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26 But the whole three Persons' 29 Furthermore, it is necessary are co-eternal together: and (m) to everlasting salvation : that he co-equal.

also believe rightly the Incarnation 27 So that in all things, as is | of our Lord Jesus Christ. aforesaid: the Unity in Trinity, 30 For the right Faith is, that and the Trinity in Unity, is to be we believe and confess : that our worshipped.

Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of 28 He therefore that will be | God, is God and Man; saved: must thus think of the | 31 God, of the Substance of Trinity.

the Father, begotten before (n)

our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ :' equality both of Son and Holy Ghost may * whom therefore Paul calls great, call not be inferred from our Saviour's command e thou small." The original is in these to his Apostles, Matt. xxviii. 19. to bapwords : “ uquels gy haye ueyay xat usapoy JEDY, | tise “ in the name of the Father, the Son, εε εμτιτίων εις Ελληνισμού. Ει γαρ μικρος θεος " and Holy Ghost." * iuss, evềela. llavhos derywy II poode%quevou (n) v. 31. “ before the worlds." This & την μακαρναν ελπιδα της δοξης το μεγαλο θες pre-existence of the Son is repeatedly “ και σωληρος ημων Ιησε Χρισθε. δν εν Παυλος noticed in St. John and in the Epistles. " xalas hayay J809, ou un ranet usxpoy. Sa St. John says, (John i. 1. to 3.) “ In the * ville's ed. vol. 6. p. 962.” Our Saviour so “ beginning was the Word : the same plainly ascribes a superiority to the Father, " was in the beginning with God: all John X. 29. “ My Father is greater than " things were made by him, and without - all :" and John xiv. 28. “My Father is “ him was not any thing made that was “ greater than I.” (See also John xx. 17.: “ made:” and in verse 14. he explains John v. 19. 30.: 1 Cor. xv. 27, 28.: and that by “the word," he means our Saviour Eph. iv.) that nothing inconsistent with Jesus Christ. In John iii. 13. our Saviour those texts could here have been in says, “No man hath ascended up to heaven, tended. Dr. Waterland considers the Son but he that came down from heaven, even as subordinate to the Father, but not in “ the son of man." In John vi. 33. 35. 38. ferior or unequal in nature. Waterland's he says, “ The bread of life is he which Preface to Lady Moyer's Sermons, xvii. “ cometh down from heaven, and giveth So does Dr. Hales, 2 Hales on Trinity, “ life unto the world: I am the bread of 964.- And see Pearson, 322. The truth “ life, I came down from heaven." So may be, that there is such sameness or John vi. 51. “I am the living bread, which equality of nature, with such subordina 6 came down from heaven.” Again, John vi. tion, as in the case of mortal sons and 62.“ What and if ye shall see the son of fathers. But let it not be forgotten, that “ man ascending where he was before.” So this is the conjecture of man as to the John viii. 42. “I proceeded forth and came nature of God. See Bp. Burgess's Easter “ from God.And John viii. 58. “ Before Catechism, part 3. cap. 2. sect. 4.

“ Abraham was, I am.” Again, John xvi. (m) v. 26. “ co-equal." Our Saviour 27, 28. he says, “ I came forth from the Fasays, (John X. 15.) “ As the Father know-| ther, and am come into the world : again, " eth me, even so know I the Father :" “ I leave the world, and go to the Father.” (John xiv. 9, 10, 11.) “ He that hath In John xvii. 5. he thus addresses the “ seen me hath seen the Father: I am Father, “ O Father, glorify me with thine " in the Father, and the Father in me:" | “ own self, with the glory which I had (John xvi. 15.) “ All things that the “ with thee before the world was :" and " Father hath are mine :" and (John x. 30.) John xvii. 24. “ Father, thou lovedst me "I and my father are one.” According before the foundation of the world.In to Philipp. i. 6. he “ thought it not rob- | 1 Cor. xv. 47. St. Paul says, “ The second "bery to be equal with God :" and he is " man (i.e. Christ) is the Lord from heaven.called, (2 Cor. iv. 4.) “ the image of God;" | In Eph. iii, 9. he speaks of God, “ who (Coloss. i. 15.) “ the image of the in “ created all things by Jesus Christ." In * visible God;" and (Hebr. i. 3.) “ the Col. i. 15, 16, 17. it is said, “ By him

ightness of his glory, and the express « (i.e. Christ) were all things created that “ image of his person.” And the co- “ are in heaven, and that are in earth: all i Hall of the (0) ) and flesh is one man : so God and illiy Mother, born in Man is one Christ;

38 Who suffered for our salvai istol Ciod, and Per- tion : descended into hell, rose

Vid reasonable soul, / again the third day from the dead ; !" Blesh subsisting ;

39 He ascended into heaven; help ! to the Father, as he sitteth on the right hand of ir lin Cochead ; and in the Father, God Almighty : from

: List Huthor, as touching whence he shall come to judge ..Vohida

the quick and the dead. I have although he be God 40 At whose coming all men nd 41: let he is not (9) two, shall rise again with their bodies; fundur (hrist;

and shall give account for their in (ne; not by conversion of own works. Than Cruthead into Alesh: but by 41 And they that have done Huling at the Manhood into good, shall go into life everlasting:

and they that have done evil, into iki (ne altogether; not by con- | everlasting fire. them at Substance; but by unity 42 This is the Catholic Faith : W l' oll

which except a man believe faith27 Kor as the reasonable soulfully, he (r) cannot be saved.

" things were created by him, and for him: “ believeth not, shall be damned.” So Hund He is before all things, and by him all John iii. 18. “ He that believeth on him " things subsist." Again, in Hebr. i. 2. it | “ (i. e. Jesus Christ) is not condemned : la said, that "by him God made the worlds." * but he that believeth not, is condemned Aud Hebr. 1, 8, 10. “Unto the Son he already, because he hath not believed

waith, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast " in the name of the only begotten Son " laid the foundation of the earth ; and the « of God." The prelates, who in 1689 ** heavens are the works of thine hands."

were commissioned to review and correct () " Man, of the substance of his the Liturgy, of whom Abp. Tillotson was * mother." A sect, called “The Apolli

one, prepared a Rubric, in which one ** narians," pretended that Christ either Part was, that the Articles of this Creed had no human body, or that he brought it « ought to be received and believed, as thom heaven, and took it not of the Virgin " being agreeable to the Holy Scriptures," Mary : And it was in answer to this here but that “the condemning clauses were w that he is here described as “ man of * to be understood as relating to those the substance of his mother." Anon. on « only who obstinately denied the subthis (reed, ed. 1733. p. 50

*stance of the Christian Faith. Anon. (w) * Perfeet God. A sect, called * 36,55* Dr. Waterland says, “he inclines « The Arians, considered Christ as a * to the moderate opinion of those who mated God. God in for only, not in na * think the author of this Creed does not tene: an imperfect God. It is in answer here lay the stress upon every little to them, therefore, that he is here de "nicety of explication before given, but scribed as a perfect God.Anon, 50 * upon the main doctrine of a co-equal

( * Nor two The Apollinarians and co-eternal Trinity. Wat. Crit. Hist. urged because of the two matures of " 10" By Tomline says "Great objecCarl that the Church asserted two ~ tions have been made to the clauses (brat svarene Christ as to one nature which denounce eternal damnation anda bagian (hreat as to the others thin' against those who do not believe the denies that conclustoa. Ibon. 31.

« Fail us here stated, and it certainly is p

r ot de ved* Learning to "to be fameuted, that assertions of so Var ini, le « Ile that behereth, and is peremptory a mature unexplaiped and

baptored, all be saved: but he that unqualibed should have been used in

Glory be to the Father, and! As it was in the beginning, is to the Son : and to the Holy | now, and ever shall be: world Ghost;

without end. Amen.

* any human composition. It is indeed | Mr. Wheatley, in his observations on this “impossible to admit the divine authority creed, says, “ We are not required, by the “ of the New Testament, and doubt the “ words of this creed, to believe the whole * necessity of faith in general: and surely 6 on pain of damnation : for all that is re" the faith thus required, must include the “ quired of us, as necessary to salvation, is, ** leading and characteristic doctrines of “ that before all things we hold the catholic " the Christian Religion: and though the faith : and the catholic faith, by the 3d “ gospel has not particularly enumerated “ and 4th verses, is explained to be this, " these particular doctrines, none seem to that we worship one God in Trinity, and “have a stronger claim to be so considered Trinity in Unity; neither confounding “than those which relate to the Three the persons, nor dividing the substance. " Persons in whose name we are com “ This therefore is declared necessary to ** manded to be baptised, to the incarn- | « be believed ; but all that follows, to the *ation of Christ, and to a future judg “ 26th verse, is only brought as proof *ment. These are the doctrines of the “ and illustration, and therefore requires « Athanasian Creed: and therefore it « our assent no more than a sermon does, * would follow, that a belief in the doc “ which is made to prove or illustrate a * trines of the Athanasian Creed is essen “ text.” He notices also, that it was a * tial to salvation.” He adds however primitive custom, after a confession of the afterwards, “ but since the gospel no orthodox faith, to pass an anathema or * where informs us, what degree of error curse against all who denied it. The ** will exclude from eternal happiness, I damnatory clauses therefore may be con

am ready to acknowledge, that in my sidered as the denuntiation of the writer, - judgment, notwithstanding the authority or as his opinion only; and it does not

of former times, our Church would have follow, because the creed is introduced * acted more wisely, and more consistently into our liturgy, that our church takes " with its general principles of mildness upon itself to pass this denuntiation, or * and toleration, if it had not adopted the even to intimate its opinion, that the belief * damnatory clauses of the Athanasian of every particular here stated is indis“ Creed. Though I firmly believe that pensable. It probably adopted this creed " the doctrines of this Creed are all found for its general merit in illustrating these

ed in Scripture, I cannot but conceive doctrines, and to shew how they were * it to be both unnecessary and presump understood in early times; and then it *tuous to say, that “ except every one would not omit the damnatory clauses, * do keep them whole and undefiled, with because that would have mutilated the “out doubt he shall perish everlastingly. creed. 2 Bp. Tomline's Theology, 219 to 222."

THE LITANY,

OR
GENERAL SUPPLICATION,

TO BE SUNG OR SAID AFTER MORNING PRAYER,

UPON SUNDAYS, WEDNESDAYS, AND FRIDAYS, AND AT OTHER TIMES, WHEN

IT SHALL BE COMMANDED BY THE ORDINARY.

O God the Father of heaven : | cious blood, and be not angry wit] have mercy upon us miserable | us for ever. sinners.

Spare us, good Lord. O God the Father of heaven : From all evil and mischief have mercy upon us miserable sin from sin, from the crafts and as ner's.

saults of the devil; from thy O God the Son, Redeemer of wrath, and from everlasting dam the world : have mercy upon us nation, miserable sinners.

Good Lord, deliver us. O God the Son, Redeemer of the From all blindness of heart; world : have mercy upon us miser- from pride, vain glory, and hypoable sinners.

crisy; from envy, hatred, and O God the Holy Ghost, pro malice, and all uncharitableness, ceeding from the Father and the Good Lord, deliver us. Son: have mercy upon us miser | From fornication, and all other able sinners.

deadly sin; and from all the deO God the Holy Ghost, proceed.

ceits of the world, the flesh, and ing from the Father and the Son :

the devil, have mercy upon us miserable sin

Good Lord, deliver us. ners. O holy, blessed, and glorious

From lightning and tempest ; Trinity, three Persons and one

from plague, pestilence, and fa

mine; from battle and murder, God : have mercy upon us miserable sinners.

and from sudden death, O holy, blessed, and glorious

Good Lord, deliver us. Trinity, three Persons and one

From all sedition, privy conGod: have mercy upon us miser- spiracy, and

spiracy, and rebellion; from all able sinners.

false doctrine, heresy, and schism; Remember not, Lord, our of.

from hardness of heart, and confences, nor the offences of our fore. / tempt of thy Word and Comfathers; neither take thou venge mandment, ance of our sins : Spare us, good

Good Lord, deliver us. Lord, spare thy people, whom thou 1 By the mystery of thy holy Inhast redeemed with thy most pre- carnation; by thy holy Nativity

and Circumcision ; by thy Bap- That it may please thee to bless tism, Fasting, and Temptation, and preserve all the Royal Family;

Good Lord, deliver us. We beseech thee to hear us, good By thine Agony and bloody Lord. Sweat (a); by thy Cross and Pas- That it may please thee to illusion ; by thy precious Death and minate all Bishops, Priests, and Burial; by thy glorious Resurrec Deacons, with true knowledge tion and Ascension; and by the and understanding of thy Word; coming of the Holy Ghost, and that both by their preaching

Good Lord, deliver us. and living they may set it forth, In all time of our tribulation; and shew it accordingly; in all time of our wealth ; in the We beseech thee to hear us, good hour of death, and in the day of Lord. judgement,

That it may please thee to enGood Lord, deliver us. due the Lords of the Council, We sinners do beseech thee to and all the Nobility, with grace, hear us, O Lord God; and that wisdom, and understanding; it may please thee to rule and We beseech thee to hear us, good govern thy holy Church universal | Lord. in the right way;

That it may please thee to bless We beseech thee to hear us, good and keep the Magistrates ; giving Lord.

them grace to execute justice, and That it may please thee to to maintain truth; keep and strengthen in the true We beseech thee to hear us, good worshipping of thee, in righteous Lord. ness and holiness of life thy ser- That it may please thee to bless vant GEORGE, our most graci. , and keep all thy people; ous King and Governor ;

We beseech thee to hear us, good We beseech thee to hear us, good Lord.

That it may please thee to give That it may please thee to rule to all nations, unity, peace, and his heart in thy faith, fear, and concord; love; and that he may evermore We beseech thee to hear us, good have affiance in thee, and ever | Lord. seek thy honour and glory;

That it may please thee to give We beseech thee to hear us, good us an heart to love and dread thee, Lord.

and diligently to live after thy That it may please thee to be his commandments; defender and keeper, giving him! We beseech thee to hear us, good the victory over all his enemies ; Lord.

We beseech thee to hear us, good | That it may please thee to give Lord.

to all thy people increase of grace,

(a) “ Agony and bloody sweat.” This was just before he was betrayed, when he had been praying to God to remove that cup from him; and, “ being in an “ agony, he prayed more earnestly, and

“ his sweat was as it were great drops of “ blood falling to the ground.” Luke xxii. 44. See post, - note on Luke xxii. 44.

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