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of heaven. II. Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, fpr my sake. 12. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you."

Twenty-fourth Sunday after Trinity.
The Collect.

O Lord, we beseech thee, absolve thy people from their offences ; that through thy bountiful goodness we may all be delivered from the bands of those sins, which by our fraility we have committed. Grant this, O heavenly Father, for Jesus Christ's sake, our blessed Lord and Saviour. Amen.

The Eputle. Col. i. S.

We give thanks to God and (k) the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, (praying always for you, 4. since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus, and of the love which ye have to all the saints;)

(*) v. 3." And" or "even," or "the "God and Father." The same phrase is so rendered, 2 Cor. xi. 31. and 1 Pet. i. S. (See ante, 212. note on Eph. iii. 14.)

(t) v. 5. " For the hope, &c." This is the subject of his thanks in verse 3.

(m) v. 6. " In all the world." In our Saviour's prophecy as to the destruction of Jerusalem, (Matt, xxiv.) when he was asked what should be the sign of his coming, he stated, (among others), " This gos"pel of the kingdom shall be preached "in all the world, for a witness unto all "nations, and then shall the end come, 44 Matt. xxiv. 14." The gospel was accordingly preached before the destruction of Jerusalem in Asia Minor, Greece, and

5. for the hope (/) which i9 laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the Gospel; e. which is come unto you, as it is in (m) all the world; and bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you, since the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God (n) in truth: 7. as ye also learned of Epaphras our dear fellow-servant, who is for you a faithful minister of Christ: 8. who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit. 9. For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his (o) will, in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; 10. that ye might walk (p) worthy of (q) the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God; ll. strengthened with all might, according to his glorious

{rower, unto all patience and ong-suffering with joyfulness; 12. giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light.

Italy, as far north as Scythia, south as /Ethiopia, east as Parthia and India, and west as Spain and Britain, 2. Newt, on the Prophecies, 156. If this does not prore God's assistance to the cause, it shews the zeal of the apostles, and their conviction of the truth of what they preached. Our Saviour's prophecy was delivered A. D. 33. This Epistle is supposed to have been written A. D. 59; and Jerusalem was destroyed A. D. 70.

(n) " The grace of God in truth, " i. e. "the doctrines of the gospel." 2. Clarke's Sermons, 273.

(o) v. 9. " His," i. e. " God's."

(p) v. 10. "Walk, &c." pressing upon them the necessity of good conduct.

(a)" Of the Lord,"7S Kvfle, i. e." Christ." The Gospel. Matt. ix. 18.

While Jesus spake these things unto John's (r) disciples, behold, there came a certain ruler («) and worshipped him, saying, " My "daughter is even now dead: "but come and lay thy hand upon "her, and she shall live." 19. And Jesus arose and followed him, and so did his disciples. 20. (And behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment: 21. for she said within herself, " If I may but touch his gar"ment, I shall be whole." 22. But Jesus turned him about; and when hesawher, he said, " Daughter, be "of good comfort; thy faith (/) "hath made thee whole." And the woman was made whole from that hour). 23. And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise, 24. he said unto

(r)v. 18." John's," i. e. " the Baptist's." They had been to ask him why his disciples did not fast. Our Saviour was sitting at meat at this time in St. Matthew's house; so that Matthew had good means of knowing what he here states.

Is) " Ruler," a ruler of the synagogue, Jairus by name, Mark v. 22. Luke viii. 41.

(t) c. 22. " Thy faith," i. e. "thy con"tidence in my power; thy belief that the "touching my garment would cure thee."

hi) v. 25. "Put forth." According to Luke viii. 51. " he suffered no man to go "in, save Peter and James, and John, "and the father and mother of the "maiden."

(x) v. 26. " That land." He was at Capernaum, in Galilee, when he performed this miracle.

{y) Jeremiah lived about 600 years before our Saviour's time.

(z) v. 5. " Behold, &c." This prophecy, to the end of verse 6. is again repeated m nearly the same words, Jer. xxxiii. 14—17. "Behold, the days come," saitli the Lord, "that I will perform that good thing

"them, Give place; for the maid "is not dead, but sleepeth." And they laughed him to scorn. 25. But when the people were put forth (m), he went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose. 26. And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land, (x)

Twenty-Jifth Sunday after Trinity}

or,

Sunday before Advent.

The Collect.

Stir up, we beseech thee, O Lord, the wills of thy faithful people; that they plenteously bringing forth the fruit of good works, may of thee be plenteously rewarded, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

For the Epistle. Jer. xxiii. 5. (y)

"Behold (z), the days come," saith the (a) Lord, "that I will "raise unto David (ft) a righteous

"which I have promised unto the house "of Israel, and to the house of Judah. "In those days, and at that time will I "cause the branch of righteousness to "grow up unto David, and he shall exe"cute judgment and righteousness in the "land. In those days shall Judah be "saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely; "and this is the name wherewith he shall "be called, "The Lord Our Righteous"Ness." For thus saith the Lord, " David "shall never want a man to sit upon the "throne of the house of Israel." These prophecies were delivered about the time of the commencement of the Babylonish captivity, when Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, took Jerusalem, and carried the Jews captive to Babylon. The object probably was, in that time of debasement and distress, to assure those who still looked up to God that he had not forgotten his promise, and would assuredly bring it to pass.

(a) v. 5. "The Lord," Hebr." Jehovah," Greek, Ki/W.

(4) " Unto David." It was the settled understanding of the Jews that the Messiah was to be of the lineage of

"Branch, and a King shall reign "and prosper, and shall execute "judgement (c) and justice in the "earth. 6. In his days Judah "shall be saved, and Israel shall "dwell safely; and this is his "name whereby he shall be called, "THE LORD (rf) OUR (e) « RIGHTEOUSNESS. 7.There"fore, behold, the days come," saith the (5-) Lord, "that they shall "no more say, "The Lord liveth, "which brought up the children "of Israel out of the land of "Egypt;" 8. but (A), "The Lord "liveth, which brought up, and "which led the seed of the "house of Israel out of the north "country, and from all countries "whither I had driven them; "and they shall dwell in their "own land."

The Gospel. John vi. 5. (i) When Jesus then lifted up his

David; many of the persons who considered Jesus Christ as the Messiah, expressed that as their belief by calling him " the Son of David:" and when our Saviour put it to the Pharisees, Matt, xxii. 42. ante, 217. "What think ye of "Christ, whose Son is he ?" they at once answered, " the Son of David."

(c) "Judgment and justice." Two of his characteristics. In Is. ix. 1—7. it is said of him " of the increase of his "government and peace there shall be no "end, upon the throne of David, and "upon his kingdom, to order it and to "establish it, with Judgment and with "justice, from henceforth even for ever." And in Is. xi. 1—5. where it is said, that "there shall come forth a rod out "of the stem of Jesse," (David's father), " and a branch shall grow out of "his roots ;" it is stated of him, that " with "righteousness shall be judge the poor, and "reprove with equity for the meek of the "earth; and righteousness shall be the "girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the "girdle of his reins."

(d) v. 6." The Lord," Hebr.'«Jehovah,"

eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, " Whence shall we buy "bread that these may eat?" 6. And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do. 7. Philip answered him, "Two hundred penny worth of "bread is not sufficient for them, "that every one of them may "take a little." 8. One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him, "9. There "is a lad here, which hath five "barley-loaves and two small "fishes : but what are they among "so many?" 10. And Jesus said, " Make the men sit down." Now there was much grass (k) in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. 11. And Jesus took the loaves : and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set

the incommunicable name of God. See Hales's Dissertations, 200.

(e) "Our righteousness." Because through his mediation and atonement his righteousness is to be imputed to us: to be carried to our account: to be reckoned ours: we through him ire to be treated as righteous. See 1. Hales* Trinity, 232. "He of God (in the laa"guage of Rom. i. 30.)being made unto us "wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctih"cation and redemption."

(?) See ante, 235. note (a).

(A) v. 8. " But, &c." The deliverance referred to shall so far surpass the deliverance from Egypt, that whereas the deliverance from Egypt has hitherto been looked up to as the great instance of God's interposition: the second shall so exceed it, as to be the only deliverance ever again named. It shall overwhelm by its superiority all remembrance of the former.

(«') This Gospel has already been commented upon, ante, 96.

(k) v. 10. " Much grass," he observation of a person present.

down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would. 12. When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, "Gather up the fragments thatremain, that nothing be "lost" 13. Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten. 14. Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, "This is of "a truth that Prophet that should "come into the world."

If there he any more Sundays before Advent Sunday, the Service of some of those Sundays that wen omitted after the Epiphany shall be taken in, ta supply so mans/ as are here wanting. And if there be fewer, the overplus may be omitted: Protided that this last Collect, Epistle, and Gos)>el, shall always be used upon the Sunday next before Advent.

Saint Andrew's Day.
The Collect.

Almighty God, who didst give such grace unto thy holy Apostle

Saint Andrew, that he readily obeyed the calling of thy Son Jesus Christ, and followed him without delay; Grant unto us all, that we being called by thy holy Word, may forthwith give up ourselves obediently to fulfil thy holy Commandments, through the same Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The Epistle. Rom. x. 9. If thou shalt confess (J) with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God (m) hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. 10. For with the heart man believeth unto (») righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto (o) salvation, n. For the Scripture (jp) saith, "Whosoever believeth on "him shall not be ashamed." 12. For there is no difference (q) between the Jew and the Greek (r): for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

(/) v. 9. "Confess, &c." Making inward conviction and open profession the two requisites: our Saviour put the necessity of a bold undaunted avowal of our faith in a strong light, (Matt. x. 32, 33.) " Who"soever shall confess me before men, him "will I confess also before my Father "which is in Heaven: but whosoever shall "deny me before men, him will I also "deny before my Father which is in Hea"ven." If such stress was then laid upon it when the avowal of Christianity exposed its professors to persecution and great temporal disadvantages, is it not equally incumbent upon every one now boldly and fearlessly to acknowledge his faith wherever it can be of service to religion, and to stand forward as one of its champions whenever it is assailed?

(m) " God hath raised, &c." ascribing "to the Father. — " God," 1 »iJ<.

(*) v. 10. "Unto righteousness." To make him walk righteously, and to have righteousness and its reward imputed to him.

(o) "Unto salvation," so as to procure for him salvation.

(/>) v. 11. "The Scripture," i. e. « Is. "xxviii. 16.," which clearly refers to the Messiah. "Behold, I lay "in Sion for a "foundation a stone, a tried stone, a pre"cious corner stone, a sure foundation: "he that believeth shall not make haste," (i. e. shall have no occasion to fly.) Bp. Lowth translates it, "he that trusteth in "him shall not be confounded."

(q) v. 12. " No difference, &c." This is to justify the use of the general word in the preceding verse, "whosoever."

(r) "The Jew and the Greek." So Gal. iii. 28. "There ig neither Jew nor '• Greek, there is neither bond nor free, "there is neither male nor female, for ye "are all one in Christ Jesus;" and to the same purpose is Col. iii. 11. Christianity knows no distinction of country, station, or sex. In the language of the Te Deum, Christ "hath opened the kingdom of Hea"ven to all believers"

13. For "whosoever (s) shall call "upon the name of the Lord "shall be saved." 14. How then (t) shall they (u) call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they (it) believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they («) hear without a preacher? 15. and how shall they (w) preach, except they be sent? as it is written (.r), "How beautiful are the feet of "them that preach the Gospel of "peace, and bring glad tidings "of good things!" 16. But (y) they have not all obeyed the Gospel. For Esaias saith (z), "Lord, who hath believed our "report?" 17. So then (a) faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. 18. But I say, Have they not heard (b)? Yes, verily (c), "their sound went "into all the earth, and their

(*) v. IS. "Whosoever, &c." Without any distinction between Jew and Gentile; a quotation from Joel ii. 32.

(t) v. 14. "How then," i. e. " but how." This to the end of v. 15. seems put as an objection to give the opportunity of answering it: and from v. 16- inclusive, is the answer.

(u) "They," i. e. indefinitely, "any."

(x) v. 15. "Written," i.e. in Isaiah lii. 7.

(y) v. 16- " But, &c." No want of preachers, but of belief: for what Isaiah foretold in part of the same prophecy, "Who hath believed, &c." is now verified.

(z) "Esaias saith," i. e. in Isaiah liii. 1.

(a) v. 17- "So then," or, "indeed," "in very truth." ap*.

(b) v. 18. "Heard," i. e. "had the op"portunity of hearing."

(c) " Yes, verily, &c." So much so, that the passage from Ps. xix. 4. "their "sound, &c." is true of the preachers of the gospel: there is no place their preaching has not reached. See ante, 234. note on Col. i. 6.

(d) v. 19. "First, &c." He answers the question by referring to Deut. xxxii. 21. and Isaiah lxv. 1. (where the Israelites are

"words unto the ends of the "world." 19. But 1 say, Did not Israel know? First (d) Moses saith, "I will provoke (e) you to "jealousy by them that are no "people, and by a foolish nation "I will anger you." 20. But Esaias is very bold, and saith, "1 "was found of them that sought "me not; I was made manifest "unto them that asked not after "me." 21. But to Israel he saith, "All day long I have "stretched forth my hands unto "a disobedient and gainsaying "people."

The Gospel. Matt. iv. 18.

Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting (g) a net into the sea: for they were fishers. (A) 19. And he saith unto them,

described "as a disobedient people, and "as being surpassed by those who before "were not God's people,") and leaves it to the reader to apply the passages.

(e) "Provoke you to jealousy," i. e. "stir you up to emulation." St. Paul states, (Rom. xi. 14.) as his reason for magnifying his office of apostle to the Gentiles, " If by any means I may provoke^ "to emulation them which are my flesh, (i. e. the Jews) "and might save some of "them."

(g) v. 18. "Casting," i. e. "to twuA "them;" they had done Jishing. See

T ii bp v 2

(/() "Fishers." "The foolish thing! "therefore of the world, to confound the « wise." See 1 Cor. i. 27. Our Saviour might be cautious in the selection of his apostles, to fix upon men of plain sense and veracity, men who would attest his miracles and way of life, and yet might not be too confident that he was the Messiah, and therefore might not be too forward m asserting that he was, as that would have exposed him to the Roman power. See Locke 133.135.

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