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"will be cast down : and what "hath the righteous done?"
4. The Lord is in his holy temple : the Lord's seat is in heaven.
5. His eyes consider the poor: and his eye-lids try the children of men.
6. The Lord alloweth (g) the righteous : but the ungodly, and
him that delighteth in wickedness, doth his soul abhor.
7. Upon the ungodly he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, storm and tempest : this shall be their portion to drink.
8. For the righteous Lord loveth righteousness : his countenance will behold the thing (h) that is just.
mcnt) are so disregarded that the ungodly bend their bow, &c. at them that are true of heart, what can the righteous do, but fly? In Ps. lxxxii. 5. where the conduct of the judges is arraigned, it is said, " all "the foundations of the earth are out of "course," as if '«the foundations" were a
known expression "for law and justice,'' the basis of all government.
(g) v. 6. "Alloweth," i. e. " favoured)," "loveth," in opposition to "abhor."
(h) v. 8. " Thing," or "man;" "God "will watch, and countenance, and pro"tect the upright man."
Lessons for the Second Day of the Month throughout the Year.
(I) ante, 52. (2) ante, 226. (3) ante, 137. 147. 40. (4) ante, 214. 179. (5) ante, 161. (6) i
(7j ante, 203. 83.
Psalm xii. (i)
Help me, Lord, for there is not one godly man left: for the faithful are minished from among the children of men.
2. They (£) talk of vanity every one with his neighbour: they do but flatter with their lips, and dissemble in their double heart
3. The Lord shall root out all deceitful lips: and the tongue that speaketh proud things;
(i) An appeal to God for protection against the wicked, and a spirited introduction of God, with a promise from him
to give it. It is supposed to have been written by David. (k) v. 2. "They," i. e. "men in general."
4. Which have said, "With our "tongue will we prevail : we are "they that ought to speak; Who "is lord over us?"
5. Now for the comfortless troubles sake of the needy : and because of the deep sighing of the poor;
e. "I will up," saith the Lord: "and will help every one from "him that swelleth against him, "and will set him at rest."
7. The words of the Lord are pure (/) words : even as the silver, which from the earth is tried, and purified seven times in the fire.
8. Thou shalt keep them (wi), 0 Lord : thou shalt preserve him (n) from this generation for ever.
9. The ungodly walk on every side : when they are exalted, the children of men are put to rebuke (o).
Psalm xiii. (p)
How long wilt thou forget me, 0 Lord, for ever ? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me?
2. How long shall I seek counsel in my soul, and be so vexed
in my heart ? how long shall mine enemies triumph over me?
3. Consider and hear me, O Lord my God : lighten mine eyes, that I sleep not in death;
4. Lest mine enemies say, "I "have prevailed against him:" for if I be cast down, they that trouble me will rejoice at it.
5. But my trust is in thy mercy: and my heart is joyful in thy salvation.
6. I will sing of the Lord, because he hath dealt so lovingly with me : yea, I will praise the Name of the Lord most Highest
Psalm xiv. (y) The fool hath said in his heart: "There is no God."
2. They (r) are corrupt and become abominable in their doings: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
3. The Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men: to see if there were any that would understand (s), and seek after God.
4. But they are all gone out of the way, they are altogether be
(/) v. 7. "Pure," i. e. « fully to be de"pended upon, without any alloy." See Ps. xviii. SO.
(m) v. 8. "Them," i. e. "the poor and "needy, mentioned in t). 5."
(n) "Him, or "them."
(o) 0.9. " Put to rebuke," i. e. (probably) "discouraged from turning to thy "worship,from putting their trust in thee." It was very common with David to press upon God's consideration the influence the success of his worshippers and the failure of the wicked was likely to have upon the conduct of others.
(p) An earnest prayer to God for deliverance, apparently commenced in great distress, with a triumphant conclusion, as if God had acceded to his prayer. It is supposed to have been written by David.
(?) Upon the blasphemy, wickedness,
and other vices, of the persons against whom the Psalm is written, with an allusion to some discomfiture God had given them. The occasion of writing it is not known; some suppose it was written by David upon Absalom's rebellion; others refer it to the time of the captivity in Babylon. It is nearly verbatim with Psalm liii. except that the 53d omits the 5th, 6th, and 7th verses, and they are probably an addition transcribed from Rom. iii. 13, &c. where the 4th verse is cited. These verses are not in the Hebrew MSS. nor in the Syriac or Chaldee versions, nor in the Bible translation, nor in several copies of the Septuagint.
(r) v. 2. 'i They,'' i.e." men in general." (*) v. 3. "Would understand, &c." i. e. "had understanding and wisdom to seek M after God."
come abominable : there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
5. Their throat is an open sepulchre (/); with their tongues have they deceived : the poison of asps is under their lips.
6. Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness : their feet are swift to shed blood.
7. Destruction and unhappiness is in their ways, and the way of peace have they not known : there is no fear of God before their eyes.
8. Have they no knowledge, that they are all such workers of mischief: eating up my people as it were bread, and call not upon the Lord?
9. There were they brought in great fear, even where no fear (ii) was : for God (>r) is in the generation of the righteous.
10. As for you, ye have made a mock at the counsel of the poor: because he putteth his trust in the Lord.
11. Who shall give salvation unto Israel out of Sion? When the Lord turneth the captivity Q/) of his people: then shall Jacob rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.
Psalm xv. (z)
Loud, who shall (a) dwell in (b) thy tabernacle (c): or who shall rest upon thy (6) holy hill?
2. Even he that leadeth an uncorrupt life: and doeth the thing which is right, and speaketh the truth from his heart.
3. He that hath used no deceit in his tongue, nor done evil to his neighbour: and hath not slandered his neighbour.
4. He that setteth not by himself, but is lowly in his own eyes: and maketh much of them that fear the Lord.
5. He that sweareth (d) unto his neighbour, and disappointed him not: though it were to his own hindrance.
6. He that hath not given his money upon usury: nor taken reward against the innocent .
7. Whoso doeth these things: shall never fall.
Psalm xvi. (e)
Pueseuve me, O God: for in thee have I put my trust.
(t) v. 5. "An open sepulchre," i. e. "as "merciless as the grave." See ante, 257. note on Ps. v. 10.
(u) v. 9. "No fear," i. e. "no cause for "fear." See Levit. xxvi. 17. 36.
(x) "For God is in the generation, &c." and therefore assists them by raising groundless fears in the minds of their adversaries. This is perhaps the inference intended to be drawn.
(y) v. 11. "Turneth the captivity," i.e. (perhaps) "bettereth the condition." See Ps. cxxvi. 1. 5.
(z) An outline of the qualities for approaching towards God. David is supposed to have been the author; and it probably was used upon some, solemn procession with the ark, (the symbol of God's presence,) to the top of mount Sion, (the symbol of heaven.) It is one of the Psalms for Ascension Day, and was probably se
*ed, either because the character of a
good man, which it delineates, comes nearest to that of our Saviour, or because the carrying up the ark to the top of mount Sion was considered a type or figure of our Saviour's Ascension.
(a) v.l. "Dwell" and "rest,"i. e. "who "shall have their abode there? who shall "be objects of thy protection? be admitted "into thy presence?"
(6) "Thy tabernacle, thy holy hill," i.e. "heaven."
(c) v. 1,2. The same question, with nearly the same answer, occurs again, Ps. xxiv. 3, 4. which was also composed upon the carrying up of the ark.
(d) v. 5. "He that sweareth, &c" i. t. "he that disappointeth not his neigh"bour, after having sworn to him: the merit is, not in having sworn, but in disregarding his own interest to fulfil his oath.
(e) A prayer expressing perfect conn
2. 0 my soul, thou hast said unto the Lord (gj: "Thou art my "God; my goods Qi) are nothing "unto thee."
3. All my delight is upon the saints that are in the earth: and upon such as excel in virtue.
4. But they that run after another god: shall have great trouble.
5. Their drink-offerings of blood will I not offer: neither make mention (») of their names within my lips.
8. The Lord (g) himself is the portion (&) of mine inheritance, and of my cup: thou shalt maintain my lot.
7. The lot is fallen unto me in a fair ground: yea, I have a goodly heritage.
8.1 will thank the Lord (jg) for giving (I) me warning: my (m) reins also chasten me in the nightseason.
9. I have set (n) God (0) always before me: for he is on my right hand, therefore I shall not fall.
10. Wherefore my heart (p) was glad, and my glory (q) rejoiced (jo): my flesh also shall rest (r) in hope (5).
11. For why? thou shalt not leave my (/) soul in (u) hell: neither shalt thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption.
dence in God, attachment to the godly, abhorrence of idolatry and idolaters, thankfulness for peculiar blessings received, and the expectation of a speedy resurrection after death. It was written by David; but though some authors consider him as speaking in his own person, the more general opinion is, that he speaks in the person of Christ, of whom he was a type. In v. 11. Christ must be considered as the speaker; and if so, he is probably speaker throughout. See Pole's Synopsis, and Dr. Hales's Dissertations, 22 to 37.
(g) v.2.6.8. "The Lord." Hebr. «< Je"hovah."
(h) v. 2. "My goods, &c." i. e. (probably,) "my goods, in sacrifice, or other"wise, (or my goodness, B. T.), can be of "no service to thee. What you require is "not for your benefit, but for man's good: "to increase his happiness, and qualify "him for thy favour." Job has the same dea, Job xxxv. 7. "If thou be righteous, * what givest thou him? or what receiveth "he of thine hand?" And it is well expressed by Chrysostom on ITim. Horn.16. "If I be just, what does God gain? or if I "be wicked, what does he lose?"
(i'l v. 5. " Make mention, &c.'' It was part of the Jewish law, that they should "make no mention of the name of other "gods, neither let it be heard out of their "mouth. Exod. xxiii. 13." See also Josh, xxiii. 7. and Ps. Ixxi. 14.
(*) v. 6. " The portion, &c." So Numb, xviii. 20. "the Lord spake unto Aaron, "thou shalt have no inheritance in their
"land, neither shalt thou have any part "among them: I am thy part and thine "inheritance among the children of Israel." So Ps. lxxiii. 25. "God is the strength "of my heart, and my portion for ever;" and Ps. cxix. 57. "Thou art my portion "O Lord, I have promised to keep thy "law."
(/) v. 8. "For giving, &c." i. e. (probably) " for the warnings he gives me." (m) " Reins," i. e. "inward thoughts." (n) v.9. "Set God, &c." i. e. (perhaps) "always considered myself as in his sight: "considered him as looking upon me." In Psalm lxxxvi. 14. the ungodly are said to have sought after his soul, and not to have set God before their eyes, (o) "God,"'Hebr. " Jehovah." (p) v. 10. "Was," or " is," "rejoiced," or "rejoiceth."
(q) "My glory," i. e. (probably) " my "tongue," called in Ps.cviii. 1. "the best "member that I have;" and in Ps. lvii. 9. "my glory."
(r) " Rest," i. e. " in the grave." (s) "In hope," i. e. " of being quickly "raised.''
(*) v. II. "My soul, &c." St. Peter, in his bold address, immediately after the gift of tongues, considers this verse as written prophetically of Jesus Christ, "God hath "raised up Jesus, having loosed the pains "of death; because it was not possible that "he should be holden of it: For David "speaketh concerning him, " I foresaw the "Lord always before my face, for he is on "my right hand, that I should not be moved:
12. Thou shall shew me the path of life (.r); in thy presence is the fulness of joy: and at thy right hand there is pleasure for evermore.
Psalm xvii. (y)
Hear the right, O Lord, consider my complaint : and hearken unto my prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips.
2. Let my sentence come forth from thy presence (z) : and let thine eyes look upon the thing (a) that is equal.
3. Thou hast proved and visited mine heart in the night season; thou hast tried me, and shalt (b) find no wickedness in me : for I am (b) utterly purposed that my mouth shall (b) not offend.
"therefore did my heart rejoice, and my "tongue was glad; moreover also, my flesh "shall rest in hope: because thou wilt not "leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou "suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." "Men and brethren, let me freely speak "unto you of the Patriarch David, that "he is both dead and buried, and his "sepulchre is with us unto this day. "Therefore being a prophet, and know"ing that God had sworn with an oath "unto him, that of the fruit of his loins "according to the flesh he would raise "up Christ to sit on his throne; (See "Ps. Ixxxix. 20 to 36. — cxxxii. 11, 12.) "he, seeing this before, spake of the resur"rection qf Christ, that his soul was not "left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. Acts ii. 24 to 31." St. Paul also considers the latter branch of this verse as looking to the Messiah; for after citing the words "thou shalt not suffer "thine Holy One to see corruption," he adds, "for David, after he had served his "own generation by the will of God, fell "on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, ft and saw corruption: but he whom God *' raised again' (viz. Jesus) "saw no cor"ruption. Acts xiii. 35 to 37."
lu) v.ll. "Hell." Hebr. "Sheol." Not "the place of torment," but "the place "where nothing can be seen; the dark and "unseen place;" answering to the Greek "Mv." See ante, 9. note (o).
(*) v. 12. " Path of life, " i. e. probably,
4. Because of men's works that are done against the words of thy lips (c) : I have kept me from the ways of the destroyer.
5. O hold thou up my goings in thy paths : that my footsteps slip not.
6. I have called upon thee, 0 God, for thou shalt hear me : incline thine ear to me, and hearken unto my words.
7. Shew thy marvellous lovingkindness, thou that art the Saviour (d) of them which put their trust in thee; from such as resist thy right hand.
8. Keep me as the apple (e) of an eye: hide me under the shadow (»•) of thy wings,
9. From the ungodly that trouble
"the road to life everlasting," "the way "to eternal life."
(y) A prayer of David's, protesting his innocence, and earnestly intreating for deliverance.
(z) v. 2. "From thy presence," because then it must be just.
(a) "The thing, &c." i. e. (probably) "justice, impartiality."
(6) v. 3. Read, "found," " was," and "should."
(c) v- 4. " The words of thy lips," i. e. "thy commandments."
(d) v. 7. " The Saviour, &c." i. e. "who "preservest from such as resist thy power "those who trust in thee,*' protecting the latter from the former.
(e) v. 8. " The apple, &c." The same similitude occurs in the song of Moses, Deut. xxxii. 10.; "he led him" (i. e. the people of Israel) "about, he instructed "him, he kept him as the apple of his eye; and in Zech. ii. 8. in speaking of the vengeance which should fall upon the nations which spoiled Jerusalem, this reason is given, "for he that toucheth you, toucheth "the apple of his eye." The wonderful formation of the eye, to protect it from injury, and to answer the purposes of sight, is among the instances of God's transcendant skill, and turns to ridicule the doubt, "whether we are the effect of chance, or "the work of God's hand." See Psexxxix. 12 to 16.
(g) "Under the shadow, &c." or "cover