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to as.

with all their furniture, 'fit for marching. poles.

ARTILLERY, is also used for what is ASCENDING Node (Astronomy) is that called Pyro'echnia, or the art of fire-works, point of a planet's orbit wherein it passed the with all appurtenances of it.

ecliptick to proceed to the northward. ARTI-NATURAL, of or pertaining to ASCENDING Signs (Afrology) are those Dature imitated by art.

figns which are upon the ascent or risc, from To AR'TUATE (arruatum, L.) to divide the nadir to the zenith. by joints, to quarier, to dismember.

ASCENDING (by Anatomifts) a term apARUNDIN A'CEOUS (arundinaceus, L.) plied to such vessels as carry the blood upof or belonging to reeds.

wards, or from the lower to the higher parts ARUNDINOSE (arundinosus, L.) full of the body, of, or abounding with reeds.

ASCENSION, rising, going, or getting ARUSPICE (aruspicium, L.) a foothsay- up, L. ing or divination, by inspection into the en "ASCENSION day; a festival observed in trails of beasts,

commemoration of the day on which our AS (als, Teuton.) 1. In the same manner Saviour ascended into heaven, 40 days after with something eile. 2. In the manner that. his resurrection from the dead, in the fight of 3. That, in a consequential sense. 4. 120 of his apottles and disciples. In the state of another. 5. Under a par

ASCENT of fuids (with Pbilosophers) is ticular consideration ; with a particular their rising above their own level between the respect. 6 Like; of the same kind with. surface of nearly contiguous bodies, or in 7. In the same degree with. 8. As if; in Render capillary glass tubes, &c. the same manner. 9. According to what. T. ASCERTAIN (acertener, F.) 1. To 10. As it were ; in some fort. 11. While; make certain, to fix, to establish.

2. To at the same time that 12. Because. 13. As make confident, to take away doubt; often bcing. 14. Equally. 15. How ; in what with of.

16. With; answering to like, or ASCERTAINER (from ascertain) the fame. 17. In a reciprocal sense, answering person that proves or establishes.

13. Going before as, in a compara ASCERTAINMENT (from ascertain) tive sense; the first as being understcod. 19. a settled rule, an established standard. Answering to fuch. 20. Having so to answer ASCETICK (acxeloxo, Gr.) employed it, in a conditional sense. 21. So is fome-wholly in exercises of devotion and mortifitimes understood. 22. Answering to fo con cation. ditionally. 23. Before bow it is sometimes ASCETICK, he that retires to devotion redundant; but this is low language. 24. and mortification ; a hermit. It seems to be redundant before yet ; to this ASCII. It has no fingular from a ənd orie, time. 25. In a sense of comparison followed Gr. a shadow) those people who, at certain by jo. 26. As for ; with retpect to. 27. times of the year, have no fhadow at noon ; As if, in the same manner that it would be, such are the inhabitants of the torrid zone, if. 28. As to ; with respect to.

because they have the fun twice a year vertiwell as ; equally with. 30. As though ; cal to them.

ASCITES (from ax, Gr. a bladder.! TO ASCEND (afcendere, L.) to get or A particular species of dropsy, a swelling of climb; also to rise or fly upwards.

the lower belly and depending parts, from an The ASCEND'ANT (afcendens, L.) as to extravasation and collection of water broke gain the afcendant of a person, is to obtain a out of its proper vefsels. This case, when power over him, &c. to have an over-ruling certain and inveterate, is universally aliowed or powerful influence over a person.

10 admit of no cure, but by means of the ASCENDANT Line (with Genealogists) | manual operation of tapping. Quincy.

ASCENDENT 3 lignifies such rela There are two kinds of dropsy, the aralartions as have gone before us, or those that ca, called also leucopblegmacy, when the exwere or are nearer the root of the family. trávalated matter swims in the cells of the

ASCENDANT (in Arzbitecture) an or, min:brana adipoja; and the ascites, when the nament in masonry and joyners work, which water poffefses the cavity of the abdomen. borders the three sides of doors, windows, Sbarp's Surgery. and chimneys. It differs according to the ASCITICAL ? (from afcires) belonging several orders of architectu e, and consists of ASCITIK to an ascites; dropsical, three parts, the top, which is called the tra- hydropical. verse, and the two sides, which are called the ASCITITIOUS (ascititius, L.) supple. ascendants. The same as Chambrale mental, additional, net ir herent, not original.

ASCEND'ING (with Afironomers) signifies ASCRIBABLE (from afcribe) that which thore stars or degrees of the heavens, Go. may be ascribed. which are rifing above the horizon in any paral TO ASCRIBE (afcriba, L.) 1. To attrilel of the equator.

bute to a cause. 2. To attribute to as a ASCENDING Latitude ( Astronomy) the poliflor, or substance receiving accidents. latitude of a planet when going towards the


29. As

as if.


ASCRIPTION (afcriptio, L.) the act of tual relations between the planets arising from

their fituation in the zodiack. ASCRIPTITIOUS (ascriptitius, L.) that Partile ASPECTS (Aftrology) are when is ascribed.

planets are diftant just such a number of deASH (Acre, aske, Dar.) a tree well grees, as 30, 36, 45, Sc. Ewa.

Platic ASPECTS (Astrology) are when the ASH (in proper names) at the beginning ge- planets do not regard each other from these seraly denotes that the name was from the very degrees ; but the one exceeds as much a tree, as Aaby, Ashton, &c. See As. as the other wants.

TO ASHAME (o: scamian, Sex.) to put AS'PEN Tree. See Asp. tkanie, to cause to be ashamed.

To AS'PERATE (afperatum, L.) to make ASHES (of axan, Sax.) the terrene or rough, ear hy part of wood or other combustible ASPERIFO'LIOUS (afperifolius, L.) havboces remaining after they are bursit.

ing rough leaves. ASH'LERING (with Builders) is a name ASPER'ITY (with Philofopbers) the giren to quartering, to tack to in garrets, in roughness of the surface of any natural body; beight two and a half or three fect perpendi- so that some parts of it stick out so far above car to the foor, up to the inside of the the rest, as to hinder the finger or hand from raftcrs.

passing over it easily and freely. TO ASK lascian, Sax.) 1. To petition, ASPHAL'ITEŚ (of a and opadne, Gr. I beg; sometimes with an accusative only; supplant) the fifth Vertebra of the loins. metimes with fur. 2. To demand, to ASS (afinus, L. asal, Sax.) a beast of can; as to as a price for goods. 3. To burden well known. equire; to question; with for before the ASSAY, of filver and gold, is the melting prg, and sometimes of before the person. part of a mass or ingot in a very strong fire, 4 To enquire; with after before the thing. which being weighed before it was put into s. To require, as physically necessary. the coppel or melting pot, very exactly and

ASKER (from aj) 1. Petitioner. 2. En- also when it comes out, the fineness of the quirer.

whole is judged by this as ay; for what is loft ASKEW (from a and skew) afide, with by this part fo tried is proportioned to the conteapt, contemptuously, disdainfully. whole, which is accordingly pronounced

TO ASLA'KE (from a and fake or flack) more or less fine as it loses more or less in to remit, to mitigate, to Nacken.

ASLANT (from a and flant) obliquely, ASSAPAN'ICK, a little creature in A. ca ose lide, not perpendicularly.

merica, a sort of Aying squirrel. ASLEEP (from a and feep) 1. Sleeping, ASSART (of afjartum, L.) a tree pulled at reit. 2. To sleep.

up by the roots. ASLOPE (from a and Jope) with de TO ASSART (of asjurtir, F. to make city, cbliquely, not perpendicularly. plain, which Spelman derives of exertum, F.)

ASOMATOUS (from a priv. and court, to pluck up by the roots, to grub up trees, G. a body) without a body.

bushes, &c. ASP, the aspen tree, a kind of white ASSART Renes, rents paid to the crown popia, the leaves of which are small, and for lands alsarted. always tremble.

ASSA'TION (in Pharmacy) the preparing ASP

L'aspis, L.) a kind of serpent, or dressing of medicaments in their own ASPICKS whole poison is fo dangerous juices, without the addition of any foreign and quick in its operation, that it kills with moisture. eat a pollibility of applying any remedy. It An ASSASSIN, an assassinator.

(vid to be very small, and peculiar to ASSASSINATOR (aDafinat, F.) an asEzpz ani Lydia. Those that are bitten by faffin. is die in three hours; and the manner of their ASSASSIN'ANS, a petty government ng being by feep and lethargy, without

or body of Mahometan thieves, or military any paia, Cleopatra chose it, as the easiest knights, who called their king the Ancient of way of dispatching herself. Calmet,

ibe Mountains, who taught their youth to alASPECT (0.pcctus, L.) looks, the air of faffinate whom they commanded; they had oze': countenance.

fix cities in their possession, and were about ASPECT (with Airol gers! is when two 40000 in number, and inhabited Antaradus planets are joined with or behold each other; in Syria. At the command of their chief 02 when they are p'aced at such a distance master, they would refuse no pain or peril, in the zodiack, that they (as it is said) mu but itab any prince he commanded them. Cually belp or afiiit one another, or have their They were fubdued, and their king put to virtues o intuences increased or diminished. death by the Cham of Tartary, Ann. 1257.

ASPECT (with Aftronomers) fignifies the Hence those that are ready to exccute bloody buatin of the fars or planets in respect to designs are called Apollins, each other; or certain configurations or mu


the asay.

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To go ASSAULT, to grow proud, as ASSIMILA'TION, an act whereby things bitches do.

are rendered fimilar or like to one another. ASSEMBLAGE, an uniting or joining L. of things together, or the things so united ASSIZE 7 a writ directed to the sheriff or joined. F.

ASSISE } for the recovery of poffeffion ASSEMBLEE (in Heralds) a duftail or of things im moveable, of which a man's self more to hold the two parts of the escutcheon or anceftors have been diffeised. rogether, where the partion line is, being ASSIZE (of Bread, Ale, &c.) a statute cruiter.changed, fome of the metal and or ordinance relating to the price, weight, fome of the colour of the escutcheon. F. meafure, or order of several commodities ;

ASSEMBLY (alsemblée, F.) a concourse also the measure or quantity itself; thus it a meeting together of people.

is said, when wheat, &c. is of such a price, Unlawful ASSEMBLY (in a Law Serle) the bread shall be of fuch affize. is the meeting together of three or more per ASSIZE in Law) a fourfold writ for the fons for the committing of an unlawful act recovering of lands, cenements, &c. of which witho' they do not effect it.

one has been dispofseffed ; also the jury sumASSEMBLY (with Military Men) is a moned upon such writs. perticular beat of the drum or sound of the TO ASSIZE (of afise, F.) to adjust weights trumpet, and is an order for the soldiers to and measures. sepair to their colours.

ASSIZES, were originally used for extraASSEMBLY (with the Beau monde) a ordiary fitting of superior judges in inferior fated and general meeting of persons of both courts depending on their jurisdiction, to en. ieres, for conversation, gaming, gallantry, E c. quire whether subaltern judges and officers

Attual ASSEN'T is a judgment whereby did their duty. the mind perceives a thicg to be true.

Special ASSIZE, a particular commiflion Habitual ASSENT', consists of certain granted to several persons, to take cognizance Labits induced in the mind by repeated arts. of some one or two cases, as a diffejzin, or

ASSENTA’TORY (aljentatorius, L.) be the like. longing to a fetterer or flattery.

Clerk of ebe ASSIZE, an officer of the ASSERʻTION (with Scholafticks) a pro court who sets down all things judiciarily doce pofition which is advanced, which the ad- by the justices of the aflize in their circuits. vancer avows to be true, and is ready to ASSOCIABLE (alaciabilis, L.) that maintain in publick.

which may be joined to another; sociable. ASSES'SION, a fitting down, at, or by, TO ASSOCIATE (alfocier, F, affociare, or together; an affifting.

L.) 1. To unite with one another as a confede. ASSES'SOR (alfeur, F.) one who fits by rate. 2. To adopt as a friend upon equal and affilis another in office and authority; a terms. 3. To accompany, to keep company judge lateral or affiftant; also one who makes with one another. 4. It has generally the ibe affessment or rate for the payment of particle witb; as, he alsociated with his publick taxes; also an officer in the presbyte- master's enemies. rian assemblies. L.

ASSOCIATE (from the verb) confedeASSES'SORY (allefforius, L.) belonging rate, joined in intereft or purpose. to affiftance ; fitting at, or by.

ASSOCIATE (from the verb) 1. A perReal AS'SETS (in Law) are where a man son joined with another; a partner. 2. A dics poffefied of lands in fee fimple.

confederate. 3. A companion ; implying Personal ASSETS (in Law) are where a fome kind of equality. man dies poffefsed of any personal estate. ASSOCIATION (from affociate! 1. Uni

ASSETS per Dejcent (in Law) are when on, conjunction, society. 2. Confederacy, a man enters into bonds, and djes seized of Union for particular purposes. 3. Partnerlands in fee fimple, which descend to his ship. 4. Connexion ; ajociation of ideas is heirs, and are therefore chargeable as assets of great importance, and may be of excellent in his bands.


5. Appcfition, union of matter. ASSETS entre mains (in Law) is when a AS'SONANCE, an ecchoing. man dies indebted, leaving to his executors ASSONANCE (in Rbetorick and Poetry) fufficient where with to discharge his debts is used where the words of a phrase or verse and legacies. F.

have the same found and termination, and ASSEV'ER (afseveratum, L.) to avouch, yet make no proper rhyme. to affirm boldiy, to avow, to allure.

ASSONANT (aljonars, L.) agreeing in TO ASSIGN Wafte (Law phrase) is to sound. thew especially wherein the waste is com ACSU'RANCE, the same as Insurance. joitted.

Policy of ASSURANCE, is a contract ASSIGN'ABLE (of affigner, F.) that whereby one or more persons oblige them. may be afligned.

selves to make good any damages that goods, ASSIM'ILATENESS (of affimilis, L.) a house, fhip, 56, may sustain by fire, the bikenels,

sea, os pirates,


ASSU'RER, a person who affures.

Natural ASTRO'LOGY, is the art of preASTERIAS låsepias, Gr.) a precious di&ting natural effects from the stars or hea. Lore that shines like a ftar,

venly bodies ; as wearber, winds, florins, ASTERISM (ésteropods of asp a star foods, earthquakes, shunder, &c. GT.) a constellation of ciutter of Axed stars, ASTRONOMY (asporeuía, Gr.) a sciwhich on globes is commonly represented by ence which treats concerning the heavenly fone particular figure of a living creature, bodies or stars; thewing the magnitudes, order, &c in order to the more easily distinguishing and distances of them; measuring and thewa of their places; as Aries, the ram, Taurus ing their motions, the time and quantities of the ball, and the rest of the signs of the eclipfes, &c. In a more extended sense it is dack; as also Ursa Major and Urfa Minor, understood to signify or comprehend the docthe two bears.

trine of the system of the world, or theory ASTE'RITES ('Asheilns Gr.) a precious of the universe and primary laws of nature; fane, a kind of oval, which sparkles with but this seems rather a branch of Phyficks beams like a ftar.

than of the Marbematicks. ASTHMAT'ICAL (affuátiros, Gr.) It is very ancient, having been studied by pataining to or troubled with an asthma; pursy. the Chaldeans near 2000 years before Alexander

ASTONISHINGNESS (ettonement, F.) took Babylon; the clearness of their Hemis. k prizing nature or quality.

phere giving them a very fair opportunity of ASTRAGAL (with Arcbiteas) a member making observations, which were improved or round moulding like a ring or bracelet; by continual practice. Erring as an ornament on the tops and at the From Chaldea, it was communicated to bectoms of columns, or a ring that incircles the Egyptians, among whom Prolomy Pbilathe bases, cornices or architraves of pillars, delpbus erected an academy for the study and

cording to the several orders; the French improvement of it ; in which Hipparchus call it Talon, and the Italians Tondino. made a great proficiency by observations and

ASTRAGAL (ésgáyun@, Gr.) the Alu discoveries, calculating and foretelling eclipses pagal is also used to separate the falciæ of for several ages after. the architrave, in which case it is wrought in From Egype it came into Greece, and the chaplets or beads and berries. It is also used Saracens brought a little of it out of Egype both above and below the lifts, adjoining upon their conquest there, in the 8th century, immediately to the square or dye of the and from thence it came into Europe. pedestal.

And Alphonfus king of Caftile, in the 13th ASTRAL Tear. See Solar Year. century, is said to have spent 400000 crowns in

ASTRAPIAS (aszámlas, Gr.), a preci composing more correct tables than had been ous ftone, whose luttre resembles flashes of before known ; at this time well known by Eghtening.

the name of the Alphonfine tables. ASTRA'RIUS beres (of aftra the hearth About the beginning of the 16th century, of a chimney) is where the ancestor by con the old exploded doctrine of the sun's being veyance hath set his heir apparent and his fa- the centre of the system and the earth a plasily in a house in his life time. Old Records. net moving round him, was revived by Co

ASTRIDE ? (of stræde, Sax.) pernicus,

ASTRAD'DLE S atraddle, straddling one He was follow'd by Kepler, and other great kes on one side of an horse, &c. and the astronomers, who also made very considerable other on the other.

discoveries ; and especially Galilæo, by the ASTRIGEROUS (aftriger, L.) bearing or help of prospective glasses, which have since arrying stars.

been improved into Telescopes of various forts, ASTRIN'GINGNESS (of affringens, L.) upon which many of the new dícoveries bindingness.

depend. ASTRO'BOLAS, a precious Atone re Sir Isaac Newton has also done wonders, kembling the eye of a fish, taken by some to and there is still room left for further discote che Afterias.

very, in order to compleat what has been ASTRO'GRAPHY (of 'spor a star and begun. peo, Gs. description) a treatise or philofo ASTRONOMY, the ancients used to phical description of the stars.

paint astronomy like a goddess with a silver ASTROITES (årçoîtes, . Gr.) a precious crescent on her forehead, clothed in an azure fone, a kind of recolite ; also the star-Stone, mantle, and a watchet-scarf, spangled with so named b:cause it is set off with little golden stars. blackish stars on all fides.

ASTRONOʻMICALLY (astronomique, F., ASTROL'OGY, an art which takes its of astronomicus, L. of a sorousa, of esięcy and rise from Aftronomy, whence astrologers pre-róue S. the law or rule, Gr.) by Astronomy. tend by observations made on the aspects of ASTRO'SE (afirojus, L.) born under an planets, and by knowing their influences, to unlucky planet. relate what is past, and foretel what is to ASTRO-THEOLOGY, a demoncome.

stration of the being and attributes of God,



from the confideration of the heavenly bodies. | ATCHIEVEMENT (Heraldry) which is

ASUNDER (asundran, Sax.) apart; le corruptly called batchment, is the coat of parately; not together.

arms of a nobleman, gentleman, &c. duly ASYLUM (L. from a not, and Gunew, marshalled with supporters, helmet, wreath Gr. to pillage) a place out of which he that and creft, with mantles and hoods.

Such as has fled to it, may not be taken ; a sanctuary; are hung out on the fronts of houses, after a refuge.

the death of noble persons. ASYMMETRY (from a without, and ATECH'NY (atechnia, L. átexue, Gr.) guru peelgoa, Gr. Symmetry) 1. Contrariety to unskilfulness, inartificialness. Symmetry; disproportion. 2. This term is ATEGAR (of aetin, Sax. to fing or sometimes used in mathematicks, for what throw) a weapon, a fost of hand-dart. more usually called incommensurability; AT GAZE (of gesean, Sax. to look upon) when between two quantities there is no a gazing, staring at, or looking earnestly. common measure.

ATHANASI'A (abavaria of a privat. ASYMP'TOTES (ásúpel.les, of a priv. and Jáva1@, Gr. death immortality. rúv and $760, Gr. to fall or coincide, g. d. ATHEISM (from arbeit; it is only of that do not fall together) they are lines which two syllables in poetry) the disbelief of a God. continually draw ncar to each other; but if ATHEIST (from abon, Gr. without they were continued infinitely, would never God) one that denies the existence of God. meet. There are several sorts of these, as

Atheist, use thine eyes, the curves of the concboid or ciffoid are the And having view'd the order of the skies, asymptotes in conick sections.

Think, if thou canft, that matter blindly ASYMPTOʻTICAL (in Matbematicks)

hurl'd, pertaining to an asymptote.

Without a Guide, should frame this wond'rous ASYS'TATON (ésuolalov, Gr.) repugnant

Creech. or contradictory, Co.

No Arbeifl, as such, can be a true friend, ASYSTATON (with Logicians) a trifling an affectionate relation, or a loyal fubje&t. inconhstent story, that does not hang together,

Bentley's Sermons. but contradicts itself.

ATHEIST, atheistical; denying God. AT (æt, Sax.) 1. Al before a place,

ATHEISTICAL (from atbeif) given to notes the nearness of a place; as, a man is Albeifm; impious. at the house, before he is in it. 2. At before Men are arbeiftical, because they are first a word, fignifying time, notes the existence of vicious; and question the truth of Christianithe time with the event, the word time is somety, because they hate the practice. Soutb. times included in the adjective. 3. Ai be

ATHEISTICALLY (from arbeifrica!) in fore a causual word, fignifies nearly the same an albeiffical manner. as witb. 4. At before a superlative adjective

ATHEISTICALNESS (from atheistical implies in the state, as armes, in the fate of the quality of being at heifical. most perfection, &c. 5. At before a person,

Lord, purge out of all hearts profaneness is seldom used otherwise than ludicrously; as,

and at beisticalness. Hammond's Fundamentals. he longed to be at him ; that is, to attack

ATHEISTICK (from arbeift) given to him. 6. At before a súbitantive sometimes arbeifm. signifies the particular condition or circum ATHEOUS (from abs@, Gr.) atheistick, Atances of the person as, at peace, in a fate godless. of peace. 7. At before a substantive, fome ATHE'ROMA (abipapec, of ilden, pulse times marks employment or attention. 8. or pap, Gr.) a swelling contained in its own At sometimes the same as furnished witb; coat, proceeding from a thick and rough huafter the Frencb, a. 9. At sometimes notes mour, like sodden barley, which neither the place, where any thing is, or acts. causes pain, nor changes the colour of the Sometimes hignifies in consequence of. skin, nor yields easily to the touch, nor leaves At marks lometimes the effect proceeding any dent when it is prefed. from an act. 12. At sometimes is nearly the ATHLETICK Crown, one appointed for same as in, noting fituation. 13. At some the crowning victors at the publick games. times marks the occasion, like on.

ATLANTE'AN, of or pertaining to Alsometimes seems to fignify in the power of, las. or obedient to. 15. At sometimes notes the ATLANTICK Sipers (Ajlron.) the stars relation of a man to an action. 16. At some and constellation, called the Picides, or letimes imports the manner of an action. 17. ven liars. Milion. At, like the French chez, means sometimes ATLANTIS, an island spoken of by application to, or dependance on. 18. Ai Plaro and other writers, with extraordinary all, in any manner, in any degree.

circumstances, which the controversy among · Nothing more true than what you once let the moderns concerningit have rendered famous. fall,

ATLAS (of athrini, Gr. to cariy) the Most women have no characters at all, first vertebra of the neck, which supports Pope. the head,



14. At

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