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no, not one is there
11. O God, how long shall the adversary do this dishonour: how long shall the enemy blaspheme (t) thy Name? for ever?
12. Why withdrawest thou thy hand: why pluckest thou not thy right hand out of thy bosom, to consume the enemy?
13. For God is my King of old: the help that is done upon earth, he doeth it himself.
14. Thou didst (w) divide the sea through thy power: thou breakest the heads of the dragons (x) in the waters.
15. Thou smotest the heads of Leviathan (#) in pieces: and gavest him to be meat for the people in the wilderness, (z)
16. Thou broughtest out fountains (a), and waters out of the
hard rocks: thou driedst up (b) mighty waters.
17. The day is thine, and the night is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
18. Thou hast set all the borders (c) of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.
19. Remember this, O Lord, how the enemy hath rebuked: and how the foolish people hath blasphemed (d) thy Name.
20. O deliver not the soul of" thy turtle-dove unto the multitude of the enemies: and forget not the congregation of the poor for ever.
21. Look upon the covenant (e): for all the earth is full of darkness and cruel habitations.
22. O let not the simple go away ashamed: but let the poor and needy give praise (g~) unto thy Name.
(*) "Understandeth," i. e. "is inspired," "hath knowledge communicated to him "from above."
(t) v. 11. " Blaspheme," by insinuating that he cannot be the true God who suffers his people to be so reduced. See Ps. lxxiii. 8—Ixxix. 13.
(«) v. 14. "Didst divide, &c." The Psalm begins here to notice what God had before done for them, and sets out with the signal instance of his making them a passage through the Red Sea, and destroying Pharoah and all his host. A. C. 1490.
(x) "The dragons," i. e. "the Egyp"tians."
(y) v. 15. " Leviathan," i. e. " Pharoah."
(z) " People in the wilderness," i. e. "the animals of prey."
(a) v. 16. " Fountains, &c." This refers to what happened in the wilderness after the Israelites had left Egypt: they murmured for want of water, and Moses by God's command smote a rock with his rod, and water came out of it, and supplied their wants. See Exod. xvii. 1 to 6.— Numb. xx. 1 to 11. This is often noticed as a signal instance of God's power. In Ps. cv. 40. "He opened the rock of stone, "and the waters flowed out, so that
"rivers ran in the dry places." See also Ps. lxviii. 16, 17.
(b) "Driedst up, &c." This probably refers to the miracle at Jordan, when the running of the stream was suspended, and the priests with the ark stood firm on dry ground in the midst of the river, and all the Israelites passed through on dry ground. Josh. iii. 7 to 17. See Psalm cxiv.
(c) v. 18. " Borders" or "divisions," such as " earth and sea, hill and vale, &c."
(d) v. 19. " Blasphemed." See note on verse 11.
(e) v. 21. "The covenant." Reference is repeatedly made to a covenant or promise from God to the Israelites, as a well-known thing. See Psalm lxxvii. 8.—cvi. 44. It alludes perhaps to the promise, Levit. xxvi. 3. 12. "If ye walk in my statutes, and "keep my commandments and do them, "I will give peace in the land, &c. and "ye shall chase your enemies, &c. and I "will walk among you, and will be your "God, and ye shall be my people." See Jer. xi. 3.
(g) v. 22. "Give praise," i. e. "have "occasion to give praise; from thy inter"position to deliver them."
23. Arise, O God, maintain thine own cause (A): remember how the foolish man blasphemeth thee daily.
24. Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the presumption of them that hate thee increaseth ever more and more.
Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks: yea, unto thee do we give thanks.
2. Thy Name (Jc) also is so nigh: and that do thy wondrous works declare.
3. When I receive the congregation (J): I shall judge according unto right.
4. The earth is weak, and all the inhabitants thereof: 1 bear up the pillars of it.
5. I said unto the fools, "Deal "not so madly:" and to the ungodly, "Set not up your "horn;
6. "Set not up your horn on "high: and speak not with a "stiff neck."
7. For promotion cometh neither from the east (m), nor from the west: nor yet from the south.
8. And why? God is the Judge : he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
9. For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup (w), and the wine is red : it is full mixed (o), and he poureth out of the same.
(A) v. 23. "Thine own cause." The Israelites were the only worshippers of the true God, and when they were oppressed, their calamities were urged by the heathen as a proof that their God was not the true God: their welfare, therefore, and the estimation of God among the heathen nations, were reciprocal and identified, and on that account their success is called God's "own cause." See note on Ps. xxv. 10. See also Ps. lxxix. 9.
(i) "A thanksgiving after some deliverance or success, looking up to God as the great Disposer of events, and the Judge of the ungodly. The time or occasion of writing it is not known, nor the author. It has the appearance of being written by some king who had met with considerable opposition, and who was scarcely seated in the throne, and at a time when the people had been considerably reduced. Perhaps in the early time of David's reign, either before the ten tribes of Israel submitted to his government, or just upon their submission. See 2 Sam. i. to v. and ante, 327. Ps. lx.
(k) v. 2. "Thy Name," i. e. "thy aid, "thy assistance.
(/) v. 3. " Receive the congregation," i. e. " to administer justice."
(m) v. 7. " From the east, &c." i. e. (probably ) "from any quarter of the earth, is "not obtained by human means, nor con
"ferred by human hands. It is the gift of "God alone."' David had been anointed by Samuel under God's express command as the person God chose to reign over Israel long before he was invested with the actual government. See 1 Sam. xvi. 1. 13.
(n) v. 9. "A cup." Calamities are often mentioned under this similitude. Thus, Is. li. 17. (ante, 327. note on Ps. lx.) and v. 22. «' Behold, (saith the Lord,) I have "taken out of thine hand the cup of trtm"Ming, even the dregs of the cup of my "Jury; thou shalt no more drink it again: "but I will put it into the hand of them "that afflict thee." So Jer. xxv. 15. "Thus saith the Lord God of Israel unto "me, take the wine cup of this Jury at my "hand, and cause all the nations, to whom "I send thee, to drink it." See also Eiek. xxiii. 32, 33. Our Saviour uses the word "cup," in the same way, Matt. xx. 22. — xxvi. 39. Luke xxii. 42. See ante, 327. note, on Ps. lx.
(o) "Full mixed." It was the practice to mix other powerful ingredients with wine to increase its strength. Thus Prov. xxiii. 30. the idea is raised from "tarry"ing long at the wine," to "going to seek "mixed wine." So Is. v. 22. woe is denounced "upon them that are mighty to "drink wine, and men of strength to "mingle strong drink.
10. As for the dregs (p) thereof: all the ungodly of the earth shall drink them, and suck (q) them out
11. But I will talk of the God of Jacob : and praise him for ever.
12. All the horns of the ungodly also will I break : and the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.
Psalm Ixxvi. (r)
In Jewry (s) is God known: his Name is great in Israel.
2. At Salem (7) is his tabernacle : and his dwelling in Sion.
3. There brake he the arrows of the bow : the shield, the sword, and the battle.
4. Thou art of more honour («) and might : than the hills (.r) of the robbers.
5. The proud are robbed (y), they have slept (s) their sleep: and all the men, whose hands were mighty, have found (a) nothing.
6. At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob : both the chariot and horse are fallen.
7. Thou, even thou, art to be feared : and who may stand in thy sight, when thou art angry?
8. Thou didst cause thy judgement (b) to be heard from heaven : the earth trembled, and was still.
9. When God arose to judgement : and to help all the meek upon earth.
10. The fierceness of man shall turn to thy praise (c) : and the fierceness of them shalt thou refrain, (d)
11. Promise unto the Lord your God, and keep it, all ye that are round about him : bring presents (e) unto him that ought to be feared.
12. He shall refrain the spirit (g1) of princes : and is wonderful among the kings of the earth.
(p) v. 10. "The dregs," i. e. " the sedi"ment, the part where all the most "powerful ingredients were settled: the "strongest part." See 2. Lowth's Is. 18.
(y) " Suck them out," so as to exhaust every drop. The same idea, as Is. li. 17. where Jerusalem is said to have drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, and to have wrung them out.
(r) A spirited triumphal hymn, supposed to have been written upon the miraculous destruction of the army of the Assyrians in the time of Hezekiah, when the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in their camp 185,000 persons. A. C. 710. See 2 Kings xix. 35. and Is. xxxvii. 36. («) v. 1. "Jewry," i. e. " Judea." (t) o.2. "Salem," i. e. "Jerusalem." («) v. 4. "Of more honour, &c." i. e. (probably) "of more service than all the "advantages of natural situation, inacces"able mountains, &c." According to P«alm xcvi. 4. '«The strength of the hills "u his also;" and according to Jer. iii. 23. "in vain is salvation hoped for from
Psalm lxxvii. (h) I Will cry unto God with my voice : even unto God will I cry with my voice, and he shall hearken unto me.
2. In the time of my trouble I sought the Lord : my (i) sore ran, and ceased not in the night season; my soul refused comfort.
3. When I am in heaviness, I will think upon God : when my heart is vexed, I will complain.
4. Thou holdest mine eyes waking (k) : I am so feeble, that I cannot speak.
5. I have considered the days of old : and the years that are past.
6. I call to remembrance my song : and in the night I commune with mine own heart, and search out my spirits.
7. "Will the Lord absent him"self for ever : and will he be no "more in treated?
8. "Is his mercy clean gone "for ever : and is his promise (/) "come utterly to an end for "evermore?
9. "Hath God forgotten to be "gracious : and will he shut "up (m) his loving-kindness in "displeasure?"
10. And I said, "It is mine "own infirmity (n) : but I will "remember the years of the right "hand (o) of the Most Highest
11. "I will remember the "works of the Lord : and call "to mind thy wonders of old time.
12. "I will think also of all "thy works: and my talking "shall be of thy doings.
13. " Thy way, O God, is "holy: who is so great a God "as our God?
14. "Thou art the God that "doest wonders: and hast de"clared (p) thy power among "the people.
15. "Thou hast mightily deli"vered thy people: even the sons "of Jacob and Joseph.
16. "The waters (q) saw thee, "O God, the waters saw thee, "and were afraid: the depths "also were troubled.
17. "The clouds poured out "water; the air thundered: and "thine arrows went abroad.
18. "The voice of thy thunder "was heard round about: the "lightnings shone upon the "ground; the earth was moved, "and shook withal.
(h) An appeal to God in time of great distress, perhaps during the Babylonish captivity. After looking up with confidence to God, it notices their lamentable condition, puts the question whether farther assistance from God may be expected, answers it by imputing God's desertion to their own misconduct, and concludes by calling to mind in a spirited way what God had before done for them, particularly when he led them through the Red Sea. "Ascending (in the words of Bp. Lowth) "from a cool deliberate opening to a high "degree of sublimity." See Kennett's Sermons, 214.
(i) v. 2. "My sore ran," or rather, "my "hand was stretched out," (Doyley,) i. e. "in supplication and prayer.''
(k) v. 4. "Holdest mine eyes waking," i. e. " preventest my sleeping."
(1) v. 8. "Promise." See note on Ps. lxxiv. 21.
(m) v. 9. " Shut up," i. e. " without ever "relaxing."
(n) v. 10. "Mine own infirmity," La (probably) "imputable to my own mis"conduct."
(o) "The right hand,'' i. e. "the signal "proofs of his power;" what he calls, in v. 11. his "works and wonders of old time.
(p) v. 14. « Declared," i. e. "shewn, "proved."
(a) v. 16. "The waters, &c." Referring probably to the deliverance of the Israelites, and the destruction of the Egyptians at the Red Sea. See Exod. xiv. 21. to the end.
19. "Thy way (r) is in the sea, "and thy paths in the great wa"ters: and thy footsteps are not "known, (s)
20. "Thou leddest thy people "like sheep: by the hand of "Moses and Aaron."
(r) v. 19. "Thy way, &c." Nahum says, "The Lord hath his way in the whirlwind, "and in the storm, and the clouds are the "dust of his feet."
(s) "Not known," i. e. (perhaps) " in"visible, not to be traced."
Lessons for the Fifteenth Day of the Month throughout the Year.