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into heaven, And sitteth on the Priest. Endue thy Ministers right Hand of God the Father with righteousness; Almighty ; From thence he shall Answ. And make thy chosen come to judge the quick and the people joyful. dead.

Priest. O Lord, save thy people; I believe in the Holy(P) Ghost; Answ. And bless thine inheritThe holy (9) Catholic Church; The (r) Communion of Saints; Priest. Give peace in our time, The Forgiveness of Sins; the Re- O Lord; surrection of the Body, and the Answ. Because there is none Life everlasting. Amen.

other that fighteth for us, but only

thou, O God. And after that, these Prayers following, all devoutly kneeling; the Minister first pro- hearts within us.

Priest. O God, make clean our nouncing with a loud voice,

Ans. And take not thy Holy The Lord be with you: Answ. And with thy spirit.

Spirit from us.

Then shall follow three Collects; the first of Minister. Let us pray.

the Day, and then Lord, have mercy upon us.

IN THE MORNING, Christ, have mercy upon us.

For Peace. Lord, have mercy upon us.

O God, who art the author of Then the Minister, Clerks, and people shall knowledge of whom standeth our Then the Minister, Clerks, and people shall peace, and lover of concord, in say the Lord's Prayer with a loud voice.

eternal life, whose service is perOur Father, which art in hea- fect freedom ; Defend us thy humven, Hallowed be thy Name; ble servants, in all assaults of our Thy kingdom come ; Thy will be enemies ; that we surely trusting be done in earth, as it is in hea

in thy defence, may not fear the ven : Give us this day our daily power of any adversaries, through bread; And forgive us our tres- the might of Jesus Christ our passes, as we forgive them that Lord. Amen. trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation, But deliver

For Grace. us from evil. Amen.

O Lord our heavenly Father, Then the Priest, standing up, shall say. Almighty and everlasting God, O Lord, shew thy mercy upon who hast safely brought us to the

beginning of this Day ; Defend Answ. And grant us thy sal- us in the same with thy mighty vation.

power; and grant that this day Priest. O Lord, save the King; we fall into no sin, neither run

Answ. And mercifully hear us into any kind of danger; but when we call upon thee.

that all our doings may be ordered

us;

(p)“ Ghost," i. e. " Spirit.”.

(probably) what the Scripture calls the (9) “Holy Catholic Church," that is, not fellowship” between God and true believers; the Church of Rome, but “ the whole the participation true believers have in “ body of true Christians." See post, 39. God's favour and goodwill. See post, 47. Ephes. ii. 20. and the notes there. note on 1 John, i. 6. (r) “ The Communion of Saints," i. e.

by thy governance, to do always with the grace of thy Holy Spirit, that is righteous in thy sight, that he may alway incline to thy through Jesus Christ our Lord. will, and walk in thy way: EnAmen.

due him plenteously with heavenly IN THE EVENING,

gifts ; grant him in health and the two following:

wealth long to live; strengthen O God, from whom all holy de

him, that he may vanquish and

overcome all his enemies; and sires, all good counsels, and all just works do proceed; Give unto everlasting joy and felicity, through

finally, after this life, he may attain thy servants that peace which the

Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. world cannot give; that both our hearts may be set to obey thy

A Prayer for the Royal Family. commandments

, and also that by ALMIGHTY God, the fountain of thee we being defended from the fear of our enemies, may pass our

all goodness, we humbly beseech time in rest and quietness, through

thee to bless all the Royal Family: the merits of Jesus Christ our Sa- Endue them with thy Holy Spirit;

enrich them with thy heavenly viour. Amen.

grace; prosper them with all hapFor Aid against all Perils.

piness; and bring them to thine LIGHTEN our darkness, we be- everlasting kingdom, through seech thee, O Lord; and by thy Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. great mercy defend us from all perils and dangers of this night, A Prayer for the Clergy and People. for the love of thy only Son our ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.

who alone workest great marvels;

Send down upon our Bishops and In Choirs and Places where they sing, here Curates, and all Congregations followeth the Anthem.

committed to their charge, the Then these five Prayers following are to be healthful Spirit of thy grace: And read here, except when the Litany is read;

that they may truly please thee, and then only the two last are to be read, as they are there placed.

pour upon them the continual dew

of thy blessing: Grant this, O A Prayer for the King's Majesty.

Lord, for the honour of our AdvoO LORD our heavenly Father,

cate and Mediator Jesus Christ. high and mighty, King of kings, Amen. Lord of Lords, the only Ruler of princes, who dost from thy throne

A Prayer of St. Chrysostom. behold all the dwellers upon earth; Almighty God, who hast given Most heartily we beseech thee with us grace, at this time, with one thy favour to behold our most accord to make our common supgracious Sovereign Lord, Kingplications unto thee; and dost GEORGE; and so replenish him promise, that when two or three(s)

(8) “ Two or three.” In Matt. xviii. 19, 20. our Saviour says to his disciples, "two of you shall

16 If

agree on earth touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be

« done for them of my Father which is in “ heaven: for where two or three are “ gathered together in my name, there am « I in the midst of them."

are gathered together in thy Name, thou wilt grant their re

2 Cor. xiii. 14. quests; Fulfil now, O Lord, the desires and petitions of thy servants, as may be most expedient The grace of our Lord (1) Jesus for them; granting us in this Christ, and the love of (t) God, world knowledge of thy truth, and and the fellowship (u) of the in the world to come life everlast- Holy (t) Ghost, be with us all ing. Amen.

evermore. Amen.

you in

(t) “ Our Lord Jesus Christ,” “ God," and “the Holy Ghost." A singular disposition of these names, if Christ and the Holy Ghost were not of the same order, rank, and essence as the Father: to be making the grace of Christ the first object of prayer, and the love of God the second only, and to associate with both a prayer for the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, (i.e. the gifts and graces he can communicate,) would be a strange inversion of order, and a singular association of petitions, unless cach of the three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, were what our church considers them,God. See Vaill. 6. Dr.Graves says, If this be a prayer, it addresses the three persons of the godhead, as forming one united object of faith and adoration : and if it be only a solemn wish, it refers to them as the three sources from which the blessings mentioned were to flow, and the order in which they are mentioned shews how all idea of inferiority of nature in any one of them was excluded from the Apostle's mind. Graves's Trinity, 20. Another passage of St. Paul's, 2 Thessal. c. 2. v.16, 17., deserves notice.

« Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God

even our Father, which hath loved us, “ and hath given us everlasting conso"lation and good hope through grace, “ comfort your hearts, and stablish

every good word and work.” The verbs “ loved, given, comfort, and stablish," are all in the singular number, and taking our translation to be right, apply to each of the nominatives, “ the Son and the Father.” And then the Son is placed before the Father, is considered as having power equally with the Father to confirm and strengthen, and is prayed to with the Father to exercise that power. May not, however, what we translate, “and « God even our Father," be rendered, « who is both our God and Father ?" and then the word “ God" would be distinctly applied to Christ. The original is added, that scholars may judge for themselves. 'Αυλος δε ο Κυριος ημων 'Ιησες Χρισίος, και ο Θεος και πατηρ ημων, ο αγαπησας ημας, και δες παρακλησιν αιωνιαν και ελπιδα αγαθην εν χαρίσι, παρακαλεσαι υμων τας καρδιας, και στηριξαι υμας εν πανι λογω και έργω αγαθω. .

(u) “ Fellowship.” See post, 47. note on 1 John, i. 6.

Here endeth the Order of Morning and Evening Prayer.

Upon these Feasts, Christmas Day, the Epiphany, St. Matthias, Easter Day, Ascension Day, Whit-Sunday, St. John Baptist, St. James, St. Bartholomew, St. Matthew, St. Simon and St. Jude, St. Andrew, and upon Trinity Sunday, shall be sung or said at Morning Prayer, instead of the Apostles' Creed, this Confession of our Christian Faith,

commonly called The Creed of St. Athanasius ; by the Minister and People, standing. WHOSOEVER will be saved: be- of the Father, another (e) of the fore all things it is necessary that Son: and another of the Holy he hold the Catholic Faith.

Ghost. 2 Which Faith, except every

6 But the Godhead of the Faone do keep whole and undefiled: ther, of the Son, and of the Holy without doubt he shall (6) perish Ghost, is all one: the Glory equal, everlastingly.

the Majesty co-eternal. 3 And the Catholic Faith is 7 Such as the Father is, such is this: That we worship one God the Son: and such is the Holy in 'Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;

Ghost. 4 Neither confounding the Per- 8 The Father uncreate, the Son sons : nor dividing the Substance. uncreate: and the Holy Ghost

5 For(c) there is one Person (d) uncreate.

on

(a) “ St. Athanasius." It is generally understood that this Creed was not written until after the time of Athanasius, who died A. D. 373. See 2 Bp.Tomline's Theology, 219. (6) - Perish," see note infra

“ cannot * be saved."

(c) v.5. For, &c." Upon the subject of these mysterious doctrines, it may not be amiss to adopt, with some little alteration, the language of the great but humble Hooker. “ Dangerous it were for the “ feeble brain of man to wade far into " the nature of the Most High: whom “ although to know be life, and joy to * make mention of his name, yet our “ soundest knowledge is to know that we “ know him not as indeed he is, neither - can know him; and our safest eloquence “ concerning him is our silence, when we * confess, in humble contemplation, that - his glory is inexplicable, his greatness " above our capacity and reach. He is " above, and we upon earth : therefore it “ behoveth our words to be wary and “ few. Hooker, B. i. c. 2. Ist Ed. p.71." The words in Italics are alterations.

(d) v.5.“ Person." Let it not be forgotten that God is a spirit (John iv. 24.), in the language of our first article, without body or parts. “ Person,” therefore, here means, “ being" or "existence;" and when the

idea of bodily substance is excluded, the difficultyof comprehending the unity of the three is diminished, if not entirely removed. Unity as to them is merely unanimity, and unanimity is of the essence of their nature. From the perfection of their wisdom each must know what is best; and from the perfection of their goodness, each must will it. Whatever one therefore wills, each must will ; and in every case which adınits of deliberation or judgment, they must be unanimous, or one in mind. A passage in Origen, written in the third century, and translated, 2 Hales's Chronology, 815. deserves notice : “ We then “ worship the Father of the truth, and “ the Son the truth, being two things in “ subsistence, but one in unanimity and “ concord, and sameness of the will."

(e) “ Another, &c.” The distinct existence of the three persons of the Trinity may perhaps be collected from several passages in the Old Testament, but İs. xlviii. 16. seems particularly to deserve notice, for there the speaker, after assuming to himself some of the plain characteristics of divinity, adds, “ And

now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath “ sent me.” So that the person sent describes himself as God, and he speaks of the Lord God, and his Spirit, as the senders.

9 The Father incomprehensi- 18 And yet not three Lords : ble, the Son incomprehensible : but one Lord. and the Holy Ghost incompre- 19 For like as we are comhensible.

pelled by the Christian verity: to 10 The Father eternal, the Son acknowledge every Person by himeternal : and the Holy Ghost

Holy Ghost self to be God and Lord; eternal;

20 So are we forbidden by the 11 And yet they are not (g) Catholic Religion : to say, There three eternals : but one eternal. be three Gods, or three Lords.

12 As also there are not three 21 The Father is made of none: incomprehensibles, nor three un- neither created, nor begotten. created : but one uncreated, and 22 The Son is of the Father one incomprehensible.

alone: not made, nor created, 13 So likewise the Father is but begotten. Almighty, the Son Almighty: and 23 The Holy Ghost is of the the Holy Ghost Almighty; Father, and of the Son: neither

14 And yet they are not three made, nor created, nor begotten, Almighties : but one Almighty. but proceeding,

15 So the Father is God, the 24 So there is one Father, not Son is (h) God: and the Holy three Fathers; one Son, not three Ghost is i) God;

Sons: one Holy Ghost, not three 16 And yet they are not three Holy Ghosts. Gods : but one God.

25 And in this Trinity none is 17 So likewise the Father is afore (k), or after other: none Lord, the Son Lord: and the is greater (1), or less than anHoly Ghost Lord;

other;

(g) “ Not three.” Sabellius, and some of his predecessors, charged the Church with acknowledging three Gods. This answers that charge.

(h) “ The Son is God." The Son whom Isaiah foretold the Virgin was to con. ceive, (Isaiah vii. 14.) was to be called “ Immanuel, that is, God with us." One of the names assigned him, Isaiah ix. 6. is The mighty God.St. John says,

« The “ Word (i. e. that Word which“ was made “ flesh, and dwelt among us, John i. 14.")

was God, John i. 1.” St. Paul speaks of Christ, (Rom. ix. 5.) as “ over all, God blessed for ever.In Col. ii. 9. he says, that " in him (viz. Christ) dwelleth all the

fulness of the Godhead bodily;" and 1 Tim. iii. 16. God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory." And in Rev. i. 11. 17, 18. " He that liveth “ and was dead, and is alive for evermore, " and hath the keys of hell and death," says of himself, “ I am Alpha and Omega,

I am the first and the last,” which are the proper appellations of God. See also Isaiah xli. 4.-xliv. 6.-xlvii. 12. See also Bp. Tomline's Theology, 100 to 154, and Dr. Waterland's Moyer's Sermons.

(i) “ Holy Ghost is God.” See 2 Bp. Tomline's Theology, 84 to 98, and 176 to 187.

(k) v. 25. “ afore or after," i.e. “ in “point of time," there being no period when all the three did not exist : all being, as the next paragraph explains, “ co-eternal together." See 2 Hales's Trinity, 263.

(O) v. 25. “ greater or less, &c.” not to be distinguished into greater and lesser Gods: Gods of a higher and lower species or nature, which, as we learn from Chrysostom's clear and able discourse upon the Trinity, was one of the antient heresies. “No longer then,” says he, " speak “ of a great and little God, falling into “ Hellenism : for if Christ be a little God, “ Paul speaks falsely when he says, 'Look“ing for the blessed hope of the glory of

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