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"of the house, "saith unto thee,
"The Master Where is the "guest-chamber, where I shall •' eat the passover with my dis"ciples?" 12. "And he shall "shew you a large upper room "furnished: there make ready." 13. And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. 14. And when Ihe (p) hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. 15. And he said unto them, "With desire I have de"sired to eat this passover with "you before I suffer: 16. for I
"say unto you, I will not any "more eat thereof, until (y) it be "fulfilled iti the kingdom of God."
17. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, "Take this, "and divide it among yourselves:
18. " for I say unto you, I will not "drink of the fruit of the vine, "until the kingdom of God shall "come." 19. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, "This (r) is my body which is
this do in rerae." 20. Likecup after supper.
given for you
membrance of also the saying, "This cup is the new (s) "testament in my blood, which "is shed for you. 21. But, be"hold, the hand of him that (7) "betrayeth me is with me on the "table. 22. And truly the Son of "man goeth as it was (u) deter"mined: but (x) woe unto that "man by whom he is betrayed!"
23. And they began to inquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.
24. And (y) there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accountedthe greatest 25. And he said unto them, "The kings "of the Gentiles exercise lord"ship over them; and they that "exercise authority upon them are « called Benefactors. 26. But (z) "ye shall not be so: but he that "is greatest among you, let him "be as the younger; and he that "is chief; as he that doth serve. "27. For whether is greater, he "that sitteth at meat, or he that
(p) v. 14. "Thehour," viz. "theeven "of the fourteenth day of the first month." See Exod. xii. 6.10. Lev. xxiii. 5. Numb. ix. S.
(q) v. 16. " Until it be fulfilled, &c." May not this mean, until that great sacrifice, of which this is a figure, the true Paschal Lamb, shall be offered up?
(r) v. 19. " This, &c." See note on Mark xiv.22. ante, 110.
(«) v. 20. "Testament," or "cove"nant," or " dispensation." See ante, 116. note on Heb. ix. 16.
(t) r.21. " Betrayeth me." See note on Mark xiv. 18. ante, 109.
(u) v. 22. "Determined," i. e. "in "God's counsels." His sufferings and death were fully foretold in Isaiah liii. The seventh verse there is, "he was op"pressed, and he was afflicted, yet he
"opened not his mouth : he is brought as "a lamb to the slaughter."
(x) "Woe, &c." According to Matt, xxvii. 4, 5. he "repented, when he saw "what was done, and went and hanged "himself." This prophetic declaration, therefore, had so Jar a speedy accomplishment.
(y) t>.24. "And, &c." According to Matt. xx. 25.29. and Mark x. 42. 46. tins happened at an earlier period: before they reached Jericho, on their way to Jerusalem.
(z) v. 26. "Ye shall not be so," i. e. "you shall exercise no lordship over "others, shall have no temporal power: "he shall be greatest among you who has "the most complete controul over him"self, who subdues his own pride, his own "appetites and passions, and makes the "greatest sacrifices for the benefit of •' others."
"serveth? is not he that sitteth "at meat? but I am among you ** as he (a) that serveth. 28. Ye "are they which liave continued "with me in my temptations: "29. And I appoint unto you a "kingdom, as my Father hath "appointed unto me; 30. that ye "may eat and drink at my (b) table "in my (£) kingdom, and sit on "thrones, judging the twelve "tribes of Israel." 31. And the Lord (c) said, "Simon, Simon, "behold, Satan hath desired to "have you, that he may sift you "as wheat: 32. but I have prayed "for thee, that thy faith fail "not: and when thou art convert"ed(rf), strengthen thy brethren."
33. And he said unto him, "Lord, "I am ready to go with thee, "both into prison and to death."
34. And he said, "I tell thee, "Peter, the cock shall not crow "this day before that thou shalt "thrice deny that thou knowest "me." 35. And he said unto them, "When I sent you without "purse, and scrip, and shoes,
"lacked ye any thing?" And they said, "Nothing." 36. Then said he unto them, "But (e) "now, he that hath a purse, let "him take it, and likewise his "scrip: and he that hath no "sword, let him sell his garment "and buy one. 37. For I say unto "you, That this that is (g) written "must yet be accomplished in "me, "And he was reckoned "among the transgressors:" for "the things concerning me have "an end." 38. And they said, "Lord, behold, here are two "swords." And he said unto them, "It is enough." 39. And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. 40. And when he was at the place, he said unto them, "Pray "that ye enter not into tempt"ation." 41. And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, 42. saying, "Father, if "thou be willing, remove this "cup (//) from me: nevertheless,
(a) v. 27. " As he that serveth." "Not "displaying worldly pomp, but benefiting "mankind: not courting homage, but "doing good."
lb) v. 30. "My table," and " My king"dom." So that he was to have under God's appointment, a table and a kingdom, figurative expressions for the most exalted station.
(c) v. 31.33. 38. "The Lord," i K^.o«, and Kt'cit, and this Gospel was written more especially for Gentiles. See ante, 29. note on Rom. xiii. 11.
(d) v. 32. " Converted," i. e. (probably) "turned again," "recovered from your "momentary falling off, (which 1 foresee,) "your denials of being my disciple."
(e) v. 36. " But now, &c." to forewarn them that they would have to encounter much greater dangers and difficulties than when he had sent them out before: that
they would be in want of food, and in danger of bodily harm, and should therefore provide for all emergencies.
(g) v. 37. " Written." This passage is in Isaiah liii. 12. " He was numbered with "the transgressors, and he bare the sin "of many, and made intercession with "(or for) the transgressors."
(A) v. 42. " Cup," i. e. "affliction, the "sufferings I am about to undergo." In Mark x. 38. our Saviour said to James and John, " Can ye drink of the cup that "I drink of, and be baptized with the "baptism that I am baptized with?" meaning, could they bear what he could. And when he checked Peter for having smitten the high priest's servant, he said, (John xviii. 11.) "The cup which my "Father hath given me, shall I not drink « it?"
"not my will, but thine, be done." 43. And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. 44. And being in an agony, he (i) prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. 46. And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow, 46. and said unto them, "Why sleep ye? rise "and pray, lest ye enter into "temptation." 47. And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. 48. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, "Bel ray est thou the Son of "man with a kiss?" 49. When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, "Lord, shall we smite with "the sword?" 50. And (k) one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right 51. And Jesus answered and
said, "Suffer ye thus far." And he touched his ear, and healed (/) him. 52. Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, "Be ye come "out, as against a thief, with "swords and staves? 53. When "I was daily with you in (tw) the "temple, ye stretched forth no "hands against me: but this is "your hour, and the power of "darkness." 54. Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off. 55. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. 56. But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, "This man "was also with him." 57. And he denied him, saying, "Woman, I "know him not" 58. And after a little while another saw him, and said, "Thou art also of them."
(i) v. 44. " Prayed, &c." It is to this, probably, that the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews refers, when in speaking of our Saviour, Heb. v. 7. he says, "who ■■ in the days of his flesh, offered up "prayers and supplications, with strong "crying and tears, unto him that was "able to save him from death." According to Matt.xxvi.42. his prayer the second time was, "O my Father, if this cup may "not pass away from me, except I drink "it, thy will be done." The greatness of our Saviour's sufferings shews how much God abhors sin, (for otherwise he might have dispensed with the sacrifice,) and proves the greatness of our obligation to Jesus Christ. Should not our thankfulness be in proportion to his sufferings?
(k) v. 50. "One of them," i. e. " Peter." See note on Mark xiv.4". ante, 111.
tf) p. 51. "Healed him," perhaps to prevent immediate mischief to Peter. They would be unwilling to make that a
ground of complaint, which would bring this miracle into notice.
(m) v. 53. "In the temple." He might possibly wish to bring to their recollection the prophecies that the Messiah should come there. In Hag. ii. 7. 9. as an encouragement to go on with the temple they were then building, God said unto them, " The desire of all nations shall "come, and I will fill this house with "glory, saith the Lord of hosts: the "glory of this latter house shall be greater "than of the former," (i. e. Solomon's, which had been destroyed), "saith the "Lord of hosts: and in this house will I "giveoence, saith the Lord of hosts." And in Mai. iii. 1. is this prophecy: "The "Lord whom ye seek, shall suddenly "come to his temple; even the Messenger "of the Covenant, whom ye delight in." "The desire of all nations,' " Peace," and "The Lord whom ye seek," are expressions to signify "the Messiah."
And Peter said, "Man, I am "not." 59. And about the space of one hour after, another confidently affirmed, saying, "Of a "truth this fellow also was with "him; for he is a Galilean." 60. And Peter said, "Man, I "know not what thou sayest" And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. 61. And the (n) Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the (n) Lord, how he had said unto him, "Be"fore the cock crow, thou shalt "deny me thrice." 62. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
63. And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote (o) him.
64. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, "Prophesy, who is it that smote "thee?" 65. And many other things blasphemously spake they against him. 66. And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the
(n) v. 61. "The Lord," o' Kfyn, and 7a Kvple. See ante, 29. note on Rom.xiii. 14.
(o) v. 63. " Smote him, &c." And so fulfilled the prophecy, Isa. 1.6. ante, 113.
(p) v. 68. " Ask," i. e. perhaps, "ques"tion, interrogate you," by asking if particular signs do not belong to the Messiah, and if they have not been fulfilled in me.
(q) v. 70. "Ye say, &c." that is, "I "am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante, 114. and Lukexxiii. 3. post, 124.
(r) This portion of Scripture was intended to correct the conduct of the Corinthians in the celebration of the Lord's Supper, by pointing out to them the object of the institution, the inconsistency of their conduct with that object, and the visitations that conduct had brought upon them from God. The abuses among them seem to have been these; that though they met together in one place, they did not communicate together, and eat and drink
scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, 67. "Art thou the Christ? tell "us." And he said unto them, "If I tell you, ye will not be"lieve: 68. and if I also (jp) ask "you, ye will not answer me, nor "let me go. 69. Hereafter shall "the Son of man sit on the right "hand of the power of God." 70. Then said they all, "Art thou "then the Son of God?" And he said unto them, "..Ye (q) say "that I am." 71. And they said, "What need we any further wit«ness? for we ourselves have "heard of his own mouth."
Thursday before Easter.
In this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse. 18. For first of all, when ye come together in the Church, I hear that there be (s) divisions
in common as one body or company, but separated themselves into parties, and each party kept its own food to itself, and ate it at their own time, without allowing the others to partake of it, or waiting till the whole assembly was ready; that they ate and drank as at a common meal, and sometimes to excess, without treating it, as it ought to be treated, as a memorial of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, in thankful and reverent remembrance of his sufferings, and to shew forth his death till he should come again. And St. Paul intimates to them, that for these abuses many of the converts were visited with sickness, and even with death, and that the rest would continue to be so visited, unless they rectified their conduct. See 1 Till. Serm. 233. Serm. 25.
(s) v. 18. " Divisions." He had noticed, in chap. iii. verse 4. that they classed themselves under several leaders, one say
among you; and I partly believe it 19. For there (/) must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you. 20. When ye come together therefore into one place, this (u) is not to eat the Lord's supper. 21. For in eating, every one taketh before (x) other his own supper: and one is hungry^), and another is(z)drunken.
22. What! have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the Church of God, and shame them that (a) have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
23. For I have received (6) of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread: 24. and when he had given thanks, he brake it,
and said, "Take, eat; this is my "body, which is broken for you: "this do in remembrance of me." 25. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, "This cup is the new "testament (c) in my blood: this "do ye, as oil as ye drink it, in "remembrance of me." 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, (rf) unworthily, shall (e) be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28. But let a man examine (jg) himself, and (K) so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. 29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh (i) damnation to himself) not (k) discerning the
mg, "I am of Paul, and another of Apol"los," And it is perhaps to such divisions that be here alludes.
(<) v. 19. " Must be." Not necessarily, but the dispositions of men will so incline them. The same form of speech as occurs, Matt, xviii. 7. "It must needs be "that offences come."
(«) v.20. This is not, &c." i. e. "this
"cannot be so called; it is not sufficient
"that you all eat, &c. in the same place."
(i) v. 21. "Before other." " Not wait
"ing for others." See verse 33.
(y) " Is hungry," i. e. "takes a full "meal, eats as much as is necessary to "satisfy the calls of a craving appetite." (z) - Is drunken," i. e. "drinks to ex"cess."
(a) 22. " Them that have not," i. e. "the "poorer converts; those who have nothing "of their own to contribute, to bring to "the solemnity."
(i) c.23. "Of the Lord," so that it is entitled to the fullest attention. St. Paul often intimates that the communications to him were not from man, but from God. See Gal.i. l. Note also that here and in v. 26. 27.'29.32. "la Kvpia" is used. See ante, 29. note on Rom. xiii. 14.
(e) i>. 25. "Testament," rather "cove"nant," or "dispensation.'' See ante, 116. note on Heb.ix. 16.
(d) v. 27. " Unworthily," i. e. (probably) u in the irreverent manner here complained » of."
(e) "Shall be guilty of," i. e. (perhaps) "shall incur guilt from eating, rather than u derive benefit:" according to verse 17. "shall be the worse for having come toge"ther, not the better;" or it may be, "shall be as those who crucified our Sa"viour." In Heb. vi. 6. apostates are said to "crucify to themselves the Son of God "afresh."
(g) v. 28. " Examine himself," i. e. (probably) "look to his conduct, consider the "importance and solemnity of the institu"tion, and his own unworthiness."
(A) "So," i. e. (probably) after self-examination, and with proper notions of its importance.
(i) v. 29. "Damnation," i. e. " condem"nation, punishment;" " such judgments as "those mentioned in the next verse, being "made weak and sickly, or even visited "with death."
(k) "Not discerning, &c.'' i. e. "not treating it with the reverence to