by the Aanking (cheme of the heave $, the first house or line and the courtain. borocupe is called the angle of the Eap, the Flanked ANGLE (in Fortification) is the Se: enth the angle of the Well, the fourth angle BCS, which is made by the two faces keuse the angle of the Norib, the tenth BC, cs, and is the utmost part of the bar. boule the angle of the South.

tion, most exposed to the enemy's batteries, ANGLE of Longitude (Aftronomy) is the and is therefore called by some the angle of angke which the circle of a star's longitude tbe baftion, or the point of the baftion, Dikes with the meridian at the pole of the ANGLE forming the fank (Fortification ecliptick.

is that which confifts of one flank and one ANGLE of Eloxgation (Aftronoray) is the Demi-gorge ; or it is composed by the flanke affcrence between the true place of the sun, and that ade of the polygon, running from the and the geocentrick place of the planet. fank to the angle of the polygon, and were it

ANGLE of Commutation (Affronomy) is extended would cross the bastion. the difference between the true place of the

of the Epaule 3 (Fortification) fan, seen from the earth, and the place of a planet reduced to the ecliptick.

ABC, which is formed by the lines of the ANGLE of Incidence (in Dioptricks) is an face BC and the flank AB. angle made by an incidentary with a lens or ANGLE of Elevation in Mecbanicks) an cher refracting surface.

angle comprehended between the line of a ANGLE of ebe Circumference (in Fortif- projectile, and a horizontal line. (459) is the next angle made by the arch, ANGLE of Direction (Mechanicks) an angle which is drawn from one gorge to the other. comprcher.ded between the lices of direction

ANGLE of tbe Courrain in (in Fortificarion) of two conspiring forces. o the angle of the flink BAE is formed by or ANGLE of Incidence (Mechanicks) an ancontained between the courtain and the flank gle made by the line of direction of an imia any piece of fortification.

.pinging body in the point of contact. Dimizifbed ANGLE (in Fortification) is ANGLE of Reflection (Mechanicks) an an. the angle BCF, which is formed by the gle made by the line of direction of a remeeting of the outermoft sides of the polyo Hected body, in the point of contact from gon, and the face of the bastion.

which it rebounds. ANGLE of or at :be Center (in Fortifica Front ANGLES (Military Affairs) the two tica) is the angle G KF, which is formed by last men of the front rank. the concurrence of two strait lines drawn from Rear ANGLES (Military Affairs) the two the ang'es of the ure F C.

last men of the rear rank. ANGLE of tbe exterior Figure (in Forti. ANGLE of tbe Eaj (in Navigation) is fitrion} is the same as the angle of the poly- that point of the compass that the ship lails 322, and is the angle FCN, formod at the upon.




Oprick ANGLE, is that which is contain ANHELO'SE (anbelofus, L.) fetching ed or included between two rays drawn from breath quick and flort; puffing and blowing: the extreme points of an object to the center of AN'IL, the plant from which Indigo is the pupil.

procured. ANGLE of Inclination (Opricks) is the ANI'LENESS (anilitas, L.) the being a angle made by a ray of incidence, and the very old woman. axis of inciderce.

ANIMA, the breath; also the principle of ANGLE of Reflection (in Opricks) is an life in the rational, sensitive or vegetative angle formed by the reflected ray, at the point roul, L. of reflection, with the other part of the ANIMA Murdi, called by Plato fuxen tangent line.

xót he's, the soul of the world or of the ANGLE refra7ed (in Opricks) is an angle univerie, with Naturalisis) is a certain pure, between the refracted ray and the perpen- ethereal substance or spirit, which is diffused dicular.

through the mass of the world, which inANGLE of Refraktion (Opticks) is an an forms, actuates and unites the divers parts of it gle made by the ray of incidence, extended into one great, perfect, organical or vita! through another medium (as out of the air in body. to the water) and the ray of refraction. The modern Platonists explain the anima Ofrick ANGLE

(in Opricks) is an angle mundi to be a certain ethereal, universal spirit; Visual

included between two which exifts perfectly pure in the heavens, rays, drawn from the two extreme points in but pervading elementary bodies on earth, and an obje&t to the center of the pupil, as ABC, intimately mixing with all the minute atoms which is comprehended between the rays AB of it, altumes somewhat of their nature, and and BC.

thence becomes of a peculiar kir.d.

Some again define it to be a certain ignifick A

virtue or vivifick heat, infused into the chaos

and disseminated through the whole frame of В.

it, for the conservation, nutrition and vivifica

tion of it. c

AN'IMABLENESS (of animabilis, L.)

the having life. ANGLE (in Sciagrepby, i. e. Dialling) an ANIMADVER'SIVENESS (of animus angle that is made by the strait line, proceed- and advertere, L.) the animadverfive faculty. ing from the sun to the dial plane.

ANIMAL, 1 e. a living creature, is by AN'GLER (of angel, Sax.) one who some defined to be a being, which besides the fishes with an angle.

power of growing, increafing and producing ANGUIGENOUS (anguigenus, L.) in- its lilie (which vegetables also have) is furgendered or begotten of serpents.

ther endowed with sensation and spontaneous ANGUINEAL (anguircus, L.) pertain-motion. ing to an eel.

ANIMAL (animalis, L.) 1. That which ANGUIN’EAL Hyperbola, an hyperbola belongs or relates to animals. 2. Animal of an eel-like figure, which cuts its assymp- functions, diftinguished from natural and vital, tote with contrary flexions, and is produced are the lower powers of the mind, as, the both ways into contrary legs.

the will, memory, and imagination. 3. AANGULARNESS (of angulaire, F. an nimal life is opposed, on one side, to intellecgularis, L.) having corne: s.

tual, and on the other, to vegetable. 4. ANGULAR Diction (Mechanicks) a com Animal is used in oppoGtion to spiritual or pound sort of motion, wherein the movea rational; as the animal nature. ble both Rides and revolves at the same time. ANIMALCULE ( animalculum, L.) a

ANGULAR Notion (with Apronomers, is small animal; particularly those that are in the increase of the distance of any two planets, their first and small Aate. revolving round any budy, as the common ANIMALITY (from animal) The fate of center of motion.

animal existence. ANGULOSITY (with Philosophers) the To ANIMATE (animo, L.) To quicken ; quality of that which has several or many to make alive ; to give life to; as, the soul angles.

animates the body; man must have been ANGUST'NESS (of anguftus, L.) nar animated by a higher power. 2. To give Townes, traieness.

powers to; to he ghten the powers or effect of ANGUST'ITY (of anguffira!, L.) ftruit. any thing. 3. To encourage ; to incite. ness or nartowness of place; alfo Atraitness of ANIMATE (from to animale) alive; porcircumstances, poverty, &c.

fefling animal life. ANHALTINA (with Physicians) medi ANIMATED ( from animale) lively ; cines that promote respiration.

vigorous. ANHELATION, a panting, a difficulty ANIMÁTENESS (from animare) The of breathing; forincís of bicach,

state of being animated.


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