« AnteriorContinuar »
ANIMATION (from animale) The act due to him from an abbot or prior for any of ef animating or enlivening. 2. The state his chaplains, used to demand it, & c. of being enlivened.
ANNUAL Equation (Aftronomy) is the ANIMATIVE ( from animate ) That equation of the mean motion of the sun and which has the power of giving life ; or ani- moon, and of the apogee and nodes. mating.
ANNUALS (with Boranits) plants that ANIMATOR (from animare) that which are to be raised year by year; such as die in the gives life; that which implants a principle of winter.
ANNU'ITY (of annuus, L. yearly) a yearANIMOSE (animofitas, L.) full of spirit; ly income or rent that is to be paid for term of het; vehement.
life; an annuiry is different from a rent only ANIMOSENESS (from animole) spirit ; in this, that the former only charges the granheat; vehemence of Temper.
ter or his heirs, whereas a rent is payable oat ANIMOSITY (from animofitas, L.) ve of land. ban:ence of hatred ; passionate malignity. Dr. Halley, in his observations on the BresIt implies rather the dispohtion to break out law bills of mortality, thews that it is 80 to into outrages, than the outrage itself. I a person of 25 years of age does not die in a
AN JOUR and WAST (Law term) a year ; that it is s and a half to one that å forfeiture when a man has committed petty man of 40 lives 7 years; and that one of 30 Heaja and felony, and has lands held of some may reasonably expect to live 27 or 28 years : or non perfon, which shall be seized for so great a difference there is between the life the king, and remain in his hands a year and a of man at different ages; that it is 100 to I day, next after the attainder, and then the if one of 20 lives out a year ; and but 38 to tees thall be pulled up, the houses razed and to 1, that one of so does lo. gold down, and the pasture and meadows When and from some other observations he p.onghed up ; except be, to whom the lands has conftrućted the following tables, shewing bould come by escheat or forfeiture, redeem it the value of annuities from every 5th year of of the king.
life to the 70th.
Y. Pur. ANISCALPTORIS Mufculi par
40 (Anatomy) a muscle called also lotiffimus dorsi,
9, 91 from its largeness, q. d. the broadest of the
13, 44 50
9, back : a pair of muscles, so called from that
15 13, 33 55
8, 51 action that is performed by the help of it, it
61 serving to draw the arm backwards and
27 65 downwards.
5, 32 ANNALS, histories or chronicles of things
35 done, from year to year. L.
TO ANNEX (annetto, anne&tum. L. an AN'NULAR (annularis, L.) pertaining to 2.307, F.) 1. To unite to at the end; as, he
a ring. anneled a codicil to his will. 2. To unite, ANNULAR Ligament (Anatomy) a Itrong as, a smaller thing to a greater ; as, he an- ligament encompassing the Carpus or wrist, sexed a province to his kingdom. 3. To after the manner of a bracelet. urite à pofteriori ; annexion always pre-fup ANOI'SANCE (of nuisance, F.) any poling something; thus, we may say, pu NOI'SANCE injury, damage or hurt nitament is annexed to guilt ; but not guilt to NU'SANCE done to a publick place, punishment.
bridge, highway, &c. or to a private one by ANNEX (from to annex) The thing an encroachment, by laying in it any thing that nered; addicamentum.
may breed infection, &c. ANNEXATION (from annex) 1. Con. ANOMALIS'TICAL Year (Aftronomy) jancion ; addition. 2. Union ; coalition ; is the space of time wherein the earth paties conjunction.
through her orbit. ANNEXION (from annex) the art of ANÄOMALY (in Aftronomy) the distance Bisexion, addition.
of a planet from the Apbelion or Apogee ; or ANNÉXMENT (from annex) 1. The art an irregularity in the motion of a planet, of annexing.. 2. The thing annexed.
whereby it deviates from the Apbelion or ANNOI'SANCE (in Law) nusance, a Apogee. hort or offence either to a publick place, as a ANOMALY of a Planet mean or equal (in high way, bridge or common river, or to a
the New Aftronomy) is the Area, which is private one, by laying any thing that may contained under a certain line drawn from the breed infection; by encroaching or the like. fun to the planet.
ANNOISANCE, the name of a writ Mean ANOMALY of tbe Sun or Planet brought upon this transgression.
(with Aftronomers) is an arch of the ecliptick, ANNUAL Pension (in Law) a writ by between the mean place of it, and its apogee. which the king, having an apnual pension
12, 12, II, II,
In the modern Aftronomy it is the time where ANTANACL ASIS (aslaváxdagis, of 4377 in the planet moves from the Apbelion to the and aivannáo, to Atrike back again, Gr.) mean place or point of its orbit.
reflecting or bearing back. The true ANOMALY of ibe center (Afro ANTAPO'DOSIS (eslaggódotis, of asta Romy) an arch of the zodiack, bounded by the against) and from, and dissipes, Gr. to give a true morion of the center ; in the new Afro- returning or paying on the other side,or by turns. pomy it is an arch of the eccentrick circle, in ANTA'ŘES (with Aftronomers) the scorcluded between the Apbelion and a right line, pion's heart, a fixe ftar of the first magnitude drawn through the center of the planet per- in the constellation Scorpio, in longitude 45 pendicular to the line of the Appides. degrees 13 minutes, latitude 4 deg. 27 min.
ANOMALY of the Eccentrick (New Af. ANTARTHRITICKS (of a'rli and differe fronomy) an arch of the eccentrick circle in Tinos, Gr.) remedies good against the gout. cluded between the Apoelion, and a right ANTAŚTHMAT'ICKS(ot asli and abuse line drawn thro' the center of the planet per- riuos, Gr.) remedies against the phthisick or pendicular to the line of the Apfides. shortness of breath. True or equared ANOMALY (Astronomy)
ANTECE'DENCE (antccedens, L.) a gois the angle at the fun which a planet's dif- ing before, L. tance from the Apoelium appears under ; or it ANT'ÉCE'DENT Decree, a decree preis the angle at the Area taken porportional to ceeding some other decree, or some action the time in which the planet moves from the of the creature, or the provision of that mean place to its Apbelion.
action. To ANSWER (the etymology is uncer ANTECEDENTS of Ibe Ratio (with Matain) 1. To speak in return to a question. tbematicians) is the first term of comparison 2. 'To speak in opposition. 3. To be ac- in a proportion, or that which is compared to countable for. 4. To vindicate, to give a another. Thus if the ratio or proportion fatisfactory account of, 5. To give an ac were of B to C, or 18 to 16, B or s is the
6. To correspond to, to suit with antecedent, and Cor 16 the consequent. 7. To be equivalent to; to stand for some ANTECEDEN’TIA (Affronomy) when a thing else. 3. To satisfy any claim or peti- planet appears to move westward contrary to ton. 9. To act reciprocally upon. 10. To the order or course of the signs, it is said to stand as oppofite, or correlative to something move in Antecedentia. fe. IL To bear proportion to.
ANTECHAMBER 2 of ente camera, L. perform what is endeavoured or intended by ANTICHAMBER} an outer chamthe agent. 13. To comply with. 14. To ber of an apartment, where servants wait, succeed, to produce the wished event. 15. To and trangers stay, till the person is at leisure appear to any call, or authoritative summons. to whom they would speak. 36. To be over against any thing.
ANTEMUN'DANĚ (of anse and munida. ANSWER (from to anszver) 1. That nm, L.) before the beginning or creation of which is said, whether in speech or writing, the world. in return to a question, or pofition. 2. In ANTERIOUR, something before another, Law, a confutation of a charge exhibited a- | especially in respect of place. gainst a person.
ANTHELMINTHICKS (of all and ANSWERABLE (from answer) 1. That saidou, Gr. a worm) medicines which to which a Reply may be made ; that which destroy worms in human bodies. may be answered; as, the argument, though AN'THEM (antbema, Ital.q. of a Hupro, fabele, is yet answerabl. 2. Obliged to give Gr. a church song, performed in a cathedral, an account, or' stand the trial of an accusa- &c. by the choristers, divided into two tion. 3. Correspondent. 4. Proportionate. chorus's, who fing alternately. 5. Suitable ; suited. 6. Equal. 7. Relative; St. AN'THONY's Fire. See Eryfzclas. correlative.
ANTHRACOTHE I'OSALENI'TRUM, ANSWERABLY (from answerable) in (of dvogaš, a cole, Peior, sulphur, das, falt. due proportion ; with proper correspondence; and, ritrov, nitre, Gr.) all the ingredients of Suitably
gunpowder. ANSWERABLENESS (from answerable) ANTHOPOG'RAPHY (of "Avgano, a the quality of being answerable.
man, and ypaori, Gr. description) a physiological ANSWERER (from answer) 1. He that discourse or treatise of all the component parts answers; he that speaks in return to what of a human body. another has spoken. 2. He that manages ANTHROPO'LOGY (in Theology) a way the controversy against one that has written of speaking of God after the manner of first.
men, by attributing to him human parts, as ANTAG'ONIST ? (with Anatomifs hands, eyes, &c.
ANTAGONIS'TA } a muscle that has ANTHROPO'PHAGY, the act of cating an opposite situation to another or a contrary man's or human Aeth. function, as the Abdullor of the Cubirus, ANTHYPNOT'ICS (of avi and üg, which ferves to pull the arm back, and the Gr. Deep) medicines bat prevent Keep. Abductor that itretches it out.
ANTHYPOCHONDRI'ACA (of #1:- | characters of a real metal, except malleability":
i's, Gre) medicines good against dis- and may be called a femi-metal, beiog a foffile ses of che hypochondria.
glebe of some undetermined metal, combined AVTICHAMBER. See Antecbamber. with a fulphurous and Acoy fubftance. Mines
ANTICHRE'SIS (in the Civil Law) a of all metals afford it ; but chiefly those of core ang or convention between the debtor silver and lead ; that in gold mines is reck ned and the creditor, as to a lone or money upon best. It has its own mines in Hungary, Gera bortgage or pawn.
many, and France. It is found in clods or ANTICHRIST (576xgis of a:li, a ftones, of several fizes, bearing a near repiatt, and Xgicos, Chrift, Gr.) a name which semblance to black lead, only lighter and Sz. Peal gives, by way of eminence, to the harder. Sts texture is tull o' little shining son of an and son of perdition, who, as is pro- veins or threads, like needles ; brittle as phebied in the sacred scriptures, thall appear glass. Sometimes veins of a red or golden rsakably in opposition to Christianity at the colour are intermixed, which is called male latter end of the world.
antimory; that without them being denomiANTICHRISTIANITY opposite- nated female antimony. It fuses in the fire,
ANTICHRISTIANNESS Snels to though with some difficulty; and diffolves the doctrine of Christ, or the principles, &c. more casily in water. When dug out of the of Chriftians.
earth, it is put into large crucibles, fused by ANTICH'THONES, those people which a violent fire, and then poured into copes, i-habit countries opposite to each other; now which make the crude antimony of the shops. the same as Antipodes.
Of these cones the top is the purest part, and TO ANTICIPATE (anticipo, L.) 1. To the base the fouleft. It destroys and disipates take something sooner than another, so as all metals fused with it, except gold; and is to prevent bim that comes after. 2. To therefore useful in refining. It is a common take op before the time, at which any thing Ingredient in speculums, or burning concaves, right be regularly had. 3. To fore-taste, or serving to give them a finer polith. It makes take an impression of something which is not a part in bell-metal, and renders the found yet, as if it really was. 4. To prevent any more clear. It is mingled with tin, to make thing by crouding in before it ; to preclude, it more hard, white, and found ; and with
ANTICIPATION (from anticipare) 1. lead, in the casting of printers letters, to renThe act of taking up something before its der them more smooth and firm. It is a getime. 2. Fore-taste. - 3. Opinion implanted ral help in the melting of metals, and especiale before the reasons of that opinion can be in cafting cannon balls
. In pharmacy it is known.
used under various forms, and with various ANTICOR (from anci, against, and cor, intentions, chiefly as an emetick. the beart.) A pieternatural swelling of a ANTIMONY rouad figure, occafioned by a sanguine and (Cbym. Writers) is babous humor, and appearing in a horse's exprefsed by one breat opposite to his heart; which may kill of these characbim, unless brought to a suppuration, by good ters. remedies.
Cals of ANTIMONY ? isa white powANTIDIA'PHORISTS (of axli and Cerufe of ANTIMONY S der produced of 2019x, Gr. to differ) those who are oppofite the regulus, distilled with spirits of nitre in a to the diaphorifts.
fard furnace. ANTIDYSENTER'ICA (of avli and Cinnabar of ANTIMONY, is prepared of osalegzis, Gr.) medicines that are efficacious a mixture of sulphur, mercury and antimoagainft the dysentery or bloody flux.
a luted bolt head, and a nakANTILEGOʻMENA (aslasgómsve, Gr.) ed fire. contraditions.
Crocus of ANTIMONY ? See Crocus MiANTILOE'MICA (of all and acéuès, Liver of ANTIMONY S rallorum. Gr. the peftilence) medicines against the Burger of ANTIMONY, a white gumplague.
mous liquor, prepared either of crude, or reANTILOPE, a mungrel creature, en gulus of antimony, and corrosive, sublimate, gendered by a hart and a goat.
pulverized, mixt and dirti.led by a gentle ANTIME TAS'TASIS (of asli and heat. paslécesis, Gr.), a mutation) a translating Gulden fulpbur of ANTIMONY Z is preos changing to the contrary part.
Precipirate of ANTIMONY pared ANTİMONARCHICALNESS (of asli from the scoria arising in preparing the reand resvaszizas, Gs.) the being against govern- gulus, by boiling, filtration, and adding difment in a single person.
tilled vinegar. ANTIMONIALS, preparations of anti Magiftery of ANTIMONY, is a yellowill Bony, or such medicines wherein antimony powdes prepared from crude antimony, diis the basis of principal ingredient.
gehed in aqua regia, which becomes an insipid ANTIMONY is a mineral substance, of cartes, by many regcaied ablutions in waict i metalline nature, having all the seeming
Crude ANTIMONY, is the native mine- half of the same meridian, and walk with ral antimony, melted down and cast in cones : their feet directly opposite one to another. called also Antimony in substance.
ANTIPYRETICUM (of arti and Fuzetas, Prepared ANTÍMÓNY, is that which a fiery heat) a medicine that allays the heat has part under some chymical process, by which of fevers. the nature and powers of ic have been altered AN'TIQUATEDNESS (of antiquatus, and abated.
L.) the being grown out of use or date. Regulus of ANTIMONY, a ponderous, ANTIQUE (antiquus, L.) ancient. Antique metallick powder, which, upon fusing some is chiefly uled by architects, carvers, painters, of that mineral in its crude State, links to &c. the bottom, leaving the scoria cr impurities ANTISPASIS ( from a'li, against, and on the top
#aw, to draw, Gr.) the revulsion of any Glass of ANTIMONY, is the crude anti- humour into another part. mony, and calcined by a very vehement fire ANTISTER'NON (of dili, opposite to, and in an earthen crucible, till it leaves off fum- sigrov, the breast) the back-bone. ing, and then vitrified in a wind furnace. ANTITHE'NAR (of arlo and Sivag, Gr.)
Flowers of ANTIMONY, are the volatile one of the muscles which extend the thumb: parts that stick to the subliming pot, after it is also a muscle of the great toe, arising from having been pulverized and sublimed in aludels. The inferior part of the third Os cuneiforme,
ANTINOUS (Astronomy) a part of the ana pasiing obliquely is inserted into Olja Sejconstellation, named aquila or the eagle. jamoidea.
ANTIPATHETICALNESS, the hav ANTITY PICmL 'of antitypum, L. aslie ing an antipathy, or antipathetical quality. TUAN, Gr.) pertaining to an antitype.
ANTIP'ATHY (antiparbia, L. of auto ANTIVENE'REALNESS (of riski, Gr. ma fria, of asli against, and so, the paflion) and venereus, L.) the being useful againít vesome say the reason of antipathy between nereal distempers. animals, is, that by the light of such objects Bees ANTLER, the start or branch next certain impressions are transmitted thro' the above the brow andler. fibres of the nerves into the brains, which Brow ANTLER, the start or branch next convey the animal Spirits into the nerves; the head which, upon the blood being rarified after AN'TOCOW (with Horse-doctors, a round another manner than is usual, sends into the swelling about halt as big as a man's fiút, breakbrains those spirits, which are adapted to the ing out in the breast of a horse directly afomenting or cherishing of terror. And a- gainst his heart. gain, as fluvia and spirituous steams proceed ANT, an emmet, a pismire, a small infrom the bodies of all creatures, some of sect well known. which disagree with others, chcy do excite an ANTS (Hieroglyphically) were used by the ger and hatred in each other.
ancients to repreient laborious persons, diliANTIPEN'DIUM (with the Romanists) a gent and industrious in their callings. For Glver skreen, which covers the front of an anes are very laborious, industrious creatures, alter, which is hanged on with screws upon and also ready to give asistance to their fel a festival day.
lows. ANTIPERISTASIS (from alla and wi AN'VIL (anfilt, Sax.) a massy iron ingisages, Gr. to stand round) the opposition ftrument on which smiths, & c. hammer of a contrary quality, by which the quality their work. it opposes becomes heightened or interded; A Rising ANVIL, an anvil having two or the action by which a body attacked by nooks or corners for rounding any piece of another collects itself, and becomes stronger metal by such opposition: or an intention of the ANXIETY (anxietas, L.) 1. Trouble activity of one quality caused by the opposi- of mind about lome future event; suspense tion of ancther. Thus quick lime is sei oa with uneafineis ; perplexity ; folicitude. fire by the affufion of cold water; so water In the medical language, depression; lowness becomes warmer in winter than in summer; of spirits. and thunder and lightening are excited in the ANXIOUS (anxius, L.) disturbed about middle region of the air, which is continu. I some uncertain cverit; solicitous. 2. Care, ally cold, and all by antiperalta,s. This is ful; full of inquietude ; unquict. 3. Careful, an expcded principle in the peripatetick as of a thing of great importance. 4. It has philosophy
generally for or about before the object, but ANTIPHRASIS (froin ei, agains, and lometimes of. opacis, Gr. a form of speech) the uie of ANXIOUSLY (from anxious) in an anxiwords in a sense oppofite to their proper ous manner; solicitousy; unquietly ; caremeaning
rully: ANTIPODES (in Gizgraphy) such inha ANXIOUSNESS (from anxious) The bitants of the earth, who dwell in opposite quality of being anxious; susceptibility of parallels of latitude, and under the opposite anxiety.
ANY (anig, enig, Sax.). 1. Every; or any such like figure, ending in a farp Whoever he be ; whatever it be. It is, in point. all its senses, applied indifferently to persons APH'ELON of things. 2. Whosoever; whatsoever ; as APHE’LIUM, Eftioguitred from some other. 3. It is used 'A pýhoev, of ató ia oppofition to none.
and shou, the APÆ'RESIS (with Rbetoricians) a figure fun, Gr.) a then some matter is called in question, which name given by we willed the judge to remember.
astronomers to APACE (from a and face, that is, with that point of a great pace.) 1. Quickly, speedily ; used the orbit of the of things in motion. 2. With haste; ap- earth or a pla. plied to some action. 3. Hastily; with speed; net in which it is at the sattheit distance from ipoken of any kind of progression from one the sun that can be ; thus a planet A in the kate to another.
figure, is in its utmost distance or ApbeAPART (aparı, F.) 1. Separately from lion, S. the rest in place. 2. In a state of distinction, APHILANTHROPY ( without, and a ta fet apart for any use. 3. Diftinctly. Pier@gonia, Gr. love of mankind) want of 4. At a diftance ; retired from the other love to mankind. company.
APHONY (4 without, and porn, speech, APARTMENT (apartement, F.) a part Gr.) lofs of speech. of the houle allotted to the use of any par. APHORISM (adopismacs, Gr.) a maxim ; ticular person; a room; a set of rooms. a precept contracted in a Mort sentence ; an
APATHY'(a not, and parbos, feeling) the unconnected pfition. quality of not feeling ; exemption from par APHORISTICAL (from aphorism) in son; freedom from mental perturbation. form of an aphorism ; in separate and uncon
APAGOʻREUSIS (drazóçevris, Gr.) a nected sentences. figure in rhetorick called an interdiction of APHORISTICALLY (from apboristical) forbidding, L.
in the form of an aphorism. APATHETICALNESS (of aparbia, L. APHRODISIACAL (ffom apbrodite, disa fis, Gr.) a freedom from passion, and Venus) relating to the venereal disease. míensibility of pain.
APHRONIT'RON (of peos, froth, and APAU'ME (in Heraldry) fignifies an hand wilgov, Gr. nitre) a kind of nitre supposed by opened or extended, with the full palm ap- the ancients to be spume or the subtileft and pearing, and the thumb and fingers at full lightest part of it, emerging at the top. length, F.
APHYXI'A (of a qução, Gr. to draw out) A'PE (apa, Sax.) a monkey.
a cessation of a pulle thro' the whole body, APE, an animal that of all creatures comes being the highest degree of swooning next to the neareft to, or is most like the figure of a death.
APICIAN Art (so called of Apicius, a faAPECHE'MA (of a'ri and nxá, i. e, an mous voluptuary) voluptuousness, or volupecho, Gr.) a contra-fiflure, when a blow is tuous cookery. given on one fide, and the fracture made on APIARY (from apis, L. a bee) the place the other.
where bees are kept. APERIENTS (in Medicine) aperient me. APICES, of a Aower (L. from apex, the écines, aperitives, such as open the obstructed top) little knobs that grow on the tops of the paisages of the small vessels, glands and pores, ftamina, in the middle of a flower. They and by that means promote a due circulation are commonly of a dark purplish colour. By of the contained juices.
the microscope they have been discovered to APEʻRIENT Seed (in Medicines) are grass, be a sort of capsule seminales, or feed-vessels, madder, eringo, capers and cammock, called containing in them small globular, and of the letter ; (mallage, fennel, asparagus, par ten oval particles, of various colours, and fiey and butcher's broom, called the five exquifitely formed. greater.
APIECE (from a, for each, and piece, or APERT' (apertus, L.) open.
share) to the part or share of each. APERTURE } (apertura, L.) the opening APISH (from Ape) 1. Having the qua
APER'TION $ of any thing or a hole left lities of an Ape ; imitative. 2. Foppish, in fome subject, otherwise solid or contiguous. affected. 3. Silly, trifling, insignificant. 4.
APERTURE (with Geometricians) the Wanton, playful. space left between two lines, which mutu
tu- APISHLÝ (from at ip) In an apith manally incline towards each other to form an ner; foppishly, conceitedly. angle.
APISHNESS (from apij) Mimickry, APET'ALOUSNESS (of a priv. and foppery, infignificance, playfulness. Tilann, Gr. a leaf) being without leaves. A-PIT-PAT (a word formed from the A'PEX (in Geometry) the top of a cone, motion) with quick palpitation.