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most blessed Body and Blood; who in the same night that he was betrayed, took bread (y): and when he had given thanks he brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat, this is my Body which is given for you: Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after Supper, he took the Cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you, and for many, for the remission of sins: Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me. Amen.
At delivery of the Bread.
The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life. Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.
At delivery of the Cup.
Ihe Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was shed for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life. Drink this in remembrance that Christ's Blood was shed for thee, and be thankful.
Our Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven: Give us this day our daily bread; And
forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, For ever and ever. Amen.
O Lord and Heavenly Father, we thy humble servants entirely desire thy fatherly goodness, mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his Blood, we and all thy whole Church may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion. And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a (r) reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee; humbly beseeching thee, that all we, who are partakers of this holy Communion, may be full-filled with thy grace and heavenly benediction. And although we be unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice; yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service; not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences, through Jesus Christ our Lord; by whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father Almighty, world without end. Amen.
(?) "Took bread, &c." The whole of this account to the end is from 1 Cor. xi. 23., &c ante, 123. and almost verbatim.
(r) This language is, perhaps, borrowed from Rom. xii. 1. ante, 59. where St. Paul
beseeches the converts to "present their "bodies, a living sacrifice, holy, accept"able unto God," which he calls "their "reasonable service."
Almighty and everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, who have duly received these holy mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us; and that we are very members incorporate in the mystical Body of thy Son, which is the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs through hope of thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits of the most precious death and passion of thy dear Son. And we most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we may continue in that holy fellowship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in, through Jesus Christ our Lord; to whom, with thee and the Holy Ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.
Glory be to God on high, and in earth peace, good will towards men. We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father Almighty.
O Lord, the only-begotten Son Jesu Christ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us: Thou that takest away the sins of .the world, have mercy upon us: Thou that takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer:
Thou that sittest at the right hand of God the Father, have mercy upon us.
For thou only art holy; thou only art the Lord; thou only, 0 Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen.
The peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: And the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be amongst you, and remain with you always. Amen.
Collects after the Offertory.
Assist Us mercifully, O Lord, in these our supplications and prayers, and dispose the way of thy servants towards the attainment of everlasting salvation; that among all the changes and chances of this mortal life, they may ever be defended by thy most gracious and ready help, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
O Almighty Lord, and everlasting God, vouchsafe, we beseech thee, to direct, sanctify, and govern both our hearts and bodies in the ways of thy laws, and in the works of thy commandments; that through thy most mighty protection, both here and ever, we may be preserved in body and soul, through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.
Grant, we beseech thee, Almighty God, that the words which
we have heard this day with our outward ears may, through thy grace, be so grafted inwardly in our hearts, that they may bring forth in us the fruit of good living, to the honour and praise of thy Name, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Prevent Us, O Lord, in all rour doings with thy most gracious favour, and further us with thy continual help; that in all our works begun, continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy Name; and finally by thy mercy obtain everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Almighty God, the fountain of all wisdom, who knowest our necessities before we ask, and our
ignorance in asking; We beseech thee to have compassion upon our infirmities; and those things, which for our unworthiness we dare not, and for our blindness we cannot ask, vouchsafe to give us, for the worthiness of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Almighty God, who hast promised to hear the petitions of them that ask in thy Son's Name; We beseech thee mercifully to incline thine ears to us that have made now our prayers and supplications unto thee; and grant that those things which we have faithfully asked according to thy will, may effectually be obtained, to the relief of our necessity, and to the setting forth of thy glory, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Whereas it is ordained in this Office for the Administration of the Lord's Supper, that the Communicants should receive the same kneeling; (which Order is well meant, for a signification of our humble and grateful acknowledgement of the benefits of Christ therein given to all worthy Receivers, and for the avoiding of such profanation and disorder in the Holy Communion as might otherwise ensue:) Yet, lest the same kneeling should by any Persons, either out of ignorance and infirmity, or out of malice and obstinacy, be misconstrued and depraved; it is hereby declared, That thereby no Adoration is intended, or ought to be done, either unto the Sacramental Bread or Wine there bodily received, or unto any Corporeal presence of Christ's natural Flesh and Blood. For the Sacramental Bread and Wine remain still m their very natural substances; and therefore may not be adored; (for that were Idolatry to be abhorred of all faithful Christians:) and the natural Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ are in Heaven, and not here; it being against the truth of Christ's natural Body to be at one time in more places than one."
PSALMS OF DAVIDS)
POINTED AS THBY ARE TO BE SUNG OR SAID IN CHURCHES.
THE FIRST DAY.
Blessed is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners: and hath not sat in the seat of the scornful;
2. But his delight is in the law of the Lord: and in his law will he exercise himself day and night
3. And he shall be like a tree (a) planted by the water-side: that will bring forth his fruit in due season.
(s) The book of Psalms is a collection of hymns or holy songs. Many of them were written by David, who lived about 1000 years before our Saviour's time; and those are more antient than the works of any classic writer now extant. Homer, one of the earliest classic writers, wrote about 840 years before the birth of Christ, above 100 years after the death of Solomon, David's son. "Compare them with "the Odes of Horace or Anacreon, with "the Hymns of Callimachus, the Golden "Verses of Pythagoras, the Choruses of "the Greek Tragedians, and you will "quickly see how greatly they surpass "them all, in piety of sentiment, in subli"mity of expression, in purity of morality, "and in rational theology." Watson's Apol. p. 57.
Their character is various; some triumphant, others penitential; some prophetical, others merely narrative: but in style, energy, and classic elegance, they all rank amongst the best compositions; animated with the sublimest strains of devotion, and expressing the justest notions of God's providence and attributes.
They are all in metre; were used in the service at the tabernacle and temple; were generally learnt by heart by the people; and the ministers of every gradation were expected to be able at all times to repeat them from memory.
They are supposed to have been collected and put into their present arrangement by Ezra, and to have been deposited by him in the temple with the other books of the Old Testament, about 500 years before the birth of Christ: and they were
translated into Greek, with the rest of the Old Testament, about 270 years before our Saviour's time.
This Greek translation is now extant. It is called the Septuagint.
The English translation in the Prayer Book was made by Tyndall, in the time of Henry the Eighth; and was revised by Archbishop Cranmer, about 1548. The translation in the Bible was made at the time of the last translation of the whole Bible in 1607. There had been an intermediate translation of the whole Bible in Queen Elizabeth's time. Where the translations therefore in the Prayer Book and the Bible differ, that in the Bible (as being the later) ought to be the best.
(0 Upon the different fate of good ami bad men: the prosperity of the former, and the failure of the latter. It is supposed to have been written by Ezra, and it may be considered a spirited poetical proposi* tion, the result of what the collection would prove.
(u) v. 3. "Like a tree, &c" In Jetxvii. 5—8. is this passage: "Thus smith "the Lord, Cursed be the nun that "trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his "arm," (i. e. his dependance) " and who* "heart departed) from the Lord: for he "shall be like the heath in the desert, snd "shall not see when good cometh, but shall "inhabit the parched places in the wilder"ness, in a salt land, and not inhabited. "Blessed is the man that trusteth in the "Lord, and whose hope the Lord i«"for he shall be as a tree planted bylht "routers, and that sprcudeth out bet
4. His leaf also shall not wither
and look, whatsoever he doeth, it shall prosper, f\r)
5. As for the ungodly, it is not so with them : but they are like the chaff) which the wind scattereth away from the face of the earth.
6. Therefore the ungodly shall not be able to stand in the judge
* roots by the river; and shall not see "when heat cometh, but her leaf shall "be green; and shall not be careful in "the year of drought, neither shall cease "from yielding fruit." This was written about 600 years before Christ; and from hence the author of this Psalm probably borrowed his idea. The force of the passage would be striking, where the country was subject to great drought, as Judea was, and where they were in the habit of digging canals and trenches to keep the water by their plantations. See Bishop Lowth's note on Isaiah i. 30.
(x) v. 4. " Shall prosper." How many assurances are th ere in Scripture that goodness leads to prosperity, and wickedness to adversity?" All things work together "for good to them that love God, Rom. "viii. 28." "There is no peace, saith the "Lord, to the wicked, Isaiah xlviii. 22.— "lvii. 21." "Remember, I pray thee, who "ever perished, being innocent; or where K were the righteous cut off? Even as "I have seen, they that plough iniquity, "and sow wickedness, reap the same: by "the blast of God they perish, and by the "breath of his nostrils are they consumed. u Job iv. 7—9." "Godliness is profitable to "all things, having promise of the life "that now is, and of that which is to "come. 1 Tim. iv. 8."
(y) o. 6." The judgment:" either " the general judgment;" or, more probably, "any time of visitation."
(j) "The congregation, &c." i. e. "those whom God collects to exempt "them from calamity."
(a) o. 7." Knoweth," i. e." protecteth," "preserveth." "Know" is often so used. Deut. ii. 7. «' The Lord thy God hath "blessed thee in all the works of thy "hand; he knoweth thy walking through "this great wilderness: these forty years "the Lord thy God hath been with thee: "thou hast lacked nothing." So Ps. xxxi. 8. "Thou hast considered my trouble, "and known my soul" (i. e. saved my life)
ment (y): neither the sinners in the congregation (2) of the righteous. 7. But the Lord knoweth (a) the way of the righteous: and the way of the ungodly shall perish.
Psalm ii. (b)
Why do the heathen so furiously rage together: and why do the people imagine a vain thing? (c)
"in adversities." Again, Ps. xxxvii. 18. "The Lord knoweth the days of the godly, "and their inheritance shall endure for "ever." And Ps. cxlii. 3. " When my "spirit was in heaviness, thou knewest my "path." So Nahum i. 7. "The Lord is "good, a strong hold in the day of trouble: "and he knoweth them that trust in him."
(4) Ps. ii. This Psalm was written by David ; (^Acts iv. 25.) and it either refers to himself, foretelling the discomfiture of Aw enemies, and bringing forward an assurance God had made to him, that he (or some descendant from him) should be to God a son, &c.; or it applies wholly to the Messiah, and is a prophecy of the opposition he should experience, of the success of Aw kingdom, and of the vengeance he should take upon his opponents. The latter was the opinion of the early Jews, and is adopted by many of the ablest commentators. See Pole's Synopsis; 2. Hales, 369—371; 1. Hales' Trinity, 187 ; and particularly Dr. Hales' Dissertations, 22+ to 268. It is one of the proper Psalms for Easter Day. See also Sykes on the Hebrews, Appendix, No. 1.
(c) i). 1, 2. These verses are in terms referred (Acts iv. 25, 26, 27.) to the treatment our Saviour experienced from the Jews. Peter and John had stated to the Christian converts what the chief priests and elders had said unto them, forbidding them to speak at all or teach in the name of Jesus, upon which the converts "lifted "up their voice to God with one accord, "and said, "Lord thou art God, which "hast made heaven and earth and the "sea, and all that in them is; who by the "mouth of thy servant David hast said, "Why did the heathen rage, and the peo* "pie imagine vain things ¥ The kings of "the earth stood up, and the rulers were "gathered together, against the Lord, and "against his Christ." For of a truth "against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou "hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius "Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people; "of Israel, were gathered together."