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word, or deed, there to bewail your own sinfulness, and to confess yourselves to Almighty God, with full purpose of amendment of life. And if ye shall perceive your offences to be such as are not only against God, but also against your neighbours, then ye shall reconcile yourselves unto thein, being ready to make restitution and satisfaction, according to the uttermost of your powers, for all injuries and wrongs done by you to any other; and being likewise ready to forgive others that have offended you, as ye would have forgiveness of your offences at God's hand: for otherwise the receiving of the holy Communion doth nothing else but increase your damnation. Therefore if any of you be a blasphemer of God, an hinderer or slanderer of his Word, an adulterer, or be in malice or envy, or in any other grievous crime, repent you of your sins, or else come not to that holy table; lest after the taking of that holy Sacrament, the devil enter into you, as he entered into Judas, and fill you full of all iniquities, and bring you to destruction both of body and soul.
And because it is requisite that no man should come to the holy Communion but with a full trust in God's mercy, and with a quiet conscience, therefore if there be any of you who by this means cannot quiet his own conscience herein, but requireth further comfort or counsel, let him come to me, or to some other discreet and learned Minister of God's Word, and open his grief; that by the ministry of God's holy Word he may receive the benefit of absolu
tion, together with ghostly counsel and advice, to the quieting of his conscience, and avoiding of all scruple and doubtfulness.
Or in case the minister shall see the People negligent to come to the Holy Communion, instead of the former he shall use this Exhortation.
Dearly beloved brethren, on
I intend, by God's grace, to
celebrate the Lord's Supper: unto which, in God's behalf, I bid you all that are here present; and beseech you for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, that ye will not refuse to come thereto, being so lovingly called and bidden by God himself. Ye know how grievous and unkind a thing it is, when a man hath prepared a rich feast, decked his table with all kind of provision, so that there lacketh nothing, but the guests to sit down; and yet they who are called, without any cause, most unthankfully refuse to come. Which of you, in such a case, would not be moved? Who would not think a great injury and wrong done unto him? Wherefore, most dearly beloved in Christ, take ye good heed, lest ye, withdrawing yourselves from this holy Supper, provoke God's indignation against you. It is an easy matter for a man to say, 1 will not communicate, because I am otherwise hindered with worldly business. But such excuses are not so easily accepted and allowed before God. If any man say, I am a grievous sinner, and therefore am afraid to come; wherefore then do ye not repent and amend? When God calleth you, are ye not ashamed to say, ye will not come? When ye should return to God, will ye excuse yourselves, and say, ye are not ready? Consider earnestly with yourselves, how little such feigned excuses will avail before God. They that refused the feast in the Gospel, because they had bought a farm or would try their yokes of oxen, or because they were married, were not so excused, but counted unworthy of the heavenly feast. I, for my part, shall be ready; and according to mine office, I bid you in the name of God; I call you in Christ's behalf; I exhort you, as ye love your own salvation, that ye will be partakers of this holy Communion. And as the Son of God did vouchsafe to yield up his soul by death upon the cross for your salvation: so it is your duty to receive the Communion in remembrance of the sacrifice of his death, as he himself hath commanded: Which if ye shall neglect to do, consider with yourselves, how great injury ye do unto God, and how sore punishment hangeth over your heads for the same; when ye wilfully abstain from the Lord's Table, and separate from your brethren,
who come to feed on the banquet of that most heavenly food. These things if ye earnestly consider, ye will by God's grace return to a better mind: for the obtaining whereof we shall not cease to make our humble petitions unto Almighty God our heavenly Father.
Exhortation at the Communion.
Dearly beloved in the Lord, ye that mind to come to the holy Communion of the body and blood of our Saviour Christ, must consider how Saint Paul exhorteth all persons diligently to try and examine themselves, before they presume to eat of that Bread, and drink of that Cup. For as the benefit is great, if with a true penitent heart and lively faith we receive that holy Sacrament; (for then we spiritually eat (m) the Flesh of Christ, and drink his Blood; then we dwell in Christ, and Christ in us; we are one with Christ («), and Christ with us:) so is the danger great, if we receive the same (o) unworthily : For then we are guilty (p) of the Body and
(m) "Eat the flesh, &c." In John vi. 53. &c. our Saviour says, "Verily, veriiy, "I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of "the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye "have no (or " not" <Sx <x«7«) life in you: "whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my "blood, hath eternal life, and I will raise "him up at the last day: for my flesh is "meat indeed, and my blood is drink in"deed: he that eateth my flesh, and "drinketh my blood, dwcllet'h in me, and "I in him."
(n) "One with Christ, &c." In John xvii. 21. &c. our Saviour prays for all true believers, that "as thou, Father, art "in me, and I in thee, that they also may "be one in us; that they may be one, "even as we are one .• I in them, and thou "in me, that they may be made perfect in "one."
(o) " Unworthily," i. e. probably, (according to the context,) without penitence or faith, without repentance for past sins, and without reliance upon the efficacy of Christ's atonement: if we repent truly for sins past, have a lively and stedfast faith in Christ, amend our lives, aivd are in perfect, charity with all men, we are meet par-, takers.
(p) " Are guilty, &c." These expressions of "being guilty of the body and "blood of Christ," "eating and drinking "our own damnation," and provoking "God to plague us with sundry diseases "and divers kinds of death," owe their introduction hereto 1 Cor. xi. (ante, p. 123.); and by reference to that passage we may collect the sense in which they ought to be understood. The Corinthian converts were guilty of great improprieties in tbeir
Blood of Christ our Saviour; we eat and drink our own damnation, not considering the Lord's Body; we kindle God's wrath against us; we provoke him to plague us with divers diseases, and sundry kinds of death. Judge therefore yourselves, brethren, that ye be not judged of the Lord: repent ye truly for your sins past; have a lively and stedfast faith in Christ our Saviour; amend your lives, and be in perfect charity with all men; so shall ye be meet partakers of those holy mysteries. And above all things, ye must give most humble and hearty thanks to God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, for the redemption of the world by the death and passion of our Saviour Christ, both God and man; who did humble himself, even to the death upon the cross, for us miserable sinners, who lay in darkness, and the shadow of death; that he might make us the children of God, and exalt us to everlasting life. And to the end that we should alway remember the exceeding great love of our Master and only Saviour Jesus Christ, thus dying for us, and the innumerable benefits which by his precious blood-shedding he hath obtained to us, he hath instituted and ordained holy mysteries, as pledges of his love, and for a continual remembrance of his death, to our great and endless comfort. To
celebration of the Lord's supper. Though they met in the same place, they did not communicate together as one body or company, but divided themselves into parties; each party kept its own provisions to itself, and ate at its own time without allowing others to partake with them, and without regarding whether others were ready or not, and they ate
him therefore, with the Father, and the Holy Ghost, let us give, as we are most bounden, continual thanks; submitting ourselves wholly to his holy will and pleasure, and studying to serve him in true holiness and righteousness all the days of our life. Amen.
Ye that do truly and earnestly repent you of your sins, and are in love and charity with your neighbours, and intend to lead anew life, following the commandments of God, and walking from henceforth in his holy ways; Draw near with faith, and take this holy Sacrament to your comfort; and make your humble confession to Almighty God, meekly kneeling upon your knees.
Almighty God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maker of all things, Judge of all men; We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, which we from time to time most grievously have committed, by thought, word, and deed, against thy Divine Majesty, provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us. We do earnestly repent, and are heartily sorry for these our misdoings; the remembrance of them is grievous unto us; the burden of them is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, have mercy upon us, most mer
and drank to the same extent as at ordinary meals, and sometimes to excess; and it is this irreverent conduct which St. Paul calls "eating and drinking unworthily. "and eating and drinking damnation, "not discerning the Lord's body:" and "for this cause," he says, ««many were "weak and sickly among them, and many "slept," i. e. " died." Sec ante, 123.
cifiil Father; for thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, forgive us all that is past; and grant that we may ever hereafter serve and please thee in newness oflife, to the honour and glory of thy Name, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Almighty God our heavenly Father, who of his great mercy hath promised forgiveness of sins to all them that with hearty re
Eentance and true faith turn unto im; Have mercy upon you, pardon and deliver you from all your sins, confirm and strengthen you in all goodness, and bring you to everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Hear what comfortable words our Saviour Christ saith unto all that truly turn to him.
Come unto me, all ye that travel and are heavy laden, and I will refresh you. Matt. xi. 28.
So God loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, to the end that all that believe in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. John iii. 16.
Hear also what St. Paul saith.
This is a true saying, and worthy of all men to be received, That Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. 1 Tim. i. 15.
Hear also what St. John saith.
If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the propitiation for our sins. 1 John ii. 1,2.
Priest. Lift up your hearts.
Answ. We lift them up unto the Lord.
Priest. Let us give thanks unto our Lord God,
Answ. It is meet and right so to do.
It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks unto thee, O Lord, * Holy Father, Almighty, everlasting God.
* These words [Holy Father] must be omitted on Trinity Sunday.
Here shall follow the Proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any specially appointed: or else immediately shall follow,
Therefore with Angels and Archangels, and with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore jraising thee, and saying, Holy, loly, holy, Lord God of hosts, leaven and earth are full of thy glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most high. Amen.
Upon Christmas-Day, and seven Days after.
Because thou didst give Jesus Christ thine only Son to be bora as at this time for us; who, by the operation of the Holy Ghost, was made very Man of the substance of the Virgin Mary his mother; and that without spot of sin, to make us clean from all sin. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Easter-Day, and seven Days after.
But chiefly are we bound to praise thee for the glorious Resurrection of thy Son Jesus Christ our "Lord: for he is the very Paschal Lamb, which was offered for us, and hath taken away the sin of the world; who by his death hath destroyed death, and by his rising to hfe again hath restored to us everlasting life. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Ascension-Day, and seven Days after.
Through thy most dearly beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord; who after his most glorious Resurrection manifestly appeared to all his Apostles, and in their sight ascended up into heaven, to prepare a place for us; that where he is, thither we might also ascend, and reign with him in glory. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Whit-Sunday, and six Days after.
Through Jesus Christ our Lord; according to whose most true promise, the Holy Ghost came down as at this time from heaven with a sudden great sound, as it had been a mighty wind, in the likeness of fiery tongues, lighting upon the Apostles, to teach them, and to lead them to all truth; giving them both the gift of divers languages, and also boldness with fervent zeal constantly to preach the Gospel unto all nations; whereby we have been brought out of darkness and error, into the clear light and true knowledge of thee, and of thy Son Jesus Christ. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon the Feast of Trinity only.
Who art one God, one Lord; not only one Person, but three Persons in one substance. For that which we believe of the glory
of the Father, the same we believe of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, without any difference or inequality. Therefore with Angels, &c.
We do not presume to come to this thy table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy. Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the Flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his Blood,' that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his Body, and our souls washed through his most precious Blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.
The Prayer of Consecration.
Almighty God our heavenly Father, who of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy Gospel command us to continue, a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again; Hear us, O merciful Father, we most humbly beseech thee; and grant, that we receiving these thy creatures of Bread and Wine, according to thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remembrance of "his death and passion, may be partakers of his